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Intersubband pairing induced Fulde-Ferrell phase in metallic nanofilmsApr 12 2019We consider a free-standing metallic nanofilm with a predominant intersubband paring which emerges as a result of the confinement in the growth direction. We show that the Fermi wave vector mismatch between the subbands, detrimental to the intersubband ... More

Orbital effect on the in-plane critical field in free-standing superconducting nanofilmsMay 21 2015The superconductor to normal metal phase transition induced by the in-plane magnetic field is studied in free-standing Pb(111) nanofilms. In the considered structures the energy quantization induced by the confinement leads to the thickness-dependent ... More

Tunneling conductance in half-metal/conical magnet/superconductor junctions in the adiabatic and non-adiabatic regime: self-consistent calculationsJul 20 2015The tunneling conductance in the half-metal/conical magnet/superconductor (HM/CM/SC) is investigated by the use of the combined Blonder-Tinkham-Klapwijk (BTK) formalism and the Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equations. We show that the conductance calculated ... More

Coexistence of spin-triplet superconductivity with magnetism within a single mechanism for orbitally degenerate correlated electrons: Statistically-consistent Gutzwiller approximationApr 16 2013Apr 18 2013An orbitally degenerate two-band Hubbard model is analyzed with inclusion of the Hund's rule induced spin-triplet paired states and their coexistence with magnetic ordering. The so-called statistically consistent Gutzwiller approximation (SGA) has been ... More

Realistic estimates of superconducting properties for the cuprates: reciprocal-space diagrammatic expansion combined with variational approachJul 07 2018We propose a systematic approach to the systems of correlated electrons, the so-called $\mathbf{k}$-DE-GWF method, based on reciprocal-space ($\mathbf{k}$-resolved) diagrammatic expansion of the variational Gutzwiller-type wave function for parametrized ... More

Superconductivity in the three-band model of cuprates: Variational wave function study and relation to the single-band caseDec 10 2018The $d$-$wave$ superconductivity is analyzed within the three-band $d$-$p$ model with the use of the diagrammatic expansion of the Guztwiller wave function method (DE-GWF). The determined stability regime of the superconducting state appears in the range ... More

Coexistence of spin-triplet superconductivity with magnetic ordering in an orbitally degenerate system: Hartree-Fock-BCS approximation revisitedJun 04 2012Apr 17 2013The Hund's-rule-exchange induced and coexisting spin-triplet paired and magnetic states are considered within the doubly degenerate Hubbard model with interband hybridization. The Hartree-Fock approximation combined with the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer ... More

Universal properties of high-temperature superconductors from real-space pairing III: The role of correlated hopping and intersite Coulomb interaction within the t-J-U modelMay 17 2017We study the effect of the correlated hopping term and the intersite Coulomb interaction term on principal features of the $d$-$wave$ superconducting (SC) state, in both the electron and hole doped regimes within the t-J-U model. In our analysis we use ... More

Stability of the coexistent superconducting-nematic phase under the presence of intersite interactionsNov 07 2017We analyze the effect of intersite-interaction terms on the stability of the coexisting superconucting-nematic phase (SC+N) within the extended Hubbard and $t$-$J$-$U$ models on the square lattice. In order to take into account the correlation effects ... More

Spontaneous appearance of nonzero momentum Cooper pairing: Possible application to the iron-pnictidesNov 21 2014We suggest that an inhomogeneous (non-zero momentum) paired phase can appear in the absence of an external magnetic field in the system with a predominant interband pairing and with separate Fermi-surface sheets. The Fermi wave vector mismatch which appears ... More

Effect of interlayer processes on the superconducting state within t-J-U model: Full Gutzwiller wave-function solution and relation to experimentJan 20 2017The Gutzwiller wave function solution of the $t$-$J$-$U$ model is considered for the bilayer high-T$_C$ superconductor by using the so-called diagrammatic expansion method. The focus is on the influence of the interlayer effects on the superconducting ... More

Unconventional topological superconductivity and phase diagram for an effective two-orbital model as applied to twisted bilayer grapheneMay 03 2018Aug 28 2018We consider the superconducting and Mott-insulating states for the twisted bilayer graphene, modeled as two narrow-band system of electrons with appreciable intraatomic Coulomb interactions. The interaction induces kinetic exchange which leads to real-space, ... More

Universal properties of high temperature superconductors from real space pairing: quantitative comparison with experimentJun 10 2016The universal experimental properties of high temperature superconducting (HTS) cuprates have been singled out in the last decade. One of the pivotal challenges in this field is the designation of a consistent interpretation framework within which we ... More

Antiferromagnetism, charge density wave, and d-wave superconductivity in the extended $t$--$J$--$U$ model: role of intersite Coulomb interaction and a critical overview of renormalized mean field theoryJul 19 2016Mar 15 2018In the first part of the paper, we study the stability of antiferromagnetic (AF), charge density wave (CDW), and superconducting (SC) states within the $t$-$J$-$U$-$V$ model of strongly correlated electrons by using the statistically consistent Gutzwiller ... More

Fulde-Ferrell state induced purely by the orbital effect in a superconducting nanowireFeb 17 2015May 11 2015We demonstrate that the Fulde-Ferrell (FF) phase can be induced uniquely by the orbital effect in a cylindrical metallic nanowire. In the external magnetic field the two-fold degeneracy with respect to the orbital quantum number $m$ is lifted what leads ... More

Even-parity spin-triplet pairing for orbitally degenerate correlated electrons by purely repulsive interactionsMay 13 2013We demonstrate the stability of a spin-triplet paired s-wave (with an admixture of extended s-wave) state for the case of purely repulsive interactions in a degenerate two-band Hubbard model. We further show that near half-filling the considered kind ... More

Universal properties of high temperature superconductors from real space pairing: t-J-U model and its quantitative comparison with experimentJun 10 2016Oct 11 2016Selected universal experimental properties of high temperature superconducting (HTS) cuprates have been singled out in the last decade. One of the pivotal challenges in this field is the designation of a consistent interpretation framework within which ... More

Antiferromagnetism, charge density wave, and d-wave superconductivity in the $t$-$J$-$U$-$V$ model of correlated electrons: Role of direct Coulomb interactionsJul 19 2016Aug 02 2016We study the stability of antiferromagnetic (AF), charge density wave (CDW), and superconducting (SC) states within the $t$-$J$-$U$-$V$ model of strongly correlated electrons using the statistically consistent Gutzwiller approximation (SGA). We concentrate ... More

Neutralino-Nucleon Scattering RevisitedJul 01 1993We present a detailed discussion of the elastic scattering of a supersymmetric neutralino off a nucleon or nucleus, with emphasis on the spin--independent interaction. We carefully treat QCD effects on the squark exchange contribution. In particular, ... More

Quantum information processing: The case of vanishing interaction energyOct 27 2002We investigate the rate of operation of quantum "black boxes" ("oracles") and point out the possibility of performing an operation by a quantum "oracle" whose average energy equals zero. This counterintuitive result not only presents a generalization ... More

Self-Organized Topological State with Majorana FermionsJul 08 2013Nov 06 2013Topological phases, quite generally, are difficult to come by. They either occur under rather extreme conditions (e.g. the quantum Hall liquids, which require high sample purity, strong magnetic fields and low temperatures) or demand fine tuning of system ... More

Spin Response of Electrons on the Surface of a Topological InsulatorJan 11 2012The surface of a topological insulator hosts a very special form of a quasi-two dimensional metallic system when it is embedded in a topologically trivial medium like the vacuum. The electronic properties of this unusual 2D metal are distinct in many ... More

Massive Neutrino in Non-commutative Space-timeDec 24 2007Apr 01 2008We consider the noncommutative standard model based on $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We study the gauge transformation of right handed neutrino and its direct interaction with photon in the noncommutative space-time. We show that the massive Dirac neutrinos, ... More

Infinite order excitonic Bloch equations for asymmetric nanostructuresJul 04 2003We present a new exciton-based formalism for calculating the coherent response of asymmetric semiconductor multiple quantum well structures to ultra-short optical pulses valid to infinite order in the optical field and including the self-generated intraband ... More

Scalar StoponiumAug 18 1993We study the decays of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll \mstt$, a pair of light scalar Higgs bosons ... More

Photon Neutrino Scattering in Non-Commutative SpaceNov 04 2005Jan 19 2006We extend the non-commutative standard model based on the minimal $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$ gauge group to include the interaction of photon with neutrino. We show that, in the gauge invariant manner, only the right handed neutrino can directly couple ... More

Lorentz Conserving Noncommutative Standard ModelMar 29 2007May 10 2007We consider Lorentz conserving noncommutative field theory to construct the Lorentz conserving noncommutative standard model based on the gauge group $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We obtain the enveloping algebra-valued of Higgs field up to the second ... More

Shelving and Probe Efficiency in Trapped Ion ExperimentsFeb 24 2014A generalized probe sequence typical of trapped ion experiments using shelving is studied. Detection efficiency is analyzed for finite shelved state lifetimes and using multi-modal count distributions. Multi-modal distributions are more appropriate for ... More

The Neutralino Relic Density in Minimal N=1 SupergravityJul 10 1992We compute the cosmic relic (dark matter) density of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) in the framework of minimal $N=1$ Supergravity models with radiative breaking of the electroweak gauge symmetry. To this end, we re--calculate the cross sections ... More

Quantization and $2π$ Periodicity of the Axion Action in Topological InsulatorsJun 17 2010Nov 10 2010The Lagrangian describing the bulk electromagnetic response of a three-dimensional strong topological insulator contains a topological `axion' term of the form '\theta E dot B'. It is often stated (without proof) that the corresponding action is quantized ... More

Production and Decay of Scalar Stoponium Bound StatesDec 02 1993In this paper we discuss possible signatures for the production of scalar \stst\ (stoponium) bound states \sigst\ at hadron colliders, where \st\ is the lighter scalar top eigenstate. We first study the decay of \sigst; explicit expressions are given ... More

Parton Model in Lorentz Invariant Non-Commutative SpaceMay 26 2004Aug 22 2004We consider the Lorentz invariant non-commutative QED and complete the Feynman rules for the theory up to the order $\theta^2$. In the Lorentz invariant version of the non-commutative QED the particles with fractional charges can be also considered. We ... More

Electromagnetic Response of Weyl SemimetalsMar 22 2013Jun 27 2013It has been suggested recently, based on subtle field-theoretical considerations, that the electromagnetic response of Weyl semimetals and the closely related Weyl insulators can be characterized by an axion term E.B with space and time dependent axion ... More

The Charm Quark Contribution to the Proton Structure FunctionOct 14 2006Dec 27 2006The charm quark structure function $F^c_2$ and the longitudinal structure function $F_l^p$ are directly sensitive to the gluon content of proton and therefore are crucial in understanding of proton structure function, in particular at low momentum transfer ... More

The decay of singlet scalar dark matter to unparticle and photonMay 06 2008We consider the unparticle physics introduced by Georgi and show that if the standard model is extended to include a singlet scalar as a dark matter candidate, there is a channel which leads to its decay to photon and unparticle. We calculate the decay ... More

On the effect of the thermal gas component to the stability of vortices in trapped Bose-Einstein condensatesMar 12 2002We study the stability of vortices in trapped single-component Bose-Einstein condensates within self-consistent mean-field theories--especially we consider the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov-Popov theory and its recently proposed gapless extensions. It is shown ... More

A new signal for scalar top bound state productionOct 01 1993We study the production and decay of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst\ at hadron supercolliders, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll ... More

An Estimate of Referent of Noun Phrases in Japanese SentencesDec 13 1999In machine translation and man-machine dialogue, it is important to clarify referents of noun phrases. We present a method for determining the referents of noun phrases in Japanese sentences by using the referential properties, modifiers, and possessors ... More

On the canonically invariant calculation of Maslov indicesMay 30 2003Jun 18 2003After a short review of various ways to calculate the Maslov index appearing in semiclassical Gutzwiller type trace formulae, we discuss a coordinate-independent and canonically invariant formulation recently proposed by A Sugita (2000, 2001). We give ... More

Viscosity in cosmological simulations of clusters of galaxiesDec 06 2005The physics of the intracluster medium, in particular the values for the thermal conductivity and the viscosity are largely unknown and subject to an ongoing debate. Here, we study the effect of viscosity on the thermal state of the intracluster medium ... More

Evolution of the Internal Dynamics of Galaxy ClustersOct 16 2000We consider a sample of 51 distant galaxy clusters at 0.15<z<0.9 (<z> about 0.3), each cluster having at least 10 galaxies with available redshift in the literature. We select member galaxies, analyze the velocity dispersion profiles, and evaluate in ... More

Higher-order QCD corrections to supersymmetric particle production and decay at the LHCJan 27 2015Feb 23 2015We review recent results on higher-order calculations to squark and gluino production and decay at the LHC, as obtained within the Collaborative Research Centre / Transregio 9 "Computational Particle Physics". In particular, we discuss inclusive cross ... More

Supersymmetry and Future CollidersJul 28 1999In this talk, I review precision SUSY study at LHC and TeV scale e+e- linear colliders (LC). We discuss the study of the 3 body decay of the second lightest neutralino \chi^0_2--> \chi^0_1 ll or the 2 body decay \chi^0_2-->\tilde{l}l at LHC. In the former ... More

Two-loop mixing of dimension-five flavor-changing operatorsSep 30 1994Oct 17 1994We calculate the two-loop QCD mixing of the dimension-five flavor-changing operators that arise in the Standard Model after integrating out the $W$, $Z$ and Higgs bosons and the top-quark, i.e.~the mixing among gluonic and photonic magnetic moment operators. ... More

The Vector Meson Mass in Chiral Effective Field TheoryMay 01 2014A brief overview of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) as a non-Abelian gauge field theory, including symmetries and formalism of interest, will precede a focused discussion on the use of an Effective Field Theory (EFT) as a low energy perturbative expansion ... More

How much can supergravity teach us about microscopic features of BPS black holes?Dec 20 2000We review recent results in the study of regular four dimensional BPS black holes in toroidally compactified type II (or M) theory. We discuss the generating solution for this kind of black holes, its microscopic description(s), and compute the corresponding ... More

Regular BPS black holes: macroscopic and microscopic description of the generating solutionFeb 23 2000Jun 06 2000In this paper we construct the BPS black hole generating solution of toroidally compactified string (and M) theory, giving for it both the macroscopic and microscopic description. Choosing a proper U-duality gauge the latter will be given by a bound state ... More

Comment on ``A Comparison Between Broad Histogram and Multicanonical Methods''Nov 30 2000Jan 08 2001A recent paper by A. R. Lima, P. M. C. de Oliveira, and T. J. P. Penna [cond-mat/0002176; J. Stat. Phys. 99:691 (2000)], seems to contain at least two mistakes which deserve comment, one concerning the numerical data, the other being of a conceptual kind. ... More

Geometry of the Grosse-Wulkenhaar ModelFeb 19 2009Feb 22 2010We define a two-dimensional noncommutative space as a limit of finite-matrix spaces which have space-time dimension three. We show that on such space the Grosse-Wulkenhaar (renormalizable) action has natural interpretation as the action for the scalar ... More

QCD Coupling Constant at Finite TemperatureMay 02 1996We work out the method for evaluating the QCD coupling constant at finite temperature ($T$) by making use of the finite $T$ renormalization group equation up to the one-loop order on the basis of the background field method with the imaginary time formalism. ... More

Direct evidence for a characteristic dynamic lengthscale in the intermediate phase of glassesJul 23 2010AC conductivity spectra of xAgI-(1-x)AgPO$_3$ fast ion conducting glasses spanning the flexible, intermediate (isostatically rigid) and stressed rigid phases are analyzed. The rescaled frequency dependent spectra are mapped into time-dependent mean square ... More

Andreev reflection at QGP/CFL interfaceJan 23 2002Apr 12 2002In this letter we address the question of the phenomena of Andreev reflection between the cold quark-gluon plasma phase and CFL color superconductor. We show that there are two different types of reflections connected to the structure of the CFL phase. ... More

Multi-particle correlations of an oscillating scattererNov 16 2005Using multi-particle distribution functions we calculate the correlations produced by a periodically driven scatterer in a system of noninteracting electrons at zero temperature. The multi-particle correlations due to a quantum exchange effect are expressed ... More

Quantum pumping: Coherent Rings versus Open ConductorsJul 28 2003We examine adiabatic quantum pumping generated by an oscillating scatterer embedded in a one-dimensional ballistic ring and compare it with pumping caused by the same scatterer connected to external reservoirs. The pumped current for an open conductor, ... More

The helium abundances in HgMn and normal starsJul 26 2004The parameter-free model of diffusion in the atmospheres of HgMn stars (Michaud 1986; Michaud et al 1979) predicts that helium should sink below the He II ionization zone in order that diffusion of other elements may take place, and that all HgMn stars ... More

The universal effective potential for three-dimensional massive scalar field theory from the Monte Carlo study of the Ising modelJan 29 1994We study the low-energy effective action $S_{eff}[\varphi]$ for the one-component real scalar field theory in three Euclidean dimensions in the symmetric phase, concentrating on its static part --- effective potential $V_{eff}(\varphi)$. It characterizes ... More

Ultra-high Energy Predictions of Proton-Air Cross Sections from Accelerator Data: an UpdateSep 13 2011At $\sqrt s = 57\pm 7$ TeV, the Pierre Auger Observatory (PAO) collaboration has recently measured the proton-air inelastic production cross section $\sigma_{\rm p-air}$. Assuming a helium contamination of 25%, they subtracted 30 mb from their measured ... More

Ultra-high Energy Predictions of proton-air Cross Sections from Accelerator DataMay 21 2007We predict $\sigma_{p{-}\rm air}^{\rm prod}$, the proton--air inelastic production cross section, at $pp$ center-of-mass energies $2\le\sqrt s \le 100000$ TeV, using high energy predictions from a saturated Froissart bound parameterization of accelerator ... More

Exact solutions of Klein Gordon equation for the Makarov potential with the asymptotic iteration methodMar 25 2010We derive exact analytical solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation for Makarov potential by means of the asymptotic iteration method. The energy eigenvalues are given in a closed form and the corresponding normalized eigenfunctions are obtained in terms ... More

Event-by-Event Fluctuations in Particle Multiplicities and Transverse Energy Produced in 158.A GeV Pb+Pb collisionsAug 31 2001Mar 20 2002Event-by-event fluctuations in the multiplicities of charged particles and photons, and the total transverse energy in 158$\cdot A$ GeV Pb+Pb collisions are studied for a wide range of centralities. For narrow centrality bins the multiplicity and transverse ... More

Transverse mass distributions of neutral pions from $^{208}$Pb-induced reactions at 158$\cdot A$ GeVAug 03 2001Dec 20 2001Results on transverse mass spectra of neutral pions measured at central rapidity are presented for impact parameter selected 158$\cdot A$ GeV Pb + Pb, and Pb + Nb collisions. The distributions cover the range $0.5 \mathrm{GeV}/c^{2} \le m_{T} - m_{0} ... More

The clustering properties of the first galaxiesNov 17 2009Jun 01 2010We study the clustering properties of the first galaxies formed in the Universe. We find that, due to chemical enrichment of the inter-stellar medium by isolated Population III stars formed in mini-halos at redshift z>30, the (chronologically) first galaxies ... More

Dust absorption along the line of sight for high-redshift objectsJul 10 2006We estimate the optical depth distribution of dust present in absorption systems along the line of sight of high redshift galaxies and the resulting reddening. We characterize the probability distribution of the transmission to a given redshift and the ... More

Neutral gas density in Damped Lyman Alpha systemsJun 28 2006We estimate the intrinsic neutral gas density in Damped Lyman Alpha systems ($\Omega_{HI}^{(DLA)}$) in the redshift range $ 2.2 \lesssim z \lesssim 5$ from the DLA SDSS DR_3 sample of optically selected quasars. We take into account self-consistently ... More

The very first Pop III stars and their relation to bright z~6 quasarsOct 04 2007We discuss the link between dark matter halos hosting the first PopIII stars formed at redshift z > 40 and the rare, massive, halos that are generally considered to host bright z~6 quasars. We show that within the typical volume occupied by one bright ... More

A New Approach to the Internal Calibration of Reverberation Mapping SpectraSep 13 2016We present a new procedure for the internal (night-to-night) calibration of time series spectra, with specific applications to optical AGN reverberation mapping data. The traditional calibration technique assumes that the narrow [OIII]$\lambda$5007 emission ... More

Two-photon annihilation of singlet cold dark matters due to noncommutative space-timeOct 01 2012Detecting the cosmic rays, in particular gamma-ray, coming from the dark matter annihilation or decay is an indirect way to survey the nature of the dark matter. In the commutative space-time, the annihilation of the dark matter candidates (WIMPs) to ... More

Riemann-Hilbert approach to multi-time processes; the Airy and the Pearcey caseApr 26 2011We prove that matrix Fredholm determinants related to multi-time processes can be expressed in terms of determinants of integrable kernels \`a la Its-Izergin-Korepin-Slavnov (IIKS) and hence related to suitable Riemann-Hilbert problems, thus extending ... More

The transition between the gap probabilities from the Pearcey to the Airy process; a Riemann-Hilbert approachMay 21 2010Mar 31 2011We consider the gap probability for the Pearcey and Airy processes; we set up a Riemann--Hilbert approach (different from the standard one) whereby the asymptotic analysis for large gap/large time of the Pearcey process is shown to factorize into two ... More

Quark Droplets in the NJL Mean FieldJul 20 1998We study the conditions for the existence of stable quark matter in the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio mean field at zero temperature and discuss its interpretation.

Paracontrolled quasilinear SPDEsOct 25 2016We introduce a non-linear paracontrolled calculus and use it to renormalise a class of singular SPDEs including certain quasilinear variants of the periodic two dimensional parabolic Anderson model.

Fractional Supersymmetry as a Superposition of Ordinary SupersymmetrySep 05 2005It is shown how to derive fractional supersymmetric quantum mechanics of order k as a superposition of k-1 copies of ordinary supersymmetric quantum mechanics.

Two-Photon Laser Spectroscopy of Transition Ions in Crystals: Inter- Configurational TransitionsNov 18 1998Symmetry adaptation techniques are applied to the determination of the intensity of two-photon absorption transitions, between Stark levels of configurations with opposite parities, for transition ions in finite symmetry environments. The equivalence ... More

Symmetry Adaptation and Two-Photon Spectroscopy of Ions in Molecular or Solid-State Finite SymmetryNov 18 1998Finite symmetry adaptation techniques are applied to the determination of the intensity strength of two-photon transitions for ions with one partly-filled shell nl in crystalline environments of symmetry G. We treat the case of intra- configurational ... More

Statistical Mechanics of $qp$-Bosons in $D$ DimensionsDec 06 1995Jan 02 1996This paper is concerned with statistical properties of a gas of $qp$-bosons without interaction. Some thermodynamical functions for such a system in $D$ dimensions are derived. Bose-Einstein condensation is discussed in terms of the parameters $q$ and ... More

171Yb+ System Stability, 5D3/2 Hyperfine State Detection Efficiency and F=2 LifetimeOct 09 2013A data acquisition system is described that is designed to stabilize cooling and probe rates to maximize detection sensitivity and minimize possible systematic errors due to correlations between drifting experimental conditions and varying drive parameters. ... More

Bound States and Instabilities of VorticesMar 28 1995We examine the spectrum of small perturbations around global and local (gauge) abelian vortices, using simple numerical matrix techniques. The results are of interest for both cosmic strings and for their condensed matter analogues, superfluid and superconducting ... More

Coincidence of Universe age in $Λ$CDM and Milne cosmologiesMay 08 2006Nov 09 2006The age of the Universe in the $\Lambda$CDM cosmology with $\Omega_{matter}=0.26$ and $\Omega_{\Lambda}=0.74$ is the same as in the Milne cosmology which correspods to an almost empty universe. In both cases it is a reciprocal Hubble constant, $1/H_0$, ... More

A non-perturbative treatment of the generalized Su-Schreiffer-Heeger Hamiltonian on a dimerOct 11 2000Starting from the Hamiltonian for a dimer which includes all the electronic and electron-phonon terms consistent with a non-degenerate orbital, by a sequence of displacement and squeezing transformation we obtain an effective polaronic Hamiltonian. The ... More

A Study of Cyg OB2: Pointing the Way Towards Finding Our Galaxy's Super Star ClustersJul 30 2003New optical MK classification spectra have been obtained for 14 OB star candidates identified by Comeron et al. (2002) and presumed to be possible members of the Cyg OB2 cluster. All 14 candidate OB stars observed are indeed early-type stars, strongly ... More

Invariant construction of solutions to Einstein's field equations - LRS perfect fluids IIAug 24 1998The properties of LRS class II perfect fluid space-times are analyzed using the description of geometries in terms of the Riemann tensor and a finite number of its covariant derivatives. In this manner it is straightforward to obtain the plane and hyperbolic ... More

Large $\pt$ Hadroproduction of Heavy QuarksNov 10 1993The production of heavy quarks at large $\pt$ ($\pt\gg m$) in hadronic collisions is considered. The analysis is carried out in the framework of perturbative fragmentation functions, thereby allowing a resummation at the NLO level of final state large ... More

A remark on sphaleron erasure of baryon asymmetryNov 24 1999Jan 20 2000We complete an existing result for how the baryon asymmetry left over after a period of full thermal equilibrium depends on different lepton asymmetries.

An all-order discontinuity at the electroweak phase transitionJul 27 1999Aug 27 1999We define a non-local gauge-invariant Green's function which can distinguish between the symmetric (confinement) and broken (Higgs) phases of the hot SU(2)xU(1) electroweak theory to all orders in the perturbative expansion. It is related to the coupling ... More

Why are dense planetary rings only found between 8 and 20 AU?Feb 26 2015Mar 13 2015The recent discovery of dense rings around the Centaur Chariklo (and possibly Chiron) reveals that complete dense planetary rings are not only found around Saturn and Uranus, but also around small bodies orbiting in the vicinity of those giant planets. ... More

The global properties of all variety of AGNDec 13 2004Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) have been a challenging field of research for the past six decades. Nevertheless, many questions still remain unanswered today, regardless of the tremendous theoretical and technological advances. In this brief review I propose ... More

Insights into the High Temperature Superconducting Cuprates from Resonant Inelastic X-ray ScatteringFeb 21 2014Apr 04 2014Recent improvements in instrumentation have established resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) as a valuable new probe of the magnetic excitations in the cuprates. This article introduces RIXS, focusing on the Cu $L_3$ resonance, and reviews recent ... More

Higgs Production by Gluon initiated Weak Boson FusionSep 17 2007The gluon-gluon induced terms for Higgs production through weak-boson fusion are calculated. They form a finite and gauge-invariant subset of the NNLO corrections in the strong coupling constant. This is also the lowest order with sizeable t-channel colour ... More

Vafa-Witten theorem and Lee-Yang singularitiesApr 16 2002Dec 18 2009We prove the analyticity of the finite volume QCD partition function for complex values of the theta-vacuum parameter. The absence of singularities different from Lee-Yang zeros only permits ^ cusp singularities in the vacuum energy density and never ... More

Quasicrystal approximants with novel compositions and structuresFeb 13 2004We identify several new quasicrystal approximants in alloy systems in which quasicrystals have not been previously reported. Some occur in alloys with large size contrast between the constituent elements, either containing small Boron atoms, or large ... More

First-principles prediction of a decagonal quasicrystal containing boronMay 14 2004We interpret experimentally known B-Mg-Ru crystals as quasicrystal approximants. These approximant structures imply a deterministic decoration of tiles by atoms that can be extended quasiperiodically. Experimentally observed structural disorder corresponds ... More

Non-Abelian Stokes Theorem for Wilson Loops Associated with General Gauge GroupsJul 09 1999Dec 08 1999A formula constituting the non-Abelian Stokes theorem for general semi-simple compact gauge groups is presented. The formula involves a path integral over a group space and is applicable to Wilson loop variables irrespective of the topology of loops. ... More

Gravitational double layersFeb 05 2014Feb 20 2014I analyze the properties of thin shells through which the scalar curvature R is discontinuous in gravity theories with R + R^2 Lagrangian on the bulk. These shells/domain walls are of a new kind because they possess, in addition to the standard energy-momentum ... More

Remarks on the stability operator for MOTSNov 26 2012Small deformations of marginally outer trapped surfaces (MOTS) are studied by using the stability operator introduced by Andersson-Mars-Simon. Novel formulae for the principal eigenvalue are presented. A characterization of the many marginally outer trapped ... More

Classification of spacelike surfaces in spacetimeMar 22 2007A classification of 2-dimensional surfaces imbedded in spacetime is presented, according to the algebraic properties of their shape tensor. The classification has five levels, and provides among other things a refinement of the concepts of trapped, umbilical ... More

A singularity theorem based on spatial averagesOct 26 2006May 06 2007Inspired by Raychaudhuri's work, and using the equation named after him as a basic ingredient, a new singularity theorem is proved. Open non-rotating everywhere expanding universes with non-vanishing spatial average of the matter variables are severely ... More

Volume modulus inflation and a low scale of SUSY breakingFeb 07 2008Jul 08 2008The relation between the Hubble constant and the scale of supersymmetry breaking is investigated in models of inflation dominated by a string modulus. Usually in this kind of models the gravitino mass is of the same order of magnitude as the Hubble constant ... More

Primordial magnetic fields from inflation?Apr 28 2000The hot plasma above the electroweak scale contains (hyper) charged scalar particles which are coupled to Abelian gauge fields. Scalars may interact with gravity in a non-conformally invariant way and thus their fluctuations can be amplified during inflation. ... More

Dilaton Contributions to the Cosmic Gravitational Wave BackgroundNov 17 1992We consider the cosmological amplification of a metric perturbation propagating in a higher-dimensional Brans-Dicke background, including a non trivial dilaton evolution. We discuss the properties of the spectral energy density of the produced gravitons ... More

Formalism and quality of a proper motion link with extragalactic objects for astrometric satellite missionsSep 29 2003The accuracy of the link of the proper motion system of astrometric satellite missions like AMEX and GAIA is discussed. Monte-Carlo methods were used to simulate catalogues of positions and proper motions of quasars and galaxies to test the link. The ... More