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Magnetic stability of massive star forming clumps in RCW 106Apr 12 2019The RCW~106 molecular cloud complex is an active massive star-forming region where a ministarburst is taking place. We examined its magnetic structure by near-IR polarimetric observations with the imaging polarimeter SIRPOL on the IRSF 1.4 m telescope. ... More

Recursive Markov ProcessSep 02 2015A Markov process, which is constructed recursively, arises in stochastic games with Markov strategies. In this study, we defined a special class of random processes called the recursive Markov process, which has infinitely many states but can be expressed ... More

A note on the relation between two properties of random graphsJan 30 2019The t-existentially closed (t-e.c.) property and pseudo-random property are properties which random graphs asymptotically almost surely satisfy. In this note, by constructing explicit infinite families of graphs without probabilistic arguments, we show ... More

On expander Cayley graphs from Galois ringsFeb 09 2019Feb 15 2019In this paper, we study new Cayley graphs over the additive group of Galois rings. First we prove that they are expander graphs by using a Weil-Carlitz-Uchiyama type estimation of character sums for Galois rings. We also show that Cayley graphs from Galois ... More

A note on the relation between two properties of random graphsJan 30 2019Feb 15 2019The t-existentially closed (t-e.c.) property and pseudo-random property are properties which random graphs asymptotically almost surely satisfy. In this note, by constructing explicit infinite families of graphs without probabilistic arguments, we show ... More

General Type Token DistributionMay 02 2013Jun 26 2014We consider the problem of estimating the number of types in a corpus using the number of types observed in a sample of tokens from that corpus. We derive exact and asymptotic distributions for the number of observed types, conditioned upon the number ... More

Learning LiNGAM based on data with more variables than observationsAug 21 2012A very important topic in systems biology is developing statistical methods that automatically find causal relations in gene regulatory networks with no prior knowledge of causal connectivity. Many methods have been developed for time series data. However, ... More

Joint estimation of linear non-Gaussian acyclic modelsApr 28 2011Nov 30 2011A linear non-Gaussian structural equation model called LiNGAM is an identifiable model for exploratory causal analysis. Previous methods estimate a causal ordering of variables and their connection strengths based on a single dataset. However, in many ... More

Polynomial algorithm for k-partition minimization of submodular system with strong symmetryFeb 06 2018For a fixed $k$, this study considers $k$-partition minimization of submodular system $(V, f)$ with a finite set $V$ and symmetric submodular function $f: 2^{V} \mapsto \mathbb{R}$ with {\it strong symmetry}, which holds $f(U_{0}) = f( U_{1} \setminus ... More

Polynomial algorithm for $k$-partition minimization of monotone submodular functionFeb 06 2018Mar 22 2018For a fixed $k$, this study considers $k$-partition minimization of submodular system $(V, f)$ with a finite set $V$ and symmetric submodular function $f: 2^{V} \mapsto \mathbb{R}$. Our algorithm uses the Queyranne's (1998) algorithm for 2-partition minimization ... More

Magnetic stability of massive star forming clumps in RCW 106Apr 12 2019Apr 16 2019The RCW 106 molecular cloud complex is an active massive star-forming region where a ministarburst is taking place. We examined its magnetic structure by near-IR polarimetric observations with the imaging polarimeter SIRPOL on the IRSF 1.4 m telescope. ... More

On explicit random-like tournamentsJan 30 2019We give a new construction of tournaments satisfying the quasi-random property based on digraph spectra and a digraph-version of the expander-mixing lemma. We also discuss an application of our construction to the proof of the NP-hardness of the feedback ... More

A "classification" of congruence primal arithmetical algebrasJun 25 2014We classify essential algebras whose irredundant non-refinable covers consist of primal algebras. The proof is obtained by constructing one to one correspondence between such algebras and partial orders on finite sets. Further, we prove that for a finite ... More

Matrix product is many-sorted algebraNov 05 2013It is known that a category of many-sorted algebras on pure sets of similarity type is "concretely equivalent" to a category of single-sorted algebras. In this paper, we characterize a single-sorted variety that corresponds to a many-sorted variety. Such ... More

Recursive Markov Process for Iterated Games with Markov StrategiesSep 02 2015Apr 27 2018The dynamics in games involving multiple players, who adaptively learn from their past experience, is not yet well understood. We analyzed a class of stochastic games with Markov strategies in which players choose their actions probabilistically. This ... More

On expander Cayley graphs from Galois ringsFeb 09 2019Mar 04 2019In this paper, we study new Cayley graphs over the additive group of Galois rings. First we prove that they are expander graphs by using a Weil-Carlitz-Uchiyama type estimation of character sums for Galois rings. We also show that Cayley graphs from Galois ... More

The orthonormal Strichartz inequality on torusJan 25 2018In this paper, motivated by recent important works due to Frank-Lewin-Lieb-Seiringer \cite{FLLS} and Frank-Sabin \cite{frank-sabin-1}, we study the Strichartz inequality on torus with the orthonormal system input and obtain sharp estimates in certain ... More

A constructive solution to a problem of ranking tournamentsFeb 18 2019A tournament is an oriented complete graph. The problem of ranking tournaments was firstly investigated by P. Erd\H{o}s and J. W. Moon. By probabilistic methods, the existence of "unrankable" tournaments was proved. On the other hand, they also mentioned ... More

Observable cosmological vector mode in the dark agesJul 14 2016Sep 16 2016The second-order vector mode is inevitably induced from the coupling of first-order scalar modes in cosmological perturbation theory and might hinder a possible detection of primordial gravitational waves from inflation through 21cm lensing observations. ... More

On explicit random-like tournamentsJan 30 2019Feb 15 2019We give a new construction of tournaments satisfying the quasi-random property based on digraph spectra and a digraph-version of the expander-mixing lemma. We also discuss an application of our construction to the proof of the NP-hardness of the feedback ... More

Conversion Efficiencies of Heteronuclear Feshbach MoleculesOct 12 2007Feb 10 2008We study the conversion efficiency of heteronuclear Feshbach molecules in population imbalanced atomic gases formed by ramping the magnetic field adiabatically. We extend the recent work [J. E. Williams et al., New J. Phys., 8, 150 (2006)] on the theory ... More

Shil'nikov Chaos control using Homoclinic orbits and the Newhouse regionApr 10 2006A method of controlling Shil'nikov's type chaos using windows that appear in the 1 dimensional bifurcation diagram when perturbations are applied, and using existence of stable homoclinic orbits near the unstable one is presented and applied to the electronic ... More

The behaviour of curvature functions at cusps and inflection pointsFeb 22 2011At a 3/2-cusp of a given plane curve $\gamma(t)$, both of the Euclidean curvature $\kappa_g$ and the affine curvature $\kappa_A$ diverge. In this paper, we show that each of $\sqrt{|s_g|}\kappa_g$ and $(s_A)^2 \kappa_A$ (called the Euclidean and affine ... More

Comparative studies of many-body corrections to an interacting Bose condensateAug 31 2013Nov 18 2013We compare many-body theories describing fluctuation corrections to the mean-field theory in a weakly interacting Bose-condensed gas. Using a generalized random-phase approximation, we include both density fluctuations and fluctuations in the particle-particle ... More

Combining Linear Non-Gaussian Acyclic Model with Logistic Regression Model for Estimating Causal Structure from Mixed Continuous and Discrete DataFeb 16 2018Estimating causal models from observational data is a crucial task in data analysis. For continuous-valued data, Shimizu et al. have proposed a linear acyclic non-Gaussian model to understand the data generating process, and have shown that their model ... More

Stability Criterion for Superfluidity based on the Density Spectral FunctionMay 30 2013Dec 04 2013We study a stability criterion hypothesis for superfluids in terms of the the local density spectral function $I_n (r, \omega)$ applicable both to homogeneous and inhomogeneous systems. We evaluate the local density spectral function in the presence of ... More

Anomalous Scattering of Low-lying Excitations in a Spin-1 Bose-Einstein CondensateDec 27 2010We present the simplest theory of perfect tunneling of an excitation in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) through an impurity potential with an arbitrary shape in the low-momentum limit. That is for the transverse spin wave in the ferromagnetic phase of ... More

Transmission and Reflection of Collective Modes in Spin-1 Bose-Einstein CondensateSep 14 2009We study tunneling properties of collective excitations in spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates. In the absence of magnetic fields, the total transmission in the long wavelength limit occurs in all kinds of excitations but the quadrupolar spin mode in the ... More

A New Method for Calibration of Gain Variation in Detector SystemOct 23 2018Oct 24 2018Transit spectroscopy of habitable planets orbiting late-type stars requires high relative spectro-photometric accuracy between wavelengths during transit/eclipse observation. The spectro-photometric signal is not affected only by image movement and deformation ... More

The singular integral operator and its commutator on weighted Morrey spacesJun 03 2016Oct 17 2016In this paper, we give necessary conditions and sufficient conditions respectively for the boundedness of the singular integral operator on the weighted Morrey spaces. We observe the phenomenon unique to the case of Morrey spaces; the $A_q$-theory by ... More

Effects of the tilted and wavy current sheet on the solar modulation of galactic cosmic raysOct 26 2006Transport equation of the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) is numerically solved for qA>0 and qA<0 based on the stochastic differential equation (SDE) method. We have developed a fully time-dependent and three-dimensional code adapted for the wavy heliospheric ... More

Weighted norm inequalities on Morrey spacesJun 03 2016In this paper, we shall investigate weighted Morrey spaces by employing the sparse family. Particularly, we shall discuss the boundedness of the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator and the singular integral operators on weighted Morrey spaces. In addition, ... More

Green's function formalism for a condensed Bose gas consistent with infrared-divergent longitudinal susceptibility and Nepomnyashchii-Nepomnyashchii identityFeb 28 2014Jun 13 2014We present a Green's function formalism for an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) satisfying the two required conditions: (i) the infrared-divergent longitudinal susceptibility with respect to the BEC order parameter, and (ii) the Nepomnyashchii-Nepomnyashchii ... More

Charge-breaking constraints on left-right mixing of stau'sNov 01 2010Nov 23 2012In the minimal supersymmetric standard model, large left-right mixing of stau's is sometimes intriguing from phenomenological viewpoints. However, too large left-right mixing is not acceptable since the electroweak-breaking vacuum becomes metastable. ... More

Multiple Populations of Extrasolar Gas GiantsMar 13 2019Mar 14 2019There are two planetary formation scenarios: core accretion and gravitational disk instability. Based on the fact that gaseous objects are preferentially observed around metal-rich host stars, most extra-solar gaseous objects discovered to date are thought ... More

Reflection and Refraction of Bose-condensate ExcitationsFeb 26 2008Aug 08 2008We investigate the transmission and reflection of Bose-condensate excitations in the low energy limit across a potential barrier separating two condensates with different densities. The Bogoliubov excitation in the low energy limit has the incident angle ... More

Dynamical Density Fluctuation of Superfluids near Critical VelocitiesJun 15 2010We propose a stability criterion of superfluids in condensed Bose-Einstein systems, which incorporates the spectral function or the autocorrelation function of the local density. Within the Gross-Pitaevskii-Bogoliubov theory, we demonstrate the validity ... More

Radiation feedback in dusty cloudsMay 09 2016Dec 19 2016We have investigated the impact of photoionization and radiation pressure on a dusty star-forming cloud using one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamic simulations, which include absorption and re-emission of photons by dust. We find that, in a cloud of ... More

Dynamic Structure Factor of Normal Fermi Gas from Collisionless to Hydrodynamic RegimeJun 29 2010Oct 02 2010The dynamic structure factor of a normal Fermi gas is investigated by using the moment method for the Boltzmann equation. We determine the spectral function at finite temperatures over the full range of crossover from the collisionless regime to the hydrodynamic ... More

On the Estimation of Pointwise DimensionDec 09 2013Jan 16 2014Our goal in this paper is to develop an effective estimator of fractal dimension. We survey existing ideas in dimension estimation, with a focus on the currently popular method of Grassberger and Procaccia for the estimation of correlation dimension. ... More

Transmission of Excitations in a Spin-1 Bose-Einstein Condensate through a BarrierMar 05 2011May 11 2011We investigate tunneling of excitations across a potential barrier separating two spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates. Using the mean-field theory at the absolute zero temperature, we determine transmission coefficients of excitations in the saturated magnetization ... More

Learning Instrumental Variables with Non-Gaussianity Assumptions: Theoretical Limitations and Practical AlgorithmsNov 09 2015Learning a causal effect from observational data is not straightforward, as this is not possible without further assumptions. If hidden common causes between treatment $X$ and outcome $Y$ cannot be blocked by other measurements, one possibility is to ... More

Bayesian estimation of possible causal direction in the presence of latent confounders using a linear non-Gaussian acyclic structural equation model with individual-specific effectsOct 24 2013May 20 2014We consider learning the possible causal direction of two observed variables in the presence of latent confounding variables. Several existing methods have been shown to consistently estimate causal direction assuming linear or some type of nonlinear ... More

Radiation feedback in dusty cloudsMay 09 2016We have investigated the impact of photoionization and radiation pressure on a dusty star-forming cloud by one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamic simulations, which include absorption and re-emission of photons by dust. We find that even in a moderately ... More

Effects of axions on Nucleosynthesis in massive starsFeb 09 2015We investigate the effect of the axion cooling on the nucleosynthesis in a massive star with $16M_{\odot}$ by standard stellar evolution calculation. We find that the axion cooling suppresses the nuclear reactions in carbon, oxygen and silicon burning ... More

Ideal classes and Cappell-Shaneson homotopy 4-spheresJul 12 2017Apr 13 2018Gompf proposed a conjecture on Cappell-Shaneson matrices whose affirmative answer implies that all Cappell-Shaneson homotopy 4-spheres are diffeomorphic to the standard 4-sphere. We study Gompf conjecture on Cappell-Shaneson matrices using various algebraic ... More

Constraining primordial vector mode from B-mode polarizationMay 19 2014Sep 11 2014The B-mode polarization spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) may be the smoking gun of not only the primordial tensor mode but also of the primordial vector mode. If there exist nonzero vector-mode metric perturbations in the early Universe, ... More

Relaxation to Gaussian Generalized Gibbs Ensembles in Exactly Solvable Bosonic Systems in the Thermodynamic LimitMar 01 2019Integrable quantum many-body systems are considered to equilibrate to generalized Gibbs ensembles (GGEs) characterized by the expectation values of integrals of motion. We study the dynamics of exactly solvable bosonic systems in the thermodynamic limit, ... More

Upper limit on the amplitude of gravitational waves around 0.1Hz from the Global Positioning SystemFeb 18 2014The global positioning system (GPS) is composed of thirty one satellites having atomic clocks with $10^{-15}$ accuracy on board and enables one to calibrate the primary standard for frequency on the ground. Using the fact that oscillators on the ground ... More

Impact of the $b \to s ll$ anomalies on dark matter physicsJun 14 2017Nov 01 2017Recently, the LHCb collaboration has reported the excesses in the $b \to s ll$ processes. One of the promising candidates for new physics to explain the anomalies is the extended Standard Model (SM) with vector-like quarks and leptons. In that model, ... More

Poly-instanton axion inflationMay 11 2017We investigate the axion inflation model derived by poly-instanton effects in type II superstring theories. Poly-instanton effects are instanton effects corrected by another instanton and it can generate the modulus-axion potential with the double exponential ... More

Flavor structure in D-brane models: Majorana neutrino massesFeb 10 2014Jun 11 2014We study the flavor structure in intersecting D-brane models. We study anomalies of the discrete flavor symmetries. We analyze the Majorana neutrino masses, which can be generated by D-brane instanton effects. It is found that a certain pattern of mass ... More

Parity violation in the CMB bispectrum by a rolling pseudoscalarAug 30 2013Nov 21 2013We investigate parity-violating signatures of temperature and polarization bispectra of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) in an inflationary model where a rolling pseudoscalar produces large equilateral tensor non-Gaussianity. By a concrete computation ... More

Enhancing quantum annealing performance by a degenerate two-level systemJun 27 2019We preset the performance of the quantum annealing constructed by a degenerate two-level system, called the quantum Wajnflasz--Pick model. This model provides the higher success probability than the conventional spin-1/2 model in a weak longitudinal magnetic ... More

A direct method for estimating a causal ordering in a linear non-Gaussian acyclic modelAug 09 2014Structural equation models and Bayesian networks have been widely used to analyze causal relations between continuous variables. In such frameworks, linear acyclic models are typically used to model the datagenerating process of variables. Recently, it ... More

Limits on primordial magnetic fields from direct detection experiments of gravitational wave backgroundJul 02 2018Dec 17 2018Primordial magnetic fields (PMFs) can source gravitational wave background (GWB). In this paper, we investigate the possible constraints on small-scale PMF considering the ongoing and forthcoming direct detection observations of GWB. In contrast to the ... More

Dipole mode of trapped Bose--Fermi mixture gasJul 16 2019We investigate collective oscillations in a trapped Bose--Fermi mixture gas in the normal phase, composed of single species bosons and single species fermions. In the extremely low temperature regime, collisions between bosons and fermions are limited ... More

Galactic modulation of extragalactic cosmic rays: Possible origin of the knee in the cosmic ray spectrumFeb 07 2005Feb 09 2005The existence of the spectral break around $\sim 3 \times 10^{15}$ eV in the cosmic ray spectrum (referred to as the `knee') is one of the biggest questions in cosmic ray astrophysics. At the same time, the origin of cosmic rays above the knee energies ... More

Numerical studies on the structure of the cosmic ray electron halo in starburst galaxiesOct 26 2006The structure of the cosmic ray electron halo of a starburst galaxy depends strongly on the nature of galactic wind and the configuration of the magnetic field. We have investigated these dependencies by solving numerically the propagation of electrons ... More

Enhancing quantum annealing performance by a degenerate two-level systemJun 27 2019Jul 10 2019Quantum annealing is an innovative idea and method for avoiding the increase of the calculation cost of the combinatorial optimization problem. Since the combinatorial optimization problems are ubiquitous, quantum annealing machine with high efficiency ... More

A Bayesian estimation approach to analyze non-Gaussian data-generating processes with latent classesAug 02 2014A large amount of observational data has been accumulated in various fields in recent times, and there is a growing need to estimate the generating processes of these data. A linear non-Gaussian acyclic model (LiNGAM) based on the non-Gaussianity of external ... More

Majorana neutrino mass structure induced by rigid instatons on toroidal orbifoldNov 30 2015We study effects of D-brane instantons wrapping rigid cycles on Z2*Z2' toroidal orbifold. We compute Majorana masses induced by rigid D-brane instantons and realize bimaximal mixing matrices in certain models. We can also derive more generic mass matrices ... More

Anomalous tunneling of collective excitations and effects of superflow in the polar phase of a spin-1 spinor Bose-Einstein condensateMay 14 2011We investigate tunneling properties of collective modes in the polar phase of a spin-1 spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. This spinor BEC state has two kinds of gapless modes, i.e., Bogoliubov mode and spin-wave. Within the framework of the mean-field theory ... More

CMB power spectra induced by primordial cross-bispectra between metric perturbations and vector fieldsSep 15 2012Dec 17 2012We study temperature and polarization anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation sourced from primordial cross-bispectra between metric perturbations and vector fields, which are generated from the inflation model where an inflaton ... More

Electric Dipole Moments From Dark SectorsMay 13 2019We examine the sensitivity of electric dipole moments (EDMs) to new $CP$-violating physics in a hidden (or dark) sector, neutral under the Standard Model (SM) gauge groups, and coupled via renormalizable portals. In the absence of weak sector interactions, ... More

Relic Abundance in Secluded Dark Matter Scenario with Massive MediatorJul 28 2016Nov 02 2016The relic abundance of the dark matter (DM) particle $d$ is studied in a secluded DM scenario, in which the $d$ number decreasing process dominantly occurs not through the pair annihilation of $d$ into the standard model particles, but via the $dd \to ... More

Riddled-like Basin in Two-Dimensional Map for Bouncing Motion of an Inelastic Particle on a Vibrating BoardJun 07 2002Motivated by bouncing motion of an inelastic particle on a vibrating board, a simple two-dimensional map is constructed and its behavior is studied numerically. In addition to the typical route to chaos through a periodic doubling bifurcation, we found ... More

Lagrangian cosmological perturbation theory at shell-crossingMay 22 2018Dec 17 2018We consider the growth of primordial dark matter halos seeded by three crossed initial sine waves of various amplitudes. Using a Lagrangian treatment of cosmological gravitational dynamics, we examine the convergence properties of a high-order perturbative ... More

Tunneling properties of Bogoliubov mode and spin wave modes in supercurrent states of a spin-1 ferromagnetic spinor Bose-Einstein condensateFeb 15 2011We investigate tunneling properties of collective excitations in the ferromagnetic phase of a spin-1 spinor Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). In addition to the Bogoliubov mode, this superfluid phase has two spin excitations, namely, the gapless transverse ... More

Shape from Water ReflectionJun 25 2019This paper introduces single-image 3D scene reconstruction from water reflection photography, i.e., images capturing direct and water-reflected real-world scenes. Water reflection offers an additional viewpoint to the direct sight, collectively forming ... More

High-Harmonic Generation in a Correlated Electron SystemJul 12 2019High-harmonic generation (HHG) in crystalline solids have been examined so far on the basis of one-body energy-band structures arising from electron itineracy in a periodic potential. Here, we show emergence of HHG signals which are attributed to dynamics ... More

Magnetic reheatingAug 28 2017Dec 09 2017We provide a new bound on the amplitude of primordial magnetic fields (PMFs) by using a novel mechanism, named {\it magnetic reheating}. Before the epoch of recombination, PMFs induce the fluid motions in a photon-baryon plasma through the Lorentz force. ... More

Efficient algorithm to select tuning parameters in sparse regression modeling with regularizationSep 12 2011Jan 04 2012In sparse regression modeling via regularization such as the lasso, it is important to select appropriate values of tuning parameters including regularization parameters. The choice of tuning parameters can be viewed as a model selection and evaluation ... More

Dust formation and mass loss around intermediate-mass AGB stars wi th initial metallicity $Z_{\rm ini} \leq 10^{-4}$ in the early Universe I: Effect of surface opacity on the stellar evolution and dust-driven windDec 06 2016Dust formation and resulting mass loss around Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars with initial metallicity in the range of $0 \leq Z_{\rm ini} \leq 10^{-4}$ and initial mass $2\leq M_{\rm ini}/M_{\odot} \leq 5$ are explored by the hydrodynamical calculations ... More

Galaxy simulation with the evolution of grain size distributionJun 05 2019We compute the evolution of interstellar dust in a hydrodynamic simulation of an isolated disc galaxy. We newly implement the evolution of full grain size distribution by sampling 32 grid points on the axis of the grain radius. We solve it consistently ... More

Fractional operators on weighted Morrey spacesDec 02 2016A necessary condition and a sufficient condition for one weight norm inequalities on Morrey spaces to hold are given for the fractional maximal operator and the fractional integral operator. We clarify the difference between the behavior of the fractional ... More

Carrier loss mechanisms in textured crystalline Si-based solar cellsJul 21 2017A quite general device analysis method that allows the direct evaluation of optical and recombination losses in crystalline silicon (c-Si)-based solar cells has been developed. By applying this technique, the optical and physical limiting factors of the ... More

Dust formation and mass loss around intermediate-mass AGB stars with initial metallicity $Z_{\rm ini} \leq 10^{-4}$ in the early Universe I: Effect of surface opacity on the stellar evolution and dust-driven windDec 06 2016Dec 08 2016Dust formation and resulting mass loss around Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars with initial metallicity in the range of $0 \leq Z_{\rm ini} \leq 10^{-4}$ and initial mass $2\leq M_{\rm ini}/M_{\odot} \leq 5$ are explored by the hydrodynamical calculations ... More

Zero and First Sound in Normal Fermi SystemsOct 17 2009On the basis of a moment method, general solutions of a linearized Boltzmann equation for a normal Fermi system are investigated. In particular, we study the sound velocities and damping rates as functions of the temperature and the coupling constant. ... More

Impact of anisotropic stress of free-streaming particles on gravitational waves induced by cosmological density perturbationsDec 02 2014Jan 08 2015Gravitational waves (GWs) are inevitably induced at second-order in cosmological perturbations through non-linear couplings with first order scalar perturbations, whose existence is well established by recent cosmological observations. So far, the evolution ... More

Error Asymmetry in Causal and Anticausal RegressionOct 11 2016It is generally difficult to make any statements about the expected prediction error in an univariate setting without further knowledge about how the data were generated. Recent work showed that knowledge about the real underlying causal structure of ... More

Basin structure in the two-dimensional dissipative circle mapSep 03 2003Fractal basin structure in the two-dimensional dissipative circle map is examined in detail. Numerically obtained basin appears to be riddling in the parameter region where two periodic orbits co-exist near a boundary crisis, but it is shown to consist ... More

Weak lensing induced by second-order vector modeMay 11 2015Oct 07 2015The vector mode of cosmological perturbation theory imprints characteristic signals on the weak lensing signals such as curl- and B-modes which are never imprinted by the scalar mode. However, the vector mode is neglected in the standard first-order cosmological ... More

Modular symmetry in magnetized/intersecting D-brane modelsAug 22 2016We study the modular symmetry in four-dimensional low-energy effective field theory, which is derived from type IIB magnetized D-brane models and type IIA intersecting D-brane models. We analyze modular symmetric behaviors of perturbative terms and non-perturbative ... More

Standard Model-like D-brane models and gauge couplingsSep 09 2014Jul 31 2015We systematically search intersecting D-brane models, which just realize the Standard Model chiral matter contents and gauge symmetry. We construct new classes of non-supersymmetric Standard Model-like models. We also study gauge coupling constants of ... More

Excitation Transport through a Domain Wall in a Bose-Einstein CondensateAug 02 2012We investigate the tunneling properties of collective excitations through a domain wall in the ferromagnetic phase of a spin-1 spinor Bose--Einstein condensate. Within the mean-field theory at T=0, we show that the transverse spin wave undergoes perfect ... More

The effect of radiation pressure on spatial distribution of dust inside HII regionsAug 23 2017Nov 20 2017We investigate the impact of radiation pressure on spatial dust distribution inside H$_\mathrm{II}$ regions using one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamic simulations, which include absorption and re-emission of photons by dust. In order to investigate ... More

Computing p-values of LiNGAM outputs via Multiscale BootstrapSep 16 2009Jun 22 2010Structural equation models and Bayesian networks have been widely used to study causal relationships between continuous variables. Recently, a non-Gaussian method called LiNGAM was proposed to discover such causal models and has been extended in various ... More

Generalized Morrey spaces and trace operatorMay 27 2016The theory of generalized Besov-Morrey spaces and generalized Triebel-Lizorkin-Morrey spaces is developed. Generalized Morrey spaces, which T. Mizuhara and E. Nakai proposed, are equipped with a parameter and a function. The trace property is one of the ... More

Magnetic field spectrum at cosmological recombination revisitedApr 15 2015Jun 03 2015If vector type perturbations are present in the primordial plasma before recombination, the generation of magnetic fields is known to be inevitable through the Harrison mechanism. In the context of the standard cosmological perturbation theory, non-linear ... More

A Realistic Extension of Gauge-Mediated SUSY-Breaking Model with Superconformal Hidden SectorOct 25 2008Feb 06 2009The sequestering of supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking parameters, which is induced by superconformal hidden sector, is one of the solutions for the mu/B_mu problem in gauge-mediated SUSY-breaking scenario. However, it is found that the minimal messenger model ... More

ParceLiNGAM: A causal ordering method robust against latent confoundersMar 29 2013Jul 29 2013We consider learning a causal ordering of variables in a linear non-Gaussian acyclic model called LiNGAM. Several existing methods have been shown to consistently estimate a causal ordering assuming that all the model assumptions are correct. But, the ... More

CMB Constraints on Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background at Mpc scalesApr 03 2019We present robust constraints on the stochastic gravitational waves (GWs) at Mpc scales from the CMB data. CMB constraints on GWs are usually characterized as the tensor-to-scalar ratio, assuming specifically a power-law form of the primordial spectrum, ... More

Mott Transitions and Staggered Orders in the Three-component Fermionic System: Variational Cluster ApproachMay 21 2016The variational cluster approximation is used to study the ground-state properties and single-particle spectra of the three-component fermionic Hubbard model defined on the two-dimensional square lattice at half filling. First, we show that either a paired ... More

Maximum efficiencies and performance limiting factors of inorganic and hybrid perovskite solar cellsApr 12 2019The Shockley and Queisser limit, a well-known efficiency limit for a solar cell, is based on unrealistic physical assumptions and its maximum limit is seriously overestimated. To understand the power loss mechanisms of record-efficiency cells, a more ... More

Reevaluation of Higgs-Mediated mu-e Transition in the MSSMMay 20 2010Sep 10 2010We discuss the $\mu$-$e$ transition processes induced by non-holomorphic Yukawa interactions in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). When supersymmetry is broken, the coupling structures between Higgs doublets and leptons are modified and ... More

Generation of magnetic fields in Einstein-Aether gravityFeb 18 2013Jun 14 2013Recently the lower bounds of the intergalactic magnetic fields $10^{-16} \sim 10^{-20}$ Gauss are set by gamma-ray observations while it is unlikely to generate such large scale magnetic fields through astrophysical processes. It is known that large scale ... More

A Linear Extrinsic Calibration of Kaleidoscopic Imaging System from Single 3D PointMar 08 2017May 27 2017This paper proposes a new extrinsic calibration of kaleidoscopic imaging system by estimating normals and distances of the mirrors. The problem to be solved in this paper is a simultaneous estimation of all mirror parameters consistent throughout multiple ... More

Scalegenesis via dynamically induced multiple seesawsJan 03 2017Apr 14 2017We propose a model which accounts for the dynamical origin of the electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB), directly linking to the mass generation of dark matter (DM) candidate and active neutrinos. The standard model (SM) is weakly charged under the $U(1)_{\rm ... More

Pupil Masks for Spectrophotometry of Transiting ExoplanetsJul 27 2017Spectrophotometric stability, which is crucial in the spectral characterization of transiting exoplanets, is affected by photometric variations arising from field-stop loss in space telescopes with pointing jitter or primary mirror deformation. This paper ... More