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Uniform Modeling of KOIs: MCMC Data Release NotesApr 02 2015The Kepler Mission used a 0.95-m aperture space-based telescope to continuously observe more than 150 000 stars for 4 years. We model and analyze most KOIs listed at the Exoplanet Archive using the Kepler data. This document describes data products related ... More

Discovery of Photospheric Calcium Line Strength Variations in the DAZd White Dwarf G29-38Feb 25 2007Metals in the photospheres of white dwarfs with Teff between 12,000 and 25,000 K should gravitationally settle out of these atmospheres in 1-2 weeks. Temporal variations in the line strengths of these metals could provide a direct measurement of episodic ... More

Twins: The Two Shortest Period Non-Interacting Double Degenerate White Dwarf StarsNov 09 2009We report on the detection of the two shortest period non-interacting white dwarf binary systems. These systems, SDSS J143633.29+501026.8 and SDSS J105353.89+520031.0, were identified by searching for radial velocity variations in the individual exposures ... More

First Results from the Swarms Survey. SDSS 1257+5428: A Nearby, Massive White Dwarf Binary with a Likely Neutron Star or Black Hole CompanionOct 14 2009We present the first results from SWARMS (Sloan White dwArf Radial velocity data Mining Survey), an ongoing project to identify compact white dwarf (WD) binaries in the spectroscopic catalog of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The first object identified ... More

Kepler-62f: Kepler's First Small Planet in the Habitable Zone, but Is It Real?May 14 2019May 15 2019Kepler-62f is the first exoplanet small enough to plausibly have a rocky composition orbiting within the habitable zone (HZ) discovered by the Kepler Mission. The planet is 1.4 times the size of the Earth and has an orbital period of 267 days. At the ... More

The Peculiar Pulsations of PY VulApr 29 2004The pulsating white dwarf star PY Vul (G~185-32) exhibits pulsation modes with peculiar properties that set it apart from other variable stars in the ZZ Ceti (DAV) class. These peculiarities include a low total pulsation amplitude, a mode with bizarre ... More

Re-Evaluating Small Long-Period Confirmed Planets From KeplerJan 02 2019We re-examine the statistical confirmation of small long-period Kepler planet candidates in light of recent improvements in our understanding of the occurrence of systematic false alarms in this regime. Using the final Data Release 25 (DR25) Kepler planet ... More

A Machine Learning Technique to Identify Transit Shaped SignalsAug 31 2015We describe a new metric that uses machine learning to determine if a periodic signal found in a photometric time series appears to be shaped like the signature of a transiting exoplanet. This metric uses dimensionality reduction and k-nearest neighbors ... More

Identifying False Alarms in the Kepler Planet Candidate CatalogFeb 09 2016We present a new automated method to identify instrumental features masquerading as small, long period planets in the \kepler\ planet candidate catalog. These systematics, mistakenly identified as planet transits, can have a strong impact on occurrence ... More

Hosts and Alignment Effect in 0.5 < z < 1 radio sourcesSep 11 1998R- and I- band images with good seeing at the NOT of the hosts of a sample of 7C radio galaxies at z ~ 0.7 (with mean radio flux 20 times fainter than the 3C sample) show some evidence of radio-optical alignment. A quantitative analysis of the alignment ... More

That's How We Roll: The NASA K2 Mission Science Products and Their Performance MetricsDec 18 2015Feb 25 2016NASA's exoplanet Discovery mission Kepler was reconstituted as the K2 mission a year after the failure of the 2nd of Kepler's 4 reaction wheels in May 2013. The new spacecraft pointing method now gives typical roll motion of 1.0 pixels peak-to-peak over ... More

The K2 Ecliptic Plane Input Catalog (EPIC) and Stellar Classifications of 138,600 Targets in Campaigns 1-8Dec 08 2015May 19 2016The K2 Mission uses the Kepler spacecraft to obtain high-precision photometry over ~80 day campaigns in the ecliptic plane. The Ecliptic Plane Input Catalog (EPIC) provides coordinates, photometry and kinematics based on a federation of all-sky catalogs ... More

Accelerated Tidal Circularization Via Resonance Locking in KIC 8164262Jun 15 2017Oct 16 2017Tidal dissipation in binary star and planetary systems is poorly understood. Fortunately, eccentric binaries known as heartbeat stars often exhibit tidally excited oscillations, providing observable diagnostics of tidal circularization mechanisms and ... More

Blood ties: ABO is a trans-species polymorphism in primatesAug 22 2012The ABO histo-blood group, the critical determinant of transfusion incompatibility, was the first genetic polymorphism discovered in humans. Remarkably, ABO antigens are also polymorphic in many other primates, with the same two amino acid changes responsible ... More

Deep WFPC2 and Ground-based Imaging of a Complete Sample of 3C Quasars and GalaxiesMay 22 1997We present the results of an HST and ground-based imaging study of a complete 3C sample of z ~ 1 sources, including 5 quasars and 5 radio galaxies. We have resolved continuum structure around all of our quasars in the WFPC2 images and in four of the five ... More

1953: An unrecognized summit in human genetic linkage analysisSep 24 2007This paper summarizes and discusses the methodological research in human genetic linkage analysis, leading up to and following from the paper of C. A. B. Smith presented as a Royal Statistical Society discussion paper in 1953. This paper was given as ... More

A Class of Eccentric Binaries with Dynamic Tidal Distortions Discovered with KeplerMar 27 2012We have discovered a class of eccentric binary systems within the Kepler data archive that have dynamic tidal distortions and tidally-induced pulsations. Each has a uniquely shaped light curve that is characterized by periodic brightening or variability ... More

The Derivation, Properties and Value of Kepler's Combined Differential Photometric PrecisionAug 02 2012The Kepler Mission is searching for Earth-size planets orbiting solar-like stars by simultaneously observing >160,000 stars to detect sequences of transit events in the photometric light curves. The Combined Differential Photometric Precision (CDPP) is ... More

A Correspondence Between Distances and Embeddings for Manifolds: New Techniques for Applications of the Abstract BoundaryApr 18 2011We present a one-to-one correspondence between equivalence classes of embeddings of a manifold (into a larger manifold of the same dimension) and equivalence classes of certain distances on the manifold. This correspondence allows us to use the Abstract ... More

Measuring Transit Signal Recovery in the Kepler Pipeline II: Detection Efficiency as Calculated in One Year of DataJul 17 2015The Kepler planet sample can only be used to reconstruct the underlying planet occurrence rate if the detection efficiency of the Kepler pipeline is known, here we present the results of a second experiment aimed at characterising this detection efficiency. ... More

Contamination in the Kepler Field. Identification of 685 KOIs as False Positives Via Ephemeris Matching Based On Q1-Q12 DataJan 06 2014Apr 14 2014The Kepler mission has to date found almost 6,000 planetary transit-like signals, utilizing three years of data for over 170,000 stars at extremely high photometric precision. Due to its design, contamination from eclipsing binaries, variable stars, and ... More

The Aligned z ~ 1 Radio Galaxy 3C 280Oct 03 2003The z~1 radio galaxy 3C280 has a striking rest-frame UV morphology, with multiple line and continuum components precisely aligned with the radio structure, including an obvious semi-circular arc. We explore the nature of these various components by bringing ... More

The Pseudosynchronization of Binary Stars Undergoing Strong Tidal InteractionsJun 16 2017Eccentric binaries known as heartbeat stars experience strong dynamical tides as the stars pass through periastron, providing a laboratory to study tidal interactions. We measure the rotation periods of 24 heartbeat systems, using the Kepler light curves ... More

Estimation of the Distribution of Random Parameters in Discrete Time Abstract Parabolic Systems with Unbounded Input and Output: Approximation and ConvergenceJul 13 2018Mar 14 2019A finite dimensional abstract approximation and convergence theory is developed for estimation of the distribution of random parameters in infinite dimensional discrete time linear systems with dynamics described by regularly dissipative operators and ... More

High-resolution near-infrared imaging of the Orion 114-426 silhouette diskOct 31 1997We present the first high-resolution near-infrared images of the edge-on silhouette circumstellar disk, Orion 114-426, made using NICMOS on the Hubble Space Telescope. Images taken against the bright nebular background of the ionized hydrogen Pa$\alpha$ ... More

Photometrically derived masses and radii of the planet and star in the TrES-2 systemOct 16 2012Oct 19 2012We measure the mass and radius of the star and planet in the TrES-2 system using 2.7 years of observations by the Kepler spacecraft. The light curve shows evidence for ellipsoidal variations and Doppler beaming on a period consistent with the orbital ... More

A radio-jet -- galaxy interaction in 3C441Mar 03 1998Multi-wavelength imaging and spectroscopy of the z=0.708 radio galaxy 3C441 and a red aligned optical/infrared component are used to show that the most striking aspect of the radio-optical ``alignment effect'' in this object is due to the interaction ... More

Alignment of the stellar spin with the orbits of a three-planet systemJul 24 2012The Sun's equator and the planets' orbital planes are nearly aligned, which is presumably a consequence of their formation from a single spinning gaseous disk. For exoplanetary systems this well-aligned configuration is not guaranteed: dynamical interactions ... More

Measuring Transit Signal Recovery in the Kepler Pipeline. III. Completeness of the Q1-Q17 DR24 Planet Candidate Catalogue, with Important Caveats for Occurrence Rate CalculationsMay 18 2016With each new version of the Kepler pipeline and resulting planet candidate catalogue, an updated measurement of the underlying planet population can only be recovered with an corresponding measurement of the Kepler pipeline detection efficiency. Here, ... More

Detection of Potential Transit Signals in 17 Quarters of Kepler Mission DataJan 15 2015Feb 13 2015We present the results of a search for potential transit signals in the full 17-quarter data set collected during Kepler's primary mission that ended on May 11, 2013, due to the on-board failure of a second reaction wheel needed to maintain high precision, ... More

Confirmation of Hot Jupiter Kepler-41b via Phase Curve AnalysisMar 04 2013We present high precision photometry of Kepler-41, a giant planet in a 1.86 day orbit around a G6V star that was recently confirmed through radial velocity measurements. We have developed a new method to confirm giant planets solely from the photometric ... More

Plutonium-Based Heavy-Fermion SystemsJan 24 2016An effective mass of charge carriers that is significantly larger that the mass of a free electron develops at low temperatures in certain lanthanide- and actinide-based metals, including those formed with plutonium, due to strong electron-electron interactions. ... More

A Fuzzy Logic Approach to Target TrackingMar 13 2013This paper discusses a target tracking problem in which no dynamic mathematical model is explicitly assumed. A nonlinear filter based on the fuzzy If-then rules is developed. A comparison with a Kalman filter is made, and empirical results show that the ... More

Fibered knots and potential counterexamples to the Property 2R and Slice-Ribbon ConjecturesMar 08 2011If there are any 2-component counterexamples to the Generalized Property R Conjecture, a least genus component of all such counterexamples cannot be a fibered knot. Furthermore, the monodromy of a fibered component of any such counterexample has unexpected ... More

Domain-wall branes in Lifshitz theoriesAug 12 2010Aug 21 2010We analyze whether or not Lifshitz field theories in 4 + 1 dimensions may provide ultraviolet-complete domain-wall brane models. We first show that Lifshitz scalar field theory can admit topologically stable domain wall solutions. A Lifshitz fermion field ... More

Detection of Potential Transit Signals in Sixteen Quarters of Kepler Mission DataNov 01 2013Jan 07 2014We present the results of a search for potential transit signals in four years of photometry data acquired by the Kepler Mission. The targets of the search include 111,800 stars which were observed for the entire interval and 85,522 stars which were observed ... More

Detection of Potential Transit Signals in the First Three Quarters of Kepler Mission DataJan 05 2012Jan 19 2012We present the results of a search for potential transit signals in the first three quarters of photometry data acquired by the Kepler Mission. The targets of the search include 151,722 stars which were observed over the full interval and an additional ... More

A super-Earth-sized planet orbiting in or near the habitable zone around Sun-like starApr 17 2013We present the discovery of a super-earth-sized planet in or near the habitable zone of a sun-like star. The host is Kepler-69, a 13.7 mag G4V-type star. We detect two periodic sets of transit signals in the three-year flux time series of Kepler-69, obtained ... More

Terrestrial Planet Occurrence Rates for the Kepler GK Dwarf SampleJun 12 2015We measure planet occurrence rates using the planet candidates discovered by the Q1-Q16 Kepler pipeline search. This study examines planet occurrence rates for the Kepler GK dwarf target sample for planet radii, 0.75<Rp<2.5 Rearth, and orbital periods, ... More

Deconvolving the Input to Random Abstract Parabolic Systems; A Population Model-Based Approach to Estimating Blood/Breath Alcohol Concentration from Transdermal Alcohol Biosensor DataJul 13 2018The distribution of random parameters in, and the input signal to, a distributed parameter model with unbounded input and output operators for the transdermal transport of ethanol are estimated. The model takes the form of a diffusion equation with the ... More

Span, Cospan, and Other Double CategoriesJan 18 2012Given a double category D such that D_0 has pushouts, we characterize oplax/lax adjunctions between D and Cospan(D_0) such that the right adjoint is normal and restricts to the identity on D_0, where Cospan(D_0) denotes the double category on D_0 whose ... More

A classification of relation types of Ore extensions of dimension 5Dec 10 2015In order to study AS-regular algebras of dimension 5, we consider dimension 5 graded iterated Ore extensions generated in degree one. We classify the possible degrees of relations and structure of the free resolution for extensions with 3 and 4 generators. ... More

Non-Hamiltonian actions with isolated fixed pointsOct 09 2015We construct a non-Hamiltonian symplectic circle action on a closed, connected, six-dimensional symplectic manifold with exactly 32 fixed points.

Validation of Kepler's Multiple Planet Candidates. III: Light Curve Analysis & Announcement of Hundreds of New Multi-planet SystemsFeb 26 2014The Kepler mission has discovered over 2500 exoplanet candidates in the first two years of spacecraft data, with approximately 40% of them in candidate multi-planet systems. The high rate of multiplicity combined with the low rate of identified false-positives ... More

Transit Timing Observations from Kepler: I. Statistical Analysis of the First Four MonthsFeb 02 2011Jul 01 2011The architectures of multiple planet systems can provide valuable constraints on models of planet formation, including orbital migration, and excitation of orbital eccentricities and inclinations. NASA's Kepler mission has identified 1235 transiting planet ... More

Depths of Powers of the Edge Ideal of a TreeAug 04 2009Lower bounds are given for the depths of R/I^t for t at least one when I is the edge ideal of a tree or forest. The bounds are given in terms of the diameter of the tree, or in case of a forest, the largest diameter of a connected component and the number ... More

Exponentiability via Double CategoriesDec 06 2011Apr 24 2012We use double categories to obtain a single theorem characterizing certain exponentiable morphisms of small categories, topological spaces, locales, and posets.

Studies of inflation and dark energy with coupled scalar fieldsFeb 03 2015Currently there is no definitive description for the accelerated expansion of the Universe at both early and late times; we know these two periods as the epochs of inflation and dark energy. Contained within this Thesis are two studies of inflation and ... More

Multivariate data analysis: The French wayMay 19 2008This paper presents exploratory techniques for multivariate data, many of them well known to French statisticians and ecologists, but few well understood in North American culture. We present the general framework of duality diagrams which encompasses ... More

Optical spectroscopy of two overlapping, flux-density-limited samples of radio sources in the North Ecliptic Cap, selected at 38 MHz and 151 MHzMay 27 1999We present the results of optical spectroscopy of two flux-density-limited samples of radio sources selected at frequencies of 38 and 151 MHz in the same region around the North Ecliptic Cap, the 8C-NEC and 7C-III samples respectively. Both samples are ... More

Depth and regularity of monomial ideals via polarization and combinatorial optimizationMar 06 2018Oct 18 2018In this paper we use polarization to study the behavior of the depth and regularity of a monomial ideal $I$, locally at a variable $x_i$, when we lower the degree of all the highest powers of the variable $x_i$ occurring in the minimal generating set ... More

Kepler-62f: Kepler's First Small Planet in the Habitable Zone, but Is It Real?May 14 2019Kepler-62f is the first exoplanet small enough to plausibly have a rocky composition orbiting within the habitable zone (HZ) discovered by the Kepler Mission. The planet is 1.4 times the size of the Earth and has an orbital period of 267 days. At the ... More

Percolation transition by random vertex splitting of diamond networks?Oct 15 2013We propose a statistical model defined on the three-dimensional diamond network where the splitting of randomly selected nodes leads to a spatially disordered network, with decreasing degree of connectivity. The terminal state, that is reached when all ... More

Highly entangled multi-qubit states with simple algebraic structureApr 24 2009Aug 14 2009Recent works by Brown et al and Borras et al have explored numerical optimisation procedures to search for highly entangled multi-qubit states according to some computationally tractable entanglement measure. We present an alternative scheme based upon ... More

Radio-optical alignments in a low radio luminosity sampleMar 21 1999We present an optically-based study of the alignment between the radio axes and the optical major axes of eight z~0.7 radio galaxies in a 7C sample. The radio galaxies in this sample are ~20-times less radio luminous than 3C galaxies at the same redshift, ... More

Yarkovsky Drift Detections for 159 Near-Earth AsteroidsAug 18 2017Aug 26 2017The Yarkovsky effect is a thermal process acting upon the orbits of small celestial bodies, which can cause these orbits to slowly expand or contract with time. The effect is subtle -- typical drift rates lie near $10^{-4}$ au/My for a $\sim$1 km diameter ... More

Deciphering the Pulsations of G 29-38 with Optical Time Series SpectroscopyJul 10 2008We present optical time series spectroscopy of the pulsating white dwarf star G29-38 taken at the Very Large Telescope (VLT). By measuring the variations in brightness, Doppler shift, and line shape of each spectrum, we explore the physics of pulsation ... More

Statistical Inference in Dynamic Treatment RegimesJun 30 2010Nov 26 2013Dynamic treatment regimes are of growing interest across the clinical sciences as these regimes provide one way to operationalize and thus inform sequential personalized clinical decision making. A dynamic treatment regime is a sequence of decision rules, ... More

A Non-Radial Oscillation Model for Pulsar State SwitchingJan 04 2011Pulsars are unique astrophysical laboratories because of their clock-like timing precision, providing new ways to test general relativity and detect gravitational waves. One impediment to high-precision pulsar timing experiments is timing noise. Recently ... More

Subband coding for large-scale scientific simulation data using JPEG 2000Oct 08 2013Oct 23 2014The ISO/IEC JPEG 2000 image coding standard is a family of source coding algorithms targeting high-resolution image communications. JPEG 2000 features highly scalable embedded coding features that allow one to interactively zoom out to reduced resolution ... More

Geometrical Distance Determination using Type I X-ray BurstsJun 26 2006With the excellent angular resolution of the Chandra X-ray Observatory, it is possible to geometrically determine the distance to variable Galactic sources, based on the phenomenon that scattered radiation appearing in the X-ray halo has to travel along ... More

Short Duration Gamma-Ray Bursts with Extended Emission from Proto-Magnetar Spin-DownDec 07 2007Jan 08 2008Evidence is growing for a class of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) characterized by an initial ~0.1-1 s spike of hard radiation followed, after a ~3-10 s lull in emission, by a softer period of extended emission lasting ~10-100 s. In a few well-studied cases, ... More

Proto-Neutron Star Winds, Magnetar Birth, and Gamma-Ray BurstsApr 05 2007We begin by reviewing the theory of thermal, neutrino-driven proto-neutron star (PNS) winds. Including the effects of magnetic fields and rotation, we then derive the mass and energy loss from magnetically-driven PNS winds for both relativistic and non-relativistic ... More

Two Earth-sized planets orbiting Kepler-20Dec 20 2011Since the discovery of the first extrasolar giant planets around Sun-like stars, evolving observational capabilities have brought us closer to the detection of true Earth analogues. The size of an exoplanet can be determined when it periodically passes ... More

Planetary Candidates Observed by Kepler IV: Planet Sample From Q1-Q8 (22 Months)Dec 18 2013We provide updates to the Kepler planet candidate sample based upon nearly two years of high-precision photometry (i.e., Q1-Q8). From an initial list of nearly 13,400 Threshold Crossing Events (TCEs), 480 new host stars are identified from their flux ... More

Gravitational Self-Force Regularization in the Regge-Wheeler and Easy GaugesNov 11 2018Feb 27 2019We present numerical results for the gravitational self-force and redshift invariant calculated in the Regge-Wheeler and Easy gauges for circular orbits in a Schwarzschild background, utilizing the regularization framework introduced by Pound, Merlin, ... More

Formation of bright matter-wave solitons during the collapse of Bose-Einstein condensatesJan 30 2006We observe bright matter-wave solitons form during the collapse of 85Rb condensates in a three-dimensional magnetic trap. The collapse is induced by using a Feshbach resonance to suddenly switch the atomic interactions from repulsive to attractive. Remnant ... More

The Extragalactic Gamma-ray Sky in the Fermi eraOct 26 2015The Universe is largely transparent to $\gamma$ rays in the GeV energy range, making these high-energy photons valuable for exploring energetic processes in the cosmos. After seven years of operation, the Fermi {\it Gamma-ray Space Telescope} has produced ... More

Reconciling Compressive Sampling Systems for Spectrally-sparse Continuous-time SignalsJan 21 2011Oct 10 2011The Random Demodulator (RD) and the Modulated Wideband Converter (MWC) are two recently proposed compressed sensing (CS) techniques for the acquisition of continuous-time spectrally-sparse signals. They extend the standard CS paradigm from sampling discrete, ... More

BPS solitons in Lifshitz field theoriesOct 06 2010Oct 15 2010Lorentz-invariant scalar field theories in d+1 dimensions with second-order derivative terms are unable to support static soliton solutions that are both finite in energy and stable for d>2, a result known as Derrick's theorem. Lifshitz theories, which ... More

Probing the nodal gap in the pressure-induced heavy fermion superconductor CeRhIn5Jun 20 2008We report field-orientation specific heat studies of the pressure-induced heavy fermion superconductor CeRhIn5. Theses experiments provide the momentum-dependent superconducting gap function for the first time in any pressure-induced superconductor. In ... More

Radiative Corrections to the $K_{e3}^{\pm}$ Decay RevisedOct 03 2002We consider the lowest order radiative corrections for the decay $K^{\pm}\to \pi^0 e^{\pm} \nu$, usually referred as $K_{e3}^{\pm}$ decay. This decay is the best way to extract the value of the $V_{us}$ element of the CKM matrix. The radiative corrections ... More

Gauge Invariant Perturbations of the Schwarzschild SpacetimeNov 18 2016Jul 10 2017Beginning with the pioneering work of Regge and Wheeler (Phys. Rev. 108, 1957), there have been many studies of perturbations away from the Schwarzschild spacetime background. In particular several authors (e.g. Moncrief, Ann. Phys 88, 1974) have investigated ... More

Estimating the Distribution of Random Parameters in a Diffusion Equation Forward Model for a Transdermal Alcohol BiosensorAug 13 2018We estimate the distribution of random parameters in a distributed parameter model with unbounded input and output for the transdermal transport of ethanol in humans. The model takes the form of a diffusion equation with the input being the blood alcohol ... More

Effect of time of day on reward circuitry: Further thoughts on methods, prompted by Steel et al 2018Nov 14 2018Dec 11 2018The interplay between circadian and reward function is well understood in animal models, and is of growing interest as an aetiological explanation in psychopathologies. Circadian modulation of reward function has been demonstrated in human behavioural ... More

Planetary Candidates Observed by Kepler. VII. The First Fully Uniform Catalog Based on The Entire 48 Month Dataset (Q1-Q17 DR24)Dec 18 2015Feb 18 2016We present the seventh Kepler planet candidate catalog, which is the first to be based on the entire, uniformly processed, 48 month Kepler dataset. This is the first fully automated catalog, employing robotic vetting procedures to uniformly evaluate every ... More

The First Kepler Mission Planet Confirmed With The Hobby-Eberly Telescope: Kepler-15b, a Hot Jupiter Enriched In Heavy ElementsJul 13 2011We report the discovery of Kepler-15b, a new transiting exoplanet detected by NASA's Kepler mission. The transit signal with a period of 4.94 days was detected in the quarter 1 (Q1) Kepler photometry. For the first time, we have used the High-Resolution-Spectrograph ... More

Kepler Eclipsing Binary Stars. VII. The Catalog of Eclipsing Binaries Found in the Entire Kepler Data-SetDec 30 2015The primary Kepler Mission provided nearly continuous monitoring of ~200,000 objects with unprecedented photometric precision. We present the final catalog of eclipsing binary systems within the 105 square degree Kepler field of view. This release incorporates ... More

Charge density wave behavior and order-disorder in the antiferromagnetic metallic series Eu(Ga_1-xAl_x)_4Apr 05 2018The solid solution Eu(Ga_1-xAl_x)_4 was grown in single crystal form to reveal a rich variety of crystallographic, magnetic, and electronic properties that differ from the isostructural end compounds EuGa_4 and EuAl_4, despite the similar covalent radii ... More

Subsequent Boundary Distance Regression and Pixelwise Classification Networks for Automatic Kidney Segmentation in Ultrasound ImagesNov 12 2018Jan 08 2019It remains challenging to automatically segment kidneys in clinical ultrasound (US) images due to the kidneys' varied shapes and image intensity distributions, although semi-automatic methods have achieved promising performance. In this study, we propose ... More

A Magnetic and Moessbauer Spectral Study of Core/Shell Structured Fe/Au NanoparticlesDec 16 2005Fe/Au nanoparticles have been chemically synthesized through a reverse micelle reaction and investigated by both conventional and synchrotron based x-ray diffraction and by magnetic and Moessbauer spectral studies. The powder x-ray diffraction patterns ... More

A dynamical magnetic field accompanying the motion of ferroelectric domain wallsApr 12 2019The recently proposed dynamical multiferroic effect describes the generation of magnetization from temporally varying electric polarization. Here, we show that the effect can lead to a magnetic field at moving ferroelectric domain walls, where the rearrangement ... More

A note on the crystalline subrepresentation functorFeb 23 2000We propose the notion of the {\em crystalline sub-representation functor} defined on $p$-adic representations of the Galois groups of finite extensions of $\Qp$, with certain restrictions in the case of integral representations. By studying its right-derived ... More

Automating Software Citation using GitCiteFeb 03 2019The ability to cite software and give credit to its authors is increasingly important. This paper presents a model for software citation with version control, and an implementation that integrates with Git and GitHub. The implementation includes a browser ... More

Phenomenology of neutron-antineutron conversionOct 25 2017Nov 15 2017We consider the possibility of neutron-antineutron ($n-\bar n$) conversion, in which the change of a neutron into an antineutron is mediated by an external source, as can occur in a scattering process. We develop the connections between $n-{\bar n}$ conversion ... More

Minimal Reductions and Cores of Edge IdealsDec 28 2010Apr 27 2012We study minimal reductions of edge ideals of graphs and determine restrictions on the coefficients of the generators of these minimal reductions. We prove that when $I$ is not basic, then $\core{I}\subset \m I$, where $I$ is an edge ideal in the corresponding ... More

Complete invariants for Hamiltonian torus actions with two dimensional quotientsFeb 18 2002Dec 14 2003We study torus actions on symplectic manifolds with proper moment maps in the case that each reduced space is two-dimensional. We provide a complete set of invariants for such spaces. Our proof uses sheaves of groupoids of Hamiltonian spaces.

TRIPPy: Trailed Image Photometry in PythonMar 31 2016Photometry of moving sources typically suffers from reduced signal-to-noise (SNR) or flux measurements biased to incorrect low values through the use of circular apertures. To address this issue we present the software package, TRIPPy: TRailed Image Photometry ... More

Tracking network dynamics: a survey of distances and similarity metricsJan 22 2018Mar 09 2018From longitudinal biomedical studies to social networks, graphs have emerged as a powerful framework for describing evolving interactions between agents in complex systems. In such studies, after pre-processing, the data can be represented by a set of ... More

Fixed points of symplectic periodic flowsMar 25 2010The study of fixed points is a classical subject in geometry and dynamics. If the circle acts in a Hamiltonian fashion on a compact symplectic manifold M, then it is classically known that there are at least 1 + dim(M)/2 fixed points; this follows from ... More

The vanishing viscosity limit for a dyadic modelOct 21 2008A dyadic shell model for the Navier-Stokes equations is studied in the context of turbulence. The model is an infinite nonlinearly coupled system of ODEs. It is proved that the unique fixed point is a global attractor, which converges to the global attractor ... More

Regina Lectures on Fat PointsOct 14 2013These notes are a record of lectures given in the Workshop on Connections Between Algebra and Geometry at the University of Regina, May 29--June 1, 2012. The lectures were meant as an introduction to current research problems related to fat points for ... More

Superconducting and Normal State Properties of Heavily Hole-Doped DiamondSep 23 2004We report measurements of the specific heat, Hall effect, upper critical field and resistivity on bulk, B-doped diamond prepared by reacting amorphous B and graphite under high-pressure/high-temperature conditions. These experiments establish unambiguous ... More

Extension properties of asymptotic property C and finite decomposition complexityJul 02 2016Apr 03 2018We prove extension theorems for several geometric properties such as asymptotic property C (APC), finite decomposition complexity (FDC), strict finite decomposition complexity (sFDC) which are weakenings of Gromov's finite asymptotic dimension (FAD). ... More

Radiative Beta Decay for Studies of CP ViolationFeb 07 2013A triple-product correlation in the radiative \beta-decay rate of neutrons or of nuclei, characterized by the kinematic variable \xi\equiv (\vec{l}_\nu\times\vec{l}_e)\cdot\vec{k}, where, e.g., n(p) \to p(p') + e^-(l_e) + \bar{\nu}_e(l_\nu) + \gamma(k), ... More

Classifying birationally commutative projective surfacesOct 27 2009Let R be a noetherian connected graded domain of Gelfand-Kirillov dimension 3 over an uncountable algebraically closed field. Suppose that the graded quotient ring of R is a skew-Laurent ring over a field; we say that R is a birationally commutative projective ... More

Topology of complexity one quotientsOct 02 2018We describe of the topology of the geometric quotients of 2n dimensional compact connected symplectic manifolds with n-1 dimensional torus actions. When the isotropy weights at each fixed point are in general position, the quotient is homeomorphic to ... More

No positive cone in a free product is regularSep 20 2016Nov 15 2017We show that there exists no left order on the free product of two nontrivial, finitely generated, left-orderable groups such that the corresponding positive cone is represented by a regular language. Since there are orders on free groups of rank at least ... More

Minimal Almost ConvexityAug 01 2014In this article we show that the Baumslag-Solitar group $BS(1,2)$ is minimally almost convex, or $MAC$. We also show that $BS(1,2)$ does not satisfy Po\'enaru's almost convexity condition $P(2)$, and hence the condition $P(2)$ is strictly stronger than ... More

A counterexample to the Bernhard-Jablan unknotting conjectureMay 17 2017Dec 31 2017We show that there is a knot satisfying the property that for each minimal crossing number diagram of the knot and each single crossing of the diagram, changing the crossing results in a diagram for a knot whose unknotting number is at least that of the ... More