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Expectation Propagation in Gaussian Process Dynamical Systems: Extended VersionJul 12 2012Aug 17 2016Rich and complex time-series data, such as those generated from engineering systems, financial markets, videos or neural recordings, are now a common feature of modern data analysis. Explaining the phenomena underlying these diverse data sets requires ... More

A Probabilistic Perspective on Gaussian Filtering and SmoothingJun 10 2010Jun 08 2011We present a general probabilistic perspective on Gaussian filtering and smoothing. This allows us to show that common approaches to Gaussian filtering/smoothing can be distinguished solely by their methods of computing/approximating the means and covariances ... More

Hierarchical Mixture-of-Experts Model for Large-Scale Gaussian Process RegressionDec 09 2014We propose a practical and scalable Gaussian process model for large-scale nonlinear probabilistic regression. Our mixture-of-experts model is conceptually simple and hierarchically recombines computations for an overall approximation of a full Gaussian ... More

Multi-modal filtering for non-linear estimationDec 31 2013Multi-modal densities appear frequently in time series and practical applications. However, they cannot be represented by common state estimators, such as the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) and the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF), which additionally suffer ... More

Distributed Gaussian ProcessesFeb 10 2015May 22 2015To scale Gaussian processes (GPs) to large data sets we introduce the robust Bayesian Committee Machine (rBCM), a practical and scalable product-of-experts model for large-scale distributed GP regression. Unlike state-of-the-art sparse GP approximations, ... More

Design of Experiments for Model Discrimination Hybridising Analytical and Data-Driven ApproachesFeb 12 2018Healthcare companies must submit pharmaceutical drugs or medical devices to regulatory bodies before marketing new technology. Regulatory bodies frequently require transparent and interpretable computational modelling to justify a new healthcare technology, ... More

Multi-Task Policy SearchJul 02 2013Feb 12 2014Learning policies that generalize across multiple tasks is an important and challenging research topic in reinforcement learning and robotics. Training individual policies for every single potential task is often impractical, especially for continuous ... More

Manifold Gaussian Processes for RegressionFeb 24 2014Apr 11 2016Off-the-shelf Gaussian Process (GP) covariance functions encode smoothness assumptions on the structure of the function to be modeled. To model complex and non-differentiable functions, these smoothness assumptions are often too restrictive. One way to ... More

Learning deep dynamical models from image pixelsOct 28 2014Modeling dynamical systems is important in many disciplines, e.g., control, robotics, or neurotechnology. Commonly the state of these systems is not directly observed, but only available through noisy and potentially high-dimensional observations. In ... More

From Pixels to Torques: Policy Learning with Deep Dynamical ModelsFeb 08 2015Jun 18 2015Data-efficient learning in continuous state-action spaces using very high-dimensional observations remains a key challenge in developing fully autonomous systems. In this paper, we consider one instance of this challenge, the pixels to torques problem, ... More

Detecting the Age of Twitter UsersJan 18 2016Twitter provides an extremely rich and open source of data for studying human behaviour at scale. It has been used to advance our understanding of social network structure, the viral flow of information and how new ideas develop. Enriching Twitter with ... More

Gaussian Processes for Data-Efficient Learning in Robotics and ControlFeb 10 2015Autonomous learning has been a promising direction in control and robotics for more than a decade since data-driven learning allows to reduce the amount of engineering knowledge, which is otherwise required. However, autonomous reinforcement learning ... More

Data-Efficient Learning of Feedback Policies from Image Pixels using Deep Dynamical ModelsOct 08 2015Oct 09 2015Data-efficient reinforcement learning (RL) in continuous state-action spaces using very high-dimensional observations remains a key challenge in developing fully autonomous systems. We consider a particularly important instance of this challenge, the ... More

Bayesian Optimization with Dimension Scheduling: Application to Biological SystemsNov 17 2015Bayesian Optimization (BO) is a data-efficient method for global black-box optimization of an expensive-to-evaluate fitness function. BO typically assumes that computation cost of BO is cheap, but experiments are time consuming or costly. In practice, ... More

Robust Filtering and Smoothing with Gaussian ProcessesMar 20 2012We propose a principled algorithm for robust Bayesian filtering and smoothing in nonlinear stochastic dynamic systems when both the transition function and the measurement function are described by non-parametric Gaussian process (GP) models. GPs are ... More

Real-Time Community Detection in Large Social Networks on a LaptopJan 15 2016Sep 04 2016For a broad range of research, governmental and commercial applications it is important to understand the allegiances, communities and structure of key players in society. One promising direction towards extracting this information is to exploit the rich ... More

Accelerating the BSM interpretation of LHC data with machine learningNov 08 2016The interpretation of Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data in the framework of Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) theories is hampered by the need to run computationally expensive event generators and detector simulators. Performing statistically convergent ... More

Variational Gaussian Process Auto-Encoder for Ordinal Prediction of Facial Action UnitsAug 16 2016Sep 05 2016We address the task of simultaneous feature fusion and modeling of discrete ordinal outputs. We propose a novel Gaussian process(GP) auto-encoder modeling approach. In particular, we introduce GP encoders to project multiple observed features onto a latent ... More

Gaussian Process Domain Experts for Model Adaptation in Facial Behavior AnalysisApr 11 2016May 02 2016We present a novel approach for supervised domain adaptation that is based upon the probabilistic framework of Gaussian processes (GPs). Specifically, we introduce domain-specific GPs as local experts for facial expression classification from face images. ... More

Unstable Attractors: Existence and Robustness in Networks of Oscillators With Delayed Pulse CouplingJan 17 2005We consider unstable attractors; Milnor attractors $A$ such that, for some neighbourhood $U$ of $A$, almost all initial conditions leave $U$. Previous research strongly suggests that unstable attractors exist and even occur robustly (i.e. for open sets ... More

Bouncing alternatives to inflationMar 23 2015Although the inflationary paradigm is the most widely accepted explanation for the current cosmological observations, it does not necessarily correspond to what actually happened in the early stages of our Universe. To decide on this issue, two paths ... More

On tensor factorizations of Hopf algebrasOct 23 2014We prove a variety results on tensor product factorizations of finite dimensional Hopf algebras (more generally Hopf algebras satisfying chain conditions in suitable braided categories). The results are analogs of well-known results on direct product ... More

Degree Bounds on Homology and a Conjecture of DerksenOct 01 2014Harm Derksen made a conjecture concerning degree bounds for the syzygies of rings of polynomial invariants in the non-modular case. We provide counterexamples to this conjecture, but also prove a slightly weakened version. We also prove some general results ... More

Four-free groups and hyperbolic geometryJun 06 2008Sep 15 2011We give new information about the geometry of closed, orientable hyperbolic 3-manifolds with 4-free fundamental group. As an application we show that such a manifold has volume greater than 3.44. This is in turn used to show that if M is a closed orientable ... More

Knots with only two strict essential surfacesApr 09 2004Dec 23 2004We consider irreducible 3-manifolds M that arise as knot complements in closed 3-manifolds and that contain at most two connected strict essential surfaces. The results in the paper relate the boundary slopes of the two surfaces to their genera and numbers ... More

MIS: a MIRIAD Interferometry Singledish toolkitFeb 06 2012Building on the "drPACS" contribution at ADASS XX of a simple Unix pipeline infrastructure, we implemented a pipeline toolkit using the package MIRIAD to combine Interferometric and Single Dish data (MIS). This was prompted by our observations made with ... More

Betti numbers and injectivity radiiJan 30 2009We give lower bounds on the maximal injectivity radius for a closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold M with first Betti number 2, under some additional topological hypotheses. A corollary of the main result is that if M has first Betti number 2 and contains ... More

Singular surfaces, mod 2 homology, and hyperbolic volume, IIJan 24 2007Oct 19 2010If M is a closed simple 3-manifold whose fundamental group contains a genus-g surface group for some g>1, and if the dimension of H_1(M;Z_2) is at least max(3g-1,6), we show that M contains a closed, incompressible surface of genus at most g. This improves ... More

Margulis numbers for Haken manifoldsJun 17 2010Jun 27 2011For every closed hyperbolic Haken 3-manifold and, more generally, for any hyperbolic 3-manifold M which is homeomorphic to the interior of a Haken manifold, the number 0.286 is a Margulis number. If M has non-zero first Betti number, or if M is closed ... More

Volume and homology of one-cusped hyperbolic 3-manifoldsJul 29 2007Oct 28 2008Let M be a complete, finite-volume, orientable hyperbolic manifold having exactly one cusp. If we assume that pi_1(M) has no subgroup isomorphic to a genus-2 surface group, and that either (a) H_1(M;Z_p) has dimension at least 5 for some prime p, or (b) ... More

The Relaxed Square PropertyJul 11 2014Graph products are characterized by the existence of non-trivial equivalence relations on the edge set of a graph that satisfy a so-called square property. We investigate here a generalization, termed RSP-relations. The class of graphs with non-trivial ... More

Conductance fluctuations and boundary conditionsJun 13 2001The conductance fluctuations for various types for two-- and three--dimensional disordered systems with hard wall and periodic boundary conditions are studied, all the way from the ballistic (metallic) regime to the localized regime. It is shown that ... More

How to make Dupire's local volatility work with jumpsFeb 22 2013There are several (mathematical) reasons why Dupire's formula fails in the non-diffusion setting. And yet, in practice, ad-hoc preconditioning of the option data works reasonably well. In this note we attempt to explain why. In particular, we propose ... More

Physical properties of a very diffuse HI structure at high Galactic latitudeFeb 28 2007The main goal of this analysis is to present a new method to estimate the physical properties of diffuse cloud of atomic hydrogen observed at high Galactic latitude. This method, based on a comparison of the observations with fractional Brownian motion ... More

Production of non-gaussianities in a bouncing phaseMar 31 2014Jul 08 2014We compute the level of non-gaussianities produced by a cosmological bouncing phase in the minimal non-singular setup that lies within the context of General Relativity when the matter content consists of a simple scalar field with a standard kinetic ... More

A classical bounce: constraints and consequencesFeb 08 2008Jun 18 2008We perform a detailed investigation of the simplest possible cosmological model in which a bounce can occur, namely that where the dynamics is led by a simple massive scalar field in a general self-interacting potential and a background spacetime with ... More

$Λ_{\bar{\textrm{MS}}}^{(n_f=2)}$ from a momentum space analysis of the quark-antiquark static potentialJul 28 2014Sep 30 2014We determine $\Lambda_{\bar{\textrm{MS}}}^{(n_f=2)}$ by fitting perturbative expressions for the quark-antiquark static potential to lattice results for QCD with $n_f=2$ dynamical quark flavors. To this end we use the perturbative static potential at ... More

Square Property, Equitable Partitions, and Product-like GraphsJan 29 2013Sep 02 2013Equivalence relations on the edge set of a graph $G$ that satisfy restrictive conditions on chordless squares play a crucial role in the theory of Cartesian graph products and graph bundles. We show here that such relations in a natural way induce equitable ... More

Ramanujan duals and automorphic spectrumApr 01 1992We introduce the notion of the automorphic dual of a matrix algebraic group defined over $Q$. This is the part of the unitary dual that corresponds to arithmetic spectrum. Basic functorial properties of this set are derived and used both to deduce arithmetic ... More

Singular surfaces, mod 2 homology, and hyperbolic volume, IJun 20 2005Feb 03 2008This paper contains a purely topological theorem and a geometric application. The topological theorem states that if M is a simple closed orientable 3-manifold such that \pi_1(M) contains a genus g surface group and H_1(M;Z/2Z) has rank at least 4g-1 ... More

Non-Gaussianity excess problem in classical bouncing cosmologiesJun 16 2014Jan 13 2015The simplest possible classical model leading to a cosmological bounce is examined in the light of the non-Gaussianities it can generate. Concentrating solely on the transition between contraction and expansion, and assuming initially purely Gaussian ... More

Soft Walls in Dynamic AdS/QCD and the Techni-dilatonAug 26 2015Dynamic AdS/QCD is a modification of AdS/QCD that includes the running of the anomalous dimension of the q-bar q quark bilinear and in which the generation of the constituent quark mass plays the role of an IR wall. The model allows one to move away smoothly ... More

Doping Dependence of Gap Inhomogeneities at Bi$_{2}$Sr$_{2}$CaCu$_{2}$O$_{8+δ}$ SurfacesOct 22 2011We study the inhomogeneity of the electronic pairing gap observed by STM near the surface of Bi$_{2}$Sr$_{2}$CaCu$_{2}$O$_{8+\delta}$ to be correlated with interstitial O defects. We treat the problem in a slave boson mean field theory of a disordered ... More

The Mathematics of Xenology: Di-cographs, Symbolic Ultrametrics, 2-structures and Tree-representable Systems of Binary RelationsMar 08 2016The concepts of orthology, paralogy, and xenology play a key role in molecular evolution. Orthology and paralogy distinguish whether a pair of genes originated by speciation or duplication. The corresponding binary relations on a set of genes form complementary ... More

Uncertainty Quantification for PDEs with Anisotropic Random DiffusionJul 19 2016In this article, we consider elliptic diffusion problems with an anisotropic random diffusion coefficient. We model the notable direction in terms of a random vector field and derive regularity results for the solution's dependence on the random parameter. ... More

Dehn surgery, homology and hyperbolic volumeAug 11 2005Jul 06 2009If a closed, orientable hyperbolic 3--manifold M has volume at most 1.22 then H_1(M;Z_p) has dimension at most 2 for every prime p not 2 or 7, and H_1(M;Z_2) and H_1(M;Z_7) have dimension at most 3. The proof combines several deep results about hyperbolic ... More

Symmetry, dimension and the distribution of the conductance at the mobility edgeApr 20 2001The probability distribution of the conductance at the mobility edge, $p_c(g)$, in different universality classes and dimensions is investigated numerically for a variety of random systems. It is shown that $p_c(g)$ is universal for systems of given symmetry, ... More

Coupled currents in cosmic stringsMar 25 2009We first examine the microstructure of a cosmic string endowed with two simple Abelian currents. This microstructure depends on two state parameters. We then provide the macroscopic description of such a string and show that it depends on an additional ... More

Incompressible surfaces, hyperbolic volume, Heegaard genus and homologyJul 29 2008Jan 07 2009We show that if M is a complete, finite-volume, hyperbolic 3-manifold having exactly one cusp, and if H_1(M;Z_2) has dimension at least 6, then M has volume greater than 5.06. We also show that if M is a closed, orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold such that ... More

The probability distribution of the conductance in anisotropic systemsMar 28 2001We investigate the probability distribution $p(g)$ of the conductance $g$ in anisotropic two-dimensional systems. The scaling procedure applicable to mapping the conductance distributions of localized anisotropic systems to the corresponding isotropic ... More

First integrals and parametric solutions for equations integrable through Lie symmetriesApr 01 2001We present here the explicit parametric solutions of second order differential equations invariant under time translation and rescaling and third order differential equations invariant under time translation and the two homogeneity symmetries. The computation ... More

Horizon Instability of Extremal Kerr Black Holes: Nonaxisymmetric Modes and Enhanced Growth RateJun 27 2016Jul 11 2016We show that the horizon instability of the extremal Kerr black hole is associated with a singular branch point in the Green function at the superradiant bound frequency. We study generic initial data supported away from the horizon and find an enhanced ... More

Stochastic simulation algorithm for the quantum linear Boltzmann equationMay 03 2010Sep 27 2010We develop a Monte Carlo wave function algorithm for the quantum linear Boltzmann equation, a Markovian master equation describing the quantum motion of a test particle interacting with the particles of an environmental background gas. The algorithm leads ... More

Associativity and non-associativity of some hypergraph productsNov 23 2015Several variants of hypergraph products have been introduced as generalizations of the strong and direct products of graphs. Here we show that only some of them are associative. In addition to the Cartesian product, these are the minimal rank preserving ... More

Characteristic Subsurfaces, Character Varieties and Dehn FillingNov 22 2006We give new bounds for the distance between two exceptional filling slopes for a 1-cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold in several different situations. The distance between a reducible slope and a slope that produces a manifold with finite fundamental group ... More

Techniques for the Cograph Editing Problem: Module Merge is equivalent to Editing P4sSep 23 2015Sep 24 2015Cographs are graphs in which no four vertices induce a simple connected path $P_4$. Cograph editing is to find for a given graph $G = (V,E)$ a set of at most $k$ edge additions and deletions that transform $G$ into a cograph. This combinatorial optimization ... More

Hyperfine splitting in positronium to ${\cal O}(α^7m_e)$: one-photon annihilation contributionFeb 04 2014We present the complete result for the ${\cal O}(\alpha^7m_e)$ one-photon annihilation contribution to the hyperfine splitting of the ground state energy levels in positronium. Numerically it increases the prediction of quantum electrodynamics by $217\pm ... More

Evidence for the existence of $u d \bar{b} \bar{b}$ and the non-existence of $s s \bar{b} \bar{b}$ and $c c \bar{b} \bar{b}$ tetraquarks from lattice QCDMay 04 2015May 12 2015We combine lattice QCD results for the potential of two static antiquarks in the presence of two quarks $q q$ of finite mass and quark model techniques to study possibly existing $q q \bar{b} \bar{b}$ tetraquarks. While there is strong indication for ... More

Instantons and the fixed point topological charge in the two-dimensional O(3) sigma-modelAug 29 1995We define a fixed point topological charge for the two-dimensional O(3) lattice sigma-model which is free of topological defects. We use this operator in combination with the fixed point action to measure the topological susceptibility for a wide range ... More

Logical limit laws for minor-closed classes of graphsJan 27 2014Jan 29 2014Let $\mathcal G$ be an addable, minor-closed class of graphs. We prove that the zero-one law holds in monadic second-order logic (MSO) for the random graph drawn uniformly at random from all {\em connected} graphs in $\mathcal G$ on $n$ vertices, and ... More

Characteristic subsurfaces and Dehn fillingNov 25 2002Let M be a compact, orientable, irreducible, atoroidal 3-manifold with boundary an incompressible torus. Techniques based on the characteristic submanifold theory are used to bound the intersection number of two slopes \alpha and \beta on the boundary ... More

Lazy Model Expansion: Interleaving Grounding with SearchFeb 27 2014Feb 03 2015Finding satisfying assignments for the variables involved in a set of constraints can be cast as a (bounded) model generation problem: search for (bounded) models of a theory in some logic. The state-of-the-art approach for bounded model generation for ... More

Shaking a Box of SandMar 03 2001Oct 16 2001We present a simple model of a vibrated box of sand, and discuss its dynamics in terms of two parameters reflecting static and dynamic disorder respectively. The fluidised, intermediate and frozen (`glassy') dynamical regimes are extensively probed by ... More

Investigation of $B\bar B$ four-quark systems using lattice QCDFeb 24 2016Feb 29 2016We investigate $B \bar B$ systems by computing potentials of two static quarks in the presence of two quarks of finite mass using lattice QCD. By solving the Schr\"odinger equation we check whether these potentials are sufficiently attractive to host ... More

Exploring possibly existing $q q \bar b \bar b$ tetraquark states with $q q = ud, ss, cc$Aug 03 2015We compute potentials of two static antiquarks in the presence of two quarks $qq$ of finite mass using lattice QCD. In a second step we solve the Schr\"odinger equation, to determine, whether the resulting potentials are sufficiently attractive to host ... More

Dark-Matter Decays and Self-Gravitating HalosMar 01 2010May 26 2010We consider models in which a dark-matter particle decays to a slightly less massive daughter particle and a noninteracting massless particle. The decay gives the daughter particle a small velocity kick. Self-gravitating dark-matter halos that have a ... More

STE-QUEST Mission and System Design - Overview after completion of Phase-ASep 30 2013Jan 25 2014STE-QUEST is a fundamental science mission which is considered for launch within the Cosmic Vision programme of the European Space Agency (ESA). Its main scientific objectives relate to probing various aspects of Einstein's theory of general relativity ... More

Graviton production in anti-de Sitter braneworld cosmology: A fully consistent treatment of the boundary conditionJan 23 2009Jul 16 2009In recent work by two of us, [Durrer & Ruser, PRL 99, 071601 (2007); Ruser & Durrer PRD 76, 104014 (2007)], graviton production due to a moving spacetime boundary (braneworld) in a five dimensional bulk has been considered. In the same way as the presence ... More

X-ray flashes and X-ray rich Gamma Ray BurstsNov 13 2001X-ray flashes are detected in the Wide Field Cameras on BeppoSAX in the energy range 2-25 keV as bright X-ray sources lasting of the order of minutes, but remaining undetected in the Gamma Ray Bursts Monitor on BeppoSAX. They have properties very similar ... More

BB interactions with static bottom quarks from Lattice QCDOct 12 2015The isospin, spin and parity dependent potential of a pair of $B$ mesons is computed using Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD with two flavours of degenerate dynamical quarks. The $B$ meson is addressed in the static-light approximation, i.e.\ the $b$ quarks ... More

Braneworlds, graviton production, dynamical Casimir effectFeb 05 2009If our Universe is a 3+1 brane in a warped 4+1 dimensional bulk so that its expansion can be understood as the motion of the brane in the bulk, the time dependence of the boundary conditions for arbitrary bulk fields can lead to particle creation via ... More

Propagation front of correlations in an interacting Bose gasFeb 24 2012May 21 2012We analyze the quench dynamics of a one-dimensional bosonic Mott insulator and focus on the time evolution of density correlations. For these we identify a pronounced propagation front, the velocity of which, once correctly extrapolated at large distances, ... More

Lattice QCD study of heavy-heavy-light-light tetraquark candidatesSep 01 2016We investigate heavy-light four-quark systems $ud\bar b \bar b$ with bottom quarks of finite mass which are treated in the framework of NRQCD. We focus on $I(J^P)=0(1^+)$, where we recently found evidence for the existence of a tetraquark state using ... More

Simulations of Direct Collisions of Gas Clouds with the Central Black HoleAug 07 2009Oct 27 2010We perform numerical simulations of clouds in the Galactic Centre (GC) engulfing the nuclear super-massive black hole and show that this mechanism leads to the formation of gaseous accretion discs with properties that are similar to the expected gaseous ... More

Nonabelian Bosonic Currents in Cosmic StringsMar 24 2010A nonabelian generalization of the neutral Witten current-carrying string model is discussed in which the bosonic current-carrier belongs to a two dimensional representation of SU(2). We find that the current-carrying solutions can be of three different ... More

Chaos in Symmetric Phase Oscillator NetworksMay 11 2011Oct 13 2011Phase-coupled oscillators serve as paradigmatic models of networks of weakly interacting oscillatory units in physics and biology. The order parameter which quantifies synchronization was so far found to be chaotic only in systems with inhomogeneities. ... More

Data Analysis and Phase Ambiguity Removal in the ACES Microwave LinkJan 16 2009The ACES (Atomic Clock Ensemble in Space) mission is an ESA - CNES project with the aim of setting up onboard the International Space Station (ISS) several highly stable atomic clocks with a microwave communication link (MWL). The specifications of the ... More

Light-cone-like spreading of correlations in a quantum many-body systemNov 03 2011Feb 06 2012How fast can correlations spread in a quantum many-body system? Based on the seminal work by Lieb and Robinson, it has recently been shown that several interacting many-body systems exhibit an effective light cone that bounds the propagation speed of ... More

Packet Skipping and Network Coding for Delay-Sensitive Network CommunicationJan 06 2012Jan 20 2013We provide an analytical study of the impact of packet skipping and opportunistic network coding on the timely communication of messages through a single network element. In a first step, we consider a single-server queueing system with Poisson arrivals, ... More

Constraints on Decaying Dark MatterNov 22 2010We explore a dark-matter model in which there are two dark-matter species nearly degenerate in mass, with epsilon = Delta M/M << 1. The heavier particle undergoes two-body decay with a half-life tau, to the lighter dark-matter particle and a noninteracting ... More

Superresolution Microscopy of the Volume Phase Transition of pNIPAM MicrogelsDec 01 2015Hierarchical polymer structures such as pNIPAM microgels have been extensively studied for their ability to undergo significant structural and physical transformations that can be controlled by external stimuli such as temperature, pH or solvent composition. ... More

Multi-epoch Sub-arcsecond [Fe II] Spectroimaging of the DG Tau Outflows with NIFS. I. First data epochApr 02 2014Investigating the outflows emanating from young stellar objects (YSOs) on sub-arcsecond scales provides important clues to the nature of the underlying accretion-ejection process occurring near the central protostar. We have investigated the structures ... More

The trapped two-dimensional Bose gas: from Bose-Einstein condensation to Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless physicsDec 08 2007Feb 25 2008We analyze the results of a recent experiment with bosonic rubidium atoms harmonically confined in a quasi-two-dimensional geometry. In this experiment a well defined critical point was identified, which separates the high-temperature normal state characterized ... More

Optical response of metallic nanojunctions driven by single atom motionSep 24 2015The correlation between transport properties across sub-nanometric metallic gaps and the optical response of the system is a complex effect which is determined by the fine atomic-scale details of the junction structure. As experimental advances are progressively ... More

High-Amplitude, Rapid Photometric Variation of the New Polar MASTER OT J132104.04+560957.8Dec 29 2014We present photometric and spectroscopic observations of the cataclysmic variable MASTER OT J132104.04+560957.8 which strongly indicate that it is a polar with an orbital period of 91 minutes. The optical light curve shows two maxima and two minima per ... More

Multi-epoch Sub-arcsecond [Fe II] Spectroimaging of the DG Tau Outflows with NIFS. II. On the Nature of the Bipolar Outflow AsymmetryApr 24 2014The origin of bipolar outflow asymmetry in young stellar objects (YSOs) remains poorly understood. It may be due to an intrinsically asymmetric outflow launch mechanism, or it may be caused by the effects of the ambient medium surrounding the YSO. Answering ... More

Fluctuation-induced first-order phase transition in Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya helimagnetsMay 22 2012Two centuries of research on phase transitions have repeatedly highlighted the importance of critical fluctuations that abound in the vicinity of a critical point. They are at the origin of scaling laws obeyed by thermodynamic observables close to second-order ... More

Insights from probability distribution functions of intensity mapsSep 06 2016In the next few years, intensity-mapping surveys that target lines such as CO, Ly$\alpha$, and CII stand to provide powerful probes of high-redshift astrophysics. However, these line emissions are highly non-Gaussian, and so the typical power-spectrum ... More

HST Observations of the QSO pair Q1026-0045A,BApr 23 1998The spatial distribution of the Ly$\alpha$ forest is studied using new HST data for the quasar pair Q~1026--0045 A and B at $z_{em}$ = 1.438 and 1.520 respectively. The angular separation is 36 arcsec and corresponds to transverse linear separations between ... More

Going Digital: A Survey on Digitalization and Large Scale Data Analytics in HealthcareJun 26 2016Oct 19 2016We provide an overview of the recent trends towards digitalization and large scale data analytics in healthcare. It is expected that these trends are instrumental in the dramatic changes in the way healthcare will be organized in the future. We discuss ... More

Thermoacoustic instability - a dynamical system and time domain analysisDec 11 2013Jun 11 2014This study focuses on the Rijke tube problem, which includes features relevant to the modeling of thermoacoustic coupling in reactive flows: a compact acoustic source, an empirical model for the heat source, and nonlinearities. This thermo-acoustic system ... More

Turbulent mixing layers in supersonic protostellar outflows, with application to DG TauriOct 05 2015Turbulent entrainment processes may play an important role in the outflows from young stellar objects at all stages of their evolution. In particular, lateral entrainment of ambient material by high-velocity, well-collimated protostellar jets may be the ... More

Unitary representations of real reductive groupsDec 10 2012Apr 03 2015We present a finite algorithm for computing the set of irreducible unitary representations of a real reductive group G. The Langlands classification, as formulated by Knapp and Zuckerman, exhibits any representation with an invariant Hermitian form as ... More

The atomic Bose gas in FlatlandSep 29 2006We describe a recent experiment performed with rubidium atoms ($^{87}$Rb), aiming at studying the coherence properties of a two-dimensional gas of bosonic particles at low temperature. We have observed in particular a Berezinskii--Kosterlitz--Thouless ... More

Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless Crossover in a Trapped Atomic GasMay 11 2006Any state of matter is classified according to its order, and the kind of order a physical system can posses is profoundly affected by its dimensionality. Conventional long-range order, like in a ferromagnet or a crystal, is common in three-dimensional ... More

Serendipity observations of far infrared cirrus emission in the Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey: Analysis of far-infrared correlationsJan 07 2009We present an analysis of far-infrared dust emission from diffuse cirrus clouds. This study is based on serendipitous observations at 160 microns at high galactic latitude with the Multiband Imaging Photometer (MIPS) onboard the Spitzer Space Telescope ... More

Heat transfer coefficient saturation in superconducting Nb tunnel junctions contacted to a NbTiN circuit and an Au energy relaxation layerDec 10 2014In this paper we present the experimental realization of a Nb tunnel junction connected to a high-gap superconducting NbTiN embedding circuit. We investigate relaxation of nonequilibrium quasiparticles in a small volume Au layer between the Nb tunnel ... More

Coherent light scattering from a two-dimensional Mott insulatorFeb 18 2011We experimentally demonstrate coherent light scattering from an atomic Mott insulator in a two-dimensional lattice. The far-field diffraction pattern of small clouds of a few hundred atoms was imaged while simultaneously laser cooling the atoms with the ... More

Assessing Educational Research -- An Information Service for Monitoring a Heterogeneous Research FieldMay 26 2014The paper presents a web prototype that visualises different characteristics of research projects in the heterogeneous domain of educational research. The concept of the application derives from the project "Monitoring Educational Research" (MoBi) that ... More

Chiral particle separation by a non-chiral micro-latticeSep 07 2012We conceived a model experiment for a continuous separation strategy of chiral molecules (enantiomers) without the need of any chiral selector structure or derivatization agents: Micro-particles that only differ by their chirality are shown to migrate ... More