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Brane tunneling and virtual brane-antibrane pairsSep 24 2007We survey barrier penetration by quantum tunneling for four cases: nonrelativistic point particles, scalar fields, relativistic point particles, and DBI branes. We examine two novel features that arise for DBI brane tunneling: the rate can sometimes increase ... More

Lambda and Antilambda polarization from deep inelastic muon scatteringNov 04 1999Nov 18 1999We report results of the first measurements of Lambda and Antilambda polarization produced in deep inelastic polarized muon scattering on the nucleon. The results are consistent with an expected trend towards positive polarization with increasing x_F. ... More

Brane tunneling and virtual brane-antibrane pairsSep 24 2007Sep 24 2017We survey barrier penetration by quantum tunneling for four cases: nonrelativistic point particles, scalar fields, relativistic point particles, and DBI branes. We examine two novel features that arise for DBI brane tunneling: the rate can sometimes increase ... More

Tensile Strength and the Mining of Black HolesJul 13 2012There are a number of important thought experiments that involve raising and lowering boxes full of radiation in the vicinity of black hole horizons. This paper looks at the limitations placed on these thought experiments by the null energy condition, ... More

Algorithmic Randomness For Amenable GroupsFeb 11 2018Mar 21 2018We develop the theory of algorithmic randomness for the space $A^G$ where $A$ is a finite alphabet and $G$ is a computable amenable group. We give an effective version of the Shannon-McMillan-Breiman theorem in this setting. We also extend a result of ... More

The Irreducible Subgroups of Exceptional Algebraic GroupsAug 17 2016Dec 20 2017This paper is a contribution to the study of the subgroup structure of exceptional algebraic groups over algebraically closed fields of arbitrary characteristic. Following Serre, a closed subgroup of a semisimple algebraic group $G$ is called irreducible ... More

The Irreducible Subgroups of Exceptional Algebraic GroupsAug 17 2016This paper is a contribution to the study of the subgroup structure of exceptional algebraic groups over algebraically closed fields of arbitrary characteristic. Following Serre, a closed subgroup of a semisimple algebraic group $G$ is called irreducible ... More

On The Strength of Two Recurrence TheoremsMay 24 2013This paper uses the framework of reverse mathematics to investigate the strength of two recurrence theorems of topological dynamics. It establishes that one of these theorems, the existence of an almost periodic point, lies strictly between WKL and ACA ... More

The Thin-Wall Approximation in Vacuum Decay: a LemmaNov 21 2017Nov 26 2018The 'thin-wall approximation' gives a simple estimate of the decay rate of an unstable quantum field. Unfortunately, the approximation is uncontrolled. In this paper I show that there are actually two different thin-wall approximations and that they bracket ... More

HyperinflationMay 08 2017Jan 01 2019A model of cosmological inflation is proposed in which field space is a hyperbolic plane. The inflaton never slow-rolls, and instead orbits the bottom of the potential, buoyed by a centrifugal force. Though initial velocities redshift away during inflation, ... More

Cosmology Beyond EinsteinAug 25 2015The accelerating expansion of the Universe poses a major challenge to our understanding of fundamental physics. One promising avenue is to modify general relativity and obtain a new description of the gravitational force. Because gravitation dominates ... More

Causality and radiatively induced CPT violationMay 03 2001May 31 2001We consider quantum electrodynamics with an additional Lorentz- and CPT-violating axial-vector term in the fermionic sector and discuss the possibility that radiative corrections induce a Lorentz- and CPT-violating Chern-Simons-like term for the gauge ... More

Bubbles of Nothing and the Fastest Decay in the LandscapeOct 25 2010Sep 23 2011The rate and manner of vacuum decay are calculated in an explicit flux compactification, including all thick-wall and gravitational effects. For landscapes built of many units of a single flux, the fastest decay is usually to discharge just one unit. ... More

On 'Nothing'Nov 01 2011May 16 2012Nothing---the absence of spacetime---can be either an endpoint of tunneling, as in the bubble of nothing, or a starting point for tunneling, as in the quantum creation of a universe. We argue that these two tunnelings can be treated within a unified framework, ... More

Many-Body Corrections to Charged-Current Neutrino Absorption Rates in Nuclear MatterApr 24 1998Including nucleon--nucleon correlations due to both Fermi statistics and nuclear forces, we have developed a general formalism for calculating the charged--current neutrino--nucleon absorption rates in nuclear matter. We find that at one half nuclear ... More

Higher-derivative operators and effective field theory for general scalar-tensor theoriesSep 27 2017Feb 16 2018We discuss the extent to which it is necessary to include higher-derivative operators in the effective field theory of general scalar-tensor theories. We explore the circumstances under which it is correct to restrict to second-order operators only, and ... More

Singular operators with antisymmetric kernels, related capacities, and Wolff potentialsDec 13 2010We consider a generalization of the Riesz operator in $R^d$ and obtain estimates for its norm and for related capacities via the modified Wolff potential. These estimates are based on the certain version of $T1$ theorem for Calder\'on-Zygmund operators ... More

Density-functional study of oxygen adsorption on Mo(112)Nov 15 2004Atomic oxygen adsorption on the Mo(112) surface has been investigated by means of first-principles total energy calculations. Among the variety of possible adsorption sites it was found that the bridge sites between two Mo atoms of the topmost row are ... More

The Case of the Disappearing InstantonJun 02 2011Instantons are tunneling solutions that connect two vacua, and under a small change in the potential, instantons sometimes disappear. We classify these disappearances as smooth (decay rate goes to 0 at disappearance) or abrupt (decay rate not equal to ... More

The Second Law of Quantum ComplexityJan 04 2017Dec 05 2018We give arguments for the existence of a thermodynamics of quantum complexity that includes a "Second Law of Complexity". To guide us, we derive a correspondence between the computational (circuit) complexity of a quantum system of $K$ qubits, and the ... More

Giant Leaps and Minimal Branes in Multi-Dimensional Flux LandscapesOct 25 2010Sep 14 2011There is a standard story about decay in multi-dimensional flux landscapes: that from any state, the fastest decay is to take a small step, discharging one flux unit at a time; that fluxes with the same coupling constant are interchangeable; and that ... More

Singularities of Nonlinear Elliptic SystemsMay 09 2012May 07 2013Through Morrey's spaces (plus Zorko's spaces) and their potentials/capacities as well as Hausdorff contents/dimensions, this paper estimates the singular sets of nonlinear elliptic systems of the even-ordered Meyers-Elcrat type and a class of quadratic ... More

Fe IX Calculations for the Solar Dynamics ObservatoryJul 03 2011Sep 20 2011New calculations of the energy levels, radiative transition rates and collisional excitation rates of \ion{Fe}{ix} have been carried out using the Flexible Atomic Code, paying close attention to experimentally identified levels and extending existing ... More

Comment on "Vacuum Photon Splitting in Lorentz-Violating Quantum Electrodynamics"Dec 11 2003It has been argued in hep-ph/0212382 that there may be observable effects from photon triple splitting in an extended version of quantum electrodynamics with Lorentz violation in the fermion sector. The argument is based on an analogy with photon splitting ... More

Small Steps and Giant Leaps in the LandscapeApr 22 2010Oct 21 2010For landscapes of field theory vacua, we identify an effect that can greatly enhance the decay rates to wildly distant minima--so much so that such transitions may dominate over transitions to near neighbors. We exhibit these 'giant leaps' in both a toy ... More

An \emph{ab initio} study on split silicon-vacancy defect in diamond: electronic structure and related propertiesOct 08 2013Oct 14 2013The split silicon-vacancy defect (SiV) in diamond is an electrically and optically active color center. Recently, it has been shown that this color center is bright and can be detected at the single defect level. In addition, the SiV defect shows a non-zero ... More

The Hölder Quasicontinuity for Riesz-Morrey Potentials and Lane-Emden EquationsMay 09 2012Feb 10 2015This paper has been withdrawn.

Theoretical Transit Spectra for GJ 1214b and Other "Super-Earths"Mar 08 2012Aug 29 2012We present new calculations of transit spectra of super-Earths that allow for atmospheres with arbitrary proportions of common molecular species and haze. We test this method with generic spectra, reproducing the expected systematics and absorption features, ... More

Toward Attribute Efficient Learning AlgorithmsNov 27 2003We make progress on two important problems regarding attribute efficient learnability. First, we give an algorithm for learning decision lists of length $k$ over $n$ variables using $2^{\tilde{O}(k^{1/3})} \log n$ examples and time $n^{\tilde{O}(k^{1/3})}$. ... More

Hocus-Socus: An Error Catastrophe for Complex Hebbian Learning Implies Neocortical ProofreadingDec 04 2010The neocortex is widely believed to be the seat of intelligence and "mind". However, it's unclear what "mind" is, or how the special features of neocortex enable it, though likely "connectionist" principles are involved *A. The key to intelligence1 is ... More

Using Kepler Candidates to Examine the Properties of Habitable Zone ExoplanetsMay 23 2016Jun 03 2016An analysis of the currently known exoplanets in the habitable zones (HZs) of their host stars is of interest in both the wake of the NASA Kepler mission and with prospects for expanding the known planet population through future ground- and space-based ... More

2MASS J20261584-2943124: An Unresolved L0.5 + T6 Spectral BinaryMay 21 2010We identify the L dwarf 2MASS J20261584-2943124 as an unresolved spectral binary, based on low-resolution, near-infrared spectroscopy from IRTF/SpeX. The data reveal a peculiar absorption feature at 1.6 microns, previously noted in the spectra of other ... More

Darboux Coordinates and Liouville-Arnold Integration in Loop AlgebrasOct 16 1992Darboux coordinates are constructed on rational coadjoint orbits of the positive frequency part $\wt{\frak{g}}^+$ of loop algebras. These are given by the values of the spectral parameters at the divisors corresponding to eigenvector line bundles over ... More

Superfluids and the Cosmological Constant ProblemMay 15 2018We introduce a novel method to circumvent Weinberg's no-go theorem for self-tuning the cosmological vacuum energy: a Lorentz-violating finite-temperature superfluid can counter the effects of an arbitrarily large cosmological constant. Fluctuations of ... More

Compact Deep Neural Networks for Computationally Efficient Gesture Classification From Electromyography SignalsJun 22 2018Apr 13 2019Machine learning classifiers using surface electromyography are important for human-machine interfacing and device control. Conventional classifiers such as support vector machines (SVMs) use manually extracted features based on e.g. wavelets. These features ... More

The Jacobson--Morozov theorem and complete reducibility of Lie subalgebrasJul 22 2015Oct 02 2017In this paper we determine the precise extent to which the classical sl_2-theory of complex semisimple finite-dimensional Lie algebras due to Jacobson--Morozov and Kostant can be extended to positive characteristic. This builds on work of Pommerening ... More

Physical drivers of galaxies' cold-gas content: exploring environmental and evolutionary effects with DARK SAGEJun 22 2017Aug 16 2017We combine the latest spectrally stacked data of 21-cm emission from the ALFALFA survey with an updated version of the Dark Sage semi-analytic model to investigate the relative contributions of secular and environmental astrophysical processes on shaping ... More

The universal emergence of self-affine roughness from deformationJan 10 2019Most natural and man-made surfaces appear to be rough on many length scales. There is presently no unifying theory of the origin of roughness or the self-affine nature of surface topography. One likely contributor to the formation of roughness is deformation, ... More

Low temperature thermal conductivity in a d-wave superconductor with coexisting charge order: Effect of self-consistent disorder and vertex correctionsNov 01 2008Given the experimental evidence of charge order in the underdoped cuprate superconductors, we consider the effect of coexisting charge order on low-temperature thermal transport in a d-wave superconductor. Using a phenomenological Hamiltonian that describes ... More

Evolutionary Models of Super-Earths and Mini-Neptunes Incorporating Cooling and Mass LossMay 11 2015Jun 29 2015We construct models of the structural evolution of super-Earth- and mini-Neptune-type exoplanets with hydrogen-helium envelopes, incorporating radiative cooling and XUV-driven mass loss. We conduct a parameter study of these models, focusing on initial ... More

Preserving Randomness for Adaptive AlgorithmsNov 02 2016We introduce the concept of a randomness steward, a tool for saving random bits when executing a randomized estimation algorithm $\mathsf{Est}$ on many adaptively chosen inputs. For each execution, the chosen input to $\mathsf{Est}$ remains hidden from ... More

Jump operations for Borel graphsApr 08 2016We investigate the class of bipartite Borel graphs organized by the order of Borel homomorphism. We show that this class is unbounded by finding a jump operator for Borel graphs analogous to a jump operator of Louveau for Borel equivalence relations. ... More

Radiation reaction at 3.5 post-Newtonian order in effective field theoryMay 17 2012We derive the radiation reaction forces on a compact binary inspiral through 3.5 order in the post-Newtonian expansion using the effective field theory approach. We utilize a recent formulation of Hamilton's variational principle that rigorously extends ... More

Isomorphisms of Lattices of Bures-Closed Bimodules over Cartan MASAsMar 05 2013For i=1,2, let (M_i,D_i) be pairs consisting of a Cartan MASA D_i in a von Neumann algebra M_i, let atom(D_i) be the set of atoms of D_i, and let S_i be the lattice of Bures-closed D_i bimodules in M_i. We show that when M_i have separable preduals, there ... More

Potential Games are Necessary to Ensure Pure Nash Equilibria in Cost Sharing GamesFeb 14 2014We consider the problem of designing distribution rules to share "welfare" (cost or revenue) among individually strategic agents. There are many known distribution rules that guarantee the existence of a (pure) Nash equilibrium in this setting, e.g., ... More

A Small-gap Effective-Temperature Model of Transient Shear Band Formation During FlowFeb 04 2015Sep 12 2016Recent Couette-cell shear experiments of carbopol gels have revealed the formation of a transient shear band before reaching the steady state, which is characterized by homogeneous flow. This shear band is observed in the small-gap limit where the shear ... More

Tack energy and switchable adhesion of liquid crystal elastomersAug 11 2012The mechanical properties of liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs) make them suitable candidates for pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs). Using the nematic dumbbell constitutive model, and the block model of PSAs, we study their tack energy and the debonding ... More

Effects of Collisions with Rocky Planets on the Properties of Hot JupitersJun 25 2012Observed Hot Jupiters exhibit a wide range of physical properties. For a given mass, many planets have inflated radii, while others are surprisingly compact and may harbor large central cores. Motivated by the observational sample, this paper considers ... More

Smooth Particle LensingApr 17 2006We present a numerical technique to compute the gravitational lensing induced by simulated haloes. It relies on a 2D-Tree domain decomposition in the lens plane combined with a description of N-Body particles as extended clouds with a non-singular density. ... More

Effect of coexisting order of various form and wave vector on low-temperature thermal conductivity in d-wave superconductorsAug 21 2009In light of recent experimental evidence of density wave order in the cuprates, we consider a phenomenological model of a d-wave superconductor with coexisting charge, spin or pair density wave order of various form and wave vector. We study the evolution ... More

Limits to joining with generics and randomsSep 14 2012Posner and Robinson (1981) proved that if $S \subseteq \omega$ is non-computable, then there exists a $G \subseteq \omega$ such that $S \oplus G \geq_T G'$. Shore and Slaman (1999) extended this result to all $n \in \omega$, by showing that if $S \nleq_T ... More

Reducible subgroups of exceptional algebraic groupsJan 28 2018Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field. A closed subgroup $H$ of $G$ is called $G$-completely reducible ($G$-cr) if, whenever $H$ is contained in a parabolic subgroup $P$ of $G$, it is contained in a Levi factor of $P$. ... More

Thermal derivation of the Coleman-De Luccia tunneling prescriptionJun 12 2007Sep 01 2007We derive the rate for transitions between de Sitter vacua by treating the field theory on the static patch as a thermal system. This reproduces the Coleman-De Luccia formalism for calculating the rate, but leads to a modified interpretation of the bounce ... More

Quantum Complexity and Negative CurvatureAug 08 2016As time passes, once simple quantum states tend to become more complex. For strongly coupled k-local Hamiltonians, this growth of computational complexity has been conjectured to follow a distinctive and universal pattern. In this paper we show that the ... More

Inflationary Instabilities of Einstein-Aether CosmologySep 18 2013Nov 22 2013We examine the consequences of Lorentz violation during slow-roll inflation. We consider a canonical scalar inflaton coupled, through its potential, to the divergence of a fixed-norm timelike vector field, or "aether." The vector is described by Einstein-aether ... More

Global cycle properties in graphs with large minimum clustering coefficientJun 11 2015Jan 07 2016The clustering coefficient of a vertex in a graph is the proportion of neighbours of the vertex that are adjacent. The minimum clustering coefficient of a graph is the smallest clustering coefficient taken over all vertices. A complete structural characterization ... More

On the involution fixity of exceptional groups of Lie typeJul 12 2017Mar 03 2018The involution fixity ${\rm ifix}(G)$ of a permutation group $G$ of degree $n$ is the maximum number of fixed points of an involution. In this paper we study the involution fixity of primitive almost simple exceptional groups of Lie type. We show that ... More

Finite subgroups of simple algebraic groups with irreducible centralizersJun 09 2016We determine all finite subgroups of simple algebraic groups that have irreducible centralizers - that is, centralizers whose connected component does not lie in a parabolic subgroup.

Numerical Calibration of the HCN$-$Star Formation CorrelationJan 30 2018Sep 11 2018HCN(1$-$0) emission traces dense gas and correlates very strongly with star formation rates (SFRs) on scales from small Milky Way clouds to whole galaxies. The observed correlation offers strong constraints on the efficiency of star formation in dense ... More

Variable-length Convolutional Coding for Short Blocklengths with Decision FeedbackOct 29 2014May 04 2015This paper presents a variable-length decision-feedback scheme that uses tail-biting convolutional codes and the tail-biting Reliability-Output Viterbi Algoritm (ROVA). Comparing with recent results in finite-blocklength information theory, simulation ... More

Variable-Length Coding with Feedback: Finite-Length Codewords and Periodic DecodingJan 30 2013Feb 25 2013Theoretical analysis has long indicated that feedback improves the error exponent but not the capacity of single-user memoryless channels. Recently Polyanskiy et al. studied the benefit of variable-length feedback with termination (VLFT) codes in the ... More

Nuclear Processes in Other Universes: Varying the Strength of the Weak ForceSep 13 2018Motivated by the possibility that the laws of physics could be different in other regions of space-time, we consider nuclear processes in universes where the weak interaction is either stronger or weaker than observed. We focus on the physics of both ... More

The static structure factor of amorphous silicon and vitreous silicaSep 14 2009Liquids are in thermal equilibrium and have a non-zero static structure factor S(Q->0) = [<N^2>-<N>^2]/<N> = rho*k_B*T*Chi_T where rho is the number density, T is the temperature, Q is the scattering vector and Chi_T is the isothermal compressibility. ... More

Reconstruction of electrons with the Gaussian-sum filter in the CMS tracker at LHCJun 11 2003The bremsstrahlung energy loss distribution of electrons propagating in matter is highly non Gaussian. Because the Kalman filter relies solely on Gaussian probability density functions, it might not be an optimal reconstruction algorithm for electron ... More

Dilations, inclusions of matrix convex sets, and completely positive mapsJan 29 2016Jun 04 2016A matrix convex set is a set of the form $\mathcal{S} = \cup_{n\geq 1}\mathcal{S}_n$ (where each $\mathcal{S}_n$ is a set of $d$-tuples of $n \times n$ matrices) that is invariant under UCP maps from $M_n$ to $M_k$ and under formation of direct sums. ... More

Cooling of relativistic electron beams in chirped laser pulsesMay 18 2015The next few years will see next-generation high-power laser facilities (such as the Extreme Light Infrastructure) become operational, for which it is important to understand how interaction with intense laser pulses affects the bulk properties of a relativistic ... More

The typical Turing degreeNov 04 2011The Turing degree of a real measures the computational difficulty of producing its binary expansion. Since Turing degrees are tailsets, it follows from Kolmogorov's 0-1 law that for any property which may or may not be satisfied by any given Turing degree, ... More

Study of the $ηπ$ and $η'π$ spectra and interpetation of possible exotic $J^{PC}=1^{-+}$ mesonsApr 09 2003We discuss a coupled channel analysis of the $\eta\pi$ and $\eta'\pi$ systems produced in $\pi^-p$ interactions at 18 GeV/$c$. We show that known $Q\bar Q$ resonances, together with residual soft meson-meson rescattering, saturate the spectra including ... More

Searching for the M+T binary needle in the brown dwarf haystackAug 22 2013Multiplicity is a key statistic for understanding the formation of very low mass (VLM) stars and brown dwarfs. Currently, the separation distribution of VLM binaries remains poorly constrained at small separations (< 1 AU), leading to uncertainty in the ... More

Asteroids in GALEX: Near-ultraviolet photometry of the major taxonomic groupsMay 06 2015May 07 2015We present ultraviolet photometry (NUV band, 180--280 nm) of 405 asteroids observed serendipitously by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) from 2003--2012. All asteroids in this sample were detected by GALEX at least twice. Unambiguous visible-color-based ... More

A Wrinkle in Coleman - De LucciaJun 04 2007Jun 19 2007Stringy effects on vacuum transitions are shown to include surprisingly large decay rates through very high potential barriers. This simple, yet counter-intuitive result will drastically modify the measure on the landscape of string vacua.

Linear growth of structure in massive bigravityApr 15 2014Oct 02 2014The ghost-free theory of massive gravity with two dynamical metrics has been shown to produce viable cosmological expansion, where the late-time acceleration of the Universe is due to the finite range of the gravitational interaction rather than a nonzero ... More

The nature of spacetime in bigravity: two metrics or none?Mar 31 2014Aug 13 2014The possibility of matter coupling to two metrics at once is considered. This appears natural in the most general ghost-free, bimetric theory of gravity, where it unlocks an additional symmetry with respect to the exchange of the metrics. This double ... More

Cooperative eigenmodes and scattering in 1D atomic arraysJul 18 2016Sep 22 2016Collective coupling between dipoles can dramatically modify the optical response of a medium. Such effects depend strongly on the geometry of the medium and the polarization of the light. Using a classical coupled dipole model, here we investigate the ... More

Numerical Studies of the Compressible Ising Spin GlassSep 12 2005We study a two-dimensional compressible Ising spin glass at constant volume. The spin interactions are coupled to the distance between neighboring particles in the Edwards-Anderson model with +/- J interactions. We find that the energy of a given spin ... More

A Rate-Compatible Sphere-Packing Analysis of Feedback Coding with Limited RetransmissionsFeb 07 2012May 21 2012Recent work by Polyanskiy et al. and Chen et al. has excited new interest in using feedback to approach capacity with low latency. Polyanskiy showed that feedback identifying the first symbol at which decoding is successful allows capacity to be approached ... More

The Integrated Sachs-Wolfe Signal from BOSS Super-StructuresJul 14 2015Oct 28 2015Cosmic structures leave an imprint on the microwave background radiation through the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect. We construct a template map of the linear signal using the SDSS-III Baryon Acoustic Oscillation Survey at redshift 0.43 < z < 0.65. We ... More

A vacuum-adapted approach to quantum Feynman-Kac formulaeFeb 23 2012The vacuum-adapted formulation of quantum stochastic calculus is employed to perturb expectation semigroups via a Feynman-Kac formula. This gives an alternative perspective on the perturbation theory for quantum stochastic flows that has recently been ... More

Refining Parameters of the XO-5 Planetary System with High-Precision Transit PhotometryMar 07 2011Studies of transiting extrasolar planets offer an unique opportunity to get to know the internal structure of those worlds. The transiting exoplanet XO-5 b was found to have an anomalously high Safronov number and surface gravity. Our aim was to refine ... More

Have We Detected Patchy Reionization in Quasar Spectra?Dec 16 2005The Lyman-alpha forest at z >~ 5.5 shows strong scatter in the mean transmission even when smoothed over very large spatial scales, >~ 50 Mpc/h. This has been interpreted as a signature of strongly fluctuating radiation fields, or patchy reionization. ... More

Lensing Probabilities for Spectroscopically Selected Galaxy-Galaxy Strong LensesMar 17 2008Spectroscopic galaxy-galaxy lens searches are presently the most prolific method of identifying strong lens systems in large data sets. We study the probabilities associated with these lens searches, namely the probability of identifying a candidate with ... More

Planets in Other Universes: Habitability constraints on density fluctuations and galactic structureMay 22 2015Aug 17 2015Motivated by the possibility that different versions of the laws of physics could be realized within other universes, this paper delineates the galactic parameters that allow for habitable planets and revisits constraints on the amplitude $Q$ of the primordial ... More

Cosmology and Astrophysics from Relaxed Galaxy Clusters V: Consistency with Cold Dark Matter Structure FormationJul 16 2016Jul 25 2016This is the fifth in a series of papers studying the astrophysics and cosmology of massive, dynamically relaxed galaxy clusters. Our sample comprises 40 clusters identified as being dynamically relaxed and hot in Papers I and II of this series. Here we ... More

Variational approach to Yang-Mills theory at finite temperaturesJul 18 2011We study the finite-temperature phase of a gluon ensemble in a variational approximation to QCD in the Coulomb gauge. We derive and numerically solve the underlying Dyson-Schwinger equations up to one-loop order. Assuming the subcritical solution at T=0, ... More

An Estimation Method of a Constitutive-law for the Rod Model of DNA using Discrete-Structure SimulationsJun 08 2009The continuum-rod model has emerged as an efficient tool to describe the long-length-scale structural-deformations of DNA which are critical to understanding the nature of many biological processes such as gene expression. However, a significant challenge ... More

Adaptive Optics Images II: 12 Kepler Objects of Interest and 15 Confirmed Transiting PlanetsMay 28 2013All transiting planet observations are at risk of contamination from nearby, unresolved stars. Blends dilute the transit signal, causing the planet to appear smaller than it really is, or produce a false positive detection when the target star is blended ... More

From quantum Bayesian inference to quantum tomographyJan 23 1997We derive an expression for a density operator estimated via Bayesian quantum inference in the limit of an infinite number of measurements. This expression is derived under the assumption that the reconstructed system is in a pure state. In this case ... More

Reply to "Comment on 'Finite size corrections to the radiation reaction force in classical electrodynamics'"Jun 21 2012We reply to P. Forg\'acs, T. Herpay, and P. Kov\'acs (arXiv: 1202.6289).

A PCA-based approach for subtracting thermal background emission in high-contrast imaging dataJun 30 2017Nov 28 2017Ground-based observations at thermal infrared wavelengths suffer from large background radiation due to the sky, telescope and warm surfaces in the instrument. This significantly limits the sensitivity of ground-based observations at wavelengths longer ... More

Power Spectra of the Total Occupancy in the Totally Asymmetric Simple Exclusion ProcessJun 05 2007As a solvable and broadly applicable model system, the totally asymmetric exclusion process enjoys iconic status in the theory of non-equilibrium phase transitions. Here, we focus on the time dependence of the total number of particles on a 1-dimensional ... More

The Evolving Flow of Jupiter's White Ovals and Adjacent CyclonesJan 25 2013We present results regarding the dynamical meteorology of Jupiter's White Ovals at different points in their evolution. Starting from the era with three White Ovals FA, BC, and DE (Galileo), continuing to the post-merger epoch with only one Oval BA (Cassini), ... More

A Census of Mid-Infrared Selected Active Galactic Nuclei in Massive Galaxy Clusters at 0 < z < 1.3May 03 2011May 04 2011We conduct a deep mid-infrared census of nine massive galaxy clusters at (0<z<1.3) with a total of ~1500 spectroscopically confirmed member galaxies using Spitzer/IRAC photometry and established mid-infrared color selection techniques. Of the 949 cluster ... More

Quantum Logic with Interacting Bosons in 1DJan 18 2015Mar 05 2015We present a scheme for implementing high-fidelity quantum logic gates using the quantum walk of a few interacting bosons on a one-dimensional lattice. The gate operation is carried out by a single compact lattice described by a one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard ... More

Von Neumann Algebras and Extensions of Inverse SemigroupsSep 04 2014Nov 26 2014In the 1970s, Feldman and Moore classified separably acting von Neumann algebras containing Cartan MASAs using measured equivalence relations and 2-cocycles on such equivalence relations. In this paper, we give a new classification in terms of extensions ... More

Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using electromagnetically induced transparencyDec 22 2006Jan 10 2007We observe electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) on the 5s to 5p transition in a room temperature rubidium vapour cell by coupling the 5p state to a Rydberg state (ns or nd with n=26 to 124). We demonstrate that the narrow line-width of the EIT ... More

Structure of free semigroupoid algebrasSep 19 2017Jun 13 2019A free semigroupoid algebra is the closure of the algebra generated by a TCK family of a graph in the weak operator topology. We obtain a structure theory for these algebras analogous to that of free semigroup algebra. We clarify the role of absolute ... More

Noncoaxial multivortices in the complex sine-Gordon theory on the planeFeb 06 2002We construct explicit multivortex solutions for the complex sine-Gordon equation (the Lund-Regge model) in two Euclidean dimensions. Unlike the previously found (coaxial) multivortices, the new solutions comprise $n$ single vortices placed at arbitrary ... More

Electroweak Baryogenesis in R-symmetric SupersymmetryAug 14 2012We demonstrate that electroweak baryogenesis can occur in a supersymmetric model with an exact R-symmetry. The minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric model contains chiral superfields in the adjoint representation, giving Dirac gaugino masses, and an additional ... More

Reliability-based Error Detection for Feedback Communication with Low LatencyMay 20 2013May 24 2013This paper presents a reliability-based decoding scheme for variable-length coding with feedback and demonstrates via simulation that it can achieve higher rates than Polyanskiy et al.'s random coding lower bound for variable-length feedback (VLF) coding ... More

Scaling laws for convection and jet speeds in the giant planetsNov 08 2010Three-dimensional studies of convection in deep spherical shells have been used to test the hypothesis that the strong jet streams on Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune result from convection throughout the molecular envelopes. Due to computational ... More