Latest in cs.dl

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The practice of self-citations: a longitudinal studyMar 14 2019In this work, we discuss the result of an experiment that wants to track how authors use self-citations in their articles. In particular, we have analysed a subset of all the articles published between 1959 and 2016 in ScienceDirect written by the participants ... More
A Deep Patent Landscaping Model using Transformer and Graph Convolutional NetworkMar 14 2019Patent landscaping is a method that is employed for searching related patents during the process of a research and development (R&D) project. To avoid the risk of patent infringement and to follow the current trends of technology development, patent landscaping ... More
Science Quality and the Value of InventionsMar 12 2019Despite decades of research, the relationship between the quality of science and the value of inventions has remained unclear. We present the result of a large-scale matching exercise between the universes of 4.8 million patent families and 43 million ... More
The rhetorical structure of science? A multidisciplinary analysis of article headingsMar 11 2019An effective structure helps an article to convey its core message. The optimal structure depends on the information to be conveyed and the expectations of the audience. In the current increasingly interdisciplinary era, structural norms can be confusing ... More
Beware of DOI! A "bibliographic detective story" of the era of digitalizationMar 08 2019Mar 11 2019An example of inconsistencies in information provided by popular bibliographic services is described, and the reasons for such inconsistencies are discussed.
Predicting Research Trends From ArxivMar 07 2019We perform trend detection on two datasets of Arxiv papers, derived from its machine learning (cs.LG) and natural language processing (cs.CL) categories. Our approach is bottom-up: we first rank papers by their normalized citation counts, then group top-ranked ... More
A data analysis of women's trails among ICM speakersMar 06 2019The International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM), inaugurated in 1897, is the greatest effort of the mathematical community to strengthen international communication and connections across all mathematical fields. Meetings of the ICM have historically ... More
A Bibliometric Analysis of Publications in Computer Networking ResearchMar 04 2019This study uses the article content and metadata of four important computer networking periodicals-IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials (COMST), IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking (TON), ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communications (SIGCOMM), ... More
Perception, Prestige and PageRankMar 04 2019Academic esteem is difficult to quantify in objective terms. Network theory offers the opportunity to use a mathematical formalism to model both the esteem associated with an academic and the relationships between academic colleagues. Early attempts using ... More
Citation Needed: A Taxonomy and Algorithmic Assessment of Wikipedia's VerifiabilityFeb 28 2019Wikipedia is playing an increasingly central role on the web,and the policies its contributors follow when sourcing and fact-checking content affect million of readers. Among these core guiding principles, verifiability policies have a particularly important ... More
Representation Learning for Recommender Systems with Application to the Scientific LiteratureFeb 28 2019The scientific literature is a large information network linking various actors (laboratories, companies, institutions, etc.). The vast amount of data generated by this network constitutes a dynamic heterogeneous attributed network (HAN), in which new ... More
Data-centric online ecosystem for digital materials scienceFeb 27 2019Materials science is becoming increasingly more reliant on digital data to facilitate progress in the field. Due to a large diversity in its scope, breadth, and depth, organizing the data in a standard way to optimize the speed and creative breadth of ... More
The FAIR Funder pilot programme to make it easy for funders to require and for grantees to produce FAIR DataFeb 26 2019There is a growing acknowledgement in the scientific community of the importance of making experimental data machine findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR). Recognizing that high quality metadata are essential to make datasets FAIR, ... More
The FAIR Funder pilot programme to make it easy for funders to require and for grantees to produce FAIR DataFeb 26 2019Mar 06 2019There is a growing acknowledgement in the scientific community of the importance of making experimental data machine findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR). Recognizing that high quality metadata are essential to make datasets FAIR, ... More
Telling the Early Story of Solar Energy Meteorology by Applying (Co-Citation) Reference Publication Year SpectroscopyFeb 25 2019Studying the history of research fields by analyzing publication records and topical and/or keyword searches with a full Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS) has been introduced as a powerful tool to identify the corresponding root publications. ... More
Can Google Scholar and Mendeley help to assess the scholarly impacts of dissertations?Feb 23 2019Dissertations can be the single most important scholarly outputs of junior researchers. Whilst sets of journal articles are often evaluated with the help of citation counts from the Web of Science or Scopus, these do not index dissertations and so their ... More
Como Mensurar a Importância, Influência e a Relevância de Usuários do Twitter? Uma análise da interação dos candidatos à presidência do Brasil nas eleições de 2018Feb 21 2019In the contemporary world, a significant number of people use social networking services for a variety of purposes, including, but not limited to, communicating, exchanging messages and searching for information. A popular social network in the political ... More
DIALOG: A framework for modeling, analysis and reuse of digital forensic knowledgeFeb 21 2019This paper presents DIALOG (Digital Investigation Ontology); a framework for the management, reuse, and analysis of Digital Investigation knowledge. DIALOG provides a general, application independent vocabulary that can be used to describe an investigation ... More
Analysis of the Wikipedia Network of MathematiciansFeb 20 2019Feb 21 2019We look at the network of mathematicians defined by the hyperlinks between their biographies on Wikipedia. We show how to extract this information using three snapshots of the Wikipedia data, taken in 2013, 2017 and 2018. We illustrate how such Wikipedia ... More
Another Brick in the Paywall: The Popularity and Privacy Implications of PaywallsFeb 18 2019Funding the production and distribution of quality online content is an open problem for content producers. Selling subscriptions to content, once considered passe, has been growing in popularity recently. Decreasing revenues from digital advertising, ... More
Ex-ante measure of patent quality reveals intrinsic fitness for citation-network growthFeb 14 2019We have constructed a fitness parameter, characterizing the intrinsic attractiveness for patents to be cited, from attributes of the associated inventions known at the time a patent is granted. This exogenously obtained fitness is shown to determine the ... More
GrapAL: Querying Semantic Scholar's Literature GraphFeb 14 2019We introduce GrapAL (Graph database of Academic Literature), a versatile tool for exploring and investigating scientific literature which satisfies a variety of use cases and information needs requested by researchers. At the core of GrapAL is a Neo4j ... More
The artist libraries projectFeb 13 2019The creation of the Artist Libraries Project was sparked by the observation that artist libraries are still not well known, yet many art historians are interested in this archive for the value it adds to understanding the person behind the artist and ... More
WikiLinkGraphs: A complete, longitudinal and multi-language dataset of the Wikipedia link networksFeb 12 2019Wikipedia articles contain multiple links connecting a subject to other pages of the encyclopedia. In Wikipedia parlance, these links are called internal links or wikilinks. We present a complete dataset of the network of internal Wikipedia links for ... More
Merits and Limits: Applying open data to monitor open access publications in bibliometric databasesFeb 11 2019Identifying and monitoring Open Access (OA) publications might seem a trivial task while practical efforts prove otherwise. Contradictory information arise often depending on metadata employed. We strive to assign OA status to publications in Web of Science ... More
Merits and Limits: Applying open data to monitor open access publications in bibliometric databasesFeb 11 2019Feb 13 2019Identifying and monitoring Open Access (OA) publications might seem a trivial task while practical efforts prove otherwise. Contradictory information arise often depending on metadata employed. We strive to assign OA status to publications in Web of Science ... More
Open data to evaluate academic researchers: an experiment with the Italian Scientific HabilitationFeb 08 2019The need for scholarly open data is ever increasing. While there are large repositories of open access articles and free publication indexes, there are still a few examples of free citation networks and their coverage is partial. One of the results is ... More
Crowdsourcing open citations with CROCI - An analysis of the current status of open citations, and a proposalFeb 07 2019In this paper, we analyse the current availability of open citations data in one particular dataset, namely COCI (the OpenCitations Index of Crossref open DOI-to-DOI citations; http://opencitations.net/index/coci) provided by OpenCitations. The results ... More
Mobile Information RetrievalFeb 05 2019Mobile Information Retrieval (Mobile IR) is a relatively recent branch of Information Retrieval (IR) that is concerned with enabling users to carry out, using a mobile device, all the classical IR operations that they were used to carry out on a desktop. ... More
The relationship between usage and citations in an open access mega journalFeb 04 2019Feb 21 2019How does usage of an article relate to the number of citations it accrues? Does the timeframe in which an article is used (and how much that article is used) have an effect on when and how much that article is cited? What role does an article's subject ... More
Automating Software Citation using GitCiteFeb 03 2019The ability to cite software and give credit to its authors is increasingly important. This paper presents a model for software citation with version control, and an implementation that integrates with Git and GitHub. The implementation includes a browser ... More
Filtering journal impact factor rank by specific parametersFeb 02 2019This paper reports the development of a bot to filter the journal impact factor rank by specific parameters such as papers published in a specific area during an specific period. The filter is done by an automatic search on Scopus and results are processed ... More
Methods to Evaluate Lifecycle Models for Research Data ManagementJan 31 2019Lifecycle models for research data are often abstract and simple. This comes at the danger of oversimplifying the complex concepts of research data management. The analysis of 90 different lifecycle models lead to two approaches to assess the quality ... More
Open Research Knowledge Graph: Towards Machine Actionability in Scholarly CommunicationJan 30 2019Despite improved digital access to scientific publications in the last decades, the fundamental principles of scholarly communication remain unchanged and continue to be largely document-based. The document-oriented workflows in science publication have ... More
A multidimensional perspective on the citation impact of scientific publicationsJan 28 2019The citation impact of scientific publications is usually seen as a one-dimensional concept. We introduce a three-dimensional perspective on the citation impact of publications. In addition to the level of citation impact, quantified by the number of ... More
Which are the influential publications in the Web of Science subject categories over a long period of time? CRExplorer software used for big-data analyses in bibliometricsJan 25 2019What are the landmark papers in scientific disciplines? On whose shoulders does research in these fields stand? Which papers are indispensable for scientific progress? These are typical questions which are not only of interest for researchers (who frequently ... More
A principled methodology for comparing relatedness measures for clustering publicationsJan 21 2019There are many different relatedness measures, based for instance on citation relations or textual similarity, that can be used to cluster scientific publications. We propose a principled methodology for evaluating the accuracy of clustering solutions ... More
Fundamentals of effective cloud management for the new NASA Astrophysics Data SystemJan 16 2019The new NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is designed with a serviceoriented architecture (SOA) that consists of multiple customized Apache Solr search engine instances plus a collection of microservices, containerized using Docker, and deployed in ... More
Granularity of algorithmically constructed publication-level classifications of research publications: Identification of specialtiesJan 16 2019In this work, in which we build on, and use the outcome of, an earlier study on topic identification in an algorithmically constructed publication-level classification (ACPLC), we address the issue how to algorithmically obtain a classification of topics ... More
Exploring the Role of Interdisciplinarity in Physics: Success, Talent and LuckJan 11 2019Although interdisciplinarity is often touted as a necessity for modern research, the evidence on the relative impact of sectorial versus to interdisciplinary science is qualitative at best. In this paper we leverage the bibliographic data set of the American ... More
The $h$-index and multi-author $h_m$-index for individual researchers in condensed matter physicsJan 09 2019Feb 17 2019The characteristics of the $h$-index in the field of condensed matter physics are studied using high-quality data from ResearcherID. The results are examined in terms of theoretical descriptions of the $h$-index' overall dependence on a researcher's total ... More
Taking census of physicsJan 09 2019Over the past decades, the diversity of areas explored by physicists has exploded, encompassing new topics from biophysics and chemical physics to network science. However, it is unclear how these new subfields emerged from the traditional subject areas ... More
How well does I3 perform for impact measurement compared to other bibliometric indicators? The convergent validity of several (field-normalized) indicatorsJan 04 2019Feb 18 2019Recently, the integrated impact indicator (I3) indicator was introduced where citations are weighted in accordance with the percentile rank class of each publication in a set of publications. I3 can also be used as a field-normalized indicator. Field-normalization ... More
A Joint Model for Multimodal Document Quality AssessmentJan 04 2019Jan 14 2019The quality of a document is affected by various factors, including grammaticality, readability, stylistics, and expertise depth, making the task of document quality assessment a complex one. In this paper, we explore this task in the context of assessing ... More
Do altmetrics work for assessing research quality?Dec 31 2018Alternative metrics (aka altmetrics) are gaining increasing interest in the scientometrics community as they can capture both the volume and quality of attention that a research work receives online. Nevertheless, there is limited knowledge about their ... More
Issues for Using Semantic Modeling to Represent MechanismsDec 29 2018Mechanisms are a fundamental concept in many areas of science. Nonetheless, there has been little effort to develop structures to represent mechanisms. We explore the issues in developing a basic semantic modeling framework for describing some types of ... More
Towards Finding Non-obvious Papers: An Analysis of Citation Recommender SystemsDec 29 2018As science advances, the academic community has published millions of research papers. Researchers devote time and effort to search relevant manuscripts when writing a paper or simply to keep up with current research. In this paper, we consider the problem ... More
Identifying translational science through embeddings of controlled vocabulariesDec 27 2018Objective: Translational science aims at "translating" basic scientific discoveries into clinical applications. The identification of translational science has practicality such as evaluating the effectiveness of investments made into large programs like ... More
The Chaperone Effect in Scientific PublishingDec 26 2018Experience plays a critical role in crafting high impact scientific work. This is particularly evident in top multidisciplinary journals, where a scientist is unlikely to appear as senior author if they have not previously published within the same journal. ... More
Identifying interdisciplinarity through the disciplinary classification of co-authors of scientific publicationsDec 21 2018The growing complexity of challenges involved in scientific progress demands ever more frequent application of competencies and knowledge from different scientific fields. The present work analyzes the degree of collaboration among scientists from different ... More
Specialization vs diversification in research activities: the extent, intensity and relatedness of field diversification by individual scientistsDec 21 2018We investigate whether and in what measure scientists tend to diversify their research activity, and if this tendency varies according to their belonging to different disciplinary areas. We analyze the nature of research diversification along three dimensions: ... More
The Technology Transfer of the Italian Public Research System: the Case of the National Research Council of ItalyDec 21 2018This paper deals with the technology transfer activities of the main public research institution in Italy, the Italian Research Council, CNR. A comparative analysis on patenting and licensing performances between CNR and the Massachusetts Institute of ... More
Gender bias in academic recruitmentDec 21 2018It is well known that women are underrepresented in the academic systems of many countries. Gender discrimination is one of the factors that could contribute to this phenomenon. This study considers a recent national academic recruitment campaign in Italy, ... More
The alignment of public research supply and industry demand for effective technology transfer: the case of ItalyDec 21 2018Italy lags quite behind vis-a'-vis other industrialized countries, in public to private technology transfer. One of the possible causes might be the mismatch between new knowledge supplied by public research and industry demand. We test this hypothesis ... More
Measuring science: irresistible temptations, easy shortcuts and dangerous consequencesDec 21 2018In benchmarking international research, although publication and citation analyses should not be used to compare different disciplines, scientometrists frequently fail to resist the temptation to present rankings based on total publications and citations. ... More
A heuristic approach to author name disambiguation in bibliometrics databases for large-scale research assessmentsDec 20 2018National exercises for the evaluation of research activity by universities are becoming regular practice in ever more countries. These exercises have mainly been conducted through the application of peer-review methods. Bibliometrics has not been able ... More
The collaboration behaviors of scientists in Italy: a field level analysisDec 20 2018The analysis of research collaboration by field is traditionally conducted beginning with the classification of the publications from the context of interest. In this work we propose an alternative approach based on the classification of the authors by ... More
Individual research performance: a proposal for comparing apples to orangesDec 20 2018The evaluation of performance at the individual level is of fundamental importance in informing management decisions. The literature provides various indicators and types of measures, however a problem that is still unresolved and little addressed is ... More
Assessing the accuracy of the h and g indexes for measuring researchers' productivityDec 20 2018Bibliometric indicators are increasingly used in support of decisions for recruitment, career advancement, rewarding and selective funding for scientists. Given the importance of the applications, bibliometricians are obligated to carry out empirical ... More
A new bibliometric approach to assess the scientific specialization of regionsDec 20 2018The objective of the current work is to identify the territorial scientific specializations present in Italy, at the levels of regions and provinces (NUTS2 and NUTS3). To do this, we take a bibliometric approach based on the scientific production of the ... More
The measurement of italian universities' research productivity by a non parametric-bibliometric methodologyDec 20 2018This paper presents a methodology for measuring the technical efficiency of research activities. It is based on the application of data envelopment analysis to bibliometric data on the Italian university system. For that purpose, different input values ... More
Intermediacy of publicationsDec 19 2018Citation networks of scientific publications offer fundamental insights into the structure and development of scientific knowledge. We propose a new measure, called intermediacy, for tracing the historical development of scientific knowledge. Given two ... More
A standardized Project Gutenberg corpus for statistical analysis of natural language and quantitative linguisticsDec 19 2018The use of Project Gutenberg (PG) as a text corpus has been extremely popular in statistical analysis of language for more than 25 years. However, in contrast to other major linguistic datasets of similar importance, no consensual full version of PG exists ... More
Gender differences in research productivity: a bibliometric analysis of the Italian academic systemDec 19 2018The literature dedicated to analysis of the difference in research productivity between the sexes tends to agree in indicating better performance for men. This study enters in the vein of work on the subject. Through bibliometric examination of the entire ... More
Research collaboration and productivity: is there correlation?Dec 19 2018The incidence of extramural collaboration in academic research activities is increasing as a result of various factors. These factors include policy measures aimed at fostering partnership and networking among the various components of the research system, ... More
Assessing technical and cost efficiency of research activities: A case study of the Italian university systemDec 19 2018This paper employs data envelopment analysis (DEA) to assess both technical and cost efficiency of research activities of the Italian university system. Differently from both peer review and the top-down discipline-invariant bibliographic approaches used ... More
Allocative efficiency in public research funding:can bibliometrics help?Dec 19 2018The use of outcome control modes of research evaluation exercises is ever more frequent. They are conceived as tools to stimulate increased levels of research productivity, and to guide choices in allocating components of government research budgets for ... More
Mapping excellence in national research systems: the case of ItalyDec 19 2018The study of the concept of "scientific excellence" and the methods for its measurement and evaluation is taking on increasing importance in the development of research policies in many nations. However, scientific excellence results as difficult to define ... More
Avoiding a Tragedy of the Commons in the Peer Review ProcessDec 18 2018Peer review is the foundation of scientific publication, and the task of reviewing has long been seen as a cornerstone of professional service. However, the massive growth in the field of machine learning has put this community benefit under stress, threatening ... More
CiteScore metrics: Creating journal metrics from the Scopus citation indexDec 17 2018In December 2016, after several years of development, Elsevier launched a set of transparent, comprehensive, current, and freely-available journal citation metrics called CiteScore metrics. Most of the CiteScore metrics are static, annual indicators calculated ... More
TechKG: A Large-Scale Chinese Technology-Oriented Knowledge GraphDec 17 2018Knowledge graph is a kind of valuable knowledge base which would benefit lots of AI-related applications. Up to now, lots of large-scale knowledge graphs have been built. However, most of them are non-Chinese and designed for general purpose. In this ... More
Text data mining and data quality management for research information systems in the context of open data and open scienceDec 11 2018In the implementation and use of research information systems (RIS) in scientific institutions, text data mining and semantic technologies are a key technology for the meaningful use of large amounts of data. It is not the collection of data that is difficult, ... More
I3: A Non-Parametric Alternative to the Journal Impact FactorDec 09 2018We applied the integrated impact indicator (I3) to more than 10,000 journals and compared the results with other journal metrics. I3 provides a non-parametric statistic combining the measurement of impact in terms of citations (c) and performance in terms ... More
Graph Embedding for Citation RecommendationDec 06 2018As science advances, the academic community has published millions of research papers. Researchers devote time and effort to search relevant manuscripts when writing a paper or simply to keep up with current research. In this paper, we consider the problem ... More
Toward Exploratory Search in Biomedicine: Evaluating Document Clusters by MeSH as a Semantic AnchorDec 05 2018The current mode of biomedical literature search is severely limited in effectively finding information relevant to specialists. A potential approach to solving this problem is exploratory search, which allows users to interactively navigate through a ... More
Distilling Information from a Flood: A Possibility for the Use of Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review in Machine Learning ResearchDec 03 2018The current flood of information in all areas of machine learning research, from computer vision to reinforcement learning, has made it difficult to make aggregate scientific inferences. It can be challenging to distill a myriad of similar papers into ... More
Automatically Annotating Articles Towards Opening and Reusing Transparent Peer ReviewsDec 03 2018An increasing number of scientific publications are created in open and transparent peer review models: a submission is published first, and then reviewers are invited, or a submission is reviewed in a closed environment but then these reviews are published ... More
Report on the 3rd Joint Workshop on Bibliometric-enhanced Information Retrieval and Natural Language Processing for Digital Libraries (BIRNDL 2018)Dec 02 2018The $3^{rd}$ joint BIRNDL workshop was held at the 41st ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR 2018) in Ann Arbor, USA. BIRNDL 2018 intended to stimulate IR researchers and digital library professionals to elaborate ... More
Do the technical universities exhibit distinct behaviour in global university rankings? A Times Higher Education (THE) case studyNov 30 2018Technical Universities (TUs) exhibit a distinct ranking performance in comparison with other universities. In this paper we identify 137 TUs included in the THE Ranking (2017 edition) and analyse their scores statistically. The results highlight the existence ... More
Convexity in scientific collaboration networksNov 27 2018Convexity in a network (graph) has been recently defined as a property of each of its subgraphs to include all shortest paths between the nodes of that subgraph. It can be measured on the scale [0, 1] with 1 being assigned to fully convex networks. The ... More
ParsRec: A Novel Meta-Learning Approach to Recommending Bibliographic Reference ParsersNov 26 2018Bibliographic reference parsers extract machine-readable metadata such as author names, title, journal, and year from bibliographic reference strings. To extract the metadata, the parsers apply heuristics or machine learning. However, no reference parser, ... More
The Architecture of Mr. DLib's Scientific Recommender-System APINov 26 2018Recommender systems in academia are not widely available. This may be in part due to the difficulty and cost of developing and maintaining recommender systems. Many operators of academic products such as digital libraries and reference managers avoid ... More
Resource Mention Extraction for MOOC Discussion ForumsNov 21 2018In discussions hosted on discussion forums for MOOCs, references to online learning resources are often of central importance. They contextualize the discussion, anchoring the discussion participants' presentation of the issues and their understanding. ... More
University-industry collaboration in Italy: a bibliometric examinationNov 21 2018This work investigates public-private research collaboration between Italian universities and domestic industry, applying a bibliometric type of approach. The study is based on an exhaustive listing of all co-authored publications in international journals ... More
The contribution of star scientists to overall sex differences in research productivityNov 21 2018The state of the art on the issue of sex differences in research efficiency agrees in recognizing higher performances for males, however there are divergences in explaining the possible causes. One of the causes advanced is that there are sex differences ... More
A Decision Support System for Public Research Organizations Participating in National Research Assessment ExercisesNov 21 2018We are witnessing a rapid trend towards the adoption of exercises for evaluation of national research systems, generally based on the peer review approach. They respond to two main needs: stimulating higher efficiency in research activities by public ... More
System of Bibliometric Monitoring Sciences in UkraineNov 08 2018The origins of scientometrics (research metrics) were analysed and the lack of attention to elaboration of its methodology was emphasized. The approaches to evaluation of scientific activity outcome were considered and the tendency of transition from ... More
Modeling and Predicting Citation Count via Recurrent Neural Network with Long Short-Term MemoryNov 06 2018The rapid evolution of scientific research has been creating a huge volume of publications every year. Among the many quantification measures of scientific impact, citation count stands out for its frequent use in the research community. Although peer ... More
Testing the trade-off between productivity and quality in research activitiesNov 05 2018In recent years there has been an increasingly pressing need for the evaluation of results from public sector research activity, particularly to permit the efficient allocation of ever scarcer resources. Many of the studies and evaluation exercises that ... More
Assessing public-private research collaboration: is it possible to compare university performance?Nov 05 2018It is widely recognized that collaboration between the public and private research sectors should be stimulated and supported, as a means of favoring innovation and regional development. This work takes a bibliometric approach, based on co-authorship ... More
A robust benchmark for the h- and g-indexesNov 05 2018The use Hirsch's h-index as a joint proxy of the impact and productivity of a scientist's research work continues to gain ground, accompanied by the efforts of bibliometrists to resolve some of its critical issues, through the application of a number ... More
National research assessment exercises: a measure of the distortion of performance rankings when labor input is treated as uniformNov 05 2018Measuring the efficiency of scientific research activity presents critical methodological aspects, many of which have not been sufficiently studied. Although many studies have assessed the relation between quality and research productivity and academic ... More
Citations versus journal impact factor as proxy of quality: Could the latter ever be preferable?Nov 05 2018In recent years bibliometricians have paid increasing attention to research evaluation methodological problems, among these being the choice of the most appropriate indicators for evaluating quality of scientific publications, and thus for evaluating ... More
Peer review research assessment: a sensitivity analysis of performance rankings to the share of research product evaluatedNov 05 2018In national research assessment exercises that take the peer review approach, research organizations are evaluated on the basis of a subset of their scientific production. The dimension of the subset varies from nation to nation but is typically set as ... More
Are researchers that collaborate more at the international level top performers? An investigation on the Italian university systemNov 05 2018The practice of collaboration, and particularly international collaboration, is becoming ever more widespread in scientific research, and is likewise receiving greater interest and stimulus from policy-makers. However, the relation between research performance ... More
National-scale research performance assessment at the individual levelNov 05 2018There is an evident and rapid trend towards the adoption of evaluation exercises for national research systems for purposes, among others, of improving allocative efficiency in public funding of individual institutions. However the desired macroeconomic ... More
The role of information asymmetry in the market for university-industry research collaborationNov 05 2018This study concerns the market for research collaboration between industry and universities. It presents an analysis of the population of all Italian university-industry collaborations that resulted in at least one international scientific publication ... More
The relationship between scientists' research performance and the degree of internationalization of their researchNov 05 2018Policy makers, at various levels of governance, generally encourage the development of research collaboration. However the underlying determinants of collaboration are not completely clear. In particular, the literature lacks studies that, taking the ... More
A national-scale cross-time analysis of university research performanceNov 05 2018Research policies in the more developed nations are ever more oriented towards the introduction of productivity incentives and competition mechanisms intended to increase efficiency in research institutions. Assessments of the effects of these policy ... More
The dangers of performance-based research funding in non-competitive higher education systemsNov 05 2018An increasing number of nations allocate public funds to research institutions on the basis of rankings obtained from national evaluation exercises. Therefore, in non-competitive higher education systems where top scientists are dispersed among all the ... More