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A Planetary lensing feature in caustic-crossing high-magnification microlensing eventsMar 19 2012Current microlensing follow-up observations focus on high-magnification events because of the high efficiency of planet detection. However, central perturbations of high-magnification events caused by a planet can also be produced by a very close or a ... More

Microlensing Detections of Planets in Binary Stellar SystemsSep 13 2007We demonstrate that microlensing can be used for detecting planets in binary stellar systems. This is possible because in the geometry of planetary binary systems where the planet orbits one of the binary component and the other binary star is located ... More

A New Application of the Astrometric Method to Break Severe Degeneracies in Binary Microlensing EventsJan 28 2009Jan 29 2009When a source star is microlensed by one stellar component of a widely separated binary stellar components, after finishing the lensing event, the event induced by the other binary star can be additionally detected. In this paper, we investigate whether ... More

Gravitational Microlensing: A Tool for Detecting and Characterizing Free-Floating PlanetsNov 18 2003Various methods have been proposed to search for extrasolar planets. Compared to the other methods, microlensing has unique applicabilities to the detections of Earth-mass and free-floating planets. However, the microlensing method is seriously flawed ... More

Subgradient Descent Learns Orthogonal DictionariesOct 25 2018Jul 01 2019This paper concerns dictionary learning, i.e., sparse coding, a fundamental representation learning problem. We show that a subgradient descent algorithm, with random initialization, can provably recover orthogonal dictionaries on a natural nonsmooth, ... More

Closed-Form Solutions to A Category of Nuclear Norm Minimization ProblemsNov 22 2010Nov 23 2010It is an efficient and effective strategy to utilize the nuclear norm approximation to learn low-rank matrices, which arise frequently in machine learning and computer vision. So the exploration of nuclear norm minimization problems is gaining much attention ... More

Finding a sparse vector in a subspace: Linear sparsity using alternating directionsDec 15 2014Jul 20 2016Is it possible to find the sparsest vector (direction) in a generic subspace $\mathcal{S} \subseteq \mathbb{R}^p$ with $\mathrm{dim}(\mathcal{S})= n < p$? This problem can be considered a homogeneous variant of the sparse recovery problem, and finds connections ... More

Simultaneously continuous retraction and Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás type theoremAug 07 2013Apr 12 2014We study the existence of a retraction from the dual space $X^*$ of a (real or complex) Banach space $X$ onto its unit ball $B_{X^*}$ which is uniformly continuous in norm topology and continuous in weak-$*$ topology. Such a retraction is called a uniformly ... More

A Geometric Analysis of Phase RetrievalFeb 22 2016Mar 01 2016Can we recover a complex signal from its Fourier magnitudes? More generally, given a set of $m$ measurements, $y_k = |\mathbf a_k^* \mathbf x|$ for $k = 1, \dots, m$, is it possible to recover $\mathbf x \in \mathbb{C}^n$ (i.e., length-$n$ complex vector)? ... More

A Geometric Analysis of Phase RetrievalFeb 22 2016Jan 01 2017Can we recover a complex signal from its Fourier magnitudes? More generally, given a set of $m$ measurements, $y_k = |\mathbf a_k^* \mathbf x|$ for $k = 1, \dots, m$, is it possible to recover $\mathbf x \in \mathbb{C}^n$ (i.e., length-$n$ complex vector)? ... More

Complete Dictionary Recovery over the Sphere II: Recovery by Riemannian Trust-region MethodNov 15 2015Sep 01 2016We consider the problem of recovering a complete (i.e., square and invertible) matrix $\mathbf A_0$, from $\mathbf Y \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times p}$ with $\mathbf Y = \mathbf A_0 \mathbf X_0$, provided $\mathbf X_0$ is sufficiently sparse. This recovery ... More

Complete Dictionary Recovery over the SphereApr 26 2015Nov 17 2015We consider the problem of recovering a complete (i.e., square and invertible) matrix $\mathbf A_0$, from $\mathbf Y \in \mathbb R^{n \times p}$ with $\mathbf Y = \mathbf A_0 \mathbf X_0$, provided $\mathbf X_0$ is sufficiently sparse. This recovery problem ... More

Properties of Central Caustics in Planetary MicrolensingMay 18 2005May 20 2005To maximize the number of planet detections, current microlensing follow-up observations are focusing on high-magnification events which have a higher chance of being perturbed by central caustics. In this paper, we investigate the properties of central ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-1820 and KMT-2016-BLG-2142: Two Microlensing Binaries Composed of Planetary-mass Companions and Very-Low-Mass PrimariesMay 25 2018Sep 18 2018We present the analyses of two short-timescale $(t_{\rm E} \sim 5~{\rm days})$ microlensing events, KMT-2016-BLG-1820 and KMT-2016-BLG-2142. In both light curves, the brief anomalies were clearly captured and densely covered by the Korea Microlensing ... More

KMT-2018-BLG-1990Lb: A Nearby Jovian Planet From A Low-Cadence Microlensing FieldMay 14 2019We report the discovery and characterization of KMT-2018-BLG-1990Lb, a Jovian planet $(m_p=0.57_{-0.25}^{+0.79}\,M_J)$ orbiting a late M dwarf $(M=0.14_{-0.06}^{+0.20}\,M_\odot)$, at a distance $(D_L=1.23_{-0.43}^{+1.06}\,\kpc)$, and projected at $2.6\pm ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-1107: A New Hollywood-Planet Close/Wide DegeneracyMay 22 2018Nov 13 2018We show that microlensing event KMT-2016-BLG-1107 displays a new type of degeneracy between wide-binary and close-binary Hollywood events in which a giant-star source envelops the planetary caustic. The planetary anomaly takes the form of a smooth, two-day ... More

Kmt-2016-blg-1397b: Kmtnet-only discovery of a microlens giant planetOct 25 2018We report the discovery of a giant planet in the KMT-2016-BLG-1397 microlensing event, which was found by The Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) alone. The time scale of this event is t_E = 40.0 +- 0.5 days and the mass ratio between the lens ... More

The Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) Alert Algorithm and Alert SystemJun 20 2018We describe a new microlensing-event alert algorithm that is tailored to the Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) multi-observatory system. The algorithm focuses on detecting "rising" events, i.e., events whose brightness is increasing as a function ... More

Selective Image Super-ResolutionOct 27 2010In this paper we propose a vision system that performs image Super Resolution (SR) with selectivity. Conventional SR techniques, either by multi-image fusion or example-based construction, have failed to capitalize on the intrinsic structural and semantic ... More

The Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás point propertyMay 01 2016In this article, we study a version of the Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as property. We investigate a pair of Banach spaces $(X, Y)$ such that every operator from $X$ into $Y$ is approximated by operators which attains its norm at the same point where the original ... More

Weighted AdaGrad with Unified MomentumAug 10 2018May 31 2019Integrating adaptive learning rate and momentum techniques into SGD leads to a large class of efficiently accelerated adaptive stochastic algorithms, such as Nadam, AccAdaGrad, \textit{etc}. In spite of their effectiveness in practice, there is still ... More

Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás property for bilinear forms on spaces of continuous functionsOct 02 2014It is shown that the Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as theorem holds for bilinear forms on the complex $C_0(L_1)\times C_0(L_2)$ for arbitrary locally compact topological Hausdorff spaces $L_1$ and $L_2$.

On the Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás property for numerical radiusDec 30 2013Apr 01 2014We study the Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as property for numerical radius (in short, BPBp-nu) and find sufficient conditions for Banach spaces ensuring the BPBp-nu. Among other results, we show that $L_1(\mu)$-spaces have this property for every measure $\mu$. ... More

Controlling single-photon scattering in a rectangular waveguide by a V-type three-level emitterAug 16 2019The single-photon scattering in a rectangular waveguide by a V-type three-level emitter is studied for large range of input-photon energy beyond the single-mode region. By using Lippmann-Schwinger formalism, the necessary and sufficient conditions of ... More

On some local Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás propertiesMay 31 2019We continue a line of study about some local versions of Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as type properties for bounded linear operators. We introduce and focus our attention on two of these local properties, which we call L$_{p, o}$ and L$_{o, p}$, and we explore ... More

Multiple Watermarking Algorithm Based on Spread Transform Dither ModulationJan 18 2016Multiple watermarking technique, embedding several watermarks in one carrier, has enabled many interesting applications. In this study, a novel multiple watermarking algorithm is proposed based on the spirit of spread transform dither modulation (STDM). ... More

Mixture of Bilateral-Projection Two-dimensional Probabilistic Principal Component AnalysisJan 07 2016The probabilistic principal component analysis (PPCA) is built upon a global linear mapping, with which it is insufficient to model complex data variation. This paper proposes a mixture of bilateral-projection probabilistic principal component analysis ... More

Vectorial Dimension Reduction for Tensors Based on Bayesian InferenceJul 03 2017Dimensionality reduction for high-order tensors is a challenging problem. In conventional approaches, higher order tensors are `vectorized` via Tucker decomposition to obtain lower order tensors. This will destroy the inherent high-order structures or ... More

Deep Mixed Effect Models using Gaussian Process: A Personalized and Reliable Prediction Model for HealthcareJun 05 2018Jul 13 2019We present a personalized and reliable prediction model for healthcare, which can provide individually tailored medical services such as diagnosis, disease treatment, and prevention. Our proposed framework targets at making personalized and reliable predictions ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-2052L: Microlensing Binary Composed of M Dwarfs Revealed from a Very Long Time-scale EventJul 30 2018We present the analysis of a binary microlensing event KMT-2016-BLG-2052, for which the lensing-induced brightening of the source star lasted for 2 seasons. We determine the lens mass from the combined measurements of the microlens parallax $\pie$ and ... More

Properties of microlensing events by wide separation planets with a moonJun 02 2016We investigate the properties of microlensing events caused by planetary systems where planets with a moon are widely separated from their host stars. From this investigation, we find that the moon feature generally appears as an very short-duration perturbation ... More

Scalable Steiner Tree for Multicast Communications in Software-Defined NetworkingApr 14 2014May 08 2014Software-Defined Networking (SDN) enables flexible network resource allocations for traffic engineering, but at the same time the scalability problem becomes more serious since traffic is more difficult to be aggregated. Those crucial issues in SDN have ... More

Properties of Microlensing Central Perturbations by Planets in Binary Stellar Systems under the Strong Finite-Source EffectMar 05 2010Mar 25 2010We investigate high-magnification events caused by planets in wide binary stellar systems under the strong finite-source effect, where the planet orbits one of the companions. From this, we find that the pattern of central perturbations in triple lens ... More

KMT-2018-BLG-0029Lb: A Very Low Mass-Ratio Spitzer Microlens PlanetJun 26 2019At $q=1.81\pm 0.20 \times 10^{-5}$, KMT-2018-BLG-0029Lb has the lowest planet-host mass ratio $q$ of any microlensing planet to date by more than a factor of two. Hence, it is the first planet that probes below the apparent "pile-up" at $q=5$--10 $\times ... More

KMT-2017-BLG-0165Lb: A Super-Neptune mass planet Orbiting a Sun-like Host StarSep 05 2018Dec 27 2018We report the discovery of a low mass-ratio planet $(q = 1.3\times10^{-4})$, i.e., 2.5 times higher than the Neptune/Sun ratio. The planetary system was discovered from the analysis of the KMT-2017-BLG-0165 microlensing event, which has an obvious short-term ... More

KMT-2018-BLG-1292: A Super-Jovian Microlens Planet in the Galactic PlaneMay 13 2019We report the discovery of KMT-2018-BLG-1292Lb, a super-Jovian $M_{\rm planet} = 4.5\pm 1.3\,M_J$ planet orbiting an F or G dwarf $M_{\rm host} = 1.5\pm 0.4\,M_\odot$, which lies physically within ${\cal O}(10\,\pc)$ of the Galactic plane. The source ... More

A note on the impact of management fees on the pricing of variable annuity guaranteesMay 10 2017May 11 2017Variable annuities, as a class of retirement income products, allow equity market exposure for a policyholder's retirement fund with electable additional guarantees to limit the downside risk of the market. Management fees and guarantee insurance fees ... More

Detection of planets in extremely weak central perturbation microlensing events via next-generation ground-based surveysMar 06 2014Even though the recently discovered high-magnification event MOA-2010-BLG-311 had complete coverage over the peak, confident planet detection did not happen due to extremely weak central perturbations (fractional deviations of $\lesssim 2\%$). For confident ... More

Systematic study of Ga$_{1-x}$In$_x$As self-assembled quantum wires with different interfacial strain relaxationMay 23 2000A systematic theoretical study of the electronic and optical properties of Ga$_{1-x}$In$_x$As self-assembled quantum-wires (QWR's) made of short-period superlattices (SPS) with strain-induced lateral ordering is presented. The theory is based on the effective ... More

Feasibility Study of Neutron Dose for Real Time Image Guided Proton Therapy: A Monte Carlo StudyMar 11 2015Two full rotating gantry with different nozzles (Multipurpose nozzle with MLC, Scanning Dedicated nozzle) with conventional cyclotron system is installed and under commissioning for various proton treatment options at Samsung Medical Center in Korea. ... More

A Multi-Epoch, Simultaneous Water and Methanol Maser Survey toward Intermediate-Mass Young Stellar ObjectsAug 19 2011Sep 26 2011We report a multi-epoch, simultaneous 22 GHz H2O and 44 GHz class I CH3OH maser line survey towards 180 intermediate-mass young stellar objects, including 14 Class 0, 19 Class I objects, and 147 Herbig Ae/Be stars. We detected H2O and CH3OH maser emission ... More

On Banach spaces whose group of isometries acts micro-transitively on the unit sphereJun 21 2019We study Banach spaces whose group of isometries acts micro-transitively on the unit sphere. We introduce a weaker property, which one-complemented subspaces inherit, that we call uniform micro-semitransitivity. We prove a number of results about both ... More

Mechanical cooling in the single-photon quadratical optomechanicsApr 25 2015In the paper we study the nonlinear mechanical cooling processes in the intrinsic quadratically optomechanical coupling system without linearizing the optomechanical interaction. We apply the scattering theory to calculate the transition rates between ... More

Seq-SetNet: Exploring Sequence Sets for Inferring StructuresJun 06 2019Sequence set is a widely-used type of data source in a large variety of fields. A typical example is protein structure prediction, which takes an multiple sequence alignment (MSA) as input and aims to infer structural information from it. Almost all of ... More

Interfacial dead layer effects on current-voltage characteristics in asymmetric ferroelectric tunnel junctionsSep 28 2014Current-voltage characteristics and $P-E$ loops are simulated in SrRuO$_{3}$/BaTiO$_{3}$/Pt tunneling junctions with interfacial dead layer. The unswitchable interfacial polarization is coupled with the screen charge and the barrier polarization self-consistently ... More

The Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás version of Lindenstrauss properties A and BMay 28 2013Oct 01 2014We study a Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as version of Lindenstrauss properties A and B. For domain spaces, we study Banach spaces $X$ such that $(X,Y)$ has the Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as property (BPBp) for every Banach space $Y$. We show that in this case, there ... More

The Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás theorem for operators on $L_1(μ)$Mar 25 2013In this paper we show that the Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as theorem holds for $\mathcal{L}(L_1(\mu), L_1(\nu))$ for all measures $\mu$ and $\nu$ and also holds for $\mathcal{L}(L_1(\mu),L_\infty(\nu))$ for every arbitrary measure $\mu$ and every localizable ... More

Gravitational Waves of Jet Precession in Gamma-ray BurstsApr 10 2012The physical nature of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are believed to involve an ultra-relativistic jet. The observed complex structure of light curves motivate the idea of jet precession. In this work, we study the gravitational waves of jet precession based ... More

Dual-Reference Design for Holographic Coherent Diffraction ImagingFeb 07 2019Jun 26 2019A new reference design is introduced for holographic coherent diffraction imaging. This consists in two references - "block" and "pinhole" shaped regions - placed adjacent to the imaging specimen. An efficient recovery algorithm is provided for the resulting ... More

On the pointwise Bishop--Phelps--Bollobás property for operatorsAug 31 2017Sep 26 2018We study approximation of operators between Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$ that nearly attain their norms in a given point by operators that attain their norms at the same point. When such approximations exist, we say that the pair $(X, Y)$ has the pointwise ... More

On Banach spaces with the approximate hyperplane series propertyJul 29 2014We present a sufficient condition for a Banach space to have the approximate hyperplane series property (AHSP) which actually covers all known examples. We use this property to get a stability result to vector-valued spaces of integrable functions. On ... More

Dislocation-induced thermal transport anisotropy in single-crystal group-III nitride filmsApr 09 2018Dislocations, one-dimensional lattice imperfections, are common to technologically important materials such as III-V semiconductors, and adversely affect heat dissipation in e.g., nitride-based high-power electronic devices. For decades, conventional ... More

Understanding Simulations of Thin Accretion Disks by Energy EquationOct 23 2012We study the fluctuations of standard thin accretion disks by linear analysis of the time-dependent energy equation together with the vertical hydrostatic equilibrium and the equation of state. We show that some of the simulation results in Hirose et ... More

There is no operatorwise version of the Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás propertyOct 01 2018Given two real Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$ with dimensions greater than one, it is shown that there is a sequence $\{T_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ of norm attaining norm-one operators from $X$ to $Y$ and a point $x_0\in X$ with $\|x_0\|=1$, such that $\|T_n(x_0)\|\longrightarrow ... More

OGLE-2018-BLG-0532Lb: Cold Neptune With Possible Jovian SiblingMay 15 2019We report the discovery of the planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0532Lb, with very obvious signatures in the light curve that lead to an estimate of the planet-host mass ratio $q=M_{\rm planet}/M_{\rm host}\simeq 1\times10^{-4}$. Although there are no obvious systematic ... More

MOA-2016-BLG-319Lb: Microlensing Planet Subject to Rare Minor-Image Perturbation Degeneracy in Determining Planet ParameterSep 21 2018We present the analysis of the planetary microlensing event MOA-2016-BLG-319. The event light curve is characterized by a brief ($\sim 3$ days) anomaly near the peak produced by minor-image perturbations. From modeling, we find two distinct solutions ... More

Statistical properties of an experimental political futures marketMar 23 2005Mar 24 2005A 24-hour exchange market was created on the Web to trade political futures contracts using fictitious money. In this online market, a political futures contract is a futures contract which matures on the election day with a liquidation price determined ... More

Perceptual Studies for Foveated Light Field DisplaysAug 20 2017The human visual system can resolve higher spatial frequencies in the fovea than in the periphery. This property has been harnessed by recent 2D foveated rendering methods to reduce computation cost while maintaining perceptual quality. Inspired by this, ... More

Enhancing power of rare variant association test by Zoom-Focus Algorithm (ZFA) to locate optimal testing regionJun 29 2016Motivation: Exome or targeted sequencing data exerts analytical challenge to test single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with extremely small minor allele frequency (MAF). Various rare variant tests were proposed to increase power by aggregating SNPs ... More

A Multi-layered Acoustic Tokenizing Deep Neural Network (MAT-DNN) for Unsupervised Discovery of Linguistic Units and Generation of High Quality FeaturesJun 07 2015This paper summarizes the work done by the authors for the Zero Resource Speech Challenge organized in the technical program of Interspeech 2015. The goal of the challenge is to discover linguistic units directly from unlabeled speech data. The Multi-layered ... More

Impacts of a Supersonic Shock Front on Star Formation in the Bullet ClusterOct 07 2008We use the Bullet Cluster (1E0657-56) to investigate the extent to which star formation in cluster galaxies is influenced by ram pressure from supersonic gas (Mach 3) during a cluster merger. While the effects of ram pressure have been studied for individual ... More

Neural Entropic Estimation: A faster path to mutual information estimationMay 30 2019May 31 2019We point out a limitation of the mutual information neural estimation (MINE) where the network fails to learn at the initial training phase, leading to slow convergence in the number of training iterations. To solve this problem, we propose a faster method ... More

wtest: an R Package for Testing Main and Interaction Effect in Genotype Data with Binary TraitsOct 11 2016This R package evaluates main and pair-wise interaction effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) via the W-test, scalable to whole genome-wide data sets. The package provides fast and accurate p-value estimation of genetic markers, as well as ... More

Deep 360 Pilot: Learning a Deep Agent for Piloting through 360° Sports VideoMay 04 2017Watching a 360{\deg} sports video requires a viewer to continuously select a viewing angle, either through a sequence of mouse clicks or head movements. To relieve the viewer from this "360 piloting" task, we propose "deep 360 pilot" -- a deep learning-based ... More

On Dark Peaks and Missing Mass: A Weak Lensing Mass Reconstruction of the Merging Cluster System Abell 520Sep 10 2012Merging clusters of galaxies are unique in their power to directly probe and place limits on the self-interaction cross-section of dark matter. Detailed observations of several merging clusters have shown the intracluster gas to be displaced from the ... More

Slow Molecules Produced by PhotodissociationMay 06 2009A simple method to control molecular translation with a chemical reaction is demonstrated. Slow NO molecules have been produced by partially canceling the molecular beam velocity of NO$_2$ with the recoil velocity of the NO photofragment. The NO$_2$ molecules ... More

Revisiting the Light Curves of Gamma-ray Bursts in the Relativistic Turbulence ModelAug 13 2013Rapid temporal variability has been widely observed in the light curves of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). One possible mechanism for such variability is related to the relativistic eddies in the jet. In this paper, we include the contribution of the inter-eddy ... More

Do Intermediate-Mass Black Holes Exist in Globular Clusters?Aug 13 2013The existence of intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) in globular clusters (GCs) remains a crucial problem. Searching IMBHs in GCs reveals a discrepancy between radio observations and dynamical modelings: the upper mass limits constrained by radio observations ... More

The Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás property for operators between spaces of continuous functionsJun 28 2013Jul 22 2013We show that the space of bounded and linear operators between spaces of continuous functions on compact Hausdorff topological spaces has the Bishop-Phelps-Bollob\'as property. A similar result is also proved for the class of compact operators from the ... More

OGLE-2015-BLG-1670Lb: A Cold Neptune beyond the Snow Line in the Provisional WFIRST Microlensing Survey FieldSep 28 2018Jun 24 2019We present the analysis of the microlensing event OGLE-2015-BLG-1670, detected in a high-extinction field, very close to the Galactic plane. Due to the dust extinction along the line of sight, this event was too faint to be detected before it reached ... More

OGLE-2018-BLG-0022: First Prediction of an Astrometric Microlensing Signal from a Photometric Microlensing EventMar 30 2019Apr 04 2019In this work, we present the analysis of the binary microlensing event OGLE-2018-BLG-0022 that is detected toward the Galactic bulge field. The dense and continuous coverage with the high-quality photometry data from ground-based observations combined ... More

OGLE-2016-BLG-0156: Microlensing Event With Pronounced Microlens-Parallax Effects Yielding Precise Lens Mass MeasurementJan 19 2019We analyze the gravitational binary-lensing event OGLE-2016-BLG-0156, for which the lensing light curve displays pronounced deviations induced by microlens-parallax effects. The light curve exhibits 3 distinctive widely-separated peaks and we find that ... More

Spitzer Microlensing of MOA-2016-BLG-231L : A Counter-Rotating Brown Dwarf Binary in the Galactic DiskFeb 08 2019Feb 12 2019We analyze the binary microlensing event MOA-2016-BLG-231, which was observed from the ground and from Spitzer. The lens is composed of very low-mass brown dwarfs (BDs) with $M_1 = 21^{+12}_{-5} \ M_J$ and $M_2 = 9^{+5}_{-2}\ M_J$, and it is located in ... More

Spectroscopic Mass and Host-star Metallicity Measurements for Newly Discovered Microlensing Planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0740LbMay 01 2019We report the discovery of the microlensing planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0740Lb. The planet is detected with a very strong signal of $\Delta\chi^2\sim 4630$, but the interpretation of the signal suffers from two types of degeneracies. One type is caused by the ... More

Spectroscopic Mass and Host-star Metallicity Measurements for Newly Discovered Microlensing Planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0740LbMay 01 2019Jul 03 2019We report the discovery of the microlensing planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0740Lb. The planet is detected with a very strong signal of $\Delta\chi^2\sim 4630$, but the interpretation of the signal suffers from two types of degeneracies. One type is caused by the ... More

$Spitzer$ Microlensing Parallax for OGLE-2017-BLG-0896 Reveals a Counter-Rotating Low-Mass Brown DwarfMay 22 2018Jan 18 2019The kinematics of isolated brown dwarfs in the Galaxy, beyond the solar neighborhood, is virtually unknown. Microlensing has the potential to probe this hidden population, as it can measure both the mass and five of the six phase-space coordinates (all ... More

$Spitzer$ Parallax of OGLE-2018-BLG-0596: A Low-mass-ratio Planet around an M-dwarfMay 14 2019We report the discovery of a $Spitzer$ microlensing planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0596Lb, with preferred planet-host mass ratio $q \sim 2\times10^{-4}$. The planetary signal, which is characterized by a short $(\sim 1~{\rm day})$ "bump" on the rising side of the ... More

Global Uniform Boundedness of Solutions to viscous 3D Primitive Equations with Physical Boundary ConditionsOct 12 2017Oct 13 2017Global uniform boundedness of solutions to 3D viscous Primitive equations in a bounded cylindrical domain with physical boundary condition is proved in space $H^m$ for any $m\geqslant2$. A bounded absorbing set for the solutions in $H^m$ is obtained. ... More

Universal sums of generalized pentagonal numbersMay 09 2018For an integer $x$, an integer of the form $P_5(x)=\frac{3x^2-x}2$ is called a generalized pentagonal number. For positive integers $\alpha_1,\dots,\alpha_k$, a sum $\Phi_{\alpha_1,\dots,\alpha_k}(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_k)=\alpha_1P_5(x_1)+\alpha_2P_5(x_2)+\cdots+\alpha_kP_5(x_k)$ ... More

A W-test collapsing method for rare variant testing with applications to exome sequencing data of hypertensive disorderJul 26 2016Advancement in sequencing technology enables the study of association between complex disorders and rare variants with low minor allele frequencies. One of the major challenges in rare variant testing is lack of statistical power of traditional testing ... More

Experimental determination of the elastic cotunneling rate in a hybrid single-electron boxJul 07 2014We report measurements of charge configurations and charge transfer dynamics in a hybrid single-electron box composed of aluminum and copper. We used two single-electron transistors (SETs) to simultaneously read out different parts of the box, enabling ... More

Predicting protein inter-residue contacts using composite likelihood maximization and deep learningAug 31 2018Accurate prediction of inter-residue contacts of a protein is important to calcu- lating its tertiary structure. Analysis of co-evolutionary events among residues has been proved effective to inferring inter-residue contacts. The Markov ran- dom field ... More

Monoclinic and Correlated Metal Phase in VO_2 as Evidence of the Mott Transition: Coherent Phonon AnalysisAug 03 2006In femtosecond pump-probe measurements, the appearance of coherent phonon oscillations at 4.5 THz and 6.0 THz indicating the rutile metal phase of VO_2 does not occur simultaneously with the first-order metal-insulator transition (MIT) near 68^oC. The ... More

Direct observation of laser guided corona dischargesAug 17 2015Laser based lightning control holds a promising way to solve the problem of the long standing disaster of lightning strikes. But it is a challenging project due to insufficient understanding of the interaction between laser plasma channel and high voltage ... More

Evolution of band structure from optimally doped to heavily overdoped Co-substituted NaFeAsJun 20 2012Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we studied the electronic structure of NaFe$_{1-x}$Co$_x$As from an optimally doped superconducting compound ($x=0.028$) to a heavily overdoped non-superconducting one ($x=0.109$). Similar to the case of ... More

Magnetic skyrmion artificial synapse for neuromorphic computingJul 01 2019Since the discovery of magnetic skyrmions achieved one decade ago, there have been significant efforts to bring the virtual particles into fully functional devices, inspired by their fascinating physical and topological properties suitable for future ... More

Electronic structure in one-Fe Brillouin zone of iron-pnictide superconductor CsFe$_2$As$_2$Sep 08 2014Sep 09 2014The multiband nature of iron-pnictide superconductors is one of the keys to the understanding of their intriguing behavior. The electronic and magnetic properties heavily rely on the multiband interactions between different electron and hole pockets near ... More

Electric field control of nonvolatile four-state magnetization at room temperatureNov 19 2011Mar 10 2012We find the realization of large converse magnetoelectric (ME) effects at room temperature in a multiferroic hexaferrite Ba$_{0.52}$Sr$_{2.48}$Co$_{2}$Fe$_{24}$O$_{41}$ single crystal, in which rapid change of electric polarization in low magnetic fields ... More

The Design of the NetBSD I/O SubsystemsMay 19 2016This book describes the source code of the NetBSD Operating System Release 1.6 in SUN UltraSPARC 64-bit platform by annotating related excerpts from references and user manuals on the NetBSD Operating System. The goal of this book is to provide necessary ... More

Weighted inequalities for multivariable dyadic paraproducsJan 09 2010Nov 22 2010Using Wilson's Haar basis in $\R^n$, which is different than the usual tensor product Haar functions, we define its associated dyadic paraproduct in $\R^n$. We can then extend "trivially" Beznosova's Bellman function proof of the linear bound in $L^2(w)$ ... More

A Local Analysis of Block Coordinate Descent for Gaussian Phase RetrievalDec 06 2017While convergence of the Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) on convex problems is well studied, convergence on nonconvex problems is only partially understood. In this paper, we consider the Gaussian phase retrieval problem, formulated ... More

Multilevel Monte Carlo Finite Element Method for A Stochastic Optimal Control ProblemDec 28 2015Jan 18 2016In this paper, we consider the implementation of multi-level Monte Carlo method to a stochastic optimal control problem with log-normal coefficients and its surrogate model problem. From the perspective of two optimization problems, i.e., minimizing the ... More

Limits of Binaries That Can Be Characterized by Gravitational MicrolensingAug 15 2008Due to the high efficiency of planet detections, current microlensing planet searches focus on high-magnification events. High-magnification events are sensitive to remote binary companions as well and thus a sample of wide-separation binaries are expected ... More

Spitzer Microlensing parallax reveals two isolated stars in the Galactic bulgeApr 25 2019We report the mass and distance measurements of two single-lens events from the 2017 Spitzer microlensing campaign. The ground-based observations yield the detection of finite-source effects, and the microlens parallaxes are derived from the joint analysis ... More

OGLE-2017-BLG-1186: first application of asteroseismology and Gaussian processes to microlensingApr 16 2019Jul 25 2019We present the analysis of the event OGLE-2017-BLG-1186 from the 2017 Spitzer microlensing campaign. This is a remarkable microlensing event because its source is photometrically bright and variable, which makes it possible to perform an asteroseismic ... More

Asymptotic Symmetries of Rindler Space at the Horizon and Null InfinityMay 05 2010Jun 21 2010We investigate the asymptotic symmetries of Rindler space at null infinity and at the event horizon using both systematic and ad hoc methods. We find that the approaches that yield infinite-dimensional asymptotic symmetry algebras in the case of anti-de ... More

Instability of Near-Extremal Black Holes in N=2, d=4 SupergravityDec 20 2011Oct 25 2012As a precursor to studying the bound states of multiple non-extremal black holes in $\mathcal{N}=2$, $d=4$ supergravity, we investigate the stability of a near-extremal D0-D4 black hole in the probe limit, when the parameters of the black hole solution ... More

The Effective Fluid Approach to Cosmological Nonlinearities: Applications to PreheatingSep 07 2010In [arXiv:1004.2488], Baumann et al. present a new formalism for studying cosmological systems where the characteristic scale of non-linearities is much smaller than the Hubble scale. By integrating out the short-wavelength modes, it is possible to obtain ... More

Convergence and Divergence of Approximations in terms of the Derivatives of Heat KernelSep 08 2014We consider an approximate solution to the heat equation which consists of the derivatives of heat kernel. Some conditions in the initial value, under which the approximation converges to the solution of the heat equation or diverges when the number of ... More

From Quasirandom graphs to Graph Limits and GraphletsMar 10 2012Nov 05 2013We generalize the notion of quasirandom which concerns a class of equivalent properties that random graphs satisfy. We show that the convergence of a graph sequence under the spectral distance is equivalent to the convergence using the (normalized) cut ... More