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Multiphoton discrimination at telecom wavelength with charge integration photon detectorMar 04 2005We present a charge integration photon detector (CIPD) that enables the efficient measurement of photon number states at the telecom-fiber wavelengths with a quantum efficiency of 80% and a resolution less than 0.5 electrons at 1 Hz sampling. The CIPD ... More

Photon number resolving detection at telecom wavelength with a charge integration photon detectorDec 09 2005We demonstrate multiphoton discrimination at telecom wavelength with the readout frequency of 40 Hz by charge integration photon detector (CIPD). The CIPD consists of an InGaAs pin photodiode and a GaAs junction field effect transistor as a pre-amplifier ... More

Generation and distribution of high-dimensional frequency-entangled quditsMar 25 2016Mar 31 2016We demonstrate a novel scheme to generate frequency-entangled qudits with dimension number higher than 10 and to distribute them over optical fibers of 15 km in total length. This scheme combines the technique of spectral engineering of biphotons generated ... More

Modified E91 protocol demonstration with hybrid entanglement photon sourceJan 23 2015We report on an experimental demonstration of the modified Ekert 91 protocol of quantum key distribution using a hybrid entanglement source with two different degrees of freedoms, a 1550 nm time-bin qubit and 810 nm polarization qubit. The violation of ... More

Ultrahigh-sensitivity high-linearity photodetection system using a low-gain avalanche photodiode with an ultralow-noise readout circuitMar 04 2005A highly sensitive photodetection system with a detection limit of 1 photon/s was developed. This system uses a commercially available 200-mm-diameter silicon avalanche photodiode (APD) and an in-house-developed ultralow-noise readout circuit, which are ... More

Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors for quantum information and communicationsMar 01 2010Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPD or SSPD) are highly promising devices in the growing field of quantum information and communications technology. We have developed a practical SSPD system with our superconducting thin films and ... More

Quantum key distribution with an efficient countermeasure against correlated intensity fluctuations in optical pulsesFeb 19 2018Quantum key distribution (QKD) allows two distant parties to share secret keys with the proven security even in the presence of an eavesdropper with unbounded computational power. Recently, GHz-clock decoy QKD systems have been realized by employing ultrafast ... More

Lax forms of the $q$-Painlevé equationsOct 01 2008All $q$-Painlev\'e equations which are obtained from the $q$-analog of the sixth Painlev\'e equation are expressed in a Lax formalism. They are characterized by the data of the associated linear $q$-difference equations. The degeneration pattern from ... More

Current induced entanglement of nuclear spins in quantum dotsOct 10 2002We propose an entanglement mechanism of nuclear spins in quantum dots driven by the electric current. The current accompanied by the spin flip in quantum dots gradually increases components of larger total spin of nuclei. This entangled state drastically ... More

Finite dimensional approximations in geometryApr 21 2003In low dimensional topology, we have some invariants defined by using solutions of some nonlinear elliptic operators. The invariants could be understood as Euler class or degree in the ordinary cohomology, in infinite dimensional setting. Instead of looking ... More

Continuous-Variable Quantum Teleportation with a Conventional LaserJan 11 2003We give a description of balanced homodyne detection (BHD) using a conventional laser as a local oscillator (LO), where the laser field outside the cavity is a mixed state whose phase is completely unknown. Our description is based on the standard interpretation ... More

Enhancement of Kondo effect in multilevel quantum dotsAug 07 2004We theoretically study enhancement mechanisms of the Kondo effect in multilevel quantum dots. In quantum dots fabricated on semiconductors, the energy difference between discrete levels \Delta is tunable by applying a magnetic field. With two orbitals ... More

Development of SNSPD System with Gifford-McMahon CryocoolerMar 02 2010A superconducting nanowire single photon detector (SNSPD) system for telecommunication wavelength using a GM cryocooler was developed and its performance was verified. The cryocooler based SNSPD system can operate continuously with a 100 V AC power supply ... More

Compactly packaged superconducting nanowire single-photon detector with an optical cavity for multichannel systemFeb 28 2010We developed superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors with an optical cavity (OC-SNSPDs) for multichannel systems. For efficient coupling, the devices were installed in compact fiber-coupled packages after their substrate thickness was reduced ... More

Characteristics of superconducting single photon detector in DPS-QKD system under bright illumination blinding attackAug 10 2013We derive the time-dependent photo-detection probability equation of a superconducting single photon detector (SSPD) to study the responsive property for a pulse train at high repetition rate. Using this equation, we analyze the characteristics of SSPDs ... More

Photon level crosstalk between parallel fibers installed in urban areaAug 05 2010We estimate the channel characteristics of field-installed dark fibers at single photon levels for quantum key distribution (QKD). Measured fibers are telecom single-mode dark fibers over 45 km connecting a center and suburbs of Tokyo. Their total losses ... More

Multi-channel SNSPD system with high detection efficiency at telecommunication wavelengthApr 01 2010We developed a four-channel superconducting nanowire single-photon detector system based on a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler. All channels showed a system detection efficiency (at a 100 Hz dark-count rate) higher than 16% at 1550 nm wavelength, and the best ... More

Exceeding classical capacity limit in quantum optical channelApr 04 2003The amount of information transmissible through a communications channel is determined by the noise characteristics of the channel and by the quantities of available transmission resources. In classical information theory, the amount of transmissible ... More

Wavelength division multiplexed and double-port pumped time-bin entangled photon pair generation using Si ring resonatorFeb 09 2017We report a wavelength division multiplexed time-bin entangled photon pair source in telecom wavelength using a 10 {\mu}m radius Si ring resonator. This compact resonator has two add ports and two drop ports. By pumping one add port by a continuous laser, ... More

Spatial pattern of discrete and ultradiscrete Gray-Scott modelMay 23 2013Ultradiscretization is a limiting procedure transforming a given difference equation into a cellular automaton. In addition the cellular automaton constructed by this procedure preserves the essential properties of the original equation, such as the structure ... More

The hamburger theoremMar 23 2015Aug 02 2016We generalize the ham sandwich theorem to $d+1$ measures in $\mathbb{R}^d$ as follows. Let $\mu_1,\mu_2, \dots, \mu_{d+1}$ be absolutely continuous finite Borel measures on $\mathbb{R}^d$. Let $\omega_i=\mu_i(\mathbb{R}^d)$ for $i\in [d+1]$, $\omega=\min\{\omega_i; ... More

Scaling analysis of Kondo screening cloud in a mesoscopic ring with an embedded quantum dotDec 01 2010The Kondo effect is theoretically studied in a quantum dot embedded in a mesoscopic ring. The ring is connected to two external leads, which enables the transport measurement. Using the "poor man's" scaling method, we obtain analytical expressions of ... More

Kondo resonant spectra in coupled quantum dotsMar 05 2001The Kondo effect in coupled quantum dots is investigated from the viewpoint of transmission spectroscopy using the slave-boson formalism of the Anderson model. The antiferromagnetic spin-spin coupling $J$ between the dots is taken into account. Conductance ... More

Electronic States in Silicon Quantum Dots: Multivalley Artificial AtomsApr 10 2003Electronic states in silicon quantum dots are examined theoretically, taking into account a multivalley structure of the conduction band. We find that (i) exchange interaction hardly works between electrons in different valleys. In consequence electrons ... More

Ability of stabilizer quantum error correction to protect itself from its own imperfectionSep 09 2014Dec 02 2014The theory of stabilizer quantum error correction allows us to actively stabilize quantum states and simulate ideal quantum operations in a noisy environment. It is critical is to correctly diagnose noise from its syndrome and nullify it accordingly. ... More

Quantum error correction via less noisy qubitsFeb 20 2013Apr 23 2013Known quantum error correction schemes are typically able to take advantage of only a limited class of classical error-correcting codes. Entanglement-assisted quantum error correction is a partial solution which made it possible to exploit any classical ... More

Self-synchronizing pulse position modulation with error toleranceJan 15 2013May 05 2013Pulse position modulation (PPM) is a popular signal modulation technique which creates M-ary data by means of the position of a pulse within a time interval. While PPM and its variations have great advantages in many contexts, this type of modulation ... More

A Numerical Study of Spectral Flows of Hermitian Wilson-Dirac Operator and the Index Theorem in Abelian Gauge Theories on Finite LatticesDec 06 2000Jan 17 2001We investigate the index of the Neuberger's Dirac operator in abelian gauge theories on finite lattices by numerically analyzing the spectrum of the hermitian Wilson-Dirac operator for a continuous family of gauge fields connecting different topological ... More

Level optimization in the totally real caseFeb 27 2006In this paper, congruences between holomorphic Hilbert modular forms are studied. We show the best possible level optimization result outside l for l > 2 by solving the remaining case of Mazur principle when the degree of the totally real field is even. ... More

A stable cohomotopy refinement of Seiberg-Witten invariants: IApr 29 2002The monopole map defines an element in an equivariant stable cohomotopy group refining the Seiberg-Witten invariant. This first of two articles presents the details of the definition of the stable cohomotopy invariant and discusses its relation to the ... More

The perturbation of the Seiberg-Witten equations revisitedMay 06 2014Jun 21 2016We introduce a new class of perturbations of the Seiberg-Witten equations. Our perturbations offer flexibility in the way the Seiberg-Witten invariants are constructed and also shed a new light to LeBrun's curvature inequalities.

Enhanced spin Hall effect in semiconductor heterostructures with artificial potentialMay 28 2009We theoretically investigate an extrinsic spin Hall effect (SHE) in semiconductor heterostructures due to the scattering by an artificial potential created by antidot, STM tip, etc. The potential is electrically tunable. First, we formulate the SHE in ... More

Resonant tunneling and Fano resonance in quantum dots with electron-phonon interactionJan 16 2006Jan 21 2006We theoretically study the resonant tunneling and Fano resonance in quantum dots with electron-phonon (e-ph) interaction. We examine the bias-voltage ($V$) dependence of the decoherence, using Keldysh Green function method and perturbation with respect ... More

Unitary Quantum Error Correction without Error DetectionJan 02 2011Jan 07 2011We propose a quantum error correction without error detection. A quantum state $\rho_0$ combined with an ancilla state $\sigma$ is encoded unitarily and an error operator is applied on the encoded state. The recovery operation then produces a tensor product ... More

The hamburger theoremMar 23 2015Dec 16 2018We generalize the ham sandwich theorem to $d+1$ measures in $\mathbb{R}^d$ as follows. Let $\mu_1,\mu_2, \dots, \mu_{d+1}$ be absolutely continuous finite Borel measures on $\mathbb{R}^d$. Let $\omega_i=\mu_i(\mathbb{R}^d)$ for $i\in [d+1]$, $\omega=\min\{\omega_i; ... More

Molecular stochastic process on gold surface observed in broadband-infrared, background-suppressed, sum frequency generation spectroscopy: picosecond heat transfer to self-assembled monolayersMay 26 2014The picosecond thermal response of a normal octadecanethiol self-assembled monolayer on a gold surface was studied using pump-probe, broadband-infrared, background-suppressed and vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy. The orientation fluctuations ... More

An Accurate Quadrature Rule on the Sphere for Fast Computation of the Radiative Transport EquationAug 30 2014We present an accurate quadrature formula on the sphere with less localized quadrature points for efficient numerical computation of the radiative transport equation (RTE) in the three dimensions. High accuracy of the present method dramatically reduces ... More

A note for the global non-existence of semirelativistic equations with non-gauge invariant power type nonlinearityJan 15 2018The non-existence of global solutions for semirelativistic equations with non-gauge invariant power type nonlinearity is revisited by a relatively direct way with a pointwise estimate of fractional derivative of some test functions.

Instantaneous Quantum Channel Estimation during Quantum Information ProcessingMay 24 2014We present a nonintrusive method for reliably estimating the noise level during quantum computation and quantum communication protected by quantum error-correcting codes. As preprocessing of quantum error correction, our scheme estimates the current noise ... More

Block synchronization for quantum informationJun 01 2012Feb 12 2013Locating the boundaries of consecutive blocks of quantum information is a fundamental building block for advanced quantum computation and quantum communication systems. We develop a coding theoretic method for properly locating boundaries of quantum information ... More

Finite type invariants of words and Arnold's invariantsAug 27 2008We define a new finite type invariant for stably homeomorphic class of curves on compact oriented surfaces without boundaries and extend to a regular homotopy invariant for spherical curves.

Partial Breaking of N=2 Supersymmetry and Decoupling Limit of Nambu-Goldstone Fermion in U(N) Gauge ModelSep 05 2006Mar 12 2007We study the N=1 U(N) gauge model obtained by spontaneous breaking of N=2 supersymmetry. The Fayet-Iliopoulos term included in the N=2 action does not appear in the action on the N=1 vacuum and the superpotential is modified to break discrete R symmetry. ... More

Using arbitrary parity-check matrices for quantum error correction assisted by less noisy qubitsJul 30 2014Recently a framework for assisted quantum error correction was proposed in which a specific type of error is allowed to occur on auxiliary qubits, which is in contrast to standard entanglement assistance that requires noiseless auxiliary qubits. However, ... More

Parsing a sequence of qubitsJul 04 2012Jul 02 2013We develop a theoretical framework for frame synchronization, also known as block synchronization, in the quantum domain which makes it possible to attach classical and quantum metadata to quantum information over a noisy channel even when the information ... More

Visualizing a large-scale structure of production network by N-body simulationJan 16 2009Our recent study of a nation-wide production network uncovered a community structure, namely how firms are connected by supplier-customer links into tightly-knit groups with high density in intra-groups and with lower connectivity in inter-groups. Here ... More

Subgroups generated by two pseudo-Anosov elements in a mapping class group. II. Uniform bound on exponentsAug 07 2009Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface, and $\Mod(S)$ its mapping class group. Then there exists a constant $M(S)$, which depends on $S$, with the following property. Suppose $a,b \in \Mod(S)$ are independent (i.e., $[a^n,b^m]\not=1$ for any $n,m \not=0$) ... More

Even-freeness of cyclic 2-designsOct 28 2012A Steiner 2-design of block size k is an ordered pair (V, B) of finite sets such that B is a family of k-subsets of V in which each pair of elements of V appears exactly once. A Steiner 2-design is said to be r-even-free if for every positive integer ... More

Zipf Law in Firms BankruptcyOct 03 2003Using an exhaustive list of Japanese bankruptcy in 1997, we discover a Zipf law for the distribution of total liabilities of bankrupted firms in high debt range. The life-time of these bankrupted firms has exponential distribution in correlation with ... More

Deformation rings and Hecke algebras in the totally real caseFeb 27 2006Jul 25 2006One of the basic questions in number theory is to determine semi-simple l-adic representations of the absolute Galois group of a number field. In this paper, we discuss the question for two dimensional representations over a totally real number field. ... More

Projective measurement onto arbitrary superposition of coherent state basesFeb 21 2017Feb 15 2018One of the peculiar features in quantum mechanics is that a superposition of macroscopically distinct states can exits. In optical system, this is highlighted by a superposition of coherent states (SCS), i.e. a superposition of classical states. Recently ... More

Satellite-to-ground quantum communication using a 50-kg-class micro-satelliteJul 12 2017Recent rapid growth in the number of satellite-constellation programs for remote sensing and communications, thanks to the availability of small-size and low-cost satellites, provides impetus for high capacity laser communication (lasercom) in space. ... More

Optimum detection for extracting maximum information from symmetric qubit setsJun 29 2001Sep 06 2001We demonstrate a class of optimum detection strategies for extracting the maximum information from sets of equiprobable real symmetric qubit states of a single photon. These optimum strategies have been predicted by Sasaki et al. [Phys. Rev. A{\bf 59}, ... More

Displacement receiver for phase-shift-keyed coherent statesAug 09 2012Quantum receiver is an important tool for overcoming the standard quantum limit (SQL) of discrimination errors in optical communication. We theoretically study the quantum receivers for discriminating ternary and quaternary phase shift keyed coherent ... More

Optical phase estimation via coherent state and displaced photon countingApr 15 2016Jun 21 2016We consider the phase sensing via weak optical coherent state at quantum limit precision. A new detection scheme for the phase estimation is proposed which is inspired by the suboptimal quantum measurement in coherent optical communication. We theoretically ... More

Optimal conditions for Bell test using spontaneous parametric down-conversion sourcesAug 25 2018We theoretically and experimentally investigate the optimal conditions for the Bell experiment using spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC) sources. In theory, we show that relatively large average photon number (typically $\sim$0.5) is desirable ... More

Temperature Dependent Performances of Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors in an Ultralow-Temperature RegionSep 21 2010We present the performances of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) in an ultralow-temperature region from 16 mK to 4 K. The system detection efficiency of the SNSPD showed saturation in the bias-current and temperature dependences, ... More

Maintenance-free Operation of WDM Quantum Key Distribution System through a Field Fiber over 30 DaysAug 05 2013Maintenance-free wavelength-division-multiplexing quantum key distribution for 30 days was achieved through a 22-km field fiber. Using polarization-independent interferometers and stabilization techniques, we attained a quantum bit error rate as low as ... More

Quantum receiver beyond the standard quantum limit of coherent optical communicationMar 29 2011The most efficient modern optical communication is known as coherent communication and its standard quantum limit (SQL) is almost reachable with current technology. Though it has been predicted for a long time that this SQL could be overcome via quantum ... More

Sub-shot-noise-limit discrimination of on-off keyed coherent signals via a quantum receiver with a superconducting transition edge sensorFeb 15 2010We demonstrate a sub-shot-noise-limit discrimination of on-off keyed coherent signals by an optimal displacement quantum receiver in which a superconducting transition edge sensor is installed. Use of a transition edge sensor and a fiber beam splitter ... More

QKD from a microsatellite: the SOTA experienceOct 26 2018The transmission and reception of polarized quantum-limited signals from space is of capital interest for a variety of fundamental-physics experiments and quantum-communication protocols. Specifically, Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) deals with the problem ... More

Unbreakable distributed storage with quantum key distribution network and password-authenticated secret sharingJul 02 2016Distributed storage plays an essential role in realizing robust and secure data storage in a network over long periods of time. A distributed storage system consists of a data owner machine, multiple storage servers and channels to link them. In such ... More

Time-bin entangled photon pair generation from Si micro-ring resonatorJan 23 2015We demonstrate time-bin entanglement generation in telecom wavelength using a 7 {\mu}m radius Si micro-ring resonator pumped by a continuous wave laser. The resonator structure can enhance spontaneous four wave mixing, leading to a photon pair generation ... More

Updating Quantum Cryptography Report ver. 1May 27 2009Quantum cryptographic technology (QCT) is expected to be a fundamental technology for realizing long-term information security even against as-yet-unknown future technologies. More advanced security could be achieved using QCT together with contemporary ... More

Countermeasure against tailored bright illumination attack for DPS-QKDAug 10 2013We propose a countermeasure against the so-call tailored bright illumination attacl dor Differential-Phase-Shift QKD (DPS-QKD). By Monitoring a rate of coincidence detection at a pair of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SSPDs) which is ... More

Quantum synchronizable codes from finite geometriesNov 14 2013Sep 06 2014Quantum synchronizable error-correcting codes are special quantum error-correcting codes that are designed to correct both the effect of quantum noise on qubits and misalignment in block synchronization. It is known that in principle such a code can be ... More

Quark-model Baryon-Baryon Interaction Applied to the Neutron-Deuteron Scattering. I Noyes-Kowalski Approach to the AGS EquationsAug 23 2010Feb 15 2011We solve the neutron-deuteron (nd) scattering in the Faddeev formalism, employing the NN sector of the quark-model baryon-baryon interaction fss2. The energy-dependence of the NN interaction, inherent to the resonating-group formulation of the quark-model ... More

Probabilistic bounds on the trapping redundancy of linear codesApr 04 2016The trapping redundancy of a linear code is the number of rows of a smallest parity-check matrix such that no submatrix forms an $(a,b)$-trapping set. This concept was first introduced in the context of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes in an attempt ... More

Streda formula for the Hofstadter-Wilson-Dirac model in two and four dimensionsSep 09 2016Nov 29 2016We rederive the spectral asymmetry of the Wilson-Dirac model in external fields, paying attention to the Chern number due to the Berry connection. We interpret the smooth part of the spectral asymmetry as the Streda formula that is originally derived ... More

Large-scale electronic structure theory for simulating nanostructure processOct 20 2006Fundamental theories and practical methods for large-scale electronic structure calculations are given, in which the computational cost is proportional to the system size. Accuracy controlling methods for microscopic freedoms are focused on two practical ... More

Dynamical brittle fractures of nanocrystalline silicon using large-scale electronic structure calculationsOct 17 2002Jul 10 2003A hybrid scheme between large-scale electronic structure calculations is developed and applied to nanocrystalline silicon with more than 10$^5$ atoms. Dynamical fracture processes are simulated under external loads in the [001] direction. We shows that ... More

Duality between front and rear mutations in cluster algebrasAug 06 2018We study the duality between the mutations and the rear mutations in cluster algebras, where the rear mutations are the transformations of rational expressions of cluster variables in terms of the initial cluster under the change of the initial cluster. ... More

Graph manifolds as ends of negatively curved Riemannian manifoldsMar 18 2019Apr 03 2019Let $M$ be a graph manifold such that each piece of its JSJ decomposition has the $\Bbb H^2 \times \Bbb R$ geometry. Assume that the pieces are glued by isometries. Then, there exists a complete Riemannian metric on $\Bbb R \times M$ which is an "eventually ... More

On the joint spectral radius for isometries of non-positively curved spaces and uniform growthApr 02 2018We recast the notion of joint spectral radius in the setting of groups acting by isometries on non-positively curved spaces and give geometric versions of results of Berger-Wang and Bochi valid for $\delta$-hyperbolic spaces and for symmetric spaces of ... More

On quasihomomorphisms with noncommutative targetsDec 28 2013Jul 08 2015We describe structure of quasihomomorphisms from arbitrary groups to discrete groups. We show that all quasihomomorphisms are 'constructible', i.e., are obtained via certain natural operations from homomorphisms to some groups and quasihomomorphisms to ... More

Foundations of Rigid Geometry IAug 21 2013Feb 28 2017In this research oriented manuscript, foundational aspects of rigid geometry are discussed, putting emphasis on birational side of formal schemes and topological feature of rigid spaces. Besides the rigid geometry itself, topics include the general theory ... More

Duality between Final-Seed and Initial-Seed Mutations in Cluster AlgebrasAug 06 2018May 15 2019We study the duality between the mutations and the initial-seed mutations in cluster algebras, where the initial-seed mutations are the transformations of rational expressions of cluster variables in terms of the initial cluster under the change of the ... More

Network Implosion: Effective Model Compression for ResNets via Static Layer Pruning and RetrainingJun 10 2019Residual Networks with convolutional layers are widely used in the field of machine learning. Since they effectively extract features from input data by stacking multiple layers, they can achieve high accuracy in many applications. However, the stacking ... More

Random groups have fixed points on CAT(0) cube complexesDec 19 2010We prove that a random group has fixed points when it isometrically acts on a CAT(0) cube complex. We do not assume that the action is simplicial.

Efficient detection of a highly bright photon source using superconducting nanowire single photon detectorsSep 05 2013May 06 2014We investigate the detection of an ultra-bright single-photon source using highly efficient superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) at telecom wavelengths. Both the single-photon source and the detectors are characterized in detail. ... More

Pulsed Sagnac polarization-entangled photon source with a PPKTP crystal at telecom wavelengthNov 14 2013May 06 2014We demonstrate pulsed polarization-entangled photons generated from a periodically poled $\mathrm{KTiOPO_4}$ (PPKTP) crystal in a Sagnac interferometer configuration at telecom wavelength. Since the group-velocity-matching (GVM) condition is satisfied, ... More

Topological Phase Transition in Metallic Single-Wall Carbon NanotubeOct 17 2016Topological phase transition is theoretically studied in a metallic single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) by applying a magnetic field B parallel to the tube. The Z topological invariant, winding number, is changed discontinuously when a small band gap is ... More

Non-crossing geometric spanning trees with bounded degree and monochromatic leaves on bicolored point setsDec 07 2018Let $R$ and $B$ be a set of red points and a set of blue points in the plane, respectively, such that $R\cup B$ is in general position, and let $f:R \to \{2,3,4, \ldots \}$ be a function. We show that if $2\le |B|\le \sum_{x\in R}(f(x)-2) + 2$, then there ... More

International Stock Market Efficiency: A Non-Bayesian Time-Varying Model ApproachMar 23 2012May 04 2014This paper develops a non-Bayesian methodology to analyze the time-varying structure of international linkages and market efficiency in G7 countries. We consider a non-Bayesian time-varying vector autoregressive (TV-VAR) model, and apply it to estimate ... More

Spin-selective electron transfer in quantum dot arrayDec 26 2016Nov 20 2017We propose a spin-selective coherent electron transfer in a silicon-quantum-dot array. Oscillating magnetic fields and temporally controlled gate voltages are utilised to separate the electron wave function into different quantum dots depending on the ... More

Effective-Range Expansion of the Neutron-Deuteron Scattering Studied by a Quark-Model Nonlocal Gaussian PotentialOct 11 2010Jan 15 2011The S-wave effective range parameters of the neutron-deuteron (nd) scattering are derived in the Faddeev formalism, using a nonlocal Gaussian potential based on the quark-model baryon-baryon interaction fss2. The spin-doublet low-energy eigenphase shift ... More

Coarse-graining and Self-similarity of Price FluctuationsJan 12 2001We propose a new approach for analyzing price fluctuations in their strongly correlated regime ranging from minutes to months. This is done by employing a self-similarity assumption for the magnitude of coarse-grained price fluctuation or volatility. ... More

Data processing for qubit state tomography: An information geometric approachAug 29 2016A statistically feasible data post-processing method for the conventional qubit state tomography is studied from an information geometrical point of view. It is shown that the space $(-1,1)^3$ of the Stokes parameters $(\xi_1, \xi_2,\xi_3)$ that specify ... More

Uncorrectable Errors of Weight Half the Minimum Distance for Binary Linear CodesApr 25 2008Apr 30 2008A lower bound on the number of uncorrectable errors of weight half the minimum distance is derived for binary linear codes satisfying some condition. The condition is satisfied by some primitive BCH codes, extended primitive BCH codes, Reed-Muller codes, ... More

Relations between the Local Weight Distributions of a Linear Block Code, Its Extended Code, and Its Even Weight SubcodeAug 02 2005Relations between the local weight distributions of a binary linear code, its extended code, and its even weight subcode are presented. In particular, for a code of which the extended code is transitive invariant and contains only codewords with weight ... More

New algorithm of the high-temperature expansion for the Ising model in three dimensionsSep 03 2002New algorithm of the finite lattice method is presented to generate the high-temperature expansion series of the Ising model. It enables us to obtain much longer series in three dimensions when compared not only to the previous algorithm of the finite ... More

Electronic structure of the MO oxides (M=Mg, Ca, Ti, V) in the GW approximationOct 20 2001Dec 19 2002The quasiparticle band structures of nonmagnetic monoxides, MO (M=Mg, Ca, Ti, and V), are calculated by the GW approximation. The band gap and the width of occupied oxygen 2p states in insulating MgO and CaO agree with experimental observation. In metallic ... More

A Z$_2$ index of Dirac operator with time reversal symmetryMay 22 2009With time reversal symmetry a Dirac operator has vanishing index and Chern number. We show that we can nevertheless define a nontrivial Z$_2$ index as well as a corresponding topological invariant given by gauge field, which implies that such a Dirac ... More

Quantization of non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systemsMar 18 2009We present a quantized non-Abelian Berry phase for time reversal invariant systems such as quantum spin Hall effect. Ordinary Berry phase is defined by an integral of Berry's gauge potential along a loop (an integral of the Chern-Simons one-form), whereas ... More

Electronic Structure of Transition Metals Fe, Ni and Cu in the GW ApproximationNov 12 2002Mar 18 2003The quasiparticle band structures of 3d transition metals, ferromagnetic Fe, Ni and paramagnetic Cu, are calculated by the GW approximation. The width of occupied 3d valence band, which is overestimated in the LSDA, is in good agreement with experimental ... More

Generalized index theorem for topological superconductors with Yang-Mills-Higgs couplingsApr 04 2012We investigate an index theorem for a Bogoliubov-de Gennes Hamiltonian (BdGH) describing a topological superconductor with Yang-Mills-Higgs couplings in arbitrary dimensions. We find that the index of the BdGH is determined solely by the asymptotic behavior ... More

New Algorithm of the Finite Lattice Method for the High-temperature Expansion of the Ising Model in Three DimensionsAug 31 2002We propose a new algorithm of the finite lattice method to generate the high-temperature series for the Ising model in three dimensions. It enables us to extend the series for the free energy of the simple cubic lattice from the previous series of 26th ... More

Electronic structure and effects of dynamical electron correlation in ferromagnetic bcc-Fe, fcc-Ni and antiferromagnetic NiOSep 25 2008Sep 26 2008LDA+DMFT method in the framework of the iterative perturbation theory (IPT) with full LDA Hamiltonian without mapping onto the effective Wannier orbitals. We then apply this LDA+DMFT method to ferromagnetic bcc-Fe and fcc-Ni as a test of transition metal, ... More

k-dependent spectrum and optical conductivity near metal-insulator transition in multi-orbital Hubbard bandsDec 16 2004We apply the dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) in the iterative perturbation theory(IPT) to doubly degenerate eg bands and triply degenerate tg bands on a simple cubic lattice and calculate the spectrum and optical conductivity in arbitrary electron ... More

Graph manifolds as ends of negatively curved Riemannian manifoldsMar 18 2019We prove that for a flip manifold $M$, which is a certain (3-dimensional) graph manifold, there exists a complete Riemannian metric on $\Bbb R \times M$ which is an ``eventually warped cusp metric'' with the sectional curvature $K$ satisfying $-1 \le ... More

Bounded cohomology of subgroups of mapping class groupsDec 14 2000Mar 06 2002We show that every subgroup of the mapping class group MCG(S) of a compact surface S is either virtually abelian or it has infinite dimensional second bounded cohomology. As an application, we give another proof of the Farb-Kaimanovich-Masur rigidity ... More