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A Taxonomic Study of Asteroid Families from KMTNet-SAAO Multi-band PhotometryMar 19 2019We present here multi-band photometry for over 2000 Main-belt asteroids. For each target we report the probabilistic taxonomy using the measured V-R and V-I colors in combination with a machine-learning generated decision surface in color-color space. ... More

ExploreNEOs VIII: Dormant Short-Period Comets in the Near-Earth Asteroid PopulationAug 17 2015We perform a search for dormant comets, asteroidal objects of cometary origin, in the near-Earth asteroid (NEA) population based on dynamical and physical considerations. Our study is based on albedos derived within the ExploreNEOs program and is extended ... More

"TNOs are Cool": A survey of the trans-Neptunian region XIV. Size/albedo characterization of the Haumea family observed with Herschel and SpitzerApr 12 2019A group of trans-Neptunian objects (TNO) are dynamically related to the dwarf planet 136108 Haumea. Ten of them show strong indications of water ice on their surfaces, are assumed to have resulted from a collision, and are accepted as the only known TNO ... More

SAFARI: Searching Asteroids For Activity Revealing IndicatorsJul 02 2018Active asteroids behave dynamically like asteroids but display comet-like comae. These objects are poorly understood, with only about 30 identified to date. We have conducted one of the deepest systematic searches for asteroid activity by making use of ... More

Nucleus of active asteroid 358P/Pan-STARRS (P/2012 T1)May 28 2018The dust emission from active asteroids is likely driven by collisions, fast rotation, sublimation of embedded ice, and combinations of these. Characterising these processes leads to a better understanding of their respective influence on the evolution ... More

Main Belt Asteroid Shape Distribution from Gaia DR2Aug 27 2018Gaia Data Release 2 includes observational data for 14,099 pre-selected asteroids. From the sparsely sampled G band photometry, we derive lower-limit lightcurve amplitudes for 11,665 main belt asteroids in order to provide constraints on the distribution ... More

NEOSurvey 1: Initial results from the Warm Spitzer Exploration Science Survey of Near Earth Object PropertiesAug 12 2016Near Earth Objects (NEOs) are small Solar System bodies whose orbits bring them close to the Earth's orbit. We are carrying out a Warm Spitzer Cycle 11 Exploration Science program entitled NEOSurvey --- a fast and efficient flux-limited survey of 597 ... More

First Results from the rapid-response spectrophotometric characterization of Near-Earth ObjectsMar 20 2019As part of our multi-observatory, multi-filter campaign, we present \rmi color observations of 82 Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) obtained with the RATIR instrument on the 1.5m robotic telescope at the San Pedro Martir's National Observatory in Mexico. Our ... More

Nereid from space: Rotation, size and shape analysis from Kepler/K2, Herschel and Spitzer observationsJan 11 2016In this paper we present an analysis of Kepler K2 mission Campaign 3 observations of the irregular Neptune satellite, Nereid. We determined a rotation period of P=11.594(+/-)0.017 h and amplitude of dm=0.0328(+/-)00018, confirming previous short rotation ... More

Constraining the Physical Properties of Near-Earth Object 2009 BDMar 30 2014We report on Spitzer Space Telescope IRAC observations of near-Earth object (NEO) 2009 BD that were carried out in support of the NASA Asteroid Robotic Retrieval Mission (ARRM) concept. We did not detect 2009 BD in 25 hrs of integration at 4.5 micron. ... More

Physical Properties of Near-Earth Asteroid 2011 MDJun 20 2014We report on observations of near-Earth asteroid 2011 MD with the Spitzer Space Telescope. We have spent 19.9 h of observing time with channel 2 (4.5 {\mu}m) of the Infrared Array Camera and detected the target within the 2{\sigma} positional uncertainty ... More

First Results from the Rapid-Response Spectrophotometric Characterization of Near-Earth Objects using UKIRTFeb 18 2016Using the Wide Field Camera for the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope, we measure the near-infrared colors of near-Earth objects (NEOs) in order to put constraints on their taxonomic classifications. The rapid-response character of our observations allows ... More

Long-term optical polarization variability of the tev blazar 1es~1959+650Apr 10 2013A detailed analysis of the optical polarimetric variability of the TeV blazar 1ES 1959+650 from 2007 October 18 to 2011 May 5 is presented. The source showed a maximum and minimum brightness states in the R-band of 14.08$\pm$0.03 mag and 15.20$\pm$0.03 ... More

Haumea's thermal emission revisited in the light of the occultation resultsNov 23 2018A recent occultation measurement of the dwarf planet Haumea (Ortiz et al. 2017) revealed an elongated shape with the longest axis comparable to Pluto's mean diameter. The chords also indicate a ring around Haumea's equatorial plane, where its largest ... More

A 2 km-size asteroid challenging the rubble-pile spin barrier - a case for cohesionDec 22 2015The rubble pile spin barrier is an upper limit on the rotation rate of asteroids larger than ~200-300 m. Among thousands of asteroids with diameters larger than ~300 m, only a handful of asteroids are known to rotate faster than 2.0 h, all are in the ... More

Distribution of shape elongations of main belt asteroids derived from Pan-STARRS1 photometrySep 17 2017Context. A lot of photometric data is produced by surveys such as Pan-STARRS, LONEOS, WISE or Catalina. These data are a rich source of information about the physical properties of asteroids. There are several possible approaches for utilizing these data. ... More

Properties of the irregular satellite system around Uranus inferred from K2, Herschel and Spitzer observationsJun 21 2017Aug 01 2017In this paper we present visible range light curves of the irregular Uranian satellites Sycorax, Caliban, Prospero, Ferdinand and Setebos taken with Kepler Space Telescope in the course of the K2 mission. Thermal emission measurements obtained with the ... More

"TNOs are Cool": A survey of the trans-Neptunian region X. Analysis of classical Kuiper belt objects from Herschel and Spitzer observationsMar 25 2014The classical Kuiper belt contains objects both from a low-inclination, presumably primordial, distribution and from a high-inclination dynamically excited population. Based on a sample of classical TNOs with observations at thermal wavelengths we determine ... More

TNOs are Cool: A Survey of the Transneptunian Region XI: A Herschel-PACS view of 16 CentaursSep 04 2013Mar 05 2014Centaurs are the transitional population between trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) and Jupiter-family comets. For this reason it is possible to access the smaller ones, which is more difficult to do with the TNO population. The goal of this work is to characterize ... More

A near-Sun Solar System Twilight Survey with LSSTDec 02 2018We propose a LSST Solar System near-Sun Survey, to be implemented during twilight hours, that extends the seasonal reach of LSST to its maximum as fresh sky is uncovered at about 50 square degrees per night (1500 sq. deg. per lunation) in the morning ... More

Simultaneous LSST and Euclid observations - advantages for Solar System ObjectsDec 03 2018The ESA Euclid mission is a space telescope that will survey ~15,000 square degrees of the sky, primarily to study the distant universe (constraining cosmological parameters through the lensing of galaxies). It is also expected to observe ~150,000 Solar ... More

Spitzer Observations of Interstellar Object 1I/`OumuamuaNov 20 20181I/`Oumuamua is the first confirmed interstellar body in our Solar System. Here we report on observations of `Oumuamua made with the Spitzer Space Telescope on 2017 November 21--22 (UT). We integrated for 30.2~hours at 4.5 micron (IRAC channel 2). We ... More

"TNOs are Cool": A Survey of the Transneptunian Region IV. Size/albedo characterization of 15 scattered disk and detached objects observed with Herschel Space Observatory-PACSFeb 07 2012Physical characterization of Trans-Neptunian objects, a primitive population of the outer solar system, may provide constraints on their formation and evolution. The goal of this work is to characterize a set of 15 scattered disk (SDOs) and detached objects, ... More

"TNOs are Cool": A survey of the trans-Neptunian region VI. Herschel/PACS observations and thermal modeling of 19 classical Kuiper belt objectsApr 03 2012Trans-Neptunian objects (TNO) represent the leftovers of the formation of the Solar System. Their physical properties provide constraints to the models of formation and evolution of the various dynamical classes of objects in the outer Solar System. Based ... More

The binary near-Earth asteroid (175706) 1996 FG3 - An observational constraint on its orbital evolutionJun 18 2014Sep 15 2014Using our photometric observations taken between 1996 and 2013 and other published data, we derived properties of the binary near-Earth asteroid (175706) 1996 FG3 including new measurements constraining evolution of the mutual orbit with potential consequences ... More

ExploreNEOs III: Physical characterization of 65 low-deltaV NEOsJan 25 2011Space missions to NEOs are being planned at all major space agencies, and recently a manned mission to an NEO was announced as a NASA goal. Efforts to find and select suitable targets (plus backup targets) are severely hampered by our lack of knowledge ... More

astroquery: An Astronomical Web-Querying Package in PythonJan 14 2019astroquery is a collection of tools for requesting data from databases hosted on remote servers with interfaces exposed on the internet, including those with web pages but without formal application program interfaces (APIs). These tools are built on ... More

TNOs are Cool: A survey of the trans-Neptunian region V. Physical characterization of 18 Plutinos using Herschel PACS observationsFeb 16 2012We present Herschel PACS photometry of 18 Plutinos and determine sizes and albedos for these objects using thermal modeling. We analyze our results for correlations, draw conclusions on the Plutino size distribution, and compare to earlier results. Flux ... More

TNOs are Cool: A survey of the trans-Neptunian region. VIII. Combined Herschel PACS and SPIRE observations of 9 bright targets at 70--500 micronMay 02 2013May 03 2013Transneptunian objects (TNOs) are bodies populating the Kuiper Belt and they are believed to retain the most pristine and least altered material of the solar system. The Herschel Open Time Key Program entitled "TNOs are Cool: A survey of the trans-Neptunian ... More

"TNOs are cool": A survey of the trans-neptunian region. II. The thermal lightcurve of (136108) HaumeaJun 01 2010Thermal emission from Kuiper Belt object (136108) Haumea was measured with Herschel-PACS at 100 and 160 micrometers for almost a full rotation period. Observations clearly indicate a 100-micrometer thermal lightcurve with an amplitude of a factor of ~ ... More

"TNOs are Cool": A survey of the trans-Neptunian region I. Results from the Herschel Science Demonstration Phase (SDP)May 17 2010The goal of the Herschel Open Time Key programme "TNOs are Cool!" is to derive the physical and thermal properties for a large sample of Centaurs and trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs), including resonant, classical, detached and scattered disk objects. We ... More

Deep Drilling Fields for Solar System ScienceDec 23 2018We propose an ecliptic Deep Drilling Field that will discover some 10,000~small and faint Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) --- primitive rocky/icy bodies that orbit at the outside of our Solar System and uniquely record the processes of planetary system formation ... More

Constraining the Shape Distribution of Near Earth Objects from Partial LightcurvesMar 07 2019In the absence of dense photometry for a large population of Near Earth Objects (NEOs), the best method of obtaining a shape distribution comes from sparse photometry and partial lightcurves. We have used 867 partial lightcurves obtained by Spitzer to ... More

The Science Case for an Extended Spitzer MissionOct 11 2017Although the final observations of the Spitzer Warm Mission are currently scheduled for March 2019, it can continue operations through the end of the decade with no loss of photometric precision. As we will show, there is a strong science case for extending ... More

AGILE detection of a rapid gamma-ray flare from the blazar PKS 1510-089 during the GASP-WEBT monitoringSep 18 2009We report the detection by the AGILE satellite of a rapid gamma-ray flare from the powerful gamma-ray quasar PKS 1510-089, during a pointing centered on the Galactic Center region from 1 March to 30 March 2008. This source has been continuosly monitored ... More

Enabling Deep All-Sky Searches of Outer Solar System ObjectsJan 24 2019A foundational goal of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) is to map the Solar System small body populations that provide key windows into understanding of its formation and evolution. This is especially true of the populations of the Outer Solar ... More

A Northern Ecliptic Survey for Solar System ScienceDec 04 2018Making an inventory of the Solar System is one of the four fundamental science requirements for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The current baseline footprint for LSST's main Wide-Fast-Deep (WFD) Survey observes the sky below 0$^\circ$ declination, ... More

"TNOs are Cool": A survey of the trans-Neptunian region -- VII. Size and surface characteristics of (90377) Sedna and 2010 EK139Apr 04 2012We present estimates of the basic physical properties (size and albedo) of (90377) Sedna, a prominent member of the detached trans-Neptunian object population and the recently discovered scattered disk object 2010 EK139, based on the recent observations ... More

The Discovery of Cometary Activity in Near-Earth Asteroid (3552) Don QuixoteDec 03 2013The near-Earth object (NEO) population, which mainly consists of fragments from collisions between asteroids in the main asteroid belt, is thought to include contributions from short-period comets as well. One of the most promising NEO candidates for ... More

Infrared Lightcurves of Near Earth ObjectsAug 23 2018We present lightcurves and derive periods and amplitudes for a subset of 38 near earth objects (NEOs) observed at 4.5 microns with the IRAC camera on the the Spitzer Space Telescope, many of them having no previously reported rotation periods. This subset ... More

Multiwavelength observations of a TeV-Flare from W ComaeOct 20 2009We report results from an intensive multiwavelength campaign on the intermediate-frequency-peaked BL Lacertae object W Com (z=0.102) during a strong outburst of very high energy gamma-ray emission in June 2008. The very high energy gamma-ray signal was ... More

A new signal for scalar top bound state productionOct 01 1993We study the production and decay of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst\ at hadron supercolliders, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll ... More

Lorentz Conserving Noncommutative Standard ModelMar 29 2007May 10 2007We consider Lorentz conserving noncommutative field theory to construct the Lorentz conserving noncommutative standard model based on the gauge group $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We obtain the enveloping algebra-valued of Higgs field up to the second ... More

Shelving and Probe Efficiency in Trapped Ion ExperimentsFeb 24 2014A generalized probe sequence typical of trapped ion experiments using shelving is studied. Detection efficiency is analyzed for finite shelved state lifetimes and using multi-modal count distributions. Multi-modal distributions are more appropriate for ... More

The Neutralino Relic Density in Minimal N=1 SupergravityJul 10 1992We compute the cosmic relic (dark matter) density of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) in the framework of minimal $N=1$ Supergravity models with radiative breaking of the electroweak gauge symmetry. To this end, we re--calculate the cross sections ... More

Quantization and $2π$ Periodicity of the Axion Action in Topological InsulatorsJun 17 2010Nov 10 2010The Lagrangian describing the bulk electromagnetic response of a three-dimensional strong topological insulator contains a topological `axion' term of the form '\theta E dot B'. It is often stated (without proof) that the corresponding action is quantized ... More

Production and Decay of Scalar Stoponium Bound StatesDec 02 1993In this paper we discuss possible signatures for the production of scalar \stst\ (stoponium) bound states \sigst\ at hadron colliders, where \st\ is the lighter scalar top eigenstate. We first study the decay of \sigst; explicit expressions are given ... More

Parton Model in Lorentz Invariant Non-Commutative SpaceMay 26 2004Aug 22 2004We consider the Lorentz invariant non-commutative QED and complete the Feynman rules for the theory up to the order $\theta^2$. In the Lorentz invariant version of the non-commutative QED the particles with fractional charges can be also considered. We ... More

Electromagnetic Response of Weyl SemimetalsMar 22 2013Jun 27 2013It has been suggested recently, based on subtle field-theoretical considerations, that the electromagnetic response of Weyl semimetals and the closely related Weyl insulators can be characterized by an axion term E.B with space and time dependent axion ... More

The Charm Quark Contribution to the Proton Structure FunctionOct 14 2006Dec 27 2006The charm quark structure function $F^c_2$ and the longitudinal structure function $F_l^p$ are directly sensitive to the gluon content of proton and therefore are crucial in understanding of proton structure function, in particular at low momentum transfer ... More

The decay of singlet scalar dark matter to unparticle and photonMay 06 2008We consider the unparticle physics introduced by Georgi and show that if the standard model is extended to include a singlet scalar as a dark matter candidate, there is a channel which leads to its decay to photon and unparticle. We calculate the decay ... More

Massive Neutrino in Non-commutative Space-timeDec 24 2007Apr 01 2008We consider the noncommutative standard model based on $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We study the gauge transformation of right handed neutrino and its direct interaction with photon in the noncommutative space-time. We show that the massive Dirac neutrinos, ... More

Infinite order excitonic Bloch equations for asymmetric nanostructuresJul 04 2003We present a new exciton-based formalism for calculating the coherent response of asymmetric semiconductor multiple quantum well structures to ultra-short optical pulses valid to infinite order in the optical field and including the self-generated intraband ... More

Scalar StoponiumAug 18 1993We study the decays of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll \mstt$, a pair of light scalar Higgs bosons ... More

On the effect of the thermal gas component to the stability of vortices in trapped Bose-Einstein condensatesMar 12 2002We study the stability of vortices in trapped single-component Bose-Einstein condensates within self-consistent mean-field theories--especially we consider the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov-Popov theory and its recently proposed gapless extensions. It is shown ... More

Neutralino-Nucleon Scattering RevisitedJul 01 1993We present a detailed discussion of the elastic scattering of a supersymmetric neutralino off a nucleon or nucleus, with emphasis on the spin--independent interaction. We carefully treat QCD effects on the squark exchange contribution. In particular, ... More

Quantum information processing: The case of vanishing interaction energyOct 27 2002We investigate the rate of operation of quantum "black boxes" ("oracles") and point out the possibility of performing an operation by a quantum "oracle" whose average energy equals zero. This counterintuitive result not only presents a generalization ... More

Self-Organized Topological State with Majorana FermionsJul 08 2013Nov 06 2013Topological phases, quite generally, are difficult to come by. They either occur under rather extreme conditions (e.g. the quantum Hall liquids, which require high sample purity, strong magnetic fields and low temperatures) or demand fine tuning of system ... More

Spin Response of Electrons on the Surface of a Topological InsulatorJan 11 2012The surface of a topological insulator hosts a very special form of a quasi-two dimensional metallic system when it is embedded in a topologically trivial medium like the vacuum. The electronic properties of this unusual 2D metal are distinct in many ... More

Photon Neutrino Scattering in Non-Commutative SpaceNov 04 2005Jan 19 2006We extend the non-commutative standard model based on the minimal $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$ gauge group to include the interaction of photon with neutrino. We show that, in the gauge invariant manner, only the right handed neutrino can directly couple ... More

Phase boundaries of a spin-3/2 Blume-Emery-Griffiths model on a honeycomb latticeOct 11 2013The spin-3/2 Blume-Emery-Griffiths model on a honeycomb lattice is studied by Monte Carlo simulations with the goal to determine phase diagrams for a range of the model parameters and to investigate the nature of the phase transitions between the respective ... More

Flares on A-type stars: Evidence for heating of solar corona by nanoflares?Aug 11 2016We analyzed the occurrence rates of flares on stars of spectral types K, G, F, and A, observed by Kepler. We found that the histogram of occurrence frequencies of stellar flares is systematically shifted towards a high-energy tail for A-type stars compared ... More

The Formation Rates of Population III Stars and Chemical Enrichment of Halos during the Reionization EraJan 06 2009[abridged] The First Stars in the Universe form out of pristine primordial gas clouds that have been radiatively cooled to a few hundreds of degrees Kelvin either via molecular or atomic (Lyman-Alpha) hydrogen lines. This primordial mode of star formation ... More

Symmetry Adaptation Techniques in n-Photon Absorption SpectroscopyOct 27 1998We present some recent progress achieved in the application of symmetry adaptation techniques to n-photon absorption spectroscopy of rare earth ions in finite symmetry. More specifically, this work is concerned with the determination of the intensity ... More

Two-Photon Spectroscopy of Transition-Metal Ions in Cubical SymmetryOct 26 1998Symmetry adaptation techniques are applied to the determination of intensities of intra-configurational two-photon transitions for transition-metal ions in cubical symmetry. This leads to a simple model giving the polarization dependence of intensities ... More

An Alternative Basis for the Wigner-Racah Algebra of the Group SU(2)Dec 17 1997The Lie algebra of the classical group SU(2) is constructed from two quon algebras for which the deformation parameter is a common root of unity. This construction leads to (i) a not very well-known polar decomposition of the ladder generators of the ... More

Enhanced Sampling in the Well-Tempered EnsembleOct 26 2009Apr 13 2010We introduce the well-tempered ensemble (WTE) which is the biased ensemble sampled by well-tempered metadynamics when the energy is used as collective variable. WTE can be designed so as to have approximately the same average energy as the canonical ensemble ... More

Berry's Phase Induced Bose-Einstein condensation into a Vortex StateNov 23 1998The existence of a geometric phase in magnetic traps can be used to Bose condense a magnetically trapped atomic gas into a vortex state. We propose an experimental setup where a magnetic trap together with a blue detuned laser beam form a multiply connected ... More

Superconducting state in Fe-based materials and spin-fluctuation theory of pairingOct 28 2015Short review of the spin-fluctuation theory of superconductive pairing in iron-based pnictides and chalcogenides.

QCD_{1+1} with Static Quarks as Supersymmetric Quantum MechanicsFeb 09 1998We reexamine the solvable model problem of two static, fundamental quarks interacting with a SU(2) Yang-Mills field on a spatial circle, introduced by Engelhardt and Schreiber. If the quarks are at the same point, the model exhibits a quantum mechanical ... More

Massive Binary Black Holes in the Cosmic LandscapeJun 23 2009Binary black holes occupy a special place in our quest for understanding the evolution of galaxies along cosmic history. If massive black holes grow at the center of (pre-)galactic structures that experience a sequence of merger episodes, then dual black ... More

Einstein and the mystery of eternity of lifeApr 08 2009While Special and General Relativity are well known by a very large number of people, Einstein's religious convinctions are almost ignored. The paper focuses on what was his view about immortality. Einstein believed in Spinoza's view of God and in cosmic ... More

Effect of inelastic scattering on parametric pumpingAug 03 2001Pumping of charge in phase-coherent mesoscopic systems due to the out-of-phase modulation of two parameters has recently found considerable interest. We investigate the effect of inelastic processes on the adiabatically pumped current through a two terminal ... More

Hidden quantum pump effects in quantum coherent ringsFeb 27 2003Time periodic perturbations of an electron system on a ring are examined. For small frequencies periodic small amplitude perturbations give rise to side band currents which in leading order are inversely proportional to the frequency. These side band ... More

Dynamic scattering channels of a double barrier structureApr 02 2008We calculate analytically the Floquet scattering matrix for a periodically driven double-barrier structure. Our approach takes into account dynamical effects which become necessarily important when electrons propagate through a system subject to a fast ... More

Dissipation and noise in adiabatic quantum pumpsJan 16 2002We investigate the distribution function, the heat flow and the noise properties of an adiabatic quantum pump for an arbitrary relation of pump frequency $\omega$ and temperature. To achieve this we start with the scattering matrix approach for ac-transport. ... More

Remarks on the high-energy behaviour of cross-sections in weak-scale string theoriesSep 20 2001We consider the high-energy behaviour of processes involving Kaluza-Klein (KK) gravitons of weak-scale string theories. We discuss how form-factors derived within string theory modify the couplings of KK gravitons and thereby lead to an exponential fall-off ... More

Metastability in Two Dimensions and the Effective PotentialApr 12 1993We study analytically and numerically the decay of a metastable phase in (2+1)-dimensional classical scalar field theory coupled to a heat bath, which is equivalent to two-dimensional Euclidean quantum field theory at zero temperature. By a numerical ... More

New analyticity constraints on the high energy behavior of hadron-hadron cross sectionsJan 25 2006Mar 16 2006We here comment on a series of recent papers by Igi and Ishida[K. Igi and M. Ishida, Phys. Lett B 622, 286 (2005)] and Block and Halzen[M. M. Block and F. Halzen, Phys. Rev D 72, 036006 (2005)] that fit high energy $pp$ and $\bar pp$ cross section and ... More

Factorization Theorems for High Energy nn, gamma p and gamma gamma ScatteringFeb 17 2003The robustness of the factorization theorem for total cross sections, $\sigma_{nn}/\sigma_{\gamma p}=\sigma_{\gamma p}/\sigma_{\gamma\gamma}$, originally proved by Block and Kaidalov\cite{bk} for $nn$ (the even portion of $pp$ and $\pbar p$ scattering), ... More

Visualising a FuseOct 27 2010Nov 09 2010In this brief article I describe an experiment to illustrate how a fuse works. I have used this as part of lessons for my year 11 classes to demonstrate how an electrical fuse 'blows' when too high a current passes through it.

General models of Einstein gravity with a non-Newtonian weak-field limitJan 08 2009We investigate Einstein theories of gravity, coupled to a scalar field \vphi and point-like matter, which are characterized by a scalar field-dependent matter coupling function e^{H(\vphi)}. We show that under mild constraints on the form of the potential ... More

Two Loop Electroweak Bosonic Corrections to the Muon Decay LifetimeNov 04 2002Nov 19 2002A review of the calculation of the two loop bosonic corrections to $\Delta r$ is presented. Factorization and matching onto the Fermi model are discussed. An approximate formula, describing the quantity over the interesting range of Higgs boson mass values ... More

Structure and stability of Al$_2$FeJul 01 2011We employ first principles total energy and phonon calculations to address the structure and stability of Al$_2$Fe. This structure, which is reported as stable in the assessed Al-Fe phase diagram, is distinguished by an unusually low triclinic symmetry. ... More

Stability of Fe-based alloys with structure type C6Cr23Jul 23 2004Bulk metallic glass forms when liquid metal alloys solidify without crystalization. In the search for Iron-based bulk glass-forming alloys of the metal-metalloid type (Fe-B- and Fe-C-based), crystals based on the structural prototype C6Cr23 often preempt ... More

Cohesive energies of Fe-based glass-forming alloysMay 13 2004We calculate the cohesive energies of Fe-based glass-forming alloys in the B-Fe-Y-Zr quaternary system. Our {\it ab-initio} calculations fully relax atomic positions and lattice parameters yielding enthalpies of mixing at T=0K. We examine both the known ... More

Efficiently Extracting Energy from Cosmological NeutrinosJul 02 2013Aug 20 2013Detecting the extremely low-energy neutrinos that form the Cosmic Neutrino Background (CNB) presents many experimental challenges, but pursuing this elusive goal is still worthwhile because these weakly-interacting particles could provide a new window ... More

Are the sungrazing comets the inner source of pickup ions and energetic neutral atoms?May 07 2004Feb 11 2005We present arguments that at least part of the inner source of pickup ions in the solar wind might be the material released by sungrazing comets. Based on a statistical analysis of sungrazing comets detected over almost eight years of LASCO operation ... More

Beyond the Kolmogorov Johnson Mehl Avrami kinetics: inclusion of the spatial correlationApr 16 2003The Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami model, which is a nucleation and growth poissonian process in space, has been implemented by taking into account spatial correlation among nuclei. This is achieved through a detailed study of a system of distinguishable ... More

On the stability operator for MOTS and the 'core' of Black HolesOct 13 2012Small deformations of marginally (outer) trapped surfaces are considered by using their stability operator. In the case of spherical symmetry, one can use these deformations on any marginally trapped round sphere to prove several interesting results. ... More

On the boundary of the region containing trapped surfacesDec 15 2008The boundary of the region in spacetime containing future-trapped closed surfaces is considered. In asymptotically flat spacetimes, this boundary does not need to be the event horizon nor a dynamical/trapping horizon. Some properties of this boundary ... More

The universal 'energy' operatorAug 12 2006Oct 05 2006The "positive square" of any tensor is presented in a universal and unified manner, valid in Lorentzian manifolds of arbitrary dimension, and independently of any (anti)-symmetry properties of the tensor. For rank-m tensors, the positive square has rank ... More

Trapped surfaces, horizons and exact solutions in higher dimensionsMar 30 2002May 18 2002A very simple criterion to ascertain if (D-2)-surfaces are trapped in arbitrary D-dimensional Lorentzian manifolds is given. The result is purely geometric, independent of the particular gravitational theory, of any field equations or of any other conditions. ... More

Applications of Super-Energy TensorsDec 13 1999In this contribution I intend to give a summary of the new relevant results obtained by using the general superenergy tensors. After a quick review of the definition and properties of these tensors, several of their mathematical and physical applications ... More

A New Type of Singularity TheoremDec 10 2007A new type of singularity theorem, based on spatial averages of physical quantities, is presented and discussed. Alternatively, the results inform us of when a spacetime can be singularity-free. This theorem provides a decisive observational difference ... More

Weyl Semimetal from the Honeycomb Array of Topological Insulator NanowiresNov 15 2012We show that isolated Weyl nodes can arise in a system of parallel topological insulator nano-wires arranged in a honeycomb fashion. This introduces another theoretical example of a topological semi-metal phase with more than one pair of Weyl nodes and ... More

Spin fluctuations of non-equilibrium electrons and excitons in semiconductorsNov 24 2015Effects related with deviations from thermodynamic equilibrium take a special place in the modern physics. Among those, non-equilibrium phenomena in quantum systems attract the highest interest. To date, the experimental technique of spin noise spectroscopy ... More

Spin noise of localized electrons: Interplay of hopping and hyperfine interactionMar 27 2015Apr 17 2015The theory of spin fluctuations is developed for an ensemble of localized electrons taking into account both hyperfine interaction of electron and nuclear spins and electron hopping between the sites. The analytical expression for the spin noise spectrum ... More

Effect of structure anisotropy on low temperature spin dynamics in quantum wellsFeb 07 2007Spin dynamics of two-dimensional electron gas confined in an asymmetrical quantum well is studied theoretically in the regime where the scattering frequency is comparable with the spin precession frequency due to the conduction band spin splitting. The ... More

Normal modes for metric fluctuations in a class of higher-dimensional backgroundsApr 01 1996Jan 13 1997We discuss a gauge invariant approach to the theory of cosmological perturbations in a higher-dimensonal background. We find the normal modes which diagonalize the perturbed action, for a scalar field minimally coupled to gravity, in a higher-dimensional ... More