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Von Neumann CategoriesSep 01 2012In this paper, we introduce the notion of a von Neumann category, as a generalization and categorification of von Neumann algebra. A von Neumann category is a premonoidal category with compatible dagger structure which embeds as a double commutant into ... More

High-contrast Imager for Complex Aperture Telescopes (HiCAT): 6. Software Control Infrastructure and CalibrationMar 07 2019High contrast imaging using coronagraphy is one of the main avenues to enable the search for life on extrasolar Earth analogs. The HiCAT testbed aims to demonstrate coronagraphy and wavefront control for segmented on-axis space telescopes as envisioned ... More

PMC text mining subset in BioC: 2.3 million full text articles and growingApr 16 2018Interest in full text mining biomedical research articles is growing. NCBI provides the PMC Open Access and Author Manuscript sets of articles which are available for text mining. We have made all of these articles available in BioC, an XML and JSON format ... More

Selection Effects in the SDSS Quasar Sample: The Filter Gap FootprintNov 30 2009In the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) quasars are targeted using colors and anything that can cause the identifying characteristics of the colors to disappear can create problems in the source selection process. Quasar spectra contain strong emission ... More

More Evidence for an Oscillation Superimposed on the Hubble FlowAug 12 2013In a recent investigation evidence was presented for a low-level sinusoidal oscillation superimposed on top of the Hubble flow. This oscillation was in V$_{CMB}$, in a sample of type Ia Supernovae sources with accurate distances, and it was found to have ... More

Intrinsic Redshifts in QSOs Near NGC 6212Jun 02 2003The high number of QSOs around NGC 6212 allows a correlation analysis to be carried out between their redshift distribution and the redshift distributions predicted by intrinsic redshift models. We find no correlation between the QSO redshift distribution ... More

On The Depolarization Asymmetry Seen in Giant Radio LobesNov 22 2012The depolarization asymmetry seen in double-lobed radio sources, referred to as the Laing-Garrington (L-G) effect where more rapid depolarization is seen in the lobe with no visible jet as the wavelength increases, can be explained either by internal ... More

The Point of Origin of the Radio Radiation from the Unresolved Cores of Radio-Loud QuasarsOct 02 2009Locating the exact point of origin of the core radiation in active galactic nuclei (AGN) would represent important progress in our understanding of physical processes in the central engine of these objects. However, due to our inability to resolve the ... More

Further Evidence for Quantized Intrinsic Redshifts in Galaxies: Is the Great Attractor a Myth?May 07 2003Evidence was presented recently suggesting that the Fundamental Plane (FP) clusters studied in the Hubble Key Project may contain quantized intrinsic redshift components that are related to those reported by Tifft. Here we report the results of a similar ... More

Intrinsic Redshifts and the Hubble ConstantMay 05 2003We show that the V_CMB velocities of the Fundamental Plane (FP) clusters studied in the Hubble Key Project appear to contain the same discrete "velocities" found previously by us and by Tifft to be present in normal galaxies. Although there is a particular ... More

Further Results on a Function Relevant for Conformal BlocksFeb 22 2019We present further mathematical results on a function appearing in the conformal blocks of four-point correlation functions with arbitrary quasi-primary operators. The $H$-function was introduced in a previous article and it has several interesting properties. ... More

Evidence that the Bursting Component of the X-ray Radiation From 3C 111 Originates in the PC-Scale JetDec 20 2011Evidence is presented indicating that the bursting component of the X-ray radiation detected in the nuclear region of the active radio galaxy 3C 111 comes from the blobs ejected in the pc-scale jet and not from the accretion disc. After each new outburst ... More

Data-driven prediction strategies for low-frequency patterns of North Pacific climate variabilitySep 17 2015The North Pacific exhibits patterns of low-frequency variability on the intra-annual to decadal time scales, which manifest themselves in both model data and the observational record, and prediction of such low-frequency modes of variability is of great ... More

Discrete Components in the Radial Velocities of ScI GalaxiesJul 28 2004We examine the V_{CMB} velocities and Tully-Fisher distances of 83 ScI galaxies and find that their velocities contain the same discrete velocity components identified previously by Tifft. After removing the discrete velocity components, the scatter remaining ... More

PIPER: An FFT-based Protein Docking Program with Pairwise PotentialsMay 11 2006The Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) correlation approach to protein-protein docking can evaluate the energies of billions of docked conformations on a grid if the energy is described in the form of a correlation function. Here, this restriction is removed, ... More

Discrete Components in the Radial Velocities of 83 ScI Galaxies: Examining the Accuracy of Tully-Fisher DistancesDec 04 2003Our previous analyses of the redshifts and distances of galaxies included 55 spiral galaxies and 36 Type Ia Supernovae galaxies in three separate groups. All groups showed evidence that their radial velocities contain the same discrete velocity components ... More

Defining a Trend for a Time Series Which Makes Use of the Intrinsic Time-Scale DecompositionApr 15 2014We propose criteria that define a trend for time series with inherent multi-scale features. We call this trend the {\it tendency} of a time series. The tendency is defined empirically by a set of criteria and captures the large-scale temporal variability ... More

High-contrast imager for complex aperture telescopes (HiCAT): 5. first results with segmented-aperture coronagraph and wavefront controlMar 13 2019Segmented telescopes are a possibility to enable large-aperture space telescopes for the direct imaging and spectroscopy of habitable worlds. However, the complexity of their aperture geometry, due to the central obstruction, support structures and segment ... More

An optimization principle for the computation of MHD equilibria in the solar coronaDec 21 2006AIMS: We develop an optimization principle for computing stationary MHD equilibria. METHODS: Our code for the self-consistent computation of the coronal magnetic fields and the coronal plasma uses non-force-free MHD equilibria. Previous versions of the ... More

Probabilistic Reasoning about Actions in Nonmonotonic Causal TheoriesOct 19 2012We present the language {m P}{cal C}+ for probabilistic reasoning about actions, which is a generalization of the action language {cal C}+ that allows to deal with probabilistic as well as nondeterministic effects of actions. We define a formal semantics ... More

Two-Variable Logic with Two Order RelationsOct 07 2011Mar 03 2012It is shown that the finite satisfiability problem for two-variable logic over structures with one total preorder relation, its induced successor relation, one linear order relation and some further unary relations is EXPSPACE-complete. Actually, EXPSPACE-completeness ... More

Elagage d'un perceptron multicouches : utilisation de l'analyse de la variance de la sensibilité des paramètresDec 04 2008The stucture determination of a neural network for the modelisation of a system remain the core of the problem. Within this framework, we propose a pruning algorithm of the network based on the use of the analysis of the sensitivity of the variance of ... More

How deals with discrete data for the reduction of simulation models using neural networkJun 10 2009Simulation is useful for the evaluation of a Master Production/distribution Schedule (MPS). Also, the goal of this paper is the study of the design of a simulation model by reducing its complexity. According to theory of constraints, we want to build ... More

On the boundedness of an iteration involving points on the hypersphereJan 11 2010Oct 05 2010For a finite set of points $X$ on the unit hypersphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$ we consider the iteration $u_{i+1}=u_i+\chi_i$, where $\chi_i$ is the point of $X$ farthest from $u_i$. Restricting to the case where the origin is contained in the convex hull of ... More

Causes and Explanations in the Structural-Model Approach: Tractable CasesDec 12 2012In this paper, we continue our research on the algorithmic aspects of Halpern and Pearl's causes and explanations in the structural-model approach. To this end, we present new characterizations of weak causes for certain classes of causal models, which ... More

Dynamic Conjunctive QueriesApr 05 2017The article investigates classes of queries maintainable by conjunctive queries (CQs) and their extensions and restrictions in the dynamic complexity framework of Patnaik and Immerman. Starting from the basic language of quantifier-free conjunctions of ... More

Nef reduction and anticanonical bundlesOct 31 2003We investigate the structure of smooth projective 3-folds X with -K_X nef and K_X^3=0.

On the quantifier-free dynamic complexity of ReachabilityJun 13 2013Jan 28 2015The dynamic complexity of the reachability query is studied in the dynamic complexity framework of Patnaik and Immerman, restricted to quantifier-free update formulas. It is shown that, with this restriction, the reachability query cannot be dynamically ... More

Sélection de la structure d'un perceptron multicouches pour la réduction dun modèle de simulation d'une scierieDec 05 2008Simulation is often used to evaluate the relevance of a Directing Program of Production (PDP) or to evaluate its impact on detailed sc\'enarii of scheduling. Within this framework, we propose to reduce the complexity of a model of simulation by exploiting ... More

Infinite reduced words and the Tits boundary of a Coxeter groupJan 05 2013Sep 18 2014Let (W,S) be a finite rank Coxeter system with W infinite. We prove that the limit weak order on the blocks of infinite reduced words of W is encoded by the topology of the Tits boundary of the Davis complex X of W. We consider many special cases, including ... More

Spectral Correlations in the Crossover Transition from a Superposition of Harmonic Oscillators to the Gaussian Unitary EnsembleJul 20 1998We compute the spectral correlation functions for the transition from a harmonic oscillator towards the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (GUE). We use a variant of the supersymmetry method to obtain analytical results in a fast and elegant way. In contrast to ... More

Thermodynamic formalism for transport coefficients with an application to the shear modulus and shear viscosityDec 07 2016We discuss Onsager's thermodynamic formalism for transport coefficients and apply it to the calculation of the shear modulus and shear viscosity of a monodisperse system of repulsive particles. We focus on the concept of extensive "distance" and intensive ... More

Extremal t processes: Elliptical domain of attraction and a spectral representationJul 10 2012Mar 25 2013The extremal t process was proposed in the literature for modeling spatial extremes within a copula framework based on the extreme value limit of elliptical t distributions (Davison, Padoan and Ribatet (2012)). A major drawback of this max-stable model ... More

Modeling asymptotically independent spatial extremes based on Laplace random fieldsJul 09 2015Mar 08 2016We tackle the modeling of threshold exceedances in asymptotically independent stochastic processes by constructions based on Laplace random fields. These are defined as Gaussian random fields scaled with a stochastic variable following an exponential ... More

Guarantees in Wasserstein Distance for the Langevin Monte Carlo AlgorithmFeb 08 2016Jul 01 2016We study the problem of sampling from a distribution $\target$ using the Langevin Monte Carlo algorithm and provide rate of convergences for this algorithm in terms of Wasserstein distance of order $2$. Our result holds as long as the continuous diffusion ... More

A Classical Realizability Model arising from a Stable Model of Untyped Lambda CalculusJul 06 2014Aug 03 2016We study a classical realizability model (in the sense of J.-L. Krivine) arising from a model of untyped lambda calculus in coherence spaces. We show that this model validates countable choice using bar recursion and bar induction.

Backpropagation of Hebbian plasticity for lifelong learningSep 08 2016Hebbian plasticity allows biological agents to learn from their lifetime experience, extending the fixed information provided by evolutionary search. Conversely, backpropagation methods can build high-performance fixed-weights networks, but are not currently ... More

Minimal Lagrangian connections on compact surfacesSep 26 2016We classify the torsion-free minimal Lagrangian connections on the tangent bundle of a compact oriented surface of non-vanishing Euler characteristic.

Ensemble teleportationApr 15 2004The possibility of teleportation is by sure the most interesting consequence of quantum non-separability. So far, however, teleportation schemes have been formulated by use of state vectors and considering individual entities only. In the present article ... More

Branch dependence in the "consistent histories" approach to quantum mechanicsJun 07 2005Nov 12 2006In the consistent histories formalism one specifies a family of histories as an exhaustive set of pairwise exclusive descriptions of the dynamics of a quantum system. We define branching families of histories, which strike a middle ground between the ... More

For principled model fitting in mathematical biologyApr 21 2014The mathematical models used to capture features of complex, biological systems are typically non-linear, meaning that there are no generally valid simple relationships between their outputs and the data that might be used to validate them. This invalidates ... More

Lie algebra solution of population models based on time-inhomogeneous Markov chainsNov 23 2011Many natural populations are well modelled through time-inhomogeneous stochastic processes. Such processes have been analysed in the physical sciences using a method based on Lie algebras, but this methodology is not widely used for models with ecological, ... More

The Laura++ Dalitz plot fitterMar 02 2016The Laura++ software package is designed for performing fits of amplitude models to data from decays of spin-0 particles into final states containing three spin-0 particles - so-called Dalitz-plot analysis. An overview of the amplitude formalism and its ... More

Numerical Chladni figuresAug 26 2013Chladni patterns of vibrating membranes or thin plates faszinated the people already in the eighteenth century. As a simple way to visualize acoustic phenomena it is a valuable experiment for beginners' courses. In this paper I present NumChladni, an ... More

Homological Descent for Motivic Homology TheoriesJan 30 2014We show that motivic homology, motivic Borel-Moore homology and higher Chow groups satisfy homological descent for hyperenvelopes, and l-hyperenvelopes after inverting l.

Rojtman's theorem for normal schemesFeb 08 2014Feb 25 2015We show that Rojtman's theorem holds for normal schemes: For any reduced normal scheme of finite type over an algebraically closed field, the torsion of the zero'th Suslin homology group agrees with the torsion of the albanese variety (the universal object ... More

A counterexample to the (unstable) Gromov-Lawson-Rosenberg conjectureMar 03 2004Doing surgery on the 5-torus, we construct a 5-dimensional closed spin-manifold M with $\pi_1(M) = Z^4times Z/3$, so that the index invariant in the KO-theory of the reduced $C^*$-algebra of $\pi_1(M)$ is zero. Then we use the theory of minimal surfaces ... More

Operator algebras and topologySep 13 2002These notes cover the contents of three survey lectures held at the ICTP Trieste Summer school on High dimensional manifold theory 2001. They introduce techniques coming from the theory of operator algebras. We will focus on the basic definitions and ... More

L2-index theorem for manifolds with boundaryOct 21 1998Suppose M is a compact manifold with boundary. Let N be a normal covering of M. Suppose (A,T) is an elliptic differential boundary value problem on M with lift (\tilde A,\tilde T) to N. Then the von Neumann dimension of kernel and cokernel of this lift ... More

A Canonical Representation of Data-Linear Visualization AlgorithmsDec 13 2014We introduce linear-state dataflows, a canonical model for a large set of visualization algorithms that we call data-linear visualizations. Our model defines a fixed dataflow architecture: partitioning and subpartitioning of input data, ordering, graphic ... More

Recent Investigations on AA DoradusNov 02 2011AA Dor is an eclipsing, post common-envelope binary with an sdOB-type primary and an unseen low-mass secondary, believed to be a brown dwarf. Eleven years ago, a NLTE spectral analysis of the primary showed a discrepancy with the surface gravity that ... More

Uncertainties in (E)UV model atmosphere fluxesFeb 13 2008During the comparison of synthetic spectra calculated with two NLTE model atmosphere codes, namely TMAP and TLUSTY, we encounter systematic differences in the EUV fluxes due to the treatment of level dissolution by pressure ionization. Systematic differences ... More

High-gravity central starsJul 11 2006NLTE spectral analyses of high-gravity central stars by means of state-of-the-art model atmosphere techniques provide information about the precursor AGB stars. The hydrogen-deficient post-AGB stars allow investigations on the intershell matter which ... More

The First Direct Supernova/GRB Connection: GRB 030329/SN 2003dhSep 29 2003Observations of gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows have yielded tantalizing hints that supernovae (SNe) and GRBs are related. The case had been circumstantial, though, relying on irregularities in the light curve or the colors of the afterglow. I will present ... More

Towards a Mori theory on compact Kähler threefolds, IIJul 08 1996This paper, a continuation of ``Towards a Mori theory on compact K\"ahler manifolds, 1'' (written with F. Campana), introduces a non-algebraic analogue to Mori theory in dimension 3.

On rings for which finitely generated ideals have only finitely many componentsJan 23 2006For a commutative ring R we investigate the property that the sets of minimal primes of finitely generated ideals of R is always finite. We prove this property passes to polynomial ring extensions (in an arbitrary number of variables) over R as well as ... More

The Theory of a Heliospheric EconomyMay 30 2015Despite more than 50 years of human space exploration, no paper in the field of economics has been published regarding the theory of a space-based economy. The aim of this paper is to develop quantitative techniques to estimate conditions of the human ... More

There are non homotopic framed homotopies of long knotsOct 23 2007Mar 10 2009Let $\mathcal {M}$ be the space of all, including singular, long knots in 3-space and for which a fixed projection into the plane is an immersion. Let $cl(\Sigma^{(1)}_{iness})$ be the closure of the union of all singular knots in $\mathcal {M}$ with ... More

Knot polynomials via one parameter knot theoryDec 05 2006Feb 06 2007We construct new knot polynomials. Let $V$ be the standard solid torus in 3-space and let $pr$ be its standard projection onto an annulus. Let $M$ be the space of all smooth oriented knots in $V$ such that the restriction of $pr$ is an immersion (e.g. ... More

Global knot theory in F^2 x RDec 12 2000We introduce a special class of knots, called global knots, in F^2 x R and we construct new isotopy invariants, called T-invariants, for global knots. Some T-invariants are of finite type but they cannot be extracted from the generalized Kontsevitch integral ... More

Comment on Gravity and the Poincare GroupFeb 11 1993Following the approach of Grignani and Nardelli [1], we show how to cast the two-dimensional model $L \sim curv^2 + torsion^2 + cosm.const$ -- and in fact any theory of gravity -- into the form of a Poincare gauge theory. By means of the above example ... More

Gravity from Lie algebroid morphismsOct 17 2003Inspired by the Poisson Sigma Model and its relation to 2d gravity, we consider models governing morphisms from TSigma to any Lie algebroid E, where Sigma is regarded as d-dimensional spacetime manifold. We address the question of minimal conditions to ... More

Frechet topologies on hypoelliptic sheavesJul 16 2007Jul 19 2007This note is withdrawn. The result and its proof are available in the literature.

A non-uniform distribution property of most orbits, in case the $3x+1$ conjecture is trueDec 18 2015Let $T(n)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}3n+1&(n\hbox{ odd})\\\frac n2&(n\hbox{ even})\end{array}\right.$ ($n\in\mathbb Z$). We call "the orbit of the integer $n$", the set $$ \mathcal O_n:=\{m\in\mathbb Z\;:\;\exists k\ge0,\ m=T^k(n)\} $$ and we put $c_i(n):=\#\{m\in\mathcal ... More

Algebraic models for higher categoriesMar 06 2010May 30 2011We introduce the notion of algebraic fibrant objects in a general model category and establish a (combinatorial) model category structure on algebraic fibrant objects. Based on this construction we propose algebraic Kan complexes as an algebraic model ... More

Hadronic Loops versus Factorization in EFT calculations of $X(3872) \to χ_{cJ} π^0$Mar 09 2015Aug 14 2015We compare two existing approaches to calculating the decay of molecular quarkonium states to conventional quarkonia in effective field theory, using $X(3872) \to \chi_{cJ} \pi^0$ as an example. In one approach the decay of the molecular quarkonium proceeds ... More

A Review of Alexander Isaev's Spherical Tube HypersurfacesJan 12 2014Oct 15 2014As this is for the Bulletin of the A.M.S., it is not only a review of Alexander Isaev's Spherical Tube Hypersurfaces but also a brief introduction to CR geometry.

Towards Static Analysis of Functional Programs using Tree Automata CompletionOct 07 2014This paper presents the first step of a wider research effort to apply tree automata completion to the static analysis of functional programs. Tree Automata Completion is a family of techniques for computing or approximating the set of terms reachable ... More

Deformation quantization and the Gerstenhaber structure on the homology of knot spacesJun 23 2015It is well known that (in suitable codimension) the spaces of long knots in $\mathbb{R}^n$ modulo immersions are double loop spaces. Hence the homology carries a natural Gerstenhaber structure, given by the Gerstenhaber structure on the Hochschild homology ... More

The Homotopy Braces Formality MorphismSep 16 2011Oct 03 2015We extend M. Kontsevich's formality morphism to a homotopy braces morphism and to a homotopy Gerstenhaber morphism. We show that this morphism is homotopic to D. Tamarkin's formality morphism, obtained using formality of the little disks operad, if in ... More

M. Kontsevich's graph complex and the Grothendieck-Teichmueller Lie algebraSep 08 2010Dec 23 2013We show that the zeroth cohomology of M. Kontsevich's graph complex is isomorphic to the Grothendieck-Teichmueller Lie algebra grt_1. The map is explicitly described. This result has applications to deformation quantization and Duflo theory. We also compute ... More

Size reduction and partial decoupling of systems of equationsJan 28 2003A method is presented that reduces the number of terms of systems of linear equations (algebraic, ordinary and partial differential equations). As a byproduct these systems have a tendency to become partially decoupled and are more likely to be factorizable ... More

Applications of CRACK in the Classification of Integrable SystemsJan 24 2003Work on different classification problems is described as: the classification of integrable vector evolution equations, NLS systems with two vector unknowns, systems with one scalar and one vector unknown, classification of integrable Hamiltonians and ... More

Interdisciplinary application of nonlinear time series methodsJun 26 1998This paper reports on the application to field measurements of time series methods developed on the basis of the theory of deterministic chaos. The major difficulties are pointed out that arise when the data cannot be assumed to be purely deterministic ... More

On braided tensor categoriesFeb 03 1994We investigate invertible elements and gradings in braided tensor categories. This leads us to the definition of theta-, product-, subgrading and orbitcategories in order to construct new families of BTC's from given ones. We use the representation theory ... More

Uniqueness of the contact structure approximating a foliationFeb 22 2013May 20 2013According to a theorem of Eliashberg and Thurston a $C^2$-foliation on a closed 3-manifold can be $C^0$-approximated by contact structures unless all leaves of the foliation are spheres. Examples on the 3-torus show that every neighbourhood of a foliation ... More

A 64-dimensional two-distance counterexample to Borsuk's conjectureAug 01 2013Aug 20 2014In 1933 Karol Borsuk asked whether each bounded set in the n-dimensional Euclidean space can be divided into n+1 parts of smaller diameter. The diameter of a set is defined as the supremum (least upper bound) of the distances of contained points. Implicitly, ... More

New strongly regular graphs derived from the G2(4) graphSep 11 2014Jun 28 2016We consider simple loopless finite undirected graphs. Such a graph is called strongly regular with parameter set (v,k,l,m), for short a srg(v,k,l,m), iff it has exactly v vertices, each of them has exactly k neighbours, and the number of common neighbours ... More

On spaces with connected Higson coronasFeb 22 2016Apr 10 2016In this paper, we characterise metric spaces which have topologically connected Higson coronas. The characterisation is given by a natural categorical condition applied in the coarse category. We also give a characterisation in terms of coarse cohomology, ... More

Collective behaviours in the stock market -- A maximum entropy approachMar 20 2014Mar 21 2014Scale invariance, collective behaviours and structural reorganization are crucial for portfolio management (portfolio composition, hedging, alternative definition of risk, etc.). This lack of any characteristic scale and such elaborated behaviours find ... More

Market structure explained by pairwise interactionsOct 31 2012Jan 27 2014Financial markets are a typical example of complex systems where interactions between constituents lead to many remarkable features. Here, we show that a pairwise maximum entropy model (or auto-logistic model) is able to describe switches between ordered ... More

Status of QCDJul 13 2010Jul 28 2010In this talk, I review recent developments in perturbative QCD and their applications to collider physics.

Numerical tools to validate stationary points of SO(8)-gauged N=8 D=4 supergravityJul 05 2010Aug 31 2011Until recently, the preferred strategy to identify stationary points in the scalar potential of SO(8)-gauged N=8 supergravity in D=4 has been to consider truncations of the potential to sub-manifolds of E_{7(+7)}/SU(8) that are invariant under some postulated ... More

Bulk Witten Indices from D=10 Yang Mills IntegralsDec 22 2003Feb 23 2004Values for the bulk Witten indices for D=10 Yang-Mills integrals for some regular simple groups of rank 4 and 5 are calculated by employing the BRST deformation technique by Moore, Nekrasov and Shatashvili. The results cannot be reconciled with the double ... More

The Encyclopedic Reference of Critical Points for SO(8)-Gauged N=8 Supergravity Part 1: Cosmological Constants in the Range -Λ/g^2 \in [6;14.7)Sep 07 2011This article is part of a collection that strives to collect and provide in an unified form data about all the critical points on the scalar manifold of SO(8)-gauged N=8 supergravity in four dimensions known so far. The vast majority of these were obtained ... More

Fourteen new stationary points in the scalar potential of SO(8)-gauged N=8, D=4 supergravityDec 09 2009Aug 31 2011The list of six previously known nontrivial stationary points in the scalar potential of N=8, D=4 supergravity with gauge group SO(8) is extended by fourteen new entries, whose properties have been obtained numerically using the sensitivity backpropagation ... More

Recent developments from lattice QCDJan 19 2005This year lattice QCD has become very public. A new generation of simulations (including light dynamical quarks) have produced results which are in close agreement with many ``easy'' experimental quantities, and precise predictions for quantities which ... More

Lattice QCD and the CKM matrixAug 22 2000These lectures (given at TASI 2000) provide an introduction to lattice methods for nonperturbative studies of Quantum Chromodynamics. Lecture 1 (Ch. 2) is a very vanilla introduction to lattice QCD. Lecture 2 (Ch. 3) describes examples of recent lattice ... More

Lattice tests of beyond Standard Model dynamicsOct 16 2015Over the last few years lattice techniques have been used to investigate candidate theories of new physics beyond the Standard Model. This review gives a survey of results from these studies. Most of these investigations have been of systems of gauge ... More

Log-normal distribution for correlators in lattice QCD?Apr 20 2012Many hadronic correlators used in spectroscopy calculations in lattice QCD simulations appear to show a log-normal distribution at intermediate time separations.

Lattice QCD at the end of 2003Dec 17 2003I review recent developments in lattice QCD. I first give an overview of its formalism, and then discuss lattice discretizations of fermions. We then turn to a description of the quenched approximation and why it is disappearing as a vehicle for QCD phenomenology. ... More

Polarization and Spin Alignment in Multihadronic Z0 DecaysJan 25 2001Feb 13 2001The large statistics of millions of hadronic Z0 decays, accumulated by the four LEP experiments between 1989 and 1995, allowed for detailed investigations of the fragmentation process. Inclusive Lambda_b baryons and Lambda hyperons at intermediate and ... More

Applying Gödel's Dialectica Interpretation to Obtain a Constructive Proof of Higman's LemmaOct 11 2012We use G\"odel's Dialectica interpretation to analyse Nash-Williams' elegant but non-constructive "minimal bad sequence" proof of Higman's Lemma. The result is a concise constructive proof of the lemma (for arbitrary decidable well-quasi-orders) in which ... More

Convergence to pulsating traveling waves with minimal speed in some KPP heterogeneous problemsApr 03 2013The notion of traveling wave, which typically refers to some particular spatio-temporal con- nections between two stationary states (typically, entire solutions keeping the same profile's shape through time), is essential in the mathematical analysis ... More

Characterisation of an entanglement-free evolutionSep 21 2001Oct 02 2001Two or more quantum systems are said to be in an entangled or non-factorisable state if their joint (supposedly pure) wave-function is not expressible as a product of individual wave functions but is instead a superposition of product states. It is only ... More

Estimate of the weight of empty space based on astronomical observationsFeb 02 2013As a consequence of the equivalence principle and of the existence of a negative vacuum energy, we show how a weak but universal linear response of the vacuum to a local gravitational potential suffices to explain the main features of so-called Pioneer ... More

Experimental proposal for testing the Emergence of Environment Induced (EIN) Classical Selection rules with Biological SystemsMar 14 2010According to the so-called Quantum Darwinist approach, the emergence of "classical islands" from a quantum background is assumed to obey a (selection) principle of maximal information. We illustrate this idea by considering the coupling of two oscillators ... More

Crucial tests of the existence of a Time OperatorMar 14 2010In the present paper we show that the Temporal Wave Function approach of the decay process, which is a multicomponent version of the Time Operator approach leads to new, non-standard, predictions concerning the statistical properties of decay time distributions ... More

If 1=2+3, then 1=2.3: Bell states, finite groups, and mutually unbiased bases, a unifying approachJan 09 2004Jan 12 2004We study the relationship between Bell states, finite groups and complete sets of bases. We show how to obtain a set of N+1 bases in which Bell states are invariant. They generalize the X, Y and Z qubit bases and are associated to groups of unitary transformations ... More

The Emerging QCD Frontier: The Electron Ion ColliderMay 31 2008The self-interactions of gluons determine all the unique features of QCD and lead to a dominant abundance of gluons inside matter already at moderate $x$. Despite their dominant role, the properties of gluons remain largely unexplored. Tantalizing hints ... More