Latest in physics.ed-ph

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Hermione and the Secretary: How gendered task division in introductory physics labs can disrupt equitable learningAug 19 2019Physics labs provide a unique opportunity for students to grow their physics identity and science identity in general since they provide students with opportunity to tinker with experiments and analyze data in a low-stakes environment. However, it is ... More
Investigating students' behavior and performance in online conceptual assessmentAug 16 2019Historically, the implementation of research-based assessments (RBAs) has been a driver of educational change within physics and helped motivate adoption of interactive engagement pedagogies. Until recently, RBAs were given to students exclusively on ... More
Understanding CMB physics through the exploration of exotic cosmological models: a classroom study using CLASSAug 14 2019Every cosmology lecturer these days is confronted with teaching the modern cosmological standard model $\Lambda$CDM, and there are many approaches to do this. However, the danger is imminent that it is presented to students as something set into stone, ... More
Free surface of a liquid in a rotating frame with time-depend velocityAug 12 2019The shape of liquid surface in a rotating frame depends on the angular velocity. In this experiment, a fluid in a rectangular container with a small width is placed on a rotating table. A smartphone fixed to the rotating frame simultaneously records the ... More
Free surface of a liquid in a rotating frame with time-depend velocityAug 12 2019Aug 13 2019The shape of liquid surface in a rotating frame depends on the angular velocity. In this experiment, a fluid in a rectangular container with a small width is placed on a rotating table. A smartphone fixed to the rotating frame simultaneously records the ... More
Analyzing the structure of basic quantum knowledge for instructionAug 12 2019In order to support students in the development of expertise in quantum mechanics (QM), as well as to provide insight on teaching, we asked which concepts and structures can act as organizing principles in basic QM (RQ1). The research question has been ... More
Analyzing the structure of basic quantum knowledge for instructionAug 12 2019Aug 13 2019In order to support students in the development of expertise in quantum mechanics (QM), as well as to provide insight on teaching, we asked which concepts and structures can act as organizing principles in basic QM (RQ1). The research question has been ... More
Using the Makerspace to Create Educational Open-source Software for Electrical Circuits: A Learning ExperienceAug 06 2019Virtual learning environments are a useful modality for engaging students in the classroom by affording them a sense of presence and immersion. The motivation of this project was to create an open-source augmented reality electrical circuit application ... More
The Italian Summer Students Program at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and other US LaboratoriesAug 05 2019Since 1984 INFN scientists performing experiments at Fermilab have been running a two month summer training program for Italian students at the lab. In 1984 the program involved only a few physics students from the Pisa group, but it was later extended ... More
The Science Training Program for Young Italian Physicists and Engineers at FermilabAug 05 2019The summer training program for Italian undergraduate and graduate students at the Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory of Fermilab (Batavia, Illinois, USA) started in 1984 as a 2 month training program for Italian undergraduate students in physics of ... More
Teaching Forced Damped Oscillator Using Rlc Circuit Through Inverse ModelingAug 05 2019Teaching by direct models in science has been weakening the learning process of the students, because the real problems in engineering are not solved by direct models instead commonly they are solved by inverse models. On the other hand, one of the most ... More
Teaching Forced Damped Oscillator Using RLC Circuit Through Inverse ModelingAug 05 2019Aug 08 2019Teaching by direct models in science has been weakening the learning process of the students, because the real problems in engineering are not solved by direct models instead commonly they are solved by inverse models. On the other hand, one of the most ... More
A cross-context look at upper-division student difficulties with integrationAug 01 2019We investigate upper-division student difficulties with direct integration in multiple contexts involving the calculation of a potential from a continuous distribution (e.g., mass, charge, or current). Integration is a tool that has been historically ... More
The Physics Behind the CosmicWatch Desktop Muon DetectorsJul 31 2019The CosmicWatch Desktop Muon Detector is a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Polish National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ) based undergraduate-level physics project that incorporates various aspects of electronics-shop technical development. ... More
Introducing SU(3) color charge in undergraduate quantum mechanicsJul 29 2019We present a framework for investigating effective dynamics of SU(3) color charge. Two- and three-body effective interaction terms inspired by the Heisenberg spin model are considered. In particular, a toy model for a three-source ``baryon'' is constructed ... More
Supporting students with ADHD in introductory physics courses: Four simple steps for instructorsJul 29 2019The number of students with disabilities and specifically students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) entering postsecondary STEM education has been increasing in recent decades. However, many instructors and popular research-based curricula ... More
Supporting students with ADHD in introductory physics courses: Four simple steps for instructorsJul 29 2019Aug 13 2019The number of students with disabilities and specifically students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) entering postsecondary STEM education has been increasing in recent decades. However, many instructors and popular research-based curricula ... More
Coercion, Consent, and Participation in Citizen ScienceJul 29 2019Throughout history, everyday people have contributed to science through a myriad of volunteer activities. This early participation required training and often involved mentorship from scientists or senior citizen scientists (or, as they were often called, ... More
Training future teachers in natural sciences and mathematics by means of computer simulation: a social constructivist approachJul 23 2019The monograph defines the conditions of training of future teachers in natural sciences and mathematics by means of computer simulation, developed a structural-functional model of training, selected socio-constructivist forms of organization, methods ... More
Astrobites as a Community-led Model for Education, Science Communication, and Accessibility in AstrophysicsJul 22 2019Support for early career astronomers who are just beginning to explore astronomy research is imperative to increase retention of diverse practitioners in the field. Since 2010, Astrobites has played an instrumental role in engaging members of the community ... More
Estimating the Moon to Earth radius ratio with a smartphone, a telescope and an eclipseJul 19 2019On January 20th, 2019, a total lunar eclipse was possible to be observed in Santiago, Chile. Using a smartphone attached to a telescope, photographs of the phenomenon were taken. With Earth's shadow on those images, and using textbook geometry, a simple ... More
Physics in the information age: qualitative methods (with examples from quantum mechanics)Jul 18 2019Jul 26 2019The traditional pedagogical paradigm in physics is based on a deductive approach. However, with the recent advances in information technology, we are facing a dramatic increase in the amount of readily available information; hence, the ability to memorize ... More
Physics in the information age: qualitative methods (with examples from quantum mechanics)Jul 18 2019The traditional pedagogical paradigm in physics is based on a deductive approach. However, with the recent advances in information technology, we are facing a dramatic increase in the amount of readily available information; hence, the ability to memorize ... More
Computational Thinking in Introductory PhysicsJul 18 2019Computational Thinking (CT) is still a relatively new term in the lexicon of learning objectives and science standards. There is not yet widespread agreement on the precise definition or implementation of CT, and efforts to assess CT are still maturing, ... More
Embedding Climate Change Engagement in Astronomy Education and ResearchJul 18 2019This White Paper is a call to action for astronomers to respond to climate change with a large structural transition within our profession. Many astronomers are deeply concerned about climate change and act upon it in their personal and professional lives, ... More
NANOGrav Education and Outreach: Growing a Diverse and Inclusive Collaboration for Low-Frequency Gravitational Wave AstronomyJul 17 2019The new field of gravitational wave astrophysics requires a growing pool of students and researchers with unique, interdisciplinary skill sets. It also offers an opportunity to build a diverse, inclusive astronomy community from the ground up. We describe ... More
Resources for Supporting Students with and without Disabilities in Your Physics CoursesJul 17 2019Students with disabilities are enrolling in postsecondary education in increasing numbers and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) at steady rates since the early 1990s. Specifically, in 2014, the National Center on Science and ... More
Primarily Undergraduate Institutions and the Astronomy CommunityJul 16 2019This White Paper highlights the role Primarily Undergraduate Institutions (PUIs) play within the astronomy profession, addressing issues related to employment, resources and support, research opportunities and productivity, and educational and societal ... More
Astro2020: Promoting Diversity and Inclusion in Astronomy Graduate Education: an Astro2020 APC White Paper by the AAS Taskforce on Diversity and Inclusion in Astronomy Graduate EducationJul 15 2019The purpose of this white paper is to provide guidance to funding agencies, leaders in the discipline, and its constituent departments about strategies for (1) improving access to advanced education for people from populations that have long been underrepresented ... More
Integrating Undergraduate Research and Faculty Development in a Legacy Astronomy Research ProjectJul 15 2019The NSF-sponsored Undergraduate ALFALFA Team (UAT) promotes long-term collaborative research opportunities for faculty and students from 23 U.S. public and private primarily undergraduate institutions (PUIs) within the context of the extragalactic ALFALFA ... More
A controlled study of virtual reality in first-year magnetostaticsJul 12 2019Stereoscopic virtual reality (VR) has experienced a resurgence due to flagship products such as the Oculus Rift, HTC Vive and smartphone-based VR solutions like Google Cardboard. This is causing the question to resurface: how can stereoscopic VR be useful ... More
Using psychometric tools as a window into students' quantitative reasoning in introductory physicsJul 11 2019The Physics Inventory of Quantitative Literacy (PIQL), a reasoning inventory under development, aims to assess students' physics quantitative literacy at the introductory level. PIQL's design presents the challenge of isolating types of mathematical reasoning ... More
Computational Essays in the Physics ClassroomJul 10 2019Jul 23 2019Writing and argumentation are critical to both professional physics and physics education. However, the skill of making an extended argument in writing is often overlooked in physics classrooms, apart from certain practices like lab notebooks or mathematical ... More
Computational Essays in the Physics ClassroomJul 10 2019Writing and argumentation are critical to both professional physics and physics education. However, the skill of making an extended argument in writing is often overlooked in physics classrooms, apart from certain practices like lab notebooks or mathematical ... More
Physics webpages create barriers to participation for people with disabilities: Five steps to increase digital accessibilityJul 05 2019While there have been numerous calls to increase the participation of people with disabilities in STEM, many postsecondary institutions are not equipped to support students with disabilities. We examined the digital accessibility of 139 webpages from ... More
The Scientists' Experience in Participated Science CommunicationJul 05 2019Since 2006 a small group of researchers from the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics started to realized one of the first European Researchers' Night in Europe: a one night-event, supported by the European Commission, that falls every last ... More
Physically Impossible?Jul 05 2019Halfway between the experiment and the focus group, between the quiz and a game, we have experienced a new format to "focus" on sustainability and the fundamental laws of thermodynamics and its principles. Concepts as reversibility, efficiency and entropy, ... More
Pedagogical Materials and Suggestions to Cure Misconceptions Connecting Special and General RelativityJul 04 2019Many professional physicists do not fully understand the implications of the Einstein equivalence principle of general relativity. Consequently, many are unaware of the fact that special relativity is fully capable of handling accelerated reference frames. ... More
Preliminary model for student ownership of projectsJul 03 2019In many upper-division lab courses, instructors implement multiweek student-led projects. During such projects, students may design and carry out experiments, collect and analyze data, document and report their findings, and collaborate closely with peers ... More
Emerging Reflections from the People of Color (POC) at PERC Discussion SpaceJul 02 2019A paper summarizing the discussions that happened during the Physics Education Research (POC in PERC) parallel sessions at the 2017 and 208 Physics Education Research Conference (PERC).
Emerging Reflections from the People of Color (POC) at PERC Discussion SpaceJul 02 2019Jul 04 2019A paper summarizing the discussions that happened during the Physics Education Research (POC in PERC) parallel sessions at the 2017 and 2018 Physics Education Research Conference (PERC).
Using machine learning to understand physics graduate school admissionsJul 02 2019Among all of the first-year graduate students enrolled in doctoral-granting physics departments, the percentage of female and racial minority students has remained unchanged for the past 20 years. The current graduate program admissions process can create ... More
Comparing introductory physics and astronomy students' attitudes and approaches to problem solvingJul 02 2019We examined how introductory physics students' attitudes and approaches to problem solving compare to those of introductory astronomy students, using a previously validated survey, the Attitudes and Approaches to Problem Solving (AAPS) survey. In addition, ... More
Physics teaching assistants' views of different types of introductory problems: Challenge of perceiving the instructional benefits of context-rich and multiple-choice problemsJul 01 2019Given a physics scenario, different problem types presenting that scenario in various ways can emphasize different instructional goals. In this investigation, we examined the views of physics graduate teaching assistants (TAs) about the instructional ... More
Weighing the Sun with five photographsJun 28 2019With only five photographs of the Sun at different dates we show that the mass of Sun can be calculated by using a telescope, a camera, and the third Kepler's law. With the photographs we are able to calculate the distance from Sun to Earth at different ... More
Music of the Spheres: Teaching Quantum Field Theory at the Introductory LevelJun 27 2019Quantum field theory has formed the conceptual framework of most of physics for more than sixty years. It incorporates a complete revision of our conception of the nature of matter and existence itself. Yet it is rarely taught, or even mentioned, in introductory ... More
Typical Physics PhD Admissions Criteria Limit Access to Underrepresented Groups but Fail to Predict Doctoral Completion, including some additional informationJun 27 2019This work aims to understand how effective the typical admissions criteria used in physics are at identifying students who will complete the PhD. Through a multivariate statistical analysis of a sample that includes roughly one in eight students who entered ... More
Typical Physics PhD Admissions Criteria Limit Access to Underrepresented Groups but Fail to Predict Doctoral Completion, including some additional informationJun 27 2019Jul 05 2019This work aims to understand how effective the typical admissions criteria used in physics are at identifying students who will complete the PhD. Through a multivariate statistical analysis of a sample that includes roughly one in eight students who entered ... More
Towards the Baikal Open Laboratory in Astroparticle PhysicsJun 25 2019The open science framework defined in the German-Russian Astroparticle Data Life Cycle Initiative (GRADLCI) has triggered educational and outreach activities at the Irkutsk State University (ISU), which is actively participated in the two major astroparticle ... More
Comment on "Resistance of a digital voltmeter: teaching creative thinking through an inquiry-based lab"Jun 22 2019Teaching about measurements and showing examples of instruments' non-ideal behaviour are important in physics education. Digital multimeter input impedance analysis is perfect for this, since these instruments are easily available, precise enough, have ... More
Low-cost ultrasonic distance measurement in a mechanical resonance experimentJun 20 2019We present a low-cost, dual-probe position sensor in a mechanical resonance experiment suitable for deployment in large lab courses with multiple stations. The motion of the two ends of a driven, damped spring oscillator is recorded with US-100 ultrasonic ... More
A novel alternative to analyzing multiple choice questions via discrimination indexJun 19 2019The value of multiple choice questions (MCQs) in seeking large-scale, high-stakes, educational assessment is widely established. Students' responses to test items with a multiple-choice question format enable assess the extent of students' understanding ... More
Simulating single-spin dynamics on an IBM five-qubit chip: An approach for undergraduateJun 10 2019In this paper we show how the IBM superconducting chips can be a powerful tool for teaching foundations of quantum mechanics for undergraduate students (for graduates as well, in some cases). To this end, we briefly discuss about the main elements of ... More
A First-Year Research Experience: The Freshman Project in Physics at Loyola University ChicagoJun 07 2019Undergraduate research has become an essential mode of engaging and retaining students in physics. At Loyola University Chicago, first-year physics students have been participating in the Freshman Projects program for over twenty years, which has coincided ... More
Physics departments should discuss sexual harassment -- But consider this firstJun 06 2019Jun 07 2019In April 2019, Aycock et al. published "Sexual harassment reported by undergraduate female physicists" in Phys. Rev. PER. Their main finding is that 3/4 of undergraduate women in physics in the U.S. report experiencing sexual harassment. Gender minorities ... More
Physics departments should discuss sexual harassment -- But consider this firstJun 06 2019In April 2019, Aycock et al. published "Sexual harassment reported by undergraduate female physicists" in Phys. Rev. PER. Their main finding is that 3/4 of undergraduate women in physics in the U.S. report experiencing sexual harassment. Gender minorities ... More
On the physical (im)possibility of lightsabersJun 06 2019In this paper, we use a science fiction theme (i.e. the iconic lightsaber from the Star Wars universe) as a pedagogical tool to introduce aspects of nonlinear electrodynamics due to the quantum vacuum to an audience with an undergraduate physics background. ... More
Sonia Kovalevsky Days: The potential to inspireJun 06 2019The Association of Women in Mathematics has organized and sponsored Sonia Kovalevsky Days for Girls for almost three decades. These one day events are held at colleges and universities in the USA and consist of a program of workshops, talks, and problem ... More
Quantitatively ranking incorrect responses to multiple-choice questions using item response theoryJun 03 2019Research-based assessment instruments (RBAIs) are ubiquitous throughout both physics instruction and physics education research. The vast majority of analyses involving student responses to RBAI questions have focused on whether or not a student selects ... More
Quantum matrix diagonalization visualizedMay 30 2019We show how to visualize the process of diagonalizing the Hamiltonian matrix to find the energy eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a generic one-dimensional quantum system. Starting in the familiar sine-wave basis of an embedding infinite square well, we ... More
A Do-it-yourself Spectrograph Kit for Educational Outreach in Optics and PhotonicsMay 30 2019We designed and built a do-it-yourself spectrograph assembly to demonstrate the concept of spectroscopy, an indispensable tool for exploring the cosmos. This spectrograph is designed for optical band (400-750 nm). It uses a transmission grating to disperse ... More
A Beginner's Guide to Working with Astronomical DataMay 30 2019This elementary review covers the basics of working with astronomical data, notably with images, spectra and higher-level (catalog) data. The basic concepts and tools are presented using both application software (DS9 and TOPCAT) and Python. The level ... More
Don't answer the question! How on-line Moodle-based 'Data Retrieval Tests' encourage good record-keeping and a divergent experimental mindset for undergraduate physics studentsMay 30 2019The use of Data Retrieval Tests (DRTs), as an alternative to physics laboratory notebook marking, is discussed. The implementation of a Moodle-based, on-line DRT for 1st year physics students is described. The advantages of using such a methodology are ... More
Secret objectives: promoting inquiry and tackling preconceptions in teaching laboratoriesMay 17 2019In its most general form, a `secret objective' is any inconsistency between the experimental reality and the information provided to students prior to starting work on an experiment. Students are challenged to identify the secret objectives and then given ... More
Exploring Gravitational LensingMay 17 2019In this article, we discuss the idea of gravitational lensing, from a systematic, historical and didactic point of view. We show how the basic lensing equation together with the concepts of geometrical optics opens a space of implications that can be ... More
Exploring the Structure of Misconceptions in the Force Concept Inventory with Modified Module AnalysisMay 15 2019Module Analysis for Multiple-Choice Responses (MAMCR) was applied to a large sample of Force Concept Inventory (FCI) pretest and post-test responses ($N_{pre}=4509$ and $N_{post}=4716$) to replicate the results of the original MAMCR study and to understand ... More
Investigating students seriousness during selected conceptual inventory surveysMay 14 2019Conceptual inventory surveys are routinely used in education research to identify student learning needs and assess instructional practices. Students might not fully engage with these instruments because of the low stakes attached to them. This paper ... More
Investigating students seriousness during selected conceptual inventory surveysMay 14 2019Jul 12 2019Conceptual inventory surveys are routinely used in education research to identify student learning needs and assess instructional practices. Students might not fully engage with these instruments because of the low stakes attached to them. This paper ... More
PhysPort use and growth: Supporting physics teaching with research-based resources since 2011May 09 2019PhysPort (www.physport.org) has become the go-to place for physics faculty to learn to apply research-based teaching and assessment in their classrooms. Usage has doubled every two years since the site was released in 2011, and 20% of all U.S. physics ... More
Entrofy Your Cohort: A Data Science Approach to Candidate SelectionMay 08 2019Selecting a cohort from a set of candidates is a common task within and beyond academia. Admitting students, awarding grants, choosing speakers for a conference are situations where human biases may affect the make-up of the final cohort. We propose a ... More
Science Communication a New Frontier of Researcher's JobMay 08 2019In the world of communication, nobody can be out of the fray! Since many years science communication and more in general the ability of a researcher to communicate his/her work to founding agency, policy makers, entrepreneurs and public at large, starts ... More
Activity Theory in Didactics of Mathematics -- What is Taken As SharedMay 07 2019These few pages briefly present the way in which Activity Theory has been adopted for several years now by French researchers in didactics of mathematics and has been adapted to study the learning of school mathematics in relation with the teaching that ... More
The impact of incoming preparation and demographics on performance in Physics I: a multi-institution comparisonMay 01 2019We have studied the impact of incoming preparation and demographic variables on student performance on the final exam in physics 1, the standard introductory, calculus-based mechanics course This was done at three different institutions using multivariable ... More
Quantum Computing as a High School ModuleApr 29 2019Quantum computing is a growing field at the intersection of physics and computer science. This module introduces three of the key principles that govern how quantum computers work: superposition, quantum measurement, and entanglement. The goal of this ... More
An experiment to address conceptual difficulties in slipping and rolling problemsApr 29 2019The kinematics of a rigid body that undergoes a transition from slipping to rolling without slipping poses considerable difficulties for students. In the experiment described here, a bicycle wheel that was initially spinning freely was placed in contact ... More
An experiment to address conceptual difficulties in slipping and rolling problemsApr 29 2019Jul 30 2019A bicycle wheel that was initially spinning freely was placed in contact with a rough surface and a digital film was made of its motion. Using Tracker software for video analysis, we obtained the velocity vectors for several points on the wheel, in the ... More
Construction of a Model of the Solar System with Temperature Control for Visually Impaired StudentsApr 24 2019In this work, we present a study carried out to develop a didactic kit based on the use of touch and thermal receivers for the teaching of Astronomy. The proposal arose in the face of the difficulties encountered in the search for experiments capable ... More
An Instrument-Free Demonstration of Quantum Key Distribution for High-School StudentsApr 23 2019It has become increasingly common for high-school students to see media reports on the importance of quantum mechanics in the development of next-generation industries such as drug development and secure communication, but few of them have been exposed ... More
Participating in the Physics Lab: Does Gender Matter?Apr 19 2019It is a well-studied notion that women are under-represented in the physical sciences, with a "leaky pipeline" metaphor describing how the number of women decreases at higher levels in academia[1,2]. It is unclear, however, where the major leaks exist ... More
Coconuts and Islanders: A Statistics-First Guide to the Boltzmann DistributionApr 07 2019The Boltzmann distribution is one of the key equations of thermal physics and is widely used in machine learning as well. Here I derive a Boltzmann distribution in a simple pedagogical example using only tools from a first-year probability course. The ... More
Physics problems and instructional strategies for developing social networks in university classroomsApr 05 2019In this study, we explored the extent to which problems and instructional strategies affect social cohesion and interactions for information seeking in physics classrooms. Three sections of a mechanics physics course taught at a Chilean University in ... More
Design, Analysis, Tools, and Apprenticeship (DATA) LabApr 03 2019Recently, there have been several national calls to emphasize physics practices and skills within laboratory courses. In this paper, we describe the redesign and implementation of a two-course sequence of algebra-based physics laboratories at Michigan ... More
A purely geometrical method of determining the location of a smartphone accelerometerMar 27 2019In a paper ( posthumously ) co-authored by Isaac Newton himself, the primacy of geometric notions in pedagogical expositions of centripetal acceleration has been clearly asserted. In the present paper we demonstrate how this pedagogical prerogative can ... More
A purely geometrical method of determining the location of a smartphone accelerometerMar 27 2019Mar 28 2019In a paper ( posthumously ) co-authored by Isaac Newton himself, the primacy of geometric notions in pedagogical expositions of centripetal acceleration has been clearly asserted. In the present paper we demonstrate how this pedagogical prerogative can ... More
Network analyses of student engagement with on-line textbook problemsMar 27 2019Problem solving in physics and mathematics have been characterized in terms of five phases by Schonfeld and these have previously been used to describe also online and blended behavior. We argue that expanding the use of server logs to make detailed categorizations ... More
A little knowledge is a dangerous thing: excess confidence explains negative attitudes towards scienceMar 26 2019Scientific knowledge has been accepted as the main driver of development, allowing for longer, healthier, and more comfortable lives. Still, public support to scientific research is wavering, with large numbers of people being uninterested or even hostile ... More
Measuring light with light dependent resistors: an easy approach for optics experimentsMar 24 2019We entertain the use of light dependent resistors as a viable option as measuring sensors in optics laboratory experiments or classroom demonstrations. The main advantages of theses devices are essentially very low cost, easy handling and commercial availability ... More
Cheap and versatile humidity regulator for environmentally controlled experimentsMar 21 2019The control of environmental conditions is crucial in many experimental work across scientific domains. In this technical note, we present how to realize a cheap humidity regulator based on a PID controller driven by an Arduino microcontroller. We argue ... More
Bourdieu, networks, and movements: Using the concepts of habitus, field and capital to understand a network analysis of gender differences in undergraduate physicsMar 20 2019Current trends suggest that significant gender disparities exist within Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education at university, with female students being underrepresented in physics, but more equally represented in life sciences ... More
Measuring the Effectiveness of Learning Resources Via Student Interaction with Online Learning ModulesMar 19 2019We present a new method for measuring the effectiveness of online learning resources, through the analysis of time-stamped log data of students' interaction with a sequence of online learning modules created based on the concept of mastery learning. Each ... More
Relative impacts of different grade-scales on student success in introductory physicsMar 15 2019Mar 19 2019In deciding on a student's grade in a class, an instructor generally needs to combine many individual grading judgments into one overall judgment. Two relatively common numerical scales used to specify individual grades are the 4-point scale (where each ... More
Relative impacts of different grade-scales on student success in introductory physicsMar 15 2019In deciding on a student's grade in a class, an instructor generally needs to combine many individual grading judgments into one overall judgment. Two relatively common numerical scales used to specify individual grades are the 4-point scale (where each ... More
Classical realization of the quantum Deutsch algorithmMar 15 2019In the rapidly growing area of quantum information, the Deutsch algorithm is ubiquitous and, in most cases, the first one to be introduced to any student of this relatively new field of research. The reason for this historical relevance stems from the ... More
Mathematical Sensemaking as Seeking Coherence between Calculations and Concepts: Instruction and Assessments for Introductory PhysicsMar 13 2019What kind of problem-solving instruction can help students apply what they have learned to solve the new and unfamiliar problems they will encounter in the future? We propose that mathematical sensemaking, the practice of seeking coherence between formal ... More
Mathematical Sensemaking as Seeking Coherence between Calculations and Concepts: Instruction and Assessments for Introductory PhysicsMar 13 2019Mar 18 2019What kind of problem-solving instruction can help students apply what they have learned to solve the new and unfamiliar problems they will encounter in the future? We propose that mathematical sensemaking, the practice of seeking coherence between formal ... More
A framework for the natures of negativity in introductory physicsMar 09 2019Mathematical reasoning skills are a desired outcome of many introductory physics courses, particularly calculus-based physics courses. Positive and negative quantities are ubiquitous in physics, and the sign carries important and varied meanings. Novices ... More
"Perché il mare è blu?": una rivisitazione in chiave pedagogica ("Why is the sea blue": a pedagogical review)Mar 09 2019Popularized explanations of the color of the sea often prove to be incomplete or oversimplified, and hence inadequate to become acquainted with the phenomenon in its whole. In this paper, after a historical review of the investigations on the subject ... More
Haptics-Augmented Physics Simulation: Coriolis EffectMar 07 2019The teaching of abstract physics concepts can be enhanced by incorporating visual and haptic sensory modalities in the classroom, using the correct perspectives. We have developed virtual reality simulations to assist students in learning the Coriolis ... More
Using the LifeGrid Interview Technique in Science Education ResearchMar 06 2019Qualitative interviewing is an essential tool utilized by Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education researchers to explore and describe the experiences of students, educators, or other educational stakeholders. Some interviewing ... More
Using the Life Grid Interview Technique in Science Education ResearchMar 06 2019Jul 18 2019Background: Qualitative interviewing is a common tool that has been utilized by Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education researchers to explore and describe the experiences of students, educators, or other educational stakeholders. ... More