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$\ell^2$-Betti numbers of random rooted simplicial complexesOct 23 2018May 10 2019We define unimodular measures on the space of rooted simplicial complexes and associate to each measure a chain complex and a trace function. As a consequence, we can define $\ell^2$-Betti numbers of unimodular random rooted simplicial complexes and show ... More

Equivariant Benjamini-Schramm Convergence of Simplicial Complexes and $\ell^2$-MultiplicitiesMay 14 2019We define a variant of Benjamini-Schramm convergence for finite simplicial complexes with the action of a fixed finite group G which leads to the notion of random rooted simplicial G-complexes. For every random rooted simplicial G-complex we define a ... More

$\ell^2$-Betti numbers of random rooted simplicial complexesOct 23 2018We define unimodular measures on the space of rooted simplicial complexes and associate to each measure a chain complex and a trace function. As a consequence, we can define $\ell^2$-Betti numbers of unimodular random rooted simplicial complexes and show ... More

Vanishing of $\ell^2$-Betti numbers of locally compact groups as an invariant of coarse equivalenceFeb 06 2017Mar 28 2018We provide a proof that the vanishing of $\ell^2$-Betti numbers of unimodular locally compact second countable groups is an invariant of coarse equivalence.

Weyl group action and semicanonical basesApr 05 2011Let U be the enveloping algebra of a symmetric Kac-Moody algebra. The Weyl group acts on U, up to a sign. In addition, the positive subalgebra U^+ contains a so-called semicanonical basis, with remarkable properties. The aim of this paper is to show that ... More

The canonical basis and the quantum Frobenius morphismDec 31 2011Jan 21 2012The first goal of this paper is to study the amount of compatibility between two important constructions in the theory of quantized enveloping algebras, namely the canonical basis and the quantum Frobenius morphism. The second goal is to study orders ... More

TASI Lectures on InflationJul 30 2009Nov 30 2012In a series of five lectures I review inflationary cosmology. I begin with a description of the initial conditions problems of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) cosmology and then explain how inflation, an early period of accelerated expansion, solves ... More

On the Quantum Origin of Structure in the Inflationary UniverseOct 16 2007In this lecture I give a pedagogical introduction to inflationary cosmology with a special focus on the quantum generation of cosmological perturbations.

The Hall algebra of the category of coherent sheaves on the projective lineJun 06 1999To an abelian category A of homological dimension 1 satisfying certain finiteness conditions, one can associate an algebra, called the Hall algebra. Kapranov studied this algebra when A is the category of coherent sheaves over a smooth projective curve ... More

Equilateral Non-Gaussianity and New Physics on the HorizonFeb 25 2011Mar 23 2011We examine the effective theory of single-field inflation in the limit where the scalar perturbations propagate with a small speed of sound. In this case the non-linearly realized time-translation symmetry of the Lagrangian implies large interactions, ... More

Inflation and String TheoryApr 09 2014We review cosmological inflation and its realization in quantum field theory and in string theory. This material is a portion of a book, also entitled "Inflation and String Theory", to be published by Cambridge University Press.

Towards Vulnerability Analysis of Voice-Driven Interfaces and Countermeasures for ReplayApr 13 2019Fake audio detection is expected to become an important research area in the field of smart speakers such as Google Home, Amazon Echo and chatbots developed for these platforms. This paper presents replay attack vulnerability of voice-driven interfaces ... More

A New Target for Cosmic Axion SearchesApr 28 2016Nov 05 2016Future CMB experiments have the potential to probe the density of relativistic species at the sub-percent level. Sensitivity at this level allows light thermal relics to be detected up to arbitrarily high decoupling temperatures. Conversely, the absence ... More

Non-Gaussianity as a Particle DetectorJul 13 2016We study the imprints of massive particles with spin on cosmological correlators. Using the framework of the effective field theory of inflation, we classify the couplings of these particles to the Goldstone boson of broken time translations and the graviton. ... More

B-modes and the Nature of InflationJul 09 2014Dec 09 2015Observations of the cosmic microwave background do not yet determine whether inflation was driven by a slowly-rolling scalar field or involved another physical mechanism. In this paper we discuss the prospects of using the power spectra of scalar and ... More

The Mirkovic-Vilonen basis and Duistermaat-Heckman measuresMay 21 2019Using the geometric Satake correspondence, the Mirkovic-Vilonen cycles in the affine Grasssmannian give bases for representations of a semisimple group G . We prove that these bases are "perfect", i.e. compatible with the action of the Chevelley generators ... More

Space-time Galerkin POD with application in optimal control of semi-linear parabolic partial differential equationsNov 12 2016In the context of Galerkin discretizations of a partial differential equation (PDE), the modes of the classical method of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) can be interpreted as the ansatz and trial functions of a low-dimensional Galerkin scheme. ... More

Affine Mirković-Vilonen polytopesOct 17 2011Jun 10 2013Each integrable lowest weight representation of a symmetrizable Kac-Moody Lie algebra g has a crystal in the sense of Kashiwara, which describes its combinatorial properties. For a given g, there is a limit crystal, usually denoted by B(-\infty), which ... More

Bose-Einstein condensation of 162Dy and 160DyNov 12 2014We report Bose-Einstein condensation of two isotopes of the highly magnetic element dysprosium: 162Dy and 160Dy. For 162Dy, condensates with 10^5 atoms form below T = 50 nK. We find the evaporation efficiency for the isotope 160Dy to be poor; however, ... More

Partially Massless Fields During InflationDec 18 2017Apr 21 2018The representation theory of de Sitter space allows for a category of partially massless particles which have no flat space analog, but could have existed during inflation. We study the couplings of these exotic particles to inflationary perturbations ... More

Signs of Analyticity in Single-Field InflationFeb 25 2015Dec 09 2015The analyticity of response functions and scattering amplitudes implies powerful relations between low-energy observables and the underlying short-distance dynamics. These 'IR/UV' relations are rooted in basic physical principles, such as causality and ... More

Systems of Differential Algebraic Equations in Computational ElectromagneticsFeb 19 2018Nov 02 2018Starting from space-discretisation of Maxwell's equations, various classical formulations are proposed for the simulation of electromagnetic fields. They differ in the phenomena considered as well as in the variables chosen for discretisation. This contribution ... More

Prostate biopsy tracking with deformation estimationJul 07 2011Transrectal biopsies under 2D ultrasound (US) control are the current clinical standard for prostate cancer diagnosis. The isoechogenic nature of prostate carcinoma makes it necessary to sample the gland systematically, resulting in a low sensitivity. ... More

Fusion d'images: application au contrôle de la distribution des biopsies prostatiquesMay 19 2008This paper is about the application of a 3D ultrasound data fusion technique to the 3D reconstruction of prostate biopies in a reference volume. The method is introduced and its evaluation on a series of data coming from 15 patients is described.

3D-Ultrasound probe calibration for computer-guided diagnosis and therapyJan 24 2008With the emergence of swept-volume ultrasound (US) probes, precise and almost real-time US volume imaging has become available. This offers many new opportunities for computer guided diagnosis and therapy, 3-D images containing significantly more information ... More

Towards 3D ultrasound image based soft tissue tracking: a transrectal ultrasound prostate image alignment systemDec 05 2007The emergence of real-time 3D ultrasound (US) makes it possible to consider image-based tracking of subcutaneous soft tissue targets for computer guided diagnosis and therapy. We propose a 3D transrectal US based tracking system for precise prostate biopsy ... More

Feedback Control Goes Wireless: Guaranteed Stability over Low-power Multi-hop NetworksApr 24 2018Feb 19 2019Closing feedback loops fast and over long distances is key to emerging applications; for example, robot motion control and swarm coordination require update intervals of tens of milliseconds. Low-power wireless technology is preferred for its low cost, ... More

Dielectrophoretic force-driven convection in annular geometry under Earth's gravityDec 13 2018Mar 20 2019Context: A radial temperature gradient together with an inhomogeneous radial electric field gradient is applied to a dielectric fluid confined in a vertical cylindrical annulus inducing thermal electro-hydrodynamic convection. Aims: Identification of ... More

A Delicate UniverseMay 25 2007We investigate whether explicit models of warped D-brane inflation are possible in string compactifications. To this end, we study the potential for D3-brane motion in a warped conifold that includes holomorphically-embedded D7-branes involved in moduli ... More

On D3-brane Potentials in Compactifications with Fluxes and Wrapped D-branesJul 07 2006Aug 29 2006We study the potential governing D3-brane motion in a warped throat region of a string compactification with internal fluxes and wrapped D-branes. If the Kahler moduli of the compact space are stabilized by nonperturbative effects, a D3-brane experiences ... More

Prostate Biopsy Assistance System with Gland Deformation Estimation for Enhanced PrecisionSep 30 2009Computer-assisted prostate biopsies became a very active research area during the last years. Prostate tracking makes it possi- ble to overcome several drawbacks of the current standard transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy procedure, namely the insufficient ... More

Roton-type mode softening in a quantum gas with cavity-mediated long-range interactionsMar 06 2012Sep 28 2012Long-range interactions in quantum gases are predicted to give rise to an excitation spectrum of roton character, similar to that observed in superfluid helium. We investigate the excitation spectrum of a Bose-Einstein condensate with cavity-mediated ... More

Dielectrophoretic force-driven convection in annular geometry under Earth's gravityDec 13 2018Apr 15 2019Context: A radial temperature gradient together with an inhomogeneous radial electric field gradient is applied to a dielectric fluid confined in a vertical cylindrical annulus inducing thermal electro-hydrodynamic convection. Aims: Identification of ... More

Removing Leakage and Surface Recombination in Planar Perovskite Solar CellsFeb 18 2019Thin-film solar cells suffer from various types of recombination, of which leakage current usually dominates at lower voltages. Herein, we demonstrate first a three-order reduction of the shunt loss mechanism in planar methylammonium lead iodide perovskite ... More

Unusual temperature evolution of superconductivity in LiFeAsSep 11 2015We have performed temperature dependent tunneling spectroscopy on an impurity-free surface area of a LiFeAs single crystal. Our data reveal a highly unusual temperature evolution of superconductivity: at $T_c^*=18$~K a partial superconducting gap opens, ... More

Framework for 3D TransRectal UltrasoundJan 25 2008Prostate biopsies are mainly performed under 2D TransRectal UltraSound (TRUS) control by sampling the prostate according to a predefined pattern. In case of first biopsies, this pattern follows a random systematic plan. Sometimes, repeat biopsies can ... More

An adjustable-length cavity and Bose-Einstein condensate apparatus for multimode cavity QEDNov 20 2014We present a novel cavity QED system in which a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is trapped within a high-finesse optical cavity whose length may be adjusted to access both single-mode and multimode configurations. We demonstrate the coupling of an atomic ... More

A Worst-case Bound for Topology Computation of Algebraic CurvesApr 08 2011Computing the topology of an algebraic plane curve $\mathcal{C}$ means to compute a combinatorial graph that is isotopic to $\mathcal{C}$ and thus represents its topology in $\mathbb{R}^2$. We prove that, for a polynomial of degree $n$ with coefficients ... More

Comparison between step strains and slow steady shear in a bubble raftDec 20 2004We report on a comparison between stress relaxations after an applied step strain and stress relaxations during slow, continuous strain in a bubble raft. A bubble raft serves as a model two-dimensional foam and consists of a single layer of bubbles on ... More

The periodic Floer homology of a Dehn twistOct 04 2004May 02 2005The periodic Floer homology of a surface symplectomorphism, defined by the first author and M. Thaddeus, is the homology of a chain complex which is generated by certain unions of periodic orbits, and whose differential counts certain embedded pseudoholomorphic ... More

An algorithm for quantifying dependence in multivariate data setsJul 04 2012Sep 27 2012We describe an algorithm to quantify dependence in a multivariate data set. The algorithm is able to identify any linear and non-linear dependence in the data set by performing a hypothesis test for two variables being independent. As a result we obtain ... More

Logic Programming with Graph Automorphism: Integrating naut with Prolog (Tool Description)Jul 17 2016Aug 01 2016This paper presents the plnauty~library, a Prolog interface to the nauty graph-automorphism tool. Adding the capabilities of nauty to Prolog combines the strength of the "generate and prune" approach that is commonly used in logic programming and constraint ... More

Examples of nonpolygonal limit shapes in i.i.d. first-passage percolation and infinite coexistence in spatial growth modelsSep 13 2010Mar 13 2013We construct an edge-weight distribution for i.i.d. first-passage percolation on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ whose limit shape is not a polygon and whose extreme points are arbitrarily dense in the boundary. Consequently, the associated Richardson-type growth model ... More

Group analysis of differential equations and generalized functionsDec 28 1999We present an extension of the methods of classical Lie group analysis of differential equations to equations involving generalized functions (in particular: distributions). A suitable framework for such a generalization is provided by Colombeau's theory ... More

TASI Lectures on Primordial CosmologyJul 09 2018These lectures cover aspects of primordial cosmology with a focus on observational tests of physics beyond the Standard Model. The presentation is divided into two parts: In Part I, we study the production of new light particles in the hot big bang and ... More

The role of blood circulatory system in thermal regulation of animals explained by entropy production analysisAug 16 2013A novel model of thermal regulation of homoeothermic animals has been implemented. The model is based on a non-equilibrium thermodynamic approach which introduces entropy balance and the rate of entropy generation as a formulation of The Second Law. The ... More

Hysteresis and phase transitions in a lattice regularization of an ill-posed forward-backward diffusion equationOct 18 2016We consider a lattice regularization for an ill-posed diffusion equation with trilinear constitutive law and study the dynamics of phase interfaces in the parabolic scaling limit. Our main result guarantees for a certain class of single-interface initial ... More

Stopping Active Learning based on Predicted Change of F Measure for Text ClassificationJan 26 2019During active learning, an effective stopping method allows users to limit the number of annotations, which is cost effective. In this paper, a new stopping method called Predicted Change of F Measure will be introduced that attempts to provide the users ... More

A note on Neumann problems on graphsMar 22 2018We discuss Neumann problems for self-adjoint Laplacians on (possibly infinite) graphs. Under the assumption that the heat semigroup is ultracontractive we discuss the unique solvability for non-empty subgraphs with respect to the vertex boundary and provide ... More

Hysteresis and phase transitions in a lattice regularization of an ill-posed forward-backward diffusion equationOct 18 2016Aug 06 2017We consider a lattice regularization for an ill-posed diffusion equation with trilinear constitutive law and study the dynamics of phase interfaces in the parabolic scaling limit. Our main result guarantees for a certain class of single-interface initial ... More

A short-orbit spectrometer for low-energy pion detection in electroproduction experiments at MAMIMay 10 2017Aug 22 2017A new Short-Orbit Spectrometer (SOS) has been constructed and installed within the experimental facility of the A1 collaboration at Mainz Microtron (MAMI), with the goal to detect low-energy pions. It is equipped with a Browne-Buechner magnet and a detector ... More

Probing the Unconventional Superconducting State of LiFeAs by Quasiparticle InterferenceJun 21 2011Mar 20 2012A crucial step in revealing the nature of unconventional superconductivity is to investigate the symmetry of the superconducting order parameter. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy has proven a powerful technique to probe this symmetry by measuring the quasiparticle ... More

Beyond backscattering: Optical neuroimaging by BRADDec 01 2017May 02 2018Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful technology for rapid volumetric imaging in biomedicine. The bright field imaging approach of conventional OCT systems is based on the detection of directly backscattered light, thereby waiving the wealth ... More

Development of a Novel Robot for Transperineal Needle Based Interventions: Focal Therapy, Brachytherapy and Prostate BiopsiesAug 31 2012Purpose: We report what is to our knowledge the initial experience with a new 3-dimensional ultrasound robotic system for prostate brachytherapy assistance, focal therapy and prostate biopsies. Its ability to track prostate motion intraoperatively allows ... More

Aid to Percutaneous Renal Access by Virtual Projection of the Ultrasound Puncture Tract onto Fluoroscopic ImagesMay 30 2007Background and Purpose: Percutaneous renal access in the context of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a difficult technique, requiring rapid and precise access to a particular calix. We present a computerized system designed to improve percutaneous ... More

CPT and Other Symmetries in String/M TheorySep 20 2004Feb 05 2005We initiate a search for non-perturbative consistency conditions in M theory. Some non-perturbative conditions are already known in Type I theories; we review these and search for others. We focus principally on possible anomalies in discrete symmetries. ... More

On exponential domination of the consecutive circulant graphDec 14 2017For a graph $G,$ we consider $D \subset V(G)$ to be a porous exponential dominating set if $1\le \sum_{d \in D}$ $\left( \frac{1}{2} \right)^{\text{dist}(d,v) -1}$ for every $v \in V(G),$ where dist$(d,v)$ denotes the length of the smallest $dv$ path. ... More

Nongeminate recombination in neat P3HT and P3HT:PCBM blend filmsMar 28 2014Apr 07 2014The slow decay of charge carriers in polymer-fullerene blends measured in transient studies has raised a number of questions about the mechanisms of nongeminate recombination in these systems. In an attempt to understand this behavior, we have applied ... More

On Covert Acoustical Mesh Networks in AirJun 04 2014Covert channels can be used to circumvent system and network policies by establishing communications that have not been considered in the design of the computing system. We construct a covert channel between different computing systems that utilizes audio ... More

Root Refinement for Real PolynomialsApr 07 2011Jun 12 2013We consider the problem of approximating all real roots of a square-free polynomial $f$. Given isolating intervals, our algorithm refines each of them to a width of $2^{-L}$ or less, that is, each of the roots is approximated to $L$ bits after the binary ... More

A linear programming method for exponential dominationJan 19 2018Mar 01 2018For a graph $G,$ the set $D \subseteq V(G)$ is a porous exponential dominating set if $1 \le \sum_{d \in D} \left( 2 \right)^{1-dist(d,v)}$ for every $v \in V(G),$ where $dist(d,v)$ denotes the length of the shortest $dv$ path. The porous exponential ... More

A natural probability measure derived from Stern's diatomic sequenceJun 01 2017Mar 15 2018Stern's diatomic sequence with its intrinsic repetition and refinement structure between consecutive powers of $2$ gives rise to a rather natural probability measure on the unit interval. We construct this measure and show that it is purely singular continuous, ... More

Vacuum instability and gravitational collapseNov 06 2002Dec 11 2002We argue that $(0,1)$ heterotic string models with 4 non-heterotic spacetime dimensions may provide an instability of the vacuum to gravitational polarization in globally strong gravitational fields. This instability would be triggered during gravitational ... More

SL(n,C)- Representation spaces of Knot GroupsFeb 11 2016The first part of this article is a general introduction to the the theory of representation spaces of discrete groups into SL(n,C). Special attention is paid to knot groups. In Section 2 we discuss the difference between the tangent space at the representation ... More

The Non-Existent Complex 6-SphereOct 25 2016The possible existence of a complex structure on the 6-sphere has been a famous unsolved problem for over 60 years. In that time many ``solutions'' have been put forward, in both directions. Mistakes have always been found. In this paper I present a short ... More

Boundary form factors in the Smirnov--Fateev model with a diagonal boundary $S$ matrixJan 07 2008The boundary conditions with diagonal boundary $S$ matrix and the boundary form factors for the Smirnov--Fateev model on a half line has been considered in the framework of the free field representation. In contrast to the case of the sine-Gordon model, ... More

Acoustic methods for measuring bullet velocityDec 27 2008This article describes two acoustic methods to measure bullet velocity with an accuracy of 1% or better. In one method, a microphone is placed within 0.1 m of the gun muzzle and a bullet is fired at a steel target 45 m away. The bullet's flight time is ... More

Sheaf and cosheaf methods for analyzing multi-model systemsApr 15 2016There is an interplay between models, specified by variables and equations, and their connections to one another. This dichotomy should be reflected in the abstract as well. Without referring to the models directly -- only that a model consists of spaces ... More

Intrinsic flat convergence with bounded Ricci curvatureMay 13 2014Apr 24 2015In this paper we address the relationship between Gromov-Hausdorff limits and intrinsic flat limits of complete Riemannian manifolds. In \cite{SormaniWenger2010, SormaniWenger2011}, Sormani-Wenger show that for a sequence of Riemannian manifolds with ... More

Generalization bound for kernel similarity learningOct 12 2016Similarity learning has received a large amount of interest and is an important tool for many scientific and industrial applications. In this framework, we wish to infer the distance (similarity) between points with respect to an arbitrary distance function ... More

On the autonomous metric on groups of Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms of closed hyperbolic surfacesMay 13 2013May 30 2014Let $\Sigma_g$ be a closed hyperbolic surface of genus $g$ and let $Ham(\Sigma_g)$ be the group of Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms of $\Sigma_g$. The most natural word metric on this group is the autonomous metric. It has many interesting properties, most ... More

Quasi-morphisms and L^p-metrics on groups of volume-preserving diffeomorphismsOct 14 2011Sep 03 2012Let M be a smooth compact connected oriented manifold of dimension at least two endowed with a volume form. We show that every homogeneous quasi-morphism on the identity component $Diff_0(M,vol)$ of the group of volume preserving diffeomorphisms of M, ... More

Isomorphisms of Hilbert C*-Modules and $*$-Isomorphisms of Related Operator C*-AlgebrasMay 09 1995Let $\cal M$ be a Banach C*-module over a C*-algebra $A$ carrying two $A$-valued inner products $< .,. >_1$, $<.,. >_2$ which induce equivalent to the given one norms on $\cal M$. Then the appropriate unital C*-algebras of adjointable bounded $A$-linear ... More

A half-normal distribution scheme for generating functions and the unexpected behavior of Motzkin pathsMay 10 2016We present an extension of a theorem by Michael Drmota and Mich\`ele Soria [Images and Preimages in Random Mappings, 1997] that can be used to identify the limiting distribution for a class of combinatorial schemata. This is achieved by determining analytical ... More

"Did I Say Something Wrong?" A Word-Level Analysis of Wikipedia Articles for Deletion DiscussionsMar 25 2016This thesis focuses on gaining linguistic insights into textual discussions on a word level. It was of special interest to distinguish messages that constructively contribute to a discussion from those that are detrimental to them. Thereby, we wanted ... More

Processing Complex Sentences in the Centering FrameworkMay 14 1996We extend the centering model for the resolution of intra-sentential anaphora and specify how to handle complex sentences. An empirical evaluation indicates that the functional information structure guides the search for an antecedent within the sentence. ... More

Never Look Back: An Alternative to CenteringJun 25 1998I propose a model for determining the hearer's attentional state which depends solely on a list of salient discourse entities (S-list). The ordering among the elements of the S-list covers also the function of the backward-looking center in the centering ... More

Measuring the Size of Large No-Limit Poker GamesFeb 27 2013Mar 07 2013In the field of computational game theory, games are often compared in terms of their size. This can be measured in several ways, including the number of unique game states, the number of decision points, and the total number of legal actions over all ... More

The Universal Severi Variety of Rational Curves on K3 SurfacesOct 19 2011We investigate the universal Severi variety of rational curves on K3 surfaces, which parametrises irreducible rational curves in a fixed class on varying K3 surfaces of fixed genus. We investigate the conjecuted irreducibility of this space in the case ... More

Equivariant Cohomology and Representations of the Symmetric GroupDec 21 2000A cohomological study is made of an equivariant map betwen the configuration space of n points in space and the flag manifold of U(n).

Taubes's proof of the Weinstein conjecture in dimension threeJun 13 2009Sep 22 2009This is an introduction to Taubes's proof of the Weinstein conjecture, written for the AMS Current Events Bulletin. It is intended to be accessible to nonspecialists, so much of the article is devoted to background and context.

Non Super-Cell SuperConductivity Of High Tc MaterialsMay 20 2010Recently we have described materials interface transport coupling rigorously utilizing NEGF nonequilibrium Green's functions, and have discussed the Hamiltonian terms that from Green's theorem and boundary conditions can be rewritten as Self Energy. We ... More

Further Exploration of Riemann's Functional EquationSep 10 2016A previous exploration of the Riemann functional equation that focussed on the critical line, is extended over the complex plane. Significant results include a simpler derivation of the fundamental equation developed previously, and its generalization ... More

Warm Gas at High Redshift - Clues to Gravitational Structure Formation from Optical Spectroscopy of Lyman Alpha Absorption SystemsDec 01 1995We discuss the effects of gravitational collapse on the shape of absorption line profiles for low column density (log N(HI) < 14) Lyman Alpha forest clouds and argue by comparison with cosmological simulations that Lyman alpha forest observations show ... More

Large NSep 08 2005Some mysterious features of the strong interactions become easily understood if our usual QCD with N=3 is `close to' SU(oo) and if the latter theory is confining. N=oo theories are theoretically simpler; in particular there has been much progress in constructing ... More

Twenty Hirsch index variants and other indicators giving more or less preference to highly cited papersMay 28 2010The Hirsch index or h-index is widely used to quantify the impact of an individual's scientific research output, determining the highest number h of a scientist's papers that received at least h citations. Several variants of the index have been proposed ... More

How much do different ways of calculating percentiles influence the derived performance indicators? - A case studyFeb 26 2013Bibliometric indicators can be determined by comparing specific citation records with the percentiles of a reference set. However, there exists an ambiguity in the computation of percentiles because usually a significant number of papers with the same ... More

Uncertainties and Ambiguities in Percentiles and how to Avoid ThemMay 16 2012The recently proposed fractional scoring scheme is used to attribute publications to percentile rank classes. It is shown that in this way uncertainties and ambiguities in the evaluation of percentile ranks do not occur. Using the fractional scoring the ... More

Inconsistencies of Recently Proposed Citation Impact Indicators and how to Avoid ThemFeb 17 2012Apr 04 2012It is shown that under certain circumstances in particular for small datasets the recently proposed citation impact indicators I3(6PR) and R(6,k) behave inconsistently when additional papers or citations are taken into consideration. Three simple examples ... More

A Case Study of the Modified Hirsch Index hm Accounting for Multiple Co-authorsMar 28 2009J. E. Hirsch (2005) introduced the h-index to quantify an individual's scientific research output by the largest number h of a scientist's papers, that received at least h citations. This so-called Hirsch index can be easily modified to take multiple ... More

Stellar population properties of the most massive globular clusters and ultra-compact dwarf galaxies of the Fornax clusterDec 23 2015Most ultra-compact dwarf galaxies (UCDs) and very massive globular clusters reside in nearby galaxy clusters or around nearby giant galaxies. Due to their distance (>Mpc) and compactness (r_eff<100pc) they are barely resolved, and thus it is difficult ... More

J/ψProduction in Direct and Resolved Photon CollisionsApr 29 2003The production of J/Psi mesons in photon photon collisions allows for a test of factorization in color-octet processes as predicted by NRQCD and observed at the Tevatron. We calculate the cross sections for J/Psi production with direct and resolved photons, ... More

Theory of hard photoproductionJun 19 2002The present theoretical knowledge about photons and hard photoproduction processes, i.e. the production of jets, light and heavy hadrons, quarkonia, and prompt photons in photon-photon and photon-hadron collisions, is reviewed. Virtual and polarized photons ... More

Hofer's length spectrum of symplectic surfacesNov 09 2014Following a question of F. Le Roux, we consider a system of invariants $l_A : H_1(M; \mathbb{Z})\to\mathbb{R}$ of a symplectic surface $M$. These invariants compute the minimal Hofer energy needed to translate a disk of area $A$ along a given homology ... More

Lectures on Nehari's Theorem on the PolydiskJan 12 2006We give a leisurely proof of a result of Ferguson--Lacey (math.CA/0104144) and Lacey--Terwelleger (math.CA/0601192) on a Nehari theorem for "little" Hankel operators on a polydisk. If H_b is a little Hankel operator with symbol b on product Hardy space ... More

Thermodynamics of Time MachinesFeb 08 2013In this note, a brief review of the consistent state approach to systems containing closed timelike curves or similar devices is given, and applied to the well known thermodynamic problem of Maxwell's demon. The 'third party paradox' for acausal systems ... More

Experimental Test of the Final State HypothesisMar 13 2014The black hole final state projection model, also known as the Horowitz-Maldacena model has garnished new interest due to the current debate over black hole firewalls. The nonlinear quantum mechanics of post-selection preserves information and avoids ... More

Conical tip in frozen water dropsApr 17 2014A theory is presented for the formation of a conical tip in water drops that are frozen on a flat surface below freezing temperature. For the known ice to water density ratio r = .917, the angle of aperture of this cone is found to be {\theta} = 33.550, ... More

Critique of "Quantum Enigma:Physic encounters Consciousness"May 14 2007May 15 2007The central claim that understanding quantum mechanics requires a conscious observer, which is made made by B. Rosenblum and F. Kuttner in their book "Quantum Enigma: Physics encounters consciousnes", is shown to be based on various misunderstandings ... More

The evolution of radiation towards thermal equilibrium: A soluble model which illustrates the foundations of Statistical MechanicsMay 10 2003In 1916 Einstein introduced the first rules for a quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation, and he applied them to a model of matter in thermal equilibrium with radiation to derive Planck's black-body formula. Einstein's treatment is extended here ... More