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A Scalable Pipelined Dataflow Accelerator for Object Region Proposals on FPGA PlatformOct 26 2018Region proposal is critical for object detection while it usually poses a bottleneck in improving the computation efficiency on traditional control-flow architectures. We have observed region proposal tasks are potentially suitable for performing pipelined ... More

Antiferromagnetic order and spin dynamics in iron-based superconductorsMar 08 2015Jun 18 2015High-transition temperature (high-$T_c$) superconductivity in the iron pnictides/chalcogenides emerges from the suppression of the static antiferromagnetic order in their parent compounds, similar to copper oxides superconductors. This raises a fundamental ... More

SPINBIS: Spintronics based Bayesian Inference System with Stochastic ComputingFeb 19 2019Bayesian inference is an effective approach for solving statistical learning problems, especially with uncertainty and incompleteness. However, Bayesian inference is a computing-intensive task whose efficiency is physically limited by the bottlenecks ... More

Neutron Studies of the Iron-based Family of High TC Magnetic SuperconductorsFeb 01 2009Feb 09 2009We review neutron scattering investigations of the crystal structures, magnetic structures, and spin dynamics of the iron-based RFe(As,P)O (R=La, Ce, Pr, Nd), (Ba,Sr,Ca)Fe2As2, and Fe1+x(Te-Se) systems. On cooling from room temperature all the undoped ... More

Magnetic anisotropy in hole-doped superconducting Ba 0.67K 0.33Fe 2As2 probed by polarized inelastic neutron scatteringJan 08 2013We use polarized inelastic neutron scattering (INS) to study spin excitations of optimally hole-doped superconductor Ba$_{0.67}$K$_{0.33}$Fe$_2$As$_{2}$ ($T_c=38$ K). In the normal state, the imaginary part of the dynamic susceptibility, $\chi^{\prime\prime}(Q,\omega)$, ... More

Topological spin excitations in honeycomb ferromagnet CrI$_3$Jul 30 2018Oct 30 2018In two dimensional honeycomb ferromagnets, bosonic magnon quasiparticles (spin waves) may either behave as massless Dirac fermions or form topologically protected edge states. The key ingredient defining their nature is the next-nearest neighbor Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya ... More

An Efficient Graph Accelerator with Parallel Data Conflict ManagementJun 03 2018Graph-specific computing with the support of dedicated accelerator has greatly boosted the graph processing in both efficiency and energy. Nevertheless, their data conflict management is still sequential in essential when some vertex needs a large number ... More

Doping effects of Cr on the physical properties of BaFe$_{1.9-x}$Ni$_{0.1}$Cr$_{x}$As$_{2}$Jul 04 2018We present a systematic study on the heavily Cr doped iron pnictides BaFe$_{1.9-x}$Ni$_{0.1}$Cr$_{x}$As$_{2}$ by using elastic neutron scattering, high-resolution synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD), resistivity and Hall transport measurements. When the ... More

Temperature and polarization dependence of low-energy magnetic fluctuations in nearly-optimal-doped NaFe$_{0.9785}$Co$_{0.0215}$AsOct 30 2017We use unpolarized and polarized neutron scattering to study the temperature and polarization dependence of low-energy magnetic fluctuations in nearly-optimal-doped NaFe$_{0.9785}$Co$_{0.0215}$As, with coexisting superconductivity ($T_{\rm c}\approx19$ ... More

Observation of Magnetic Moments in the Superconducting State of YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.6}$Feb 04 2001Neutron Scattering measurements for YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.6}$ have identified small magnetic moments that increase in strength as the temperature is reduced below $T^\ast$ and further increase below $T_c$. An analysis of the data shows the moments are antiferromagnetic ... More

Incommensurate Magnetic Fluctuations in YBa2Cu3O6.6Jul 10 1997We use inelastic neutron scattering to demonstrate that at low temperatures, the low frequency magnetic fluctuations in YBa_2Cu_3O_{6.6} ($T_c=62.7$ K) are incommensurate, being found at positions displaced by $\pm\delta$ ($0.057\pm 0.006$ r.l.u.) along ... More

Weak coupling Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer suerconductivity in the Electron-Doped Cuprate SuperconductorsMar 09 2007Aug 07 2008We use in-plane tunneling spectroscopy to study the temperature dependence of the local superconducting gap $\Delta(T)$ in electron-doped copper oxides with various $T_c$'s and Ce-doping concentrations. We show that the temperature dependence of $\Delta(T)$ ... More

Magnetism and its microscopic origin in iron-based high-temperature superconductorsSep 03 2012High-temperature superconductivity in the iron-based materials emerges from, or sometimes coexists with, their metallic or insulating parent compound states. This is surprising since these undoped states display dramatically different antiferromagnetic ... More

Magnetic moment evolution and spin freezing in doped BaFe$_{2}$As$_{2}$Jul 14 2016Fe-K$_{\beta}$ X-ray emission spectroscopy measurements reveal an asymmetric doping dependence of the magnetic moments $\mu_\text{bare}$ in electron- and hole-doped BaFe$_{2}$As$_{2}$. At low temperature, $\mu_\text{bare}$ is nearly constant in hole-doped ... More

Two-dimensional Massless Dirac Fermions in Antiferromagnetic AFe2As2 (A = Ba, Sr)Sep 01 2017We report infrared studies of AFe$_{2}$As$_{2}$ (A = Ba, Sr), two representative parent compounds of iron-arsenide superconductors, at magnetic fields (B) up to 17.5 T. Optical transitions between Landau levels (LLs) were observed in the antiferromagnetic ... More

In-plane magnetic field effect on the neutron spin resonance in optimally doped FeSe$_{0.4}$Te$_{0.6}$ and BaFe$_{1.9}$Ni$_{0.1}$As$_{2}$ superconductorsMay 25 2011May 26 2011We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the effect of an in-plane magnetic field on the magnetic resonance in optimally doped superconductors FeSe$_{0.4}$Te$_{0.6}$ ($T_c=14$ K) and BaFe$_{1.9}$Ni$_{0.1}$As$_{2}$ ($T_c=20$ K). While the magnetic ... More

Effect of nematic order on the low-energy spin fluctuations in detwinned BaFe$_{1.935}$Ni$_{0.065}$As$_2$Jul 22 2016The origin of nematic order remains one of the major debates in iron-based superconductors. In theories based on spin nematicity, one major prediction is that the spin-spin correlation length at (0,$\pi$) should decrease with decreasing temperature below ... More

Spin anisotropy due to spin-orbit coupling in optimally hole-doped Ba$_{0.67}$K$_{0.33}$Fe$_{2}$As$_{2}$Dec 01 2016Dec 12 2016We use polarized inelastic neutron scattering to study the temperature and energy dependence of spin space anisotropies in the optimally hole-doped iron pnictide Ba$_{0.67}$K$_{0.33}$Fe$_{2}$As$_{2}$ ($T_{{\rm c}}=38$ K). In the superconducting state, ... More

Simultaneous optimization of spin fluctuations and superconductivity under pressure in an iron-based superconductorMay 13 2013Aug 23 2013We present a high-pressure NMR study of the overdoped iron pnictide superconductor NaFe$_{0.94}$Co$_{0.06}$As. The low-energy antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in the normal state, manifest as the Curie-Weiss upturn in the spin-lattice relaxation rate ... More

A Nash Type result for Divergence Parabolic Equation related to Hormander's vector fieldsMay 17 2017In this paper we consider the divergence parabolic equation with bounded and measurable coefficients related to Hormander's vector fields and establish a Nash type result, i.e., the local Holder regularity for weak solutions. After deriving the parabolic ... More

Observation of momentum-confined in-gap impurity state in Ba$_{0.6}$K$_{0.4}$Fe$_2$As$_2$: evidence for anti-phase $s_{\pm}$ pairingDec 26 2013May 13 2014We report the observation by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of an impurity state located inside the superconducting gap of Ba$_{0.6}$K$_{0.4}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ and vanishing above the superconducting critical temperature, for which the spectral ... More

Surface terminations and layer-resolved spectroscopy in 122 iron pnictide superconductorsFeb 16 2016The surface terminations of 122-type alkaline earth metal iron pnictides AEFe2As2 (AE = Ca, Ba) are investigated with scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS). Cleaving these crystals at a cryogenic temperature yields a large majority of terminations ... More

Evolution of the resonance and incommensurate spin fluctuations in superconducting YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$Nov 01 2000Polarized and unpolarized neutron triple-axis spectrometry was used to study the dynamical magnetic susceptibility $\chi^{\prime\prime}({\bf q},\omega)$ as a function of energy ($\hbar\omega$) and wave vector (${\bf q}$) in a wide temperature range for ... More

Magnetic Frustration and Iron-Vacancy Ordering in Iron-ChalcogenideMar 23 2011Apr 11 2011We show that the magnetic and vacancy orders in the 122 $(A_{1-y}Fe_{2-x}Se_2)$ iron-chalcogenides can be naturally derived from the $J_1-J_2-J_3$ model with $J_1$ being the ferromagnetic (FM) nearest neighbor exchange coupling and $J_{2}, J_3$ being ... More

The crystalline electric field as a probe for long range antiferromagnetic order and superconductivity in CeFeAsO$_{1-x}$F$_x$Jul 31 2008We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the crystalline electric field (CEF) excitations of Ce$^{3+}$ in CeFeAsO$_{1-x}$F$_{x}$($x=0,0.16$). For nonsuperconducting CeFeAsO, the Ce CEF levels have three magnetic doublets in the paramagnetic state, ... More

Spin Waves and magnetic exchange interactions in insulating Rb$_{0.89}$Fe$_{1.58}$Se$_2$May 24 2011The discovery of alkaline iron selenide $A$Fe$_{1.6+x}$Se$_2$ ($A=$ K, Rb, Cs) superconductors has generated considerable excitement in the condensed matter physics community because superconductivity in these materials may have a different origin from ... More

Robust Upward Dispersion of the Neutron Spin Resonance in the Heavy Fermion Superconductor Ce$_{1-x}$Yb$_{x}$CoIn$_5$Jul 18 2016The neutron spin resonance is a collective magnetic excitation that appears in copper oxide, iron pnictide, and heavy fermion unconventional superconductors. Although the resonance is commonly associated with a spin-exciton due to the $d$($s^{\pm}$)-wave ... More

Normal State Nernst Effect in Electron-doped Pr2-xCexCuO4: Superconducting Fluctuations and Two-band TransportAug 08 2007Oct 10 2007We report a systematic study of normal state Nernst effect in the electron-doped cuprates Pr$_{2-x}$Ce$_x$CuO$_{4-\delta}$ over a wide range of doping (0.05$\leq x \leq$0.21) and temperature. At low temperatures, we observed a notable vortex Nernst signal ... More

Polarized Neutron Measurement of Magnetic Order in YBa2Cu3O6.45Feb 04 2004Orbital current order of the d-density-wave type (DDW) has been postulated to explain the pseudogap in the high temperature superconductors. We have performed neutron scattering experiments to search for this order and show here the results obtained on ... More

Toward the Mott state with Magnetic Cluster Formation in Heavily Cu-Doped NaFe$_{1-x}$Cu$_{x}$AsMar 28 2019Apr 01 2019Recent neutron scattering measurements indicate that NaFe$_{1-x}$Cu$_{x}$As forms an antiferromagnetic stripe phase near $x\approx 0.5$ in a Mott insulating state. This copper concentration is well in excess of that required for superconductivity, $x ... More

Longitudinal spin excitations and magnetic anisotropy in antiferromagnetically ordered BaFe2As2Sep 29 2013We report on a spin-polarized inelastic neutron scattering study of spin waves in the antiferromagnetically ordered state of BaFe2As2. Three distinct excitation components are identified, with spins fluctuating along the c-axis, perpendicular to the ordering ... More

Direct observation of paramagnons in palladiumMay 24 2010We report an inelastic neutron scattering study of the spin fluctuations in the nearly-ferromagnetic element palladium. Dispersive over-damped collective magnetic excitations or ``paramagnons'' are observed up to 128 meV. We analyze our results in terms ... More

The effect of Cr impurity to superconductivity in electron-doped BaFe2-xNixAs2Sep 23 2014We use transport and magnetization measurements to study the effect of Cr-doping to the phase diagram of the electron-doped superconducting BaFe2-xNixAs2 iron pnictides. In principle, adding Cr to electron-doped BaFe2-xNixAs2 should be equivalent to the ... More

Spin excitation anisotropy in the paramagnetic tetragonal phase of BaFe2 As2Jun 26 2017We use neutron polarization analysis to study temperature dependence of the spin excitation anisotropy in BaFe$_2$As$_2$, which has a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural distortion at $T_s$ and antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transition at $T_N$ with ordered ... More

Iron based high transition temperature superconductorsMar 07 2014In a superconductor electrons form pairs and electric transport becomes dissipation-less at low temperatures. Recently discovered iron based superconductors have the highest superconducting transition temperature next to copper oxides. In this article, ... More

Disentangling superconducting and magnetic orders in NaFe_1-xNi_xAs using muon spin rotationFeb 13 2018Muon spin rotation and relaxation studies have been performed on a "111" family of iron-based superconductors NaFe_1-xNi_xAs. Static magnetic order was characterized by obtaining the temperature and doping dependences of the local ordered magnetic moment ... More

Control Synthesis for Nonlinear Optimal Control via Convex RelaxationsOct 03 2016This paper addresses the problem of control synthesis for nonlinear optimal control problems in the presence of state and input constraints. The presented approach relies upon transforming the given problem into an infinite-dimensional linear program ... More

Evidence for a quantum phase transition in electron-doped Pr$_{2-x}$Ce$_{x}$CuO$_{4-δ}$ from Thermopower measurementsNov 14 2006Jul 03 2007The evidence for a quantum phase transition under the superconducting dome in the high-$T_c$ cuprates has been controversial. We report low temperature normal state thermopower(S) measurements in electron-doped Pr$_{2-x}$Ce$_{x}$CuO$_{4-\delta}$ as a ... More

Magnons in Ferromagnetic Metallic ManganitesAug 21 2007Ferromagnetic (FM) manganites, a group of likely half-metallic oxides, are of special interest not only because they are a testing ground of the classical doubleexchange interaction mechanism for the colossal magnetoresistance, but also because they exhibit ... More

Spin-Charge Coupling in lightly doped Nd$_{2-x}$Ce$_{x}$CuO$_4$Nov 27 2004We use neutron scattering to study the influence of a magnetic field on spin structures of Nd$_2$CuO$_4$. On cooling from room temperature, Nd$_2$CuO$_4$ goes through a series of antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transitions with different noncollinear spin ... More

Nematic spin correlations in the tetragonal state of uniaxial strained BaFe2-xNixAs2Aug 12 2014Understanding the microscopic origins of electronic phases in high-transition temperature (high-Tc) superconductors is important for elucidating the mechanism of superconductivity. In the paramagnetic tetragonal phase of BaFe2-xTxAs2 (where T is Co or ... More

Direct observation of spin excitation anisotropy in the paramagnetic orthorhombic state of BaFe$_{2-x}$Ni$_x$As$_2$Feb 08 2018We use transport and inelastic neutron scattering measurements to investigate single crystals of iron pnictide BaFe$_{2-x}$Ni$_{x}$As$_{2}$ ($x=0,0.03$), which exhibit a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition at $T_s$ and stripe antiferromagnetic ... More

Extending Scatterplots to Scalar FieldsAug 20 2016Embedding high-dimensional data into a 2D canvas is a popular strategy for their visualization.

Short-range polaron correlations in the ferromagnetic La(1-x)Ca(x)MnO(3)Aug 21 2000We use neutron scattering to demonstrate the presence of lattice polarons and their short-range correlations for several samples of La$_{1-x}$Ca$_x$MnO$_3$ in the Ca doping range $0.15\leq x\leq 0.3$. We establish the doping dependence of the orientation, ... More

Toward the Mott state with Magnetic Cluster Formation in Heavily Cu-Doped NaFe$_{1-x}$Cu$_{x}$AsMar 28 2019Recent neutron scattering measurements indicate that NaFe$_{1-x}$Cu$_{x}$As forms an antiferromagnetic stripe phase near $x\approx 0.5$ in a Mott insulating state. This copper concentration is well in excess of that required for superconductivity, $x ... More

Unusual suppression of a spin resonance mode with magnetic field in underdoped NaFe$_{1-x}$Co$_x$As: Evidence for orbital-selective pairingJul 25 2018We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the fate of the two spin resonance modes in underdoped superconducting NaFe$_{1-x}$Co$_x$As ($x=0.0175$) under applied magnetic fields. While an applied in-plane magnetic field of $B=12$ T only modestly suppresses ... More

Nematic crossover in BaFe$_2$As$_2$ under uniaxial stressJul 08 2015Raman scattering can detect spontaneous point-group symmetry breaking without resorting to single-domain samples. Here we use this technique to study $\mathrm{BaFe_2As_2}$, the parent compound of the "122" Fe-based superconductors. We show that an applied ... More

Structure and composition of the superconducting phase in alkali iron selenide K$_y$Fe$_{1.6+x}$Se$_2$Apr 14 2014We use neutron diffraction to study the temperature evolution of the average structure and local lattice distortions in insulating and superconducting potassium iron selenide K$_y$Fe$_{1.6+x}$Se$_2$. In the high temperature paramagnetic state, both materials ... More

Anisotropic spin fluctuations in detwinned FeSeMay 21 2019Superconductivity in FeSe emerges from a nematic phase that breaks four-fold rotational symmetry in the iron plane. This phase may arise from orbital ordering, spin fluctuations, or hidden magnetic quadrupolar order. Here we use inelastic neutron scattering ... More

Magnetization in the Superconducting State of UPt$_3$ from Polarized Neutron DiffractionAug 14 2012Sep 18 2012The heavy fermion superconductor UPt$_3$ is thought to have odd-parity, a state for which the temperature dependence of the spin susceptibility is an important signature. In order to address conflicting reports from two different experiments, the NMR ... More

Resonance in Optimally Electron-Doped Superconductor Nd$_{1.85}$Ce$_{0.15}$CuO$_{4-δ}$Mar 27 2007Mar 30 2007We use inelastic neutron scattering to probe magnetic excitations of an optimally electron-doped superconductor Nd$_{1.85}$Ce$_{0.15}$CuO$_{4-\delta}$ above and below its superconducting transition temperature $T_c=25$ K. In addition to gradually opening ... More

Two spatially separated phases in semiconducting Rb$_{0.8}$Fe$_{1.5}$S$_2$Aug 05 2014We report neutron scattering and transport measurements on semiconducting Rb$_{0.8}$Fe$_{1.5}$S$_2$, a compound isostructural and isoelectronic to the well-studied $A_{0.8}$Fe$_{y}$Se$_2 (A=$ K, Rb, Cs, Tl/K) superconducting systems. Both resistivity ... More

Resonance in the electron-doped high-Tc superconductor Pr0.88LaCe0.12CuO(4-delta)Jul 05 2006In conventional superconductors, the interaction that pairs the electrons to form the superconducting state is mediated by lattice vibrations (phonons). In high-transition temperature (high-Tc) copper oxides, it is generally believed that magnetic excitations ... More

Absence of long wavelength nematic fluctuations in LiFeAsNov 08 2016We investigated long-wavelength nematic fluctuations in an Fe-based superconductor LiFeAs near q=(0.05,0,0) by measuring temperature-dependent renormalization of acoustic phonons through inelastic neutron scattering. We found that the phonons have conventional ... More

Experimental elucidation of the origin of the `double spin resonances' in Ba(Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_x$)$_2$As$_2$May 13 2016May 17 2016We report a combined study of the spin resonances and superconducting gaps for underdoped ($T_c=19$ K), optimally doped ($T_c=25$ K), and overdoped ($T_c=19$ K) Ba(Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_x$)$_2$As$_2$ single crystals with inelastic neutron scattering and angle ... More

Crossover of the pairing symmetry from $s$- to $d$-wave in iron pnictide superconductorsFeb 25 2015One of the major themes in the physics of condensed matter is unconventional superconductivity in correlated electronic systems. The symmetry structure of Cooper pairs is thought to be the key to the understanding of the pairing mechanism of their superconductivity. ... More

The connection between superconducting phase correlations and spin excitations in YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.6}$: A magnetic field studyJun 28 2000One of the most striking universal properties of the high-transition-temperature (high-$T_c$) superconductors is that they are all derived from the hole-doping of their insulating antiferromagnetic (AF) parent compounds. From the outset, the intimate ... More

Anisotropic resistivity of Na$_{1-δ}$Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_x$AsAug 17 2012Temperature-dependent resistivity is studied in single crystals of iron-arsenide superconductor Na$_{1-\delta}$Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_x$As for electrical current directions along, $\rho_a (T)$, and transverse, $\rho_c (T)$, to the Fe-As layers. Doping with Co ... More

Spin excitations and the Fermi surface of superconducting FeSFeb 09 2017High-temperature superconductivity occurs near antiferromagnetic instabilities and nematic state. Debate remains on the origin of nematic order in FeSe and its relation with superconductivity. Here, we use transport, neutron scatter- ing and Fermi surface ... More

Uniaxial pressure effect on the magnetic ordered moment and transition temperatures in BaFe$_{2-x}T_x$As$_2$ ($T=$Co, Ni)Feb 10 2017Feb 15 2017We use neutron diffraction and muon spin relaxation to study the effect of in-plane uniaxial pressure on the antiferromagnetic (AF) orthorhombic phase in BaFe$_2$As$_2$ and its Co- and Ni-substituted members near optimal superconductivity. In the low ... More

Fast Active Set Methods for Online Deconvolution of Calcium Imaging DataSep 02 2016Fluorescent calcium indicators are a popular means for observing the spiking activity of large neuronal populations, but extracting the activity of each neuron from raw fluorescence calcium imaging data is a nontrivial problem. We present a fast online ... More

Symmetric properties for Choquard equations involving fully nonlinear nonlocal operatorMay 15 2019In this paper, the positive solutions to Choquard equation involving fully nonlinear nonlocal operator are shown to be symmetric and monotone by using the moving plane method which has been introduced by Chen, Li and Li in 2015. The key ingredients are ... More

Magnetic field dependence of spin-lattice relaxation in the s$\pm$ state of Ba$_{0.67}$K$_{0.33}$Fe$_{2}$As$_{2}$Sep 18 2011Apr 30 2012The spatially averaged density of states, <N(0)>, of an unconventional d-wave superconductor is magnetic field dependent, proportional to $H^{1/2}$, owing to the Doppler shift of quasiparticle excitations in a background of vortex supercurrents[1,2]. ... More

Antiferromagnetism-superconductivity competition in electron-doped cuprates triggered by oxygen reductionApr 03 2007We have performed a systematic angle-resolved photoemission study of as-grown and oxygen-reduced Pr$_{2-x}$Ce$_x$CuO$_4$ and Pr$_{1-x}$LaCe$_{x}$CuO$_4$ electron-doped cuprates. In contrast to the common belief, neither the band filling nor the band parameters ... More

Orbital selective neutron spin resonance in underdoped superconducting NaFe$_\textbf{0.985}$Co$_\textbf{0.015}$AsMar 09 2017We use neutron scattering to study the electron-doped superconducting NaFe$_{0.985}$Co$_{0.015}$As ($T_c=14$ K), which has co-existing static antiferromagnetic (AF) order ($T_N=31$ K) and exhibits two neutron spin resonances ($E_{r1}\approx 3.5$ meV and ... More

Temperature dependence of the paramagnetic spin excitations in BaFe$_2$As$_2$Sep 27 2012We use inelastic neutron scattering to study temperature dependence of the paramagnetic spin excitations in iron pnictide BaFe$_2$As$_2$ throughout the Brillouin zone. In contrast to a conventional local moment Heisenberg system, where paramagnetic spin ... More

Evolution of normal and superconducting properties of single crystals of Na$_{1-δ}$FeAs upon interaction with environmentOct 01 2011Iron-arsenide superconductor Na$_{1-\delta}$FeAs is highly reactive with the environment. Due to the high mobility of Na ions, this reaction affects the entire bulk of the crystals and leads an to effective stoichiometry change. Here we use this effect ... More

Electronically smectic-like phase in a nearly half-doped manganiteMay 10 2005Aug 29 2005We use neutron scattering to study the spin and charge/orbital ordering (CO-OO) in the nearly half-doped perovskite manganite $Pr_{0.55}(Ca_{0.8}Sr_{0.2})_{0.45}MnO_3$ (PCSMO). On cooling from room temperature, PCSMO first enters into a CO-OO state below ... More

Magnetic Order in YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$ SuperconductorsMar 29 2002Polarized and unpolarized neutron diffraction has been used to search for magnetic order in YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$ superconductors. Most of the measurements were made on a high quality crystal of YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.6}$. It is shown that this crystal has ... More

Spin waves throughout the Brillouin zone and magnetic exchange coupling in ferromagnetic metallic manganites La$_{1-x}$Ca$_{x}$MnO$_3$ ($x=0.25,0.30$)Feb 21 2007Using time-of-flight and triple-axis inelastic neutron spectroscopy, we determine spin wave excitations throughout the Brillouin zone for ferromagnetic manganites La$_{1-x}$Ca$_x$MnO$_3$ ($x=0.25,0.3$) in their low temperature metallic states. While spin ... More

Spin excitation anisotropy as a probe of orbital ordering in the paramagnetic tetragonal phase of superconducting BaFe1.904Ni0.096As2Aug 18 2013We use polarized neutron scattering to demonstrate that in-plane spin excitations in electron doped superconducting BaFe1.904Ni0.096As2 (Tc=19.8 K) change from isotropic to anisotropic in the tetragonal phase well above the antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering ... More

Magnetic Excitations and their energy change available to Superconducting Condensation in Optimally Doped YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.95}$Aug 11 2006Understanding the magnetic excitations in high-transition temperature (high-$T_c$) copper oxides is important because they may mediate the electron pairing for superconductivity. By determining the wavevector ({\bf Q}) and energy ($\hbar\omega$) dependence ... More

Destruction of Neel order and appearance of superconductivity in electron-doped cuprates by oxygen annealing processJun 20 2008We use thermodynamic and neutron scattering measurements to study the effect of oxygen annealing on the superconductivity and magnetism in Pr$_{0.88}$LaCe$_{0.12}$CuO$_{4-\delta}$. Although the transition temperature $T_c$ measured by susceptibility and ... More

Doping evolution of antiferromagnetism and transport properties in the non-superconducting BaFe2-2xNixCrxAs2Feb 27 2015We report elastic neutron scattering and transport measurements on the Ni and Cr equivalently doped iron pnictide BaFe$_{2-2x}$Ni$_{x}$Cr$_{x}$As$_{2}$. Compared with the electron-doped BaFe$_{2-x}$Ni$_{x}$As$_{2}$, the long-range antiferromagnetic (AF) ... More

Resonance as a probe of the electron superconducting gap in BaFe1.9Ni0.1As2Aug 06 2009The discovery of high-transition temperature (high-Tc) superconductivity near antiferromagnetism in iron arsenides raised the possibility of an unconventional superconducting mechansim1-8. The observation of clear Fermi surfaces and nodeless superconducting ... More

Doping evoluton of antiferromagnetic order and structural distortion in LaFeAsO$_{1-x}$F$_x$Sep 28 2008Sep 30 2008We use neutron scattering to study the structural distortion and antiferromagnetic (AFM) order in LaFeAsO$_{1-x}$F$_{x}$ as the system is doped with fluorine (F) to induce superconductivity. In the undoped state, LaFeAsO exhibits a structural distortion, ... More

Close relationship between superconductivity and the bosonic mode in Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 and Na(Fe0.975Co0.025)AsOct 30 2013Since the discovery of high temperature superconductivity in the iron pnictides and chalcogenides in early 2008, a central issue has been the microscopic origin of the superconducting pairing. Although previous experiments suggest that the pairing may ... More

Spin gap and magnetic resonance in superconducting BaFe$_{1.9}$Ni$%_{0.1}$As$_{2}$Feb 04 2009We use neutron spectroscopy to determine the nature of the magnetic excitations in superconducting BaFe$_{1.9}$Ni$_{0.1}$As$_{2}$ ($T_{c}=20$ K). Above $T_{c}$ the excitations are gapless and centered at the commensurate antiferromagnetic wave vector ... More

Direct observation of magnon-phonon coupling in yttrium iron garnetSep 12 2017The magnetic insulator yttrium iron garnet (YIG) with a ferrimagnetic transition temperature of $\sim$560 K has been widely used in microwave and spintronic devices. Anomalous features in the spin Seeback effect (SSE) voltages have been observed in Pt/YIG ... More

Common origin of the two types of magnetic fluctuations in iron chalcogenidesSep 20 2011We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the low energy spin excitations in moderately doped non-superconducting Fe$_{1.01}$Te$_{0.72}$Se$_{0.28}$. The spin excitations in this system contain components near (0.5,0,0) and (0.5,0.5,0) in a-b plane ... More

Electronic Raman study of Ba$_{1-x}$K$_{x}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ from under-doping to over-dopingAug 22 2016We performed an electronic Raman scattering study of under-doped, optimally-doped and over-doped Ba$_{1-x}$K$_{x}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ samples, in the normal and superconducting states. We observe a quasi-elastic peak in the normal state in both the B$_{1g}$ ... More

Spin Susceptibility of the Topological Superconductor UPt3 from Polarized Neutron DiffractionMay 23 2017Experiment and theory indicate that UPt3 is a topological superconductor in an odd-parity state, based in part from temperature independence of the NMR Knight shift. However, quasiparticle spin-flip scattering near a surface, where the Knight shift is ... More

Evolution of London penetration depth with scattering in single crystals of K$_{1-x}$Na$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$Jun 05 2014London penetration depth, $\lambda (T)$, was measured in single crystals of K$_{1-x}$Na$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$, $x$=0 and 0.07, down to temperatures of 50~mK, $\sim T_c/50$. Isovalent substitution of Na for K significantly increases impurity scattering, with ... More

Microscopic spin interactions in the CMR manganitesOct 31 2001Using inelastic neutron scattering we measured the microscopic magnetic coupling associated with the ferromagnetic (FM) clusters of the ``colossal magnetoresistance'' (CMR) compound Pr$_{0.70}$Ca$_{0.30}$MnO$_3$. When the insulating to metal (I-M) transition ... More

Spin-pairing and penetration depth measurements from nuclear magnetic resonance in NaFe$_{0.975}$Co$_{0.025}$AsFeb 06 2013May 22 2013We have performed $^{75}$As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) Knight shift measurements on single crystals of NaFe$_{0.975}$Co$_{0.025}$As to show that its superconductivity is a spin-paired, singlet state consistent with predictions of the weak-coupling ... More

Electronic inhomogeneity and competing phases in electron-doped superconducting Pr0.88LaCe0.12CuO4Jan 06 2005We use neutron scattering to demonstrate that electron-doped superconducting Pr0.88LaCe0.12CuO4 in the underdoped regime is electronically phase separated in the ground state, showing the coexistence of a superconducting phase with a three-dimensional ... More

Effect of a magnetic field on the long-range magnetic order in insulating Nd2CuO4, nonsuperconducting and superconducting Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4Aug 12 2003We have measured the effect of a c-axis aligned magnetic field on the long-range magnetic order of insulating Nd2CuO4, as-grown nonsuperconducting and superconducting Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4. On cooling from room temperature, Nd2CuO4 goes through a series of ... More

Quantum Spin Excitations through the metal-to-insulator crossover in $Y Ba_2 Cu_3 O_{6+y}$Dec 14 2007We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the temperature dependence of the spin excitations of a detwinned superconducting YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.45}$ ($T_c=48$ K). In contrast to earlier work on YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.5}$ ($T_c=58$ K), where the prominent ... More

High Energy Spin Excitations in Electron-Doped Superconducting Pr$_{0.88}$LaCe$_{0.12}$CuO$_{4-δ}$ with $T_c=21$ KApr 19 2006We use high-resolution inelastic neutron scattering to study the low-temperature magnetic excitations of electron-doped superconducting Pr$_{0.88}$LaCe$_{0.12}$CuO$_{4-\delta}$ ($T_c=21\pm 1$ K) over a wide energy range (4 meV$\le\hbar\omega\le 330$ meV). ... More

Neutron spin resonance as a probe of Fermi surface nesting and superconducting gap symmetry in Ba$_{0.67}$K$_{0.33}$(Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_{x}$)$_{2}$As$_{2}$Aug 18 2018We use inelastic neutron scattering to study energy and wave vector dependence of the superconductivity-induced resonance in hole-doped Ba$_{0.67}$K$_{0.33}$(Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_{x}$)$_{2}$As$_{2}$ ($x=0,0.08$ with $T_c\approx 37, 28$ K, respectively). In previous ... More

Magnon Damping by magnon-phonon coupling in Manganese PerovskitesApr 26 1999Inelastic neutron scattering was used to systematically investigate the spin-wave excitations (magnons) in ferromagnetic manganese perovskites. In spite of the large differences in the Curie temperatures ($T_C$s) of different manganites, their low-temperature ... More

Spin-isotropic continuum of spin excitations in antiferromagnetically ordered Fe$_{1.07}$TeJan 11 2018Unconventional superconductivity typically emerges in the presence of quasi-degenerate ground states, and the associated intense fluctuations are likely responsible for generating the superconducting state. Here we use polarized neutron scattering to ... More

Polarized neutron scattering studies of magnetic excitations in electron-overdoped superconducting BaFe$_{1.85}$Ni$_{0.15}$As$_{2}$May 16 2012We use polarized inelastic neutron scattering to study low-energy spin excitations and their spatial anisotropy in electron-overdoped superconducting BaFe$_{1.85}$Ni$_{0.15}$As$_{2}$ ($T_c=14$ K). In the normal state, the imaginary part of the dynamic ... More

A distinct bosonic mode in an electron-doped high-transition-temperature superconductorJun 13 2008Despite recent advances in understanding high-transition-temperature (high-T c) superconductors, there is no consensus on the origin of the superconducting 'glue': that is, the mediator that binds electrons into superconducting pairs. The main contenders ... More

Temperature dependence of the resonance and low energy spin excitations in superconducting FeTe$_{0.6}$Se$_{0.4}$Feb 22 2012We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the temperature dependence of the low-energy spin excitations in single crystals of superconducting FeTe$_{0.6}$Se$_{0.4}$ ($T_c=14$ K). In the low-temperature superconducting state, the imaginary part of the ... More

Nematic spin fluid in the tetragonal phase of BaFe2As2Nov 16 2010Magnetic interactions are generally believed to play a key role in mediating electron pairing for superconductivity in iron arsenides; yet their character is only partially understood. Experimentally, the antiferromagnetic (AF) transition is always preceded ... More

The Magnetic Excitation Spectrum and Thermodynamics of High-$T_c$ SuperconductorsJan 18 2000Inelastic neutron scattering was used to study the wavevector- and frequency-dependent magnetic fluctuations in single crystals of superconducting YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$. The spectra contain several important features, including a gap in the superconducting ... More

Superconductivity and electronic fluctuations in Ba$_{1-x}$K$_{x}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ studied by Raman scatteringAug 22 2016Dec 13 2016Using polarization-resolved electronic Raman scattering we study under-doped, optimally-doped and over-doped Ba$_{1-x}$K$_{x}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ samples in the normal and superconducting states. We show that low-energy nematic fluctuations are universal for ... More

Magnetic form factor of SrFe$_2$As$_2$Jan 12 2010Neutron diffraction measurements have been carried out to investigate the magnetic form factor of the parent SrFe2As2 system of the iron-based superconductors. The general feature is that the form factor is approximately isotropic in wave vector, indicating ... More

Doping influence of spin dynamics and magnetoelectric effect in hexagonal Y$_{0.7}$Lu$_{0.3}$MnO$_{3}$Aug 13 2013We use inelastic neutron scattering to study spin waves and their correlation with the magnetoelectric effect in Y$_{0.7}$Lu$_{0.3}$MnO$_3$. In the undoped YMnO$_3$ and LuMnO$_3$, the Mn trimerization distortion has been suggested to play a key role in ... More