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Anisotropy of Alfvénic Turbulence in the Solar Wind and Numerical SimulationsSep 03 2010Jun 08 2011We investigate the anisotropy of Alfv\'enic turbulence in the inertial range of slow solar wind and in both driven and decaying reduced magnetohydrodynamic simulations. A direct comparison is made by measuring the anisotropic second-order structure functions ... More

Anisotropy of Imbalanced Alfvenic Turbulence in Fast Solar WindSep 13 2010Dec 09 2010We present the first measurement of the scale-dependent power anisotropy of Elsasser variables in imbalanced fast solar wind turbulence. The dominant Elsasser mode is isotropic at lower spacecraft frequencies but becomes increasingly anisotropic at higher ... More

Number density structures in the inner heliosphereMar 27 2018The origins and generation mechanisms of the slow solar wind are still unclear. Part of the slow solar wind is populated by "number density structures", discrete patches of increased number density that are frozen in to and move with the bulk solar wind. ... More

Diagnosing solar wind origins using in-situ measurements in the inner heliosphereOct 15 2018Nov 20 2018Robustly identifying the solar sources of individual packets of solar wind measured in interplanetary space remains an open problem. We set out to see if this problem is easier to tackle using solar wind measurements closer to the Sun than 1 AU, where ... More

Measures of Three-Dimensional Anisotropy and Intermittency in Strong Alfvénic TurbulenceDec 04 2015We measure the local anisotropy of numerically simulated strong Alfv\'enic turbulence with respect to two local, physically relevant directions: along the local mean magnetic field and along the local direction of one of the fluctuating Elsasser fields. ... More

The Variation of Solar Wind Correlation Lengths Over Three Solar CyclesFeb 11 2010We present the results of a study of solar wind velocity and magnetic field correlation lengths over the last 35 years. The correlation length of the magnetic field magnitude lambda(|B|) increases on average by a factor of two at solar maxima compared ... More

Anisotropic scaling of magnetohydrodynamic turbulenceJul 23 2008We present a quantitative estimate of the anisotropic power and scaling of magnetic field fluctuations in inertial range magnetohydrodynamic turbulence, using a novel wavelet technique applied to spacecraft measurements in the solar wind. We show for ... More

A new inner heliosphere proton parameter data set from the Helios missionJul 11 2018In the near future, Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter will provide the first comprehensive in-situ measurements of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere since the Helios mission in the 1970s. We describe a reprocessing of the original Helios ion ... More

Radial evolution of the solar wind in pure high-speed streams: HELIOS revised observationsOct 09 2018Spacecraft observations have shown that the proton temperature in the solar wind falls off with radial distance more slowly than expected for an adiabatic prediction. Usually, previous studies have been focused on the evolution of the solar-wind plasma ... More

Interpreting Power Anisotropy Measurements in Plasma TurbulenceSep 14 2009Feb 22 2010A relationship is derived between power anisotropy and wavevector anisotropy in turbulent fluctuations. This can be used to interpret plasma turbulence measurements, for example in the solar wind. If fluctuations are anisotropic in shape then the ion ... More

Power and spectral index anisotropy of the entire inertial range of turbulence in the fast solar windFeb 10 2010We measure the power and spectral index anisotropy of high speed solar wind turbulence from scales larger than the outer scale down to the ion gyroscale, thus covering the entire inertial range. We show that the power and spectral indices at the outer ... More

The role of pressure gradients in driving sunward magnetosheath flows and magnetopause motionJun 02 2014Aug 08 2014While pressure balance can predict how far the magnetopause will move in response to an upstream pressure change, it cannot determine how fast the transient reponse will be. Using Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), ... More

Alpha particle thermodynamics in the inner heliosphere fast solar windDec 17 2018Feb 19 2019Plasma processes occurring in the corona and solar wind can be probed by studying the thermodynamic properties of different ion species. However, most in-situ observations of positive ions in the solar wind are taken at 1 AU, where information on their ... More

Power Anisotropy in the Magnetic Field Power Spectral Tensor of Solar Wind TurbulenceSep 30 2011Dec 01 2011We observe the anisotropy of the power spectral tensor of magnetic field fluctuations in the fast solar wind for the first time. In heliocentric RTN coordinates the power in each element of the tensor has a unique dependence on the angle between the magnetic ... More

Measurement of the electric fluctuation spectrum of magnetohydrodynamic turbulenceMar 12 2005Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the solar wind is observed to show the spectral behavior of classical Kolmogorov fluid turbulence over an inertial subrange and departures from this at short wavelengths, where energy should be dissipated. Here ... More

Solar Wind Electric Fields in the Ion Cyclotron Frequency RangeFeb 26 2006Measurements of fluctuations of electric fields in the frequency range from a fraction of one Hz to 12.5 Hz are presented, and corrected for the Lorentz transformation of magnetic fluctuations to give the electric fields in the plasma frame. The electric ... More

Ion kinetic energy conservation and magnetic field strength constancy in multi-fluid solar wind Alfvénic turbulenceJan 04 2015We investigate properties of the plasma fluid motion in the large amplitude low frequency fluctuations of highly Alfv\'enic fast solar wind. We show that protons locally conserve total kinetic energy when observed from an effective frame of reference ... More

Experimental determination of whistler wave dispersion relation in the solar windSep 10 2016The origins and properties of large amplitude whistler wave packets in the solar wind are still unclear. In this Letter we utilise single spacecraft electric and magnetic field waveform measurements from the ARTEMIS mission to calculate the plasma frame ... More

Magnetic Field Rotations in the Solar Wind at Kinetic ScalesJul 28 2015Sep 15 2015The solar wind magnetic field contains rotations at a broad range of scales, which have been extensively studied in the MHD range. Here we present an extension of this analysis to the range between ion and electron kinetic scales. The distribution of ... More

Anisotropy of Solar Wind Turbulence between Ion and Electron ScalesFeb 12 2010Jun 27 2010The anisotropy of turbulence in the fast solar wind, between the ion and electron gyroscales, is directly observed using a multispacecraft analysis technique. Second order structure functions are calculated at different angles to the local magnetic field, ... More

Three-Dimensional Structure of Solar Wind TurbulenceSep 12 2011Aug 27 2012We present a measurement of the scale-dependent, three-dimensional structure of the magnetic field fluctuations in inertial range solar wind turbulence with respect to a local, physically motivated coordinate system. The Alfvenic fluctuations are three-dimensionally ... More

Correlations at large scales and the onset of turbulence in the fast solar windDec 16 2013We show that the scaling of structure functions of magnetic and velocity fields in a mostly highly Alfv\'{e}nic fast solar wind stream depends strongly on the joint distribution of the dimensionless measures of cross helicity and residual energy. Already ... More

Alignment and scaling of large-scale fluctuations in the solar windSep 24 2012We investigate the dependence of solar wind fluctuations measured by the Wind spacecraft on scale and on the degree of alignment between oppositely directed Elsasser fields. This alignment controls the strength of the non-linear interactions and, therefore, ... More

Multi-scale magnetic field intermittence in the plasma sheetOct 22 2004This paper demonstrates that intermittent magnetic field fluctuations in the plasma sheet exhibit transitory, localized, and multi-scale features. We propose a multifractal based algorithm, which quantifies intermittence on the basis of the statistical ... More

Optical probing of shocks driven into overdense plasmas by laser hole-boringMay 21 2012May 22 2012Observations of the interaction of an intense {\lambda}0 \approx 10 {\mu}m laser pulse with near-critical overdense plasmas (ne = 1.8 - 3 nc) are presented. For the first time, transverse optical probing is used to show a recession of the front surface ... More

Global impacts of a Foreshock Bubble: Magnetosheath, magnetopause and ground-based observationsSep 01 2014Using multipoint observations we show, for the first time, that Foreshock Bubbles (FBs) have a global impact on Earth's magnetosphere. We show that an FB, a transient kinetic phenomenon due to the interaction of backstreaming suprathermal ions with a ... More

On the 1/f spectrum in the solar wind and its connection with magnetic compressibilityDec 13 2018We discuss properties of Alfv\'enic fluctuations with large amplitude in plasmas characterised by low magnetic field compression. We note that in such systems power laws can not develop with arbitrarily steep slopes at large scales, i.e. when $|\delta ... More

[Plasma 2020 Decadal] Multipoint Measurements of the Solar Wind: A Proposed Advance for Studying Magnetized TurbulenceMar 13 2019A multi-institutional, multi-national science team will soon submit a NASA proposal to build a constellation of spacecraft to fly into the near-Earth solar wind in a swarm spanning a multitude of scales in order to obtain critically needed measurements ... More

[Plasma 2020 Decadal] Disentangling the Spatiotemporal Structure of Turbulence Using Multi-Spacecraft DataMar 13 2019This white paper submitted for 2020 Decadal Assessment of Plasma Science concerns the importance of multi-spacecraft missions to address fundamental questions concerning plasma turbulence. Plasma turbulence is ubiquitous in the universe, and it is responsible ... More

Solar Wind Turbulence and the Role of Ion InstabilitiesJun 22 2013Solar wind is probably the best laboratory to study turbulence in astrophysical plasmas. In addition to the presence of magnetic field, the differences with neutral fluid isotropic turbulence are: weakness of collisional dissipation and presence of several ... More

[Plasma 2020 Decadal] The essential role of multi-point measurements in turbulence investigations: the solar wind beyond single scale and beyond the Taylor HypothesisMar 16 2019This paper briefly reviews a number of fundamental measurements that need to be made in order to characterize turbulence in space plasmas such as the solar wind. It has long been known that many of these quantities require simultaneous multipoint measurements ... More

The gamma-ray giant flare from SGR1806-20: Evidence for crustal cracking via initial timescalesApr 03 2005May 31 2005We report here on serendipitous observations of the intense gamma-ray flare from SGR 1806-20 that occured on 27 December 2004. Unique data from the Cluster and Double Star-2 satellites, designed to study the Earth's magnetosphere, provide the first observational ... More

Momentum-space structure of surface states in a topological semimetal with a nexus point of Dirac linesApr 21 2016Jun 27 2016Three-dimensional topological semimetals come in different variants, either containing Weyl points or Dirac lines. Here we describe a more complicated momentum-space topological defect where several separate Dirac lines connect with each other, forming ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part II: The Universal CoveringsNov 30 1995Apr 26 1996A set of simple rules for constructing the maximal (e.g. analytic) extensions for any metric with a Killing field in an (effectively) two-dimensional spacetime is formulated. The application of these rules is extremely straightforward, as is demonstrated ... More

Pre-critical Chiral Fluctuations in Nuclear Medium -- precursors of chiral restoration at $ρ_{B}\not=0 --Feb 10 1999Feb 26 1999It is shown that an enhancement in the spectral function near 2$m_{\pi}$ threshold in the I=J=0 channel is a good signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear medium. Several experiments are discussed to detect the enhancement, which ... More

Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Jan 23 2008We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with ... More

A Z$_2$ index of Dirac operator with time reversal symmetryMay 22 2009With time reversal symmetry a Dirac operator has vanishing index and Chern number. We show that we can nevertheless define a nontrivial Z$_2$ index as well as a corresponding topological invariant given by gauge field, which implies that such a Dirac ... More

Quantization of non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systemsMar 18 2009We present a quantized non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systems such as quantum spin Hall effect. Ordinary Berry phase is defined by an integral of Berry's gauge potential along a loop (an integral of the Chern-Simons one-form), whereas ... More

Thermal Field Theory and Infinite StatisticsJun 17 1992Oct 28 1992We construct a quantum thermal field theory for scalar particles in the case of infinite statistics. The extension is provided by working out the Fock space realization of a "quantum algebra", and by identifying the hamiltonian as the energy operator. ... More

Tension Dynamics and Linear Viscoelastic Behavior of a Single Semiflexible Polymer ChainMar 12 2009We study the dynamical response of a single semiflexible polymer chain based on the theory developed by Hallatschek et al. for the wormlike-chain model. The linear viscoelastic response under oscillatory forces acting at the two chain ends is derived ... More

Comment on a Paper by Yucai Su On Jacobian ConjectureDec 21 2005The said paper [2] entitled "Proof Of Two Dimensional Jacobian Conjecture" is with gaps.

Stops in R-parity Breaking Model for High-$Q^2$ Events at HERAApr 03 1997We investigate an event excess in the reaction $e^+p \to e^+ X$ with large $x$ and high $Q^2$ observed at HERA and show that the events could naturally be interpreted as a signature of the production of the scalar top quarks (stops) in a supersymmetric ... More

Stochastic Variational Method as Quantization Scheme I: Field Quantization of Complex Klein-Gordan EquationJun 28 2013Jun 24 2014Stochastic Variational Method (SVM) is the generalization of the variation method to the case with stochastic variables. In the series of papers, we investigate the applicability of SVM as an alternative field quantization scheme. Here, we discuss the ... More

Dynamical Origin of Power SpectraDec 27 2008We discuss a possible origin of Tsallis' statistics from the correlation among constituents which reduces the phase space of the system. We also show that in the system of coupled linear harmonic oscillators can exhibit a Tsallis type behavior.

Memory Effects and Transport Coefficients for Non-Newtonian FluidsDec 22 2008We discuss the roles of viscosity in relativistic fluid dynamics from the point of view of memory effects. Depending on the type of quantity to which the memory effect is applied, different terms appear in higher order corrections. We show that when the ... More

Asymptotic behavior for quadratic variations of non-Gaussian multiparameter Hermite random fieldsNov 11 2016Dec 21 2017Let $(Z^{q, H}_t)_{t \in [0, 1]^d}$ denote a $d$-parameter Hermite random field of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H = (H_1, \ldots, H_d) \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)^d$. This process is $H$-self-similar, has stationary increments and exhibits ... More

Lattice QCD study of $g_A^{N^*N^*}$ with two flavors of dynamical quarksNov 13 2007We report the first lattice QCD result of the axial charge of N(1535), $g_A^{N^*N^*}$. The measurement is performed with two flavors of dynamical quarks employing the renormalization-group improved gauge action at $\beta$=1.95 and the mean-field improved ... More

Quantum transitions induced by the third cumulant of current fluctuationsJun 23 2005Oct 14 2005We investigate the transitions induced by external current fluctuations on a small probe quantum system. The rates for the transitions between the energy states are calculated using the real-time Keldysh formalism for the density matrix evolution. We ... More

The Configuration Space of Low-dimensional Yang-Mills TheoriesJan 26 1998We discuss the construction of the physical configuration space for Yang-Mills quantum mechanics and Yang-Mills theory on a cylinder. We explicitly eliminate the redundant degrees of freedom by either fixing a gauge or introducing gauge invariant variables. ... More

A Global View of Kinks in 1+1 GravityJul 25 1997Following Finkelstein and Misner, kinks are non-trivial field configurations of a field theory, and different kink-numbers correspond to different disconnected components of the space of allowed field configurations for a given topology of the base manifold. ... More

Complete Classification of 1+1 Gravity SolutionsNov 25 1997A classification of the maximally extended solutions for 1+1 gravity models (comprising e.g. generalized dilaton gravity as well as models with non-trivial torsion) is presented. No restrictions are placed on the topology of the arising solutions, and ... More

The $σ$-meson and $π$-$π$ Correlation in Hot/Dense Medium: soft modes for chiral transition in QCDDec 11 2001After a brief overview of the realization of chiral symmetry in hot and/or dense medium, the implications of the existence of a light scalar-isoscalar meson (which we call $\sigma$ throughout this report) are discussed in the vacuum and in the medium. ... More

Geometric Origin of Large Lepton Mixing in a Higher Dimensional SpacetimeMay 09 2002Aug 02 2002The large mixing in the lepton sector observed in the recent neutrino-oscillation experiments strongly suggest that nature of left-handed lepton doublets is very different from that of left-handed quark doublets. This means that there is a big disparity ... More

Higher Dimensional Supersymmetry as an Origin of the Three Families for Quarks and LeptonsJan 11 2002May 09 2002In a (0,1) supersymmetric (SUSY) six-dimensional gauge theory, a gauge fermion gives rise to box anomalies. These anomalies are completely canceled by assuming a vector multiplet of (1,1) SUSY. With a T^2/Z_3 orbifold compactification of the extra two ... More

N = 2 Supersymmetry in a Hybrid Inflation ModelNov 30 2000The slow roll inflation requires an extremely flat inflaton potential. The supersymmetry (SUSY) is not only motivated from the gauge hierarchy problem, but also from stabilizing that flatness of the inflaton potential against radiative corrections. However, ... More

Polarized light flavor sea-quark asymmetry in polarized semi-inclusive processesMay 11 1999Oct 08 1999We propose new formulas for extracting a difference of the polarized light sea-quark density, $\Delta\bar d(x)-\Delta\bar u(x)$, from polarized deep-inelastic semi-inclusive data. We have estimated the value of it from the present experimental data measured ... More

Z$_2$ index theorem for Majorana zero modes in a class D topological superconductorSep 14 2010Oct 28 2010We propose a Z$_2$ index theorem for a generic topological superconductor in class D. Introducing a particle-hole symmetry breaking term depending on a parameter and regarding it as a coordinate of an extra dimension, we define the index of the zero modes ... More

Non-Central Limit Theorem for Quadratic Functionals of Hermite-Driven Long Memory Moving Average ProcessesJul 27 2016Let $(Z_t^{(q, H)})_{t \geq 0}$ denote a Hermite process of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)$. Consider the Hermite-driven moving average process $$X_t^{(q, H)} = \int_0^t x(t-u) dZ^{(q, H)}(u), \qquad t \geq 0.$$ ... More

Simulation Study of Solar Plasma Eruptions Caused by Interactions between Emerging Flux and Coronal Arcade FieldsOct 01 2014We investigate the triggering mechanisms of plasma eruptions in the solar atmosphere due to interactions between emerging flux and coronal arcade fields by using two-dimensional MHD simulations. We perform parameter surveys with respect to arcade field ... More

Solitonic asymptotics for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small dispersion limitNov 30 2009We study the small dispersion limit for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t+6uu_x+\epsilon^{2}u_{xxx}=0$ in a critical scaling regime where $x$ approaches the trailing edge of the region where the KdV solution shows oscillatory behavior. Using the ... More

Painleve II asymptotics near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small dispersion limitDec 22 2008In the small dispersion limit, solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries equation develop an interval of fast oscillations after a certain time. We obtain a universal asymptotic expansion for the Korteweg-de Vries solution near the leading edge of the oscillatory ... More

Relativistic generalization of Brownian MotionOct 10 2007The relativistic generalization of the Brownian motion is discussed. We show that the transformation property of the noise term is determined by requiring for the equilibrium distribution function to be Lorentz invariant, such as the J\"uttner distribution ... More

Theory of Stochastic Shock Drift Acceleration for Electrons in the Shock Transition RegionMar 06 2019We propose a novel electron acceleration mechanism, which we call stochastic shock drift acceleration (SSDA), that extends the standard shock drift acceleration (SDA) for low-energy electrons at a quasi-perpendicular shock to include the effect of stochastic ... More

Explicit Global Coordinates for Schwarzschild and Reissner-NordstroemJul 05 1995Mar 16 1996We construct coordinate systems that cover all of the Reissner-Nordstroem solution with m>|q| and m=|q|, respectively. This is possible by means of elementary analytical functions. The limit of vanishing charge q provides an alternative to Kruskal which, ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part I: A Unifying ApproachAug 08 1995Aug 11 1997We provide a concise approach to generalized dilaton theories with and without torsion and coupling to Yang-Mills fields. Transformations on the space of fields are used to trivialize the field equations locally. In this way their solution becomes accessible ... More

QCD Phenomenology based on a Chiral Effective LagrangianJan 23 1994We review the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) approach to the dynamical breaking of chiral symmetry in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The subjects treated in Part I include the vacuum structure of QCD, mass spectra and coupling constants of hadrons, flavor mixing ... More

Perturbative calculation of the spin-wave dispersion in a disordered double-exchange modelJun 05 2004We study the spin-wave dispersion of localized spins in a disordered double-exchange model using the perturbation theory with respect to the strength of the disorder potential. We calculate the dispersion upto the next-leading order, and extensively examine ... More

A Solution to the Doublet-Triplet Splitting Problem in the Type IIB SupergravityAug 11 2002The doublet--triplet mass splitting problem is one of the most serious problems in supersymmetric grand unified theories (GUTs). A class of models based on a product gauge group, such as the SU(5)_{GUT} times U(3)_H or the SU(5)_{GUT} times U(2)_H, realize ... More

Correlation function of the Schur process with a fixed final partitionApr 25 2008May 08 2008We consider a generalization of the Schur process in which a partition evolves from the empty partition into an arbitrary fixed final partition. We obtain a double integral representation of the correlation kernel. For a special final partition with only ... More

Fluctuations of the one-dimensional polynuclear growth model with external sourcesJun 01 2004The one-dimensional polynuclear growth model with external sources at edges is studied. The height fluctuation at the origin is known to be given by either the Gaussian, the GUE Tracy-Widom distribution, or certain distributions called GOE$^2$ and $F_0$, ... More

Solving the Gravitino Problem by AxinoJun 19 2000Oct 11 2000In a large class of supersymmetric (SUSY) axion model the mass of axino $\axino$ (a fermionic superpartner of the axion) is predicted as $m_{\axino} \lesssim {\cal O}(1)$ keV. Thus, the axino is the lightest SUSY particle (LSP). We pointed out that such ... More

Semiclassical ionization dynamics of the hydrogen molecular ion in an electric field of arbitrary orientationOct 12 2004Quasi-static models of barrier suppression have played a major role in our understanding of the ionization of atoms and molecules in strong laser fields. Despite their success, in the case of diatomic molecules these studies have so far been restricted ... More

Analysis of atmospheric neutrino oscillations in three-flavor neutrinosMar 06 2000We analyze the atmospheric neutrino experiments of Super-Kamiokande (830-920 live days) using the three-flavor neutrino framework with the mass hierarchy m_1 nearly equal m_2 << m_3. We study the sub-GeV, multi- GeV neutrinos and upward through-going ... More

Atmospheric neutrino oscillations in three-flavor neutrinosMay 20 1998We analyzed the atmospheric neutrino experiments of SuperKamiokande including zenith angle dependence's using the three-flavor neutrino framework with the hierarchy m^2_1 \approx m^2_2<<m^2_3. Taking into account the terrestrial, solar neutrino experimental ... More

Numerical Study of a Propagating Non-Thermal Microwave Feature in a Solar Flare LoopJun 02 2008Jun 24 2008We analytically and numerically study the motion of electrons along a magnetic loop, to compare with the observation of the propagating feature of the non-thermal microwave source in the 1999 August 28 solar flare reported by Yokoyama et al. (2002). We ... More

Stochastic Variational Method as Quantization Scheme I: Hamiltonian Form and Uncertainty RelationAug 01 2012Oct 07 2013Stochastic Variational Method (SVM) is the generalization of the variation method to the case with stochastic variables. In this series of papers, we investigate the applicability of SVM as an alternative quantization scheme. In Part I, we discuss the ... More

Isospin Properties of ($K^-$, $N$) Reactions for the Formation of Deeply-bound Antikaonic NucleiFeb 01 2008Mar 31 2008The formation of deeply-bound antikaonic $K^-/\bar{K}^0$ nuclear states by nuclear ($K^-$, $N$) reactions is investigated theoretically within a distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA), considering the isospin properties of the Fermi-averaged $K^-+ ... More

Calculation of the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$,$n$) reaction for searching the deeply-bound $K^-pp$ stateMar 13 2007Jul 24 2007The formation of a deeply-bound $K^-pp$ state by the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$,$n$) reaction is investigated theoretically in the distorted-wave impulse approximation using the Green's function method. The expected inclusive and semi-exclusive spectra at ... More

Broadband lasers for photo-ionization and repumping of trapped ionsJan 24 2019A frequency-stable, broadband laser is presented for experiments on trapped ions. Since the design is based on widely available semiconductor optical amplifier technology, similar lasers can be realized for virtually any wavelength in the near-infrared, ... More

The KdV hierarchy: universality and a Painleve transcendentJan 13 2011We study the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) hierarchy in the small dispersion limit where $\e\to 0$. For negative analytic initial data with a single negative hump, we prove that for small times, the solution is approximated by the solution ... More

Generalization of Uncertainty Relation for Quantum and Stochastic SystemsAug 01 2012Apr 04 2018The generalized uncertainty relation applicable to quantum and stochastic systems is derived within the stochastic variational method. This relation not only reproduces the well-known inequality in quantum mechanics but also is applicable to the Gross-Pitaevskii ... More

Navier-Stokes, Gross-Pitaevskii and Generalized Diffusion Equations using Stochastic Variational MethodJul 31 2011Aug 24 2011The stochastic variational method is applied to particle systems and continuum mediums. As the brief review of this method, we first discuss the application to particle Lagrangians and derive a diffusion-type equation and the Schr\"{o}dinger equation ... More

Statistical Mechanics for States with Complex Eigenvalues and Quasi-stable Semiclassical SystemsMay 15 2000Statistical mechanics for states with complex eigenvalues, which are described by Gel'fand triplet and represent unstable states like resonances, are discussed on the basis of principle of equal ${\it a priori}$ probability. A new entropy corresponding ... More

Non-Central Limit Theorem for Quadratic Functionals of Hermite-Driven Long Memory Moving Average ProcessesJul 27 2016May 18 2017Let $(Z_t^{(q, H)})_{t \geq 0}$ denote a Hermite process of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)$. Consider the Hermite-driven moving average process $$X_t^{(q, H)} = \int_0^t x(t-u) dZ^{(q, H)}(u), \qquad t \geq 0.$$ ... More

Dynamically equivalent ΛCDM equations with underlying Bianchi Type geometryMar 18 2019Solutions have been found for gravity coupled to electromagnetic field and a set of charged and uncharged perfect fluids for Bianchi Types VI_{(-1)}, VIII, IX, under the primary assumption of the existence of a conformal Killing vector field. The electromagnetic ... More

Topological stability of Majorana zero-modes in superconductor-topological insulator systemsNov 13 2009Jan 29 2010We derive an index theorem for zero-energy Majorana fermion modes in a superconductor-topological insulator system in both two and three dimensions, which is valid for models with chiral symmetry as well as particle-hole symmetry. For more generic models ... More

Discovery of a Faint Old Stellar System at 150 kpcOct 29 2006We report the detection of a faint old stellar system at $(\alpha,\delta)=(194.29^\circ,~34.32^\circ)$ (SDSS J1257+3419), based on the spatial distribution of bright red-giant branch stars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 4. SDSS J1257+3419 ... More

Varying Cu-Ti hybridization near the Fermi energy in Cu$_{x}$TiSe$_{2}$: Results from supercell calculationsDec 05 2006The properties of Cu$_{x}$TiSe$_{2}$ are studied by band structure calculation based on the density functional theory for supercells. The density-of-states (DOS) for $x$=0 has a sharply raising shoulder in the neighborhood of the Fermi energy, $E_F$, ... More

Deeply-bound $K^- pp$ state in the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$, $n$) spectrum and its moving pole near the $πΣN$ thresholdJun 19 2009Nov 06 2009The formation of a deeply-bound $K^- pp$ state with $I=1/2$, $J^\pi=0^-$ by the $^3$He(in-flight $K^-$, $n$) reaction is theoretically investigated in a distorted-wave impulse approximation using the Green's function method. The expected inclusive and ... More

A Calculation on the Self-field of a Point Charge and the Unruh EffectNov 01 1999Jul 24 2000Within the context of quantum field theory in curved spacetimes, Hacyan and Sarmiento defined the vacuum stress-energy tensor with respect to the accelerated observer. They calculated it for uniform acceleration and circular motion, and derived that the ... More

A Framework to Prevent QR Code Based Phishing AttacksJan 30 2016Though the rapid development and spread of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) making people's life much more easier, on the other hand it causing some serious threats to the society. Phishing is one of the most common cyber threat, that most ... More

Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part III: Solutions of Arbitrary TopologyJul 30 1996Aug 13 1997All global solutions of arbitrary topology of the most general 1+1 dimensional dilaton gravity models are obtained. We show that for a generic model there are globally smooth solutions on any non-compact 2-surface. The solution space is parametrized explicitly ... More

Precritical Chiral Fluctuations in NucleiJan 11 1999Spectral enhancement near 2 m_{\pi} threshold in the I=J=0 channel in nuclei is shown to be a distinct signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry. The relevance of this phenomenon with possible detection of 2\pi^{0} and 2\gamma in hadron-nucleus ... More

Computing nonlinear force free coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Knowledge of the structure of the coronal magnetic field is important for our understanding of many solar activity phenomena, e.g. flares and CMEs. However, the direct measurement of coronal magnetic fields is not possible with present methods, and therefore ... More

Cochlear-bone wave can yield a hearing sensation as well as otoacoustic emissionAug 10 2014A hearing sensation arises when the elastic basilar membrane inside the cochlea vibrates. The basilar membrane is typically set into motion through airborne sound that displaces the middle ear and induces a pressure difference across the membrane. A second, ... More

Non-empirical nuclear energy functionals, pairing gaps and odd-even mass differencesJul 06 2009First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such ... More

Non-empirical pairing functionalNov 27 2007Dec 07 2007The present contribution reports the first systematic finite-nucleus calculations performed using the Energy Density Functional method and a non-empirical pairing functional derived from low-momentum interactions. As a first step, the effects of Coulomb ... More

A Solution to the Polonyi Problem in the Minimum SUSY-GUTMar 16 1994We show that the Polonyi problem is solved in the minimum SUSY-GUT model in which a self-coupling strength for a heavy Higgs $\Sigma$, $\lambda\Sigma^{3}$, is very small $\lambda\sim 10^{-6}$. It is stressed that with this small $\lambda$ the mass of ... More

Spin physics in deep inelastic scattering: SummaryFeb 02 1999The problem of our understanding of the spin structure of the nucleon has been with us since the publication of the EMC measurements of the polarised structure function of the proton in 1987. In this talk a review of the results presented in Working Group ... More

Strong-coupling effects in the relaxation dynamics of ultracold neutral plasmasMar 01 2005We describe a hybrid molecular dynamics approach for the description of ultracold neutral plasmas, based on an adiabatic treatment of the electron gas and a full molecular dynamics simulation of the ions, which allows us to follow the long-time evolution ... More