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Observing Custom Software Modifications: A Quantitative Approach of Tracking the Evolution of Patch StacksJul 04 2016Modifications to open-source software (OSS) are often provided in the form of "patch stacks" - sets of changes (patches) that modify a given body of source code. Maintaining patch stacks over extended periods of time is problematic when the underlying ... More

The List is the Process: Reliable Pre-Integration Tracking of Commits on Mailing ListsFeb 08 2019A considerable corpus of research on software evolution focuses on mining changes in software repositories, but omits their pre-integration history. We present a novel method for tracking this otherwise invisible evolution of software changes on mailing ... More

Look Mum, no VM Exits! (Almost)May 19 2017Multi-core CPUs are a standard component in many modern embedded systems. Their virtualisation extensions enable the isolation of services, and gain popularity to implement mixed-criticality or otherwise split systems. We present Jailhouse, a Linux-based, ... More

Yang-Mills thermodynamicsOct 04 2007Nov 05 2009We present a quantitative analysis of Yang-Mills thermodynamics in 4D flat spacetime. The focus is on the gauge group SU(2). Results for SU(3) are mentioned in passing. Although all essential arguments and results were reported elsewhere we summarize ... More

Spontaneously broken, local Z$_2$ symmetry and the anatomy of a leptonDec 03 2003Feb 11 2004In the framework of the gauge symmetry ${SU(2)}_{\tiny{CMB}}\times {SU(2)}_{\tiny{e}}\times {SU(2)}_{\tiny{\mu}}\times {SU(2)}_{\tiny{\tau}}$ we provide a microscopic argument why a spontaneously broken, local Z$_2$ symmetry surviving the 1$^{\tiny{st}}$ ... More

Reshuffling the OPE: Delocalized Operator ExpansionJul 29 2002A generalization of the operator product expansion for Euclidean correlators of gauge invariant QCD currents is presented. Each contribution to the modified expansion, which is based on a delocalized multipole expansion of a perturbatively determined ... More

Modifying operator product expansions by non-perturbative non-localitySep 02 2001Nov 12 2001Local quark-hadron duality violations in conventional applications of the operator product expansion are proposed to have their origin in the fact that the QCD vacuum or a hadronic state is not only characterized by nonvanishing expectation values of ... More

Confinement, Chiral Symmetry Breaking, and Axial Anomaly from Domain Formation at Intermediate ResolutionMar 26 2001Jul 02 2001Based on general renormalization group arguments, Polyakov's loop-space formalism, and recent analytical lattice arguments, suggesting, after Abelian gauge fixing, a description of pure gluodynamics by means of a Georgi-Glashow like model, the corresponding ... More

Analytical approach to nonperturbative Yang-Mills thermodynamicsDec 03 2003Dec 05 2003An analytical and inductive approach to hot SU(N) Yang-Mills dynamics is developed. For N=2,3 pressure and energy density are pointwise compared with lattice data.

Towards OPE based local quark-hadron duality: Light-quark channelsSep 02 2001Various light-quark channel current-current correlators are subjected to the concept of a non-perturbative component of coarse graining in operator product expansions introduced in a parallel work. This procedure allows for low-energy structure of the ... More

Neutrino Masses and Mixing Angles in SUSY-GUT Theories with explicit R-Parity BreakingNov 10 1995Sep 10 1996In minimal SUSY GUT models the $R$-parity breaking terms are severely constrained by SU(5) gauge invariance. We consider the particular case where the explicit $R$-parity breaking occurs only via dimension 2 terms of the superpotential. This model possesses ... More

Towards Generic RefactoringMar 01 2002We study program refactoring while considering the language or even the programming paradigm as a parameter. We use typed functional programs, namely Haskell programs, as the specification medium for a corresponding refactoring framework. In order to ... More

Neutral pions and eta mesons as probes of the expanding hadronic fireball in nucleus-nucleus collisions at SISMar 02 1998The production of neutral pions and eta mesons in collisions of light, intermediate-mass, and heavy nuclei at beam energies between 0.8 A GeV and 2.0 A GeV is discussed in the framework of a model assuming equilibrium at hadrochemical and thermal freeze-out, ... More

A mapping between Lorentz-violating and conventional electrodynamicsNov 29 2007Feb 17 2011The Chern-Simons-type term in the photon sector of the Lorentz- and CPT-breaking minimal Standard-Model Extension (mSME) is considered. It is argued that under certain circumstances this term can be removed from the mSME. In particular, it is demonstrated ... More

Aspects of spacetime-symmetry violationsFeb 19 2006The violation of spacetime symmetries provides a promising candidate signal for underlying physics, possibly arising at the Planck scale. This talk gives an overview over various aspects in the field, including some mechanisms for Lorentz breakdown, the ... More

Cosmology and spacetime symmetriesAug 31 2005Cosmological models often contain scalar fields, which can acquire global nonzero expectation values that change with the comoving time. Among the possible consequences of these scalar-field backgrounds, an accelerated cosmological expansion, varying ... More

Quantum-gravity phenomenology, Lorentz symmetry, and the SMEMar 16 2007Violations of spacetime symmetries have recently been identified as promising signatures for physics underlying the Standard Model. The present talk gives an overview over various topics in this field: The motivations for spacetime-symmetry research, ... More

Quantum gravity and spacetime symmetriesDec 30 2006Small violations of spacetime symmetries have recently been identified as promising Planck-scale signals. This talk reviews how such violations can arise in various approaches to quantum gravity, how the emergent low-energy effects can be described within ... More

Lorentz violation as a quantum-gravity signatureAug 29 2005Many theoretical approaches to quantum gravity predict the breakdown of Lorentz symmetry at Planck energies. Kinematical cosmic-ray studies are a sensitive tool in the search for such effects. This talk discusses the construction of test dispersion relations ... More

On the geometry of global function fields, the Riemann-Roch theorem, and finiteness properties of S-arithmetic groupsAug 21 2010Jan 30 2011Harder's reduction theory provides filtrations of euclidean buildings that allow one to deduce cohomological and homological properties of S-arithmetic groups over global function fields. In this survey I will sketch the main points of Harder's reduction ... More

Emergent Horizons in the LaboratoryApr 15 2010The concept of a horizon known from general relativity describes the loss of causal connection and can be applied to non-gravitational scenarios such as out-of-equilibrium condensed-matter systems in the laboratory. This analogy facilitates the identification ... More

Recreating Fundamental Effects in the Laboratory?Apr 14 2010This article provides a brief (non-exhaustive) overview of some possibilities for recreating fundamental effects which are relevant for black holes (and other gravitational scenarios) in the laboratory. Via suitable condensed matter analogues and other ... More

The galactic population of white dwarfsMar 12 2009The contribution of white dwarfs of the different Galactic populations to the stellar content of our Galaxy is only poorly known. Some authors claim a vast population of halo white dwarfs, which would be in accordance with some investigations of the early ... More

Modeling Star Formation from Turbulent FragmentationOct 03 2001Star formation is intimately linked to the dynamical evolution of molecular clouds. Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass via accretion from the surrounding cloud material. Using ... More

Star Formation from Turbulent FragmentationNov 10 2000Star formation is intimately linked to the dynamical evolution of molecular clouds. Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass via accretion from the surrounding cloud material. Efficiency, ... More

Excision in Hochschild and cyclic homology without continuous linear sectionsDec 18 2009We prove that continuous Hochschild and cyclic homology satisfy excision for extensions of nuclear H-unital Frechet algebras and use this to compute them for the algebra of Whitney functions on an arbitrary closed subset of a smooth manifold. Using a ... More

Lineare Rekurrenzen, Potenzreihen und ihre erzeugenden FunktionenApr 19 2007Apr 20 2007Diese kurze Einfuehrung in Theorie und Berechnung linearer Rekurrenzen versucht, eine Luecke in der Literatur zu fuellen. Zu diesem Zweck sind viele ausfuehrliche Beispiele angegeben. This short introduction to theory and usage of linear recurrences tries ... More

The cyclic homology and K-theory of certain adelic crossed productsDec 16 2003The multiplicative group of a global field acts on its adele ring by multiplication. We consider the crossed product algebra of the resulting action on the space of Schwartz functions on the adele ring and compute its Hochschild, cyclic and periodic cyclic ... More

Vibrational band structure of nanoscale phononic crystalsNov 02 2015Nov 24 2017The vibrational properties of two-dimensional phononic crystals are studied with large-scale molecular dynamics simulations and finite element method calculation. The vibrational band structure derived from the molecular dynamics simulations shows the ... More

Electromagnetic waves and photonsJul 21 2015Aug 24 2015We explore how the thermal ground states of two mixing and pure SU(2) Yang-Mills theories, SU(2)$_{\tiny\mbox{CMB}}$ of scale $\Lambda_{\tiny\mbox{CMB}}\sim 10^{-4}\,$eV and SU(2)$_{e}$ of scale $\Lambda_{e}\sim 5\times 10^5\,$eV, associate either wave ... More

Relic photon temperature versus redshift and the cosmic neutrino backgroundJul 02 2014Jan 19 2015Presuming that CMB photons are described by the deconfining phase of an SU(2) Yang-Mills theory with the critical temperature for the deconfining-preconfining phase transition matching the present CMB temperature $T_0\sim 2.725\,$K (SU(2)$_{\tiny{CMB}}$), ... More

Kinematical Lorentz-symmetry tests at particle collidersMar 24 2014Violations of Lorentz symmetry are typically associated with modifications of one-particle dispersion relations. The physical effects of such modifications in particle collisions often grow with energy, so that ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays provide an ... More

Massively Parallel Computation of Accurate Densities for N-body Dark Matter Simulations using the Phase-Space-Element MethodDec 29 2016Aug 24 2017This paper presents an accurate density computation approach for large dark matter simulations, based on a recently introduced phase-space tessellation technique and designed for massively parallel, heterogeneous cluster architectures. We discuss a memory ... More

Lorentz and CPT violation in the Standard-Model ExtensionApr 20 2016Lorentz and CPT invariance are among the symmetries that can be investigated with ultrahigh precision in subatomic physics. Being spacetime symmetries, Lorentz and CPT invariance can be violated by minuscule amounts in many theoretical approaches to underlying ... More

Interaction of a Bose-Einstein condensate with a gravitational waveJul 18 2018Nov 20 2018Partly motivated by recent proposals for the detection of gravitational waves, we study their interaction with Bose-Einstein condensates. For homogeneous condensates at rest, the gravitational wave does not directly create phonons (to lowest order), but ... More

How reliable are the Powell-Wetherall plot method and the maximum-length approach? Implications for length-based studies of growth and mortalityApr 14 2018Length-based methods are the cornerstone of many population studies and stock assessments. This study tested two widely used methods: the Powell-Wetherall (P-W) plot and the Lmax approach, i.e., estimating Linf directly from Lmax. In most simulations, ... More

Equivariant Kasparov theory and generalized homomorphismsJan 17 2000Apr 30 2000Let G be a locally compact group. We describe elements of KK^G (A,B) by equivariant homomorphisms, following Cuntz's treatment in the non-equivariant case. This yields another proof for the universal property of KK^G: It is the universal split exact stable ... More

On Hopf algebra structures over free operadsApr 26 2005Nov 30 2005The operad Lie can be constructed as the operad of primitives Prim As from the operad As of associative algebras. This is reflected by the theorems of Friedrichs, Poincare'-Birkhoff-Witt and Cartier-Milnor-Moore. We replace As by families of free operads ... More

A matrix-algebraic algorithm for the Riemannian logarithm on the Stiefel manifold under the canonical metricApr 18 2016Mar 17 2017We derive a numerical algorithm for evaluating the Riemannian logarithm on the Stiefel manifold with respect to the canonical metric. In contrast to the existing optimization-based approach, we work from a purely matrix-algebraic perspective. Moreover, ... More

Heavy-Flavor Theory at "Hard and Electromagnetic Probes 2018"Jan 18 2019An overview is given of the theoretical developments on heavy quarks and quarkonia in heavy-ion collisions as reported at the "Hard and EM Probes 2018" conference. Specifically, we address progress in the understanding of heavy-flavor diffusion and its ... More

Homological algebra for Schwartz algebras of reductive p-adic groupsJan 31 2005Jun 02 2005Let G be a reductive group over a non-Archimedean local field. Then the canonical functor from the derived category of smooth tempered representations of G to the derived category of all smooth representations of G is fully faithful. Here we consider ... More

Combable groups have group cohomology of polynomial growthOct 28 2004Aug 06 2018Group cohomology of polynomial growth is defined for any finitely generated discrete group, using cochains that have polynomial growth with respect to the word length function. We give a geometric condition that guarantees that it agrees with the usual ... More

L(R) absoluteness under proper forcingsSep 08 1999We isolate a new large cardinal concept, "remarkability." Consistencywise, remarkable cardinals are between ineffable and omega-Erdos cardinals. They are characterized by the existence of "0^sharp-like" embeddings; however, they relativize down to L. ... More

A geometric model for cluster categories of type $D_n$Aug 10 2006Aug 30 2006We give a geometric realization of cluster categories of type $D_n$ using a polygon with $n$ vertices and one puncture in its center as a model. In this realization, the indecomposable objects of the cluster category correspond to certain homotopy classes ... More

Theory of Soft Electromagnetic Emission in Heavy-Ion CollisionsOct 19 2011A status report of utilizing soft electromagnetic radiation (aka thermal photons and dileptons) in the diagnosis of strongly interacting matter in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions is given. After briefly elaborating on relations of the electromagnetic ... More

Synchronization Transition in the Kuramoto Model with Colored NoiseMar 08 2010We present a linear stability analysis of the incoherent state in a system of globally coupled, identical phase oscillators subject to colored noise. In that we succeed to bridge the extreme time scales between the formerly studied and analytically solvable ... More

Dileptons, Charm and Charmonium at Finite Temperature and Chemical PotentialAug 23 2009We discuss how dileptons, open charm and charmonia may be utilized in heavy-ion collisions to extract information specific to hot and dense matter at finite quark chemical potential, $\mu_q$. For each observable we briefly discuss underlying theoretical ... More

Fluid dynamics of planetary icesMar 23 2009The role of water ice in the solar system is reviewed from a fluid-dynamical point of view. On Earth and Mars, water ice forms ice sheets, ice caps and glaciers at the surface, which show glacial flow under their own weight. By contrast, water ice is ... More

Quantum graphs and their spectraOct 17 2011We show that families of leafless quantum graphs that are isospectral for the standard Laplacian are finite. We show that the minimum edge length is a spectral invariant. We give an upper bound for the size of isospectral families in terms of the total ... More

Violations of Einstein's Relativity: Motivations, Theory, and PhenomenologyFeb 17 2011One of the most difficult questions in present-day physics concerns a fundamental theory of space, time, and matter that incorporates a consistent quantum description of gravity. There are various theoretical approaches to such a quantum-gravity theory. ... More

Theory of Heavy Flavor in the Quark-Gluon PlasmaJan 27 2011Heavy-quark interactions in the Quark-Gluon Plasma are analyzed in terms of a selfconsistent Brueckner scheme using a thermodynamic $T$-matrix based on a potential model. The interrelations between quarkonium correlators, spectral functions and zero-modes, ... More

Dirac theory within the Standard-Model ExtensionJan 12 2004The modified Dirac equation in the Lorentz-violating Standard-Model Extension (SME) is considered. Within this framework, the construction of a hermitian Hamiltonian to all orders in the Lorentz-breaking parameters is investigated, discrete symmetries ... More

Threshold analyses and Lorentz violationApr 02 2003In the context of threshold investigations of Lorentz violation, we discuss the fundamental principle of coordinate invariance, the role of an effective dynamical framework, and the conditions of positivity and causality. Our analysis excludes a variety ... More

Theoretical topics in spacetime-symmetry violationsOct 02 2007The Lorentz- and CPT-violating Chern-Simons extension of electrodynamics is considered. In the context of N=4 supergravity in four spacetime dimensions, it is argued that cosmological solutions can generate this extension. Within Chern-Simons electrodynamics, ... More

CPT- and Lorentz-symmetry breaking: a reviewNov 13 2006Dec 28 2006The breakdown of spacetime symmetries has recently been identified as a promising candidate signal for underlying physics, possibly arising through quantum-gravitational effects. This talk gives an overview over various aspects of CPT- and Lorentz-violation ... More

Mass Spectra from Turbulent FragmentationJun 19 2001Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass from the surrounding cloud material. Molecular cloud regions without turbulent driving sources, or where turbulence is driven on large scales, ... More

A Model for Dwarf Spheroidal Satellite Galaxies without Dark MatterJan 09 1998Self-consistent simulations of the dynamical evolution of low-mass satellite galaxies without dark matter on different orbits interacting with an extended Galactic dark halo are described. The calculations proceed for many orbital periods until well after ... More

The Formation of Stellar Clusters: Mass Spectra from Turbulent Molecular Cloud FragmentationApr 07 2001Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass from the surrounding cloud material. This process is investigated, using numerical models of self-gravitating molecular cloud dynamics. Molecular ... More

On near Chandrasekhar mass central stars of planetary nebulaeMar 23 2006A recent spectroscopic analysis of central stars of planetary nebulae (CSPNe) claims that the sample includes five CSPNe with masses very close to the Chandrasekhar limit of white dwarfs. This claim should be verified or discarded from the available kinematical ... More

Spectroscopic investigation of old planetaries IV. Model atmosphere analysisAug 17 1999The results of a NLTE model atmosphere analysis of 27 hydrogen-rich central stars of old planetary nebulae (PN) are reported. These stars were selected from a previous paper in this series, where we gave classifications for a total of 38 central stars. ... More

Yang-Mills thermodynamics: The preconfining phaseJul 13 2005Nov 27 2006We summarize recent nonperturbative results obtained for the thermodynamics of an SU(2) and an SU(3) Yang-Mills theory being in its preconfining (magnetic) phase. We focus on an explanation of the involved concepts and derivations, and we avoid technical ... More

Analytical approach to SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamicsAug 10 2004We propose an analytical approach to SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics. The existence of a macroscopic and rigid adjoint Higgs field, generated by dilute trivial-holonomy calorons at large temperature $T$ (electric phase), implies a twofold degeneracy of ... More

Galaxies in the infraredJul 21 2000The mid infrared spectra of the starbursts show the 9.7$\mu m$ silicate absorption feature and strong mid infrared emission bands centered at 6.2, 7.7, and 11.3 $\mu$m. Illustrative models of the {\it active} galaxies are presented: As the starbursts ... More

SUSY without R-parity: symmetry breaking and LSP phenomenologyFeb 25 1997We have studied the predictions for the LSP decay within the framework of a radiatively broken unified supergravity model without R-parity. Assuming that Higgs/slepton mixing is the only source of R-parity breaking and responsible for the observed neutrino ... More

Coupling Constant Unification in Extended SUSY ModelsFeb 01 1995The unification of gauge coupling constants in the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) is unaffected at the one-loop level by the inclusion of additional mass-degenerate SU(5) multiplets. Perturbativity puts an upper limit on the number of additional ... More

Can the Supersymmetric $μ$ parameter be generated dynamically without a light Singlet?Apr 12 1994It is generally assumed that the dynamical generation of the Higgs mass parameter of the superpotential, $\mu$, implies the existence of a light singlet at or below the supersymmetry breaking scale, $\msusy$. We present a counter-example in which the ... More

Prove or Disprove. 100 Conjectures from the OEISSep 27 2004Nov 27 2004Presented here are over one hundred conjectures ranging from easy to difficult, from many mathematical fields. I also summarize briefly methods and tools that have led to this collection.

On Hopf algebra structures over operadsJul 06 2004Nov 30 2005We study P-Hopf algebras with one coassociative cooperation over different operads P. For example, we consider the Loday-Ronco dendriform Hopf algebra and its isomorphisms with the noncommutative planar Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra and with a Hopf algebra ... More

P not= NP for infinite time Turing machinesJun 11 2001We state a version of the P=?NP problem for infinite time Turing machines. It is observed that P not= NP for this version.

Smooth and rough modules over self-induced algebrasNov 19 2009A non-unital algebra in a closed monoidal category is called self-induced if the multiplication induces an isomorphism between A\otimes_A A and A. For such an algebra, we define smoothening and roughening functors that retract the category of modules ... More

On a class of reducible trinomialsNov 04 2013In this short note we give an expression for some numbers $n$ such that the polynomial $x^{2p}-nx^p+1$ is reducible.

Recovering quantum graphs from their Bloch spectrumJan 31 2011Feb 10 2011We define the Bloch spectrum of a quantum graph to be the collection of the spectra of a family of Schrodinger operators parametrized by the cohomology of the quantum graph. We show that the Bloch spectrum determines the Albanese torus, the block structure ... More

Fundamental Quantum Effects from a Quantum-Optics PerspectiveApr 14 2010This article provides a brief overview of some fundamental effects of quantum fields under extreme conditions. For the Schwinger mechanism, Hawking radiation, and the Unruh effect, analogies to quantum optics are discussed, which might help to approach ... More

CPT and Lorentz-invariance violationNov 15 2009The largest gap in our understanding of nature at the fundamental level is perhaps a unified description of gravity and quantum theory. Although there are currently a variety of theoretical approaches to this question, experimental research in this field ... More

Representations of *-algebras by unbounded operators: C*-hulls, local-global principle, and inductionJul 15 2016Sep 29 2016We define a C*-hull for a *-algebra, given a notion of integrability for its representations on Hilbert modules. We establish a local-global principle which, in many cases, characterises integrable representations on Hilbert modules through the integrable ... More

Quotients of the topology of the partition lattice which are not homotopy equivalent to wedges of spheresFeb 20 2012Jun 21 2012The reader of doi:10.1016/j.topol.2010.08.006 might conjecture that \Delta(\bar{\Pi}_n)/G is homotopy equivalent to a wedge of spheres for any n>=3 and any subgroup G<S_n. We disprove this by showing that \Delta(\bar{\Pi}_p)/C_p is not homotopy equivalent ... More

Topological versus rheological entanglement length in primitive path analysis protocolsNov 21 2011Primitive path analysis algorithms are now routinely employed to analyze entanglements in computer simulations of polymeric systems, but different analysis protocols result in different estimates of the entanglement length, N_e. Here we argue that standard ... More

General Analysis Tool Box for Controlled PerturbationMar 29 2012The implementation of reliable and efficient geometric algorithms is a challenging task. The reason is the following conflict: On the one hand, computing with rounded arithmetic may question the reliability of programs while, on the other hand, computing ... More

Isospectral Metrics on Projective SpacesApr 12 2011We construct isospectral non isometric metrics on real and complex projective space. We recall the construction using isometric torus actions by Carolyn Gordon in chapter 2. In chapter 3 we will recall some facts about complex projective space. In chapter ... More

Dynamical quantum phase transitionsApr 14 2010A sweep through a quantum phase transition by means of a time-dependent external parameter (e.g., pressure) entails non-equilibrium phenomena associated with a break-down of adiabaticity: At the critical point, the energy gap vanishes and the response ... More

The Lorentz-violating Standard-Model ExtensionJan 16 2004Quantum-gravity effects are expected to be suppressed by the Planck mass. For experimental progress it is therefore important to identify potential signatures from Planck-scale physics that are amenable to ultrahigh-precision tests. It is argued that ... More

Couplings varying on cosmological scales and Lorentz breakingNov 06 2003In the context of N=4 supergravity in four dimensions, we present an exact classical solution that leads to spacetime-dependent electromagnetic couplings and discuss the ensuing Lorentz-violating effects. We comment briefly on experimental bounds.

Apparent Lorentz violation through spacetime-varying couplingsAug 20 2003In this talk, we explore the relation between smoothly varying couplings and Lorentz violation. Within the context of a supergravity model, we present an explicit mechanism that causes the effective fine-structure parameter and the effective electromagnetic ... More

Some Considerations Regarding Lorentz-Violating TheoriesJan 29 2002We investigate the compatibility of Lorentz-violating quantum field theories with the requirements of causality and stability. A general renormalizable model for free massive fermions indicates that these requirements are satisfied at low energies provided ... More

Combable groups have group cohomology of polynomial growthOct 28 2004Jun 02 2005Group cohomology of polynomial growth is defined for any finitely generated discrete group, using cochains that have polynomial growth with respect to the word length function. We give a geometric condition that guarantees that it agrees with the usual ... More

Lexikoneintraege fuer deutsche Adverbien (Dictionary Entries for German Adverbs)Oct 04 1994Modifiers in general, and adverbs in particular, are neglected categories in linguistics, and consequently, their treatment in Natural Language Processing poses problems. In this article, we present the dictionary information for German adverbs which ... More

Structure, Formation and Ages of Elliptical GalaxiesJan 27 1997The structural properties of elliptical galaxies are consistent with their formation in a merging hierarchy. In this picture, the role of gaseous processes and dissipation decreased with increasing mass creating preferentially rotationally flattend disky ... More

SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics and photon physicsOct 05 2007Based on quantitative predictions enabled by a nonperturbative approach to Yang-Mills thermodynamics it is explained why the physics of photon {\sl propagation} is not unlikely rooted in pure SU(2) gauge dynamics.

Yang-Mills thermodynamics at low temperatureFeb 04 2007Sep 18 2007For the confining phase of SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics we show that the asymptotic series representing the pressure is Borel summable for negative (unphysical) values of a suitably defined coupling constant. The inverse Borel transform is meromorphic ... More

Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamicsSep 05 2006Nov 05 2009We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills ... More

Operator Product Expansion and Quark-Hadron Duality: Facts and RiddlesDec 09 2003Jan 23 2004We review the status of the practical operator product expansion (OPE), when applied to two-point correlators of QCD currents which interpolate to mesonic resonances, in view of the violations of local quark-hadron duality. Covered topics are: a mini-review ... More

Thermodynamic gauge-theory cascadeApr 15 2003Aug 14 2003It is proposed that the cooling of a thermalized SU($N$) gauge theory can be formulated in terms of a cascade involving three effective theories with successively reduced (and spontaneously broken) gauge symmetries, SU($N$) $\to$ U(1)$^{N-1}$ $\to$ Z$_N$. ... More

A Model for the Effective Potential of Thermalized Pure SU(Large N) Gauge TheoryJan 10 2002May 27 2002Based on the (in part verified) ideas of a dynamical ``abelian-ization'' and subsequent ``center-ization'' of pure SU($N$) gauge theory an effective potential for relevant field variables is constructed in the limit of large N. To do this the theory is ... More

Magnetic charge of finite lifetime in SU(2) gluodynamicsJan 29 2001A self-dual, localized solution to the classical SU(2) Yang-Mills equation in Euclidean spacetime, which formally possesses infinite action, is investigated in view of its U(1) charge content after Abelian projection. This is suggested by noting that ... More

Yang-Mills thermodynamics: The confining phaseAug 29 2005Nov 27 2006We summarize recent nonperturbative results obtained for the thermodynamics of an SU(2) and an SU(3) Yang-Mills theory being in its confining (center) phase. This phase is associated with a dynamical breaking of the local magnetic center symmetry. Emphasis ... More

A strongly interacting SU(2) pure gauge theory and the nature of lightAug 16 2005Nov 27 2006We present quantitative and qualitative arguments in favor of the claim that, within the present cosmological epoch, the U(1)$_Y$ factor in the Standard Model is an effective manifestation of SU(2) pure gauge dynamics of Yang-Mills scale $\Lambda\sim ... More

Pointlike electrons and muons and the nature of neutrinosJan 05 2004Jan 29 2004We show that the form factor of an electron or a muon is unity for the modulus of the momentum transfer away from the Hagedorn temperatures $T^{e}_0\sim m_e$ and $T^{\mu}_0\sim m_\mu$ and lower than the hadronic Hagedorn temperature $T^{\tiny{QCD}}_0\sim ... More

The curvaton as a Bose-Einstein condensate of chiral pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosonsAug 29 2002Sep 22 2003Explaining cosmic inflation by the effective dynamics of an $SU(N_C)$ pure gauge theory of scale $\La\sim 10^{-6} M_p$ is lacking an explanation of the (Gaussian) spatial curvature perturbations needed to seed the formation of large-scale structure after ... More

The Sketch of a Polymorphic SymphonyApr 08 2002Nov 01 2002In previous work, we have introduced functional strategies, that is, first-class generic functions that can traverse into terms of any type while mixing uniform and type-specific behaviour. In the present paper, we give a detailed description of one particular ... More

The future is noisy: on the role of spatial fluctuations in genetic switchingJul 24 2001A genetic switch may be realised by a certain operator sector on the DNA strand from which either genetic code, to the left or to the right of this operator sector, can be transcribed and the corresponding information processed. This switch is controlled ... More