Results for "Makoto Miwa"

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Inter-sentence Relation Extraction with Document-level Graph Convolutional Neural NetworkJun 11 2019Inter-sentence relation extraction deals with a number of complex semantic relationships in documents, which require local, non-local, syntactic and semantic dependencies. Existing methods do not fully exploit such dependencies. We present a novel inter-sentence ... More
End-to-End Relation Extraction using LSTMs on Sequences and Tree StructuresJan 05 2016Jun 08 2016We present a novel end-to-end neural model to extract entities and relations between them. Our recurrent neural network based model captures both word sequence and dependency tree substructure information by stacking bidirectional tree-structured LSTM-RNNs ... More
A Walk-based Model on Entity Graphs for Relation ExtractionFeb 19 2019We present a novel graph-based neural network model for relation extraction. Our model treats multiple pairs in a sentence simultaneously and considers interactions among them. All the entities in a sentence are placed as nodes in a fully-connected graph ... More
Enhancing Drug-Drug Interaction Extraction from Texts by Molecular Structure InformationMay 15 2018We propose a novel neural method to extract drug-drug interactions (DDIs) from texts using external drug molecular structure information. We encode textual drug pairs with convolutional neural networks and their molecular pairs with graph convolutional ... More
Task-Oriented Learning of Word Embeddings for Semantic Relation ClassificationFeb 28 2015Jun 22 2015We present a novel learning method for word embeddings designed for relation classification. Our word embeddings are trained by predicting words between noun pairs using lexical relation-specific features on a large unlabeled corpus. This allows us to ... More
Bib2vec: An Embedding-based Search System for Bibliographic InformationJun 16 2017Apr 05 2018We propose a novel embedding model that represents relationships among several elements in bibliographic information with high representation ability and flexibility. Based on this model, we present a novel search system that shows the relationships among ... More
QKZ equation with |q|=1 and correlation functions of the XXZ model in the gapless regimeJan 25 1996An integral solution to the quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov ($q$KZ) equation with $|q|=1$ is presented. Upon specialization, it leads to a conjectural formula for correlation functions of the XXZ model in the gapless regime. The validity of this conjecture ... More
The Monodromy Matrices of the XXZ Model in the Infinite Volume LimitJun 12 1997We consider the XXZ model in the infinite volume limit with spin half quantum space and higher spin auxiliary space. Using perturbation theory arguments, we relate the half infinite transfer matrices of this class of models to certain $U_q(\hat{sl_2})$ ... More
Zeros and poles of quantum current operators and the condition of quantum integrabilityAug 01 1996Aug 29 1996For the current realization of the affine quantum groups, a simple comultiplication for the quantum current operators was given by Drinfeld. With this comultiplication, we study the zeros and poles of the quantum current operators and present a condition ... More
Unknotting number and number of Reidemeister moves needed for unlinkingDec 18 2010Dec 24 2010Using unknotting number, we introduce a link diagram invariant of Hass and Nowik type, which changes at most by 2 under a Reidemeister move. As an application, we show that a certain infinite sequence of diagrams of the trivial two-component link need ... More
Evolution of the Relativistic Plasmoid-Chain in the Poynting-Dominated PlasmaJul 22 2013In this paper, we investigate the evolution of the plasmoid-chain in a Poynting-dominated plasma. We model the relativistic current sheet with cold background plasma using the relativistic resistive magnetohydrodynamic approximation, and solve its temporal ... More
Why do we need instantons in strangeness hadron physics?Nov 24 2004Roles of instantons in strangeness hadron physics are discussed. After introducing general features of instantons, hadron spectroscopy under the influence of instanton-quark effective interactions is discussed. Emphases are on the H dibaryon, spin-orbit ... More
QCD Sum Rules of PentaquarksSep 25 2004QCD sum rule is applied to the pentaquark spectroscopy. It is concluded that no positive parity state is seen in low energy region, while there may exist negative parity states at around 1.5 GeV. Choice of interpolating local operators and relation to ... More
Models of the Nonmesonic Weak DecayMar 15 2004I review the current status of understanding the mechanism of the nonmesonic weak decays (NMWD) of hypernuclei. Long standing problem on the Gamma_n/Gamma_p ratio has been solved by considering short-range weak interactions properly. This leaves a few ... More
$π^+$ Emission from Hypernuclei and the Weak $ΔI=3/2$ TransitionsNov 25 1997Jan 05 1999Low energy $\pi^+$ emission in hypernuclear weak decays is studied in the soft pion limit. It is found that the $\pi^+$ decay amplitude is dominated by the $\Delta I=3/2$ part of nonmesonic weak decays according to the soft pion theorem. The ratios, $R(\pi^+/soft ... More
Theoretical Overview of the Pentaquark BaryonsJun 21 2004A review is given of the theoretical ideas concerning the mysterious pentaquark baryons proposed during the first year after its discovery. We focus on the difficulties involved with the constituent quark models and the discrepancy between the QCD predictions ... More
Direct Quark Mechanism for Weak $\Lam N \leftrightarrow NN$ ProcessesJan 16 1998Two body weak processes $\Lambda N \leftrightarrow NN$ are studied from the viewpoint of quark substructure of baryons.They can be studied in nonmesonic weak decays of hypernuclei and also hyperon production in the $NN$ scattering. The direct quark mechanism ... More
Roles of Quark Degrees of Freedom in HypernucleiJul 31 1997The quark model description of the hyperon nucleon forces, especially the antisymmetric spin-orbit forces, is studied from the spin-flavor SU(6) and the flavor SU(3) symmetry point of view. It is pointed out that the quark exchange interaction predicts ... More
Clustering Analysis of Periodic Point Vortices with the $L$ FunctionAug 28 2006Mar 01 2007A motion of point vortices with periodic boundary conditions is studied by using Weierstrass zeta functions. Scattering and recoupling of a vortex pair by a third vortex becomes remarkable when the vortex density is large. Clustering of vortices with ... More
Bifurcations and Chaos in the Six-Dimensional Turbulence Model of GledzerMay 19 2006May 26 2006The cascade-shell model of turbulence with six real variables originated by Gledzer is studied numerically using Mathematica 5.1. Periodic, doubly-periodic and chaotic solutions and the routes to chaos via both frequency-locking and period-doubling are ... More
Determinantal Martingales and Interacting Particle SystemsJul 09 2013Determinantal process is a dynamical extension of a determinantal point process such that any spatio-temporal correlation function is given by a determinant specified by a single continuous function called the correlation kernel. Noncolliding diffusion ... More
Bessel process, Schramm-Loewner evolution, and Dyson modelMar 24 2011Bessel process is defined as the radial part of the Brownian motion (BM) in the $D$-dimensional space, and is considered as a one-parameter family of one-dimensional diffusion processes indexed by $D$, BES$^{(D)}$. It is well-known that $D_{\rm c}=2$ ... More
Survival probability of mutually killing Brownian motions and the O'Connell processDec 17 2011Mar 23 2012Recently O'Connell introduced an interacting diffusive particle system in order to study a directed polymer model in 1+1 dimensions. The infinitesimal generator of the process is a harmonic transform of the quantum Toda-lattice Hamiltonian by the Whittaker ... More
Tokyo Axion HelioscopeApr 08 2010The idea of a magnetic axion helioscope was first proposed by Pierre Sikivie in 1983. Tokyo axion helioscope was built exploiting its detection principle with a dedicated cryogen-free superconducting magnet and PIN photodiodes for x-ray detectors. Solar ... More
The singularity problem in string theoryAug 24 2001Dec 26 2001We review the current status of the singularity problem in string theory for non-experts. After the problem is discussed from the point of view of supergravity, we discuss classic examples and recent examples of singularity resolution in string theory. ... More
Hasse principle for character group of finitely generated field over the rational number fieldOct 16 2012In this paper, we show the Hasse principle for the character group of a finitely generated field over the rational number field. By applying this result, we obtain an algebraic proof of unramified class field theory of arithmetical schemes.
Global existence problem in $T^3$-Gowdy symmetric IIB superstring cosmologyOct 22 2003We show global existence theorems for Gowdy symmetric spacetimes with type IIB stringy matter. The areal and constant mean curvature time coordinates are used. Before coming to that, it is shown that a wave map describes the evolution of this system.
Complete intersection Calabi--Yau threefolds in Hibi toric varieties and their smoothingJan 16 2019In this article, we summarize combinatorial description of complete intersection Calabi-Yau threefolds in Hibi toric varieties. Such Calabi-Yau threefolds have at worst conifold singularities, and are often smoothable to non-singular Calabi-Yau threefolds. ... More
Slope equality of plane curve fibrations and its application to Durfee's conjectureApr 28 2017Apr 17 2018We give a slope equality for fibered surfaces whose general fiber is a smooth plane curve. As a corollary, we prove a "strong" Durfee-type inequality for isolated hypersurface surface singularities, which implies Durfee's strong conjecture for such singularities ... More
Edge number of knots and linksMay 30 2007We introduce a new numerical invariant of knots and links made from the partitioned diagrams. It measures the complexity of knots and links.
Closed incompressible surfaces of genus two in 3-bridge knot complementsFeb 28 2007In this paper, we characterize closed incompressible surfaces of genus two in the complements of 3-bridge knots and links. This characterization includes that of essential 2-string tangle decompositions for 3-bridge knots and links.
Determinantal Martingales and Noncolliding Diffusion ProcessesMay 19 2013Jul 09 2014Two aspects of noncolliding diffusion processes have been extensively studied. One of them is the fact that they are realized as harmonic Doob transforms of absorbing particle systems in the Weyl chambers. Another aspect is integrability in the sense ... More
Mixed anomalies of chiral algebras compactified to smooth quasi-projective surfacesDec 14 2007Feb 25 2015Some time ago, the chiral algebra theory of Beilinson-Drinfeld was expected to play a central role in the convergence of divergence in mathematical physics of superstring theory for quantization of gauge theory and gravity. Naively, this algebra plays ... More
Closed incompressible surfaces in the complements of positive knotsApr 24 2001We show that any closed incompressible surface in the complement of a positive knot is algebraically non-split from the knot, positive knots cannot bound non-free incompressible Seifert surfaces and that the splitability and the primeness of positive ... More
AdS/CFT Duality User GuideSep 11 2014Aug 31 2016This is the draft/updated version of a textbook on "real-world" applications of the AdS/CFT duality for beginning graduate students in particle physics and for researchers in the other fields. The aim of this book is to provide background materials such ... More
Critical phenomena in the AdS/CFT dualityJun 25 2010We review black holes with second-order phase transition in string theory (R-charged black holes and holographic superconductors) and review their static and dynamic critical phenomena. Holographic superconductors have conventional mean-field values for ... More
Monodromy of Gauss-Manin connection for deformation by group cocyclesJul 28 2012We consider the 2-cocycle deformation of algebras graded by discrete groups. The action of the Maurer-Cartan form is shown to be cohomologous to the cup product action of the group cocycle. This allows us to compute the monodromy of the Gauss-Manin connection ... More
Turbulence in quantum fluidsNov 30 2013Jan 07 2014This paper reviews briefly the recent important developments in the physics of quantum turbulence (QT) in superfluid helium and atomic Bose-Einstain condensates (BECs). After giving basics of quantum hydrodynamics, we discuss energy spectrum, QT created ... More
Hydrodynamic Instability and Turbulence in Quantum FluidsJul 16 2012Superfluid turbulence consisting of quantized vortices is called quantum turbulence (QT). Quantum turbulence and quantized vortices were discovered in superfluid $^4$He about 50 years ago, but innovation has occurred recently in this field. One is in ... More
Almost sure central limit theorem for branching random walks in random environmentJan 06 2011We consider the branching random walks in $d$-dimensional integer lattice with time--space i.i.d. offspring distributions. Then the normalization of the total population is a nonnegative martingale and it almost surely converges to a certain random variable. ... More
Topological Aspects of an Antisymmetric Background Field on OrbifoldsJan 14 1993We study string theory on orbifolds in the presence of an antisymmetric constant background field in detail and discuss some of new aspects of the theory. It is pointed out that the term with the antisymmetric background field can be regarded as a topological ... More
Elliptic Bessel processes and elliptic Dyson models realized as temporally inhomogeneous processesMay 10 2016Sep 22 2016The Bessel process with parameter $D>1$ and the Dyson model of interacting Brownian motions with coupling constant $\beta >0$ are extended to the processes in which the drift term and the interaction terms are given by the logarithmic derivatives of Jacobi's ... More
Clustering of point vortices in a periodic boxOct 31 2007The Monte Carlo simulation of $N$ point vortices with square periodic boundary conditions is performed where $N$ is order of 100. The clustering property is examined by computing the $L$ function familiar in the field of spatial ecology. The case of a ... More
A note on Gersten's conjecture for étale cohomology over two-dimensional henselian regular local ringsMar 05 2019We show the Gersten's conjecture for \'etale cohomology over two dimensional henselian regular local rings without assuming equi-characteristic. As application, we obtain the local-global principle for Galois cohomology over mixed characteristic two-dimensional ... More
On the Hasse Principle for the Brauer group of a purely transcendental extension field in one variable over an arbitrary fieldJan 11 2012In this paper we show the Hasse principle for the Brauer group of a purely transcendental extension field in one variable over an arbitrary field.
Irrationality of special values of formal Laurent series represented by the formal Mellin transform of $G$-functionsDec 28 2016Jan 04 2018Let $p$ be a prime number and $\mathbb{C}_p$ the completion of algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Let $K$ be an algebraic number field. We fix an embedding $\iota_p:\overline{\mathbb{Q}}\hookrightarrow \mathbb{C}_p$ and denote $K_p$ the completion of ... More
Global properties of higher-dimensional cosmological spacetimesMar 19 2004We study global existence problems and asymptotic behavior of higher-dimensional inhomogeneous spacetimes with a compact Cauchy surface in the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton (EMD) system. Spacelike $T^{D-2}$-symmetry is assumed, where $D\geq 4$ is spacetime ... More
Memristor Circuits for Simulating Nonlinear Dynamics and Their Periodic ForcingFeb 21 2019In this paper, we show that the dynamics of a wide variety of nonlinear systems such as engineering, physical, chemical, biological, and ecological systems, can be simulated or modeled by the dynamics of memristor circuits. It has the advantage that we ... More
Auto-correlation Functions and Quantum Fluctuations of the Transverse Ising Chain by the Quantum Transfer Matrix MethodSep 01 2010The Quantum Transfer Matrix method based on the Suzuki-Trotter formulation is extended to dynamical problems. The auto-correlation functions of the Transverse Ising chain are derived by this method. It is shown that the Trotter-directional correlation ... More
On the nonrelativistic limit of a semilinear field equation in a uniform and isotropic spaceDec 26 2015The nonrelativistic limit of a semilinear field equation is considered in a uniform and isotropic space.The scale-function of the space is constructed based on the Einstein equation.The Cauchy problem of the limit-equation is considered,and global and ... More
Index character associated to the projective Dirac operatorJul 15 2011We calculate the equivariant index formula for an infinite dimensional Clifford module canonically associated to any Riemannian manifold. It encompasses the fractional index formula of the projective Dirac operator by Mathai--Melrose--Singer.
Upper bounds on the slope of certain fibered surfacesApr 23 2016We establish the slope equality and give an upper bound of the slope for finite cyclic covering fibrations of an elliptic surface including bielliptic fibrations of genus greater than 5. We also give an upper bound of the slope for triple cyclic covering ... More
A property of diagrams of the trivial knotJun 13 2006Apr 04 2007In this paper, we give a necessary condition for a diagram to represent the trivial knot.
Non-triviality of generalized alternating knotsApr 01 2005Apr 07 2005In this article, we consider alternating knots on a closed surface in the 3-sphere, and show that these are not parallel to any closed surface disjoint from the prescribed one.
Morse position of knots and closed incompressible surfacesMar 18 2005Nov 13 2006In this paper, we study on knots and closed incompressible surfaces in the 3-sphere via Morse functions. We show that both of knots and closed incompressible surfaces can be isotoped into a "related Morse position" simultaneously. As an application, we ... More
Minuscule Schubert Varieties and Mirror SymmetryJan 31 2013Aug 23 2017We consider smooth complete intersection Calabi-Yau 3-folds in minuscule Schubert varieties, and study their mirror symmetry by degenerating the ambient Schubert varieties to Hibi toric varieties. We list all possible Calabi-Yau 3-folds of this type up ... More
Elliptic Determinantal Processes and Elliptic Dyson ModelsMar 11 2017Oct 04 2017We introduce seven families of stochastic systems of interacting particles in one-dimension corresponding to the seven families of irreducible reduced affine root systems. We prove that they are determinantal in the sense that all spatio-temporal correlation ... More
Iteration Algebras for UnQL Graphs and Completeness for BisimulationSep 17 2015This paper shows an application of Bloom and Esik's iteration algebras to model graph data in a graph database query language. About twenty years ago, Buneman et al. developed a graph database query language UnQL on the top of a functional meta-language ... More
A remark on the bound for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment in 1+2 dimensionJun 18 2014We consider the behavior of the quantity $p(\beta)$; the free energy of directed polymers in random environment in $1+2$ dimension, where $\beta$ is inverse temperature. We know that the free energy is strictly negative when $\beta$ is not zero. In this ... More
Spectroscopy of Pentaquark BaryonsSep 07 2005A review is given to pentaquark mass predictions in quark models and QCD. It is pointed out that no successful quark model prediction is available for low-lying pentaquark states. Some new results of direct application of QCD, QCD sum rules and lattice ... More
Double Periodicity and Frequency-Locking in the Langford EquationJul 05 2007The bifurcation structure of the Langford equation is studied numerically in detail. Periodic, doubly-periodic, and chaotic solutions and the routes to chaos via coexistence of double periodicity and period-doubling bifurcations are found by the Poincar\'e ... More
System of Complex Brownian Motions Associated with the O'Connell ProcessJun 11 2012Sep 15 2012The O'Connell process is a softened version (a geometric lifting with a parameter $a>0$) of the noncolliding Brownian motion such that neighboring particles can change the order of positions in one dimension within the characteristic length $a$. This ... More
Non-colliding system of Brownian particles as Pfaffian processJun 10 2005In the paper [7] we studied the temporally inhomogeneous system of non-colliding Brownian motions and proved that multi-time correlation functions are generally given by the quaternion determinants in the sense of Dyson and Mehta. In this report we give ... More
Thermodynamic potential of interacting Bose-Einstein gas confined in harmonic potentialFeb 15 2001We investigate the interaction effect between atoms and the finite size effect of a Bose-Einstein gas at finite temperature. Using a mean field approach, we derive the thermodynamic potential on finite systems and obtain the condensate fraction, the chemical ... More
String theory implications on causal hydrodynamicsJul 09 2008Aug 21 2008We summarize the main lessons for causal hydrodynamics/second order hydrodynamics/Israel-Stewart theory from string theory.
Causal hydrodynamics and the membrane paradigmJul 09 2008Sep 24 2008We obtain the relaxation time for the shear viscous stress for various geometries using the "membrane paradigm" formula proposed recently. We consider the generic Schwarzschild-AdS black holes (SAdS), the generic Dp-brane, the Klebanov-Tseytlin (KT) geometry, ... More
String theory and quark-gluon plasmaJan 24 2007Feb 28 2007We review the AdS/CFT description of gauge theory plasmas for non-experts. We discuss the low shear viscosity, jet quenching, and J/psi-suppression, which are three major signatures for the quark-gluon plasma observed at RHIC experiments.
The five-dimensional Kaluza-Klein electric dipole and brane -- anti-brane pairsMay 26 1999May 31 1999This paper has been withdrawn for revision, due to misinterpretations of the results.
Quantum TurbulenceJun 17 2008Jun 19 2008The present article reviews the recent developments in the physics of quantum turbulence. Quantum turbulence (QT) was discovered in superfluid $^4$He in the 1950s, and the research has tended toward a new direction since the mid 90s. The similarities ... More
On the existence of global solutions for $T^{3}$-Gowdy spacetimes with stringy matterOct 25 2002We show a global existence theorem for Einstein-matter equations of $T^{3}$-Gowdy symmetric spacetimes with stringy matter. The areal time coordinate is used. It is shown that this spacetime has a crushing singularity into the past. From these results ... More
Linear independence of values of logarithms revisitedApr 03 2019Let $m\ge 2$ be an integer, $K$ an algebraic number field and $\alpha\in K\setminus \{0,-1\}$ with sufficiently small absolute value. In this article, we provide a new lower bound for linear form in $1,{\rm{log}}(1+\alpha),\ldots,{\rm{log}}^{m-1}(1+\alpha)$ ... More
Unknotting submanifolds of the 3-sphere by twistingsSep 21 2016Feb 06 2019By the Fox's re-embedding theorem, any compact submanifold of the 3-sphere can be re-embedded in the 3-sphere so that it is unknotted. It is unknown whether the Fox's re-embedding can be replaced with twistings. In this paper, we will show that any closed ... More
Non-adiabatic dynamics in 10Be with the microscopic alpha+alpha+N+N modelAug 17 2005Mar 02 2006The alpha+6He low-energy reactions and the structural changes of 10Be in the microscopic alpha+alpha+N+N model are studied by the generalized two-center cluster model with the Kohn-Hulthen-Kato variation method. It is found that, in the inelastic scattering ... More
Mixing property and pseudo random sequencesAug 10 2006We will give a summary about the relations between the spectra of the Perron--Frobenius operator and pseudo random sequences for 1-dimensional cases.
On the derivation of several second order partial differential equations from a generalization of the Einstein equationMar 15 2016A generalization of the Einstein equation is considered for complex line elements. Several second order semilinear partial differential equations are derived from it as semilinear field equations in uniform and isotropic spaces. The nonrelativistic limits ... More
Equivariant comparison of quantum homogeneous spacesSep 14 2011May 02 2013We prove the deformation invariance of the quantum homogeneous spaces of the q-deformation of simply connected simple compact Lie groups over the Poisson-Lie quantum subgroups, in the equivariant KK-theory with respect to the translation action by maximal ... More
Branching random walks in random environment and super-Brownian motion in random environmentApr 23 2013Jun 27 2013We focus on the existence and characterization of the limit for a certain critical branching random walks in time-space random environment in one dimension which was introduced by M. Birnkenr Each particle performs simple random walk on $\mathbb{Z}$ ... More
Unknotting submanifolds of the 3-sphere by twistingsSep 21 2016By the Fox's re-embedding theorem, any compact submanifold of the 3-sphere can be re-embedded in the 3-sphere so that it is unknotted. It is unknown whether the Fox's re-embedding can be replaced with twistings. In this paper, we will show that any closed ... More
Ground state property of Bose-Einstein gas for arbitrary power low interactionJan 16 2002We study Bose-Einstein gas for an arbitrary power low interaction $C_{\alpha}r^{-\alpha}$. This is done by the Hartree Fock Bogoliubov (HFB) approach at $T \le T_{c}$ and the mean field approach at $T>T_{c}$. Especially, we investigate the ground state ... More
On the Probability Distribution of Velocity Circulation in Three-Dimensional TurbulenceJul 23 1993The probability distribution functions of the circulation of velocity in three-dimensional decaying isotropic turbulence are examined by the database of the numerical simulation based on the pseudospectral method. It is shown that the standard deviation ... More
Reciprocal Time Relation of Noncolliding Brownian Motion with DriftApr 25 2012Jun 15 2012We consider an $N$-particle system of noncolliding Brownian motion starting from $x_1 \leq x_2 \leq ... \leq x_N$ with drift coefficients $\nu_j, 1 \leq j \leq N$ satisfying $\nu_1 \leq \nu_2 \leq ... \leq \nu_N$. When all of the initial points are degenerated ... More
Elliptic Determinantal Process of Type ANov 17 2013Sep 29 2014We introduce an elliptic extension of Dyson's Brownian motion model, which is a temporally inhomogeneous diffusion process of noncolliding particles defined on a circle. Using elliptic determinant evaluations related to the reduced affine root system ... More
Coexistence of coiled surfaces and spanning surfaces for knots and linksNov 26 2012It is a well-known procedure for constructing a torus knot or link that first we prepare an unknotted torus and meridian disks in the complementary solid tori of it, and second smooth the intersections of the boundary of meridian disks uniformly. Then ... More
Quantum turbulence: From superfluid helium to atomic Bose-Einstein condensatesJan 29 2009This article reviews recent developments in quantum fluid dynamics and quantum turbulence (QT) for superfluid helium and atomic Bose-Einstein condensates. Quantum turbulence was discovered in superfluid $^4$He in the 1950s, but the field moved in a new ... More
Minuscule Schubert varieties and mirror symmetryJan 31 2013We study the mirror symmetry for smooth complete intersection Calabi-Yau 3-folds in minuscule Schubert varieties using their degenerations to Hibi toric varieties. Listing all these Calabi-Yau 3-folds up to deformation equivalences, we find a new example ... More
Free energy of directed polymers in random environment in $1+1$-dimension at high temperatureNov 15 2016We consider the free energy $F(\beta)$ of the directed polymers in random environment in $1+1$-dimension. It is known that $F(\beta)$ is of order $-\beta^4$ as $\beta\to 0$. In this paper, we will prove that under a certain condition of the potential, ... More
Rigid Singularity Theorem in Globally Hyperbolic SpacetimesAug 21 1998We show the rigid singularity theorem, that is, a globally hyperbolic spacetime satisfying the strong energy condition and containing past trapped sets, either is timelike geodesically incomplete or splits isometrically as space $\times$ time. This result ... More
Higher Order Correction to the GHS String Black HoleJun 14 1994We study the order $\alpha'$ correction to the string black hole found by Garfinkle, Horowitz, and Strominger. We include all operators of dimension up to four in the Lagrangian, and use the field redefinition technique which facilitates the analysis. ... More
Monodromy of the Gauss-Manin connection for deformation by group cocyclesJul 28 2012Mar 02 2017We consider the 2-cocycle deformation of algebras graded by discrete groups. The action of the Maurer-Cartan form on cyclic cohomology is shown to be cohomologous to the cup product action of the group cocycle. This allows us to compute the monodromy ... More
Durfee-type inequality for hypersurface surface singularitiesApr 28 2017May 14 2018We prove a "strong" Durfee-type inequality for isolated hypersurface surface singularities, which implies Durfee's strong conjecture for such singularities with non-negative topological Euler number of the exceptional set of the minimal resolution.
On sets of marked once-holed tori allowing holomorphic mappings into Riemann surfaces with marked handleApr 18 2016In our previous work, for a given Riemann surface $Y_0$ with marked handle, we investigated geometric properties of the set of marked once-holed tori $X$ allowing holomorphic mappings of $X$ into $Y_0$. It turned out that it is a closed domain with Lipschitz ... More
Connes-Landi Deformation of Spectral TriplesJun 23 2010We describe a way to deform spectral triples with a 2-torus action and a real deformation parameter, motivated by deformation of manifolds after Connes-Landi. Such deformations are shown to have naturally isomorphic $K$-theoretic invariants independent ... More
Quantum affine symmetry in vertex modelsAug 27 1992We study the higher spin anologs of the six vertex model on the basis of its symmetry under the quantum affine algebra $U_q(\slth)$. Using the method developed recently for the XXZ spin chain, we formulate the space of states, transfer matrix, vacuum, ... More
Room-temperature operation of Si spin MOSFET with high on/off spin signal ratioOct 22 2015We experimentally demonstrate a Si spin metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) that exhibits a high on/off ratio of source-drain current and spin signals at room temperature. The spin channel is non-degenerate n-type Si, and an effective ... More
Unknotting submanifolds of the 3-sphere by twistingsSep 21 2016Dec 01 2016By the Fox's re-embedding theorem, any compact submanifold of the 3-sphere can be re-embedded in the 3-sphere so that it is unknotted. It is unknown whether the Fox's re-embedding can be replaced with twistings. In this paper, we will show that any closed ... More
Non-minimal bridge positions of torus knots are stabilizedJun 05 2010We show that any non-minimal bridge decomposition of a torus knot is stabilized and that $n$-bridge decompositions of a torus knot are unique for any integer $n$. This implies that a knot in a bridge position is a torus knot if and only if there exists ... More
Additivity of free genus of knotsNov 08 1998We show that free genus of knots is additive under connected sum.
The Heterotic EnhanconNov 06 2001Mar 12 2002The enhancon mechanism is studied in the heterotic string theory. We consider the N_L=0 winding strings with momentum (NS1-W*) and the Kaluza-Klein dyons (KK5-NS5*). The NS1-W* and KK5-NS5* systems are dualized to the D4-D0* and D6-D2* systems, respectively, ... More
Natural Generalization of Bosonic String AmplitudesFeb 26 1993Jun 04 1993The similarity between tree-level string theory scalar amplitudes, the Koba-Nielsen form ($S^{1}$) and the Virasoro-Shapiro form ($S^{2}$) suggests a natural $S^{n}$ generalization for a scalar amplitude. It is shown that the $S^{n}$ amplitude shares ... More