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Linearized SQUID Array (LISA) for High Bandwidth Frequency-Domain Readout MultiplexingJan 14 2009We have designed and demonstrated a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) array linearized with cryogenic feedback. To achieve the necessary loop gain a 300 element series array SQUID is constructed from three monolithic 100-element series ... More

Tunneling spectroscopy using a probe qubitOct 23 2012Jan 03 2013We describe a quantum tunneling spectroscopy technique that requires only low bandwidth control. The method involves coupling a probe qubit to the system under study to create a localized probe state. The energy of the probe state is then scanned with ... More

Evidence for temperature dependent spin-diffusion as a mechanism of intrinsic flux noise in SQUIDsJun 06 2013Dec 23 2013The intrinsic flux noise observed in superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) is thought to be due to the fluctuation of electron spin impurities, but the frequency and temperature dependence observed in experiments do not agree with the ... More

Demonstration of nonstoquastic Hamiltonian in coupled superconducting flux qubitsMar 14 2019Mar 15 2019Quantum annealing (QA) is a heuristic algorithm for finding low-energy configurations of a system, with applications in optimization, machine learning, and quantum simulation. Up to now, all implementations of QA have been limited to qubits coupled via ... More

A Compound Josephson Junction Coupler for Flux Qubits With Minimal CrosstalkApr 24 2009Jul 16 2009An improved tunable coupling element for building networks of coupled rf-SQUID flux qubits has been experimentally demonstrated. This new form of coupler, based upon the compound Josephson junction rf-SQUID, provides a sign and magnitude tunable mutual ... More

A scalable readout system for a superconducting adiabatic quantum optimization systemMay 06 2009Sep 16 2010We have designed, fabricated and tested an XY-addressable readout system that is specifically tailored for the reading of superconducting flux qubits in an integrated circuit that could enable adiabatic quantum optimization. In such a system, the flux ... More

Synchronization of Multiple Coupled rf-SQUID Flux QubitsMar 11 2009A practical strategy for synchronizing the properties of compound Josephson junction rf-SQUID qubits on a multiqubit chip has been demonstrated. The impacts of small ($\sim1%$) fabrication variations in qubit inductance and critical current can be minimized ... More

Architectural considerations in the design of a superconducting quantum annealing processorJan 21 2014We have developed a quantum annealing processor, based on an array of tunably coupled rf-SQUID flux qubits, fabricated in a superconducting integrated circuit process [1]. Implementing this type of processor at a scale of 512 qubits and 1472 programmable ... More

Landau-Zener Transitions in an Adiabatic Quantum ComputerJul 04 2008We report an experimental measurement of Landau-Zener transitions on an individual flux qubit within a multi-qubit superconducting chip designed for adiabatic quantum computation. The method used isolates a single qubit, tunes its tunneling amplitude ... More

Implementation of a Quantum Annealing Algorithm Using a Superconducting CircuitMar 23 2009A circuit consisting of a network of coupled compound Josephson junction rf-SQUID flux qubits has been used to implement an adiabatic quantum optimization algorithm. It is shown that detailed knowledge of the magnitude of the persistent current as a function ... More

Performance of a quantum annealer on range-limited constraint satisfaction problemsFeb 07 2015Sep 03 2015The performance of a D-Wave Vesuvius quantum annealer was recently compared to a suite of classical algorithms on a class of constraint satisfaction instances based on frustrated loops. However, the construction of these instances leads the maximum coupling ... More

A scalable control system for a superconducting adiabatic quantum optimization processorJul 22 2009Mar 24 2010We have designed, fabricated and operated a scalable system for applying independently programmable time-independent, and limited time-dependent flux biases to control superconducting devices in an integrated circuit. Here we report on the operation of ... More

Experimental Demonstration of a Robust and Scalable Flux QubitSep 24 2009A novel rf-SQUID flux qubit that is robust against fabrication variations in Josephson junction critical currents and device inductance has been implemented. Measurements of the persistent current and of the tunneling energy between the two lowest lying ... More

Probing High Frequency Noise with Macroscopic Resonant TunnelingMar 10 2011We have developed a method for extracting the high-frequency noise spectral density of an rf-SQUID flux qubit from macroscopic resonant tunneling (MRT) rate measurements. The extracted noise spectral density is consistent with that of an ohmic environment ... More

Geometrical dependence of low frequency noise in superconducting flux qubitsDec 01 2008A general method for directly measuring the low-frequency flux noise (below 10 Hz) in compound Josephson junction superconducting flux qubits has been used to study a series of 85 devices of varying design. The variation in flux noise across sets of qubits ... More

Experimental demonstration of perturbative anticrossing mitigation using non-uniform driver HamiltoniansAug 10 2017Perturbative anticrossings have long been identified as a potential computational bottleneck for quantum annealing. This bottleneck can appear, for example, when a uniform transverse driver Hamiltonian is applied to each qubit. Previous theoretical research ... More

Non-parametric modeling of the intra-cluster gas using APEX-SZ bolometer imaging dataNov 20 2009Sep 17 2010We demonstrate the usability of mm-wavelength imaging data obtained from the APEX-SZ bolometer array to derive the radial temperature profile of the hot intra-cluster gas out to radius r_500 and beyond. The goal is to study the physical properties of ... More

Experimental Investigation of an Eight Qubit Unit Cell in a Superconducting Optimization ProcessorApr 09 2010Jun 28 2010A superconducting chip containing a regular array of flux qubits, tunable interqubit inductive couplers, an XY-addressable readout system, on-chip programmable magnetic memory, and a sparse network of analog control lines has been studied. The architecture ... More

A frequency and sensitivity tunable microresonator array for high-speed quantum processor readoutSep 18 2015Apr 22 2016Superconducting microresonators have been successfully utilized as detection elements for a wide variety of applications. With multiplexing factors exceeding 1,000 detectors per transmission line, they are the most scalable low-temperature detector technology ... More

Observation of Co-tunneling in Pairs of Coupled Flux QubitsMay 31 2010We report measurements of macroscopic resonant tunneling between the two lowest energy states of a pair of magnetically coupled rf-SQUID flux qubits. This technique provides a direct means of observing two-qubit dynamics and a probe of the environment ... More

Entanglement in a quantum annealing processorJan 15 2014Entanglement lies at the core of quantum algorithms designed to solve problems that are intractable by classical approaches. One such algorithm, quantum annealing (QA), provides a promising path to a practical quantum processor. We have built a series ... More

Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Observations of the Bullet Cluster (1E 0657-56) with APEX-SZJul 26 2008Jun 06 2009We present observations of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) in the Bullet cluster (1E 0657--56) using the APEX-SZ instrument at 150 GHz with a resolution of 1 arcmin. The main results are maps of the SZE in this massive, merging galaxy cluster. The ... More

Multi-frequency imaging of the galaxy cluster Abell 2163 using the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich EffectFeb 12 2009Nov 06 2009We used the APEX-SZ and LABOCA bolometer cameras on the APEX telescope to map the decrement of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect at 150 GHz and the increment at 345 GHz toward the galaxy cluster Abell 2163. The SZE images were used to model the radial density ... More

Constraints on the High-l Power Spectrum of Millimeter-wave Anisotropies from APEX-SZApr 27 2009Aug 15 2009We present measurements of the angular power spectrum of millimeter wave anisotropies with the APEX-SZ instrument. APEX-SZ has mapped 0.8 square degrees of sky at a frequency of 150 GHz with an angular resolution of 1'. These new measurements significantly ... More

Emulating the coherent Ising machine with a mean-field algorithmJun 21 2018The coherent Ising machine is an optical processor that uses coherent laser pulses, but does not employ coherent quantum dynamics in a computational role. Core to its operation is the iterated simulation of all-to-all spin coupling via mean-field calculation ... More

Galaxy cluster scaling relations measured with APEX-SZApr 28 2014Apr 27 2015We present thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) measurements for 42 galaxy clusters observed at 150 GHz with the APEX-SZ experiment. For each cluster, we model the pressure profile and calculate the integrated Comptonization $Y$ to estimate the total ... More

Degeneracy, degree, and heavy tails in quantum annealingDec 23 2015Apr 26 2016Both simulated quantum annealing and physical quantum annealing have shown the emergence of "heavy tails" in their performance as optimizers: The total time needed to solve a set of random input instances is dominated by a small number of very hard instances. ... More

Demonstration of nonstoquastic Hamiltonian in coupled superconducting flux qubitsMar 14 2019Quantum annealing (QA) is a heuristic algorithm for finding low-energy configurations of a system, with applications in optimization, machine learning, and quantum simulation. Up to now, all implementations of QA have been limited to qubits coupled via ... More

Millimeter-wave bolometer array receiver for the Atacama pathfinder experiment Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (APEX-SZ) instrumentAug 02 2010Apr 17 2012The Atacama pathfinder experiment Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (APEX-SZ) instrument is a millimeter-wave cryogenic receiver designed to observe galaxy clusters via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect from the 12 m APEX telescope on the Atacama plateau in Chile. The receiver ... More

Frequency Multiplexed SQUID Readout of Large Bolometer Arrays for Cosmic Microwave Background MeasurementsDec 19 2011Jul 17 2012A technological milestone for experiments employing Transition Edge Sensor (TES) bolometers operating at sub-kelvin temperature is the deployment of detector arrays with 100s--1000s of bolometers. One key technology for such arrays is readout multiplexing: ... More

Galaxy clusters discovered with a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect surveyOct 09 2008Jul 25 2009The South Pole Telescope (SPT) is conducting a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect survey over large areas of the southern sky, searching for massive galaxy clusters to high redshift. In this preliminary study, we focus on a 40 square-degree area targeted ... More

The 10 Meter South Pole TelescopeJul 25 2009Mar 04 2011The South Pole Telescope (SPT) is a 10 m diameter, wide-field, offset Gregorian telescope with a 966-pixel, multi-color, millimeter-wave, bolometer camera. It is located at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole station in Antarctica. The design of the SPT emphasizes ... More

Quantum transitions induced by the third cumulant of current fluctuationsJun 23 2005Oct 14 2005We investigate the transitions induced by external current fluctuations on a small probe quantum system. The rates for the transitions between the energy states are calculated using the real-time Keldysh formalism for the density matrix evolution. We ... More

Momentum-space structure of surface states in a topological semimetal with a nexus point of Dirac linesApr 21 2016Jun 27 2016Three-dimensional topological semimetals come in different variants, either containing Weyl points or Dirac lines. Here we describe a more complicated momentum-space topological defect where several separate Dirac lines connect with each other, forming ... More

Lattice QCD study of $g_A^{N^*N^*}$ with two flavors of dynamical quarksNov 13 2007We report the first lattice QCD result of the axial charge of N(1535), $g_A^{N^*N^*}$. The measurement is performed with two flavors of dynamical quarks employing the renormalization-group improved gauge action at $\beta$=1.95 and the mean-field improved ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part II: The Universal CoveringsNov 30 1995Apr 26 1996A set of simple rules for constructing the maximal (e.g. analytic) extensions for any metric with a Killing field in an (effectively) two-dimensional spacetime is formulated. The application of these rules is extremely straightforward, as is demonstrated ... More

Pre-critical Chiral Fluctuations in Nuclear Medium -- precursors of chiral restoration at $ρ_{B}\not=0 --Feb 10 1999Feb 26 1999It is shown that an enhancement in the spectral function near 2$m_{\pi}$ threshold in the I=J=0 channel is a good signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear medium. Several experiments are discussed to detect the enhancement, which ... More

Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Jan 23 2008We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with ... More

A Z$_2$ index of Dirac operator with time reversal symmetryMay 22 2009With time reversal symmetry a Dirac operator has vanishing index and Chern number. We show that we can nevertheless define a nontrivial Z$_2$ index as well as a corresponding topological invariant given by gauge field, which implies that such a Dirac ... More

Quantization of non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systemsMar 18 2009We present a quantized non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systems such as quantum spin Hall effect. Ordinary Berry phase is defined by an integral of Berry's gauge potential along a loop (an integral of the Chern-Simons one-form), whereas ... More

Thermal Field Theory and Infinite StatisticsJun 17 1992Oct 28 1992We construct a quantum thermal field theory for scalar particles in the case of infinite statistics. The extension is provided by working out the Fock space realization of a "quantum algebra", and by identifying the hamiltonian as the energy operator. ... More

A Study of a Real-Time Operating System on the Intel-Based Vme ControllersNov 09 2001Dec 17 2001In this paper, we described the performance differences between VME-based controllers, HP743rt/HP-RT and IA-based platforms. We measured some kind of real-time benchmarks and discussed a relation of architecture dependences.

Tension Dynamics and Linear Viscoelastic Behavior of a Single Semiflexible Polymer ChainMar 12 2009We study the dynamical response of a single semiflexible polymer chain based on the theory developed by Hallatschek et al. for the wormlike-chain model. The linear viscoelastic response under oscillatory forces acting at the two chain ends is derived ... More

Comment on a Paper by Yucai Su On Jacobian ConjectureDec 21 2005The said paper [2] entitled "Proof Of Two Dimensional Jacobian Conjecture" is with gaps.

Stops in R-parity Breaking Model for High-$Q^2$ Events at HERAApr 03 1997We investigate an event excess in the reaction $e^+p \to e^+ X$ with large $x$ and high $Q^2$ observed at HERA and show that the events could naturally be interpreted as a signature of the production of the scalar top quarks (stops) in a supersymmetric ... More

Stochastic Variational Method as Quantization Scheme I: Field Quantization of Complex Klein-Gordan EquationJun 28 2013Jun 24 2014Stochastic Variational Method (SVM) is the generalization of the variation method to the case with stochastic variables. In the series of papers, we investigate the applicability of SVM as an alternative field quantization scheme. Here, we discuss the ... More

Dynamical Origin of Power SpectraDec 27 2008We discuss a possible origin of Tsallis' statistics from the correlation among constituents which reduces the phase space of the system. We also show that in the system of coupled linear harmonic oscillators can exhibit a Tsallis type behavior.

Memory Effects and Transport Coefficients for Non-Newtonian FluidsDec 22 2008We discuss the roles of viscosity in relativistic fluid dynamics from the point of view of memory effects. Depending on the type of quantity to which the memory effect is applied, different terms appear in higher order corrections. We show that when the ... More

Asymptotic behavior for quadratic variations of non-Gaussian multiparameter Hermite random fieldsNov 11 2016Dec 21 2017Let $(Z^{q, H}_t)_{t \in [0, 1]^d}$ denote a $d$-parameter Hermite random field of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H = (H_1, \ldots, H_d) \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)^d$. This process is $H$-self-similar, has stationary increments and exhibits ... More

Explicit Global Coordinates for Schwarzschild and Reissner-NordstroemJul 05 1995Mar 16 1996We construct coordinate systems that cover all of the Reissner-Nordstroem solution with m>|q| and m=|q|, respectively. This is possible by means of elementary analytical functions. The limit of vanishing charge q provides an alternative to Kruskal which, ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part I: A Unifying ApproachAug 08 1995Aug 11 1997We provide a concise approach to generalized dilaton theories with and without torsion and coupling to Yang-Mills fields. Transformations on the space of fields are used to trivialize the field equations locally. In this way their solution becomes accessible ... More

QCD Phenomenology based on a Chiral Effective LagrangianJan 23 1994We review the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) approach to the dynamical breaking of chiral symmetry in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The subjects treated in Part I include the vacuum structure of QCD, mass spectra and coupling constants of hadrons, flavor mixing ... More

Perturbative calculation of the spin-wave dispersion in a disordered double-exchange modelJun 05 2004We study the spin-wave dispersion of localized spins in a disordered double-exchange model using the perturbation theory with respect to the strength of the disorder potential. We calculate the dispersion upto the next-leading order, and extensively examine ... More

A Solution to the Doublet-Triplet Splitting Problem in the Type IIB SupergravityAug 11 2002The doublet--triplet mass splitting problem is one of the most serious problems in supersymmetric grand unified theories (GUTs). A class of models based on a product gauge group, such as the SU(5)_{GUT} times U(3)_H or the SU(5)_{GUT} times U(2)_H, realize ... More

Correlation function of the Schur process with a fixed final partitionApr 25 2008May 08 2008We consider a generalization of the Schur process in which a partition evolves from the empty partition into an arbitrary fixed final partition. We obtain a double integral representation of the correlation kernel. For a special final partition with only ... More

Fluctuations of the one-dimensional polynuclear growth model with external sourcesJun 01 2004The one-dimensional polynuclear growth model with external sources at edges is studied. The height fluctuation at the origin is known to be given by either the Gaussian, the GUE Tracy-Widom distribution, or certain distributions called GOE$^2$ and $F_0$, ... More

Solving the Gravitino Problem by AxinoJun 19 2000Oct 11 2000In a large class of supersymmetric (SUSY) axion model the mass of axino $\axino$ (a fermionic superpartner of the axion) is predicted as $m_{\axino} \lesssim {\cal O}(1)$ keV. Thus, the axino is the lightest SUSY particle (LSP). We pointed out that such ... More

Semiclassical ionization dynamics of the hydrogen molecular ion in an electric field of arbitrary orientationOct 12 2004Quasi-static models of barrier suppression have played a major role in our understanding of the ionization of atoms and molecules in strong laser fields. Despite their success, in the case of diatomic molecules these studies have so far been restricted ... More

Analysis of atmospheric neutrino oscillations in three-flavor neutrinosMar 06 2000We analyze the atmospheric neutrino experiments of Super-Kamiokande (830-920 live days) using the three-flavor neutrino framework with the mass hierarchy m_1 nearly equal m_2 << m_3. We study the sub-GeV, multi- GeV neutrinos and upward through-going ... More

Atmospheric neutrino oscillations in three-flavor neutrinosMay 20 1998We analyzed the atmospheric neutrino experiments of SuperKamiokande including zenith angle dependence's using the three-flavor neutrino framework with the hierarchy m^2_1 \approx m^2_2<<m^2_3. Taking into account the terrestrial, solar neutrino experimental ... More

Numerical Study of a Propagating Non-Thermal Microwave Feature in a Solar Flare LoopJun 02 2008Jun 24 2008We analytically and numerically study the motion of electrons along a magnetic loop, to compare with the observation of the propagating feature of the non-thermal microwave source in the 1999 August 28 solar flare reported by Yokoyama et al. (2002). We ... More

Asymptotic behavior for quadratic variations of non-Gaussian multiparameter Hermite random fieldsNov 11 2016Let $(Z^{q, H}_t)_{t \in [0, 1]^d}$ denote a $d$-parameter Hermite random field of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H = (H_1, \ldots, H_d) \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)^d$. This process is $H$-self-similar, has stationary increments and exhibits ... More

Isospin Properties of ($K^-$, $N$) Reactions for the Formation of Deeply-bound Antikaonic NucleiFeb 01 2008Mar 31 2008The formation of deeply-bound antikaonic $K^-/\bar{K}^0$ nuclear states by nuclear ($K^-$, $N$) reactions is investigated theoretically within a distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA), considering the isospin properties of the Fermi-averaged $K^-+ ... More

Calculation of the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$,$n$) reaction for searching the deeply-bound $K^-pp$ stateMar 13 2007Jul 24 2007The formation of a deeply-bound $K^-pp$ state by the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$,$n$) reaction is investigated theoretically in the distorted-wave impulse approximation using the Green's function method. The expected inclusive and semi-exclusive spectra at ... More

The KdV hierarchy: universality and a Painleve transcendentJan 13 2011We study the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) hierarchy in the small dispersion limit where $\e\to 0$. For negative analytic initial data with a single negative hump, we prove that for small times, the solution is approximated by the solution ... More

Generalization of Uncertainty Relation for Quantum and Stochastic SystemsAug 01 2012Apr 04 2018The generalized uncertainty relation applicable to quantum and stochastic systems is derived within the stochastic variational method. This relation not only reproduces the well-known inequality in quantum mechanics but also is applicable to the Gross-Pitaevskii ... More

Navier-Stokes, Gross-Pitaevskii and Generalized Diffusion Equations using Stochastic Variational MethodJul 31 2011Aug 24 2011The stochastic variational method is applied to particle systems and continuum mediums. As the brief review of this method, we first discuss the application to particle Lagrangians and derive a diffusion-type equation and the Schr\"{o}dinger equation ... More

Statistical Mechanics for States with Complex Eigenvalues and Quasi-stable Semiclassical SystemsMay 15 2000Statistical mechanics for states with complex eigenvalues, which are described by Gel'fand triplet and represent unstable states like resonances, are discussed on the basis of principle of equal ${\it a priori}$ probability. A new entropy corresponding ... More

Non-Central Limit Theorem for Quadratic Functionals of Hermite-Driven Long Memory Moving Average ProcessesJul 27 2016May 18 2017Let $(Z_t^{(q, H)})_{t \geq 0}$ denote a Hermite process of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)$. Consider the Hermite-driven moving average process $$X_t^{(q, H)} = \int_0^t x(t-u) dZ^{(q, H)}(u), \qquad t \geq 0.$$ ... More

Dynamically equivalent ΛCDM equations with underlying Bianchi Type geometryMar 18 2019Solutions have been found for gravity coupled to electromagnetic field and a set of charged and uncharged perfect fluids for Bianchi Types VI_{(-1)}, VIII, IX, under the primary assumption of the existence of a conformal Killing vector field. The electromagnetic ... More

Orthogonal polynomials in several non-commuting variables. IIDec 29 2004In this paper we continue to investigate a certain class of Hankel-like positive definite kernels using their associated orthogonal polynomials. The main result of this paper is about the structure of this kind of kernels.

Supersymmetric Grand Unification Model with the Orbifold Symmetry Breaking in the Six Dimensional SupergravityAug 19 2001We construct supersymmetric (SUSY) grand unification (GUT) models in the six dimensional space-time where the GUT symmetry is broken down to the standard-model gauge group by a simple orbifolding T^2/Z_4 or T^2/Z_6 and a pair of massless Higgs doublets ... More

Semi-Simple Unification on T^6/Z_12 Orientifold in the Type IIB SupergravityAug 06 2001The semi-simple unification model based on SU(5)_GUT \times U(3)_H gauge group is an interesting extension of the minimal SU(5)_GUT grand unification theory (GUT), since it solves the two serious problems in the standard GUT: the triplet-doublet splitting ... More

Small Violation of Universal Yukawa Coupling and Neutrino Large MixingSep 15 2000We assume the universal Yukawa coupling (democratic mass matrix) with small violations for quarks, charged leptons and neutrinos masses. We could reproduce the mass hierarchy for quark masses and V_{CKM} matrix elements precisely. We adopt the see-saw ... More

Dynamics of a tagged particle in the asymmetric exclusion process with the step initial conditionFeb 02 2007Jul 06 2007The one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) is considered. We study the time evolution property of a tagged particle in TASEP with the step-type initial condition. Calculated is the multi-time joint distribution function of ... More

Polynuclear growth model, GOE$^2$ and random matrix with deterministic sourceNov 17 2004We present a random matrix interpretation of the distribution functions which have appeared in the study of the one-dimensional polynuclear growth (PNG) model with external sources. It is shown that the distribution, GOE$^2$, which is defined as the square ... More

Fluctuations of a one-dimensional polynuclear growth model in a half spaceJul 01 2003We consider the multi-point equal time height fluctuations of a one-dimensional polynuclear growth model in a half space. For special values of the nucleation rate at the origin, the multi-layer version of the model is reduced to a determinantal process, ... More

Quark beta decay in an inhomogeneous chiral phase and cooling of hybrid starsSep 28 2012We discuss the cooling of hybrid stars by considering the neutrino emission from quark matter. As a current topic the appearance of various inhomogeneous chiral phases have been studied near the chiral transition. Here we consider the dual-chiral-density-wave ... More

Streda formula for the Hofstadter-Wilson-Dirac model in two and four dimensionsSep 09 2016Nov 29 2016We rederive the spectral asymmetry of the Wilson-Dirac model in external fields, paying attention to the Chern number due to the Berry connection. We interpret the smooth part of the spectral asymmetry as the Streda formula that is originally derived ... More

Intelligent Unmanned Explorer for Deep Space ExplorationApr 30 2008asteroids or comets have received remarkable attention in the world. In small body explorations, especially, detailed in-situ surface exploration by tiny rover is one of effective and fruitful means and is expected to make strong contributions towards ... More

Searching for g modes: Part II. Unconfirmed g-mode detection in the power spectrum of the time series of round-trip travel timeMar 09 2019The recent claimed detection of g modes was obtained from the analysis of the power spectrum of the time series of round-trip travel time of p modes. The goal of this paper is to reproduce these results on which the claims are based for confirming or ... More

Novel Effect Induced by Spacetime Curvature in Quantum HydrodynamicsNov 02 2018Apr 26 2019The interplay between quantum fluctuation and spacetime curvature is shown to induce an additional quantum-curvature (QC) term in the energy-momentum tensor of fluid using the generalized framework of the stochastic variational method (SVM). The QC term ... More

Transport Coefficients of Non-Newtonian Fluid and Causal Dissipative HydrodynamicsJun 23 2008Oct 20 2008A new formula to calculate the transport coefficients of the causal dissipative hydrodynamics is derived by using the projection operator method (Mori-Zwanzig formalism) in [T. Koide, Phys. Rev. E75, 060103(R) (2007)]. This is an extension of the Green-Kubo-Nakano ... More

Variational Principle of Hydrodynamics and Quantization by Stochastic ProcessDec 19 2014Jan 05 2015The well-known hydrodynamical representation of the Schr\"{o}dinger equation is reformulated by extending the idea of Nelson-Yasue's stochastic variational method. The fluid flow is composed by the two stochastic processes from the past and the future, ... More

Thermodynamic Laws and Equipartition Theorem in Relativistic Brownian MotionFeb 16 2011Apr 27 2011We extend the stochastic energetics to a relativistic system. The thermodynamic laws and equipartition theorem are discussed for a relativistic Brownian particle and the first and the second law of thermodynamics in this formalism are derived. The relation ... More

The Configuration Space of Low-dimensional Yang-Mills TheoriesJan 26 1998We discuss the construction of the physical configuration space for Yang-Mills quantum mechanics and Yang-Mills theory on a cylinder. We explicitly eliminate the redundant degrees of freedom by either fixing a gauge or introducing gauge invariant variables. ... More

A Global View of Kinks in 1+1 GravityJul 25 1997Following Finkelstein and Misner, kinks are non-trivial field configurations of a field theory, and different kink-numbers correspond to different disconnected components of the space of allowed field configurations for a given topology of the base manifold. ... More

Complete Classification of 1+1 Gravity SolutionsNov 25 1997A classification of the maximally extended solutions for 1+1 gravity models (comprising e.g. generalized dilaton gravity as well as models with non-trivial torsion) is presented. No restrictions are placed on the topology of the arising solutions, and ... More

The $σ$-meson and $π$-$π$ Correlation in Hot/Dense Medium: soft modes for chiral transition in QCDDec 11 2001After a brief overview of the realization of chiral symmetry in hot and/or dense medium, the implications of the existence of a light scalar-isoscalar meson (which we call $\sigma$ throughout this report) are discussed in the vacuum and in the medium. ... More

Geometric Origin of Large Lepton Mixing in a Higher Dimensional SpacetimeMay 09 2002Aug 02 2002The large mixing in the lepton sector observed in the recent neutrino-oscillation experiments strongly suggest that nature of left-handed lepton doublets is very different from that of left-handed quark doublets. This means that there is a big disparity ... More

Higher Dimensional Supersymmetry as an Origin of the Three Families for Quarks and LeptonsJan 11 2002May 09 2002In a (0,1) supersymmetric (SUSY) six-dimensional gauge theory, a gauge fermion gives rise to box anomalies. These anomalies are completely canceled by assuming a vector multiplet of (1,1) SUSY. With a T^2/Z_3 orbifold compactification of the extra two ... More

N = 2 Supersymmetry in a Hybrid Inflation ModelNov 30 2000The slow roll inflation requires an extremely flat inflaton potential. The supersymmetry (SUSY) is not only motivated from the gauge hierarchy problem, but also from stabilizing that flatness of the inflaton potential against radiative corrections. However, ... More

Polarized light flavor sea-quark asymmetry in polarized semi-inclusive processesMay 11 1999Oct 08 1999We propose new formulas for extracting a difference of the polarized light sea-quark density, $\Delta\bar d(x)-\Delta\bar u(x)$, from polarized deep-inelastic semi-inclusive data. We have estimated the value of it from the present experimental data measured ... More

Z$_2$ index theorem for Majorana zero modes in a class D topological superconductorSep 14 2010Oct 28 2010We propose a Z$_2$ index theorem for a generic topological superconductor in class D. Introducing a particle-hole symmetry breaking term depending on a parameter and regarding it as a coordinate of an extra dimension, we define the index of the zero modes ... More

Non-Central Limit Theorem for Quadratic Functionals of Hermite-Driven Long Memory Moving Average ProcessesJul 27 2016Let $(Z_t^{(q, H)})_{t \geq 0}$ denote a Hermite process of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)$. Consider the Hermite-driven moving average process $$X_t^{(q, H)} = \int_0^t x(t-u) dZ^{(q, H)}(u), \qquad t \geq 0.$$ ... More

Simulation Study of Solar Plasma Eruptions Caused by Interactions between Emerging Flux and Coronal Arcade FieldsOct 01 2014We investigate the triggering mechanisms of plasma eruptions in the solar atmosphere due to interactions between emerging flux and coronal arcade fields by using two-dimensional MHD simulations. We perform parameter surveys with respect to arcade field ... More

Solitonic asymptotics for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small dispersion limitNov 30 2009We study the small dispersion limit for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t+6uu_x+\epsilon^{2}u_{xxx}=0$ in a critical scaling regime where $x$ approaches the trailing edge of the region where the KdV solution shows oscillatory behavior. Using the ... More

Painleve II asymptotics near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small dispersion limitDec 22 2008In the small dispersion limit, solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries equation develop an interval of fast oscillations after a certain time. We obtain a universal asymptotic expansion for the Korteweg-de Vries solution near the leading edge of the oscillatory ... More

Relativistic generalization of Brownian MotionOct 10 2007The relativistic generalization of the Brownian motion is discussed. We show that the transformation property of the noise term is determined by requiring for the equilibrium distribution function to be Lorentz invariant, such as the J\"uttner distribution ... More

Theory of Stochastic Shock Drift Acceleration for Electrons in the Shock Transition RegionMar 06 2019We propose a novel electron acceleration mechanism, which we call stochastic shock drift acceleration (SSDA), that extends the standard shock drift acceleration (SDA) for low-energy electrons at a quasi-perpendicular shock to include the effect of stochastic ... More