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Verification of the global gyrokinetic stellarator code XGC-S for linear ion temperature gradient driven modesMay 14 2019XGC (X-point Gyrokinetic Code) is a whole-volume, total-f gyrokinetic particle-in-cell code developed for modelling tokamaks. In recent work, XGC has been extended to model more general 3D toroidal magnetic configurations, such as stellarators. These ... More

Verification of long wavelength electromagnetic modes with a gyrokinetic-fluid hybrid model in the XGC codeFeb 16 2017As an alternative option to kinetic electrons, the gyrokinetic total-f particle-in-cell (PIC) code XGC1 has been extended to the MHD/fluid type electromagnetic regime by combining gyrokinetic PIC ions with massless drift-fluid electrons analogous to Chen ... More

A tight-coupling scheme sharing minimum information across a spatial interface between gyrokinetic turbulence codesJun 13 2018Jul 20 2018A new scheme that tightly couples kinetic turbulence codes across a spatial interface is introduced. This scheme evolves from considerations of competing strategies and down-selection. It is found that the use of a composite kinetic distribution function ... More

Structural Change in (Economic) Time SeriesFeb 17 2017Methods for detecting structural changes, or change points, in time series data are widely used in many fields of science and engineering. This chapter sketches some basic methods for the analysis of structural changes in time series data. The exposition ... More

Influence of carbon-ion irradiation on the superconducting critical properties of MgB$_2$ thin filmsNov 14 2018We investigate the influence of carbon-ion irradiation on the superconducting critical properties of MgB$_2$ thin films. MgB$_2$ films of two thicknesses viz. 400 nm (MB400nm) and 800 nm (MB800nm) were irradiated by 350 keV C ions having a wide range ... More

Li dynamics in carbon-rich polymer-derived SiCN ceramics probed by nuclear magnetic resonanceJan 08 2014We report $^{7}$Li, $^{29}$Si, and $^{13}$C NMR studies of two different carbon-rich SiCN ceramics SiCN-1 and SiCN-3 derived from the preceramic polymers polyphenylvinylsilylcarbodiimide and polyphenylvinylsilazane, respectively. From the spectral analysis ... More

Gyroaveraging operations using adaptive matrix operatorsFeb 26 2018Apr 20 2018A new adaptive scheme to be used in Particle-In-Cell codes for carrying out gyroaveraging operations with matrices is presented. This new scheme uses an intermediate velocity grid whose resolution is adapted to the local thermal Larmor radius. The charge ... More

Realization of affine type A Kirillov-Reshetikhin crystals via polytopesSep 26 2012On the polytope defined in Feigin, Fourier, and Littelmann (2011), associated to any rectangle highest weight, we define a structure of an type $A_n$-crystal. We show, by using the Stembridge axioms, that this crystal is isomorphic to the one obtained ... More

Homogenization for Generalized Langevin Equations with Applications to Anomalous DiffusionFeb 18 2019We study homogenization for a class of generalized Langevin equations (GLEs) with state-dependent coefficients and exhibiting multiple time scales. In addition to the small mass limit, we focus on homogenization limits, which involve taking to zero the ... More

Plasmon band gap generated by intense ion acoustic wavesOct 12 2009Apr 26 2010In the presence of an intense ion acoustic wave, the energy-momentum dispersion relation of plasmons is strongly modified to exhibit a band gap structure. The intensity of an ion acoustic wave might be measured from the band gap width. The plasmon band ... More

The PBW filtration and convex polytopes in type $\tt B$Apr 24 2015Nov 18 2016We study the PBW filtration on irreducible finite--dimensional representations for the Lie algebra of type $\tt B_n$. We prove in several cases, including all multiples of the adjoint representation and all irreducible finite--dimensional representations ... More

Spatial Bayesian hierarchical modeling of precipitation extremes over a large domainDec 28 2015Jan 29 2016We propose a Bayesian hierarchical model for spatial extremes on a large domain. In the data layer a Gaussian elliptical copula having generalized extreme value (GEV) marginals is applied. Spatial dependence in the GEV parameters are captured with a latent ... More

The pricing formula for cancellable European optionsApr 22 2013Sep 25 2014This paper examines the value of a cancellable European option in a finite time horizon setting. The specifications of this generalized European option allow the seller to cancel the option at any point in time for a fixed penalty paid directly to the ... More

The Convexity of the Free Boundary for the American put optionApr 19 2013Dec 06 2014This paper studies the parabolic free boundary problem arising from pricing American-style put options on an asset whose index follows a geometric Brownian motion process. The contribution is to propose a condition for that the early exercise boundary ... More

The PBW filtration and convex polytopes in type $\tt B$Apr 24 2015Apr 30 2015We study the PBW filtration on irreducible finite--dimensional representations for the Lie algebra of type $\tt B_n$. We prove in several cases, including all multiples of the adjoint representation and all irreducible finite--dimensional representations ... More

Demazure modules and Weyl modules: The twisted current caseAug 30 2011We study finite-dimensional respresentations of twisted current algebras and show that any graded twisted Weyl module is isomorphic to level one Demazure module for the twisted affine Kac-Moody algebra. Using the tensor product property of Demazure modules, ... More

Betti numbers in three dimensional minimal model programMay 14 2016Let $X$ be a smooth projective threefold. We prove that, among the process of minimal model program, the variance of the third Betti number can be bounded by some integer depends only on the Picard number of $X$.

Design of Automatic Soil Humidity Control using Maximum Power Point Tracking ControllerJun 09 2018The photovoltaic system uses the photovoltaic array as a source of electrical power for the direct conversion of the sun radiation to direct current without any environmental hazards. The main purpose of this research is to design a converter with Maximum ... More

A scalar photon theory for near-field radiative heat transferMar 21 2017We study a one-dimensional model of radiative heat transfer for which the effect of the electromag- netic field is only from the scalar potential and thereby ignoring the vector potential contribution. This is a valid assumption when the distances between ... More

Anomalous near-field heat transfer in carbon-based nano-structures with edge statesSep 24 2018Jan 03 2019We find an unusually optimal near field heat transfer, where the maximum heat transfer is reached at experimentally feasible gap separation. We attribute this to the localized zero-energy electronic edge states, which also substantially changes the near-field ... More

Neutral pions and eta mesons as probes of the expanding hadronic fireball in nucleus-nucleus collisions at SISMar 02 1998The production of neutral pions and eta mesons in collisions of light, intermediate-mass, and heavy nuclei at beam energies between 0.8 A GeV and 2.0 A GeV is discussed in the framework of a model assuming equilibrium at hadrochemical and thermal freeze-out, ... More

A mapping between Lorentz-violating and conventional electrodynamicsNov 29 2007Feb 17 2011The Chern-Simons-type term in the photon sector of the Lorentz- and CPT-breaking minimal Standard-Model Extension (mSME) is considered. It is argued that under certain circumstances this term can be removed from the mSME. In particular, it is demonstrated ... More

Aspects of spacetime-symmetry violationsFeb 19 2006The violation of spacetime symmetries provides a promising candidate signal for underlying physics, possibly arising at the Planck scale. This talk gives an overview over various aspects in the field, including some mechanisms for Lorentz breakdown, the ... More

Cosmology and spacetime symmetriesAug 31 2005Cosmological models often contain scalar fields, which can acquire global nonzero expectation values that change with the comoving time. Among the possible consequences of these scalar-field backgrounds, an accelerated cosmological expansion, varying ... More

Quantum-gravity phenomenology, Lorentz symmetry, and the SMEMar 16 2007Violations of spacetime symmetries have recently been identified as promising signatures for physics underlying the Standard Model. The present talk gives an overview over various topics in this field: The motivations for spacetime-symmetry research, ... More

Quantum gravity and spacetime symmetriesDec 30 2006Small violations of spacetime symmetries have recently been identified as promising Planck-scale signals. This talk reviews how such violations can arise in various approaches to quantum gravity, how the emergent low-energy effects can be described within ... More

Lorentz violation as a quantum-gravity signatureAug 29 2005Many theoretical approaches to quantum gravity predict the breakdown of Lorentz symmetry at Planck energies. Kinematical cosmic-ray studies are a sensitive tool in the search for such effects. This talk discusses the construction of test dispersion relations ... More

On the geometry of global function fields, the Riemann-Roch theorem, and finiteness properties of S-arithmetic groupsAug 21 2010Jan 30 2011Harder's reduction theory provides filtrations of euclidean buildings that allow one to deduce cohomological and homological properties of S-arithmetic groups over global function fields. In this survey I will sketch the main points of Harder's reduction ... More

Emergent Horizons in the LaboratoryApr 15 2010The concept of a horizon known from general relativity describes the loss of causal connection and can be applied to non-gravitational scenarios such as out-of-equilibrium condensed-matter systems in the laboratory. This analogy facilitates the identification ... More

Recreating Fundamental Effects in the Laboratory?Apr 14 2010This article provides a brief (non-exhaustive) overview of some possibilities for recreating fundamental effects which are relevant for black holes (and other gravitational scenarios) in the laboratory. Via suitable condensed matter analogues and other ... More

The galactic population of white dwarfsMar 12 2009The contribution of white dwarfs of the different Galactic populations to the stellar content of our Galaxy is only poorly known. Some authors claim a vast population of halo white dwarfs, which would be in accordance with some investigations of the early ... More

Modeling Star Formation from Turbulent FragmentationOct 03 2001Star formation is intimately linked to the dynamical evolution of molecular clouds. Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass via accretion from the surrounding cloud material. Using ... More

Star Formation from Turbulent FragmentationNov 10 2000Star formation is intimately linked to the dynamical evolution of molecular clouds. Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass via accretion from the surrounding cloud material. Efficiency, ... More

Lineare Rekurrenzen, Potenzreihen und ihre erzeugenden FunktionenApr 19 2007Apr 20 2007Diese kurze Einfuehrung in Theorie und Berechnung linearer Rekurrenzen versucht, eine Luecke in der Literatur zu fuellen. Zu diesem Zweck sind viele ausfuehrliche Beispiele angegeben. This short introduction to theory and usage of linear recurrences tries ... More

Excision in Hochschild and cyclic homology without continuous linear sectionsDec 18 2009We prove that continuous Hochschild and cyclic homology satisfy excision for extensions of nuclear H-unital Frechet algebras and use this to compute them for the algebra of Whitney functions on an arbitrary closed subset of a smooth manifold. Using a ... More

On Hopf algebra structures over free operadsApr 26 2005Nov 30 2005The operad Lie can be constructed as the operad of primitives Prim As from the operad As of associative algebras. This is reflected by the theorems of Friedrichs, Poincare'-Birkhoff-Witt and Cartier-Milnor-Moore. We replace As by families of free operads ... More

A geometric model for cluster categories of type $D_n$Aug 10 2006Aug 30 2006We give a geometric realization of cluster categories of type $D_n$ using a polygon with $n$ vertices and one puncture in its center as a model. In this realization, the indecomposable objects of the cluster category correspond to certain homotopy classes ... More

Equivariant Kasparov theory and generalized homomorphismsJan 17 2000Apr 30 2000Let G be a locally compact group. We describe elements of KK^G (A,B) by equivariant homomorphisms, following Cuntz's treatment in the non-equivariant case. This yields another proof for the universal property of KK^G: It is the universal split exact stable ... More

The cyclic homology and K-theory of certain adelic crossed productsDec 16 2003The multiplicative group of a global field acts on its adele ring by multiplication. We consider the crossed product algebra of the resulting action on the space of Schwartz functions on the adele ring and compute its Hochschild, cyclic and periodic cyclic ... More

Fundamental Quantum Effects from a Quantum-Optics PerspectiveApr 14 2010This article provides a brief overview of some fundamental effects of quantum fields under extreme conditions. For the Schwinger mechanism, Hawking radiation, and the Unruh effect, analogies to quantum optics are discussed, which might help to approach ... More

CPT and Lorentz-invariance violationNov 15 2009The largest gap in our understanding of nature at the fundamental level is perhaps a unified description of gravity and quantum theory. Although there are currently a variety of theoretical approaches to this question, experimental research in this field ... More

Representations of *-algebras by unbounded operators: C*-hulls, local-global principle, and inductionJul 15 2016Sep 29 2016We define a C*-hull for a *-algebra, given a notion of integrability for its representations on Hilbert modules. We establish a local-global principle which, in many cases, characterises integrable representations on Hilbert modules through the integrable ... More

Quotients of the topology of the partition lattice which are not homotopy equivalent to wedges of spheresFeb 20 2012Jun 21 2012The reader of doi:10.1016/j.topol.2010.08.006 might conjecture that \Delta(\bar{\Pi}_n)/G is homotopy equivalent to a wedge of spheres for any n>=3 and any subgroup G<S_n. We disprove this by showing that \Delta(\bar{\Pi}_p)/C_p is not homotopy equivalent ... More

Topological versus rheological entanglement length in primitive path analysis protocolsNov 21 2011Primitive path analysis algorithms are now routinely employed to analyze entanglements in computer simulations of polymeric systems, but different analysis protocols result in different estimates of the entanglement length, N_e. Here we argue that standard ... More

General Analysis Tool Box for Controlled PerturbationMar 29 2012The implementation of reliable and efficient geometric algorithms is a challenging task. The reason is the following conflict: On the one hand, computing with rounded arithmetic may question the reliability of programs while, on the other hand, computing ... More

Isospectral Metrics on Projective SpacesApr 12 2011We construct isospectral non isometric metrics on real and complex projective space. We recall the construction using isometric torus actions by Carolyn Gordon in chapter 2. In chapter 3 we will recall some facts about complex projective space. In chapter ... More

Dynamical quantum phase transitionsApr 14 2010A sweep through a quantum phase transition by means of a time-dependent external parameter (e.g., pressure) entails non-equilibrium phenomena associated with a break-down of adiabaticity: At the critical point, the energy gap vanishes and the response ... More

Combable groups have group cohomology of polynomial growthOct 28 2004Jun 02 2005Group cohomology of polynomial growth is defined for any finitely generated discrete group, using cochains that have polynomial growth with respect to the word length function. We give a geometric condition that guarantees that it agrees with the usual ... More

SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics and photon physicsOct 05 2007Based on quantitative predictions enabled by a nonperturbative approach to Yang-Mills thermodynamics it is explained why the physics of photon {\sl propagation} is not unlikely rooted in pure SU(2) gauge dynamics.

Yang-Mills thermodynamics at low temperatureFeb 04 2007Sep 18 2007For the confining phase of SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics we show that the asymptotic series representing the pressure is Borel summable for negative (unphysical) values of a suitably defined coupling constant. The inverse Borel transform is meromorphic ... More

Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamicsSep 05 2006Nov 05 2009We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills ... More

Operator Product Expansion and Quark-Hadron Duality: Facts and RiddlesDec 09 2003Jan 23 2004We review the status of the practical operator product expansion (OPE), when applied to two-point correlators of QCD currents which interpolate to mesonic resonances, in view of the violations of local quark-hadron duality. Covered topics are: a mini-review ... More

Thermodynamic gauge-theory cascadeApr 15 2003Aug 14 2003It is proposed that the cooling of a thermalized SU($N$) gauge theory can be formulated in terms of a cascade involving three effective theories with successively reduced (and spontaneously broken) gauge symmetries, SU($N$) $\to$ U(1)$^{N-1}$ $\to$ Z$_N$. ... More

A Model for the Effective Potential of Thermalized Pure SU(Large N) Gauge TheoryJan 10 2002May 27 2002Based on the (in part verified) ideas of a dynamical ``abelian-ization'' and subsequent ``center-ization'' of pure SU($N$) gauge theory an effective potential for relevant field variables is constructed in the limit of large N. To do this the theory is ... More

Magnetic charge of finite lifetime in SU(2) gluodynamicsJan 29 2001A self-dual, localized solution to the classical SU(2) Yang-Mills equation in Euclidean spacetime, which formally possesses infinite action, is investigated in view of its U(1) charge content after Abelian projection. This is suggested by noting that ... More

Yang-Mills thermodynamics: The confining phaseAug 29 2005Nov 27 2006We summarize recent nonperturbative results obtained for the thermodynamics of an SU(2) and an SU(3) Yang-Mills theory being in its confining (center) phase. This phase is associated with a dynamical breaking of the local magnetic center symmetry. Emphasis ... More

A strongly interacting SU(2) pure gauge theory and the nature of lightAug 16 2005Nov 27 2006We present quantitative and qualitative arguments in favor of the claim that, within the present cosmological epoch, the U(1)$_Y$ factor in the Standard Model is an effective manifestation of SU(2) pure gauge dynamics of Yang-Mills scale $\Lambda\sim ... More

Pointlike electrons and muons and the nature of neutrinosJan 05 2004Jan 29 2004We show that the form factor of an electron or a muon is unity for the modulus of the momentum transfer away from the Hagedorn temperatures $T^{e}_0\sim m_e$ and $T^{\mu}_0\sim m_\mu$ and lower than the hadronic Hagedorn temperature $T^{\tiny{QCD}}_0\sim ... More

The curvaton as a Bose-Einstein condensate of chiral pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosonsAug 29 2002Sep 22 2003Explaining cosmic inflation by the effective dynamics of an $SU(N_C)$ pure gauge theory of scale $\La\sim 10^{-6} M_p$ is lacking an explanation of the (Gaussian) spatial curvature perturbations needed to seed the formation of large-scale structure after ... More

The Sketch of a Polymorphic SymphonyApr 08 2002Nov 01 2002In previous work, we have introduced functional strategies, that is, first-class generic functions that can traverse into terms of any type while mixing uniform and type-specific behaviour. In the present paper, we give a detailed description of one particular ... More

The future is noisy: on the role of spatial fluctuations in genetic switchingJul 24 2001A genetic switch may be realised by a certain operator sector on the DNA strand from which either genetic code, to the left or to the right of this operator sector, can be transcribed and the corresponding information processed. This switch is controlled ... More

Gauge Coupling Unification in General SUSY ModelsJun 12 1995We study the effects of additional fields on the unification of gauge couplings in supersymmetric models. We find that the effects are quite constrained by the requirement of SU(5) gauge invariance. In general, we find that any extension of the MSSM will ... More

On the fine-tuning problem in minimal SO(10) SUSY-GUTMay 09 1994Jun 19 1995In grand unified theories (GUT) based on SO(10) all fermions of one generation are embedded in a single representation. As a result, the top quark, the bottom quark, and the $\tau$ lepton have a universal Yukawa coupling at the GUT scale. This implies ... More

The Next-to-Minimal Coleman-Weinberg ModelApr 10 1996Apr 11 1996In the standard model (SM) the condition that the Higgs mass parameter vanishes is stable under radiative corrections and yields a theory that can be renormalized using dimensional regularization. Thus, this model allows to predict the Higgs boson mass. ... More

Iterations of V and the core modelApr 06 2001Answering a question which was around for some while we prove that if \pi : V -> M is such that M is transitive and closed under \omega-sequences then the core model of M is an iterate of the core model of V.

More on mutual stationarityApr 06 2001Extending a result of Foreman and Magidor we prove that in the core model for almost linear iterations the following holds. There is a sequence (S^n_\alpha : n<\omega,\alpha>0) such that each individual S^n_\alpha is a stationary subset of \aleph_{\alpha+1} ... More

A more general method to classify up to equivariant KK-equivalence II: Computing obstruction classesSep 23 2018We describe Universal Coefficient Theorems for the equivariant Kasparov theory for C*-algebras with an action of the group of integers or over a unique path space, using KK-valued invariants. We compare the resulting classification up to equivariant KK-equivalence ... More

Sharps and the Σ^1_3 correctness of KJan 18 2002Steel and Welch have shown that K is \Sigma^1_3 correct if the reals are closed under sharps but 0^\pistol doesn't exist. We'll give a simple and purely combinatorial proof of the following: K is \Sigma^1_3 correct if the reals are closed under sharps, ... More

A simple proof of Σ^1_3 correctness of KJan 09 2002We present a simple and purely combinatorial proof of Steel's result according to which the core model is \Sigma^1_3 correct under the appropriate hypotheses.

Representations of *-algebras by unbounded operators: C*-hulls, local-global principle, and inductionJul 15 2016Jul 27 2017We define a C*-hull for a *-algebra, given a notion of integrability for its representations on Hilbert modules. We establish a local-global principle which, in many cases, characterises integrable representations on Hilbert modules through the integrable ... More

A more general method to classify up to equivariant KK-equivalence II: Computing obstruction classesSep 23 2018Apr 27 2019We describe Universal Coefficient Theorems for the equivariant Kasparov theory for C*-algebras with an action of the group of integers or over a unique path space, using KK-valued invariants. We compare the resulting classification up to equivariant KK-equivalence ... More

Equivariant Algebraic Morse TheoryMar 24 2018Dec 17 2018In this paper we develop Algebraic Morse Theory for the case where a group acts on a free chain complex. Algebraic Morse Theory is an adaption of Discrete Morse Theory to free chain complexes.

A survey of methods to ease the development of highly multilingual text mining applicationsJan 13 2014Multilingual text processing is useful because the information content found in different languages is complementary, both regarding facts and opinions. While Information Extraction and other text mining software can, in principle, be developed for many ... More

A cluster expansion formula ($A_n$ case)Nov 30 2006Feb 08 2007We consider the Ptolemy cluster algebras, which are cluster algebras of finite type $A$ (with non-trivial coefficients) that have been described by Fomin and Zelevinsky using triangulations of a regular polygon. Given any seed $\zS$ in a Ptolemy cluster ... More

Embeddings of derived categories of bornological modulesOct 28 2004Let A be an algebra with a countable basis and let B be, say, a Frechet algebra that contains A as a dense subalgebra. This embedding induces a functor from the derived category of B-modules to the derived category of A-modules. In many important examples, ... More

Manifold interpolation and model reductionFeb 18 2019One approach to parametric and adaptive model reduction is via the interpolation of orthogonal bases, subspaces or positive definite system matrices. In all these cases, the sampled inputs stem from matrix sets that feature a geometric structure and thus ... More

A spectral interpretation for the zeros of the Riemann zeta functionDec 14 2004Aug 27 2013Based on work of Alain Connes, I have constructed a spectral interpretation for zeros of L-functions. Here we specialise this construction to the Riemann zeta function. We construct an operator on a nuclear Frechet space whose spectrum is the set of non-trivial ... More

Homological algebra in bivariant K-theory and other triangulated categories. IIJan 09 2008Dec 12 2008We use homological ideals in triangulated categories to get a sufficient criterion for a pair of subcategories in a triangulated category to be complementary. We apply this criterion to construct the Baum-Connes assembly map for locally compact groups ... More

Theory of Soft Electromagnetic Emission in Heavy-Ion CollisionsOct 19 2011A status report of utilizing soft electromagnetic radiation (aka thermal photons and dileptons) in the diagnosis of strongly interacting matter in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions is given. After briefly elaborating on relations of the electromagnetic ... More

Synchronization Transition in the Kuramoto Model with Colored NoiseMar 08 2010We present a linear stability analysis of the incoherent state in a system of globally coupled, identical phase oscillators subject to colored noise. In that we succeed to bridge the extreme time scales between the formerly studied and analytically solvable ... More

Dileptons, Charm and Charmonium at Finite Temperature and Chemical PotentialAug 23 2009We discuss how dileptons, open charm and charmonia may be utilized in heavy-ion collisions to extract information specific to hot and dense matter at finite quark chemical potential, $\mu_q$. For each observable we briefly discuss underlying theoretical ... More

Fluid dynamics of planetary icesMar 23 2009The role of water ice in the solar system is reviewed from a fluid-dynamical point of view. On Earth and Mars, water ice forms ice sheets, ice caps and glaciers at the surface, which show glacial flow under their own weight. By contrast, water ice is ... More

Quantum graphs and their spectraOct 17 2011We show that families of leafless quantum graphs that are isospectral for the standard Laplacian are finite. We show that the minimum edge length is a spectral invariant. We give an upper bound for the size of isospectral families in terms of the total ... More

Violations of Einstein's Relativity: Motivations, Theory, and PhenomenologyFeb 17 2011One of the most difficult questions in present-day physics concerns a fundamental theory of space, time, and matter that incorporates a consistent quantum description of gravity. There are various theoretical approaches to such a quantum-gravity theory. ... More

Theory of Heavy Flavor in the Quark-Gluon PlasmaJan 27 2011Heavy-quark interactions in the Quark-Gluon Plasma are analyzed in terms of a selfconsistent Brueckner scheme using a thermodynamic $T$-matrix based on a potential model. The interrelations between quarkonium correlators, spectral functions and zero-modes, ... More

Mass Spectra from Turbulent FragmentationJun 19 2001Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass from the surrounding cloud material. Molecular cloud regions without turbulent driving sources, or where turbulence is driven on large scales, ... More

A Model for Dwarf Spheroidal Satellite Galaxies without Dark MatterJan 09 1998Self-consistent simulations of the dynamical evolution of low-mass satellite galaxies without dark matter on different orbits interacting with an extended Galactic dark halo are described. The calculations proceed for many orbital periods until well after ... More

The Formation of Stellar Clusters: Mass Spectra from Turbulent Molecular Cloud FragmentationApr 07 2001Turbulent fragmentation determines where and when protostellar cores form, and how they contract and grow in mass from the surrounding cloud material. This process is investigated, using numerical models of self-gravitating molecular cloud dynamics. Molecular ... More

On near Chandrasekhar mass central stars of planetary nebulaeMar 23 2006A recent spectroscopic analysis of central stars of planetary nebulae (CSPNe) claims that the sample includes five CSPNe with masses very close to the Chandrasekhar limit of white dwarfs. This claim should be verified or discarded from the available kinematical ... More

Spectroscopic investigation of old planetaries IV. Model atmosphere analysisAug 17 1999The results of a NLTE model atmosphere analysis of 27 hydrogen-rich central stars of old planetary nebulae (PN) are reported. These stars were selected from a previous paper in this series, where we gave classifications for a total of 38 central stars. ... More

Yang-Mills thermodynamics: The preconfining phaseJul 13 2005Nov 27 2006We summarize recent nonperturbative results obtained for the thermodynamics of an SU(2) and an SU(3) Yang-Mills theory being in its preconfining (magnetic) phase. We focus on an explanation of the involved concepts and derivations, and we avoid technical ... More

Analytical approach to SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamicsAug 10 2004We propose an analytical approach to SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics. The existence of a macroscopic and rigid adjoint Higgs field, generated by dilute trivial-holonomy calorons at large temperature $T$ (electric phase), implies a twofold degeneracy of ... More

Galaxies in the infraredJul 21 2000The mid infrared spectra of the starbursts show the 9.7$\mu m$ silicate absorption feature and strong mid infrared emission bands centered at 6.2, 7.7, and 11.3 $\mu$m. Illustrative models of the {\it active} galaxies are presented: As the starbursts ... More

Update on Chiral Symmetry Restoration in the Context of Dilepton DataOct 13 2012We evaluate currently available information on low-mass dilepton and direct-photon emission spectra measured in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. In the first part an attempt is made to develop a consistent picture of the in-medium effects on the ... More

On the Particle Definition in the presence of Black HolesMar 07 2000Oct 23 2000A canonical particle definition via the diagonalisation of the Hamiltonian for a quantum field theory in specific curved space-times is presented. Within the provided approach radial ingoing or outgoing Minkowski particles do not exist. An application ... More

Object Detection based on Region Decomposition and AssemblyJan 24 2019Region-based object detection infers object regions for one or more categories in an image. Due to the recent advances in deep learning and region proposal methods, object detectors based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been flourishing and ... More

Photo- and electroproduction of $Λ(1405)$ via $γ^{(*)}p\to K^+π^+Σ^-$Jun 17 2017Oct 11 2017In this work, we perform a \textit{toy-model} analysis for the unpolarized photo- and electroproduction of $\Lambda(1405)\equiv\Lambda^*$ via $\gamma^{(*)}p\to K^+\pi^+\Sigma^-$ by employing the effective Lagrangian approach at the tree level only. We ... More

Necessary conditions for optimality of decomposable entanglement witnessesAug 02 2011Apr 27 2012It is well known that the support of an optimal decomposable entanglement witness is completely entangled. We add two more necessary conditions for the optimality: The orthogonal complement of the support must have a nonzero product vector; another one ... More

On neoclassical impurity transport in stellarator geometrySep 10 2012Apr 03 2013The impurity dynamics in stellarators has become an issue of moderate concern due to the inherent tendency of the impurities to accumulate in the core when the neoclassical ambipolar radial electric field points radially inwards (ion root regime). This ... More

Positivity of Cylindric skew Schur functionsJun 14 2017Cylindric skew Schur functions, a generalization of skew Schur functions, are closely related to the famous problem finding a combinatorial formula for the 3-point Gromov-Witten invariants of Grassmannian. In this paper, we prove cylindric Schur positivity ... More