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Microlensing under ShearAug 18 2007We investigate the distortions due to this shear in the microlensing light curves and in the astrometric microlensing centroid shift trajectories. As expected, the light curve deviation increases as the shear increases and the impact parameter decreases. ... More

Detection Probability of a Low-Mass Planet for Triple Lens Events: Implication of Properties of Binary-Lens SuperpositionOct 27 2010In view of the assumption that any planetary system is likely to be composed of more than one planet, and the multiple planet system with a large mass planet has more chance of detailed follow-up observations, the multiple planet system may be an efficient ... More

Microlensing Optical Depth Revisited with Recent Star CountsAug 19 2008More reliable constraints on the microlensing optical depth comes from a better understanding of the Galactic model. Based on well-constrained Galactic bulge and disk models constructed from survey observations, such as, HST, 2MASS, and SDSS, we calculate ... More

Generalized spin-dependent WIMP-nucleus interactions and the DAMA modulation effectMay 08 2015Guided by non-relativistic Effective Field Theory (EFT) we classify the most general spin-dependent interactions between a fermionic Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) and nuclei, and within this class of models we discuss the viability of an ... More

Limits of Binaries That Can Be Characterized by Gravitational MicrolensingAug 15 2008Due to the high efficiency of planet detections, current microlensing planet searches focus on high-magnification events. High-magnification events are sensitive to remote binary companions as well and thus a sample of wide-separation binaries are expected ... More

Effective Potential for Uniform Magnetic Fields through Pauli InteractionNov 13 2006Jan 14 2007We have calculated the explicit form of the real and imaginary parts of the effective potential for uniform magnetic fields which interact with spin-1/2 fermions through the Pauli interaction. It is found that the non-vanishing imaginary part develops ... More

Properties of Central Caustics in Planetary MicrolensingMay 18 2005May 20 2005To maximize the number of planet detections, current microlensing follow-up observations are focusing on high-magnification events which have a higher chance of being perturbed by central caustics. In this paper, we investigate the properties of central ... More

Data Transmission with Reduced Delay for Distributed Acoustic SensorsOct 08 2015Nov 05 2015This paper proposes a channel access control scheme fit to dense acoustic sensor nodes in a sensor network. In the considered scenario, multiple acoustic sensor nodes within communication range of a cluster head are grouped into clusters. Acoustic sensor ... More

$φN$ photoproduction coupled with the $KΛ^*$ channelOct 25 2013We present in this talk a recent investigation on $\phi$ photoproduction, emphasizing the rescattering effects of the $K\Lambda^*$ channel near the threshold region. We discuss the results of the differential cross section and the angular distributions. ... More

Current-driven domain wall motion with spin Hall effect: Reduction of threshold current densityMar 26 2013We theoretically study the current-driven domain wall motion in the presence of both the spin Hall effect and an extrinsic pinning potential. The spin Hall effect mainly affects the damping ratio of the domain wall precession in the pinning potential. ... More

Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulations of Thermal-Gravitational Instability in Protogalactic Halo EnvironmentJun 08 2005We study thermal-gravitational instability in simplified models for protogalactic halos using three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations. The simulations followed the evolution of gas with radiative cooling down to T = 10^4 K, background heating, and ... More

Enhancing entanglement detection of quantum optical frequency combs via stimulated emissionFeb 12 2019We investigate the performance of a certain nonclassicality identifier, expressed via integrated second-order intensity moments of optical fields, in revealing bipartite entanglement of quantum-optical frequency combs (QOFCs), which are generated in both ... More

Enhancing entanglement detection of quantum optical frequency combs via stimulated emissionFeb 12 2019Mar 26 2019We investigate the performance of a certain nonclassicality identifier, expressed via integrated second-order intensity moments of optical fields, in revealing bipartite entanglement of quantum-optical frequency combs (QOFCs), which are generated in both ... More

The H Beta Index as an Age Indicator of Old Stellar Systems: The Effects of Horizontal-Branch StarsApr 18 2000The strength of the H$\beta$ index has been computed for the integrated spectra of model globular clusters from the evolutionary population synthesis. These models take into account, for the first time, the detailed systematic variation of horizontal-branch ... More

Explaining DAMA with proton-philic spin-dependent inelastic Dark Matter (pSIDM): a frequentist analysisJan 09 2018Proton-philic spin-dependent inelastic Dark Matter is a Weakly Inelastic Massive Particle scenario that can explain the DAMA yearly modulation effect in compliance with the constraints from other direct detection Dark Matter searches. We obtain updated ... More

Non-standard scaling laws of WIMP-nucleus interactions in WIMP direct detectionOct 25 2018Guided by the non-relativistic effective field theory of interactions between Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) of spin 1/2 and nuclei we study direct detection exclusion plots for an example of non-standard spin-dependent interaction and compare ... More

Proton-philic spin-dependent inelastic Dark Matter (pSIDM) as a viable explanation of DAMA/LIBRA-phase2Oct 23 2018Feb 06 2019We show that the Weakly Interacting Massive Particle scenario of proton-philic spin-dependent inelastic Dark Matter (pSIDM) can still provide a viable explanation of the observed DAMA modulation amplitude in compliance with the constraints from other ... More

Laser induced birefringence in a wavelength-mismatched cascade system of inhomogeneously broadened Yb atomsNov 03 2004We report the observation of laser induced birefringence (LIB) in a wavelength-mismatched cascade system (J=0 \leftrightarrow J=1 \leftrightarrow J=0 transitions) of inhomogeneously broadened ytterbium atoms with strong pump and probe fields. We investigate ... More

User Centric Content Management System for Open IPTV Over SNS (ICTC2012)Mar 14 2015Coupled schemes between service-oriented architecture (SOA) and Web 2.0 have recently been researched. Web-based content providers and telecommunications company (Telecom) based Internet protocol television (IPTV) providers have struggled against each ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-1820 and KMT-2016-BLG-2142: Two Microlensing Binaries Composed of Planetary-mass Companions and Very-Low-Mass PrimariesMay 25 2018Sep 18 2018We present the analyses of two short-timescale $(t_{\rm E} \sim 5~{\rm days})$ microlensing events, KMT-2016-BLG-1820 and KMT-2016-BLG-2142. In both light curves, the brief anomalies were clearly captured and densely covered by the Korea Microlensing ... More

Properties of microlensing events by wide separation planets with a moonJun 02 2016We investigate the properties of microlensing events caused by planetary systems where planets with a moon are widely separated from their host stars. From this investigation, we find that the moon feature generally appears as an very short-duration perturbation ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-1107: A New Hollywood-Planet Close/Wide DegeneracyMay 22 2018Nov 13 2018We show that microlensing event KMT-2016-BLG-1107 displays a new type of degeneracy between wide-binary and close-binary Hollywood events in which a giant-star source envelops the planetary caustic. The planetary anomaly takes the form of a smooth, two-day ... More

Kmt-2016-blg-1397b: Kmtnet-only discovery of a microlens giant planetOct 25 2018We report the discovery of a giant planet in the KMT-2016-BLG-1397 microlensing event, which was found by The Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) alone. The time scale of this event is t_E = 40.0 +- 0.5 days and the mass ratio between the lens ... More

The Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) Alert Algorithm and Alert SystemJun 20 2018We describe a new microlensing-event alert algorithm that is tailored to the Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) multi-observatory system. The algorithm focuses on detecting "rising" events, i.e., events whose brightness is increasing as a function ... More

Magnetic susceptibility of the QCD vacuum at finite quark-chemical potentialApr 01 2008May 07 2009We investigate the QCD magnetic susceptibility chi at the finite quark-chemical potential (mu>0) and at zero temperature (T=0) to explore the pattern of the magnetic phase transition of the QCD vacuum. For this purpose, we employ the nonlocal chiral quark ... More

Quasi-Scarred Resonances in a Spiral-Shaped MicrocavityMar 15 2004Sep 06 2004We study resonance patterns of a spiral-shaped dielectric microcavity with chaotic ray dynamics. Many resonance patterns of this microcavity, with refractive indices $n=2$ and 3, exhibit strong localization of simple geometric shape, and we call them ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-2052L: Microlensing Binary Composed of M Dwarfs Revealed from a Very Long Time-scale EventJul 30 2018We present the analysis of a binary microlensing event KMT-2016-BLG-2052, for which the lensing-induced brightening of the source star lasted for 2 seasons. We determine the lens mass from the combined measurements of the microlens parallax $\pie$ and ... More

KMT-2017-BLG-0165Lb: A Super-Neptune mass planet Orbiting a Sun-like Host StarSep 05 2018Dec 27 2018We report the discovery of a low mass-ratio planet $(q = 1.3\times10^{-4})$, i.e., 2.5 times higher than the Neptune/Sun ratio. The planetary system was discovered from the analysis of the KMT-2017-BLG-0165 microlensing event, which has an obvious short-term ... More

Horizontal-Branch Stars as an Age IndicatorJun 18 1999Surface temperature distribution of horizontal-branch (HB) stars is very sensitive to age in old stellar systems, which makes it an attractive age indicator. In this paper, we present the recent revision of our model calculations for the HB morphology ... More

Comment on "Quasi-One-Dimensional Metal-Insulator Transitions in Compound Semiconductor Surfaces"Nov 25 2016May 10 2017In a recent Letter, Zhao et al. [1] reported the origin of quasi-one-dimensional metal-insulator (MI) transitions in compound semiconductor surfaces. Based on a density-functional theory (DFT) calculation within the generalized gradient approximation ... More

Phosphorus in the Young Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia ADec 13 2013Phosphorus ($^{31}$P), which is essential for life, is thought to be synthesized in massive stars and dispersed into interstellar space when these stars explode as supernovae (SNe). Here we report on near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the young ... More

Disjoint Multi-task Learning between Heterogeneous Human-centric TasksFeb 14 2018Human behavior understanding is arguably one of the most important mid-level components in artificial intelligence. In order to efficiently make use of data, multi-task learning has been studied in diverse computer vision tasks including human behavior ... More

Correlations Between Planetary Microlensing ParametersSep 02 2010Characterization of microlensing planets requires modeling of observed light curves including many parameters. Studying the dependency of the pattern of light curves on the lensing parameters and the correlations between the parameters is important to ... More

Deep learning-enabled image quality control in tomographic reconstruction: Robust optical diffraction tomographyMar 05 2019In tomographic reconstruction, the image quality of the reconstructed images can be significantly degraded by defects in the measured two-dimensional (2D) raw image data. Despite the importance of screening defective 2D images for robust tomographic reconstruction, ... More

Energy-Based Sequence GANs for Recommendation and Their Connection to Imitation LearningJun 28 2017Recommender systems aim to find an accurate and efficient mapping from historic data of user-preferred items to a new item that is to be liked by a user. Towards this goal, energy-based sequence generative adversarial nets (EB-SeqGANs) are adopted for ... More

A Deep Near-Infrared [Fe II]+[Si I] Emission Line Image of the Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia ASep 21 2018We present a long-exposure (~10 hr) image of the supernova (SN) remnant Cassiopeia A (Cas A) obtained with the UKIRT 3.8-m telescope using a narrow band filter centered at 1.644 um emission. The passband contains [Fe II] 1.644 um and [Si I] 1.645 um lines, ... More

Intraoperative margin assessment of human breast tissue in optical coherence tomography images using deep neural networksMar 31 2017Objective: In this work, we perform margin assessment of human breast tissue from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images using deep neural networks (DNNs). This work simulates an intraoperative setting for breast cancer lumpectomy. Methods: To train ... More

Mechanical force involved multiple fields switching of both local ferroelectric and magnetic domain in a Bi5Ti3FeO15 thin filmSep 26 2016Multiferroics have received intense attention due to their great application potential in multi-state information storage devices and new types of sensors. Coupling among ferroic orders such as ferroelectricity, (anti-)ferromagnetism, ferroelasticity, ... More

Giant nonreciprocal emission of spin waves in Ta/Py bilayersOct 22 2016Spin waves are propagating disturbances in the magnetization of magnetic materials. One of their interesting properties is the nonreciprocity, exhibiting that their amplitude depends on the magnetization direction. Nonreciprocity in spin waves is of great ... More

Training-Free Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring of Electric Vehicle Charging with Low Sampling RateApr 20 2014Aug 07 2014Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) is an important topic in smart-grid and smart-home. Many energy disaggregation algorithms have been proposed to detect various individual appliances from one aggregated signal observation. However, few works studied ... More

Exploring anti-reflection modes in disordered mediaAug 29 2013Sensing and manipulating targets hidden under scattering media are universal problems that take place in applications ranging from deep-tissue optical imaging to laser surgery. A major issue in these applications is the shallow light penetration caused ... More

MOA-2016-BLG-319Lb: Microlensing Planet Subject to Rare Minor-Image Perturbation Degeneracy in Determining Planet ParameterSep 21 2018We present the analysis of the planetary microlensing event MOA-2016-BLG-319. The event light curve is characterized by a brief ($\sim 3$ days) anomaly near the peak produced by minor-image perturbations. From modeling, we find two distinct solutions ... More

End-to-end losses based on speaker basis vectors and all-speaker hard negative mining for speaker verificationFeb 07 2019In recent years, speaker verification has been primarily performed using deep neural networks that are trained to output embeddings from input features such as spectrograms or filterbank energies. Therefore, studies have been conducted to design various ... More

The Limited Impact of Outflows: Integral-Field Spectroscopy of 20 Local AGNsFeb 07 2017To investigate AGN outflows as a tracer of AGN feedback on star-formation, we perform integral-field spectroscopy of 20 type 2 AGNs at z<0.1, which are luminous AGNs with the [O III] luminosity >10$^{41.5}$ erg/s, and exhibit strong outflow signatures ... More

Internal Redox Couple in Silicon-Graphite Anode and its Influence on Degradation of AnodeJan 06 2019Recent demands for long range electric vehicles have insisted on high capacity lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) by blending of silicon with graphite. In order to enhance the cell performance, it is important to understand interaction of lithium-ion movements ... More

Far-Ultraviolet Cooling Features of the Antlia Supernova RemnantOct 08 2007Oct 09 2007We present far-ultraviolet observations of the Antlia supernova remnant obtained with Far-ultraviolet IMaging Spectrograph (FIMS, also called SPEAR). The strongest lines observed are C IV 1548,1551 and C III 977. The C IV emission of this mixed-morphology ... More

A Planetary lensing feature in caustic-crossing high-magnification microlensing eventsMar 19 2012Current microlensing follow-up observations focus on high-magnification events because of the high efficiency of planet detection. However, central perturbations of high-magnification events caused by a planet can also be produced by a very close or a ... More

A New Application of the Astrometric Method to Break Severe Degeneracies in Binary Microlensing EventsJan 28 2009Jan 29 2009When a source star is microlensed by one stellar component of a widely separated binary stellar components, after finishing the lensing event, the event induced by the other binary star can be additionally detected. In this paper, we investigate whether ... More

Microlensing by a wide-separation planet: detectability and boundnessJun 05 2013We explore the detection condition of a wide-separation planet through the perturbation induced by the planetary caustic for various microlensing parameters, especially for the size of the source stars. By constructing the fractional deviation maps at ... More

VPGNet: Vanishing Point Guided Network for Lane and Road Marking Detection and RecognitionOct 17 2017In this paper, we propose a unified end-to-end trainable multi-task network that jointly handles lane and road marking detection and recognition that is guided by a vanishing point under adverse weather conditions. We tackle rainy and low illumination ... More

Small anisotropy of the lower critical field and $s_\pm$-wave two-gap feature in single crystal LiFeAsJul 28 2010Apr 13 2011The in- and out-of-plane lower critical fields and magnetic penetration depths for LiFeAs were examined. The anisotropy ratio $\gamma_{H_{c1}}(0)$ is smaller than the expected theoretical value, and increased slightly with increasing temperature from ... More

Spitzer Microlensing of MOA-2016-BLG-231L : A Counter-Rotating Brown Dwarf Binary in the Galactic DiskFeb 08 2019Feb 12 2019We analyze the binary microlensing event MOA-2016-BLG-231, which was observed from the ground and from Spitzer. The lens is composed of very low-mass brown dwarfs (BDs) with $M_1 = 21^{+12}_{-5} \ M_J$ and $M_2 = 9^{+5}_{-2}\ M_J$, and it is located in ... More

OGLE-2018-BLG-0022: First Prediction of an Astrometric Microlensing Signal from a Photometric Microlensing EventMar 30 2019Apr 04 2019In this work, we present the analysis of the binary microlensing event OGLE-2018-BLG-0022 that is detected toward the Galactic bulge field. The dense and continuous coverage with the high-quality photometry data from ground-based observations combined ... More

OGLE-2016-BLG-0156: Microlensing Event With Pronounced Microlens-Parallax Effects Yielding Precise Lens Mass MeasurementJan 19 2019We analyze the gravitational binary-lensing event OGLE-2016-BLG-0156, for which the lensing light curve displays pronounced deviations induced by microlens-parallax effects. The light curve exhibits 3 distinctive widely-separated peaks and we find that ... More

$Spitzer$ Microlensing Parallax for OGLE-2017-BLG-0896 Reveals a Counter-Rotating Low-Mass Brown DwarfMay 22 2018Jan 18 2019The kinematics of isolated brown dwarfs in the Galaxy, beyond the solar neighborhood, is virtually unknown. Microlensing has the potential to probe this hidden population, as it can measure both the mass and five of the six phase-space coordinates (all ... More

A Cold Neptune Beyond the Snow Line in the Provisional $\textit{WFIRST}$ FieldSep 28 2018We present the analysis of the microlensing event OGLE-2015-BLG-1670, detected in a high extinction field, very close to the Galactic plane. Due to the dust extinction along the line of sight, this event was too faint to be detected before it reached ... More

Confining non-analytic exponential potential $V(x)= g^2\exp\,(2|x|)$ and its exact Bessel-function solvabilityNov 08 2016In a previous paper we have shown that Schr\"{o}dinger equation with the non-analytic attractive exponential potential $V(x)= -g^2\exp (-|x|)$ is exactly solvable. It has finitely many discrete eigenstates described by the Bessel function of the first ... More

Local Area Transform for Cross-Modality Correspondence Matching and Deep Scene RecognitionJan 03 2019Establishing correspondences is a fundamental task in variety of image processing and computer vision applications. In particular, finding the correspondences between a non-linearly deformed image pair induced by different modality conditions is a challenging ... More

Probing Pores Using Elementary Quantum MechanicsOct 30 2000The relaxation of polarized spins in a porous medium has been utilized as a probe of its structure. We note that the governing diffusion problem has a close parallel to that of a particle in a box, an elementary Quantum mechanics toy model. Following ... More

Congestion Control and Routing over Challenged NetworksJan 19 2012This dissertation is a study on the design and analysis of novel, optimal routing and rate control algorithms in wireless, mobile communication networks. Congestion control and routing algorithms upto now have been designed and optimized for wired or ... More

Stable systolic category of the product of spheresJul 17 2010The stable systolic category of a closed manifold M indicates the complexity in the sense of volume. This is a homotopy invariant, even though it is defined by some relations between homological volumes on M. We show an equality of the stable systolic ... More

Exactly Solvable Birth and Death ProcessesMar 18 2009Many examples of exactly solvable birth and death processes, a typical stationary Markov chain, are presented together with the explicit expressions of the transition probabilities. They are derived by similarity transforming exactly solvable `matrix' ... More

Gravitational Microlensing: A Tool for Detecting and Characterizing Free-Floating PlanetsNov 18 2003Various methods have been proposed to search for extrasolar planets. Compared to the other methods, microlensing has unique applicabilities to the detections of Earth-mass and free-floating planets. However, the microlensing method is seriously flawed ... More

Theoretical Modeling of ME effect at Low frequency and Resonance Frequency for Magnetoelectric Laminates with Anisotropic Piezoelectric PropertiesNov 29 2012Dec 09 2012A new theory is developed for the magnetoelectric (ME) coupling in a symmetric 2-2 ME laminate having a representative piezoelectric crystal (PMN-PT) particularly with anisotropic piezoelectric properties. Considering the average field method, the theoretical ... More

U-duality between Three and Higher Dimensional Black HolesApr 01 1997We show that the D-brane configurations for the five and four-dimensional black holes give the geometry of two and three-dimensional ones as well. The emergence of these lower dimensional black holes from the D-brane configurations for those of higher ... More

The Supercharges of Eleven-dimensional Supergraviton on Gravitational Wave BackgroundSep 16 1999We find the explicit expression of the supercharges of eleven dimensional supergraviton on the background geometry of gravitational waves in asymptotically light-like compactified spacetime. We perform the calculations order by order in the fermions $\p$, ... More

Search for an exotic light particle at BelleJun 05 2010Jun 11 2010The HyperCP experiment reported the observation of three events for the $\Sigma^+ \rightarrow p \mu^+\mu^-$ decay. The dimuon masses of the observed events are clustered within the detector resolution of 1 MeV/$c^2$. These decays might be interpreted ... More

Discovery of a Supercluster at $z\sim$0.91 and Testing the $Λ$CDM Cosmological ModelApr 12 2016The $\Lambda$CDM cosmological model successfully reproduces many aspects of the galaxy and structure formation of the universe. However, the growth of large-scale structures (LSSs) in the early universe is not well tested yet with observational data. ... More

Black hole dynamics from thermodynamics in Anti-de Sitter spaceJun 29 2001Jan 25 2002We work on the relation between the local thermodynamic instability and the dynamical instability of large black holes in four-dimensional anti-de Sitter space proposed by Gubser and Mitra. We find that all perturbations suppressing the metric fluctuations ... More

From Lagrangian to Hamiltonian formulations of the Palatini actionJan 05 2019We work on the Lagrangian and the Hamiltonian formulations of the Palatini action. In the Lagrangian formulation, we find that we need to assume the metric compatibility and the torsion zero or to assume the tetrad compatibility to describe General Relativity. ... More

Magnetic Domain-Wall Tilting due to Domain-Wall Speed AsymmetryApr 27 2017Jun 26 2017Chiral magnetic materials provide a number of challenging issues such as the highly efficient domain wall (DW) and skyrmion motions driven by electric current, as of the operation principles of emerging spintronic devices. The DWs in the chiral materials ... More

Absolute frequency measurement of 1S0 (F = 1/2) - 3P0 (F = 1/2) transition of 171Yb atoms in a one-dimensional optical lattice at KRISSDec 27 2011Jan 25 2013We measured the absolute frequency of the optical clock transition 1S0 (F = 1/2) - 3P0 (F = 1/2) of 171Yb atoms confined in a one-dimensional optical lattice and it was determined to be 518 295 836 590 863.5(8.1) Hz. The frequency was measured against ... More

Lagrangian formulation of the Palatini actionMay 05 2018Jul 01 2018We work on the Lagrangian formulation of the Palatini action. We find that we must assume the metric compatibility condition for the Palatini action to describe General Relativity, which condition should hold in quantization. We find that we must also ... More

SYK Models and SYK-like Tensor Models with Global SymmetryJul 06 2017Aug 07 2017In this paper, we study an SYK model and an SYK-like tensor model with global symmetry. First, we study the large $N$ expansion of the bi-local collective action for the SYK model with manifest global symmetry. We show that the global symmetry is enhanced ... More

Spectrum of Projective Plane Curve Arrangements with Ordinary SingularitiesApr 11 2018Feb 15 2019The Hodge spectrum is an important analytic invariant of singularities encoding the Hodge filtration and the monodromy of the Milnor fiber. Explicit formulas exist for only a few cases. In this article the main result is a combinatorial formula for homogeneous ... More

Wireless Power Transfer for High-precision Position Detection of Railroad VehiclesAug 31 2015Detection of vehicle position is critical for successful operation of intelligent transportation system. In case of railroad transportation systems, position information of railroad vehicles can be detected by GPS, track circuits, and so on. In this paper, ... More

Oxygen Partial Pressure during Pulsed Laser Deposition: Deterministic Role on Thermodynamic Stability of Atomic Termination Sequence at SrRuO3/BaTiO3 InterfaceAug 10 2017With recent trends on miniaturizing oxide-based devices, the need for atomic-scale control of surface/interface structures by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) has increased. In particular, realizing uniform atomic termination at the surface/interface is ... More

The Dark Energy Regulated by Emergent Conformal SymmetryAug 22 2013Aug 28 2013We have found a mechanism which regulates the dark energy in our universe. With an emergent conformal symmetry, the dark energy density is regulated to the order of a conformal anomaly parameter in the conformally coupled gravity. In the late time cosmological ... More

Approximation of the naive black hole degeneracyOct 31 2012In 1996, Rovelli suggested a connection between black hole entropy and the area spectrum. Using this formalism and a theorem we prove in this paper, we briefly show the procedure to calculate the quantum corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. ... More

Quantum corrections to the Hawking radiation spectrumOct 30 2012May 11 2016In 1995, Bekenstein and Mukhanov suggested that the Hawking radiation spectrum was discrete if the area spectrum was quantized in such a way that the allowed areas were integer multiples of a single unit area. However, in 1996, Barreira, Carfora, and ... More

Dark Energy Regulation with Approximate Emergent Conformal SymmetryJun 22 2009Aug 28 2013A cosmic potential which can relax the vacuum energy is proposed in a framework of scalar-tensor gravity. In the phase of the gravity scalar field around the evolution with an approximate emergent conformal symmetry, we have obtained a set of cosmological ... More

UKIRT Widefield Infrared Survey for Fe$^+$Jun 17 2014The United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) Widefield Infrared Survey for Fe$^+$ (UWIFE) is a 180 deg$^2$ imaging survey of the first Galactic quadrant (7$^{\circ}$ < l < 62$^{\circ}$; |b| < 1.5$^{\circ}$) using a narrow-band filter centered on the ... More

New approaches in the analysis of Dark Matter direct detection data: scratching below the surface of the most general WIMP parameter spaceDec 29 2015We show that compatibility between the DAMA modulation result (as well as less statistically significant excesses such as the CDMS Silicon effect and the excess claimed by CRESST) with constraints from other experiments can be achieved by extending the ... More

Fermion Production in Strong Magnetic Field and its Astrophysical ImplicationsOct 09 2007We calculate the effective potential of a strong magnetic field induced by fermions with anomalous magnetic moments which couple to the electromagnetic field in the form of the Pauli interaction. For a uniform magnetic field, we find the explicit form ... More

Production of Neutral Fermion in Linear Magnetic Field through Pauli InteractionOct 21 2005Jan 11 2006We calculate the production rate of neutral fermions in linear magnetic fields through the Pauli interaction. It is found that the production rate is exponentially decreasing function with respect to the inverse of the magnetic field gradient, which shows ... More

OGLE-2017-BLG-1186: first application of asteroseismology and Gaussian processes to microlensingApr 16 2019We present the analysis of the event OGLE-2017-BLG-1186 from the 2017 $Spitzer$ microlensing campaign. This event is remarkable because its source is photometrically variable. We perform an asteroseismic analysis of the source star and find that it is ... More

Effective scalar four-fermion interaction for Ge-phobic exothermic dark matter and the CDMS-II Silicon excessOct 28 2014Feb 02 2015We discuss within the framework of effective four-fermion scalar interaction the phenomenology of a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) Dirac Dark Matter candidate which is exothermic (i.e. is metastable and interacts with nuclear targets down-scattering ... More

Distributed Kalman-filtering: Distributed optimization viewpointMar 19 2019We consider the Kalman-filtering problem with multiple sensors which are connected through a communication network. If all measurements are delivered to one place called fusion center and processed together, we call the process centralized Kalman-filtering ... More

Zero-energy edge states and chiral symmetry breaking at edges of graphite sheetsNov 26 2003Two-dimensional graphite sheets with a certain type of edges are known to support boundary states localized near the edges. Forming a flat band with a sharp peak in the density of states at the Fermi energy, they can trigger a magnetic instability or ... More

Correlation effects of carbon nanotubes at boundaries: Spin polarization induced by zero-energy boundary statesNov 01 2002Apr 28 2003When a carbon nanotube is truncated with a certain type of edges, boundary states localized near the edges appear at the fermi level. Starting from lattice models, low energy effective theories are constructed which describe electron correlation effects ... More

Numerical Replica Limit for the Density Correlation of the Random Dirac FermionDec 13 2000The zero mode wave function of a massless Dirac fermion in the presence of a random gauge field is studied. The density correlation function is calculated numerically and found to exhibit power law in the weak randomness with the disorder dependent exponent. ... More

Zero-energy edge states and their origin in particle-hole symmetric systems: symmetry and topologyNov 18 2003We propose a criterion to determine the existence of zero-energy edge states for a class of particle-hole symmetric systems. A loop is assigned for each system, and its topology and a symmetry play an essential role. Applications to d-wave superconductors ... More

Curved Radio Spectra of Weak Cluster ShocksMay 16 2015Jul 24 2015In order to understand certain observed features of arc-like giant radio relics such as the rareness, uniform surface brightness, and curved integrated spectra, we explore a diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) model for radio relics in which a spherical ... More

Diffusive Shock Acceleration in Test-Particle RegimeAug 03 2010We examine the test-particle solution for diffusive shock acceleration, based on simple models for thermal leakage injection and Alfv'enic drift. The critical injection rate, \xi_c, above which the cosmic ray (CR) pressure becomes dynamically significant, ... More

Faraday Rotation Measure due to the Intergalactic Magnetic Field II: the Cosmological ContributionJul 01 2011We investigate the Faraday rotation measure (RM) due to the intergalactic magnetic field (IGMF) through the cosmic web up to cosmological distances, using a model IGMF based on turbulence dynamo in the large-scale structure of the universe. By stacking ... More

Holographic Derivation of Entanglement Entropy from AdS/CFTFeb 28 2006Mar 07 2006A holographic derivation of the entanglement entropy in quantum (conformal) field theories is proposed from AdS/CFT correspondence. We argue that the entanglement entropy in d+1 dimensional conformal field theories can be obtained from the area of d dimensional ... More

Magnetization Jump in a Model for Flux Lattice Melting at Low Magnetic FieldsMar 29 1997May 13 1997Using a frustrated XY model on a lattice with open boundary conditions, we numerically study the magnetization change near a flux lattice melting transition at low fields. In both two and three dimensions, we find that the melting transition is followed ... More

Diffusive Shock Acceleration at Cosmological Shock WavesDec 13 2012We reexamine nonlinear diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) at cosmological shocks in the large scale structure of the Universe, incorporating wave-particle interactions that are expected to operate in collisionless shocks. Adopting simple phenomenological ... More

Cosmic Shock Waves on Large Scales of the UniverseFeb 05 1997In the standard theory of the large scale structure formation, matter accretes onto high density perturbations via gravitational instability. Collisionless dark matter forms caustics around such structures, while collisional baryonic matter forms accretion ... More

Accreting Matter around Clusters of Galaxies: One-Dimensional ConsiderationsAug 13 1996During the formation of the large scale structure of the Universe, matter accretes onto high density peaks. Accreting collisionless dark matter (DM) forms caustics around them, while accreting collisional baryonic matter (BM) forms accretion shocks. The ... More