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Study of the scientific potential of a three 40 cm Telescopes Interferometer at Dome CJun 15 2006Recent site testing (see: http://www-luan.unice.fr/Concordiastro/indexantartic.html) has shown that Dome C in Antarctica might have a high potential for stellar interferometry if some solutions related to the surface atmospheric layer are found. A demonstrator ... More

The 2012 Interferometric Imaging Beauty ContestJul 31 2012Aug 01 2012We present the results of the fifth Interferometric Imaging Beauty Contest. The contest consists in blind imaging of test data sets derived from model sources and distributed in the OIFITS format. Two scenarios of imaging with CHARA/MIRC-6T were offered ... More

The nearby eclipsing stellar system delta Velorum III. Self-consistent fundamental parameters and distanceJun 13 2011The triple stellar system delta Vel (composed of two A-type and one F-type main sequence stars) is particularly interesting as it contains one of the nearest and brightest eclipsing binaries. It therefore presents a unique opportunity to determine independently ... More

Scientific Productivity, Research Funding, Race and EthnicityDec 16 2011In a recent study by Ginther et al., the probability of receiving a U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) RO1 award was related to the applicant's race/ethnicity. The results indicate black/African-American applicants were 10% less likely than white ... More

VLTI/AMBER observations of the Seyfert nucleus of NGC 3783Apr 27 2012Context. The putative tori surrounding the accretion disks of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) play a fundamental role in the unification scheme of AGNs. Infrared long-baseline interferometry allows us to study the inner dust distribution in AGNs with unprecedented ... More

Revealing the inner circumstellar disk of the T Tauri star S CrA N using the VLTIJul 10 2012Aims: We investigate the structure of the circumstellar disk of the T Tauri star S CrA N and test whether the observations agree with the standard picture proposed for Herbig Ae stars. Methods: Our observations were carried out with the VLTI/AMBER instrument ... More

Omni-tomography: Next-generation Biomedical ImagingDec 21 2012Omni-tomography is enabled by interior tomography that has been developed over the past five years. By omni-tomography, we envision that the next stage of biomedical imaging will be the grand fusion of many tomographic modalities into a single gantry ... More

Three recipes for improving the image quality with optical long-baseline interferometers: BFMC, LFF, \& DPSCJul 19 2012We present here three recipes for getting better images with optical interferometers. Two of them, Low- Frequencies Filling and Brute-Force Monte Carlo were used in our participation to the Interferometry Beauty Contest this year and can be applied to ... More

The 2010 Interferometric Imaging Beauty ContestJul 26 2010We present the results of the fourth Optical/IR Interferometry Imaging Beauty Contest. The contest consists of blind imaging of test data sets derived from model sources and distributed in the OI-FITS format. The test data consists of spectral data sets ... More

Strong near-infrared emission in the sub-AU disk of the Herbig Ae star HD163296: evidence for refractory dust?Nov 23 2009Dec 07 2009We present new long-baseline spectro-interferometric observations of the HerbigAe star HD163296 obtained in the H and K bands with the AMBER instrument at VLTI. The observations cover a range of spatial resolutions between 3 and 12 milli-arcseconds, with ... More

A low optical depth region in the inner disk of the HerbigAe star HR5999Jun 21 2011Circumstellar disks surrounding young stars are known to be the birthplaces of planets, and the innermost astronomical unit is of particular interest. We present new long-baseline spectro-interferometric observations of the HerbigAe star, HR5999, obtained ... More

HD 46375: seismic and spectropolarimetric analysis of a young Sun hosting a Saturn-like planetNov 11 2010HD 46375 is known to host a Saturn-like exoplanet orbiting at 0.04 AU from its host star. Stellar light reflected by the planet was tentatively identified in the 34-day CoRoT run acquired in October-November 2008. We constrain the properties of the magnetic ... More

AMBER/VLTI high spectral resolution observations of the Br$γ$ emitting region in HD 98922. A compact disc wind launched from the inner disc regionAug 04 2015We analyse the main physical parameters and the circumstellar environment of the young Herbig Be star HD 98922. We present AMBER/VLTI high spectral resolution (R =12000) interferometric observations across the Br$\gamma$ line, accompanied by UVES high-resolution ... More

A compact dust shell in the symbiotic system HM SgeFeb 14 2007We present high spatial resolution observations of the mid-infrared core of the dusty symbiotic system HM Sge. The MIDI interferometer was used with the VLT UTs and ATs providing baselines oriented from PA=42° to 105°. The MIDI visibilities are ... More

"Advanced" data reduction for the AMBER instrumentJul 02 2008The amdlib AMBER data reduction software is meant to produce AMBER data products from the raw data files that are sent to the PIs of different proposals or that can be found in the ESO data archive. The way defined by ESO to calibrate the data is to calibrate ... More

AMBER closure and differential phases: accuracy and calibration with a Beam CommutationJun 30 2008Jul 02 2008The first astrophysical results of the VLTI focal instrument AMBER have shown the importance of the differential and closure phase measures, which are supposed to be much less sensitive to atmospheric and instrumental biases than the absolute visibility. ... More

Optical configuration and analysis of the AMBER/VLTI instrumentJul 23 2008This paper describes the design goals and engineering efforts that led to the realization of AMBER (Astronomical Multi BEam combineR) and to the achievement of its present performance. On the basis of the general instrumental concept, AMBER was decomposed ... More

Possible detection of phase changes from the non-transiting planet HD 46375b by CoRoTNov 11 2010The present work deals with the detection of phase changes in an exoplanetary system. HD 46375 is a solar analog known to host a non-transiting Saturn-mass exoplanet with a 3.0236 day period. It was observed by the CoRoT satellite for 34 days during the ... More

VLTI/AMBER interferometric observations of the recurrent Nova RS Oph 5.5 days after outburstNov 19 2006We report on interferometric AMBER/VLTI observations of the recurrent nova RS Oph five days after its outburst on 2006 Feb 12. Using three baselines from 44 to 86m, and a spectral resolution of 1500, we measured the extension of the emission in the K ... More

PAINTER: a spatio-spectral image reconstruction algorithm for optical interferometryJun 29 2014Sep 27 2014Astronomical optical interferometers sample the Fourier transform of the intensity distribution of a source at the observation wavelength. Because of rapid perturbations caused by atmospheric turbulence, the phases of the complex Fourier samples (visibilities) ... More

Statistical characterization of polychromatic absolute and differential squared visibilities obtained from AMBER/VLTI instrumentMay 14 2014In optical interferometry, the visibility squared modulus are generally assumed to follow a Gaussian distribution and to be independent of each other. A quantitative analysis of the relevance of such assumptions is important to help improving the exploitation ... More

VLTI/AMBER differential interferometry of the broad-line region of the quasar 3C273Oct 12 2014Unveiling the structure of the Broad Line Region (BLR) of AGNs is critical to understand the quasar phenomenon. Resolving a few BLRs by optical interferometry will bring decisive information to confront, complement and calibrate the reverberation mapping ... More

Academic Ranking with Web Mining and Axiomatic AnalysisDec 26 2012Academic ranking is a public topic, such as for universities, colleges, or departments, which has significant educational, administrative and social effects. Popular ranking systems include the US News & World Report (USNWR), the Academic Ranking of World ... More

Extrasolar Planets with AMBER/VLTI, What can we expect from current performances ?Dec 09 2005We present the current performances of the AMBER / VLTI instrument in terms of differential observables (differential phase and differential visibility) and show that we are already able to reach a sufficient precision for very low mass companions spectroscopy ... More

Direct Detection of Sub-stellar Companions with MIDIAug 03 2004Current detection methods of planetary companions do not allow retrieving their spectral information properties. The method of Differential Interferometry has the potential to complement such information by comparing interferometric observables in various ... More

Use of a clinical PET/CT scanner for whole body biodistribution of intranasal nanoparticlesApr 03 2017Whole body biodistribution of 100 nanometer sized polymer micellar nanoparticles (NPs) was determined following intranasal administration using PET/CT imaging on a clinical scanner. Nanoparticles labeled with Zirconium 89 were administered intranasally ... More

Omni-tomography/Multi-tomography -- Integrating Multiple Modalities for Simultaneous ImagingJun 10 2011Current tomographic imaging systems need major improvements, especially when multi-dimensional, multi-scale, multi-temporal and multi-parametric phenomena are under investigation. Both preclinical and clinical imaging now depend on in vivo tomography, ... More

First direct detection of a Keplerian rotating disk around the Be star $α$ Arae using the VLTI/AMBER instrumentJun 16 2006Aims. We aim to study the geometry and kinematics of the disk around the Be star $\alpha$ Arae as a function of wavelength, especially across the Br$\gamma$ emission line. The main purpose of this paper is to answer the question about the nature of the ... More

Euclid preparation III. Galaxy cluster detection in the wide photometric survey, performance and algorithm selectionJun 11 2019Galaxy cluster counts in bins of mass and redshift have been shown to be a competitive probe to test cosmological models. This method requires an efficient blind detection of clusters from surveys with a well-known selection function and robust mass estimates. ... More

Euclid preparation III. Galaxy cluster detection in the wide photometric survey, performance and algorithm selectionJun 11 2019Jun 19 2019Galaxy cluster counts in bins of mass and redshift have been shown to be a competitive probe to test cosmological models. This method requires an efficient blind detection of clusters from surveys with a well-known selection function and robust mass estimates. ... More

Euclid preparation III. Galaxy cluster detection in the wide photometric survey, performance and algorithm selectionJun 11 2019Jun 18 2019Galaxy cluster counts in bins of mass and redshift have been shown to be a competitive probe to test cosmological models. This method requires an efficient blind detection of clusters from surveys with a well-known selection function and robust mass estimates. ... More

Bibliometric Index for Academic LeadershipOct 12 2016Academic leadership is essential for research innovation and impact. Until now, there has been no dedicated measure of leadership by bibliometrics. Popular bibliometric indices are mainly based on academic output, such as the journal impact factor and ... More

CT Super-resolution GAN Constrained by the Identical, Residual, and Cycle Learning Ensemble(GAN-CIRCLE)Aug 10 2018Sep 06 2018Computed tomography (CT) is widely used in screening, diagnosis, and image-guided therapy for both clinical and research purposes. Since CT involves ionizing radiation, an overarching thrust of related technical research is development of novel methods ... More

AMBER on the VLTI: data processing and calibration issuesMay 11 2007We present here the current performances of the AMBER / VLTI instrument for standard use and compare these with the offered modes of the instrument. We show that the instrument is able to reach its specified precision only for medium and high spectral ... More

Study of the atmospheric refraction in a single mode instrument - Application to AMBER/VLTIFeb 12 2009This paper presents a study of the atmospheric refraction and its effect on the light coupling efficiency in an instrument using single-mode optical fibers. We show the analytical approach which allowed us to assess the need to correct the refraction ... More

Direct constraint on the distance of y2 Velorum from AMBER/VLTI observationsOct 31 2006In this work, we present the first AMBER observations, of the Wolf-Rayet and O (WR+O) star binary system y2 Velorum. The AMBER instrument was used with the telescopes UT2, UT3, and UT4 on baselines ranging from 46m to 85m. It delivered spectrally dispersed ... More

An overview of the mid-infrared spectro-interferometer MATISSE: science, concept, and current statusAug 08 2016MATISSE is the second-generation mid-infrared spectrograph and imager for the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) at Paranal. This new interferometric instrument will allow significant advances by opening new avenues in various fundamental research ... More

Massive Neutrino in Non-commutative Space-timeDec 24 2007Apr 01 2008We consider the noncommutative standard model based on $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We study the gauge transformation of right handed neutrino and its direct interaction with photon in the noncommutative space-time. We show that the massive Dirac neutrinos, ... More

Infinite order excitonic Bloch equations for asymmetric nanostructuresJul 04 2003We present a new exciton-based formalism for calculating the coherent response of asymmetric semiconductor multiple quantum well structures to ultra-short optical pulses valid to infinite order in the optical field and including the self-generated intraband ... More

Scalar StoponiumAug 18 1993We study the decays of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll \mstt$, a pair of light scalar Higgs bosons ... More

Photon Neutrino Scattering in Non-Commutative SpaceNov 04 2005Jan 19 2006We extend the non-commutative standard model based on the minimal $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$ gauge group to include the interaction of photon with neutrino. We show that, in the gauge invariant manner, only the right handed neutrino can directly couple ... More

Neutralino-Nucleon Scattering RevisitedJul 01 1993We present a detailed discussion of the elastic scattering of a supersymmetric neutralino off a nucleon or nucleus, with emphasis on the spin--independent interaction. We carefully treat QCD effects on the squark exchange contribution. In particular, ... More

Quantum information processing: The case of vanishing interaction energyOct 27 2002We investigate the rate of operation of quantum "black boxes" ("oracles") and point out the possibility of performing an operation by a quantum "oracle" whose average energy equals zero. This counterintuitive result not only presents a generalization ... More

Self-Organized Topological State with Majorana FermionsJul 08 2013Nov 06 2013Topological phases, quite generally, are difficult to come by. They either occur under rather extreme conditions (e.g. the quantum Hall liquids, which require high sample purity, strong magnetic fields and low temperatures) or demand fine tuning of system ... More

Spin Response of Electrons on the Surface of a Topological InsulatorJan 11 2012The surface of a topological insulator hosts a very special form of a quasi-two dimensional metallic system when it is embedded in a topologically trivial medium like the vacuum. The electronic properties of this unusual 2D metal are distinct in many ... More

Lorentz Conserving Noncommutative Standard ModelMar 29 2007May 10 2007We consider Lorentz conserving noncommutative field theory to construct the Lorentz conserving noncommutative standard model based on the gauge group $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We obtain the enveloping algebra-valued of Higgs field up to the second ... More

Shelving and Probe Efficiency in Trapped Ion ExperimentsFeb 24 2014A generalized probe sequence typical of trapped ion experiments using shelving is studied. Detection efficiency is analyzed for finite shelved state lifetimes and using multi-modal count distributions. Multi-modal distributions are more appropriate for ... More

The Neutralino Relic Density in Minimal N=1 SupergravityJul 10 1992We compute the cosmic relic (dark matter) density of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) in the framework of minimal $N=1$ Supergravity models with radiative breaking of the electroweak gauge symmetry. To this end, we re--calculate the cross sections ... More

Quantization and $2π$ Periodicity of the Axion Action in Topological InsulatorsJun 17 2010Nov 10 2010The Lagrangian describing the bulk electromagnetic response of a three-dimensional strong topological insulator contains a topological `axion' term of the form '\theta E dot B'. It is often stated (without proof) that the corresponding action is quantized ... More

A new signal for scalar top bound state productionOct 01 1993We study the production and decay of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst\ at hadron supercolliders, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll ... More

Production and Decay of Scalar Stoponium Bound StatesDec 02 1993In this paper we discuss possible signatures for the production of scalar \stst\ (stoponium) bound states \sigst\ at hadron colliders, where \st\ is the lighter scalar top eigenstate. We first study the decay of \sigst; explicit expressions are given ... More

Parton Model in Lorentz Invariant Non-Commutative SpaceMay 26 2004Aug 22 2004We consider the Lorentz invariant non-commutative QED and complete the Feynman rules for the theory up to the order $\theta^2$. In the Lorentz invariant version of the non-commutative QED the particles with fractional charges can be also considered. We ... More

Electromagnetic Response of Weyl SemimetalsMar 22 2013Jun 27 2013It has been suggested recently, based on subtle field-theoretical considerations, that the electromagnetic response of Weyl semimetals and the closely related Weyl insulators can be characterized by an axion term E.B with space and time dependent axion ... More

The Charm Quark Contribution to the Proton Structure FunctionOct 14 2006Dec 27 2006The charm quark structure function $F^c_2$ and the longitudinal structure function $F_l^p$ are directly sensitive to the gluon content of proton and therefore are crucial in understanding of proton structure function, in particular at low momentum transfer ... More

The decay of singlet scalar dark matter to unparticle and photonMay 06 2008We consider the unparticle physics introduced by Georgi and show that if the standard model is extended to include a singlet scalar as a dark matter candidate, there is a channel which leads to its decay to photon and unparticle. We calculate the decay ... More

On the effect of the thermal gas component to the stability of vortices in trapped Bose-Einstein condensatesMar 12 2002We study the stability of vortices in trapped single-component Bose-Einstein condensates within self-consistent mean-field theories--especially we consider the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov-Popov theory and its recently proposed gapless extensions. It is shown ... More

Electroweak Baryogenesis in the MSSMMar 05 1999Mar 24 1999We review the baryogenesis scenario in the MSSM at the perturbative level and, in particular, the impact of two-loop corrections on the strength of the phase transition and the amount of generated baryon asymmetry. We confirm the baryogenesis window, ... More

Cosmic Variance and Its Effect on the Luminosity Function Determination in Deep High z SurveysDec 03 2007We study cosmic variance in deep high redshift surveys and its influence on the determination of the luminosity function for high redshift galaxies. For several survey geometries relevant for HST and JWST instruments, we characterize the distribution ... More

Periodic Solutions of Abel Differential EquationsMay 05 2006Jun 09 2006For a class of polynomial non-autonomous differential equations of degree n, we use phase plane analysis to show that each equation in this class has n periodic solutions. The result implies that certain rigid two-dimensional systems have at most one ... More

Hydrogen and muonic-Hydrogen Atomic Spectra in Non-commutative Space-TimeOct 03 2014Dec 16 2014Comparing electronic Hydrogen with muonic Hydrogen shows that the discrepancy in measurement of the Lamb shift in the both systems are relatively of order of $(\frac{m_\mu}{m_e})^{4-5}$. We explore the spectrum of Hydrogen atom in noncommutative $QED$ ... More

Pair excitations and the mean field approximation of interacting Bosons, IAug 18 2012Mar 16 2013In our previous work \cite{GMM1},\cite{GMM2} we introduced a correction to the mean field approximation of interacting Bosons. This correction describes the evolution of pairs of particles that leave the condensate and subsequently evolve on a background ... More

Color-Flavor (Un)lockingFeb 11 2002The structure of the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter at moderate densities is calculated within a 3-flavor NJL-type quark model with realistic quark masses. We focus on the influence of the selfconsistently determined effective strange quark ... More

Residual Diffeomorphisms and Symplectic Softs Hairs: The Need to Refine Strict Statement of Equivalence PrincipleMar 25 2016Sep 05 2016General covariance is the cornerstone of Einstein's General Relativity (GR) and implies that any two metrics related by diffeomorphisms are physically equivalent. There are, however, many examples pointing to the fact that this strict statement of general ... More

AGN pairs: chance superpositions or black hole binaries?Dec 29 2009Several active galactic nuclei (AGN) with multiple sets of emission lines separated by over 2000 km/s have been observed recently. These have been interpreted as being due to massive black hole (MBH) recoil following a black hole merger, MBH binaries, ... More

On Two Approaches to Fractional Supersymmetric Quantum MechanicsOct 26 2001Two complementary approaches of N = 2 fractional supersymmetric quantum mechanics of order k are studied in this article. The first one, based on a generalized Weyl-Heisenberg algebra W(k) (that comprizes the affine quantum algebra Uq(sl(2)) with q to ... More

Two-Photon Spectroscopy Between States of Opposite ParitiesNov 29 1995Magnetic- and electric-dipole two-photon absorption (MED-TPA), recently introduced as a new spectroscopic technique for studying transitions between states of opposite parities, is investigated from a theoretical point of view. A new approximation, referred ... More

Eisenstein series and quantum affine algebrasApr 26 1996Nov 23 1996Let X be a smooth projectibe curve over a finite field. We consider the Hall algebra H whose basis is formed by isomorphism classes of coherent sheaves on X and whose typical structure constant is the number of subsheaves in a given sheaf belonging to ... More

On the q-analog of homological algebraNov 04 1996This is an attempt to generalize some basic facts of homological algebra to the case of "complexes" in which the differential satisfies the condition $d^N=0$ instead of the usual $d^2=0$. Instead of familiar sign factors, the constructions related to ... More

Clusters of CyclesApr 07 2001A {\it cluster of cycles} (or {\it $(r,q)$-polycycle}) is a simple planar 2--co nnected finite or countable graph $G$ of girth $r$ and maximal vertex-degree $q$, which admits {\it $(r,q)$-polycyclic realization} on the plane, denote it by $P(G)$, i.e. ... More

Cosmic Electroweak StringsOct 27 1995We examine the Standard Model field configurations near cosmic strings in a particular class of models. This class is defined by the condition that the generator of the flux in the string, $T_s$, commutes with the Standard Model Lie algebra. We find that ... More

Instabilities of Electroweak StringsMay 22 1995We investigate the instabilities of low winding number electroweak strings using standard numerical techniques of linear algebra. For strings of unit winding we are able to confirm and extend existing calculations of the unstable region in the ($m_H/m_W,\sin^2\theta_W$) ... More

Searching for low weight pseudo-codewordsFeb 04 2007Jul 30 2007Belief Propagation (BP) and Linear Programming (LP) decodings of Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes are discussed. We summarize results of instanton/pseudo-codeword approach developed for analysis of the error-floor domain of the codes. Instantons ... More

Ground state spin and excitation energies in half-filled Lieb latticesOct 10 2016We present detailed spectral calculations for small Lieb lattices having up to $N=4$ number of cells, in the regime of half-filling, an instance of particular relevance for the nano-magnetism of discrete systems such as quantum dot arrays, due to the ... More

Shot noise in diffusive ferromagnetic metalsApr 05 2006We show that shot noise in a diffusive ferromagnetic wire connected by tunnel contacts to two ferromagnetic electrodes can probe the intrinsic density of states and the extrinsic impurity scattering spin-polarization contributions in the polarization ... More

Floquet scattering theory for current and heat noise in large amplitude adiabatic pumpsJul 12 2004Feb 05 2005We discuss the statistical correlation properties of currents and energy flows generated by an adiabatic quantum pump. Our approach emphasizes the important role of quantized energy exchange between the sea of electrons and the oscillating scatterer. ... More

Adiabatic quantum pump in the presence of external ac voltagesSep 28 2003We investigate a quantum pump which in addition to its dynamic pump parameters is subject to oscillating external potentials applied to the contacts of the sample. Of interest is the rectification of the ac currents flowing through the mesoscopic scatterer ... More

Heat production and current noise for single- and double-cavity quantum capacitorsMay 29 2009We analyze the frequency-dependent noise and the heat production rate for a dynamical quantum capacitor in the regime in which it emits single particles, electrons and holes. At low temperature and slow driving the relaxation resistance quantum, R_{q} ... More

Magnetic field symmetry of pump currents of adiabatically driven mesoscopic structuresFeb 03 2005Feb 20 2005We examine the scattering properties of a slowly and periodically driven mesoscopic sample using the Floquet function approach. One might expect that at sufficiently low driving frequencies it is only the frozen scattering matrix which is important. The ... More

Floquet scattering theory of quantum pumpsAug 19 2002We develop the Floquet scattering theory for quantum mechanical pumping in mesoscopic conductors. The nonequilibrium distribution function, the dc charge and heat currents are investigated at arbitrary pumping amplitude and frequency. For mesoscopic samples ... More

Excitation of surface dipole and solenoidal modes on toroidal structuresApr 27 2006May 01 2006The time dependent Schrodinger equation inclusive of curvature effects is developed for a spinless electron constrained to motion on a toroidal surface and subjected to circularly polarized and linearly polarized waves in the microwave regime. A basis ... More

Comment on ``Quasiparticle Spectra around a Single Vortex in a d-wave Superconductor''Oct 22 1997In a recent Letter Morita, Kohmoto and Maki analyzed the structure of quasiparticle states near a single vortex in a d-wave superconductor using an approximate version of the Bogoliubov - de Gennes theory. Their principal result is the existence of a ... More

Standard Model thermodynamics across the electroweak crossoverMar 17 2015Jul 23 2015Even though the Standard Model with a Higgs mass mH = 125 GeV possesses no bulk phase transition, its thermodynamics still experiences a "soft point" at temperatures around T = 160 GeV, with a deviation from ideal gas thermodynamics. Such a deviation ... More

Polyakov loop correlators from D0-brane interactions in bosonic string theoryMay 23 2005Jul 14 2005In this paper we re-derive the effective Nambu-Goto theory result for the Polyakov loop correlator, starting from the free bosonic string and using a covariant quantization. The boundary conditions are those of an open string attached to two D0-branes ... More

D-dimensional developed MHD turbulence: Double expansion modelMay 31 2006Developed magnetohydrodynamic turbulence near two dimensions $d$ up to three dimensions has been investigated by means of renormalization group approach and double expansion regularization. A modification of standard minimal subtraction scheme has been ... More

Eliminating overgrowth effects in Poisson spatial process through the correlation among actual nucleiMay 15 2003It has been shown that the KJMA (Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami) solution of phase transition kinetics can be set as a problem of correlated nucleation [Phys.Rev.B65, 172301 (2002)]. In this paper the equivalence between the standard solution and the ... More

The electron gas with a strong pairing interaction: Three particle correlations and the Thouless instabilitySep 18 2000We derive simplified Faddeev type equations for the three particle T-matrix which are valid in the Hubbard model where only electrons with opposite spins interact. Using the approximation of dynamical mean field theory these equations are partially solved ... More

Antisymmetric and other subleading corrections to scaling in the local potential approximationDec 02 2001Dec 03 2001For systems in the universality class of the three-dimensional Ising model we compute the critical exponents in the local potential approximation (LPA), that is, in the framework of the Wegner-Houghton equation. We are mostly interested in antisymmetric ... More

Similarity and Dissimilarity between Influences of Anchoring Walls and of External Fields on Nematic and Smectic A PhasesDec 09 2004The McMillan liquid crystalline models under the influence of homeotropic anchoring walls and of external fields are investigated. For thin systems, the existence of the critical thickness, below which the system does not undergo a discrete phase transition, ... More

Double layers in gravity theoriesOct 21 2014Gravitational double layers, unlike their classical electromagnetic counterparts, are thought to be forbidden in gravity theories. It has been recently shown, however, that they are feasible in, for instance, gravity theories with a Lagrangian quadratic ... More

Singularity Theorems in General Relativity: Achievements and Open QuestionsApr 30 2006In this short note, a brief overview with a critical appraisal of the acclaimed singularity theorems, the most genuine post-Einsteinian result of General Relativity, is presented.

Radio Emission from Low Mass Young Stellar ObjectsOct 26 2012Compact radio emission provides a reliable method for the detection of low luminosity young stellar objects (YSOs), and is particularly useful for detecting the earliest stages of protostellar evolution where the source itself may still be heavily embedded ... More

Solutions of the Quantum-Yang-Baxter-Equation from Symmetric SpacesJul 03 2001We show that for each semi-Riemannian locally symmetric space the curvature tensor gives rise to a rational solution $r$ of the classical Yang-Baxter equation with spectral parameter. For several Riemannian globally symmetric spaces $M$ such as real, ... More

On quantum advantage in dense codingJan 18 2007Sep 11 2009The quantum advantage of dense coding is studied, considering general encoding quantum operations. Particular attention is devoted to the case of many senders, and it is shown that restrictions on the possible operations on the senders' side may make ... More

VON NEUMANN AND SHANNON-WEHRL ENTROPY FOR SQUEEZED STATES AND COSMOLOGICAL PARTICLE PRODUCTIONFeb 17 1995We show that the effective coarse graining of a two-mode squeezed density matrix, implicit in the Wehrl approaches to a semiclassical phase-space distribution, leads to results in agreement with previous different definitions of entropy for the process ... More

Symmetry-broken crystal structure of elemental boron at low temperatureDec 04 2007The crystal structure of boron is unique among chemical elements, highly complex, and imperfectly known. Experimentalists report the beta-rhombohedral (black) form is stable over all temperatures from absolute zero to melting. However, early calculations ... More

Order-disorder transition in the Cd-Ca cubic approximantFeb 13 2004Recent experiments discovered an order-disorder transition occuring at low temperatures in large unit 1/1 cell cubic approximants of the stable Cd-based binary alloy quasicrystals. The transition is related to correlations among orientational degrees ... More

Quark Model Calculations of the N to Delta ReactionJun 19 2015The electromagnetic excitation of the nucleon resonances is studied in the framework of Constituent Quark Models. Particular attention is devoted to the transition to the $\Delta$ resonance and to the issue of a possible deformation of hadronic systems, ... More

Electromagnetic multipoles - theory issuesJun 30 2015Some predictions of the Hypercentral Constituent Quark Model for the helicity amplitudes are discussed and compared with data and with the recent analysis of the Mainz group; the role of the pion cloud contribution in explaining the major part of the ... More

Dynamics of kaons in nuclear matterFeb 11 1998May 27 1998We consider $K^-$ nucleon elastic and inelastic scattering in isospin symmetric nuclear matter. It is found that the proper description of the $\Lambda(1405)$ resonance structure in nuclear matter requires a self-consistent approach. Then the $\Lambda ... More

End Point of Hawking Evaporation -- Case of Integrable ModelSep 27 1993Quantum back reaction due to $N$ massless fields may be worked out to a considerable detail in a variant of integrable dilaton gravity model in two dimensions. It is shown that there exists a critical mass of collapsing object of order $\hbar N \times$ ... More