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Results for "Yuanhao Wang"

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Distributed Bandit Learning: How Much Communication is Needed to Achieve (Near) Optimal RegretApr 12 2019We study the communication complexity of distributed multi-armed bandits (MAB) and distributed linear bandits for regret minimization. We propose communication protocols that achieve near-optimal regret bounds and result in optimal speed-up under mild ... More
Robust Lane Detection from Continuous Driving Scenes Using Deep Neural NetworksMar 06 2019Lane detection in driving scenes is an important module for autonomous vehicles and advanced driver assistance systems. In recent years, many sophisticated lane detection methods have been proposed. However, most methods focus on detecting the lane from ... More
Q-learning with UCB Exploration is Sample Efficient for Infinite-Horizon MDPJan 27 2019A fundamental question in reinforcement learning is whether model-free algorithms are sample efficient. Recently, Jin et al. \cite{jin2018q} proposed a Q-learning algorithm with UCB exploration policy, and proved it has nearly optimal regret bound for ... More
16-qubit IBM universal quantum computer can be fully entangledJan 11 2018Sep 28 2018Entanglement is an important evidence that a quantum device can potentially solve problems intractable for classical computers. In this paper, we prepare connected graph states involving 8 to 16 qubits on ibmqx5, a 16-qubit superconducting quantum processor ... More
A Low-latency Pipeline for GRB Light Curve and Spectrum using Fermi/GBM Near Real-time DataFeb 26 2018Rapid response and short time latency are very important for Time Domain Astronomy, such as the observations of Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs) and electromagnetic (EM) counterparts of gravitational waves (GWs). Based on the near real-time Fermi/GBM data, we ... More
Space Complexity of Implementing Large Shared RegistersAug 01 2018We prove two new space lower bounds for the problem of implementing a large shared register using smaller physical shared registers. We focus on the case where both the implemented and physical registers are single-writer, which means they can be accessed ... More
Word Segmentation as Graph PartitionApr 05 2018We propose a new approach to the Chinese word segmentation problem that considers the sentence as an undirected graph, whose nodes are the characters. One can use various techniques to compute the edge weights that measure the connection strength between ... More
Weighted Mean CurvatureMar 17 2019In image processing tasks, spatial priors are essential for robust computations, regularization, algorithmic design and Bayesian inference. In this paper, we introduce weighted mean curvature (WMC) as a novel image prior and present an efficient computation ... More
Gradient Distribution Priors for Biomedical Image ProcessingAug 13 2014Sep 03 2014Ill-posed inverse problems are commonplace in biomedical image processing. Their solution typically requires imposing prior knowledge about the latent ground truth. While this regularizes the problem to an extent where it can be solved, it also biases ... More
Curve Networks for Surface ReconstructionMar 29 2016Man-made objects usually exhibit descriptive curved features (i.e., curve networks). The curve network of an object conveys its high-level geometric and topological structure. We present a framework for extracting feature curve networks from unstructured ... More
Delay-Free Concurrency on Faulty Persistent MemoryJun 12 2018Jan 17 2019Non-volatile memory (NVM) promises persistent main memory that remains correct despite loss of power. This has sparked a line of research into algorithms that can recover from a system crash. Since caches are expected to remain volatile, concurrent data ... More
Model-Based Cross-Correlation Search for Gravitational Waves from Scorpius X-1Apr 22 2015May 20 2015We consider the cross-correlation search for periodic GWs and its potential application to the LMXB Sco X-1. This method coherently combines data from different detectors at the same time, as well as different times from the same or different detectors. ... More
Efficient Single Writer ConcurrencyMar 23 2018May 13 2018Most research in concurrency focuses on providing safety and liveness guarantees under the worst possible conditions. However, workloads of many important concurrent applications are much less adversarial, leaving room for optimizations for the common ... More
Adaptive Gradient Methods with Dynamic Bound of Learning RateFeb 26 2019Adaptive optimization methods such as AdaGrad, RMSprop and Adam have been proposed to achieve a rapid training process with an element-wise scaling term on learning rates. Though prevailing, they are observed to generalize poorly compared with SGD or ... More
Bias-Compensated Normalized Maximum Correntropy Criterion Algorithm for System Identification with Noisy InputNov 23 2017This paper proposed a bias-compensated normalized maximum correntropy criterion (BCNMCC) algorithm charactered by its low steady-state misalignment for system identification with noisy input in an impulsive output noise environment. The normalized maximum ... More
In-Orbit Instrument Performance Study and Calibration for POLAR Polarization MeasurementsMay 19 2018May 29 2018POLAR is a compact space-borne detector designed to perform reliable measurements of the polarization for transient sources like Gamma-Ray Bursts in the energy range 50-500keV. The instrument works based on the Compton Scattering principle with the plastic ... More
Resampling to accelerate cross-correlation searches for continuous gravitational waves from binary systemsDec 18 2017Feb 13 2018Continuous-wave (CW) gravitational waves (GWs) call for computationally-intensive methods. Low signal-to-noise ratio signals need templated searches with long coherent integration times and thus fine parameter-space resolution. Longer integration increases ... More
In-flight energy calibration of the space-borne Compton polarimeter POLAROct 24 2017Dec 18 2017POLAR is a compact wide-field space-borne detector for precise measurements of the linear polarization of hard X-rays emitted by transient sources in the energy range from 50 keV to 500 keV. It consists of a 40$\times$40 array of plastic scintillator ... More
In-flight energy calibration of the space-borne Compton polarimeter POLAROct 24 2017Jun 05 2018POLAR is a compact wide-field space-borne detector for precise measurements of the linear polarisation of hard X-rays emitted by transient sources in the energy range from 50 keV to 500 keV. It consists of a 40$\times$40 array of plastic scintillator ... More
Non-flow correlations in a cluster modelDec 05 2008Jun 17 2010We derive analytical forms for nonflow contributions from cluster correlation to the measurement of two-particle elliptic flow (v2{2}). We estimate nonflow contribution from rho->pi+pi decays and find it is negative but not a major contributor to the ... More
Quantization of adiabatic pumped charge in the presence of superconducting leadFeb 20 2002We investigate the parametric electron pumping of a double barrier structure in the presence of a superconducting lead. The parametric pumping is facilitated by cyclic variation of the barrier heights $x_1$ and $x_2$ of the barriers. In the weak coupling ... More
Twisted Dirac Operators and the Noncommutative Residue for Manifolds with BoundaryApr 09 2014In this paper, we give two Lichnerowicz type formulas for Dirac operators and signature operators twisted by a vector bundle with a non-unitary connection. We also prove two Kastler-Kalau-Walze type theorems for twisted Dirac operators and twisted signature ... More
Topological Inference of Manifolds with BoundaryOct 12 2018Given a set of data points sampled from some underlying space, there are two important challenges in geometric and topological data analysis when dealing with sampled data: reconstruction -- how to assemble discrete samples into global structures, and ... More
A Hybridized Weak Galerkin Finite Element Method for the Biharmonic EquationFeb 05 2014This paper presents a hybridized formulation for the weak Galerkin finite element method for the biharmonic equation. The hybridized weak Galerkin scheme is based on the use of a Lagrange multiplier defined on the element boundaries. The Lagrange multiplier ... More
On the boundary between qualitative and quantitative measures of causal effectsNov 13 2017Jul 09 2018Causal relationships among variables are commonly represented via directed acyclic graphs. There are many methods in the literature to quantify the strength of arrows in a causal acyclic graph. These methods, however, have undesirable properties when ... More
On explicit factors of Cyclotomic polynomials over finite fieldsNov 22 2010We study the explicit factorization of $2^n r$-th cyclotomic polynomials over finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ where $q, r$ are odd with $(r, q) =1$. We show that all irreducible factors of $2^n r$-th cyclotomic polynomials can be obtained easily from irreducible ... More
Oseba: Optimization for Selective Bulk Analysis in Big Data ProcessingJul 12 2017Selective bulk analyses, such as statistical learning on temporal/spatial data, are fundamental to a wide range of contemporary data analysis. However, with the increasingly larger data-sets, such as weather data and marketing transactions, the data organization/access ... More
An Efficient Numerical Scheme for the Biharmonic Equation by Weak Galerkin Finite Element Methods on Polygonal or Polyhedral MeshesSep 22 2013This paper presents a new and efficient numerical algorithm for the biharmonic equation by using weak Galerkin (WG) finite element methods. The WG finite element scheme is based on a variational form of the biharmonic equation that is equivalent to the ... More
Modeling study on the validity of a possibly simplified representation of proteinsJun 23 2000The folding characteristics of sequences reduced with a possibly simplified representation of five types of residues are shown to be similar to their original ones with the natural set of residues (20 types or 20 letters). The reduced sequences have a ... More
Study of the single neutral top-pion production process at $γγ$ colliderOct 29 2005Nov 18 2005$\gamma\gamma\to \Pi_t^0$ is the major production mechanism of neutral top-pion at the linear colliders. In this paper, we calculate the cross section of the process $\gamma\gamma \to \Pi^0_t$ and discuss the potential to observe the neutral top-pion ... More
Exploring the Systematic Uncertainties of Type Ia Supernovae as Cosmological ProbesJun 27 2013Jul 26 2013We explore the systematic uncertainties of using Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) as cosmological probes, using the Supernova Legacy Survey Three Year data (SNLS3). We focus on studying the possible evolution of the stretch-luminosity parameter $\alpha$ and ... More
WISE Detection of the Galactic Low-Mass X-Ray BinariesApr 14 2014We report on the results from our search for the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer detection of the Galactic low-mass X-ray binaries. Among 187 binaries catalogued in Liu et al. (2007), we find 13 counterparts and two candidate counterparts. For the ... More
Non-flow, and what flow to subtract in jet-correlationOct 20 2009We derive analytical forms for non-flow contributions from cluster correlation to two-particle elliptic flow (v2{2}) measure. We also derive an analytical form for jet-correlation flow-background with the same cluster approach. We argue that the elliptic ... More
Discretization of div-curl Systems by Weak Galerkin Finite Element Methods on Polyhedral PartitionsJan 19 2015In this paper, the authors devise a new discretization scheme for div-curl systems defined in connected domains with heterogeneous media by using the weak Galerkin finite element method. Two types of boundary value problems are considered in the algorithm ... More
Neural Network-Based Abstract Generation for Opinions and ArgumentsJun 09 2016We study the problem of generating abstractive summaries for opinionated text. We propose an attention-based neural network model that is able to absorb information from multiple text units to construct informative, concise, and fluent summaries. An importance-based ... More
Warped cones and proper affine isometric actions of discrete groups on Banach spacesMay 23 2017Warped cones are metric spaces introduced by John Roe from discrete group actions on compact metric spaces to produce interesting examples in coarse geometry. We show that a certain class of warped cones $\mathcal{O}_\Gamma (M)$ admit a fibred coarse ... More
Geometrical quantities on a fuzzy sphereJul 12 2010In this paper, we consider the geometrical quantities on the fuzzy sphere from the spectral point of view, such as the area and the dimension. We find that, in contract to the standard sphere, the area and the dimension are the functions of the energy ... More
Extreme Negative Dependence and Risk AggregationJul 25 2014We introduce the concept of an extremely negatively dependent (END) sequence of random variables with a given common marginal distribution. The END structure, as a new benchmark for negative dependence, is comparable to comonotonicity and independence. ... More
Constructing Social Networks From Binary DataJun 11 2018Much of applied network analysis concerns with studying the existing relationships between a set of agents; however, little focus has been given to the considerations of how to represent observed phenomena as a network object. In the case of physical ... More
Integrability of scalar curvature and normal metric on conformally flat manifoldsJul 14 2017On a manifold $(\mathbb{R}^n, e^{2u} |dx|^2)$, we say $u$ is normal if the $Q$-curvature equation that $u$ satisfies $(-\Delta)^{\frac{n}{2}} u = Q_g e^{nu}$ can be written as the integral form $u(x)=\frac{1}{c_n}\int_{\mathbb R^n}\log\frac{|y|}{|x-y|}Q_g(y)e^{nu(y)}dy+C$. ... More
A Kastler-Kalau-Walze Type Theorem for 5-dimensional Manifolds with BoundaryApr 24 2014The Kastler-Kalau-Walze theorem, announced by Alain Connes, shows that the Wodzicki residue of the inverse square of the Dirac operator is proportional to the Einstein-Hilbert action of general relativity. In this paper, we prove a Kastler-Kalau-Walze ... More
Tailoring Thermal Radiative Properties with Film-Coupled Concave Grating MetamaterialsSep 25 2014This work numerically investigates the radiative properties of film-coupled metamaterials made of a two-dimensional metallic concave grating on a continuous metal film separated by an ultrathin dielectric spacer. Spectrally-selective absorption is demonstrated ... More
Identification of flow-background to subtract in jet-like azimuthal correlationJan 06 2009Jan 28 2010We derive an analytical form for flow-background to jet-like azimuthal correlation in a cluster approach. We argue that the elliptic flow parameter to use in jet-correlation background is that from two-particle method excluding non-flow correlation unrelated ... More
Almost Sure Existence of Global Weak Solutions to the 3D Incompressible Navier-Stokes EquationOct 31 2016In this paper we prove the almost sure existence of global weak solution to the 3D incompressible Navier-Stokes Equation for a set of large data in $\dot{H}^{-\alpha}(\mathbb{R}^{3})$ or $\dot{H}^{-\alpha}(\mathbb{T}^{3})$ with $0<\alpha\leq 1/2$. This ... More
Dirichlet Forms Constructed from Annihilation Operators on Bernoulli FunctionalsFeb 09 2017The annihilation operators on Bernoulli functionals (Bernoulli annihilators, for short) and their adjoint operators satisfy a canonical anti-commutation relation (CAR) in equal-time. As a mathematical structure, Dirichlet forms play an important role ... More
Recognizing number of communities and detecting community structures in complex networksMar 18 2018Recognizing number of communities and detecting community structures of complex network are discussed in this paper. As a visual and feasible algorithm, block model has been successfully applied to detect community structures in complex network. In order ... More
Coherent Optical DFT-Spread OFDMFeb 28 2011We consider application of the discrete Fourier transform-spread orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (DFT-spread OFDM) technique to high-speed fiber optic communications. The DFT-spread OFDM is a form of single-carrier technique that possesses ... More
Magnetic interactions in FeSe studied by first principle calculationsOct 19 2015Based on first principle calculations we have investigated the evolution of magnetism in free-standing monolayer FeSe with respect to lattice constant and magnetism in bulk FeSe. The computational results show that the magnetic order in free-standing ... More
In-phase Synchronization of Two Coupled MetronomesMay 01 2018This paper used multi-scale method and KBM method to get approximate solution of coupled Van der Pol oscillators, based on which, researchers investigated the impact several parameters have on the prerequisite of synchronization and the time it takes ... More
Characterization of Hopf QuasigroupsFeb 26 2019In this paper, we first discuss some properties of the Galois linear maps. We provide some equivalent conditions for Hopf algebras and Hopf (co)quasigroups as its applications. Then let $H$ be a Hopf quasigroup with bijective antipode and $G$ be the set ... More
New Braided $T$-Categories over Hopf (co)quasigroupsJan 22 2017Let $H$ be a Hopf quasigroup with bijective antipode and let $Aut_{HQG}(H)$ be the set of all Hopf quasigroup automorphisms of $H$. We introduce a category ${_{H}\mathcal{YDQ}^{H}}(\alpha,\beta)$ with $\alpha,\beta\in Aut_{HQG}(H)$ and construct a braided ... More
Double Conformal Invariants and the Wodzicki ResidueJan 06 2011For compact real manifolds, a new double conformal invariant is constructed using the Wodzicki residue and the $d$ operator in the framework of Connes. In the flat case, we compute this double conformal invariant, and in some special cases, we also compute ... More
An End-to-End Deep Learning Histochemical Scoring System for Breast Cancer Tissue MicroarrayJan 19 2018One of the methods for stratifying different molecular classes of breast cancer is the Nottingham Prognostic Index Plus (NPI+) which uses breast cancer relevant biomarkers to stain tumour tissues prepared on tissue microarray (TMA). To determine the molecular ... More
Segmentation of Drosophila Heart in Optical Coherence Microscopy Images Using Convolutional Neural NetworksMar 05 2018Jul 21 2018Convolutional neural networks are powerful tools for image segmentation and classification. Here, we use this method to identify and mark the heart region of Drosophila at different developmental stages in the cross-sectional images acquired by a custom ... More
Optimal Distributed Control for Networked Control Systems with DelaysDec 12 2013In networked control systems (NCS), sensing and control signals between the plant and controllers are typically transmitted wirelessly. Thus, the time delay plays an important role for the stability of NCS, especially with distributed controllers. In ... More
Distance Priors from Planck and Dark Energy Constraints from Current DataApr 16 2013Aug 29 2013We derive distance priors from Planck first data release, and examine their impact on dark energy constraints from current observational data. We give the mean values and covariance matrix of {R, l_a, \Omega_b h^2, n_s}, which give an efficient summary ... More
Plasmonic Light Trapping in an Ultrathin Photovoltaic Layer with Film-Coupled Metamaterial StructuresSep 11 2014Feb 04 2015A film-coupled metamaterial structure is numerically investigated for enhancing the light absorption in an ultrathin photovoltaic layer of crystalline gallium arsenide (GaAs). The top subwavelength concave grating and the bottom metallic film could not ... More
Hierarchical Spatial Sum-Product Networks for Action Recognition in Still ImagesNov 17 2015Jul 08 2016Recognizing actions from still images is popularly studied recently. In this paper, we model an action class as a flexible number of spatial configurations of body parts by proposing a new spatial SPN (Sum-Product Networks). First, we discover a set of ... More
Electron Transport in Dirac and Weyl SemimetalsSep 10 2018Recently, the Dirac and Weyl semimetals have attracted extensive attention in condensed matter physics due to both the fundamental interest and the potential application of a new generation of electronic devices. Here we review the exotic electrical transport ... More
Nonparametric Additive Model-assisted Estimation for Survey DataJan 04 2011An additive model-assisted nonparametric method is investigated to estimate the finite population totals of massive survey data with the aid of auxiliary information. A class of estimators is proposed to improve the precision of the well known Horvitz-Thompson ... More
A Primal-Dual Weak Galerkin Finite Element Method for Fokker-Planck Type EquationsApr 19 2017This paper presents a primal-dual weak Galerkin (PD-WG) finite element method for a class of second order elliptic equations of Fokker-Planck type. The method is based on a variational form where all the derivatives are applied to the test functions so ... More
A Primal-Dual Weak Galerkin Finite Element Method for Second Order Elliptic Equations in Non-Divergence FormOct 13 2015This article proposes a new numerical algorithm for second order elliptic equations in non-divergence form. The new method is based on a discrete weak Hessian operator locally constructed by following the weak Galerkin strategy. The numerical solution ... More
Free boundary problems of ecological models with nonlocal and local diffusionsDec 31 2018We study a class of free boundary problems of ecological models with nonlocal and local diffusions, which are natural extensions of free boundary problems of reaction diffusion systems in there local diffusions are used to describe the population dispersal, ... More
Simplification of protein representation from the contact potentials between residuesOct 19 2000Based on the concept of energy landscape a picture of the mismatch between the reduced interaction matrix of residues and the matrix of statistical contact potentials is presented. For the Miyazawa and Jernigan (MJ) matrix, rational groupings of 20 kinds ... More
Global existence of weak solution for the 2-D Ericksen-Leslie systemMay 03 2013Jun 04 2013We prove the global existence of weak solution for two dimensional Ericksen-Leslie system with the Leslie stress and general Ericksen stress under the physical constrains on the Leslie coefficients. We also prove the local well-posedness of the Ericksen-Leslie ... More
On the Design of Constant Modulus Probing Waveforms with Good Correlation Properties for MIMO Radar via Consensus-ADMM ApproachJan 16 2019In this paper, we design constant modulus probing waveforms with good correlation properties for collocated multi-input multi-output (MIMO) radar systems. The main content is as follows: first, we formulate the design problem as a fourth order polynomial ... More
Classification of pointed Hopf algebras of dimension $p^2$ over any algebraically closed fieldDec 21 2012Mar 12 2015Let $p$ be a prime. We complete the classification on pointed Hopf algebras of dimension $p^2$ over an algebraically closed field $k$. When $\text{char}k \neq p$, our result is the same as the well-known result for $\text{char}k=0$. When $\text{char}k=p$, ... More
Indicators of Hopf algebras in positive characteristicApr 18 2017Feb 19 2019The notion of $n$-th indicator for a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra was introduced by Kashina, Montgomery and Ng as gauge invariance of the monoidal category of its representations. The properties of these indicators were further investigated by Shimizu. ... More
Uniformly bounded components of normalityMar 05 2007Jun 09 2007Suppose that $f(z)$ is a transcendental entire function and that the Fatou set $F(f)\neq\emptyset$. Set $$B_1(f):=\sup_{U}\frac{\sup_{z\in U}\log(|z|+3)}{\inf_{w\in U}\log(|w|+3)}$$ and $$B_2(f):=\sup_{U}\frac{\sup_{z\in U}\log\log(|z|+30)}{\inf_{w\in ... More
An Improved Cost Function for Hierarchical Cluster TreesDec 06 2018Dec 17 2018Hierarchical clustering has been a popular method in various data analysis applications. It partitions a data set into a hierarchical collection of clusters, and can provide a global view of (cluster) structure behind data across different granularity ... More
Global well-posedness and scattering for Derivative Schrödinger equationSep 20 2009Jun 11 2010In this paper we study the Cauchy problem for the elliptic and non-elliptic derivative nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations in higher spatial dimensions ($n\geq 2$) and some global well-posedness results with small initial data in critical Besov spaces $B^s_{2,1}$ ... More
Learning Fine-grained Features via a CNN Tree for Large-scale ClassificationNov 14 2015We propose a novel approach to enhance the discriminability of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN). The key idea is to build a tree structure that could progressively learn fine-grained features to distinguish a subset of classes, by learning features ... More
Entanglement in a second order topological insulator on a square latticeAug 03 2018In a $d$-dimensional topological insulator of order $d$, there are zero energy states on its corners which have close relationship with its entanglement behaviors. We studied the bipartite entanglement spectra for different subsystem shapes and found ... More
Compatible Matrices of Spearman's Rank CorrelationOct 08 2018Apr 03 2019In this paper, we provide a negative answer to a long-standing open problem on the compatibility of Spearman's rho matrices. Following an equivalence of Spearman's rho matrices and linear correlation matrices for dimensions up to 9 in the literature, ... More
Compatible Matrices of Spearman's Rank CorrelationOct 08 2018Oct 11 2018In this paper, we provide a negative answer to a long-standing open problem on the compatibility of Spearman's rho matrices. Following an equivalence of Spearman's rho matrices and linear correlation matrices for dimensions up to 9 in the literature, ... More
Computations of generating lengths with GAPFeb 26 2015In this paper, we discuss how to apply GAP to do computations in modular representation theory. Of particular interest is the generating number of a group algebra, which measures the failure of the generating hypothesis in the stable module category. ... More
Span-program-based quantum algorithm for tree detectionSep 30 2013Mar 05 2014Span program is a linear-algebraic model of computation originally proposed for studying the complexity theory. Recently, it has become a useful tool for designing quantum algorithms. In this paper, we present a time-efficient span-program-based quantum ... More
Asymptotic structure of self-shrinkersOct 16 2016We show that each end of a noncompact self-shrinker in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of finite topology is smoothly asymptotic to either a regular cone or a self-shrinking round cylinder.
The Hidden Subgroup ProblemJul 30 2010We give an overview of the Hidden Subgroup Problem (HSP) as of July 2010, including new results discovered since the survey of arXiv:quant-ph/0411037v1. We recall how the problem provides a framework for efficient quantum algorithms and present the standard ... More
Note on the asymptotic approximation of a double integral with an angular spectrum representationJul 23 2003In this note, we are concerned with the asymptotic approximation of a class of double integrals which can be represented as an angular spectrum superposition. These double integrals typically appear in electromagnetic scattering problems. Based on the ... More
Symbolic Parametric Analysis of Embedded Systems with BDD-like Data-StructuresJun 19 2003Oct 27 2003We use dense variable-ordering to define HRD (Hybrid-Restriction Diagram), a new BDD-like data-structure for the representation and manipulation of state-spaces of linear hybrid automata. We present and discuss various manipulation algorithms for HRD, ... More
Strangeness in dense nuclear matter: A review of AGS resultsOct 04 2000Enhancement in strangeness production and antihyperon to antibaryon ratio are two important signatures of QGP formation. Both signatures have been measured at the AGS. A review of these measurements is given. Implications of the measurements are discussed. ... More
Correlation between the charged kaon ratio and the baryon phase-space density in heavy-ion collisionsNov 12 1999Oct 04 2000It is found that the baryon phase-space density obtained from the ratio of deuteron to proton yields is nearly constant over centrality in Au+Au collisions at the AGS. The finding offers an explanation for the puzzling centrality independence of the ratio ... More
A sufficient condition for a balanced bipartite digraph to be hamiltonianJun 26 2015Oct 19 2016We describe a new type of sufficient condition for a balanced bipartite digraph to be hamiltonian. Let $D$ be a balanced bipartite digraph and $x,y$ be distinct vertices in $D$. $\{x, y\}$ dominates a vertex $z$ if $x\rightarrow z$ and $y\rightarrow z$; ... More
A note on the semi-negative curvature property of a manifold with a flat Higgs bundleAug 02 2016We shall prove a semi-negative curvature property for a manifold with a flat admissible Higgs bundle.
Deformation of singular connections I: $G_{2}-$instantons with point singularitiesFeb 18 2016Mar 03 2016In dimension 7, we establish a Fredholm theory for a Dirac-type operator associated to a connection with point singularities. There are two applications. $1$. over a closed 7-manifold, under some natural conditions, a $G_{2}-$instanton and its point singularities ... More
Electrically tunable topological superconductivity and Majorana fermions in two dimensionsAug 17 2016Nov 19 2016The external controllability of topological superconductors and Majorana fermions would be important both for fundamental and practical interests. Here we predict the electric-field control of Majorana fermions in two-dimensional topological superconductors ... More
Holographic equipartition from first order actionSep 11 2016In this paper, we get the holographic equipartition form the first order formulism, that is, the connection and its conjugate momentum are considered to be the canonical variables. The final results have similar structure as those from the metric formulism. ... More
Figure of Merit for Dark Energy Constraints from Current Observational DataMar 31 2008Choosing the appropriate figure of merit (FoM) for dark energy (DE) constraints is key in comparing different DE experiments. Here we show that for a set of DE parameters {f_i}, it is most intuitive to define FoM = 1/\sqrt{Cov(f1,f2,f3,...)}, where Cov(f1,f2,f3,...) ... More
Model-Independent Distance Measurements from Gamma-Ray Bursts and Constraints on Dark EnergySep 03 2008Dec 16 2008Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRB) are the most energetic events in the Universe, and provide a complementary probe of dark energy by allowing the measurement of cosmic expansion history that extends to redshifts greater than 6. Unlike Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), ... More
Model-Independent Measurements of Cosmic Expansion and Growth at z=0.57 Using the Anisotropic Clustering of CMASS Galaxies From the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 9Apr 21 2014Jul 07 2014We analyze the anisotropic two dimensional galaxy correlation function (2DCF) of the CMASS galaxy sample from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 9 (DR9) of the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) data. Modeling the 2DCF fully including ... More
Torsion points on the cohomology jump loci of compact Kähler manifoldsDec 23 2013Nov 30 2015We prove that each irreducible component of the cohomology jump loci of rank one local systems over a compact K\"ahler manifold contains at least one torsion point. This generalizes a theorem of Simpson for smooth complex projective varieties. An immediate ... More
Rational curves on hypersurfacesOct 12 2014In this paper, we prove three related results; (1) Extension of our result in [10] to all generic hypersurfaces. More precisely, the normal sheaf of a generic rational map $c_0$ to a generic hypersurface $X_0$ of $\mathbf P^n, n\geq 4$ has a vanishing ... More
Decoherence of the two-level system coupled to a fermionic reservoir and the information transfer from it to the environmentDec 24 2010Feb 01 2011We study the evolution of reduced density matrix of an impurity coupled to a Fermi sea after the coupling is switched on at time $t=0$. We find the non-diagonal elements of the reduced density matrix decay exponentially, and the decay constant is the ... More
Belief Revision in Probability TheoryMar 06 2013In a probability-based reasoning system, Bayes' theorem and its variations are often used to revise the system's beliefs. However, if the explicit conditions and the implicit conditions of probability assignments `me properly distinguished, it follows ... More
Electron spin and the origin of Bio-homochirality I. Extant enzymatic reaction modelSep 05 2013Jul 05 2016In this paper, I tentatively put forward a new hypothesis that the emergence of a single chiral form of biomolecules in living organisms is specifically determined by the electron spin state during their enzyme-catalyzed synthesis processes. Specifically ... More
Some issues about neutrino processes in color superconducting quark matterJul 10 2006Several relevant issues in computing neutrino emissivity in Urca processes in color superconducting quark matter are addressed. These include: (1) The constraint on $u$ quark abundance is given from electric neutrality and the triangle relation among ... More
Some properties of Hamiltonian homeomorphisms on closed aspherical surfacesFeb 07 2016Jun 13 2016On closed symplectically aspherical manifolds, Schwarz proved a classical result that the action function of a nontrivial Hamiltonian diffeomorphism is not constant by using Floer homology. In this article, we generalize Schwarz's theorem to the $C^0$-case ... More
Optimality of Myopic Policy for Restless Multiarmed Bandit with Imperfect ObservationJan 31 2016We consider the scheduling problem concerning N projects. Each project evolves as a multi-state Markov process. At each time instant, one project is scheduled to work, and some reward depending on the state of the chosen project is obtained. The objective ... More
Content-based Multi-media Retrieval TechnologyAug 15 2012This paper gives a summary of the content-based Image Retrieval and Content-based Audio Retrieval, which are two parts of the Content-based Retrieval. Content-based Retrieval is the retrieval based on the features of the content. Generally, it is a way ... More