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$p+^{4,6,8}He elastic scattering at intermediate energiesDec 02 2002Using a relativistic nuclear optical potential consisting of a Lorentz scalar, $V_{s}$, and the time-like component of a four-vector potential, $V_{0}$, we calculate elastic scattering differential cross sections and polarizations for $p+^{4}$He at intermediate ... More

Mixed magnetism, nanoscale electronic segregation and ubiquitous first order transitions in giant magnetocaloric MnFeSiP alloys detected by $^{55}$Mn NMRApr 26 2019We report on a study on a representative set of Fe$_{2}$P-based MnFePSi samples by means of $^{55}$Mn NMR in both zero and applied magnetic field. The first-order nature of the magnetic transition is demonstrated by truncated order parameter curves with ... More

A fast and parametric digitization for triple-GEM detectorsApr 12 2019Triple-GEM detectors are a well known technology in high energy physics. In order to have a complete understanding of their behavior, in parallel with on beam testing, a Monte Carlo code has to be developed to simulate their response to the passage of ... More

Absorption of Scintillation Light in a 100 $\ell$ Liquid Xenon$γ$ Ray Detector and Expected Detector PerformanceJul 07 2004An 800L liquid xenon scintillation $\gamma$ ray detector is being developed for the MEG experiment which will search for $\mu^+\to\mathrm{e}^+\gamma$ decay at the Paul Scherrer Institut. Absorption of scintillation light of xenon by impurities might possibly ... More

Pointlike Baryons?Dec 17 2008Jan 19 2009A peculiar feature, observed in the BaBar data on e+e- -> baryon-antibaryon cross sections, is the non-vanishing cross section at threshold for all these processes. This is the expectation due to the Coulomb enhancement factor acting on a charged fermion ... More

Disentangling amplitude and phase dynamics of a charge density wave in a photo-induced phase transitionJun 07 2018Upon excitation with an intense ultrafast laser pulse, a symmetry-broken ground state can undergo a non-equilibrium phase transition through pathways dissimilar from those in thermal equilibrium. Determining the mechanism underlying these photo-induced ... More

Unexpected features of e+e-->ppbar and e+e-->lambda-lambdabar cross sections near thresholdNov 12 2007Apr 01 2008Unexpected features of the BaBar data on e+e- in baryon-antibaryon cross sections are discussed. These data have been collected, with unprecedented accuracy, by means of the initial state radiation technique, which is particularly suitable in giving good ... More

Teaching machines to understand data science code by semantic enrichment of dataflow graphsJul 16 2018Jan 25 2019Your computer is continuously executing programs, but does it really understand them? Not in any meaningful sense. That burden falls upon human knowledge workers, who are increasingly asked to write and understand code. They deserve to have intelligent ... More

Mu2e calorimeter readout systemJul 09 2019The Mu2e electromagnetic calorimeter is made of two disks of un-doped parallelepiped CsI crystals readout by SiPM. There are 674 crystals in one disk and each crystal is readout by an array of two SiPM. The readout electronics is composed of two types ... More

Performance of the LHCb muon systemNov 06 2012Feb 15 2013The performance of the LHCb Muon system and its stability across the full 2010 data taking with LHC running at ps = 7 TeV energy is studied. The optimization of the detector setting and the time calibration performed with the first collisions delivered ... More

Space-Based Cosmic-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detectors: a ReviewJul 29 2014Aug 04 2014Prepared for the 2014 ISAPP summer school, this review is focused on space-borne and balloon-borne cosmic-ray and gamma-ray detectors. It is meant to introduce the fundamental concepts necessary to understand the instrument performance metrics, how they ... More

The Inverse Problem: Extracting Time-Like from Space-Like DataJun 01 2001A practical strategy is presented and successfully implemented to determine form factors in the time-like but unphysical (below threshold) region using dispersion relations, in a model independent way without any bias towards expected resonances. Space ... More

A description of the ratio between electric and magnetic proton form factors by using space-like, time-like data and dispersion relationsJul 07 2005Jul 11 2005We use the available information on the ratio between the electric and magnetic proton form factors coming from recently published space-like data and from the few available time-like data. We apply a dispersive procedure on these data to evaluate the ... More

On the Lyapunov Exponent of a Multidimensional Stochastic FlowOct 22 2006Let $X_t$ be a reversible and positive recurrent diffusion in $R^d$ described by \begin{equation}\nonumber X_t=x+\sigma b(t)+\int_0^tm(X_s)\dif s, \end{equation} where the diffusion coefficient $\sigma$ is a positive-definite matrix and the drift $m$ ... More

Unresolved Gamma-Ray Sky through its Angular Power SpectrumDec 05 2018May 03 2019The gamma-ray sky has been observed with unprecedented accuracy in the last decade by the Fermi large area telescope (LAT), allowing us to resolve and understand the high-energy Universe. The nature of the remaining unresolved emission (unresolved gamma-ray ... More

Measurement of the branching ratio of the decay $Ξ^{0}\rightarrow Σ^{+} μ^{-} \barν_μ$Dec 13 2012Jan 14 2013From the 2002 data taking with a neutral kaon beam extracted from the CERN-SPS, the NA48/1 experiment observed 97 $\Xi^{0}\rightarrow \Sigma^{+} \mu^{-} \bar{\nu}_{\mu}$ candidates with a background contamination of $30.8 \pm 4.2$ events. From this sample, ... More

Fermi-LAT Observations of High-energy Behind-the-limb Solar FlaresFeb 02 2017We report on the Fermi-LAT detection of high-energy emission from the behind-the-limb (BTL) solar flares that occurred on 2013 October 11, and 2014 January 6 and September 1. The Fermi-LAT observations are associated with flares from active regions originating ... More

The Third Catalog of Active Galactic Nuclei Detected by the Fermi Large Area TelescopeJan 24 2015Aug 26 2015The third catalog of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) detected by the Fermi-LAT (3LAC) is presented. It is based on the third Fermi-LAT catalog (3FGL) of sources detected between 100 MeV and 300 GeV with a Test Statistic (TS) greater than 25, between 2008 ... More

On the invariant measure of a positive recurrent diffusion in RDec 20 2004Given an one-dimensional positive recurrent diffusion governed by the Stratonovich SDE \[ X_t=x+\int_0^t\sigma(X_s)\strat db(s)+\int_0^t m(X_s) ds, \] we show that the associated stochastic flow of diffeomorphisms focuses as fast as $ \mathrm{exp}(-2t\int_{R}\frac{m^2}{\sigma^2} ... More

Silicon Photo-Multiplier radiation hardness tests with a beam controlled neutron sourceFeb 18 2010Jun 08 2010We report radiation hardness tests performed at the Frascati Neutron Generator on silicon Photo-Multipliers, semiconductor photon detectors built from a square matrix of avalanche photo-diodes on a silicon substrate. Several samples from different manufacturers ... More

Evidence for coupling between collective state and phonons in two-dimensional charge-density-wave systemsJun 09 2008We report on a Raman scattering investigation of the charge-density-wave (CDW), quasi two-dimensional rare-earth tri-tellurides $R$Te$_3$ ($R$= La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Dy) at ambient pressure, and of LaTe$_3$ and CeTe$_3$ under externally applied pressure. ... More

Filming the formation and fluctuation of Skyrmion domains by cryo-Lorentz Transmission Electron MicroscopyJun 25 2015Jun 29 2015Magnetic skyrmions are promising candidates as information carriers in logic or storage devices thanks to their robustness, guaranteed by the topological protection, and their nanometric size. Currently, little is known about the influence of parameters ... More

Search for cosmic-ray induced gamma-ray emission in Galaxy ClustersAug 26 2013Mar 24 2014Current theories predict relativistic hadronic particle populations in clusters of galaxies in addition to the already observed relativistic leptons. In these scenarios hadronic interactions give rise to neutral pions which decay into $\gamma$ rays, that ... More

Dark Matter Constraints from Observations of 25 Milky Way Satellite Galaxies with the Fermi Large Area TelescopeOct 02 2013Feb 19 2014The dwarf spheroidal satellite galaxies of the Milky Way are some of the most dark-matter-dominated objects known. Due to their proximity, high dark matter content, and lack of astrophysical backgrounds, dwarf spheroidal galaxies are widely considered ... More

Random functions from coupled dynamical systemsSep 06 2016Let $f:T\longrightarrow T$ be a mapping and $\Omega$ be a subset of $T$ which intersects every (positive) orbit of $f$. Assume that there are given a second dynamical system $\lambda:Y\longrightarrow Y$ and a mapping $\alpha:\Omega\longrightarrow Y$. ... More

The second catalog of flaring gamma-ray sources from the Fermi All-sky Variability AnalysisDec 09 2016Sep 12 2017We present the second catalog of flaring gamma-ray sources (2FAV) detected with the Fermi All-sky Variability Analysis (FAVA), a tool that blindly searches for transients over the entire sky observed by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the \textit{Fermi} ... More

Coherent generation of symmetry-forbidden phonons by light-induced electron-phonon interactions in magnetiteJul 26 2015Apr 14 2017Symmetry breaking across phase transitions often causes changes in selection rules and emergence of optical modes which can be detected via spectroscopic techniques or generated coherently in pump-probe experiments. In second-order or weakly first-order ... More

X-ray Astronomical Polarimetry in the XEUS EraJul 20 2002X-ray Polarimetry is almost as old as X-ray Astronomy. Since the first discovery of X-ray sources theoretical analysis suggested that a high degree of linear polarization could be expected due either to the, extremely non thermal, emission mechanism or ... More

GeV Observations of Star-forming Galaxies with \textit{Fermi} LATJun 06 2012Recent detections of the starburst galaxies M82 and NGC 253 by gamma-ray telescopes suggest that galaxies rapidly forming massive stars are more luminous at gamma-ray energies compared to their quiescent relatives. Building upon those results, we examine ... More

Assembly and Test of the Gas Pixel Detector for X-ray PolarimetrySep 18 2015The gas pixel detector (GPD) dedicated for photoelectric X-ray polarimetry is selected as the focal plane detector for the ESA medium-class mission concept X-ray Imaging and Polarimetry Explorer (XIPE). Here we show the design, assembly, and preliminary ... More

Spheroidal galactic halos and mirror dark matterJul 26 2004Mirror matter has been proposed as a dark matter candidate. It has several very attractive features, including automatic stability and darkness, the ability to mimic the broad features of cold dark matter while in the linear density perturbation regime, ... More

New and improved quark-lepton symmetric modelsMay 18 1995We show how the use of a see-saw mechanism based on a $3 \times 3$ neutrino mass matrix texture can considerably simplify Higgs sectors for quark-lepton symmetric models (and for Standard Model extensions generally). The main theory we discuss also incorporates ... More

Empirical parameterization of the K+- -> pi+- pi0 pi0 decay Dalitz plotApr 07 2010As first observed by the NA48/2 experiment at the CERN SPS, the $\p0p0$ invariant mass (M00) distribution from $\kcnn$ decay shows a cusp-like anomaly at M00=2m+, where m+ is the charged pion mass. An analysis to extract the pi pi scattering lengths in ... More

Binary Millisecond Pulsar Discovery via Gamma-Ray PulsationsNov 06 2012Nov 26 2012Millisecond pulsars, old neutron stars spun-up by accreting matter from a companion star, can reach high rotation rates of hundreds of revolutions per second. Until now, all such "recycled" rotation-powered pulsars have been detected by their spin-modulated ... More

Natural electroweak symmetry breaking in generalised mirror matter modelsOct 02 2006Nov 28 2006It has recently been pointed out that the mirror or twin Higgs model is more technically natural than the standard model, thus alleviating the ``little'' hierarchy problem. In this paper we generalise the analysis to models with an arbitrary number of ... More

Studies of neutrino asymmetries generated by ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations in the early universe and implications for big bang nucleosynthesis boundsOct 03 1996Nov 19 1996Ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations can generate a significant lepton number asymmetry in the early Universe. We study this phenomenon in detail. We show that the dynamics of ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations in the early Universe can be approximately ... More

Do the SuperKamiokande atmospheric neutrino results explain electric charge quantisation?Aug 24 1998We show that the SuperKamiokande atmospheric neutrino results explain electric charge quantisation, provided that the oscillation mode is $\nu_{\mu} \to \nu_{\tau}$ and that the neutrino mass is of Majorana type.

Neutrino physics and the mirror world: how exact parity symmetry explains the solar neutrino deficit, the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and the LSND experimentMay 23 1995Nov 08 1995Evidence for $\bar \nu_{\mu} \rightarrow \bar \nu_e$ oscillations has been reported at LAMPF using the LSND detector. Further evidence for neutrino mixing comes from the solar neutrino deficit and the atmospheric neutrino anomaly. All of these anomalies ... More

Was ordinary matter synthesised from mirror matter? An attempt to explain why $Ω_{Baryon} \approx 0.2Ω_{Dark}$Apr 28 2003Jun 03 2003The cosmological dust has begun to settle. A likely picture is a universe comprised (predominantly) of three components: ordinary baryons ($\Omega_B \approx 0.05$), non-baryonic dark matter ($\Omega_{Dark} \approx 0.22$) and dark energy ($\Omega_{\Lambda} ... More

How neutrino oscillations can induce an effective neutrino number of less than 3 during Big Bang NucleosynthesisJun 04 1997Ordinary-sterile neutrino oscillations can generate significant neutrino asymmetry in the early Universe. In this paper we extend this work by computing the evolution of neutrino asymmetries and light element abundances during the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis ... More

Maximal neutrino oscillation solution to the solar neutrino problemOct 17 1995We discuss a simple predictive solution to the solar neutrino problem based on maximal vacuum neutrino oscillations. The solution can be motivated by the exact parity symmetric model which predicts that the neutrino mass eigenstates are maximal mixtures ... More

A mirror world explanation for the Pioneer spacecraft anomalies?Aug 06 2001We show that the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft can be explained if there is some mirror gas or mirror dust in our solar system.

The exact parity symmetric model and big bang nucleosynthesisDec 04 1996The assumption of exact, unbroken parity symmetry leads directly to a simple predictive resolution of the atmospheric and solar neutrino puzzles. This is because the existence of this symmetry implies the existence of a set of mirror neutrinos which must ... More

Reconciling sterile neutrinos with big bang nucleosynthesisAug 10 1995Nov 08 1995We re-examine the big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) bounds on the mixing of neutrinos with sterile species. These bounds depend on the assumption that the relic neutrino asymmetry $L_{\nu}$ is very small. We show that for $L_{\nu}$ large enough (greater ... More

Implications of mirror neutrinos for early universe cosmologyApr 15 1999The Exact Parity Model (EPM) is, in part, a theory of neutrino mass and mixing that can solve the atmospheric, solar and LSND anomalies. The central feature of the neutrino sector is three pairs of maximally mixed ordinary and mirror neutrinos. It has ... More

Generalised leptonic colourJul 05 2006Dec 06 2006It is conceivable that there is an $SU(N)_{\ell}$ `colour' gauge group for leptons, analogous to the gauged $SU(3)_q$ colour group of the quarks. The standard model emerges as the low energy effective theory when the leptonic colour is spontaneously broken. ... More

Massive totally symmetric fields in AdS(d)Dec 27 2003Mar 02 2004Free totally symmetric arbitrary spin massive bosonic and fermionic fields propagating in AdS(d) are investigated. Using the light cone formulation of relativistic dynamics we study bosonic and fermionic fields on an equal footing. Light-cone gauge actions ... More

Cubic interaction vertices for massive and massless higher spin fieldsDec 29 2005Jun 06 2007Using the light-cone formulation of relativistic dynamics, we develop various methods for constructing cubic interaction vertices and apply these methods to the study of higher spin fields propagating in flat space of dimension greater than or equal to ... More

Mixed-symmetry massive fields in AdS(5)Dec 28 2004Jul 04 2005Free mixed-symmetry arbitrary spin massive bosonic and fermionic fields propagating in AdS(5) are investigated. Using the light-cone formulation of relativistic dynamics we study bosonic and fermionic fields on an equal footing. Light-cone gauge actions ... More

CFT adapted gauge invariant formulation of massive arbitrary spin fields in AdSJul 13 2009Mar 02 2010Using Poincare parametrization of AdS space, we study massive totally symmetric arbitrary spin fields in AdS space of dimension greater than or equal to four. CFT adapted gauge invariant formulation for such fields is developed. Gauge symmetries are realized ... More

Cubic interaction vertices for fermionic and bosonic arbitrary spin fieldsDec 20 2007Jan 26 2012Using the light-cone gauge approach to relativistic field dynamics, we study arbitrary spin fermionic and bosonic fields propagating in flat space of dimension greater than or equal to four. Generating functions of parity invariant cubic interaction vertices ... More

Effects of magnetic field induced chiral-spin interactions on quasi-one-dimensional spin systemsAug 09 2000It is known that in certain non-bipartite quasi-one dimensional spin systems in a magnetic field, in addition to the usual Pauli coupling of the spins to the field, new parity breaking three spin interactions, i.e. chiral spin interactions, are induced ... More

Quantum Mechanical Breaking of Local GL(4) InvarianceAug 29 1995We consider the gravitational coupling of a scalar field, in a reformulation of General Relativity exhibiting local GL(4) invariance at the classical level. We compute the one-loop contribution of the scalar to the quantum effective potential of the vierbein ... More

Average Effective Potential for the Conformal FactorMay 29 1993In a four dimensional theory of gravity with lagrangian quadratic in curvature and torsion, we compute the effective action for metrics of the form $g_{\mu\nu}=\rho^2\delta_{\mu\nu}$, with $\rho$ constant. Using standard field-theoretic methods we find ... More

Groupoids Determined by Involutive Automorphisms on Semilattices of GroupsMar 01 2015We give several characterisations of groupoids determined by involutive automorphisms on semilattices of groups.

Statistical mechanics of the random K-SAT modelJun 28 1996Jan 24 1997The Random K-Satisfiability Problem, consisting in verifying the existence of an assignment of N Boolean variables that satisfy a set of M=alpha N random logical clauses containing K variables each, is studied using the replica symmetric framework of ... More

Weight Space Structure and Internal Representations: a Direct Approach to Learning and Generalization in Multilayer Neural NetworkJan 18 1995We analytically derive the geometrical structure of the weight space in multilayer neural networks (MLN), in terms of the volumes of couplings associated to the internal representations of the training set. Focusing on the parity and committee machines, ... More

Neutrino Physics and the Mirror WorldApr 23 1999Improper Lorentz Transformations can be retained as exact symmetries of Nature if the particle content and gauge group of the Standard Model are doubled. The resulting ``Exact Parity Model (EPM)'' sees each ordinary particle paired with a mirror analogue. ... More

Prospects for mass unification at low energy scalesJul 04 1995A simple Pati-Salam SU(4) model with a low symmetry breaking scale of about 1000 TeV is presented. The analysis concentrates on calculating radiative corrections to tree-level mass relations for third generation fermions. The tree-level relation $m_b/m_{\tau}=1$ ... More

A_4 symmetry breaking scheme for understanding quark and lepton mixing anglesDec 22 2006The neutrino mixing matrix has been measured to be of a form consistent with tribimaximal mixing, while the quark mixing matrix is almost diagonal. A scheme based on flavour A_4 symmetry for understanding these patterns simultaneously is presented.

Nonlocal Correlation in Heisenberg Spin ModelsApr 10 2016Sep 28 2016In this paper we investigate the nonlocal correlation (beyond entanglement) captured by measurement induced nonlocality and geometric quantum discord for a pair of interacting spin-1/2 particles at thermal equilibrium. It is shown that both the measures ... More

Extremal Black Hole in a Nonlinear Newtonian Theory of GravityNov 12 2008This work investigates an upper-limit of charge for a black hole in a nonlinear Newtonian theory of gravity. The charge is accumulated via protons fired isotropically at the black hole. This theoretical study of gravity (known as `pseudo-Newtonian') is ... More

Reflections on a Black MirrorJan 31 2016Oct 30 2016A black mirror is an accelerated boundary that produces particles in an exact correspondence to an evaporating black hole. We investigate the spectral dynamics of the particle creation during the formation process.

Reply to the Comment on``Scaling Laws for a System with Long--Range Interactions within Tsallis Statistics''May 26 2000The fact that mean field theory is appropriate to describe an Ising model with long-range interactions has been already shown by Cannas and Tamarit. Although not explicited in our Letter, we have used periodic boundary conditions in all our simulations, ... More

The Dirac-Brueckner ApproachDec 01 1996In this review, we give a thorough introduction into the Dirac-Brueckner approach including the mathematical details of the formalism involved. Furthermore, we present results for nuclear matter, NN scattering in the nuclear medium, and finite nuclei. ... More

On movable singularities of Garnier systemsJul 10 2009We study movable singularities of Garnier systems using the connection of the latter with Schlesinger isomonodromic deformations of Fuchsian systems

Extended Curie-Weiss law: a nonextensive perspectiveApr 13 2010Apr 14 2010In the framework of the Tsallis nonextensive statistical mechanics we study an assembly of N spins, first in a background magnetic field, and then assuming them to interact via a long-range homogeneous mean field. To take into account the spin fluctuations ... More

On a nonstandard two-parametric quantum algebra and its connections with $U_{p,q}(gl(2))$ and $U_{p,q}(gl(1|1))$Oct 21 1994Oct 25 1994A quantum algebra $U_{p,q}(\zeta ,H,X_\pm )$ associated with a nonstandard $R$-matrix with two deformation parameters$(p,q)$ is studied and, in particular, its universal ${\cal R}$-matrix is derived using Reshetikhin's method. Explicit construction of ... More

Les espaces duaux pour les ensembles ordonnés arbitrairesJan 14 2000A duality between general partially ordered sets and certain topolgical spaces with two closures is established.

Development of Eulerian Theory of Turbulence within Kraichnan's Direct Interaction Approximation FrameworkJul 05 2014Jul 17 2014Within the framework of Kraichnan's Direct Interaction Approximation (DIA), we propose an Eulerian turbulence theory providing a closed set of equations for two-time and single-time velocity correlations, and second order correlations of infinitesimal ... More

A new Eulerian theory of turbulence constrained by random Galilean invarianceJul 09 2013We propose a new Eulerian turbulence theory to obtain a closed set of equations for homogeneous, isotropic turbulent velocity field correlations and propagator functions by incorporating constraints of random Galilean invariance. This incorporation generates ... More

Cylindrical contact homology and topological entropySep 12 2014Aug 18 2015We establish a relation between the growth of the cylindrical contact homology of a contact manifold and the topological entropy of Reeb flows on this manifold. We show that if a contact manifold $(M,\xi)$ admits a hypertight contact form $\lambda_0$ ... More

On Local Perturbations of SCHRÖdinger Operator on PlaneAug 17 2002We obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for emerging of small eigenvalue for Schr\"odinger operator on plane under local operator perturbations. In the case the eigenvalue emerges we construct its asymptotics. The examples are given.

On local perturbations of Shrodinger operator in axisFeb 11 2002Apr 23 2002We adduce the necessary and sufficient condition for arising of eigenvalues of Shrodinger operator in axis under small local perturbations. In the case of eigenvalues arising we construct their asymptotics.

On the structure of completely inverse AG**-groupoidsNov 23 2014We determine the structure of completely inverse AG**-groupoids modulo semilattices of abelian groups and their involutive, idempotent-fixed automorphisms.

The general quadruple point formulaDec 14 2007Jan 30 2008Maps between manifolds $M^m\to N^{m+\ell}$ ($\ell>0$) have multiple points, and more generally, multisingularities. The closure of the set of points where the map has a particular multisingularity is called the multisingularity locus. There are universal ... More

Intrinsic Location Parameter of a Diffusion ProcessSep 06 1998For nonlinear functions f of a random vector Y, E[f(Y)] and f(E[Y]) usually differ. Consequently the mathematical expectation of Y is not intrinsic: when we change coordinate systems, it is not invariant.This article is about a fundamental and hitherto ... More

Comment on "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Active-Sterile Neutrino Mixing: Evidence for Maximal $ν_μ\leftrightarrow ν_τ$ Mixing in Super Kamiokande?"Nov 04 1998The paper "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Active-Sterile Neutrino Mixing: Evidence for Maximal $\nu_\mu \leftrightarrow \nu_\tau$ Mixing in Super Kamiokande?" by X. Shi and G. M. Fuller (astro-ph/9810075) discusses the cosmological implications of the $\nu_\mu ... More

Explaining $Ω_{Baryon} \approx 0.2 Ω_{Dark}$ through the synthesis of ordinary matter from mirror matter: a more general analysisFeb 25 2004Mar 25 2004The emerging cosmological picture is of a spatially flat universe composed predominantly of three components: ordinary baryons ($\Omega_B \approx 0.05$), non-baryonic dark matter ($\Omega_{Dark} \approx 0.22$) and dark energy ($\Omega_{\Lambda} \approx ... More

The neutrino puzzle in the light of SNOApr 23 2002Jul 23 2002SNO's neutral current measurement has added a new piece to the emerging neutrino physics puzzle. Putting together the presently available experimental information, an essentially unique picture emerges: The solar neutrino anomaly is explained by nu_e ... More

Measurement of separate cosmic-ray electron and positron spectra with the Fermi Large Area TelescopeSep 02 2011Mar 27 2012We measured separate cosmic-ray electron and positron spectra with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. Because the instrument does not have an onboard magnet, we distinguish the two species by exploiting the Earth's shadow, which is offset in opposite directions ... More

Pulsar Simulations for the Fermi Large Area TelescopeJul 01 2009Pulsars are among the prime targets for the Large Area Telescope (LAT) aboard the recently launched Fermi observatory. The LAT will study the gamma-ray Universe between 20 MeV and 300 GeV with unprecedented detail. Increasing numbers of gamma-ray pulsars ... More

ChPT tests at the NA48 and NA62 experiments at CERNJan 29 2016The NA48/2 Collaboration at CERN has accumulated unprecedented statistics of rare kaon decays in the Ke4 modes: Ke4(+-) ($K^\pm \to \pi^+ \pi^- e^\pm \nu$) and Ke4(00) ($K^\pm \to \pi^0 \pi^0 e^\pm \nu$) with nearly one percent background contamination. ... More

Recent NA48/2 and NA62 resultsAug 04 2014The NA48/2 Collaboration at CERN has accumulated and analysed unprecedented statistics of rare kaon decays in the $K_{e4}$ modes: $K_{e4}(+-)$ ($K^\pm \to \pi^+ \pi^- e^\pm \nu$) and $K_{e4}(00)$ ($K^\pm \to \pi^0 \pi^0 e^\pm \nu$) with nearly one percent ... More

Observations of Milky Way Dwarf Spheroidal galaxies with the Fermi-LAT detector and constraints on Dark Matter modelsJan 25 2010We report on the observations of 14 dwarf spheroidal galaxies with the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope taken during the first 11 months of survey mode operations. The Fermi telescope provides a new opportunity to test particle dark matter models through ... More

Constraints on Cosmological Dark Matter Annihilation from the Fermi-LAT Isotropic Diffuse Gamma-Ray MeasurementFeb 24 2010The first published Fermi large area telescope (Fermi-LAT) measurement of the isotropic diffuse gamma-ray emission is in good agreement with a single power law, and is not showing any signature of a dominant contribution from dark matter sources in the ... More

Effective Theory for Color-Flavor Locking in high Density QCDAug 03 1999Sep 06 1999We describe the low energy excitations of the diquark condensates in the color-flavor locked phase of QCD with three massless flavors, at high baryon densities, in terms of a non-linear effective lagrangian. Such a lagrangian is formally seen to correspond ... More

(p,q)-Rogers-Szego polynomial and the (p,q)-oscillatorMay 24 2010A (p,q)-analogue of the classical Rogers-Szego polynomial is defined by replacing the q-binomial coefficient in it by the (p,q)-binomial coefficient. Exactly like the Rogers-Szego polynomial is associated with the q-oscillator algebra it is found that ... More

Vacuum Cherenkov radiation in Maxwell-Chern-Simons electrodynamicsNov 22 2005We study the Cherenkov effect in the context of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) limit of the Standard Model Extension. We present a method to determine the exact radiation rate for a point charge.

On Spin-Statistics and Bogoliubov Transformations in Flat Spacetime With Acceleration ConditionsMay 04 2012Jan 31 2013A single real scalar field of spin zero obeying the Klein-Gordon equation in flat space-time under external conditions is considered in the context of the spin-statistics connection. An imposed accelerated boundary on the field is made to become, in the ... More

Finite-dimensional Calogero representation of the $q$-differential operatorApr 24 1995A finite-dimensional matrix representation of the Jackson $q$-differential operator $D_q$, defined by $D_qf(x)$ $=$ $(f(qx)-f(x))/(x(q-1))$, is written down following Calogero. Such a representation of $D_q$ should have applications in $q$-analysis leading ... More

Positive Linear Maps and Perturbation bounds of MatricesSep 18 2015We show how positive unital linear maps can be used to obtain lower bounds for the maximum distance between the eigenvalues of two normal matrices. Some related bounds for the spread and condition number of Hermitian matrices are also discussed here.

The Repeated Solicitation ModelAug 11 1998Sep 15 1998This paper presents a probabilistic analysis of what we call the "repeated solicitation model". To give a specific context, suppose B is a direct marketing company with a list of S sales prospects. At epoch 1, B sends a solicitation to every prospect ... More

Landau Levels in the noncommutative $AdS_2$Nov 22 2001Feb 15 2002We formulate the Landau problem in the context of the noncommutative analog of a surface of constant negative curvature, that is $AdS_2$ surface, and obtain the spectrum and contrast the same with the Landau levels one finds in the case of the commutative ... More

The Play Operator, the Truncated Variation and the Generalisation of the Jordan DecompositionNov 25 2013Mar 06 2015The play operator minimalizes the total variation on intervals $[0,T], T> 0$, of functions approximating uniformly given regulated function with given accuracy and starting from a given point. In this article we link the play operator with so called truncated ... More

Full operators and algebras generated by invertible operatorsApr 10 2009Oct 22 2009In the present work we characterized full operators and we showed some properties that have nonfull injectives operators. With the results developed for full operators, we affirmatively respond two questions formulated by Bravo and Feintuch on when the ... More

The Four Point Permutation Test for Latent Block Structure in Incidence MatricesOct 04 2018Transactional data may be represented as a bipartite graph $G:=(L \cup R, E)$, where $L$ denotes agents, $R$ denotes objects visible to many agents, and an edge in $E$ denotes an interaction between an agent and an object. Unsupervised learning seeks ... More

Legendrian contact homology and topological entropySep 12 2014Apr 23 2016In this paper we study the growth rate of a version of Legendrian contact homology, which we call strip Legendrian contact homology, in 3-dimensional contact manifolds and its relation to the topological entropy of Reeb flows. We show that: if for a pair ... More

The heat-kernel and the average effective potentialMay 29 1995We discuss the definition of the average effective action in terms of the heat-kernel. As an example we examine a model describing a self-interacting scalar field, both in flat and curved background, and study the renormalization group flow of some of ... More

The renormalization group flow of the dilaton potentialDec 20 1994We consider a scalar-metric gauge theory of gravity with independent metric, connection and dilaton. The role of the dilaton is to provide the scale of all masses, via its vacuum expectation value. In this theory, we study the renormalization group flow ... More