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Testing Time Reversal Invariance with Cold NeutronsMay 19 2004The neutron is a well-suited system to search for a violation of time reversal invariance beyond the Standard Model. Recent experiments and projects searching for time reversal violation in the neutron decay and in the neutron electric dipole moment will ... More

A project of advanced solid-state neutron polarizer for PF1B instrument at ILLJun 11 2019Among Super-Mirror (SM) polarizers, solid-state devices have many advantages. The most relevant is 5-10 times smaller length compared to air-gap polarizers allowing to apply stronger magnetic fields. An important condition for a good SM polarizer is the ... More

Constraints on the Dark Matter Interpretation $n \rightarrow χ+ e^+ e^-$ of the Neutron Decay Anomaly with the PERKEO II experimentMay 06 2019May 07 2019Discrepancies from in-beam and in-bottle type experiments measuring the neutron lifetime are on the 4$\sigma$ standard deviation level. In a recent publication Fornal and Grinstein proposed that the puzzle could be solved if the neutron would decay on ... More

Exotic decay channels are not the cause of the neutron lifetime anomalyDec 03 2018Dec 18 2018Since long neutron lifetimes measured with a beam of cold neutrons are significantly different from lifetimes measured with ultracold neutrons bottled in a trap. It is often speculated that this "neutron anomaly" is due to an exotic dark neutron decay ... More

Advanced broad-band solid-state supermirror polarizers for cold neutronsJun 06 2016Jun 15 2016An ideal solid-state supermirror (SM) neutron polarizer assumes total reflection of neutrons from the SM coating for one spin-component and total absorption for the other, thus providing a perfectly polarized neutron beam at the exit. However, in practice, ... More

Sterile Neutrino Constraints from the STEREO Experiment with 66 days of Reactor-on DataJun 06 2018Oct 18 2018The reactor antineutrino anomaly might be explained by the oscillation of reactor antineutrinos toward a sterile neutrino of eV mass. In order to explore this hypothesis, the STEREO experiment measures the antineutrino energy spectrum in six different ... More

Improved STEREO simulation with a new gamma ray spectrum of excited gadolinium isotopes using FIFRELINMay 28 2019The STEREO experiment measures the electron antineutrino spectrum emitted in a research reactor using the inverse beta decay reaction on H nuclei in a gadolinium loaded liquid scintillator. The detection is based on a signal coincidence of a prompt positron ... More

A source of ultra-cold neutrons for the gravitational spectrometer GRANITAug 10 2007Aug 21 2007We present the status of the development of a dedicated high density ultra-cold neutron (UCN) source dedicated to the gravitational spectrometer GRANIT. The source employs superthermal conversion of cold neutrons to UCN in superfluid helium. Tests have ... More

Constraints on the Dark Matter Interpretation $n \rightarrow χ+ e^+ e^-$ of the Neutron Decay Anomaly with the PERKEO II experimentMay 06 2019Discrepancies from in-beam and in-bottle type experiments measuring the neutron lifetime are on the 4$\sigma$ standard deviation level. In a recent publication Fornal and Grinstein proposed that the puzzle could be solved if the neutron would decay on ... More

Determination of the Weak Axial Vector Coupling from a Measurement of the Beta-Asymmetry Parameter A in Neutron Beta DecayMar 30 2012We report on a new measurement of the neutron beta-asymmetry parameter $A$ with the instrument \perkeo. Main advancements are the high neutron polarization of $P = 99.7(1)%$ from a novel arrangement of super mirror polarizers and reduced background from ... More

A clean, bright, and versatile source of neutron decay productsSep 27 2007We present a case study on a new type of cold neutron beam station for the investigation of angular correlations in the beta-decay of free neutrons. With this beam station, called PERC, the 'active decay volume' lies inside the neutron guide, and the ... More

Efficient extraction of a collimated ultra-cold neutron beam using diffusive channelsMar 07 2007We present a first experimental demonstration of a new method to extract a well-collimated beam of ultra-cold neutrons (UCN) from a storage vessel. Neutrons with too large divergence are not removed from the beam by an absorbing collimation, but a diffuse ... More

The Pulsed Neutron Beam EDM ExperimentDec 08 2018We report on the Beam EDM experiment, which aims to employ a pulsed cold neutron beam to search for an electric dipole moment instead of the established use of storable ultracold neutrons. We present a brief overview of the basic measurement concept and ... More

Measurement of the Neutrino Asymmetry Parameter B in Neutron DecayJun 26 2007Nov 10 2007A new measurement of the neutrino asymmetry parameter B in neutron decay, the angular correlation between neutron spin and anti-neutrino momentum, is presented. The result, B=0.9802(50), agrees with the Standard Model expectation and earlier measurements, ... More

Uniformity Studies of Scintillator Tiles directly coupled to SiPMs for Imaging CalorimetryJan 26 2010Mar 31 2010We present a novel geometry of scintillator tiles developed for fiberless coupling to silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) for applications in highly granular calorimeters. A high degree of uniformity of the tile response over the full active area was achieved ... More

Measurement of the Proton Asymmetry Parameter C in Neutron Beta DecayDec 14 2007The proton asymmetry parameter C in neutron decay describes the correlation between neutron spin and proton momentum. In this Letter, the first measurement of this quantity is presented. The result C=-0.2377(26) agrees with the Standard Model expectation. ... More

Experimental study of ultracold neutron production in pressurized superfluid heliumJun 25 2015Jul 29 2015We have investigated experimentally the pressure dependence of the production of ultracold neutrons (UCN) in superfluid helium in the range from saturated vapor pressure to 20bar. A neutron velocity selector allowed the separation of underlying single-phonon ... More

The Pulsed Neutron Beam EDM ExperimentDec 08 2018Mar 12 2019We report on the Beam EDM experiment, which aims to employ a pulsed cold neutron beam to search for an electric dipole moment instead of the established use of storable ultracold neutrons. We present a brief overview of the basic measurement concept and ... More

High Precision Experiments with Cold and Ultra-Cold NeutronsDec 16 2014This work presents selected results from the first round of the DFG Priority Programme SPP 1491 "precision experiments in particle and astroparticle physics with cold and ultra-cold neutrons".

NoMoS: An $R \times B$ Drift Momentum Spectrometer for Beta Decay StudiesJun 11 2019The beta decay of the free neutron provides several probes to test the Standard Model of particle physics as well as to search for extensions thereof. Hence, multiple experiments investigating the decay have already been performed, are under way or are ... More

Light Higgs production at the Compton ColliderOct 15 1999We have studied the production of a light Higgs boson with a mass of 120 GeV in photon-photon collisions at a Compton collider. The event generator for the backgrounds to a Higgs signal due to bbbar and ccbar heavy quark pair production in polarized gamma-gamma ... More

ANNI - A pulsed cold neutron beam facility for particle physics at the ESSNov 28 2018Pulsed beams have tremendous advantages for precision experiments with cold neutrons. In order to minimise and measure systematic effects, they are used at continuous sources in spite of the related substantial decrease in intensity. At the European Spallation ... More

Characterization of a ballistic supermirror neutron guideOct 26 2005We describe the beam characteristics of the first ballistic supermirror neutron guide H113 that feeds the neutron user facility for particle physics PF1B of the Institute Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (ILL). At present, the neutron capture flux density of H113 ... More

New source for ultracold neutrons at the Institut Laue-LangevinApr 14 2014A new intense superthermal source for ultracold neutrons (UCN) has been installed at a dedicated beam line at the Institut Laue-Langevin. Incident neutrons with a wavelength of 0.89 nm are converted to UCN in a five liter volume filled with superfluid ... More

Test experiment to search for a neutron EDM by the Laue diffraction methodDec 23 2005A prototype experiment to measure the neutron electric dipole moment (nEDM) by spin-rotation in a non-centrosymmetric crystal in Laue geometry was carried out in order to investigate the statistical sensitivity and systematic effects of the method. The ... More

Measurement of the parity-violating triton emission asymmetry in the reaction 6Li(n,alfa)3H with polarised cold neutronsOct 19 2007We describe measurements of the parity-violating (P-odd) triton emission asymmetry coefficient in the 6Li(n,alfa)3H reaction with polarised cold neutrons. Experiments were carried out at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Gatchina, Russia) and ... More

Light Higgs Production at a Photon ColliderJan 30 2001We present a preliminary study of the production of a light Higgs boson with a mass between 120 and 160 GeV in photon-photon collisions at a Compton collider. The event generator for the backgrounds to a Higgs signal due to bbbar and ccbar heavy quark ... More

Ultracold-neutron infrastructure for the gravitational spectrometer GRANITNov 11 2008Jan 29 2009The gravitational spectrometer GRANIT will be set up at the Institut Laue Langevin. It will profit from the high ultracold neutron density produced by a dedicated source. A monochromator made of crystals from graphite intercalated with potassium will ... More

Scintillators with Silicon Photomultiplier Readout for Timing Measurements in Hadronic ShowersDec 02 2011The advent of silicon photomultipliers has enabled big advances in high energy physics instrumentation, for example by allowing the construction of extremely granular hadronic calorimeters with photon sensors integrated into small scintillator tiles. ... More

T3B - An Experiment to measure the Time Structure of Hadronic ShowersSep 24 2013Dec 04 2013The goal of the T3B experiment is the measurement of the time structure of hadronic showers with nanosecond precision and high spatial resolution together with the CALICE hadron calorimeter prototypes, with a focus on the use of tungsten as absorber medium. ... More

Measurement of the neutron electric dipole moment by crystal diffractionJul 07 2009Jul 09 2009An experiment using a prototype setup to search for the neutron electric dipole moment by measuring spin-rotation in a non-centrosymmetric crystal (quartz) was carried out to investigate statistical sensitivity and systematic effects of the method. It ... More

Reach of future colliders in probing the structure of the photonMay 07 2001A comparison of the potentials of ep and e^+e^-$machines to probe the structure of the photon is performed. In particular, the kinematic reach of a proposed future ep facility, THERA, is compared with those of current colliders, LEP and HERA, and with ... More

The STEREO ExperimentApr 24 2018Aug 14 2018The STEREO experiment is a very short baseline reactor antineutrino experiment aiming at testing the hypothesis of light sterile neutrinos as an explanation of the deficit of the observed neutrino interaction rate with respect to the predicted rate, known ... More

Direct Coupling of SiPMs to Scintillator Tiles for Imaging Calorimetry and TriggeringNov 23 2010The recent availability of blue sensitive silicon photomultipliers allows the direct readout of blue emitting plastic scintillator tiles without the use of a wavelength shifting fiber. Such directly read out tiles, without light guides, are attractive ... More

Measurement of the neutron electric dipole moment via spin rotation in a non-centrosymmetric crystalSep 01 2010We have measured the neutron electric dipole moment using spin rotation in a non-centrosymmetric crystal. Our result is d_n = (2.5 +- 6.5(stat) +- 5.5(syst)) 10^{-24} e cm. The dominating contribution to the systematic uncertainty is statistical in nature ... More

Strong Coupling Constant from the Photon Structure FunctionMay 08 2002Jul 29 2002We extract the value of the strong coupling constant alpha_s from a single-parameter pointlike fit to the photon structure function F_2^gamma at large x and Q^2 and from a first five-parameter full (pointlike and hadronic) fit to the complete F_2^gamma ... More

Measuring the proton spectrum in neutron decay - latest results with aSPECTNov 24 2008The retardation spectrometer aSPECT was built to measure the shape of the proton spectrum in free neutron decay with high precision. This allows us to determine the antineutrino electron angular correlation coefficient a. We aim for a precision more than ... More

Michel Electron Reconstruction Using Cosmic-Ray Data from the MicroBooNE LArTPCApr 10 2017Aug 30 2017The MicroBooNE liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) has been taking data at Fermilab since 2015 collecting, in addition to neutrino beam, cosmic-ray muons. Results are presented on the reconstruction of Michel electrons produced by the decay ... More

Neutron Beam Effects on Spin Exchange Polarized He-3Feb 21 2008We have observed depolarization effects when high intensity cold neutron beams are incident on alkali-metal-spin-exchange polarized He-3 cells used as neutron spin filters. This was first observed as a reduction of the maximum attainable He-3 polarization ... More

Replika Mirrors - Nearly Loss-Free Guides For Ultracold NeutronsMar 27 2007The reflectivity of ultracold neutron (UCN) guides produced with a dedicated technique called {\sc Replika} has been studied. The guides are made of nickel, where the surface quality was copied from a glass layer. This results in a surface roughness smaller ... More

A method to measure the resonance transitions between the gravitationally bound quantum states of neutrons in the GRANIT spectrometerFeb 01 2009Feb 03 2009We present a method to measure the resonance transitions between the gravitationally bound quantum states of neutrons in the GRANIT spectrometer. The purpose of GRANIT is to improve the accuracy of measurement of the quantum states parameters by several ... More

GRANIT project: a trap for gravitational quantum states of UCNAug 19 2007Previous studies of gravitationally bound states of ultracold neutrons showed the quantization of energy levels, and confirmed quantum mechanical predictions for the average size of the two lowest energy states wave functions. Improvements in position-like ... More

Testing Hadronic Interaction Models using a Highly Granular Silicon-Tungsten CalorimeterNov 26 2014May 08 2015A detailed study of hadronic interactions is presented using data recorded with the highly granular CALICE silicon-tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter. Approximately 350,000 selected negatively charged pion events at energies between 2 and 10 GeV have ... More

A Deep Neural Network for Pixel-Level Electromagnetic Particle Identification in the MicroBooNE Liquid Argon Time Projection ChamberAug 22 2018We have developed a convolutional neural network (CNN) that can make a pixel-level prediction of objects in image data recorded by a liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) for the first time. We describe the network design, training techniques, ... More

First Measurement of Inclusive Muon Neutrino Charged Current Differential Cross Sections on Argon at $E_ν\sim 0.8$ GeV with the MicroBooNE DetectorMay 23 2019Jun 08 2019We report the first measurement of the double-differential and total muon-neutrino charged-current inclusive cross sections on argon at a mean neutrino energy of 0.8 GeV. Data were collected using the MicroBooNE liquid argon time projection chamber located ... More

First Measurement of $ν_μ$ Charged-Current $π^{0}$ Production on Argon with a LArTPCNov 06 2018We report the first measurement of the flux-integrated cross section of $\nu_{\mu}$ charged-current single $\pi^{0}$ production on argon. This measurement is performed with the MicroBooNE detector, an 85 ton active mass liquid argon time projection chamber ... More

Design and construction of the MicroBooNE Cosmic Ray Tagger systemJan 09 2019Mar 15 2019The MicroBooNE detector utilizes a liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) with an 85 t active mass to study neutrino interactions along the Booster Neutrino Beam (BNB) at Fermilab. With a deployment location near ground level, the detector records ... More

Noise Characterization and Filtering in the MicroBooNE Liquid Argon TPCMay 20 2017The low-noise operation of readout electronics in a liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) is critical to properly extract the distribution of ionization charge deposited on the wire planes of the TPC, especially for the induction planes. This ... More

Rejecting cosmic background for exclusive neutrino interaction studies with Liquid Argon TPCs; a case study with the MicroBooNE detectorDec 10 2018Jan 02 2019Cosmic ray (CR) interactions can be a challenging source of background for neutrino oscillation and cross-section measurements in surface detectors. We present methods for CR rejection in measurements of charged-current quasielastic-like (CCQE-like) neutrino ... More

Experiment Simulation Configurations Used in DUNE CDRJun 30 2016The LBNF/DUNE CDR describes the proposed physics program and experimental design at the conceptual design phase. Volume 2, entitled The Physics Program for DUNE at LBNF, outlines the scientific objectives and describes the physics studies that the DUNE ... More

Hadronic energy resolution of a highly granular scintillator-steel hadron calorimeter using software compensation techniquesJul 17 2012Sep 27 2012The energy resolution of a highly granular 1 m3 analogue scintillator-steel hadronic calorimeter is studied using charged pions with energies from 10 GeV to 80 GeV at the CERN SPS. The energy resolution for single hadrons is determined to be approximately ... More

Performance of the first prototype of the CALICE scintillator strip electromagnetic calorimeterNov 15 2013Jun 11 2014A first prototype of a scintillator strip-based electromagnetic calorimeter was built, consisting of 26 layers of tungsten absorber plates interleaved with planes of 45x10x3 mm3 plastic scintillator strips. Data were collected using a positron test beam ... More

Track segments in hadronic showers in a highly granular scintillator-steel hadron calorimeterMay 30 2013Jul 29 2013We investigate the three dimensional substructure of hadronic showers in the CALICE scintillator-steel hadronic calorimeter. The high granularity of the detector is used to find track segments of minimum ionising particles within hadronic showers, providing ... More

Pion and proton showers in the CALICE scintillator-steel analogue hadron calorimeterDec 08 2014Mar 15 2015Showers produced by positive hadrons in the highly granular CALICE scintillator-steel analogue hadron calorimeter were studied. The experimental data were collected at CERN and FNAL for single particles with initial momenta from 10 to 80 GeV/c. The calorimeter ... More

Design of the Magnet System of the Neutron Decay Facility PERCMay 24 2019The PERC (Proton and Electron Radiation Channel) facility is currently under construction at the research reactor FRM II, Garching. It will serve as an intense and clean source of electrons and protons from neutron beta decay for precision studies. It ... More

Validation of GEANT4 Monte Carlo Models with a Highly Granular Scintillator-Steel Hadron CalorimeterJun 13 2013Jun 15 2014Calorimeters with a high granularity are a fundamental requirement of the Particle Flow paradigm. This paper focuses on the prototype of a hadron calorimeter with analog readout, consisting of thirty-eight scintillator layers alternating with steel absorber ... More

A Combined View of Sterile-Neutrino Constraints from CMB and Neutrino Oscillation MeasurementsJun 30 2016We perform a comparative analysis of constraints on sterile neutrinos from the Planck experiment and from current and future neutrino oscillation experiments (MINOS, IceCube, SBN). For the first time, we express the Planck constraints on $N_{\rm eff}$ ... More

Classifying LEP Data with Support Vector AlgorithmsMay 17 1999We have studied the application of different classification algorithms in the analysis of simulated high energy physics data. Whereas Neural Network algorithms have become a standard tool for data analysis, the performance of other classifiers such as ... More

A Combined View of Sterile-Neutrino Constraints from CMB and Neutrino Oscillation MeasurementsJun 30 2016Nov 25 2016We perform a comparative analysis of constraints on sterile neutrinos from the Planck experiment and from current and future neutrino oscillation experiments (MINOS, IceCube, SBN). For the first time, we express the Planck constraints on $N_{\rm eff}$ ... More

A Combined Limit on the Neutrino Mass from Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay and Constraints on Sterile Majorana NeutrinosApr 14 2015Jun 11 2015We present a framework to combine data from the latest neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments for multiple isotopes and derive a limit on the effective neutrino mass using the experimental energy distributions. The combined limits on the effective ... More

Electromagnetic response of a highly granular hadronic calorimeterDec 20 2010Jun 08 2011The CALICE collaboration is studying the design of high performance electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters for future International Linear Collider detectors. For the hadronic calorimeter, one option is a highly granular sampling calorimeter with steel ... More

Gamma-Gamma Physics at LEP2Jan 23 1996This report is an overview of the gamma-gamma physics capabilities of LEP2, and covers the following topics: structure functions, equivalent photon approximation, tagging conditions etc, soft and semihard physics, large-$p_t$ processes, heavy-quark physics, ... More

Study of the interactions of pions in the CALICE silicon-tungsten calorimeter prototypeApr 28 2010A prototype silicon-tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter for an ILC detector was tested in 2007 at the CERN SPS test beam. Data were collected with electron and hadron beams in the energy range 8 to 80 GeV. The analysis described here focuses on the interactions ... More

The mutable nature of particle-core excitations with spin in the one-valence-proton nucleus 133SbMar 25 2016The gamma-ray decay of excited states of the one-valence-proton nucleus 133Sb has been studied using cold-neutron induced fission of 235U and 241Pu targets, during the EXILL campaign at the ILL reactor in Grenoble. By using a highly efficient HPGe array, ... More

Lattice QCD study of $g_A^{N^*N^*}$ with two flavors of dynamical quarksNov 13 2007We report the first lattice QCD result of the axial charge of N(1535), $g_A^{N^*N^*}$. The measurement is performed with two flavors of dynamical quarks employing the renormalization-group improved gauge action at $\beta$=1.95 and the mean-field improved ... More

Quantum transitions induced by the third cumulant of current fluctuationsJun 23 2005Oct 14 2005We investigate the transitions induced by external current fluctuations on a small probe quantum system. The rates for the transitions between the energy states are calculated using the real-time Keldysh formalism for the density matrix evolution. We ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part II: The Universal CoveringsNov 30 1995Apr 26 1996A set of simple rules for constructing the maximal (e.g. analytic) extensions for any metric with a Killing field in an (effectively) two-dimensional spacetime is formulated. The application of these rules is extremely straightforward, as is demonstrated ... More

Pre-critical Chiral Fluctuations in Nuclear Medium -- precursors of chiral restoration at $ρ_{B}\not=0 --Feb 10 1999Feb 26 1999It is shown that an enhancement in the spectral function near 2$m_{\pi}$ threshold in the I=J=0 channel is a good signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear medium. Several experiments are discussed to detect the enhancement, which ... More

Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Jan 23 2008We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with ... More

A Z$_2$ index of Dirac operator with time reversal symmetryMay 22 2009With time reversal symmetry a Dirac operator has vanishing index and Chern number. We show that we can nevertheless define a nontrivial Z$_2$ index as well as a corresponding topological invariant given by gauge field, which implies that such a Dirac ... More

Quantization of non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systemsMar 18 2009We present a quantized non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systems such as quantum spin Hall effect. Ordinary Berry phase is defined by an integral of Berry's gauge potential along a loop (an integral of the Chern-Simons one-form), whereas ... More

Thermal Field Theory and Infinite StatisticsJun 17 1992Oct 28 1992We construct a quantum thermal field theory for scalar particles in the case of infinite statistics. The extension is provided by working out the Fock space realization of a "quantum algebra", and by identifying the hamiltonian as the energy operator. ... More

A Study of a Real-Time Operating System on the Intel-Based Vme ControllersNov 09 2001Dec 17 2001In this paper, we described the performance differences between VME-based controllers, HP743rt/HP-RT and IA-based platforms. We measured some kind of real-time benchmarks and discussed a relation of architecture dependences.

Stops in R-parity Breaking Model for High-$Q^2$ Events at HERAApr 03 1997We investigate an event excess in the reaction $e^+p \to e^+ X$ with large $x$ and high $Q^2$ observed at HERA and show that the events could naturally be interpreted as a signature of the production of the scalar top quarks (stops) in a supersymmetric ... More

Stochastic Variational Method as Quantization Scheme I: Field Quantization of Complex Klein-Gordan EquationJun 28 2013Jun 24 2014Stochastic Variational Method (SVM) is the generalization of the variation method to the case with stochastic variables. In the series of papers, we investigate the applicability of SVM as an alternative field quantization scheme. Here, we discuss the ... More

Dynamical Origin of Power SpectraDec 27 2008We discuss a possible origin of Tsallis' statistics from the correlation among constituents which reduces the phase space of the system. We also show that in the system of coupled linear harmonic oscillators can exhibit a Tsallis type behavior.

Memory Effects and Transport Coefficients for Non-Newtonian FluidsDec 22 2008We discuss the roles of viscosity in relativistic fluid dynamics from the point of view of memory effects. Depending on the type of quantity to which the memory effect is applied, different terms appear in higher order corrections. We show that when the ... More

Comment on a Paper by Yucai Su On Jacobian ConjectureDec 21 2005The said paper [2] entitled "Proof Of Two Dimensional Jacobian Conjecture" is with gaps.

Asymptotic behavior for quadratic variations of non-Gaussian multiparameter Hermite random fieldsNov 11 2016Dec 21 2017Let $(Z^{q, H}_t)_{t \in [0, 1]^d}$ denote a $d$-parameter Hermite random field of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H = (H_1, \ldots, H_d) \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)^d$. This process is $H$-self-similar, has stationary increments and exhibits ... More

Topological stability of Majorana zero-modes in superconductor-topological insulator systemsNov 13 2009Jan 29 2010We derive an index theorem for zero-energy Majorana fermion modes in a superconductor-topological insulator system in both two and three dimensions, which is valid for models with chiral symmetry as well as particle-hole symmetry. For more generic models ... More

Varying Cu-Ti hybridization near the Fermi energy in Cu$_{x}$TiSe$_{2}$: Results from supercell calculationsDec 05 2006The properties of Cu$_{x}$TiSe$_{2}$ are studied by band structure calculation based on the density functional theory for supercells. The density-of-states (DOS) for $x$=0 has a sharply raising shoulder in the neighborhood of the Fermi energy, $E_F$, ... More

Deeply-bound $K^- pp$ state in the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$, $n$) spectrum and its moving pole near the $πΣN$ thresholdJun 19 2009Nov 06 2009The formation of a deeply-bound $K^- pp$ state with $I=1/2$, $J^\pi=0^-$ by the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$, $n$) reaction is theoretically investigated in a distorted-wave impulse approximation using the Green's function method. The expected inclusive and ... More

A Framework to Prevent QR Code Based Phishing AttacksJan 30 2016Though the rapid development and spread of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) making people's life much more easier, on the other hand it causing some serious threats to the society. Phishing is one of the most common cyber threat, that most ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part III: Solutions of Arbitrary TopologyJul 30 1996Aug 13 1997All global solutions of arbitrary topology of the most general 1+1 dimensional dilaton gravity models are obtained. We show that for a generic model there are globally smooth solutions on any non-compact 2-surface. The solution space is parametrized explicitly ... More

Precritical Chiral Fluctuations in NucleiJan 11 1999Spectral enhancement near 2 m_{\pi} threshold in the I=J=0 channel in nuclei is shown to be a distinct signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry. The relevance of this phenomenon with possible detection of 2\pi^{0} and 2\gamma in hadron-nucleus ... More

Computing nonlinear force free coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Knowledge of the structure of the coronal magnetic field is important for our understanding of many solar activity phenomena, e.g. flares and CMEs. However, the direct measurement of coronal magnetic fields is not possible with present methods, and therefore ... More

Cochlear-bone wave can yield a hearing sensation as well as otoacoustic emissionAug 10 2014A hearing sensation arises when the elastic basilar membrane inside the cochlea vibrates. The basilar membrane is typically set into motion through airborne sound that displaces the middle ear and induces a pressure difference across the membrane. A second, ... More

Non-empirical nuclear energy functionals, pairing gaps and odd-even mass differencesJul 06 2009First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such ... More

Non-empirical pairing functionalNov 27 2007Dec 07 2007The present contribution reports the first systematic finite-nucleus calculations performed using the Energy Density Functional method and a non-empirical pairing functional derived from low-momentum interactions. As a first step, the effects of Coulomb ... More

A Solution to the Polonyi Problem in the Minimum SUSY-GUTMar 16 1994We show that the Polonyi problem is solved in the minimum SUSY-GUT model in which a self-coupling strength for a heavy Higgs $\Sigma$, $\lambda\Sigma^{3}$, is very small $\lambda\sim 10^{-6}$. It is stressed that with this small $\lambda$ the mass of ... More

Spin physics in deep inelastic scattering: SummaryFeb 02 1999The problem of our understanding of the spin structure of the nucleon has been with us since the publication of the EMC measurements of the polarised structure function of the proton in 1987. In this talk a review of the results presented in Working Group ... More

Strong-coupling effects in the relaxation dynamics of ultracold neutral plasmasMar 01 2005We describe a hybrid molecular dynamics approach for the description of ultracold neutral plasmas, based on an adiabatic treatment of the electron gas and a full molecular dynamics simulation of the ions, which allows us to follow the long-time evolution ... More

Streda formula for the Hofstadter-Wilson-Dirac model in two and four dimensionsSep 09 2016We rederive the spectral asymmetry of the Wilson-Dirac model in external fields, paying attention to the Chern number due to the Berry connection. We interpret the smooth part of the spectral asymmetry as the Streda formula which is originally derived ... More

Towards a Generic Parametrisation of "New Physics" in Quark-Flavour MixingJun 05 2003We consider a special class of dimension-six operators which are assumed to be induced by some new physics with typical scales of order \Lambda. This special class are the operators with two quarks which can mediate transitions between quark flavours. ... More

Lie algebras and degenerate Affine Hecke Algebras of type AOct 30 1997Apr 21 1998We construct a family of exact functors from the BGG category of representations of the Lie algebra sl to the category of finite-dimensional representations of the degenerate (or graded) affine Hecke algebra H of GL. These functors transform Verma modules ... More

The additivity of the pseudo-additive conditional entropy for a proper Tsallis' entropic indexOct 02 2001For Tsallis' entropic analysis to the time evolutions of standard logistic map at the Feigenbaum critical point, it is known that there exists a unique value $q^*$ of the entropic index such that the asymptotic rate $K_q \equiv \lim_{t \to \infty} \{S_q(t)-S_q(0)\} ... More

Coarse Graining in Hydrodynamics and Effects of FluctuationsOct 14 2013We address the physical meaning of hydrodynamic approach related with the coarse graining scale in the frame work of variational formulation. We point out that the local thermal equilibrium does not necessarily play a critical role in the description ... More

Navier-Stokes Equation by Stochastic Variational MethodMay 31 2011Aug 24 2011We show for the first time that the stochastic variational method can naturally derive the Navier-Stokes equation starting from the action of ideal fluid. In the frame work of the stochastic variational method, the dynamical variables are extended to ... More

Anisotropy of Low Energy Direct Photons in Relativistic Heavy Ion CollisionsMay 17 2016Jul 19 2016We investigate the behavior of low energy photons radiated by the deceleration processes of two colliding nuclei in relativistic heavy ion collisions using the Wigner function approach for electromagnetic radiation fields. The angular distribution reveals ... More

Comment on a Paper by Yucai Su On Jacobian Conjecture (Dec 30, 2005Apr 03 2006The said paper [Su2] entitled "Proof Of Two Dimensional Jacobian Conjecture" is false.