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Physics GRE Scores of Prize Postdoctoral Fellows in AstronomyDec 10 2015The Physics GRE is currently a required element of the graduate admissions process in nearly all U.S. astronomy programs; however, its predictive power and utility as a means of selecting "successful" applicants has never been examined. We circulated ... More

One Plane for All: Massive Star-Forming and Quiescent Galaxies Lie on the Same Mass Fundamental Plane at z~0 and z~0.7Oct 21 2014Scaling relations between galaxy structures and dynamics have been studied extensively for early and late-type galaxies, both in the local universe and at high redshifts. The abundant differences between the properties of disky and elliptical, or star-forming ... More

Evolution of Quiescent and Star-Forming Galaxies Since z~1.5 as a Function of Their Velocity DispersionsSep 28 2012We measure stellar masses and structural parameters for 5,500 quiescent and 20,000 star-forming galaxies at 0.3<z\leq1.5 in the Newfirm Medium Band Survey COSMOS and UKIDSS UDS fields. We combine these measurements to infer velocity dispersions and determine ... More

Fast Flexible Function Dispatch in JuliaAug 09 2018Technical computing is a challenging application area for programming languages to address. This is evinced by the unusually large number of specialized languages in the area (e.g. MATLAB, R), and the complexity of common software stacks, often involving ... More

The Age Spread of Quiescent Galaxies with the NEWFIRM Medium-band Survey: Identification of the Oldest Galaxies out to z~2Jun 28 2010With a complete, mass-selected sample of quiescent galaxies from the NEWFIRM Medium-Band Survey (NMBS), we study the stellar populations of the oldest and most massive galaxies (>10^11 Msun) to high redshift. The sample includes 570 quiescent galaxies ... More

An Ultra Deep Field survey with WFIRSTMar 14 2019Mar 19 2019Studying the formation and evolution of galaxies at the earliest cosmic times, and their role in reionization, requires the deepest imaging possible. Ultra-deep surveys like the HUDF and HFF have pushed to mag \mAB$\,\sim\,$30, revealing galaxies at the ... More

Julia: A Fresh Approach to Numerical ComputingNov 06 2014Jul 19 2015Bridging cultures that have often been distant, Julia combines expertise from the diverse fields of computer science and computational science to create a new approach to numerical computing. Julia is designed to be easy and fast. Julia questions notions ... More

The Frequency of Tidal Features Associated with Nearby Luminous Elliptical Galaxies from a Statistically Complete SampleAug 10 2009We present a deep broadband optical imaging study of a complete sample of luminous elliptical galaxies (M_B<-20) at distances 15 Mpc - 50 Mpc, selected from the Tully catalog of nearby galaxies. The images are flat to ~0.35% across the 20' field and reach ... More

A Nearby Analog of z~2 Compact Quiescent Galaxies with a Rotating DiskMar 06 2012Recent studies have identified a population of compact quiescent galaxies at z\sim2. These galaxies are very rare today and establishing the existence of a nearby analog could allow us to study its structure in greater detail than is possible at high ... More

The velocity function of dark matter halos at r=20 kpc: Remarkably little evolution since z ~ 4Jan 10 2013We investigate the evolution in the dark matter halo circular velocity function, measured at a fixed physical radius of 20 kpc (v_20), which is likely to be a good proxy for galaxy circular velocity, in the Millennium-II simulation. We find that the v_20 ... More

Julia: A Fast Dynamic Language for Technical ComputingSep 24 2012Dynamic languages have become popular for scientific computing. They are generally considered highly productive, but lacking in performance. This paper presents Julia, a new dynamic language for technical computing, designed for performance from the beginning ... More

Array operators using multiple dispatch: a design methodology for array implementations in dynamic languagesJul 14 2014Arrays are such a rich and fundamental data type that they tend to be built into a language, either in the compiler or in a large low-level library. Defining this functionality at the user level instead provides greater flexibility for application domains ... More

The VLT LEGA-C Spectroscopic Survey: The Physics of Galaxies at a Lookback Time of 7 GyrMar 17 2016The Large Early Galaxy Census (LEGA-C) is a Public Spectroscopic Survey of $\sim3200$ $K$-band selected galaxies at redshifts $z=0.6-1.0$ with stellar masses M_star > 1e10M_sun, conducted with VIMOS on ESO's Very Large Telescope. The survey is embedded ... More

Galaxy Structure as a Driver of the Star Formation Sequence Slope and ScatterAug 19 2015It is well established that (1) star-forming galaxies follow a relation between their star formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass (M$_{\star}$), the "star-formation sequence", and (2) the SFRs of galaxies correlate with their structure, where star-forming ... More

Massive and Newly Dead: Discovery of a Significant Population of Galaxies with High Velocity Dispersions and Strong Balmer Lines at z~1.5 from Deep Keck Spectra and HST/WFC3 ImagingOct 26 2012We present deep Keck/LRIS spectroscopy and HST/WFC3 imaging in the rest-frame optical for a sample of eight galaxies at z~1.5 with high photometrically-determined stellar masses. The data are combined with VLT/XShooter spectra of five galaxies from van ... More

Extremely Low Molecular Gas Content in a Compact, Quiescent Galaxy at z=1.522Feb 25 2019One of the greatest challenges to theoretical models of massive galaxy formation is the regulation of star formation at early times. The relative roles of molecular gas expulsion, depletion, and stabilization are uncertain as direct observational constraints ... More

Tight Correlations Between Massive Galaxy Structural Properties and Dynamics: The Mass Fundamental Plane Was in Place by z~2Sep 25 2013The Fundamental Plane (FP) is an empirical relation between the size, surface brightness, and velocity dispersion of early-type galaxies. This relation has been studied extensively for early-type galaxies in the local universe to constrain galaxy formation ... More

The Relation between Dynamical Mass-to-Light Ratio and Color for Massive Quiescent Galaxies out to z~2 and Comparison with Stellar Population Synthesis ModelsNov 19 2014We explore the relation between the dynamical mass-to-light ratio ($M/L$) and rest-frame color of massive quiescent galaxies out to z~2. We use a galaxy sample with measured stellar velocity dispersions in combination with Hubble Space Telescope and ground-based ... More

The Fundamental Plane of massive quiescent galaxies out to z~2Sep 08 2014The Fundamental Plane (FP) of early-type galaxies, relating the effective radius, velocity dispersion, and surface brightness, has long been recognized as a unique tool for analyzing galaxy structure and evolution. With the discovery of distant quiescent ... More

The Relation Between Compact, Quiescent High Redshift Galaxies and Massive Nearby Elliptical Galaxies: Evidence for Hierarchical, Inside-Out GrowthMar 12 2009Mar 19 2009Recent studies have shown that massive quiescent galaxies at high redshift are much more compact than present-day galaxies of the same mass. Here we compare the radial stellar density profiles and the number density of a sample of massive galaxies at ... More

A Large Population of Massive Compact Post-Starburst Galaxies at z>1: Implications for the Size Evolution and Quenching Mechanism of Quiescent GalaxiesDec 01 2011Dec 08 2011We study the growth of the red sequence through the number density and structural evolution of a sample of young and old quiescent galaxies at 0<z<2. The galaxies are selected from the NEWFIRM Medium-Band Survey (NMBS) in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) ... More

Massive quenched galaxies at z~0.7 retain large molecular gas reservoirsAug 10 2017The physical mechanisms that quench star formation, turning blue star-forming galaxies into red quiescent galaxies, remain unclear. In this Letter, we investigate the role of gas supply in suppressing star formation by studying the molecular gas content ... More

Morphology Dependence Of Stellar Age in Quenched Galaxies at Redshift ~ 1.2: Massive Compact Galaxies Are Older Than More Extended OnesJul 20 2016We report the detection of morphology-dependent stellar age in massive quenched galaxies at redshift z~1.2. The sense of the dependence is that compact quenched galaxies are 0.5-2 Gyr older than normal-sized ones. The evidence comes from three different ... More

Low Gas Fractions Connect Compact Star-Forming Galaxies to their z ~ 2 Quiescent DescendantsJul 06 2016Sep 16 2016Early quiescent galaxies at z~2 are known to be remarkably compact compared to their nearby counterparts. Possible progenitors of these systems include galaxies that are structurally similar, but are still rapidly forming stars. Here, we present Karl ... More

Morphology Dependence Of Stellar Age in Quenched Galaxies at Redshift ~ 1.2: Massive Compact Galaxies Are Older Than More Extended OnesJul 20 2016Mar 09 2017We report the detection of morphology dependent stellar age in massive quenched galaxies (QGs) at z~1.2. The sense of the dependence is that compact QGs are 0.5-2 Gyr older than normal-sized ones. The evidence comes from three different age indicators, ... More

An Ultra Deep Field survey with WFIRST: Astro2020Mar 14 2019Studying the formation and evolution of galaxies at the earliest cosmic times, and their role in reionization, requires the deepest imaging possible. Ultra-deep surveys like the HUDF and HFF have pushed to mag \mAB$\,\sim\,$30, revealing galaxies at the ... More

Stellar Kinematics of z~2 Galaxies and the Inside-Out Growth of Quiescent GalaxiesNov 14 2012Jun 06 2013Using stellar kinematics measurements, we investigate the growth of massive, quiescent galaxies from z~2 to today. We present X-Shooter spectra from the UV to NIR and dynamical mass measurements of 5 quiescent massive (>10^11 Msun) galaxies at z~2. This ... More

Galaxy Interactions Trigger Rapid Black Hole Growth: an unprecedented view from the Hyper Suprime-Cam SurveyJun 22 2017Dec 08 2017Collisions and interactions between gas-rich galaxies are thought to be pivotal stages in their formation and evolution, causing the rapid production of new stars, and possibly serving as a mechanism for fueling supermassive black holes (BH). Harnessing ... More

The stellar velocity dispersion of a compact massive galaxy at z=1.80 using X-Shooter: confirmation of the evolution in the mass-size and mass-dispersion relationsApr 19 2011Jun 01 2011Recent photometric studies have shown that early-type galaxies at fixed stellar mass were smaller and denser at earlier times. In this paper we assess that finding by deriving the dynamical mass of such a compact quiescent galaxy at z=1.8. We have obtained ... More

Stellar and Molecular Gas Rotation in a Recently-Quenched Massive Galaxy at z~0.7Apr 26 2018The process by which massive galaxies transition from blue, star-forming disks into red, quiescent galaxies remains one of the most poorly-understood aspects of galaxy evolution. In this investigation, we attempt to gain a better understanding of how ... More

Leveraging 3D-HST Grism Redshifts to Quantify Photometric Redshift PerformanceOct 23 2015We present a study of photometric redshift accuracy in the 3D-HST photometric catalogs, using 3D-HST grism redshifts to quantify and dissect trends in redshift accuracy for galaxies brighter than $H_{F140W}<24$ with an unprecedented and representative ... More

An Absence of Radio-Loud Active Galactic Nuclei in Geometrically Flat Quiescent Galaxies: Implications for Maintenance-Mode Feedback ModelsFeb 01 2019Feb 05 2019Maintenance-mode feedback from low-accretion rate AGN, manifesting itself observationally through radio-loudness, is invoked in all cosmological galaxy formation models as a mechanism that prevents excessive star-formation in massive galaxies (M$_*$ $\gtrsim$ ... More

Rejuvenation in $z\sim0.8$ quiescent galaxies in LEGA-CMay 18 2019We use reconstructed star-formation histories (SFHs) of quiescent galaxies at $z=0.6-1$ in the LEGA-C survey to identify secondary star-formation episodes that, after an initial period of quiescence, moved the galaxies back to the star-forming main sequence ... More

Predicting Quiescence: The Dependence of Specific Star Formation Rate on Galaxy Size and Central Density at 0.5<z<2.5Jul 11 2016Feb 21 2017In this paper, we investigate the relationship between star formation and structure, using a mass-complete sample of 27,893 galaxies at $0.5<z<2.5$ selected from 3D-HST. We confirm that star-forming galaxies are larger than quiescent galaxies at fixed ... More

The Growth of Massive Galaxies Since z=2Dec 03 2009We study the growth of massive galaxies from z=2 to the present using data from the NEWFIRM Medium Band Survey. The sample is selected at a constant number density of n=2x10^-4 Mpc^-3, so that galaxies at different epochs can be compared in a meaningful ... More

Redshift Evolution of the Galaxy Velocity Dispersion FunctionJul 05 2011We present a study of the evolution of the galaxy Velocity Dispersion Function (VDF) from z=0 to z=1.5 using photometric data from the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey (UDS) and Newfirm Medium Band Survey (NMBS) COSMOS surveys. The VDF has been measured locally ... More

Near-infrared spectroscopy of 5 ultra-massive galaxies at 1.7 < z < 2.7Feb 14 2017We present the results of a pilot near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic campaign of five very massive galaxies ($\log(\text{M}_\star/\text{M}_\odot)>11.45$) in the range of $1.7<z<2.7$. We measure an absorption feature redshift for one galaxy at $z_\text{spec}=2.000\pm0.006$. ... More

Predicting Quiescence: The Dependence of Specific Star Formation Rate on Galaxy Size and Central Density at 0.5<z<2.5Jul 11 2016Oct 05 2016In this paper, we investigate the relationship between star formation and structure, using a mass-complete sample of 27,893 galaxies at $0.5<z<2.5$ selected from 3D-HST. We confirm that star-forming galaxies are larger than quiescent galaxies at fixed ... More

Molecular Gas Contents and Scaling Relations for Massive Passive Galaxies at Intermediate Redshifts from the LEGA-C SurveyMay 07 2018A decade of study has established that the molecular gas properties of star-forming galaxies follow coherent scaling relations out to z~3, suggesting remarkable regularity of the interplay between molecular gas, star formation, and stellar growth. Passive ... More

Fast and slow paths to quiescence: ages and sizes of 400 quiescent galaxies from the LEGA-C surveySep 04 2018Oct 11 2018We analyze stellar age indicators (D$_n$4000 and EW(H$\delta$)) and sizes of 467 quiescent galaxies with $M_\ast \geq 10^{10} M_\odot$ at $z\sim0.7$ drawn from DR2 of the LEGA-C survey. Interpreting index variations in terms of equivalent single stellar ... More

COSMOS-DASH: The Evolution of the Galaxy Size-Mass Relation Since z~3 from new Wide Field WFC3 Imaging Combined with CANDELS/3DHSTAug 13 2018We present COSMOS-Drift And SHift (DASH), a Hubble Space Telescope WFC3 imaging survey of the COSMOS field in the H_160 filter. The survey comprises 456 individual WFC3 pointings corresponding to an area of 0.49 deg^2 (0.66 deg^2 when including archival ... More

A Massive Galaxy in its Core Formation Phase Three Billion Years After the Big BangJun 12 2014Most massive galaxies are thought to have formed their dense stellar cores at early cosmic epochs. However, cores in their formation phase have not yet been observed. Previous studies have found galaxies with high gas velocity dispersions or small apparent ... More

Exploring the chemical link between local ellipticals and their high-redshift progenitorsOct 25 2013We present Keck/MOSFIRE K-band spectroscopy of the first mass-selected sample of galaxies at $z\sim2.3$. Targets are selected from the 3D-HST Treasury survey. The six detected galaxies have a mean [NII]$\lambda$6584/H$\alpha$ ratio of $0.27\pm0.01$, with ... More

Spatially resolved Halpha maps and sizes of 57 strongly star-forming galaxies at z~1 from 3D-HST: evidence for rapid inside-out assembly of disk galaxiesFeb 08 2012We investigate the build-up of galaxies at z~1 using maps of Halpha and stellar continuum emission for a sample of 57 galaxies with rest-frame Halpha equivalent widths >100 Angstroms in the 3D-HST grism survey. We find that the Halpha emission broadly ... More

HST F160W Imaging of Very Massive Galaxies at $1.5<z<3.0$: Diversity of Structures and the Effect of Close Pairs on Number Density EstimatesAug 09 2018We present a targeted follow-up Hubble Space Telescope WFC3 F160W imaging study of very massive galaxies $(\log(M_{\rm{star}}/M_{\odot})> 11.2)$ selected from a combination of ground-based near-infrared galaxy surveys (UltraVISTA, NMBS-II, UKIDSS UDS) ... More

Was ordinary matter synthesised from mirror matter? An attempt to explain why $Ω_{Baryon} \approx 0.2Ω_{Dark}$Apr 28 2003Jun 03 2003The cosmological dust has begun to settle. A likely picture is a universe comprised (predominantly) of three components: ordinary baryons ($\Omega_B \approx 0.05$), non-baryonic dark matter ($\Omega_{Dark} \approx 0.22$) and dark energy ($\Omega_{\Lambda} ... More

How neutrino oscillations can induce an effective neutrino number of less than 3 during Big Bang NucleosynthesisJun 04 1997Ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations can generate significant neutrino asymmetry in the early Universe. In this paper we extend this work by computing the evolution of neutrino asymmetries and light element abundances during the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis ... More

Maximal neutrino oscillation solution to the solar neutrino problemOct 17 1995We discuss a simple predictive solution to the solar neutrino problem based on maximal vacuum neutrino oscillations. The solution can be motivated by the exact parity symmetric model which predicts that the neutrino mass eigenstates are maximal mixtures ... More

A mirror world explanation for the Pioneer spacecraft anomalies?Aug 06 2001We show that the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft can be explained if there is some mirror gas or mirror dust in our solar system.

The exact parity symmetric model and big bang nucleosynthesisDec 04 1996The assumption of exact, unbroken parity symmetry leads directly to a simple predictive resolution of the atmospheric and solar neutrino puzzles. This is because the existence of this symmetry implies the existence of a set of mirror neutrinos which must ... More

Spheroidal galactic halos and mirror dark matterJul 26 2004Mirror matter has been proposed as a dark matter candidate. It has several very attractive features, including automatic stability and darkness, the ability to mimic the broad features of cold dark matter while in the linear density perturbation regime, ... More

New and improved quark-lepton symmetric modelsMay 18 1995We show how the use of a see-saw mechanism based on a $3 \times 3$ neutrino mass matrix texture can considerably simplify Higgs sectors for quark-lepton symmetric models (and for Standard Model extensions generally). The main theory we discuss also incorporates ... More

Reconciling sterile neutrinos with big bang nucleosynthesisAug 10 1995Nov 08 1995We re-examine the big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) bounds on the mixing of neutrinos with sterile species. These bounds depend on the assumption that the relic neutrino asymmetry $L_{\nu}$ is very small. We show that for $L_{\nu}$ large enough (greater ... More

Implications of mirror neutrinos for early universe cosmologyApr 15 1999The Exact Parity Model (EPM) is, in part, a theory of neutrino mass and mixing that can solve the atmospheric, solar and LSND anomalies. The central feature of the neutrino sector is three pairs of maximally mixed ordinary and mirror neutrinos. It has ... More

Generalised leptonic colourJul 05 2006Dec 06 2006It is conceivable that there is an $SU(N)_{\ell}$ `colour' gauge group for leptons, analogous to the gauged $SU(3)_q$ colour group of the quarks. The standard model emerges as the low energy effective theory when the leptonic colour is spontaneously broken. ... More

Natural electroweak symmetry breaking in generalised mirror matter modelsOct 02 2006Nov 28 2006It has recently been pointed out that the mirror or twin Higgs model is more technically natural than the standard model, thus alleviating the ``little'' hierarchy problem. In this paper we generalise the analysis to models with an arbitrary number of ... More

Studies of neutrino asymmetries generated by ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations in the early universe and implications for big bang nucleosynthesis boundsOct 03 1996Nov 19 1996Ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations can generate a significant lepton number asymmetry in the early Universe. We study this phenomenon in detail. We show that the dynamics of ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations in the early Universe can be approximately ... More

Do the SuperKamiokande atmospheric neutrino results explain electric charge quantisation?Aug 24 1998We show that the SuperKamiokande atmospheric neutrino results explain electric charge quantisation, provided that the oscillation mode is $\nu_{\mu} \to \nu_{\tau}$ and that the neutrino mass is of Majorana type.

Neutrino physics and the mirror world: how exact parity symmetry explains the solar neutrino deficit, the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and the LSND experimentMay 23 1995Nov 08 1995Evidence for $\bar \nu_{\mu} \rightarrow \bar \nu_e$ oscillations has been reported at LAMPF using the LSND detector. Further evidence for neutrino mixing comes from the solar neutrino deficit and the atmospheric neutrino anomaly. All of these anomalies ... More

Comment on "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Active-Sterile Neutrino Mixing: Evidence for Maximal $ν_μ\leftrightarrow ν_τ$ Mixing in Super Kamiokande?"Nov 04 1998The paper "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Active-Sterile Neutrino Mixing: Evidence for Maximal $\nu_\mu \leftrightarrow \nu_\tau$ Mixing in Super Kamiokande?" by X. Shi and G. M. Fuller (astro-ph/9810075) discusses the cosmological implications of the $\nu_\mu ... More

Explaining $Ω_{Baryon} \approx 0.2 Ω_{Dark}$ through the synthesis of ordinary matter from mirror matter: a more general analysisFeb 25 2004Mar 25 2004The emerging cosmological picture is of a spatially flat universe composed predominantly of three components: ordinary baryons ($\Omega_B \approx 0.05$), non-baryonic dark matter ($\Omega_{Dark} \approx 0.22$) and dark energy ($\Omega_{\Lambda} \approx ... More

The neutrino puzzle in the light of SNOApr 23 2002Jul 23 2002SNO's neutral current measurement has added a new piece to the emerging neutrino physics puzzle. Putting together the presently available experimental information, an essentially unique picture emerges: The solar neutrino anomaly is explained by nu_e ... More

Legendrian contact homology and topological entropySep 12 2014Apr 23 2016In this paper we study the growth rate of a version of Legendrian contact homology, which we call strip Legendrian contact homology, in 3-dimensional contact manifolds and its relation to the topological entropy of Reeb flows. We show that: if for a pair ... More

The heat-kernel and the average effective potentialMay 29 1995We discuss the definition of the average effective action in terms of the heat-kernel. As an example we examine a model describing a self-interacting scalar field, both in flat and curved background, and study the renormalization group flow of some of ... More

The renormalization group flow of the dilaton potentialDec 20 1994We consider a scalar-metric gauge theory of gravity with independent metric, connection and dilaton. The role of the dilaton is to provide the scale of all masses, via its vacuum expectation value. In this theory, we study the renormalization group flow ... More

Ordinary-derivative formulation of conformal low-spin fieldsJul 30 2007Nov 14 2011Conformal fields in flat space-time of even dimension greater than or equal to four are studied. Second-derivative formulation for spin 0,1,2 conformal bosonic fields and first-derivative formulation for spin 1/2,3/2 conformal fermionic fields are developed. ... More

Gravitational and higher-derivative interactions of massive spin 5/2 field in (A)dS spaceDec 27 2006Sep 10 2007Using on-shell gauge invariant formulation of relativistic dynamics we study interaction vertices for a massive spin 5/2 Dirac field propagating in (A)dS space of dimension greater than or equal to four. Gravitational interaction vertex for the massive ... More

CFT adapted gauge invariant formulation of arbitrary spin fields in AdS and modified de Donder gaugeAug 28 2008Jan 22 2009Using Poincare parametrization of AdS space, we study totally symmetric arbitrary spin massless fields in AdS space of dimension greater than or equal to four. CFT adapted gauge invariant formulation for such fields is developed. Gauge symmetries are ... More

CFT adapted approach to massless fermionic fields, AdS/CFT, and fermionic conformal fieldsNov 28 2013Dec 10 2013Fermionic totally symmetric arbitrary spin massless fields in AdS space of dimension greater than or equal to four are studied. Using Poincar\'e parametrization of AdS space, CFT adapted gauge invariant formulation for such fields is developed. We demonstrate ... More

The Color-Flavor Locking Phase at T \not =0$Sep 17 1999Nov 03 1999We study the color-flavor locked phase of QCD with three massless quarks at high chemical potential and small non zero temperatures. We make use of the recently introduced effective action to describe such a phase. We obtain the exact order T^2 behaviour ... More

TARCER - A Mathematica program for the reduction of two-loop propagator integralsJan 21 1998TARCER is an implementation of the recurrence algorithm of O.V. Tarasov for the reduction of two-loop propagator integrals with arbitrary masses to a small set of basis integrals. The tensor integral reduction scheme is adapted to moment integrals emerging ... More

Implications of the JHF-Kamioka neutrino oscillation experimentNov 20 2002After quickly reviewing the existing evidence for neutrino oscillations, I summarise the goals and capabilities of the JHF-Kamioka long baseline superbeam experiment. Theoretical implications of what this experiment could potentially discover are then ... More

Testing the paradigm of adiabaticityFeb 02 2004We introduce the concepts of adiabatic (curvature) and isocurvature (entropy) cosmological perturbations and present their relevance for parameter estimation from cosmic microwave background anisotropies data. We emphasize that, while present-day data ... More

Automated Checking and Visualization of Interlocks in the ISAC Control SystemNov 09 2001The EPICS based control system of the ISAC radioactive beam facility supervises several sub-systems, which are controlled by PLCs. Most of the devices are protected by non-trivial interlocks, which are implemented with ladder-logic software. Detailed ... More

On the q-analogues of the Zassenhaus formula for dientangling exponential operatorsDec 24 2002Apr 28 2003Katriel, Rasetti and Solomon introduced a $q$-analogue of the Zassenhaus formula written as $e_q^{(A+B)}$ $=$ $e_q^Ae_q^Be_q^{c_2}e_q^{c_3}e_q^{c_4}e_q^{c_5}...$, where $A$ and $B$ are two generally noncommuting operators and $e_q^z$ is the Jackson $q$-exponential, ... More

Casimir-Polder force density between an atom and a conducting wallNov 14 2006In this paper we calculate the Casimir-Polder force density (force per unit area acting on the elements of the surface) on a metallic plate placed in front of a neutral atom. To obtain the force density we use the quantum operator associated to the electromagnetic ... More

An Algorithm for the Microscopic Evaluation of the Coefficients of the Seiberg-Witten PrepotentialAug 25 2002Sep 14 2002A procedure, allowing to calculate the coefficients of the SW prepotential in the framework of the instanton calculus is presented. As a demonstration explicit calculations for 2, 3 and 4- instanton contributions are carried out.

Extremal size fluctuations in QCD dipole cascadingFeb 07 2005Oct 28 2005This paper has been superseded by hep-ph/0510352.

Free Fields Equations For Space-Time Algebras With Tensorial MomentumDec 25 2001Free field equations, with various spins, for space-time algebras with second-rank tensor (instead of usual vector) momentum are constructed. Similar algebras are appearing in superstring/M theories. The most attention is payed to the gauge invariance ... More

On the Evolution of Scalar Metric Perturbations in an Inflationary CosmologySep 15 1995We further clarify how scalar metric perturbations are amplified in an inflationary cosmology. We first construct a simple, analytic model of an inflationary cosmology in which the expansion scale factor evolves continuously from an inflationary era to ... More

Breakup Reactions of Drip Line NucleiOct 18 2003Oct 28 2003The formal theory of breakup reactions is reviewed. The direct breakup mechanism which is formulated within the framework of the post form distorted wave Born approximation is discussed in detail. In this theory, which requires the information about only ... More

Fluid Limits of Pure Jump Markov Processes: a Practical GuideOct 08 2002Dec 23 2002A rescaled Markov chain converges uniformly in probability to the solution of an ordinary differential equation, under carefully specified assumptions. The presentation is much simpler than those in the outside literature. The result may be used to build ... More

Preliminary Investigation of a Waveform Analysis with the WASA and the ACQIRIS Readout ElectronicsJun 28 2013Jul 16 2013The Group for the development of neutron and gamma detectors in the Central Institute of Engineering, Electronics and Analytics (ZEA-2) at Forschungszentrum J\"ulich (FZJ) is developing a fast Anger Camera prototype for improving the rejection of the ... More

Groupoids Determined by Involutive Automorphisms on Semilattices of GroupsMar 01 2015Jun 02 2017We give several characterisations of groupoids determined by involutive automorphisms on semilattices of groups.

Comments on turbulence theory by Qian and by Edwards and McCombJul 04 2015We reexamine Liouville equation based turbulence theories proposed by Qian {[}Phys. Fluids \textbf{26}, 2098 (1983){]} and Edwards and McComb {[}J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. \textbf{2}, 157 (1969){]}, which are compatible with Kolmogorov spectrum. These theories ... More

Clarifying Einstein's First Derivation for Mass-Energy Equivalence and Consequently Making Ives's Criticism a VoidMay 06 2007We study physical situation considered by Einstein (Ann. Physik, 17, 1905) for his first derivation of mass-energy equivalence. Einstein introduced a constant $C$ in his derivation and reasoning surrounding $C$ and equations containing $C$ caused criticism ... More

Model representation for local energy transfer theory of isotropic turbulenceJan 16 2004An almost-Markovian model equation is proposed for Fourier modes of velocity field of isotropic turbulence whose statistical properties are identical to those governed by equations of Local Energy Transfer theory of turbulence [McComb et al., J. Fluid ... More

Modification in Silling's Peridynamic Formulation of Elasticity Theory for Discontinuities and Long-Range ForcesApr 03 2012Apr 04 2012We suggest modified version of Silling's peridynamic equation of motion within the framework of Silling's peridynamics formulation (J. Mech. Phys. Solids {\bf 48}, pp.175-209, 2000) of elasticity theory. The modified equation contains an additional damping ... More

Scaling of Spinodal Turbulence between Viscous and Inertial Hydrodynamic RegimesJun 27 2006The existence of unique scaling in a crossover regime between viscous and inertial hydrodynamic regimes is revealed for homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible, spinodal turbulence which is characterized, to begin with, by three different length scales ... More

Increased Crowding during Escape Panic and Suitable Strategy for its AvoidanceApr 11 2006Under panicky situation, human have tendency to rush toward a particular direction for escape. I show here that this tendency alone causes increase in crowding and which could eventually trigger jamming that is not preferable. Further, it is proposed ... More

Legendrian contact homology and topological entropySep 12 2014May 08 2017In this paper we study the growth rate of a version of Legendrian contact homology, which we call strip Legendrian contact homology, in 3-dimensional contact manifolds and its relation to the topological entropy of Reeb flows. We show that: if for a pair ... More

On Generalised Inflations of Right Modular GroupoidsNov 03 2012We prove that if a right modular groupoid U is cancellative or has a left identity then a right modular generalised inflation of U is an inflation of U.

Massive totally symmetric fields in AdS(d)Dec 27 2003Mar 02 2004Free totally symmetric arbitrary spin massive bosonic and fermionic fields propagating in AdS(d) are investigated. Using the light cone formulation of relativistic dynamics we study bosonic and fermionic fields on an equal footing. Light-cone gauge actions ... More

Cubic interaction vertices for massive and massless higher spin fieldsDec 29 2005Jun 06 2007Using the light-cone formulation of relativistic dynamics, we develop various methods for constructing cubic interaction vertices and apply these methods to the study of higher spin fields propagating in flat space of dimension greater than or equal to ... More

Mixed-symmetry massive fields in AdS(5)Dec 28 2004Jul 04 2005Free mixed-symmetry arbitrary spin massive bosonic and fermionic fields propagating in AdS(5) are investigated. Using the light-cone formulation of relativistic dynamics we study bosonic and fermionic fields on an equal footing. Light-cone gauge actions ... More

CFT adapted gauge invariant formulation of massive arbitrary spin fields in AdSJul 13 2009Mar 02 2010Using Poincare parametrization of AdS space, we study massive totally symmetric arbitrary spin fields in AdS space of dimension greater than or equal to four. CFT adapted gauge invariant formulation for such fields is developed. Gauge symmetries are realized ... More

Cubic interaction vertices for fermionic and bosonic arbitrary spin fieldsDec 20 2007Jan 26 2012Using the light-cone gauge approach to relativistic field dynamics, we study arbitrary spin fermionic and bosonic fields propagating in flat space of dimension greater than or equal to four. Generating functions of parity invariant cubic interaction vertices ... More

Effects of magnetic field induced chiral-spin interactions on quasi-one-dimensional spin systemsAug 09 2000It is known that in certain non-bipartite quasi-one dimensional spin systems in a magnetic field, in addition to the usual Pauli coupling of the spins to the field, new parity breaking three spin interactions, i.e. chiral spin interactions, are induced ... More

Quantum Mechanical Breaking of Local GL(4) InvarianceAug 29 1995We consider the gravitational coupling of a scalar field, in a reformulation of General Relativity exhibiting local GL(4) invariance at the classical level. We compute the one-loop contribution of the scalar to the quantum effective potential of the vierbein ... More

Average Effective Potential for the Conformal FactorMay 29 1993In a four dimensional theory of gravity with lagrangian quadratic in curvature and torsion, we compute the effective action for metrics of the form $g_{\mu\nu}=\rho^2\delta_{\mu\nu}$, with $\rho$ constant. Using standard field-theoretic methods we find ... More