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Universal Order Parameters and Quantum Phase Transitions: A Finite-Size ApproachJun 13 2014We propose a method to construct universal order parameters for quantum phase transitions in many-body lattice systems. The method exploits the $H$-orthogonality of a few near-degenerate lowest states of the Hamiltonian describing a given finite-size ... More

ARPES measurements of the superconducting gap of Fe-based superconductors and their implications to the pairing mechanismMar 25 2015Jul 09 2015Its direct momentum sensitivity confers to angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) a unique perspective in investigating the superconducting gap of multi-band systems. In this review we discuss ARPES studies on the superconducting gap of the ... More

Effects of the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction on nonequilibrium thermodynamics in the $XY$ chain in a transverse fieldMay 08 2018Aug 09 2018We examine the effects of the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interaction on the nonequilibrium thermodynamics in an anisotropic $XY$ spin chain, which is driven out of equilibrium by a sudden quench of the control parameter of the Hamiltonian. By analytically ... More

A Functional Approach to FBSDEs and Its Application in Optimal PortfoliosNov 19 2010In Liang et al (2009), the current authors demonstrated that BSDEs can be reformulated as functional differential equations, and as an application, they solved BSDEs on general filtered probability spaces. In this paper the authors continue the study ... More

Anomalous Hall effect in ferromagnetic semiconductorsOct 22 2001We present a theory of the anomalous Hall effect in ferromagnetic (Mn,III)V semiconductors. Our theory relates the anomalous Hall conductance of a homogeneous ferromagnet to the Berry phase acquired by a quasiparticle wavefunction upon traversing closed ... More

Finite-temperature fidelity and von Neumann entropy in the honeycomb spin lattice with quantum Ising interactionNov 30 2016Jan 12 2017The finite temperature phase diagram is obtained for an infinite honeycomb lattice with spin-$1/2$ Ising interaction $J$ by using thermal-state fidelity and von Neumann entropy based on the infinite projected entangled pair state algorithm with ancillas. ... More

Finite-temperature fidelity and von Neumann entropy in the honeycomb spin lattice with the Ising interactionNov 30 2016Finite temperature phase diagram has been investigated in a spin-$1/2$ infinite honeycomb lattice with the Ising interaction $J$ by using thermal-state fidelity and von Neumann entropy based on the infinite projected entangled pair state algorithm with ... More

Groundstate fidelity phase diagram of the fully anisotropic two-leg spin-1/2 XXZ ladderApr 18 2017Aug 28 2017The fully anisotropic two-leg spin-1/2 $XXZ$ ladder model is studied in terms of an algorithm based on the tensor network representation of quantum many-body states as an adaptation of projected entangled pair states to the geometry of translationally ... More

Packing Sparse Convolutional Neural Networks for Efficient Systolic Array Implementations: Column Combining Under Joint OptimizationNov 07 2018This paper describes a novel approach of packing sparse convolutional neural networks for their efficient systolic array implementations. By combining subsets of columns in the original filter matrix associated with a convolutional layer, we increase ... More

Diffuse Interface Methods for Multiple Phase Materials: An Energetic Variational ApproachFeb 21 2014In this paper, we introduce a diffuse interface model for describing the dynamics of mixtures involving multiple (two or more) phases. The coupled hydrodynamical system is derived through an energetic variational approach. The total energy of the system ... More

Geometric entanglement and quantum phase transitions in two-dimensional quantum lattice modelsApr 25 2016Apr 28 2016Geometric entanglement(GE), as a measure of multipartite entanglement, has been investigated as a universal tool to detect phase transitions in quantum many-body lattice models. We outline a systematic method to compute GE for two-dimensional (2D) quantum ... More

A precise method for visualizing dispersive features in image plotsApr 08 2011May 03 2011In order to improve the advantages and the reliability of the second derivative method in tracking the position of extrema from experimental curves, we develop a novel analysis method based on the mathematical concept of curvature. We derive the formulas ... More

Cyclic period oscillation of the eclipsing dwarf nova DV UMaMay 09 2017DV UMa is an eclipsing dwarf nova with an orbital period of $\sim2.06$ h, which lies just at the bottom edge of the period gap. To detect its orbital period changes we present 12 new mid-eclipse times by using our CCD photometric data and archival data. ... More

WZ Sge: an eclipsing cataclysmic variable evolving towards the period minimumMay 09 2017We present the photometric results of the eclipsing cataclysmic variable (CV) WZ Sge near the period minimum ($P_{min}$). Eight new mid-eclipse times were determined and the orbital ephemeris was updated. Our result shows that the orbital period of WZ ... More

A Threshold-free Prospective Prediction Accuracy Measure for Censored Time to Event DataJun 13 2016Sep 14 2016Prediction performance of a risk scoring system needs to be carefully assessed before its adoption in clinical practice. Clinical preventive care often uses risk scores to screen asymptomatic population. The primary clinical interest is to predict the ... More

Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the superconducting gap symmetry in Fe-based superconductorsAug 23 2012The superconducting gap is the fundamental parameter that characterizes the superconducting state, and its symmetry is a direct consequence of the mechanism responsible for Cooper pairing. Here we discuss about angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy ... More

Attentive Generative Adversarial Network for Raindrop Removal from a Single ImageNov 28 2017May 06 2018Raindrops adhered to a glass window or camera lens can severely hamper the visibility of a background scene and degrade an image considerably. In this paper, we address the problem by visually removing raindrops, and thus transforming a raindrop degraded ... More

Constraining Photon Mass by Energy-Dependent Gravitational Light BendingJun 06 2014In the standard model of particle physics, photons are mass-less particles with a particular dispersion relation. Tests of this claim at different scales are both interesting and important. Experiments in territory labs and several exterritorial tests ... More

Resonance-enhanced collective effect in a triangle arrangement of Rydberg atoms with anisotropic interactionsJul 08 2016We investigate the collective excitation effect in a scheme where three identical Rydberg atoms are arranged in an equilateral triangular lattice. By using a static electric field polarizing the atomic dipoles, the dipole-dipole interactions between two ... More

Fisher information matrix for three-parameter exponentiated-Weibull distribution under type II censoringFeb 01 2011This paper considers the three-parameter exponentiated Weibull family under type II censoring. It first graphically illustrates the shape property of the hazard function. Then, it proposes a simple algorithm for computing the maximum likelihood estimator ... More

An intrinsic hyperboloid approach for Einstein Klein-Gordon equationsJul 06 2016In [7] Klainerman introduced the hyperboloidal method to prove the global existence results for nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations by using commuting vector fields. In this paper, we extend the hyperboloidal method from Minkowski space to Lorentzian spacetimes. ... More

Optimal control of coupled forward-backward stochastic system with jumps and related Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equationsNov 20 2011Mar 21 2013In this paper we investigate a kind of optimal control problem of coupled forward-backward stochastic system with jumps whose cost functional is defined through a coupled forward-backward stochastic differential equation with Brownian motion and Poisson ... More

Backward doubly stochastic differential equations with weak assumptions on the coefficientsMay 28 2010Apr 07 2011In this paper, we deal with one dimensional backward doubly stochastic differential equations (BDSDEs) where the coefficient is left Lipschitz in y (may be discontinuous) and uniformly continuous in z. We obtain a generalized comparison theorem and a ... More

Representation of G-martingales as stochastic integrals with respect to the G-Brownian motionMar 16 2010The objective of this paper is to derive a representation of symmetric G-martingales as stochastic integrals with respect to the G-Brownian motion. For this end, we first study some extensions of stochastic calculus with respect to G-martingales under ... More

Asymptotic estimates on the time derivative of $Φ$-entropy on Riemannian manifoldsApr 16 2011Aug 11 2011In this note, we obtain the asymptotic estimate for the time derivative of the $\Phi$-entropy in terms of the lower bound on the Bakry-Emery $\Gamma_2$ curvature. In the cases of Hyperbolic space and Heisenberg group, we show that the time derivative ... More

Universality of superconducting gaps in overdoped Ba0.3K0.7Fe2As2 observed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopySep 22 2010Jan 13 2011We have performed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy on the overdoped Ba$_{0.3}$K$_{0.7}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ superconductor ($T_c$ = 22 K). We demonstrate that the superconducting (SC) gap on each Fermi surface (FS) is nearly isotropic whereas the gap ... More

Thurston maps and asymptotic upper curvatureSep 14 2011Feb 13 2014A Thurston map is a branched covering map from $\S^2$ to $\S^2$ with a finite postcritical set. We associate a natural Gromov hyperbolic graph $\G=\G(f,\mathcal C)$ with an expanding Thurston map $f$ and a Jordan curve $\mathcal C$ on $\S^2$ containing ... More

Exotic candidates with heavy quark(s)Dec 04 2017In the last decades, the number of exotic candidates which are beyond the conventional quark model has grown dramatically. At the same time, numerous theoretical interpretations, such as tetraquark, hybrid, hadroquarkonium and hadronic molecule, have ... More

A geometric approach for sharp Local well-posedness of quasilinear wave equationsAug 17 2014The commuting vector fields approach, devised for strichartz estimates in [13], was developed for proving the local well-posedness in the Sobolev spaces $H^s$ with $s>2+\frac{2-\sqrt{3}}{2}$ for general quasi-linear wave equation in ${\mathbb R}^{1+3}$ ... More

Spacetime orientation and the meaning of Lorentz invariance in general relativityFeb 14 2018The parity violation at the level of weak interactions and other similar discrete symmetries breaking show that the invariance of laws under the full group of Lorentz transformations can not be taken granted. We examine the principle of Lorentz invariance ... More

A scheme for determining fundamental interactions and the universality principleSep 20 2017The Standard Model of particle physics was established based on the equivalence principle and gauge invariance. The Lagrangians were built upon experimental data demonstrating the violation of discrete symmetries together with ideas of spontaneous symmetry ... More

Contribution of Cross-Correlations to the 21cm Angular Power Spectrum in the Epoch of ReionizationNov 24 2009Measurement of the 21cm hyperfine transition of neutral hydrogen provides a unique probe of the epoch of reionization and the Dark Ages. Three major mechanisms are believed to dominate the radiation process: emission from neutral hydrogen surrounding ... More

Flow polynomials of a signed graphMay 21 2018Jun 25 2018In contrast to ordinary graphs, the number of the nowhere-zero group-flows in a signed graph may vary with different groups, even if the groups have the same order. In fact, for a signed graph $G$ and non-negative integer $d$, it was shown that there ... More

Dynamic indifference pricing via the G-expectationMar 30 2015We study the dynamic indifference pricing with ambiguity preferences. For this, we introduce the dynamic expected utility with ambiguity via the nonlinear expectation--G-expectation, introduced by Peng (2007). We also study the risk aversion and certainty ... More

The Tychonoff uniqueness theorem for the G-heat equationJun 28 2010Mar 07 2011In this paper, we obtain the Tychonoff uniqueness theorem for the G-heat equation.

Properties of solutions of stochastic differential equations driven by the G-Brownian motionOct 15 2010Jul 24 2013In this paper, we study the differentiability of solutions of stochastic differential equations driven by the $G$-Brownian motion with respect to the initial data and the parameter. In addition, the stability of solutions of stochastic differential equations ... More

Differential Harnack inequalities and Perelman type entropy formulae for subelliptic operatorsJul 09 2013In this paper, under the generalized curvature-dimension inequality recently introduced by F. Baudoin and N. Garofalo, we obtain differential Harnack inequalities for the positive solutions to the Sch\"odinger equation associated to subelliptic operator ... More

Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy of Iron-Chalcogenide Superconductor Fe1.03Te0.7Se0.3 : Strong-Coupling Superconductivity and Universality of Inter-Band ScatteringJul 04 2009We have performed high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of iron-chalcogenide superconductor Fe1.03Te0.7Se0.3 (Tc = 13 K) to investigate the electronic structure relevant to superconductivity. We observed a hole- and an electron-like ... More

Positive curvature property for sub-Laplace on nilpotent Lie group of rank twoDec 15 2011In this note, we concentrate on the sub-Laplace on the nilpotent Lie group of rank two, which is the infinitesimal generator of the diffusion generated by $n$ Brownian motions and their $\frac{n(n-1)}2$ L\'evy area processes, which is the simple extension ... More

A BSDE approach to Nash equilibrium payoffs for stochastic differential games with nonlinear cost functionalsJun 06 2011Aug 23 2011In this paper, we study Nash equilibrium payoffs for nonzero-sum stochastic differential games via the theory of backward stochastic differential equations. We obtain an existence theorem and a characterization theorem of Nash equilibrium payoffs for ... More

Nash equilibrium payoffs for stochastic differential games with reflectionOct 18 2011Mar 21 2013In this paper, we investigate Nash equilibrium payoffs for nonzero-sum stochastic differential games with reflection. We obtain an existence theorem and a characterization theorem of Nash equilibrium payoffs for nonzero-sum stochastic differential games ... More

Local time and Tanaka formula for G-Brownian MotionDec 08 2009Oct 20 2012In this paper, we study the notion of local time and Tanaka formula for the G-Brownian motion. Moreover, the joint continuity of the local time of the G-Brownian motion is obtained and its quadratic variation is proven. As an application, we generalize ... More

Topology studies of hydrodynamics using two particle correlation analysisFeb 27 2009Dec 21 2009The effects of fluctuating initial conditions are studied in the context of relativistic heavy ion collisions where a rapidly evolving system is formed. Two particle correlation analysis is applied to events generated with the NEXSPHERIO hydrodynamic ... More

LAMOST Views $δ$ Scuti Pulsating StarsJul 13 2017Dec 27 2017About 766 $\delta$ Scuti stars were observed by LAMOST by June 16, 2017. Stellar atmospheric parameters of 525 variables were determined, while spectral types were obtained for all samples. In the paper, those spectroscopic data are catalogued. We detect ... More

New phase transition in Na$_{2}$Ti$_{2}$As$_{2}$O revealed by Raman scatteringJan 08 2016We performed a Raman scattering study of Na$_2$Ti$_2$As$_2$O. We identified a symmetry breaking structural transition at around $T_s = 150$ K, which matches a large bump in the electrical resistivity. Several new peaks are detected below that transition. ... More

Probing the excited-state quantum phase transition through statistics of Loschmidt echo and quantum workMay 12 2017Sep 28 2017By analyzing the probability distributions of the Loschmidt echo (LE) and quantum work, we examine the nonequilibrium effects of a quantum many-body system, which exhibits an excited-state quantum phase transition (ESQPT). We find that depending on the ... More

Understanding quantum work in a quantum many-body systemDec 17 2016Mar 10 2017Based on previous studies in a single particle system in both the integrable [Jarzynski, Quan, and Rahav, Phys.~Rev.~X {\bf 5}, 031038 (2015)] and the chaotic systems [Zhu, Gong, Wu, and Quan, Phys.~Rev.~E {\bf 93}, 062108 (2016)], we study the the correspondence ... More

Insulator-metal transition shift related to magnetic polarons in La0.67-xYxCa0.33MnO3Jan 16 2003The magnetic transport properties have been measured for La0.67-xYxCa0.33MnO3 (0 <= x <= 0.14) system. It was found that the transition temperature Tp almost linearly moves to higher temperature as H increases. Electron spin resonance confirms that above ... More

Optically Reconfigurable Photonic DevicesAug 16 2015Oct 18 2015Optoelectronic components with adjustable parameters, from variable-focal-length lenses to spectral filters that can change functionality upon stimulation, have enormous technological importance. Tuning of such components is conventionally achieved by ... More

Corrections for the Geometric Distortion of the Tube Detectors on SANS Instruments at ORNLMay 08 2014The small-angle neutron scattering instruments at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor recently upgraded the area detectors from the large, single volume crossed-wire detectors originally installed to staggered arrays of linear ... More

Is BaCr$_2$As$_2$ symmetrical to BaFe$_2$As$_2$ with respect to half $3d$ shell filling?Jan 26 2017May 26 2017We have performed an angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of BaCr$_2$As$_2$, which has the same crystal structure as BaFe$_2$As$_2$, a parent compound of Fe-based superconductors. We determine the Fermi surface of this material and its band ... More

Observation of strong electron pairing on bands without Fermi surfaces in LiFe1-xCoxAsJun 04 2014Jun 05 2014In conventional BCS superconductors, the quantum condensation of superconducting electron pairs is understood as a Fermi surface (FS) instability, in which the low-energy electrons are paired by attractive interactions. Whether this explanation is still ... More

DC-transport properties of ferromagnetic (Ga,Mn)As semiconductorsFeb 03 2003We study the dc transport properties of (Ga,Mn)As diluted magnetic semiconductors with Mn concentration varying from 1.5% to 8%. Both diagonal and Hall components of the conductivity tensor are strongly sensitive to the magnetic state of these semiconductors. ... More

Synchronized Dynamics and Nonequilibrium Steady States in a Stochastic Yeast Cell-Cycle NetworkApr 15 2009Applying the mathematical circulation theory of Markov chains, we investigate the synchronized stochastic dynamics of a discrete network model of yeast cell-cycle regulation where stochasticity has been kept rather than being averaged out. By comparing ... More

Statistical Thermodynamics of General Minimal Diffusion Processes: Constuction, Invariant Density, Reversibility and Entropy ProductionJan 01 2002The solution to nonlinear Fokker-Planck equation is constructed in terms of the minimal Markov semigroup generated by the equation. The semigroup is obtained by a purely functional analytical method via Hille-Yosida theorem. The existence of the positive ... More

Jet launching in resistive GR-MHD black hole - accretion disk systemsApr 25 2018We investigate the launching mechanism of relativistic jets from black hole sources, in particular the strong winds from the surrounding accretion disk. Numerical investigations of the disk wind launching - the simulation of the accretion-ejection transition ... More

A Note on Uniform Integrability of Random Variables in a Probability Space and Sublinear Expectation SpaceMay 23 2017Sep 22 2017In this note we discuss uniform integrability of random variables. In a probability space, we introduce two new notions on uniform integrability of random variables, and prove that they are equivalent to the classic one. In a sublinear expectation space, ... More

Convergences of Random Variables under Sublinear ExpectationsJul 26 2016Apr 27 2017In this note, we will survey the existing convergence results for random variables under sublinear expectations, and prove some new results. Concretely, under the assumption that the sublinear expectation has the monotone continuity property, we will ... More

Fermi surface dichotomy of the superconducting gap and pseudogap in underdoped pnictidesMay 27 2009Jul 12 2011High-temperature superconductivity in iron-arsenic materials (pnictides) near an antiferromagnetic phase raises the possibility of spin-fluctuation-mediated pairing. However, the interplay between antiferromagnetic fluctuations and superconductivity remains ... More

Fermiology of Sr4V2O6Fe2As2: Quasi-Nested Fe vs Mott-Insulating V OrbitalsAug 29 2010We have performed an angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of a new iron-based superconductor Sr4V2O6Fe2As2. While V 3d orbitals are found to be in a Mott insulator state and show an incoherent peak at ~ 1 eV below the Fermi level, the dispersive ... More

On Contraction of Algebraic PointsJul 06 2016Mar 08 2017We study contraction of points on $\mathbb{P}^1(\bar{\mathbb{Q}})$ with certain control on local ramification indices, with application to the unramified curve correspondences problem initiated by Bogomolov and Tschinkel.

A Deep X-Ray Look At Abell 2142 --- Viscosity Constraints From Kelvin-Helmholtz Eddies, A Displaced Cool Peak That Makes A Warm Core, And A Possible Plasma Depletion LayerOct 05 2018We analyzed 200 ks of Chandra ACIS observations of the merging galaxy cluster A2142 to examine its prominent cold fronts in detail. We find that the southern cold front exhibits well-developed Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) eddies seen in the sky plane. Comparing ... More

Superfluidity of Bose-Einstein Condensate in An Optical Lattice: Landau-Zener Tunneling and Dynamical InstabilityJun 16 2003Jul 02 2003Superflow of Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice is represented by a Bloch wave, a plane wave with periodic modulation of the amplitude. We review the theoretical results on the interaction effects in the energy dispersion of the Bloch waves ... More

Landau and Dynamical Instabilities of the Superflow of Bose-Einstein Condensates in Optical LatticesSep 28 2000Apr 06 2001The superfluidity of Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices are investigated. Apart from the usual Landau instability which occurs when a BEC flows faster than the speed of sound, the BEC can also suffer a dynamical instability, resulting in period ... More

Rashba torque beyond the Boltzmann regimeMay 31 2017Jun 06 2017We study spin torques induced by Rashba spin-orbit coupling in two-dimensional ferromagnets under the good-metal condition $\epsilon_{F}\tau/\hbar\gg1$ ($\epsilon_{F}$ the Fermi energy, $\tau$ the electron lifetime) by employing the Kubo formula. We find ... More

Multi-Label Zero-Shot Human Action Recognition via Joint Latent Ranking EmbeddingSep 15 2017Feb 06 2019Human action recognition refers to automatic recognizing human actions from a video clip. In reality, there often exist multiple human actions in a video stream. Such a video stream is often weakly-annotated with a set of relevant human action labels ... More

On an Inversion Theorem for Stratonovich's Signatures of Multidimensional Diffusion PathsApr 25 2013Oct 26 2014In the present paper, we prove that with probability one, the Stratonovich signatures of a multidimensional diffusion process (possibly degenerate) over [0,1], which is the collection of all iterated Stratonovich's integrals of the diffusion process over ... More

SQL for SRL: Structure Learning Inside a Database SystemJul 02 2015The position we advocate in this paper is that relational algebra can provide a unified language for both representing and computing with statistical-relational objects, much as linear algebra does for traditional single-table machine learning. Relational ... More

On the Finite Dimensional Joint Characteristic Function of Lévy's Stochastic Area ProcessesJun 06 2012The goal of this paper is to derive a formula for the finite dimensional joint characteristic function (the Fourier transform of the finite dimensional distribution) of the coupled process ${(W_{t},L_{t}^{A}):t\in \lbrack 0,\infty)}$, where $\{W_{t}:t\in ... More

Quasi-sure convergence theorem in $p$-variation distance for stochastic differential equationsApr 25 2012In this paper by calculating carefully the capacities (defined by high order Sobolev norms on the Wiener space) for some functions of Brownian motion, we show that the dyadic approximations of the sample paths of the Brownian motion converge in the $p$-variation ... More

Spin dynamics from time-dependent spin density-functional theoryAug 11 2001We derive the spin-wave dynamics of a magnetic material from the time-dependent spin density functional theory in the linear response regime. The equation of motion for the magnetization includes, besides the static spin stiffness, a "Berry curvature" ... More

The least common multiple of consecutive quadratic progression termsAug 25 2012Apr 03 2014Let $k$ be an arbitrary given positive integer and let $f(x)\in {\mathbb Z}[x]$ be a quadratic polynomial with $a$ and $D$ as its leading coefficient and discriminant, respectively. Associated to the least common multiple ${\rm lcm}_{0\le i\le k}\{f(n+i)\}$ ... More

Quantization and Corrections of Adiabatic Particle Transport in a Periodic Ratchet PotentialJan 08 2002Aug 13 2002We study the transport of an overdamped particle adiabatically driven by an asymmetric potential which is periodic in both space and time. We develop an adiabatic perturbation theory after transforming the Fokker-Planck equation into a time-dependent ... More

Neural network state estimation for full quantum state tomographyNov 16 2018Nov 19 2018An efficient state estimation model, neural network estimation (NNE), empowered by machine learning techniques, is presented for full quantum state tomography (FQST). A parameterized function based on neural network is applied to map the measurement outcomes ... More

On the number of hyperelliptic limit cycles of Liénard systemsOct 13 2017Apr 09 2018In this paper, we study the maximum number, denoted by $H(m,n)$, of hyperelliptic limit cycles of the Li\'enard systems $$\dot x=y, \qquad \dot y=-f_m(x)y-g_n(x),$$ where, respectively, $f_m(x)$ and $g_n(x)$ are real polynomials of degree $m$ and $n$, ... More

Near Optimal Control of a Ride-Hailing Platform via Mirror BackpressureMar 07 2019Ride-hailing platforms need to match supply and demand so as to maximize the rate of payoff generation while respecting the geographical flow constraints, namely, that the rate at which vehicles arrive at a location must equal the rate at which they leave ... More

Topical differences between Chinese language Twitter and Sina WeiboDec 22 2015Sina Weibo, China's most popular microblogging platform, is currently used by over $500M$ users and is considered to be a proxy of Chinese social life. In this study, we contrast the discussions occurring on Sina Weibo and on Chinese language Twitter ... More

Robust Dropping Criteria for F-norm Minimization Based Sparse Approximate Inverse PreconditioningMar 11 2012Mar 16 2015Dropping tolerance criteria play a central role in Sparse Approximate Inverse preconditioning. Such criteria have received, however, little attention and have been treated heuristically in the following manner: If the size of an entry is below some empirically ... More

A PAM method for computing Wasserstein barycenter with unknown supports in D2-clusteringSep 17 2018Oct 04 2018A Wasserstein barycenter is the centroid of a collection of discrete probability distributions that minimizes the average of the $\ell_2$-Wasserstein distance. This paper concerns with the computation of a Wasserstein barycenter under the case where the ... More

The Dynamics of Zeroth-Order Ultrasensitivity: A Critical Phenomenon in Cell BiologyMay 28 2012It is well known since the pioneering work of Goldbeter and Koshland [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, vol. 78, pp. 6840-6844 (1981)] that cellular phosphorylation- dephosphorylation cycle (PdPC), catalyzed by kinase and phosphatase under saturated condition ... More

The Sampling-and-Learning Framework: A Statistical View of Evolutionary AlgorithmsJan 24 2014Apr 11 2014Evolutionary algorithms (EAs), a large class of general purpose optimization algorithms inspired from the natural phenomena, are widely used in various industrial optimizations and often show excellent performance. This paper presents an attempt towards ... More

Period variations and long-term cyclic changes in the light curve for the very short-period K-type contact binary YZ PheJan 02 2019YZ Phe is a very short-period contact binary (Sp.= K2 V) with an orbital period of 0.2347 days near the short period limit (0.22\,d). Here we present the complete light curves in $VRI$ bands, which photometric data were obtained with the 0.61-m reflector ... More

Strong nodeless pairing on separate electron Fermi surface sheets in (Tl, K)Fe$_{1.78}$Se$_2$ probed by ARPESJan 25 2011We performed a high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of the Tl$_{0.63}$K$_{0.37}$Fe$_{1.78}$Se$_2$ superconductor ($T_c=29$ K). We show the existence of two electronlike bands at the M$(\pi, 0)$ point which cross the Fermi level ... More

Topological nature of FeSe$_{0.5}$Te$_{0.5}$ superconductorJun 22 2015We demonstrate, using first-principles calculations, that the electronic structure of FeSe$_{1-x}$Te$_{x}$ ($x$=0.5) is topologically non-trivial, characterized by an odd $\mathbb Z_2$ invariant and Dirac cone type surface states, in sharp contrast to ... More

Physical Properties and Evolutionary States of EA-type Eclipsing Binaries Observed by LAMOSTDec 25 2017About 3196 EA-type binaries (EAs) were observed by LAMOST by June 16, 2017 and their spectral types were derived. Meanwhile stellar atmospheric parameters of 2020 EAs were determined. In the paper, those EAs are catalogued and their physical properties ... More

Response of gadolinium doped liquid scintillator to charged particles: measurement based on intrinsic U/Th contaminationJan 11 2018Mar 06 2018A measurement is reported for the response to charged particles of a liquid scintillator named EJ-335 doped with 0.5% gadolinium by weight. This liquid scintillator was used as the detection medium in a neutron detector. The measurement is based on the ... More

Observation of anomalous temperature dependence of spectrum on small Fermi surfaces in a BiS2-based superconductorFeb 08 2014We performed an angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of the BiS2-based superconductor Nd(O,F)BiS2. Two small electron-like Fermi surfaces around X (pi, 0) are observed, which enclose 2.4% and 1.1% of the Brillouin zone area, respectively, corresponding ... More

Observation of an electron band above the Fermi level in FeTe$_{0.55}$Se$_{0.45}$ from \emph{in-situ} surface dopingSep 30 2014Oct 18 2014We used \emph{in-situ} potassium (K) evaporation to dope the surface of the iron-based superconductor FeTe$_{0.55}$Se$_{0.45}$. The systematic study of the bands near the Fermi level confirms that electrons are doped into the system, allowing us to tune ... More

Study of the A(e,e'$π^+$) Reaction on $^1$H, $^2$H, $^{12}$C, $^{27}$Al, $^{63}$Cu and $^{197}$AuAug 12 2009Cross sections for the p($e,e'\pi^{+}$)n process on $^1$H, $^2$H, $^{12}$C, $^{27}$Al, $^{63}$Cu and $^{197}$Au targets were measured at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) in order to extract the nuclear transparencies. ... More

Absence of holelike Fermi surface in superconducting K0.8Fe1.7Se2 revealed by ARPESDec 29 2010We have performed an angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of the new iron-based superconductor K0.8Fe1.7Se2 (Tc ~ 30 K). Clear band dispersion is observed with the overall bandwidth renormalized by a factor of 2.5 compared to our local density ... More

Berry Phase Effect on Exciton Transport and Bose Einstein CondensateJan 08 2008Jul 28 2008With exciton lifetime much extended in semiconductor quantum-well structures, their transport and Bose-Einstein condensation become a focus of research in recent years. We reveal a momentum-space gauge field in the exciton center-of-mass dynamics due ... More

Analytical Mechanics in Stochastic Dynamics: Most Probable Path, Large-Deviation Rate Function and Hamilton-Jacobi EquationMay 28 2012Analytical (rational) mechanics is the mathematical structure of Newtonian deterministic dynamics developed by D'Alembert, Langrange, Hamilton, Jacobi, and many other luminaries of applied mathematics. Diffusion as a stochastic process of an overdamped ... More

Dissipation, Generalized Free Energy, and a Self-consistent Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of Chemically Driven Open SubsystemsJun 13 2011Jun 19 2013Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of a system situated in a sustained environment with influx and efflux is usually treated as a subsystem in a larger, closed "universe". It remains a question what the minimally required description for the surrounding of ... More

Mesoscopic Biochemical Basis of Isogenetic Inheritance and Canalization: Stochasticity, Nonlinearity, and Emergent LandscapeFeb 21 2012Biochemical reaction systems in mesoscopic volume, under sustained environmental chemical gradient(s), can have multiple stochastic attractors. Two distinct mechanisms are known for their origins: ($a$) Stochastic single-molecule events, such as gene ... More

Charge-Hall effect driven by spin force: reciprocal of the spin-Hall effectJun 18 2004A new kind of charge-Hall effect is shown. Unlike in the usual Hall effect, the driving force in the longitudinal direction is a spin force, which may originate from the gradient of a Zeeman field or a spin-dependent chemical potential. The transverse ... More

User-centric interdependent urban systems: using time-of-day electricity usage data to predict morning roadway congestionOct 23 2017Urban systems are interdependent as individuals' daily activities engage using those urban systems at certain time of day and locations. There may exist clear spatial and temporal correlations among usage patterns across all urban systems. This paper ... More

Several almost critical regularity conditions based on one component of the solutions for 3D N-S EquationsDec 28 2013In this article, we establish several almost critical regularity conditions such that the weak solutions of the 3D Navier-Stokes equations become regular, based on one component of the solutions, say $u_3$ and $\partial_3u_3$.

A Topological Way of Finding Solutions to Yang-Mills EquationJan 21 2019We propose a systematic way of finding solutions to classical Yang-Mills equation with non-trivial topology. This approach is based on one of Wightman axioms for quantum field theory, which is referred to as form invariance condition in this letter. For ... More

Optimal consumption and portfolio choice with ambiguityJan 08 2014We consider optimal consumption and portfolio choice in the presence of Knightian uncertainty in continuous-time. We embed the problem into the new framework of stochastic calculus for such settings, dealing in particular with the issue of non-equivalent ... More

Sobolev inequalities on product Sierpinski spacesAug 23 2017On fractals, different measures (mutually singular in general) are involved to measure volumes of sets and energies of functions. Singularity of measures brings difficulties in (especially non-linear) analysis on fractals. In this paper, we prove a type ... More