Latest in cs.cy

total 5024took 0.13s
Societal Controversies in Wikipedia ArticlesApr 18 2019Collaborative content creation inevitably reaches situations where different points of view lead to conflict. We focus on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia anyone may edit, where disputes about content in controversial articles often reflect larger societal ... More
Mobility profiles and calendars for food security and livelihoods analysisApr 17 2019Social vulnerability is defined as the capacity of individuals and social groups to respond to any external stress placed on their livelihoods and wellbeing. Mobility and migrations are relevant when assessing vulnerability since the movements of a population ... More
Comparison of Self-monitoring Feedback Data from Electronic Food and Nutrition Tracking ToolsApr 17 2019Changing dietary habits and keeping food diary encourages fewer calorie consumption, and thus weight loss. Studies have shown that people who keep food diary are more successful in losing weight and keeping it off. However, no study has investigated the ... More
MoralStrength: Exploiting a Moral Lexicon and Embedding Similarity for Moral Foundations PredictionApr 17 2019Opinions and attitudes towards controversial social and political issues are hardly ever based on evidence alone. Moral values play a fundamental role in the decision-making process of how we perceive and interpret information. The Moral Foundations Dictionary ... More
Beyond Technical Motives: Perceived User Behavior in Abandoning Wearable Health & Wellness TrackersApr 16 2019Health trackers are widely adopted to support individuals with daily health and wellness activity tracking. They can help increase steps taken, enhance sleeping pattern, improve healthy diet, and promote the overall health. Despite the growth in wearable ... More
Rethinking Resource Allocation in ScienceApr 16 2019US funding agencies alone distribute a yearly total of roughly $65B dollars largely through the process of proposal peer review: scientists compete for project funding by submitting grant proposals which are evaluated by selected panels of peer reviewers. ... More
Happiness and the productivity of software engineersApr 16 2019Software companies and startups often follow the idea of flourishing happiness among developers. Perks, playground rooms, free breakfast, remote office options, sports facilities near the companies, company retreats, you name it. The rationale is that ... More
A Dynamic Embedding Model of the Media LandscapeApr 16 2019Information about world events is disseminated through a wide variety of news channels, each with specific considerations in the choice of their reporting. Although the multiplicity of these outlets should ensure a variety of viewpoints, recent reports ... More
Selection Bias in News Coverage: Learning it, Fighting itApr 16 2019News entities must select and filter the coverage they broadcast through their respective channels since the set of world events is too large to be treated exhaustively. The subjective nature of this filtering induces biases due to, among other things, ... More
The Digital Architectures of Social Media: Comparing Political Campaigning on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat in the 2016 U.S. ElectionApr 15 2019The present study argues that political communication on social media is mediated by a platform's digital architecture, defined as the technical protocols that enable, constrain, and shape user behavior in a virtual space. A framework for understanding ... More
Predicting Student Performance Based on Online Study Habits: A Study of Blended CoursesApr 15 2019Online tools provide unique access to research students' study habits and problem-solving behavior. In MOOCs, this online data can be used to inform instructors and to provide automatic guidance to students. However, these techniques may not apply in ... More
How Widely Can Prediction Models be Generalized? An Analysis of Performance Prediction in Blended CoursesApr 15 2019Blended courses that mix in-person instruction with online platforms are increasingly popular in secondary education. These tools record a rich amount of data on students' study habits and social interactions. Prior research has shown that these metrics ... More
Tracing Forum Posts to MOOC Content using Topic AnalysisApr 15 2019Massive Open Online Courses are educational programs that are open and accessible to a large number of people through the internet. To facilitate learning, MOOC discussion forums exist where students and instructors communicate questions, answers, and ... More
Scaling Networking Education with Open Educational ResourcesApr 15 2019To reflect the key role played in our society by the network technologies, the networking courses have moved to Bachelor degrees where they are taught to large classes. We report our experience in developing an open-source ebook that targets those introductory ... More
Measuring the influence of mere exposure effect of TV commercial adverts on purchase behavior based on machine learning prediction modelsApr 15 2019Since its introduction, television has been the main channel of investment for advertisements in order to influence customers purchase behavior. Many have attributed the mere exposure effect as the source of influence in purchase intention and purchase ... More
IoD-Crypt: A Lightweight Cryptographic Framework for Internet of DronesApr 15 2019Internet of Drones (IoD) is expected to play a central role in many civilian and military applications, that require sensitive and mission-critical information to be processed. It is therefore vital to ensure the security and privacy of IoD. However, ... More
Learning to Engage with Interactive Systems: A field StudyApr 14 2019Physical agents that can autonomously generate engaging, life-like behaviour will lead to more responsive and interesting robots and other autonomous systems. Although many advances have been made for one-to-one interactions in well controlled settings, ... More
From Theory to Systems: A Grounded Approach to Programming Language EducationApr 14 2019I present a new approach to teaching a graduate-level programming languages course focused on using systems programming ideas and languages like WebAssembly and Rust to motivate PL theory. Drawing on students' prior experience with low-level languages, ... More
Boomerang: Rebounding the Consequences of Reputation Feedback on Crowdsourcing PlatformsApr 14 2019Paid crowdsourcing platforms suffer from low-quality work and unfair rejections, but paradoxically, most workers and requesters have high reputation scores. These inflated scores, which make high-quality work and workers difficult to find, stem from social ... More
Joint Seat Allocation 2018: An algorithmic perspectiveApr 14 2019Apr 17 2019Until 2014, admissions to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) were conducted under one umbrella, whereas the admissions to the non-IIT Centrally Funded Government Institutes (CFTIs) were conducted under a different umbrella, the Central Seat Allocation ... More
Joint Seat Allocation 2018: An algorithmic perspectiveApr 14 2019Until 2014, admissions to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) were conducted under one umbrella, whereas the admissions to the non-IIT Centrally Funded Government Institutes (CFTIs) were conducted under a different umbrella, the Central Seat Allocation ... More
Joint Seat Allocation 2018: An algorithmic perspectiveApr 14 2019Apr 18 2019Until 2014, admissions to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) were conducted under one umbrella, whereas the admissions to the non-IIT Centrally Funded Government Institutes (CFTIs) were conducted under a different umbrella, the Central Seat Allocation ... More
Challenges in Integrating Technology into EducationApr 13 2019Despite significant amount of investment, there seems to be obstacles to technology integration in education. In order to shed light on the nature of perceived obstacles to technology integration, opinions of 117 professionals, who were selected by Turkish ... More
KeyForge: Mitigating Email Breaches with Forward-Forgeable SignaturesApr 12 2019Email breaches are commonplace, and they expose a wealth of personal, business, and political data that may have devastating consequences. The current email system allows any attacker who gains access to your email to prove the authenticity of the stolen ... More
Female scholars need to achieve more for equal public recognitionApr 12 2019Different kinds of "gender gap" have been reported in different walks of the scientific life, almost always favouring male scientists over females. In this work, for the first time, we present a large-scale empirical analysis to ask whether female scientists ... More
Female scholars need to achieve more for equal public recognitionApr 12 2019Apr 16 2019Different kinds of "gender gap" have been reported in different walks of the scientific life, almost always favouring male scientists over females. In this work, for the first time, we present a large-scale empirical analysis to ask whether female scientists ... More
Towards Formalizing the GDPR's Notion of Singling OutApr 12 2019There is a significant conceptual gap between legal and mathematical thinking around data privacy. The effect is uncertainty as to which technical offerings adequately match expectations expressed in legal standards. The uncertainty is exacerbated by ... More
Political Discussions in Homogeneous and Cross-Cutting Communication SpacesApr 11 2019Online platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, and Reddit, provide users with a rich set of features for sharing and consuming political information, expressing political opinions, and exchanging potentially contrary political views. In such activities, ... More
The Role of Big Data Analytics in Industrial Internet of ThingsApr 11 2019Big data production in industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is evident due to the massive deployment of sensors and Internet of Things (IoT) devices. However, big data processing is challenging due to limited computational, networking and storage resources ... More
Leveraging Distributed Ledger Technologies and Blockchain to Combat Fake NewsApr 10 2019The rise of ubiquitous misinformation, disinformation, propaganda and post-truth, often referred to as fake news, raises some concerns over the role of Internet and social media in modern democratic societies. Due to its rapid and widespread diffusion, ... More
A Classification Algorithm to Recognize Fake News WebsitesApr 10 2019'Fake news' is information that generally spreads on the web, which only mimics the form of reliable news media content. The phenomenon has assumed uncontrolled proportions in recent years rising the concern of authorities and citizens. In this paper ... More
Modelling Social Care Provision in An Agent-Based Framework with Kinship NetworksApr 10 2019Current demographic trends in the UK include a fast-growing elderly population and dropping birth rates, and demand for social care amongst the aged is rising. The UK depends on informal social care -- family members or friends providing care -- for some ... More
Dungeons for Science: Mapping Belief Places and SpacesApr 10 2019Apr 11 2019Tabletop fantasy role-playing games (TFRPGs) have existed in offline and online contexts for many decades, yet are rarely featured in scientific literature. This paper presents a case study where TFRPGs were used to generate and collect data for maps ... More
Dungeons for Science: Mapping Belief Places and SpacesApr 10 2019Tabletop fantasy role-playing games (TFRPGs) have existed in offline and online contexts for many decades, yet are rarely featured in scientific literature. This paper presents a case study where TFRPGs were used to generate and collect data for maps ... More
Survey of ETA prediction methods in public transport networksApr 10 2019The majority of public transport vehicles are fitted with Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) systems generating a continuous stream of data. The availability of this data has led to a substantial body of literature addressing the development of algorithms ... More
Designing Sensing as a Service (S2aaS) Ecosystem for Internet of ThingsApr 10 2019The Internet of Things (IoT) envisions the creation of an environment where everyday objects (e.g. microwaves, fridges, cars, coffee machines, etc.) are connected to the internet and make users' lives more productive, efficient, and convenient. During ... More
Environmental Changes and the Dynamics of Musical IdentityApr 09 2019Musical tastes reflect our unique values and experiences, our relationships with others, and the places where we live. But as each of these things changes, do our tastes also change to reflect the present, or remain fixed, reflecting our past? Here, we ... More
Adaptive Learning Expert System for Diagnosis and Management of Viral HepatitisApr 09 2019Viral hepatitis is the regularly found health problem throughout the world among other easily transmitted diseases, such as tuberculosis, human immune virus, malaria and so on. Among all hepatitis viruses, the uppermost numbers of deaths are result from ... More
Clickbait in Education Positive or Negative? Machine Learning AnswersApr 09 2019The topic of clickbait has garnered lot of attention since the advent of social media. Meriam-Webster defines Clickbait as something designed to make readers want to click on a hyperlink especially when the link leads to content of dubious value or interest. ... More
New Phenomena in Large-Scale Internet TrafficApr 08 2019The Internet is transforming our society, necessitating a quantitative understanding of Internet traffic. Our team collects and curates the largest publicly available Internet traffic data containing 50 billion packets. Analysis of this streaming data ... More
Smart, Responsible, and Upper Caste Only: Measuring Caste Attitudes through Large-Scale Analysis of Matrimonial ProfilesApr 08 2019Discriminatory caste attitudes currently stigmatize millions of Indians, subjecting individuals to prejudice in all aspects of life. Governmental incentives and societal movements have attempted to counter these attitudes, yet accurate measurements of ... More
Real or Fake? User Behavior and Attitudes Related to Determining the Veracity of Social Media PostsApr 08 2019Citizens and Emergency Managers need to be able to distinguish ''fake'' (untrue) news posts from real news posts on social media during disasters. This paper is based on an online survey conducted in 2018 that produced 341 responses from invitations distributed ... More
On popularity-based random matching marketsApr 08 2019Stable matching in a community consisting of N men and N women is a classical combinatorial problem that has been the subject of intense theoretical and empirical study since its introduction in 1962 in a seminal paper by Gale and Shapley [GS62]. In this ... More
Flexible and Comprehensive Patient-Specific Mitral Valve Silicone Models with Chordae Tendinae Made From 3D-Printable MoldsApr 07 2019Given the multitude of challenges surgeons face during mitral valve repair surgery, they should have a high confidence in handling of instruments and in the application of surgical techniques before they enter the operating room. Unfortunately, opportunities ... More
A Novel Big Data Analytics Framework to Predict the Risk of Opioid Use DisorderApr 06 2019Addiction and overdose related to prescription opioids have reached an epidemic level in the U.S., creating an unprecedented national crisis. This has been exacerbated partly due to the lack of tools for physicians to help predict whether or not a patient ... More
Simple dynamic word embeddings for mapping perceptions in the public sphereApr 06 2019Word embeddings trained on large-scale historical corpora can illuminate human biases and stereotypes that perpetuate social inequalities. These embeddings are often trained in separate vector space models defined according to different attributes of ... More
Lucid Explanations Help: Using a Human-AI Image-Guessing Game to Evaluate Machine Explanation HelpfulnessApr 05 2019Apr 09 2019While there have been many proposals on how to make AI algorithms more transparent, few have attempted to evaluate the impact of AI explanations on human performance on a task using AI. We propose a Twenty-Questions style collaborative image guessing ... More
Lucid Explanations Help: Using a Human-AI Image-Guessing Game to Evaluate Machine Explanation HelpfulnessApr 05 2019While there have been many proposals on how to make AI algorithms more transparent, few have attempted to evaluate the impact of AI explanations on human performance on a task using AI. We propose a Twenty-Questions style collaborative image guessing ... More
A Conceptual Architecture for Contractual Data Sharing in a Decentralised EnvironmentApr 05 2019Machine Learning systems rely on data for training, input and ongoing feedback and validation. Data in the field can come from varied sources, often anonymous or unknown to the ultimate users of the data. Whenever data is sourced and used, its consumers ... More
Goal-setting And Achievement In Activity Tracking Apps: A Case Study Of MyFitnessPalApr 04 2019Activity tracking apps often make use of goals as one of their core motivational tools. There are two critical components to this tool: setting a goal, and subsequently achieving that goal. Despite its crucial role in how a number of prominent self-tracking ... More
A Systematic Literature Review about the impact of Artificial Intelligence on Autonomous Vehicle SafetyApr 04 2019Autonomous Vehicles (AV) are expected to bring considerable benefits to society, such as traffic optimization and accidents reduction. They rely heavily on advances in many Artificial Intelligence (AI) approaches and techniques. However, while some researchers ... More
Learning Analytics Made in France: The METALprojectApr 04 2019This paper presents the METAL project, an ongoing French open Learning Analytics (LA) project for secondary school, that aims at improving the quality of the learning process. The originality of METAL is that it relies on research through exploratory ... More
Learning to Decipher Hate SymbolsApr 04 2019Existing computational models to understand hate speech typically frame the problem as a simple classification task, bypassing the understanding of hate symbols (e.g., 14 words, kigy) and their secret connotations. In this paper, we propose a novel task ... More
Medical device surveillance with electronic health recordsApr 03 2019Post-market medical device surveillance is a challenge facing manufacturers, regulatory agencies, and health care providers. Electronic health records are valuable sources of real world evidence to assess device safety and track device-related patient ... More
Discrimination through optimization: How Facebook's ad delivery can lead to skewed outcomesApr 03 2019The enormous financial success of online advertising platforms is partially due to the precise targeting features they offer. Although researchers and journalists have found many ways that advertisers can target---or exclude---particular groups of users ... More
Discrimination through optimization: How Facebook's ad delivery can lead to skewed outcomesApr 03 2019Apr 18 2019The enormous financial success of online advertising platforms is partially due to the precise targeting features they offer. Although researchers and journalists have found many ways that advertisers can target---or exclude---particular groups of users ... More
Discrimination through optimization: How Facebook's ad delivery can lead to skewed outcomesApr 03 2019Apr 04 2019The enormous financial success of online advertising platforms is partially due to the precise targeting features they offer. Although researchers and journalists have found many ways that advertisers can target---or exclude---particular groups of users ... More
Cumulative Prospect Theory Based Dynamic Pricing for Shared Mobility on Demand ServicesApr 03 2019Cumulative Prospect Theory (CPT) is a modeling tool widely used in behavioral economics and cognitive psychology that captures subjective decision making of individuals under risk or uncertainty. In this paper, we propose a dynamic pricing strategy for ... More
Health and Kinship Matter: Learning About Direct-To-Consumer Genetic Testing User Experiences via Online DiscussionsApr 03 2019Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing has gained in popularity over the past decade, with over 12 million consumers to date. Given its increasing stature in society, along with weak regulatory oversight, it is important to learn about actual consumers' ... More
Deep Landscape Features for Improving Vector-borne Disease PredictionApr 03 2019The global population at risk of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya and Zika is expanding. Infectious disease models commonly incorporate environmental measures like temperature and precipitation. Given increasing availability ... More
Preference-Informed FairnessApr 03 2019As algorithms are increasingly used to make important decisions pertaining to individuals, algorithmic discrimination is becoming a prominent concern. The seminal work of Dwork et al. [ITCS 2012] introduced the notion of individual fairness (IF): given ... More
Lab Hackathons to Overcome Laboratory Equipment Shortages in Africa: Opportunities and ChallengesApr 02 2019Equipment shortages in Africa undermine Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education. We have pioneered the LabHackathon (LabHack): a novel initiative that adapts the conventional hackathon and draws on insights from the Open Hardware ... More
SubwayPS: Towards Enabling Smartphone Positioning in Underground Public Transportation SystemsApr 02 2019Thanks to rapid advances in technologies like GPS and Wi-Fi positioning, smartphone users are able to determine their location almost everywhere they go. This is not true, however, of people who are traveling in underground public transportation networks, ... More
NELA-GT-2018: A Large Multi-Labelled News Dataset for The Study of Misinformation in News ArticlesApr 02 2019In this paper, we present a dataset of 713k articles collected between 02/2018-11/2018. These articles are collected directly from 194 news and media outlets including mainstream, hyper-partisan, and conspiracy sources. We incorporate ground truth ratings ... More
Different Spirals of Sameness: A Study of Content Sharing in Mainstream and Alternative MediaApr 02 2019In this paper, we analyze content sharing between news sources in the alternative and mainstream media using a dataset of 713K articles and 194 sources. We find that content sharing happens in tightly formed communities, and these communities represent ... More
Rating Reliability and Bias in News Articles: Does AI Assistance Help Everyone?Apr 02 2019With the spread of false and misleading information in current news, many algorithmic tools have been introduced with the aim of assessing bias and reliability in written content. However, there has been little work exploring how effective these tools ... More
Context-Aware Misbehavior Detection Scheme for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks using Sequential Analysis of the Temporal and Spatial Correlation of the Cooperative Awareness MessagesApr 02 2019Vehicular ad hoc Networks (VANETs) are emerged mainly to improve road safety, traffic efficiency, and passenger comfort. The performance of most VANET applications relies on the availability of accurate and recent mobility-information, shared by neighboring ... More
Machine Learning, Big Data, And Smart Buildings: A Comprehensive SurveyApr 01 2019Future buildings will offer new convenience, comfort, and efficiency possibilities to their residents. Changes will occur to the way people live as technology involves into people's lives and information processing is fully integrated into their daily ... More
Smart Derivatives Contracts: the ISDA Master Agreement and the automation of payments and deliveriesApr 01 2019High-value derivatives contracts require substantial legal protection and often utilise standardised legal documentation provided by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA). Smart Derivatives Contracts aim to automate many aspects of ... More
Human Values and Attitudes towards Vaccination in Social MediaApr 01 2019Psychological, political, cultural, and even societal factors are entangled in the reasoning and decision-making process towards vaccination, rendering vaccine hesitancy a complex issue. Here, administering a series of surveys via a Facebook-hosted application, ... More
Customer churn prediction in telecom using machine learning and social network analysis in big data platformApr 01 2019Customer churn is a major problem and one of the most important concerns for large companies. Due to the direct effect on the revenues of the companies, especially in the telecom field, companies are seeking to develop means to predict potential customer ... More
Risk management in design process for Factory of the futureApr 01 2019The current globalization is faced to the rapid development of product design process with the different structure of the actor relationships in the process. Currently, the risk in the failure relationship among different actors in the project is shaped ... More
Using Scratch to Teach Undergraduate Students' Skills on Artificial IntelligenceMar 30 2019This paper presents a educational workshop in Scratch that is proposed for the active participation of undergraduate students in contexts of Artificial Intelligence. The main objective of the activity is to demystify the complexity of Artificial Intelligence ... More
A decentralized method for making sensor measurements tamper-proof to support open science applicationsMar 30 2019Apr 02 2019Open science has become a synonym for modern, digital and inclusive science. Inclusion does not stop at open access. Inclusion also requires transparency through open datasets and the right and ability to take part in the knowledge creation process. This ... More
Viewpoint | Personal Data and the Internet of Things: It is time to care about digital provenanceMar 30 2019The Internet of Things promises a connected environment reacting to and addressing our every need, but based on the assumption that all of our movements and words can be recorded and analysed to achieve this end. Ubiquitous surveillance is also a precondition ... More
Enabling decentral collaborative innovation processes - a web based real time collaboration platformMar 29 2019The main goal of this paper is to define a collaborative innovation process as well as a supporting tool. It is motivated through the increasing competition on global markets and the resultant propagation of decentralized projects with a high demand of ... More
Predictability of diffusion-based recommender systemsMar 29 2019The recommendation methods based on network diffusion have been shown to perform well in both recommendation accuracy and diversity. Nowdays, numerous extensions have been made to further improve the performance of such methods. However, to what extent ... More
Firsthand Opiates Abuse on Social Media: Monitoring Geospatial Patterns of Interest Through a Digital CohortMar 28 2019In the last decade drug overdose deaths reached staggering proportions in the US. Besides the raw yearly deaths count that is worrisome per se, an alarming picture comes from the steep acceleration of such rate that increased by 21% from 2015 to 2016. ... More
Forecasting model based on information-granulated GA-SVR and ARIMA for producer price indexMar 28 2019The accuracy of predicting the Producer Price Index (PPI) plays an indispensable role in government economic work. However, it is difficult to forecast the PPI. In our research, we first propose an unprecedented hybrid model based on fuzzy information ... More
Effect of Values and Technology Use on Exercise: Implications for Personalized Behavior Change InterventionsMar 27 2019Technology has recently been recruited in the war against the ongoing obesity crisis; however, the adoption of Health & Fitness applications for regular exercise is a struggle. In this study, we present a unique demographically representative dataset ... More
Tracking the Consumption Junction: Temporal Dependencies between Articles and Advertisements in Dutch NewspapersMar 27 2019Historians have regularly debated whether advertisements can be used as a viable source to study the past. Their main concern centered on the question of agency. Were advertisements a reflection of historical events and societal debates, or were ad makers ... More
Airbnb's disruption of the housing structure in LondonMar 27 2019This paper explores Airbnb, a peer-to-peer platform for short-term rental of housing accommodation, examining the geographical pattern of those establishments using data from London. Our purpose is to analyse whether or not the diversity of dwelling types ... More
Airbnb's disruption of the housing structure in LondonMar 27 2019Mar 29 2019This paper explores Airbnb, a peer-to-peer platform for short-term rental of housing accommodation, examining the geographical pattern of those establishments using data from London. Our purpose is to analyse whether or not the diversity of dwelling types ... More
Data4UrbanMobility: Towards Holistic Data Analytics for Mobility Applications in Urban RegionsMar 26 2019With the increasing availability of mobility-related data, such as GPS-traces, Web queries and climate conditions, there is a growing demand to utilize this data to better understand and support urban mobility needs. However, data available from the individual ... More
Active Stacking for Heart Rate EstimationMar 26 2019Heart rate estimation from electrocardiogram signals is very important for the early detection of cardiovascular diseases. However, due to large individual differences and varying electrocardiogram signal quality, there does not exist a single reliable ... More
Linked Open Data Validity -- A Technical Report from ISWS 2018Mar 26 2019Linked Open Data (LOD) is the publicly available RDF data in the Web. Each LOD entity is identfied by a URI and accessible via HTTP. LOD encodes globalscale knowledge potentially available to any human as well as artificial intelligence that may want ... More
Detecting and Gauging Impact on Wikipedia Page ViewsMar 26 2019Understanding how various external campaigns or events affect readership on Wikipedia is important to efforts aimed at improving awareness and access to its content. In this paper, we consider how to build time-series models aimed at predicting page views ... More
An analysis of the evolution of science-technology linkage in biomedicineMar 25 2019Demonstrating the practical value of public research has been an important subject in science policy. Here we present a detailed study on the evolution of the citation linkage between life science related patents and biomedical research over a 37-year ... More
On Measuring Social Biases in Sentence EncodersMar 25 2019The Word Embedding Association Test shows that GloVe and word2vec word embeddings exhibit human-like implicit biases based on gender, race, and other social constructs (Caliskan et al., 2017). Meanwhile, research on learning reusable text representations ... More
Understanding Childhood Vulnerability in The City of SurreyMar 25 2019Understanding the community conditions that best support universal access and improved childhood outcomes allows ultimately to improve decision-making in the areas of planning and investment across the early stages of childhood development. Here we describe ... More
Evolving Academia/Industry Relations in Computing Research: Interim ReportMar 25 2019In 2015, the CCC co-sponsored an industry round table that produced the document "The Future of Computing Research: Industry-Academic Collaborations". Since then, several important trends in computing research have emerged, and this document considers ... More
Capturing the symptoms of malicious code in electronic documents by file's entropy signal combined with Machine learningMar 25 2019Abstract-Email cyber-attacks based on malicious documents have become the popular techniques in today's sophisticated attacks. In the past, persistent efforts have been made to detect such attacks. But there are still some common defects in the existing ... More
Review of human decision-making during computer security incident analysisMar 24 2019We review practical advice on decision-making during computer security incident response. Scope includes standards from the IETF, ISO, FIRST, and the US intelligence community. To focus on human decision-making, the scope is the evidence collection, analysis, ... More
A survey of blockchain frameworks and applicationsMar 24 2019The applications of the blockchain technology are still being discov-ered. When a new potential disruptive technology emerges, there is a tendency to try to solve every problem with that technology. However, it is still necessary to determine what approach ... More
Tending Unmarked Graves: Classification of Post-mortem Content on Social MediaMar 22 2019User-generated content is central to social computing scholarship. However, researchers and practitioners often presume that these users are alive. Failing to account for mortality is problematic in social media where an increasing number of profiles ... More
A Simulation Based Dynamic Evaluation Framework for System-wide Algorithmic FairnessMar 21 2019We propose the use of Agent Based Models (ABMs) inside a reinforcement learning framework in order to better understand the relationship between automated decision making tools, fairness-inspired statistical constraints, and the social phenomena giving ... More
What obstruct customer acceptance of internet banking? Security and privacy, risk, trust and website usability and the role of moderatorsMar 21 2019Comparatively a little attention has been paid to the factors that obstruct the acceptance of Internet banking in Sri Lanka. This research assimilates constructs such as security and privacy, perceived trust, perceived risk, and website usability. To ... More
Mediating role of managing information technology and its impact on firm performance: insight from ChinaMar 21 2019Purpose: Managing IT with firm performance has always been a debatable topic in literature and practice. Prior studies examining the above relationship have reported mixed results and have yet ignored the eminent managing IT practices. The purpose of ... More
Characterizing HCI Research in China: Streams, Methodologies and Future DirectionsMar 21 2019Human-computer Interaction (HCI) is an interdisciplinary research field involving multiple disciplines, such as computer science, psychology, social science and design. It studies the interaction between users and computer in order to better design technologies ... More
Towards Standardization of Data Licenses: The Montreal Data LicenseMar 21 2019This paper provides a taxonomy for the licensing of data in the fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning. The paper's goal is to build towards a common framework for data licensing akin to the licensing of open source software. Increased ... More