Results for "T. Bigault"

total 83160took 0.10s
Advanced broad-band solid-state supermirror polarizers for cold neutronsJun 06 2016Jun 15 2016An ideal solid-state supermirror (SM) neutron polarizer assumes total reflection of neutrons from the SM coating for one spin-component and total absorption for the other, thus providing a perfectly polarized neutron beam at the exit. However, in practice, ... More
A project of advanced solid-state neutron polarizer for PF1B instrument at ILLJun 11 2019Among Super-Mirror (SM) polarizers, solid-state devices have many advantages. The most relevant is 5-10 times smaller length compared to air-gap polarizers allowing to apply stronger magnetic fields. An important condition for a good SM polarizer is the ... More
Multi-Grid Boron-10 detector for large area applications in neutron scattering scienceSep 04 2012The present supply of 3He can no longer meet the detector demands of the upcoming ESS facility and continued detector upgrades at current neutron sources. Therefore viable alternative technologies are required to support the development of cutting-edge ... More
Classical and Quantum Gravity in 1+1 Dimensions, Part II: The Universal CoveringsNov 30 1995Apr 26 1996A set of simple rules for constructing the maximal (e.g. analytic) extensions for any metric with a Killing field in an (effectively) two-dimensional spacetime is formulated. The application of these rules is extremely straightforward, as is demonstrated ... More
Pre-critical Chiral Fluctuations in Nuclear Medium -- precursors of chiral restoration at $ρ_{B}\not=0 --Feb 10 1999Feb 26 1999It is shown that an enhancement in the spectral function near 2$m_{\pi}$ threshold in the I=J=0 channel is a good signal of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear medium. Several experiments are discussed to detect the enhancement, which ... More
Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fieldsJan 21 2008Jan 23 2008We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with ... More
A Z$_2$ index of Dirac operator with time reversal symmetryMay 22 2009With time reversal symmetry a Dirac operator has vanishing index and Chern number. We show that we can nevertheless define a nontrivial Z$_2$ index as well as a corresponding topological invariant given by gauge field, which implies that such a Dirac ... More
Quantization of non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systemsMar 18 2009We present a quantized non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systems such as quantum spin Hall effect. Ordinary Berry phase is defined by an integral of Berry's gauge potential along a loop (an integral of the Chern-Simons one-form), whereas ... More
Thermal Field Theory and Infinite StatisticsJun 17 1992Oct 28 1992We construct a quantum thermal field theory for scalar particles in the case of infinite statistics. The extension is provided by working out the Fock space realization of a "quantum algebra", and by identifying the hamiltonian as the energy operator. ... More
A Study of a Real-Time Operating System on the Intel-Based Vme ControllersNov 09 2001Dec 17 2001In this paper, we described the performance differences between VME-based controllers, HP743rt/HP-RT and IA-based platforms. We measured some kind of real-time benchmarks and discussed a relation of architecture dependences.
Tension Dynamics and Linear Viscoelastic Behavior of a Single Semiflexible Polymer ChainMar 12 2009We study the dynamical response of a single semiflexible polymer chain based on the theory developed by Hallatschek et al. for the wormlike-chain model. The linear viscoelastic response under oscillatory forces acting at the two chain ends is derived ... More
Stops in R-parity Breaking Model for High-$Q^2$ Events at HERAApr 03 1997We investigate an event excess in the reaction $e^+p \to e^+ X$ with large $x$ and high $Q^2$ observed at HERA and show that the events could naturally be interpreted as a signature of the production of the scalar top quarks (stops) in a supersymmetric ... More
Stochastic Variational Method as Quantization Scheme I: Field Quantization of Complex Klein-Gordan EquationJun 28 2013Jun 24 2014Stochastic Variational Method (SVM) is the generalization of the variation method to the case with stochastic variables. In the series of papers, we investigate the applicability of SVM as an alternative field quantization scheme. Here, we discuss the ... More
Dynamical Origin of Power SpectraDec 27 2008We discuss a possible origin of Tsallis' statistics from the correlation among constituents which reduces the phase space of the system. We also show that in the system of coupled linear harmonic oscillators can exhibit a Tsallis type behavior.
Memory Effects and Transport Coefficients for Non-Newtonian FluidsDec 22 2008We discuss the roles of viscosity in relativistic fluid dynamics from the point of view of memory effects. Depending on the type of quantity to which the memory effect is applied, different terms appear in higher order corrections. We show that when the ... More
Comment on a Paper by Yucai Su On Jacobian ConjectureDec 21 2005The said paper [2] entitled "Proof Of Two Dimensional Jacobian Conjecture" is with gaps.
Asymptotic behavior for quadratic variations of non-Gaussian multiparameter Hermite random fieldsNov 11 2016Dec 21 2017Let $(Z^{q, H}_t)_{t \in [0, 1]^d}$ denote a $d$-parameter Hermite random field of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H = (H_1, \ldots, H_d) \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)^d$. This process is $H$-self-similar, has stationary increments and exhibits ... More
Quantum transitions induced by the third cumulant of current fluctuationsJun 23 2005Oct 14 2005We investigate the transitions induced by external current fluctuations on a small probe quantum system. The rates for the transitions between the energy states are calculated using the real-time Keldysh formalism for the density matrix evolution. We ... More
Momentum-space structure of surface states in a topological semimetal with a nexus point of Dirac linesApr 21 2016Jun 27 2016Three-dimensional topological semimetals come in different variants, either containing Weyl points or Dirac lines. Here we describe a more complicated momentum-space topological defect where several separate Dirac lines connect with each other, forming ... More
Lattice QCD study of $g_A^{N^*N^*}$ with two flavors of dynamical quarksNov 13 2007We report the first lattice QCD result of the axial charge of N(1535), $g_A^{N^*N^*}$. The measurement is performed with two flavors of dynamical quarks employing the renormalization-group improved gauge action at $\beta$=1.95 and the mean-field improved ... More
Orthogonal polynomials in several non-commuting variables. IIDec 29 2004In this paper we continue to investigate a certain class of Hankel-like positive definite kernels using their associated orthogonal polynomials. The main result of this paper is about the structure of this kind of kernels.
Supersymmetric Grand Unification Model with the Orbifold Symmetry Breaking in the Six Dimensional SupergravityAug 19 2001We construct supersymmetric (SUSY) grand unification (GUT) models in the six dimensional space-time where the GUT symmetry is broken down to the standard-model gauge group by a simple orbifolding T^2/Z_4 or T^2/Z_6 and a pair of massless Higgs doublets ... More
Semi-Simple Unification on T^6/Z_12 Orientifold in the Type IIB SupergravityAug 06 2001The semi-simple unification model based on SU(5)_GUT \times U(3)_H gauge group is an interesting extension of the minimal SU(5)_GUT grand unification theory (GUT), since it solves the two serious problems in the standard GUT: the triplet-doublet splitting ... More
Small Violation of Universal Yukawa Coupling and Neutrino Large MixingSep 15 2000We assume the universal Yukawa coupling (democratic mass matrix) with small violations for quarks, charged leptons and neutrinos masses. We could reproduce the mass hierarchy for quark masses and V_{CKM} matrix elements precisely. We adopt the see-saw ... More
Dynamics of a tagged particle in the asymmetric exclusion process with the step initial conditionFeb 02 2007Jul 06 2007The one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) is considered. We study the time evolution property of a tagged particle in TASEP with the step-type initial condition. Calculated is the multi-time joint distribution function of ... More
Polynuclear growth model, GOE$^2$ and random matrix with deterministic sourceNov 17 2004We present a random matrix interpretation of the distribution functions which have appeared in the study of the one-dimensional polynuclear growth (PNG) model with external sources. It is shown that the distribution, GOE$^2$, which is defined as the square ... More
Fluctuations of a one-dimensional polynuclear growth model in a half spaceJul 01 2003We consider the multi-point equal time height fluctuations of a one-dimensional polynuclear growth model in a half space. For special values of the nucleation rate at the origin, the multi-layer version of the model is reduced to a determinantal process, ... More
Quark beta decay in an inhomogeneous chiral phase and cooling of hybrid starsSep 28 2012We discuss the cooling of hybrid stars by considering the neutrino emission from quark matter. As a current topic the appearance of various inhomogeneous chiral phases have been studied near the chiral transition. Here we consider the dual-chiral-density-wave ... More
Streda formula for the Hofstadter-Wilson-Dirac model in two and four dimensionsSep 09 2016Nov 29 2016We rederive the spectral asymmetry of the Wilson-Dirac model in external fields, paying attention to the Chern number due to the Berry connection. We interpret the smooth part of the spectral asymmetry as the Streda formula that is originally derived ... More
Intelligent Unmanned Explorer for Deep Space ExplorationApr 30 2008asteroids or comets have received remarkable attention in the world. In small body explorations, especially, detailed in-situ surface exploration by tiny rover is one of effective and fruitful means and is expected to make strong contributions towards ... More
Novel Effect Induced by Spacetime Curvature in Quantum HydrodynamicsNov 02 2018Apr 26 2019The interplay between quantum fluctuation and spacetime curvature is shown to induce an additional quantum-curvature (QC) term in the energy-momentum tensor of fluid using the generalized framework of the stochastic variational method (SVM). The QC term ... More
Transport Coefficients of Non-Newtonian Fluid and Causal Dissipative HydrodynamicsJun 23 2008Oct 20 2008A new formula to calculate the transport coefficients of the causal dissipative hydrodynamics is derived by using the projection operator method (Mori-Zwanzig formalism) in [T. Koide, Phys. Rev. E75, 060103(R) (2007)]. This is an extension of the Green-Kubo-Nakano ... More
Variational Principle of Hydrodynamics and Quantization by Stochastic ProcessDec 19 2014Jan 05 2015The well-known hydrodynamical representation of the Schr\"{o}dinger equation is reformulated by extending the idea of Nelson-Yasue's stochastic variational method. The fluid flow is composed by the two stochastic processes from the past and the future, ... More
Thermodynamic Laws and Equipartition Theorem in Relativistic Brownian MotionFeb 16 2011Apr 27 2011We extend the stochastic energetics to a relativistic system. The thermodynamic laws and equipartition theorem are discussed for a relativistic Brownian particle and the first and the second law of thermodynamics in this formalism are derived. The relation ... More
Searching for g modes: Part II. Unconfirmed g-mode detection in the power spectrum of the time series of round-trip travel timeMar 09 2019The recent claimed detection of g modes was obtained from the analysis of the power spectrum of the time series of round-trip travel time of p modes. The goal of this paper is to reproduce these results on which the claims are based for confirming or ... More
Vortex Lattice Structures of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in a Rotating Triangular Lattice PotentialJun 06 2007We study the vortex pinning effect in a Bose-Einstein Condensate in the presence of a rotating lattice potential by numerically solving the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We consider a triangular lattice potential created by blue-detuned laser ... More
Lattice QCD Study of the Pentaquark BaryonsOct 19 2004Oct 25 2004We study the spin $\frac12$ hadronic state in quenched lattice QCD to search for a possible $S=+1$ pentaquark resonance. Simulations are carried out on $8^3\times 24$, $10^3\times 24$, $12^3\times 24$ and $16^3\times 24$ lattices at $\beta$=5.7 at the ... More
The Configuration Space of Low-dimensional Yang-Mills TheoriesJan 26 1998We discuss the construction of the physical configuration space for Yang-Mills quantum mechanics and Yang-Mills theory on a cylinder. We explicitly eliminate the redundant degrees of freedom by either fixing a gauge or introducing gauge invariant variables. ... More
A Global View of Kinks in 1+1 GravityJul 25 1997Following Finkelstein and Misner, kinks are non-trivial field configurations of a field theory, and different kink-numbers correspond to different disconnected components of the space of allowed field configurations for a given topology of the base manifold. ... More
Complete Classification of 1+1 Gravity SolutionsNov 25 1997A classification of the maximally extended solutions for 1+1 gravity models (comprising e.g. generalized dilaton gravity as well as models with non-trivial torsion) is presented. No restrictions are placed on the topology of the arising solutions, and ... More
The $σ$-meson and $π$-$π$ Correlation in Hot/Dense Medium: soft modes for chiral transition in QCDDec 11 2001After a brief overview of the realization of chiral symmetry in hot and/or dense medium, the implications of the existence of a light scalar-isoscalar meson (which we call $\sigma$ throughout this report) are discussed in the vacuum and in the medium. ... More
Geometric Origin of Large Lepton Mixing in a Higher Dimensional SpacetimeMay 09 2002Aug 02 2002The large mixing in the lepton sector observed in the recent neutrino-oscillation experiments strongly suggest that nature of left-handed lepton doublets is very different from that of left-handed quark doublets. This means that there is a big disparity ... More
Higher Dimensional Supersymmetry as an Origin of the Three Families for Quarks and LeptonsJan 11 2002May 09 2002In a (0,1) supersymmetric (SUSY) six-dimensional gauge theory, a gauge fermion gives rise to box anomalies. These anomalies are completely canceled by assuming a vector multiplet of (1,1) SUSY. With a T^2/Z_3 orbifold compactification of the extra two ... More
N = 2 Supersymmetry in a Hybrid Inflation ModelNov 30 2000The slow roll inflation requires an extremely flat inflaton potential. The supersymmetry (SUSY) is not only motivated from the gauge hierarchy problem, but also from stabilizing that flatness of the inflaton potential against radiative corrections. However, ... More
Polarized light flavor sea-quark asymmetry in polarized semi-inclusive processesMay 11 1999Oct 08 1999We propose new formulas for extracting a difference of the polarized light sea-quark density, $\Delta\bar d(x)-\Delta\bar u(x)$, from polarized deep-inelastic semi-inclusive data. We have estimated the value of it from the present experimental data measured ... More
Z$_2$ index theorem for Majorana zero modes in a class D topological superconductorSep 14 2010Oct 28 2010We propose a Z$_2$ index theorem for a generic topological superconductor in class D. Introducing a particle-hole symmetry breaking term depending on a parameter and regarding it as a coordinate of an extra dimension, we define the index of the zero modes ... More
Non-Central Limit Theorem for Quadratic Functionals of Hermite-Driven Long Memory Moving Average ProcessesJul 27 2016Let $(Z_t^{(q, H)})_{t \geq 0}$ denote a Hermite process of order $q \geq 1$ and self-similarity parameter $H \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1)$. Consider the Hermite-driven moving average process $$X_t^{(q, H)} = \int_0^t x(t-u) dZ^{(q, H)}(u), \qquad t \geq 0.$$ ... More
Theory of Stochastic Shock Drift Acceleration for Electrons in the Shock Transition RegionMar 06 2019We propose a novel electron acceleration mechanism, which we call stochastic shock drift acceleration (SSDA), that extends the standard shock drift acceleration (SDA) for low-energy electrons at a quasi-perpendicular shock to include the effect of stochastic ... More
Relativistic generalization of Brownian MotionOct 10 2007The relativistic generalization of the Brownian motion is discussed. We show that the transformation property of the noise term is determined by requiring for the equilibrium distribution function to be Lorentz invariant, such as the J\"uttner distribution ... More
Simulation Study of Solar Plasma Eruptions Caused by Interactions between Emerging Flux and Coronal Arcade FieldsOct 01 2014We investigate the triggering mechanisms of plasma eruptions in the solar atmosphere due to interactions between emerging flux and coronal arcade fields by using two-dimensional MHD simulations. We perform parameter surveys with respect to arcade field ... More
Solitonic asymptotics for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small dispersion limitNov 30 2009We study the small dispersion limit for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t+6uu_x+\epsilon^{2}u_{xxx}=0$ in a critical scaling regime where $x$ approaches the trailing edge of the region where the KdV solution shows oscillatory behavior. Using the ... More
Painleve II asymptotics near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small dispersion limitDec 22 2008In the small dispersion limit, solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries equation develop an interval of fast oscillations after a certain time. We obtain a universal asymptotic expansion for the Korteweg-de Vries solution near the leading edge of the oscillatory ... More
Electronic GlassesMar 20 2004A short introduction to the physics and the method to treat quantum crystals of electrons (Wigner crystal) and the related disordered elastic systems.
The Evolution of Gas and Dust in Protoplanetary Accretion DisksJul 18 2011Dust constitutes only about one percent of the mass of circumstellar disks, yet it is of crucial importance for the modeling of planet formation, disk chemistry, radiative transfer and observations. The initial growth of dust from sub-micron sized grains ... More
Symmetry Protected Topological phases of Quantum MatterMay 15 2014We describe recent progress in our understanding of the interplay between interactions, symmetry, and topology in states of quantum matter. We focus on a minimal generalization of the celebrated topological band insulators to interacting many particle ... More
Water in Emission in the ISO Spectrum of the Early M Supergiant Star mu CepheiAug 03 2000We report a detection of water in emission in the spectrum of the M2 supergiant atar mu Cep (M2Ia) observed by the Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) aboard Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) and now released as the ISO Archives. The emission first appears ... More
Finite and Infinite W Algebras and their ApplicationsAug 30 1993In this paper we present a systematic study of $W$ algebras from the Hamiltonian reduction point of view. The Drinfeld-Sokolov (DS) reduction scheme is generalized to arbitrary $sl_2$ embeddings thus showing that a large class of W algebras can be viewed ... More
Gamma-Ray Bursts from Neutron Star MergersJan 17 1994Binary neutron stars merger (NS$^2$M) at cosmological distances is probably the only $\gamma$-ray bursts model based on an independently observed phenomenon which is known to be taking place at a comparable rate. We describe this model, its predictions ... More
The Merton Problem with a Drawdown Constraint on ConsumptionOct 18 2012In this paper, we work in the framework of the Merton problem but we impose a drawdown constraint on the consumption process. This means that consumption can never fall below a fixed proportion of the running maximum of past consumption. In terms of economic ... More
Quantification of nuclear uncertainties in nucleosynthesis of elements beyond IronDec 22 2014Nucleosynthesis beyond Fe poses additional challenges not encountered when studying astrophysical processes involving light nuclei. Generally higher temperatures and nuclear level densities lead to stronger contributions of transitions on excited target ... More
Two effects relevant for the study of astrophysical reaction rates: gamma transitions in capture reactions and Coulomb suppression of the stellar enhancementAug 27 2008Nucleosynthesis processes involve reactions on several thousand nuclei, both close to and far off stability. The preparation of reaction rates to be used in astrophysical investigations requires experimental and theoretical input. In this context, two ... More
Comment on "Heavy element production in inhomogeneous big bang nucleosynthesis"Apr 12 2006The work of Matsuura et al. [Phys. Rev. D 72, 123505 (2005); astro-ph/0507439] claims that heavy nuclei could have been produced in a combined p- and r-process in very high baryon density regions of an inhomogeneous big bang. However, they do not account ... More
Reaction Rate Sensitivity of the gamma-Process PathJul 16 2004The location of the (gamma,p)/(gamma,n) and (gamma,alpha)/(gamma,n) line at gamma-process temperatures is discussed, using recently published reaction rates based on global Hauser-Feshbach calculations. The results can directly be compared to previously ... More
Prediction of nuclear reaction rates for astrophysicsJul 28 2000This is an overview over the prediction of astrophysical reaction rates in the statistical model, with special emphasis on the parametrization of optical alpha+nucleus potentials.
Modeling The Nucleosynthesis Of Massive StarsSep 09 2003This overview discusses issues relevant to modeling nucleosynthesis in type II supernovae and implications of detailed studies of the ejecta. After a brief presentation of the most common approaches to stellar evolution and parameterized explosions, the ... More
Genuine tripartite entanglement in the non-interacting Fermi gasJan 31 2007We study genuine tripartite entanglement shared among the spins of three localized fermions in the non-interacting Fermi gas at zero temperature. Firstly, we prove analytically with the aid of entanglement witnesses that in a particular configuration ... More
Ground state Correlation functions for an impenetrable Bose gas with Neumann or Dirichlet boundary conditionsMay 17 1996Mar 26 1997We study density correlation functions for an impenetrable Bose gas in a finite box, with Neumann or Dirichlet boundary conditions in the ground state. We derive the Fredholm minor determinant formulas for the correlation functions. In the thermodynamic ... More
Problems with the Current Cosmological ParadigmJan 21 2004We note that the standard LCDM cosmological model continues to face fundamental problems. First, the model continues to depend wholly on two pieces of undiscovered physics, namely dark energy and cold dark matter. Then, the implied dark energy density ... More
Counting peaks at height k in a Dyck pathMar 21 2002May 02 2002A Dyck path is a lattice path in the plane integer lattice $\mathbb{Z}\times\mathbb{Z}$ consisting of steps (1,1) and (1,-1), which never passes below the x-axis. A peak at height k on a Dyck path is a point on the path with coordinate y=k that is immediately ... More
Permutations containing and avoiding certain patternsNov 30 1999Feb 21 2000Let T_k^m={\sigma \in S_k | \sigma_1=m}. We prove that the number of permutations which avoid all patterns in T_k^m equals (k-2)!(k-1)^{n+1-k} for k <= n. We then prove that for any \tau in T_k^1 (or any \tau in T_k^k), the number of permutations which ... More
Coloured permutations containing and avoiding certain patternsDec 03 2001Following Mansour, let $S_n^{(r)}$ be the set of all coloured permutations on the symbols $1,2,...,n$ with colours $1,2,...,r$, which is the analogous of the symmetric group when r=1, and the hyperoctahedral group when r=2. Let $I\subseteq\{1,2,...,r\}$ ... More
Strong disorder effects of a Dirac fermion with a random vector fieldSep 19 2002We study a Dirac fermion model with a random vector field, especially paying attention to a strong disorder regime. Applying the bosonization techniques, we first derive an equivalent sine-Gordon model, and next average over the random vector field using ... More
Disordered d-wave superconductors with chiral symmetryMay 26 1999A two-dimensional lattice model for d-wave superconductor with chiral symmetry is studied. The field theory at the band center is shown to be in the universality class of U(2n)/O(2n) and U(2n) nonlinear sigma model for the system with broken and unbroken ... More
Pairing in finite nuclei from low-momentum two- and three-nucleon interactionsApr 12 2012The present contribution reviews recent advances made toward a microscopic understanding of superfluidity in nuclei using many-body methods based on the BCS ansatz and low-momentum inter-nucleon interactions, themselves based on chiral effective field ... More
Reducing Quantum Errors and Improving Large Scale Quantum CryptographyAug 15 1996Noise causes severe difficulties in implementing quantum computing and quantum cryptography. Several schemes have been suggested to reduce this problem, mainly focusing on quantum computation. Motivated by quantum cryptography, we suggest a coding which ... More
Arguments Against a Finite N=8 SupergravityMay 25 2012I present arguments based on dispersion theory and the existence of charged BPS states of small charge, that maximally supersymmetric SUGRA is not a finite theory. The essence of the argument is that the perturbative construction of the theory implies ... More
Some Thoughts on the Quantum Theory of Stable de Sitter SpaceMar 07 2005I review and update ideas about the quantum theory of de Sitter space. New results include a quantum relation between energy and entropy of states in the causal patch, which is satisfied by small dS black holes. I also discuss the preliminaries of a quantum ... More
Holographic Space-time Models in $1 + 1$ DimensionsJun 18 2015Nov 03 2015We construct Holographic Space-time models that reproduce the dynamics of $1 + 1$ dimensional string theory. The necessity for a dilaton field in the $1 + 1$ effective Lagrangian for classical geometry, the appearance of fermions, and even the form of ... More
Density Functional Theory for Field Theorists IMar 10 2015I summarize Density Functional Theory (DFT) in a language familiar to quantum field theorists, and introduce several apparently novel ideas for constructing {\it systematic} approximations for the density functional. I also note that, at least within ... More
Supersymmetry Breaking and the Cosmological ConstantFeb 04 2014May 22 2014I review three attempts to explain the small value of the cosmological constant, and their connection to SUSY breaking. They are The String Landscape, Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions (SLED), and the Holographic Space-time Formalism invented by Fischler ... More
The Top 10^{500} Reasons Not to Believe in the LandscapeAug 28 2012The String Landscape is a fantasy. We actually have a plausible landscape of minimally supersymmetric $AdS_4$ solutions of supergravity modified by an exponential superpotential. None of these solutions is accessible to world sheet perturbation theory. ... More
II_{\infty} Factors and M-theory in Asymptotically Flat Space-TimeJul 03 2006I discuss a formulation of M-theory at null infinity, which is based on general principles of holographic space-time, and is manifestly covariant. The construction utilizes a certain Type II Von Neumann algebra, which provides a kinematic framework, alternative ... More
Vertex Operators in 2K DimensionsMar 21 1995Mar 28 1995A formula is proposed which expresses free fermion fields in 2K dimensions in terms of the Cartan currents of the free fermion current algebra. This leads, in an obvious manner, to a vertex operator construction of nonabelian free fermion current algebras ... More
Scaling Tests of Some Lattice Fermion ActionsSep 16 1997I describe studies of quenched spectroscopy, using crude approximations to fixed point actions for fermions interacting with SU(3) gauge fields. These actions have a hypercubic kinetic term and a complicated lattice anomalous magnetic moment term. They ... More
Naturally Light Higgs Doublets in the Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories with Dynamical Symmetry BreakingSep 16 1994We construct a supersymmetric grand unified model in which a dynamical symmetry breaking of SU(5)$_{GUT}$ generates large masses for color-triplet Higgs multiplets while keeping SU(2)$_L$-doublet Higgs multiplets naturally light. The vanishing masses ... More
Theoretical Developments on Hard QCD Processes at CollidersNov 12 2002I review recent theoretical progress on the description of heavy quark, jet and gauge boson production at colliders within perturbative QCD. Particular emphasis is put on the improved understanding of fragmentation phenomena, resummation of large logarithmic ... More
QCD corrections to the longitudinally polarized Drell-Yan processFeb 05 1997In this paper we calculate the O($\alpha_s$) corrections to the $x_F$- and $y$-distributions of lepton pairs produced in collisions of longitudinally polarized hadrons. The numerical importance of these corrections is studied and consequences for the ... More
Multiplicity distributions and long range rapidity correlationsAug 19 2010The physics of the initial conditions of heavy ion collisions is dominated by the nonlinear gluonic interactions of QCD. These lead to the concepts of parton saturation and the Color Glass Condensate (CGC). We discuss recent progress in calculating multi-gluon ... More
Classical chromodynamics and heavy ion collisionsMay 11 2005This paper is a slightly modified version of the introductory part of a doctoral dissertation also containing the articles hep-ph/0303076, hep-ph/0409328 and hep-ph/0409058. The paper focuses on the calculation of particle production in a relativistic ... More
Classical fields and heavy ion collisionsSep 08 2004This is a review of numerical applications of classical gluodynamics to heavy ion collisions. We recall some results from calculations of gluon production, discuss their implications for heavy ion phenomenology, and outline a strategy to calculate the ... More
Azimuthal harmonics of color fields in a high energy nucleusJan 22 2015Feb 09 2015Recent experimental results have revealed a surprisingly rich structure of multiparticle azimuthal correlations in high energy proton-nucleus collisions. Final state collective effects can be responsible for many of the observed effects, but it has recently ... More
Multigluon correlations in JIMWLKJul 31 2012Oct 01 2012We discuss applications of the JIMWLK renormalization group equation to multigluon correlations in high energy collisions. This includes recent progress in computing the energy dependence of higher point Wilson line correlators from the JIMWLK renormalization ... More
Initial conditions of heavy ion collisions and small xJan 14 2009The Color Glass Condensate (CGC), describing the physics of the nonlinear gluonic interactions of QCD at high energy, provides a consistent first-principles framework to understand the initial conditions of heavy ion collisions. This talk reviews some ... More
Particle Correlations in Z and WW EventsMay 10 2002Important information about the dynamics of hadron production can be obtained by the study of particle correlations. More than 16 million hadronic Z0 decays and several thousand W+W- events have been recorded from the four LEP collaborations between 1989 ... More
Cross Section and Heavy Quark Composition of Photon+Muon Events Produced in ppbar CollisionsJun 01 2001We present a measurement of the cross section and the first measurement of the heavy flavor content of associated direct photon + muon events produced in hadronic collisions. These measurements come from a sample of 1.8 TeV ppbar collisions recorded with ... More
Transitions toward Quantum Chaos: with Supersymmetry from Poisson to GaussOct 11 1995The transition from arbitrary to chaotic fluctuation properties in quantum systems is studied in a random matrix model. It is assumed that the Hamiltonian can be written as the sum of an arbitrary and a chaos producing part. The Gaussian ensembles are ... More
Remarks on homo- and hetero-polymeric aspects of protein foldingMay 03 2003Different aspects of protein folding are illustrated by simplified polymer models. Stressing the diversity of side chains (residues) leads one to view folding as the freezing transition of an heteropolymer. Technically, the most common approach to diversity ... More
The Z Boson Resonance ParametersSep 01 1997Aug 23 1999The Z line shape is measured at LEP/CERN with an accuracy at the per mille level. Usually it is described in the Standard Model of electroweak interactions with account of quantum corrections. Alternatively, one may attempt an S-matrix based model-independent ... More
Theory of Elastic Vector Meson ProductionOct 13 1999The elastic production of vector mesons at HERA is discussed from the theoretical point of view. We briefly review different models, their successes and shortcomings. Main emphasis is put on recent issues in perturbative QCD calculations. Models including ... More
Uniqueness Results for Weak Leray-Hopf Solutions of the Navier-Stokes System with Initial Values in Critical SpacesOct 26 2016This paper concerns that establishment of certain classes of initial data, which grant short time uniqueness of the associated weak Leray-Hopf solutions of the three dimensional Navier-Stokes equations. In particular, it is shown that this holds for any ... More