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Automatic brain tissue segmentation in fetal MRI using convolutional neural networksJun 11 2019MR images of fetuses allow clinicians to detect brain abnormalities in an early stage of development. The cornerstone of volumetric and morphologic analysis in fetal MRI is segmentation of the fetal brain into different tissue classes. Manual segmentation ... More

Testing Hadronic Interaction Models using a Highly Granular Silicon-Tungsten CalorimeterNov 23 2015The CALICE collaboration has published a detailed study of hadronic interactions using data recorded with the highly granular CALICE silicon-tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter (Si-W ECAL). Approximately 350,000 selected negative pion events at energies ... More

The International Linear Collider - Physics and PerspectivesJul 01 2016With the discovery of a Higgs boson at LHC, all particles of the Standard Model seem to have been observed experimentally, yet many questions are left unanswered. The discovery has intensified the planning for future high-energy colliders, which aim to ... More

Detailed Measurements of Shower Properties in a High Granularity Digital Electromagnetic CalorimeterJan 07 2018The MAPS prototype of the proposed ALICE Forward Calorimeter (FoCal) is the highest granularity electromagnetic calorimeter, with 39 million pixels of $30 \times 30 \mu$m$^{2}$. Particle showers can be studied with unprecedented detail with this prototype. ... More

PEN as self-vetoing structural MaterialAug 30 2017Polyethylene Naphtalate (PEN) is a mechanically very favorable polymer. Earlier it was found that thin foils made from PEN can have very high radio-purity compared to other commercially available foils. In fact, PEN is already in use for low background ... More

Limits on top FCNC decay t$\rightarrow$cH and t$\rightarrow$c$γ$ from CLIC at 380 GeVJan 14 2018FCNC top decays are very strongly suppressed in the Standard Model and the observation of any such decay would be a direct signature of physics beyond SM. Many "new physics" scenarios predict contributions to FCNC processes and the largest enhancement ... More

Performance of a GridPix TPC readout based on the Timepix3 chipFeb 06 2019With the ultimate goal of developing a pixel-based readout for a TPC at the ILC, a GridPix readout system consisting of one Timepix3 chip with an integrated amplification grid was embedded in a prototype detector. The performance was studied in a testbeam ... More

Detector Technologies for CLICMay 07 2019The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a high-energy high-luminosity linear electron-positron collider under development. It is foreseen to be built and operated in three stages, at centre-of-mass energies of 380 GeV, 1.5 TeV and 3 TeV, respectively. It ... More

Detailed studies of hadronic showers and comparison to GEANT4 simulations with data from highly granular calorimetersOct 14 2015The highly granular calorimeter prototypes of the CALICE collaboration have provided large data samples with precise three-dimensional information on hadronic showers with steel and tungsten absorbers and silicon, scintillator and gas detector readout. ... More

Hydrodynamics and FlowAug 20 2008In this lecture note, we present several topics on relativistic hydrodynamics and its application to relativistic heavy ion collisions. In the first part we give a brief introduction to relativistic hydrodynamics in the context of heavy ion collisions. ... More

CLIC Detector and Physics StatusMar 26 2017This contribution to LCWS2016 presents recent developments within the CLICdp collaboration. An updated scenario for the staged operation of CLIC has been published; the accelerator will operate at 380 GeV, 1.5 TeV and 3 TeV. The lowest energy stage is ... More

Determination of hexadecapole ($β_{4}$) deformation of the light-mass nucleus $^{24}$Mg using quasi-elastic measurementNov 30 2018Hexadecapole ($\beta_{4}$) deformation of the light-mass nucleus $^{24}$Mg has been determined from quasi-elastic measurements at backward angles using $^{16}$O and $^{24}$Mg beams and $^{90}$Zr target. Experimental data were compared with coupled channel ... More

Performance of the first prototype of the CALICE scintillator strip electromagnetic calorimeterNov 15 2013Jun 11 2014A first prototype of a scintillator strip-based electromagnetic calorimeter was built, consisting of 26 layers of tungsten absorber plates interleaved with planes of 45x10x3 mm3 plastic scintillator strips. Data were collected using a positron test beam ... More

Track segments in hadronic showers in a highly granular scintillator-steel hadron calorimeterMay 30 2013Jul 29 2013We investigate the three dimensional substructure of hadronic showers in the CALICE scintillator-steel hadronic calorimeter. The high granularity of the detector is used to find track segments of minimum ionising particles within hadronic showers, providing ... More

Event-plane flow analysis without non-flow effectsJan 25 2008Jan 20 2011The event-plane method, which is widely used to analyze anisotropic flow in nucleus-nucleus collisions, is known to be biased by nonflow effects,especially at high $p_t$. Various methods (cumulants, Lee-Yang zeroes) have been proposed to eliminate nonflow ... More

Validation of GEANT4 Monte Carlo Models with a Highly Granular Scintillator-Steel Hadron CalorimeterJun 13 2013Jun 15 2014Calorimeters with a high granularity are a fundamental requirement of the Particle Flow paradigm. This paper focuses on the prototype of a hadron calorimeter with analog readout, consisting of thirty-eight scintillator layers alternating with steel absorber ... More

Lattice QCD study of $g_A^{N^*N^*}$ with two flavors of dynamical quarksNov 13 2007We report the first lattice QCD result of the axial charge of N(1535), $g_A^{N^*N^*}$. The measurement is performed with two flavors of dynamical quarks employing the renormalization-group improved gauge action at $\beta$=1.95 and the mean-field improved ... More

Strange baryon resonance production in $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV $p+p$ and $Au+Au$ collisionsApr 27 2006Oct 11 2006We report the measurements of $\Sigma (1385)$ and $\Lambda (1520)$ production in $p+p$ and $Au+Au$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV from the STAR collaboration. The yields and the $p_{T}$ spectra are presented and discussed in terms of chemical ... More

First Measurements of Beam Backgrounds at SuperKEKBFeb 05 2018The high design luminosity of the SuperKEKB electron-positron collider is expected to result in challenging levels of beam-induced backgrounds in the interaction region. Properly simulating and mitigating these backgrounds is critical to the success of ... More

Quantum transitions induced by the third cumulant of current fluctuationsJun 23 2005Oct 14 2005We investigate the transitions induced by external current fluctuations on a small probe quantum system. The rates for the transitions between the energy states are calculated using the real-time Keldysh formalism for the density matrix evolution. We ... More

Momentum-space structure of surface states in a topological semimetal with a nexus point of Dirac linesApr 21 2016Jun 27 2016Three-dimensional topological semimetals come in different variants, either containing Weyl points or Dirac lines. Here we describe a more complicated momentum-space topological defect where several separate Dirac lines connect with each other, forming ... More

Beam-Energy and System-Size Dependence of Dynamical Net Charge FluctuationsJul 21 2008We present measurements of net charge fluctuations in $Au + Au$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 19.6, 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV, $Cu + Cu$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 62.4, 200 GeV, and $p + p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 200 GeV using the dynamical ... More

Topological stability of Majorana zero-modes in superconductor-topological insulator systemsNov 13 2009Jan 29 2010We derive an index theorem for zero-energy Majorana fermion modes in a superconductor-topological insulator system in both two and three dimensions, which is valid for models with chiral symmetry as well as particle-hole symmetry. For more generic models ... More

Varying Cu-Ti hybridization near the Fermi energy in Cu$_{x}$TiSe$_{2}$: Results from supercell calculationsDec 05 2006The properties of Cu$_{x}$TiSe$_{2}$ are studied by band structure calculation based on the density functional theory for supercells. The density-of-states (DOS) for $x$=0 has a sharply raising shoulder in the neighborhood of the Fermi energy, $E_F$, ... More

Deeply-bound $K^- pp$ state in the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$, $n$) spectrum and its moving pole near the $πΣN$ thresholdJun 19 2009Nov 06 2009The formation of a deeply-bound $K^- pp$ state with $I=1/2$, $J^\pi=0^-$ by the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$, $n$) reaction is theoretically investigated in a distorted-wave impulse approximation using the Green's function method. The expected inclusive and ... More

A Framework to Prevent QR Code Based Phishing AttacksJan 30 2016Though the rapid development and spread of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) making people's life much more easier, on the other hand it causing some serious threats to the society. Phishing is one of the most common cyber threat, that most ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part III: Solutions of Arbitrary TopologyJul 30 1996Aug 13 1997All global solutions of arbitrary topology of the most general 1+1 dimensional dilaton gravity models are obtained. We show that for a generic model there are globally smooth solutions on any non-compact 2-surface. The solution space is parametrized explicitly ... More

Precritical Chiral Fluctuations in NucleiJan 11 1999Spectral enhancement near 2 m_{\pi} threshold in the I=J=0 channel in nuclei is shown to be a distinct signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry. The relevance of this phenomenon with possible detection of 2\pi^{0} and 2\gamma in hadron-nucleus ... More

Computing nonlinear force free coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Knowledge of the structure of the coronal magnetic field is important for our understanding of many solar activity phenomena, e.g. flares and CMEs. However, the direct measurement of coronal magnetic fields is not possible with present methods, and therefore ... More

Cochlear-bone wave can yield a hearing sensation as well as otoacoustic emissionAug 10 2014A hearing sensation arises when the elastic basilar membrane inside the cochlea vibrates. The basilar membrane is typically set into motion through airborne sound that displaces the middle ear and induces a pressure difference across the membrane. A second, ... More

Non-empirical nuclear energy functionals, pairing gaps and odd-even mass differencesJul 06 2009First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such ... More

Non-empirical pairing functionalNov 27 2007Dec 07 2007The present contribution reports the first systematic finite-nucleus calculations performed using the Energy Density Functional method and a non-empirical pairing functional derived from low-momentum interactions. As a first step, the effects of Coulomb ... More

A Solution to the Polonyi Problem in the Minimum SUSY-GUTMar 16 1994We show that the Polonyi problem is solved in the minimum SUSY-GUT model in which a self-coupling strength for a heavy Higgs $\Sigma$, $\lambda\Sigma^{3}$, is very small $\lambda\sim 10^{-6}$. It is stressed that with this small $\lambda$ the mass of ... More

Spin physics in deep inelastic scattering: SummaryFeb 02 1999The problem of our understanding of the spin structure of the nucleon has been with us since the publication of the EMC measurements of the polarised structure function of the proton in 1987. In this talk a review of the results presented in Working Group ... More

Strong-coupling effects in the relaxation dynamics of ultracold neutral plasmasMar 01 2005We describe a hybrid molecular dynamics approach for the description of ultracold neutral plasmas, based on an adiabatic treatment of the electron gas and a full molecular dynamics simulation of the ions, which allows us to follow the long-time evolution ... More

Streda formula for the Hofstadter-Wilson-Dirac model in two and four dimensionsSep 09 2016We rederive the spectral asymmetry of the Wilson-Dirac model in external fields, paying attention to the Chern number due to the Berry connection. We interpret the smooth part of the spectral asymmetry as the Streda formula which is originally derived ... More

Towards a Generic Parametrisation of "New Physics" in Quark-Flavour MixingJun 05 2003We consider a special class of dimension-six operators which are assumed to be induced by some new physics with typical scales of order \Lambda. This special class are the operators with two quarks which can mediate transitions between quark flavours. ... More

Lie algebras and degenerate Affine Hecke Algebras of type AOct 30 1997Apr 21 1998We construct a family of exact functors from the BGG category of representations of the Lie algebra sl to the category of finite-dimensional representations of the degenerate (or graded) affine Hecke algebra H of GL. These functors transform Verma modules ... More

Coarse Graining in Hydrodynamics and Effects of FluctuationsOct 14 2013We address the physical meaning of hydrodynamic approach related with the coarse graining scale in the frame work of variational formulation. We point out that the local thermal equilibrium does not necessarily play a critical role in the description ... More

Navier-Stokes Equation by Stochastic Variational MethodMay 31 2011Aug 24 2011We show for the first time that the stochastic variational method can naturally derive the Navier-Stokes equation starting from the action of ideal fluid. In the frame work of the stochastic variational method, the dynamical variables are extended to ... More

Anisotropy of Low Energy Direct Photons in Relativistic Heavy Ion CollisionsMay 17 2016Jul 19 2016We investigate the behavior of low energy photons radiated by the deceleration processes of two colliding nuclei in relativistic heavy ion collisions using the Wigner function approach for electromagnetic radiation fields. The angular distribution reveals ... More

Comment on a Paper by Yucai Su On Jacobian Conjecture (Dec 30, 2005Apr 03 2006The said paper [Su2] entitled "Proof Of Two Dimensional Jacobian Conjecture" is false.

Comment on a Paper by Kuo, Parusinski and Paunescu On Jacobian ConjectureDec 22 2005The said paper entitled "A Proof Of The Plane Jacobian Conjecture" is not true.

Discovery of a Faint Old Stellar System at 150 kpcOct 29 2006We report the detection of a faint old stellar system at $(\alpha,\delta)=(194.29^\circ,~34.32^\circ)$ (SDSS J1257+3419), based on the spatial distribution of bright red-giant branch stars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 4. SDSS J1257+3419 ... More

A Calculation on the Self-field of a Point Charge and the Unruh EffectNov 01 1999Jul 24 2000Within the context of quantum field theory in curved spacetimes, Hacyan and Sarmiento defined the vacuum stress-energy tensor with respect to the accelerated observer. They calculated it for uniform acceleration and circular motion, and derived that the ... More

Explicit Global Coordinates for Schwarzschild and Reissner-NordstroemJul 05 1995Mar 16 1996We construct coordinate systems that cover all of the Reissner-Nordstroem solution with m>|q| and m=|q|, respectively. This is possible by means of elementary analytical functions. The limit of vanishing charge q provides an alternative to Kruskal which, ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part I: A Unifying ApproachAug 08 1995Aug 11 1997We provide a concise approach to generalized dilaton theories with and without torsion and coupling to Yang-Mills fields. Transformations on the space of fields are used to trivialize the field equations locally. In this way their solution becomes accessible ... More

QCD Phenomenology based on a Chiral Effective LagrangianJan 23 1994We review the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) approach to the dynamical breaking of chiral symmetry in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The subjects treated in Part I include the vacuum structure of QCD, mass spectra and coupling constants of hadrons, flavor mixing ... More

Perturbative calculation of the spin-wave dispersion in a disordered double-exchange modelJun 05 2004We study the spin-wave dispersion of localized spins in a disordered double-exchange model using the perturbation theory with respect to the strength of the disorder potential. We calculate the dispersion upto the next-leading order, and extensively examine ... More

A Solution to the Doublet-Triplet Splitting Problem in the Type IIB SupergravityAug 11 2002The doublet--triplet mass splitting problem is one of the most serious problems in supersymmetric grand unified theories (GUTs). A class of models based on a product gauge group, such as the SU(5)_{GUT} times U(3)_H or the SU(5)_{GUT} times U(2)_H, realize ... More

Correlation function of the Schur process with a fixed final partitionApr 25 2008May 08 2008We consider a generalization of the Schur process in which a partition evolves from the empty partition into an arbitrary fixed final partition. We obtain a double integral representation of the correlation kernel. For a special final partition with only ... More

Fluctuations of the one-dimensional polynuclear growth model with external sourcesJun 01 2004The one-dimensional polynuclear growth model with external sources at edges is studied. The height fluctuation at the origin is known to be given by either the Gaussian, the GUE Tracy-Widom distribution, or certain distributions called GOE$^2$ and $F_0$, ... More

Solving the Gravitino Problem by AxinoJun 19 2000Oct 11 2000In a large class of supersymmetric (SUSY) axion model the mass of axino $\axino$ (a fermionic superpartner of the axion) is predicted as $m_{\axino} \lesssim {\cal O}(1)$ keV. Thus, the axino is the lightest SUSY particle (LSP). We pointed out that such ... More

Semiclassical ionization dynamics of the hydrogen molecular ion in an electric field of arbitrary orientationOct 12 2004Quasi-static models of barrier suppression have played a major role in our understanding of the ionization of atoms and molecules in strong laser fields. Despite their success, in the case of diatomic molecules these studies have so far been restricted ... More

Numerical Study of a Propagating Non-Thermal Microwave Feature in a Solar Flare LoopJun 02 2008Jun 24 2008We analytically and numerically study the motion of electrons along a magnetic loop, to compare with the observation of the propagating feature of the non-thermal microwave source in the 1999 August 28 solar flare reported by Yokoyama et al. (2002). We ... More

Stochastic Variational Method as Quantization Scheme I: Hamiltonian Form and Uncertainty RelationAug 01 2012Oct 07 2013Stochastic Variational Method (SVM) is the generalization of the variation method to the case with stochastic variables. In this series of papers, we investigate the applicability of SVM as an alternative quantization scheme. In Part I, we discuss the ... More

Isospin Properties of ($K^-$, $N$) Reactions for the Formation of Deeply-bound Antikaonic NucleiFeb 01 2008Mar 31 2008The formation of deeply-bound antikaonic $K^-/\bar{K}^0$ nuclear states by nuclear ($K^-$, $N$) reactions is investigated theoretically within a distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA), considering the isospin properties of the Fermi-averaged $K^-+ ... More

Calculation of the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$,$n$) reaction for searching the deeply-bound $K^-pp$ stateMar 13 2007Jul 24 2007The formation of a deeply-bound $K^-pp$ state by the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$,$n$) reaction is investigated theoretically in the distorted-wave impulse approximation using the Green's function method. The expected inclusive and semi-exclusive spectra at ... More

Broadband lasers for photo-ionization and repumping of trapped ionsJan 24 2019A frequency-stable, broadband laser is presented for experiments on trapped ions. Since the design is based on widely available semiconductor optical amplifier technology, similar lasers can be realized for virtually any wavelength in the near-infrared, ... More

Generalization of Uncertainty Relation for Quantum and Stochastic SystemsAug 01 2012Apr 04 2018The generalized uncertainty relation applicable to quantum and stochastic systems is derived within the stochastic variational method. This relation not only reproduces the well-known inequality in quantum mechanics but also is applicable to the Gross-Pitaevskii ... More

Navier-Stokes, Gross-Pitaevskii and Generalized Diffusion Equations using Stochastic Variational MethodJul 31 2011Aug 24 2011The stochastic variational method is applied to particle systems and continuum mediums. As the brief review of this method, we first discuss the application to particle Lagrangians and derive a diffusion-type equation and the Schr\"{o}dinger equation ... More

Analysis of atmospheric neutrino oscillations in three-flavor neutrinosMar 06 2000We analyze the atmospheric neutrino experiments of Super-Kamiokande (830-920 live days) using the three-flavor neutrino framework with the mass hierarchy m_1 nearly equal m_2 << m_3. We study the sub-GeV, multi- GeV neutrinos and upward through-going ... More

Atmospheric neutrino oscillations in three-flavor neutrinosMay 20 1998We analyzed the atmospheric neutrino experiments of SuperKamiokande including zenith angle dependence's using the three-flavor neutrino framework with the hierarchy m^2_1 \approx m^2_2<<m^2_3. Taking into account the terrestrial, solar neutrino experimental ... More

Dynamically equivalent ΛCDM equations with underlying Bianchi Type geometryMar 18 2019Solutions have been found for gravity coupled to electromagnetic field and a set of charged and uncharged perfect fluids for Bianchi Types VI_{(-1)}, VIII, IX, under the primary assumption of the existence of a conformal Killing vector field. The electromagnetic ... More

The KdV hierarchy: universality and a Painleve transcendentJan 13 2011We study the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) hierarchy in the small dispersion limit where $\e\to 0$. For negative analytic initial data with a single negative hump, we prove that for small times, the solution is approximated by the solution ... More

Non-Central Limit Theorem for Quadratic Functionals of Hermite-Driven Long Memory Moving Average ProcessesJul 27 2016May 18 2017Let $(Z_t^{(q, H)})_{t \geq 0}$ denote a Hermite process of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)$. Consider the Hermite-driven moving average process $$X_t^{(q, H)} = \int_0^t x(t-u) dZ^{(q, H)}(u), \qquad t \geq 0.$$ ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part II: The Universal CoveringsNov 30 1995Apr 26 1996A set of simple rules for constructing the maximal (e.g. analytic) extensions for any metric with a Killing field in an (effectively) two-dimensional spacetime is formulated. The application of these rules is extremely straightforward, as is demonstrated ... More

Pre-critical Chiral Fluctuations in Nuclear Medium -- precursors of chiral restoration at $ρ_{B}\not=0 --Feb 10 1999Feb 26 1999It is shown that an enhancement in the spectral function near 2$m_{\pi}$ threshold in the I=J=0 channel is a good signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear medium. Several experiments are discussed to detect the enhancement, which ... More

Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Jan 23 2008We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with ... More

A Z$_2$ index of Dirac operator with time reversal symmetryMay 22 2009With time reversal symmetry a Dirac operator has vanishing index and Chern number. We show that we can nevertheless define a nontrivial Z$_2$ index as well as a corresponding topological invariant given by gauge field, which implies that such a Dirac ... More

Quantization of non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systemsMar 18 2009We present a quantized non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systems such as quantum spin Hall effect. Ordinary Berry phase is defined by an integral of Berry's gauge potential along a loop (an integral of the Chern-Simons one-form), whereas ... More

Thermal Field Theory and Infinite StatisticsJun 17 1992Oct 28 1992We construct a quantum thermal field theory for scalar particles in the case of infinite statistics. The extension is provided by working out the Fock space realization of a "quantum algebra", and by identifying the hamiltonian as the energy operator. ... More

A Study of a Real-Time Operating System on the Intel-Based Vme ControllersNov 09 2001Dec 17 2001In this paper, we described the performance differences between VME-based controllers, HP743rt/HP-RT and IA-based platforms. We measured some kind of real-time benchmarks and discussed a relation of architecture dependences.

Tension Dynamics and Linear Viscoelastic Behavior of a Single Semiflexible Polymer ChainMar 12 2009We study the dynamical response of a single semiflexible polymer chain based on the theory developed by Hallatschek et al. for the wormlike-chain model. The linear viscoelastic response under oscillatory forces acting at the two chain ends is derived ... More

Stops in R-parity Breaking Model for High-$Q^2$ Events at HERAApr 03 1997We investigate an event excess in the reaction $e^+p \to e^+ X$ with large $x$ and high $Q^2$ observed at HERA and show that the events could naturally be interpreted as a signature of the production of the scalar top quarks (stops) in a supersymmetric ... More

Stochastic Variational Method as Quantization Scheme I: Field Quantization of Complex Klein-Gordan EquationJun 28 2013Jun 24 2014Stochastic Variational Method (SVM) is the generalization of the variation method to the case with stochastic variables. In the series of papers, we investigate the applicability of SVM as an alternative field quantization scheme. Here, we discuss the ... More

Dynamical Origin of Power SpectraDec 27 2008We discuss a possible origin of Tsallis' statistics from the correlation among constituents which reduces the phase space of the system. We also show that in the system of coupled linear harmonic oscillators can exhibit a Tsallis type behavior.

Memory Effects and Transport Coefficients for Non-Newtonian FluidsDec 22 2008We discuss the roles of viscosity in relativistic fluid dynamics from the point of view of memory effects. Depending on the type of quantity to which the memory effect is applied, different terms appear in higher order corrections. We show that when the ... More

Comment on a Paper by Yucai Su On Jacobian ConjectureDec 21 2005The said paper [2] entitled "Proof Of Two Dimensional Jacobian Conjecture" is with gaps.

Orthogonal polynomials in several non-commuting variables. IIDec 29 2004In this paper we continue to investigate a certain class of Hankel-like positive definite kernels using their associated orthogonal polynomials. The main result of this paper is about the structure of this kind of kernels.

Supersymmetric Grand Unification Model with the Orbifold Symmetry Breaking in the Six Dimensional SupergravityAug 19 2001We construct supersymmetric (SUSY) grand unification (GUT) models in the six dimensional space-time where the GUT symmetry is broken down to the standard-model gauge group by a simple orbifolding T^2/Z_4 or T^2/Z_6 and a pair of massless Higgs doublets ... More

Semi-Simple Unification on T^6/Z_12 Orientifold in the Type IIB SupergravityAug 06 2001The semi-simple unification model based on SU(5)_GUT \times U(3)_H gauge group is an interesting extension of the minimal SU(5)_GUT grand unification theory (GUT), since it solves the two serious problems in the standard GUT: the triplet-doublet splitting ... More

Small Violation of Universal Yukawa Coupling and Neutrino Large MixingSep 15 2000We assume the universal Yukawa coupling (democratic mass matrix) with small violations for quarks, charged leptons and neutrinos masses. We could reproduce the mass hierarchy for quark masses and V_{CKM} matrix elements precisely. We adopt the see-saw ... More

Dynamics of a tagged particle in the asymmetric exclusion process with the step initial conditionFeb 02 2007Jul 06 2007The one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) is considered. We study the time evolution property of a tagged particle in TASEP with the step-type initial condition. Calculated is the multi-time joint distribution function of ... More

Polynuclear growth model, GOE$^2$ and random matrix with deterministic sourceNov 17 2004We present a random matrix interpretation of the distribution functions which have appeared in the study of the one-dimensional polynuclear growth (PNG) model with external sources. It is shown that the distribution, GOE$^2$, which is defined as the square ... More

Fluctuations of a one-dimensional polynuclear growth model in a half spaceJul 01 2003We consider the multi-point equal time height fluctuations of a one-dimensional polynuclear growth model in a half space. For special values of the nucleation rate at the origin, the multi-layer version of the model is reduced to a determinantal process, ... More

Quark beta decay in an inhomogeneous chiral phase and cooling of hybrid starsSep 28 2012We discuss the cooling of hybrid stars by considering the neutrino emission from quark matter. As a current topic the appearance of various inhomogeneous chiral phases have been studied near the chiral transition. Here we consider the dual-chiral-density-wave ... More

Streda formula for the Hofstadter-Wilson-Dirac model in two and four dimensionsSep 09 2016Nov 29 2016We rederive the spectral asymmetry of the Wilson-Dirac model in external fields, paying attention to the Chern number due to the Berry connection. We interpret the smooth part of the spectral asymmetry as the Streda formula that is originally derived ... More

Intelligent Unmanned Explorer for Deep Space ExplorationApr 30 2008asteroids or comets have received remarkable attention in the world. In small body explorations, especially, detailed in-situ surface exploration by tiny rover is one of effective and fruitful means and is expected to make strong contributions towards ... More

Novel Effect Induced by Spacetime Curvature in Quantum HydrodynamicsNov 02 2018Apr 26 2019The interplay between quantum fluctuation and spacetime curvature is shown to induce an additional quantum-curvature (QC) term in the energy-momentum tensor of fluid using the generalized framework of the stochastic variational method (SVM). The QC term ... More

Transport Coefficients of Non-Newtonian Fluid and Causal Dissipative HydrodynamicsJun 23 2008Oct 20 2008A new formula to calculate the transport coefficients of the causal dissipative hydrodynamics is derived by using the projection operator method (Mori-Zwanzig formalism) in [T. Koide, Phys. Rev. E75, 060103(R) (2007)]. This is an extension of the Green-Kubo-Nakano ... More

Variational Principle of Hydrodynamics and Quantization by Stochastic ProcessDec 19 2014Jan 05 2015The well-known hydrodynamical representation of the Schr\"{o}dinger equation is reformulated by extending the idea of Nelson-Yasue's stochastic variational method. The fluid flow is composed by the two stochastic processes from the past and the future, ... More

Thermodynamic Laws and Equipartition Theorem in Relativistic Brownian MotionFeb 16 2011Apr 27 2011We extend the stochastic energetics to a relativistic system. The thermodynamic laws and equipartition theorem are discussed for a relativistic Brownian particle and the first and the second law of thermodynamics in this formalism are derived. The relation ... More

Searching for g modes: Part II. Unconfirmed g-mode detection in the power spectrum of the time series of round-trip travel timeMar 09 2019The recent claimed detection of g modes was obtained from the analysis of the power spectrum of the time series of round-trip travel time of p modes. The goal of this paper is to reproduce these results on which the claims are based for confirming or ... More

The Configuration Space of Low-dimensional Yang-Mills TheoriesJan 26 1998We discuss the construction of the physical configuration space for Yang-Mills quantum mechanics and Yang-Mills theory on a cylinder. We explicitly eliminate the redundant degrees of freedom by either fixing a gauge or introducing gauge invariant variables. ... More

A Global View of Kinks in 1+1 GravityJul 25 1997Following Finkelstein and Misner, kinks are non-trivial field configurations of a field theory, and different kink-numbers correspond to different disconnected components of the space of allowed field configurations for a given topology of the base manifold. ... More

Complete Classification of 1+1 Gravity SolutionsNov 25 1997A classification of the maximally extended solutions for 1+1 gravity models (comprising e.g. generalized dilaton gravity as well as models with non-trivial torsion) is presented. No restrictions are placed on the topology of the arising solutions, and ... More

The $σ$-meson and $π$-$π$ Correlation in Hot/Dense Medium: soft modes for chiral transition in QCDDec 11 2001After a brief overview of the realization of chiral symmetry in hot and/or dense medium, the implications of the existence of a light scalar-isoscalar meson (which we call $\sigma$ throughout this report) are discussed in the vacuum and in the medium. ... More

Geometric Origin of Large Lepton Mixing in a Higher Dimensional SpacetimeMay 09 2002Aug 02 2002The large mixing in the lepton sector observed in the recent neutrino-oscillation experiments strongly suggest that nature of left-handed lepton doublets is very different from that of left-handed quark doublets. This means that there is a big disparity ... More

Higher Dimensional Supersymmetry as an Origin of the Three Families for Quarks and LeptonsJan 11 2002May 09 2002In a (0,1) supersymmetric (SUSY) six-dimensional gauge theory, a gauge fermion gives rise to box anomalies. These anomalies are completely canceled by assuming a vector multiplet of (1,1) SUSY. With a T^2/Z_3 orbifold compactification of the extra two ... More