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Adsorption induced pyramidal distortion of the tri-metallic nitride core inside the endohedral fullerene Sc$_3$N@C$_{80}$ on the Ag(111) surfaceMar 13 2019Our ability to understand and tailor metal-organic interfaces is mandatory to functionalize organic complexes for next generation electronic and spintronic devices. For magnetic data storage applications, metal-carrying organic molecules, so called single ... More

Structure and electronic properties of the ($\sqrt{3}\times \sqrt{3}$)$R30^{\circ}$ SnAu$_2$/Au(111) surface alloyMar 13 2019We have investigated the atomic and electronic structure of the ($\sqrt{3}\times \sqrt{3}$)$R30^{\circ}$ SnAu$_2$/Au(111) surface alloy. Low energy electron diffraction and scanning tunneling microscopy measurements show that the native herringbone reconstruction ... More

Phase covariant quantum cloningSep 15 1999We consider an N -> M quantum cloning transformation acting on pure two-level states lying on the equator of the Bloch sphere. An upper bound for its fidelity is presented, by establishing a connection between optimal phase covariant cloning and phase ... More

Spin- and time-resolved photoemission studies of thin Co2FeSi Heusler alloy filmsMay 31 2006We have studied the possibly half metallic Co2FeSi full Heusler alloy by means of spin- and time-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. For excitation, the second and fourth harmonic of femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers were used, with photon energies of 3.1 ... More

Towards a full Heusler alloy showing room temperature half-metallicity at the surfaceSep 20 2006In this article we investigate the surface spin polarization in a 100 nm Co2Cr0.6Fe0.4Al (CCFA) film grown ex situ epitaxially on MgO(100) with a 10 nm Fe buffer layer by means of spin resolved photoemission. We show that a careful in situ preparation ... More

Photoemission Electron Microscopy as a tool for the investigation of optical near fieldsMay 25 2005Photoemission electron microscopy was used to image the electrons photoemitted from specially tailored Ag nanoparticles deposited on a Si substrate (with its native oxide SiO$_{x}$). Photoemission was induced by illumination with a Hg UV-lamp (photon ... More

Driving Force of Ultrafast Magnetization DynamicsAug 25 2011Irradiating a ferromagnetic material with an ultrashort laser pulse leads to demagnetization on a femtosecond timescale. We implement Elliott-Yafet type spin-flip scattering, mediated by electron-electron and electron-phonon collisions, into the framework ... More

Epitaxial film growth and magnetic properties of Co_2FeSiJun 26 2006Sep 07 2006We have grown thin films of the Heusler compound Co_2FeSi by RF magnetron sputtering. On (100)-oriented MgO substrates we find fully epitaxial (100)-oriented and L2_1 ordered growth. On Al_2O_3 (11-20) substrates, the film growth is (110)-oriented, and ... More

Controlling singlet-triplet ratio in OLEDs by spin polarised currentsDec 02 2016Molecular spintronics has successfully crossed its first decade of life becoming an important player in the race towards the fabrication of next generation spintronic devices. The development and fabrication of spin OLEDs represents one of the key challenges ... More

Spin-flip processes and ultrafast magnetization dynamics in Co - unifying the microscopic and macroscopic view of femtosecond magnetismMay 10 2006Oct 03 2006The femtosecond magnetization dynamics of a thin cobalt film excited with ultrashort laser pulses has been studied using two complementary pump-probe techniques, namely spin-, energy- and time-resolved photoemission and time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr ... More

All-optical control of ferromagnetic thin films and nanostructuresMar 04 2014The interplay of light and magnetism has been a topic of interest since the original observations of Faraday and Kerr where magnetic materials affect the light polarization. While these effects have historically been exploited to use light as a probe ... More

Structural, chemical and electronic properties of the Co2MnSi(001)/MgO interfaceSep 24 2012The performance of advanced magnetic tunnel junctions build of ferromagnetic (FM) electrodes and MgO as insulating barrier depends decisively on the properties of the FM/insulator interface. Here, we investigate interface formation between the half-metallic ... More

Direct determination of the surface termination in full Heusler alloys by means of low energy electron diffractionOct 26 2009Dec 18 2009The performance of Heusler based magnetoresistive multilayer devices depends crucially on the spin polarization and thus on the structural details of the involved surfaces. Using low energy electron diffraction (LEED), one can non-destructively distinguish ... More

Ultrafast demagnetization of ferromagnetic transition metals: The role of the Coulomb interactionJun 28 2009The Elliott-Yafet mechanism is arguably the most promising candidate to explain the ultrafast demagnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic transition metals on timescales on the order of 100 femtoseconds. So far, only electron-phonon scattering has been ... More

Surface spin polarization of the non-stoichiometric Heusler compound Co2Mn(alpha)SiOct 25 2011Oct 28 2011Using a combined approach of spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, band structure and photoemission calculations we investigate the influence of bulk defects and surface states on the spin polarization of Co2Mn(alpha)Si thin films with bulk L21 order. ... More

Topological States on the Gold SurfaceApr 08 2015Gold surfaces host special electronic states that have been understood as a prototype of Shockley surface states (SSs). These SSs are commonly employed to benchmark the capability of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and scanning tunneling ... More

Light localisation and magneto-optic enhancement in Ni anti-dot arraysJul 20 2015Dec 27 2015The excitation of surface plasmons in magnetic nano-structures can strongly influence their magneto-optical properties. Here, we use photoemission electron microscopy to map the spatial distribution of the electric near-field on a nano-patterned magnetic ... More

Light-induced magnetization reversal of high-anisotropy TbCo alloy filmsJun 29 2012Magnetization reversal using circularly polarized light provides a new way to control magnetization without any external magnetic field and has the potential to revolutionize magnetic data storage. However, in order to reach ultra-high density data storage, ... More

Revealing the spin and symmetry properties of the buried Co2MnSi/MgO interface by low energy spin-resolved photoemissionSep 19 2012We present a novel approach to study the spin and symmetry electronic properties of buried interfaces using low-energy spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We show that this method is sensitive to interfaces buried below more than 20ML (~4nm) MgO, ... More

A new signal for scalar top bound state productionOct 01 1993We study the production and decay of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst\ at hadron supercolliders, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll ... More

Lorentz Conserving Noncommutative Standard ModelMar 29 2007May 10 2007We consider Lorentz conserving noncommutative field theory to construct the Lorentz conserving noncommutative standard model based on the gauge group $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We obtain the enveloping algebra-valued of Higgs field up to the second ... More

Shelving and Probe Efficiency in Trapped Ion ExperimentsFeb 24 2014A generalized probe sequence typical of trapped ion experiments using shelving is studied. Detection efficiency is analyzed for finite shelved state lifetimes and using multi-modal count distributions. Multi-modal distributions are more appropriate for ... More

The Neutralino Relic Density in Minimal N=1 SupergravityJul 10 1992We compute the cosmic relic (dark matter) density of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) in the framework of minimal $N=1$ Supergravity models with radiative breaking of the electroweak gauge symmetry. To this end, we re--calculate the cross sections ... More

Quantization and $2π$ Periodicity of the Axion Action in Topological InsulatorsJun 17 2010Nov 10 2010The Lagrangian describing the bulk electromagnetic response of a three-dimensional strong topological insulator contains a topological `axion' term of the form '\theta E dot B'. It is often stated (without proof) that the corresponding action is quantized ... More

Neutralino-Nucleon Scattering RevisitedJul 01 1993We present a detailed discussion of the elastic scattering of a supersymmetric neutralino off a nucleon or nucleus, with emphasis on the spin--independent interaction. We carefully treat QCD effects on the squark exchange contribution. In particular, ... More

Quantum information processing: The case of vanishing interaction energyOct 27 2002We investigate the rate of operation of quantum "black boxes" ("oracles") and point out the possibility of performing an operation by a quantum "oracle" whose average energy equals zero. This counterintuitive result not only presents a generalization ... More

Self-Organized Topological State with Majorana FermionsJul 08 2013Nov 06 2013Topological phases, quite generally, are difficult to come by. They either occur under rather extreme conditions (e.g. the quantum Hall liquids, which require high sample purity, strong magnetic fields and low temperatures) or demand fine tuning of system ... More

Spin Response of Electrons on the Surface of a Topological InsulatorJan 11 2012The surface of a topological insulator hosts a very special form of a quasi-two dimensional metallic system when it is embedded in a topologically trivial medium like the vacuum. The electronic properties of this unusual 2D metal are distinct in many ... More

Massive Neutrino in Non-commutative Space-timeDec 24 2007Apr 01 2008We consider the noncommutative standard model based on $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)$. We study the gauge transformation of right handed neutrino and its direct interaction with photon in the noncommutative space-time. We show that the massive Dirac neutrinos, ... More

Infinite order excitonic Bloch equations for asymmetric nanostructuresJul 04 2003We present a new exciton-based formalism for calculating the coherent response of asymmetric semiconductor multiple quantum well structures to ultra-short optical pulses valid to infinite order in the optical field and including the self-generated intraband ... More

Scalar StoponiumAug 18 1993We study the decays of a scalar \stst\ bound state \sigst, where \st\ is the lighter stop eigenstate. If \st\ has no tree--level 2--body decays, the dominant decay modes of \sigst\ are $gg$ or, if $m_h < \mst \ll \mstt$, a pair of light scalar Higgs bosons ... More

Phase boundaries of a spin-3/2 Blume-Emery-Griffiths model on a honeycomb latticeOct 11 2013The spin-3/2 Blume-Emery-Griffiths model on a honeycomb lattice is studied by Monte Carlo simulations with the goal to determine phase diagrams for a range of the model parameters and to investigate the nature of the phase transitions between the respective ... More

Flares on A-type stars: Evidence for heating of solar corona by nanoflares?Aug 11 2016We analyzed the occurrence rates of flares on stars of spectral types K, G, F, and A, observed by Kepler. We found that the histogram of occurrence frequencies of stellar flares is systematically shifted towards a high-energy tail for A-type stars compared ... More

The Formation Rates of Population III Stars and Chemical Enrichment of Halos during the Reionization EraJan 06 2009[abridged] The First Stars in the Universe form out of pristine primordial gas clouds that have been radiatively cooled to a few hundreds of degrees Kelvin either via molecular or atomic (Lyman-Alpha) hydrogen lines. This primordial mode of star formation ... More

Symmetry Adaptation Techniques in n-Photon Absorption SpectroscopyOct 27 1998We present some recent progress achieved in the application of symmetry adaptation techniques to n-photon absorption spectroscopy of rare earth ions in finite symmetry. More specifically, this work is concerned with the determination of the intensity ... More

Two-Photon Spectroscopy of Transition-Metal Ions in Cubical SymmetryOct 26 1998Symmetry adaptation techniques are applied to the determination of intensities of intra-configurational two-photon transitions for transition-metal ions in cubical symmetry. This leads to a simple model giving the polarization dependence of intensities ... More

An Alternative Basis for the Wigner-Racah Algebra of the Group SU(2)Dec 17 1997The Lie algebra of the classical group SU(2) is constructed from two quon algebras for which the deformation parameter is a common root of unity. This construction leads to (i) a not very well-known polar decomposition of the ladder generators of the ... More

Enhanced Sampling in the Well-Tempered EnsembleOct 26 2009Apr 13 2010We introduce the well-tempered ensemble (WTE) which is the biased ensemble sampled by well-tempered metadynamics when the energy is used as collective variable. WTE can be designed so as to have approximately the same average energy as the canonical ensemble ... More

Berry's Phase Induced Bose-Einstein condensation into a Vortex StateNov 23 1998The existence of a geometric phase in magnetic traps can be used to Bose condense a magnetically trapped atomic gas into a vortex state. We propose an experimental setup where a magnetic trap together with a blue detuned laser beam form a multiply connected ... More

Superconducting state in Fe-based materials and spin-fluctuation theory of pairingOct 28 2015Short review of the spin-fluctuation theory of superconductive pairing in iron-based pnictides and chalcogenides.

QCD_{1+1} with Static Quarks as Supersymmetric Quantum MechanicsFeb 09 1998We reexamine the solvable model problem of two static, fundamental quarks interacting with a SU(2) Yang-Mills field on a spatial circle, introduced by Engelhardt and Schreiber. If the quarks are at the same point, the model exhibits a quantum mechanical ... More

Massive Binary Black Holes in the Cosmic LandscapeJun 23 2009Binary black holes occupy a special place in our quest for understanding the evolution of galaxies along cosmic history. If massive black holes grow at the center of (pre-)galactic structures that experience a sequence of merger episodes, then dual black ... More

Einstein and the mystery of eternity of lifeApr 08 2009While Special and General Relativity are well known by a very large number of people, Einstein's religious convinctions are almost ignored. The paper focuses on what was his view about immortality. Einstein believed in Spinoza's view of God and in cosmic ... More

Effect of inelastic scattering on parametric pumpingAug 03 2001Pumping of charge in phase-coherent mesoscopic systems due to the out-of-phase modulation of two parameters has recently found considerable interest. We investigate the effect of inelastic processes on the adiabatically pumped current through a two terminal ... More

Hidden quantum pump effects in quantum coherent ringsFeb 27 2003Time periodic perturbations of an electron system on a ring are examined. For small frequencies periodic small amplitude perturbations give rise to side band currents which in leading order are inversely proportional to the frequency. These side band ... More

Dynamic scattering channels of a double barrier structureApr 02 2008We calculate analytically the Floquet scattering matrix for a periodically driven double-barrier structure. Our approach takes into account dynamical effects which become necessarily important when electrons propagate through a system subject to a fast ... More

Dissipation and noise in adiabatic quantum pumpsJan 16 2002We investigate the distribution function, the heat flow and the noise properties of an adiabatic quantum pump for an arbitrary relation of pump frequency $\omega$ and temperature. To achieve this we start with the scattering matrix approach for ac-transport. ... More

Remarks on the high-energy behaviour of cross-sections in weak-scale string theoriesSep 20 2001We consider the high-energy behaviour of processes involving Kaluza-Klein (KK) gravitons of weak-scale string theories. We discuss how form-factors derived within string theory modify the couplings of KK gravitons and thereby lead to an exponential fall-off ... More

Metastability in Two Dimensions and the Effective PotentialApr 12 1993We study analytically and numerically the decay of a metastable phase in (2+1)-dimensional classical scalar field theory coupled to a heat bath, which is equivalent to two-dimensional Euclidean quantum field theory at zero temperature. By a numerical ... More

New analyticity constraints on the high energy behavior of hadron-hadron cross sectionsJan 25 2006Mar 16 2006We here comment on a series of recent papers by Igi and Ishida[K. Igi and M. Ishida, Phys. Lett B 622, 286 (2005)] and Block and Halzen[M. M. Block and F. Halzen, Phys. Rev D 72, 036006 (2005)] that fit high energy $pp$ and $\bar pp$ cross section and ... More

Factorization Theorems for High Energy nn, gamma p and gamma gamma ScatteringFeb 17 2003The robustness of the factorization theorem for total cross sections, $\sigma_{nn}/\sigma_{\gamma p}=\sigma_{\gamma p}/\sigma_{\gamma\gamma}$, originally proved by Block and Kaidalov\cite{bk} for $nn$ (the even portion of $pp$ and $\pbar p$ scattering), ... More

Visualising a FuseOct 27 2010Nov 09 2010In this brief article I describe an experiment to illustrate how a fuse works. I have used this as part of lessons for my year 11 classes to demonstrate how an electrical fuse 'blows' when too high a current passes through it.

General models of Einstein gravity with a non-Newtonian weak-field limitJan 08 2009We investigate Einstein theories of gravity, coupled to a scalar field \vphi and point-like matter, which are characterized by a scalar field-dependent matter coupling function e^{H(\vphi)}. We show that under mild constraints on the form of the potential ... More

Two Loop Electroweak Bosonic Corrections to the Muon Decay LifetimeNov 04 2002Nov 19 2002A review of the calculation of the two loop bosonic corrections to $\Delta r$ is presented. Factorization and matching onto the Fermi model are discussed. An approximate formula, describing the quantity over the interesting range of Higgs boson mass values ... More

Structure and stability of Al$_2$FeJul 01 2011We employ first principles total energy and phonon calculations to address the structure and stability of Al$_2$Fe. This structure, which is reported as stable in the assessed Al-Fe phase diagram, is distinguished by an unusually low triclinic symmetry. ... More

Stability of Fe-based alloys with structure type C6Cr23Jul 23 2004Bulk metallic glass forms when liquid metal alloys solidify without crystalization. In the search for Iron-based bulk glass-forming alloys of the metal-metalloid type (Fe-B- and Fe-C-based), crystals based on the structural prototype C6Cr23 often preempt ... More

Cohesive energies of Fe-based glass-forming alloysMay 13 2004We calculate the cohesive energies of Fe-based glass-forming alloys in the B-Fe-Y-Zr quaternary system. Our {\it ab-initio} calculations fully relax atomic positions and lattice parameters yielding enthalpies of mixing at T=0K. We examine both the known ... More

Efficiently Extracting Energy from Cosmological NeutrinosJul 02 2013Aug 20 2013Detecting the extremely low-energy neutrinos that form the Cosmic Neutrino Background (CNB) presents many experimental challenges, but pursuing this elusive goal is still worthwhile because these weakly-interacting particles could provide a new window ... More

Are the sungrazing comets the inner source of pickup ions and energetic neutral atoms?May 07 2004Feb 11 2005We present arguments that at least part of the inner source of pickup ions in the solar wind might be the material released by sungrazing comets. Based on a statistical analysis of sungrazing comets detected over almost eight years of LASCO operation ... More

Beyond the Kolmogorov Johnson Mehl Avrami kinetics: inclusion of the spatial correlationApr 16 2003The Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami model, which is a nucleation and growth poissonian process in space, has been implemented by taking into account spatial correlation among nuclei. This is achieved through a detailed study of a system of distinguishable ... More

On the stability operator for MOTS and the 'core' of Black HolesOct 13 2012Small deformations of marginally (outer) trapped surfaces are considered by using their stability operator. In the case of spherical symmetry, one can use these deformations on any marginally trapped round sphere to prove several interesting results. ... More

On the boundary of the region containing trapped surfacesDec 15 2008The boundary of the region in spacetime containing future-trapped closed surfaces is considered. In asymptotically flat spacetimes, this boundary does not need to be the event horizon nor a dynamical/trapping horizon. Some properties of this boundary ... More

The universal 'energy' operatorAug 12 2006Oct 05 2006The "positive square" of any tensor is presented in a universal and unified manner, valid in Lorentzian manifolds of arbitrary dimension, and independently of any (anti)-symmetry properties of the tensor. For rank-m tensors, the positive square has rank ... More

Trapped surfaces, horizons and exact solutions in higher dimensionsMar 30 2002May 18 2002A very simple criterion to ascertain if (D-2)-surfaces are trapped in arbitrary D-dimensional Lorentzian manifolds is given. The result is purely geometric, independent of the particular gravitational theory, of any field equations or of any other conditions. ... More

Applications of Super-Energy TensorsDec 13 1999In this contribution I intend to give a summary of the new relevant results obtained by using the general superenergy tensors. After a quick review of the definition and properties of these tensors, several of their mathematical and physical applications ... More

A New Type of Singularity TheoremDec 10 2007A new type of singularity theorem, based on spatial averages of physical quantities, is presented and discussed. Alternatively, the results inform us of when a spacetime can be singularity-free. This theorem provides a decisive observational difference ... More

Weyl Semimetal from the Honeycomb Array of Topological Insulator NanowiresNov 15 2012We show that isolated Weyl nodes can arise in a system of parallel topological insulator nano-wires arranged in a honeycomb fashion. This introduces another theoretical example of a topological semi-metal phase with more than one pair of Weyl nodes and ... More

Spin fluctuations of non-equilibrium electrons and excitons in semiconductorsNov 24 2015Effects related with deviations from thermodynamic equilibrium take a special place in the modern physics. Among those, non-equilibrium phenomena in quantum systems attract the highest interest. To date, the experimental technique of spin noise spectroscopy ... More

Spin noise of localized electrons: Interplay of hopping and hyperfine interactionMar 27 2015Apr 17 2015The theory of spin fluctuations is developed for an ensemble of localized electrons taking into account both hyperfine interaction of electron and nuclear spins and electron hopping between the sites. The analytical expression for the spin noise spectrum ... More

Effect of structure anisotropy on low temperature spin dynamics in quantum wellsFeb 07 2007Spin dynamics of two-dimensional electron gas confined in an asymmetrical quantum well is studied theoretically in the regime where the scattering frequency is comparable with the spin precession frequency due to the conduction band spin splitting. The ... More

Normal modes for metric fluctuations in a class of higher-dimensional backgroundsApr 01 1996Jan 13 1997We discuss a gauge invariant approach to the theory of cosmological perturbations in a higher-dimensonal background. We find the normal modes which diagonalize the perturbed action, for a scalar field minimally coupled to gravity, in a higher-dimensional ... More

Quantum Squeezing and Cosmological Entropy ProductionJul 20 1993The entropy growth in a cosmological process of pair production is completely determined by the associated squeezing parameter, and is insensitive to the number of particles in the initial state. The total produced entropy may represent a significant ... More

Entropy Production in the Cosmological Amplification of the Vacuum FluctuationsJan 12 1993We estimate the entropy associated to a background of squeezed cosmic gravitons, and we argue that the process of cosmological pair production from the vacuum may explain the large amount of entropy of our present universe.

The breathing-mode giant monopole resonance and the surface compressibility in the relativistic mean-field theoryNov 17 2008The breathing-mode isoscalar giant monopole resonance (GMR) is investigated using the generator coordinate method within the relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory. Employing the Lagrangian models of the nonlinear-$\sigma$ model (NL$\sigma$), the scalar-vector ... More

Scalar-vector Lagrangian without nonlinear self-interactions of bosonic fields in the relativistic mean-field theoryMay 05 2008Jul 03 2008A new Lagrangian model without nonlinear scalar self-interactions in the relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory is proposed. Introducing terms for scalar-vector interactions (SVI), we have developed a RMF Lagrangian model for finite nuclei and nuclear matter. ... More

Compressibility of Nuclear Matter from Shell Effects in NucleiApr 13 1999The compressibility of nuclear matter has received significant attention in the last decade and a variety of approaches have been employed to extract this fundamental property of matter. Recently, significant differences have emerged between the results ... More

ON THE LOW-TEMPERATURE ORDERING OF THE 3D ATIFERROMAGNETIC THREE-STATE POTTS MODELApr 24 1995The antiferromagnetic three-state Potts model on the simple-cubic lattice is studied using Monte Carlo simulations. The ordering in a medium temperature range below the critical point is investigated in detail. Two different regimes have been observed: ... More

CRITICAL EXPONENTS OF THE 3D ANTIFERROMAGNETIC THREE-STATE POTTS MODEL USING THE COHERENT-ANOMALY METHODFeb 22 1995Feb 25 1995The antiferromagnetic three-state Potts model on the simple-cubic lattice is studied using the coherent-anomaly method (CAM). The CAM analysis provides the estimates for the critical exponents which indicate the XY universality class, namely $\alpha=-0.011 ... More

Modelling sublimation and atomic layer epitaxy in the presence of competing surface reconstructionsOct 09 2000Dec 01 2000We present a solid-on-solid model of a binary AB compound, where atoms of type A in the topmost layer interact via anisotropic interactions different from those inside the bulk. Depending on temperature and particle flux, this model displays surface reconstructions ... More

Quantum Estimation by Local ObservablesJan 30 2004Jul 20 2004Quantum estimation theory provides optimal observations for various estimation problems for unknown parameters in the state of the system under investigation. However, the theory has been developed under the assumption that every observable is available ... More

Impossibility of distant indirect measurement of the quantum Zeno effectOct 14 2003Aug 03 2004We critically study the possibility of quantum Zeno effect for indirect measurements. If the detector is prepared to detect the emitted signal from the core system, and the detector does not reflect the signal back to the core system, then we can prove ... More

The interplay between radio galaxies and cluster environmentMay 04 2007By combining the REFLEX and NORAS cluster datasets with the NVSS radio catalogue, we obtain a sample of 145, z<0.3, X-ray selected clusters brighter than 3 10^(-12) erg/s/cm^2 that show a central radio emission above 3 mJy. For virial masses M_vir<~10^(14.5) ... More

Towards the Scale Invariant CosmologyNov 29 2005An argument is made to show that the singularity in the General Theory of Relativity (GTR) is the expression of a non-Machian feature. It can be avoided with a scale-invariant dynamical theory, a property lacking in GTR. It is further argued that the ... More

Effects of the $U_A(1)$ Anomaly on $η\to 2 γ$ DecayJun 07 1995We study the $\eta \to 2 \gamma$ decay using an extended three-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model that includes the 't~Hooft instanton induced interaction. The $\eta$ meson mass and the $\eta \to 2 \gamma$ decay width are reproduced simultaneously with a ... More

Microscopic entropy of the most general four-dimensional BPS black holeAug 25 2000Sep 18 2000In a recent paper we have given the macroscopic and microscopic description of the generating solution of toroidally compactified string theory BPS black holes. In this note we compute its corresponding microscopic entropy. Since by definition the generating ... More

Precision tests via radiative $μ$ and $τ$ leptonic decaysFeb 01 2016The branching fractions of radiative leptonic $\tau$ decays $(\tau \to l \nu \bar{\nu} \gamma$, $l=e,\mu)$ were recently measured by the Babar collaboration with a relative error of about 3%. The measurement of the branching ratio $\mathcal{B} (\tau \to ... More

Metallicity Dependence of the Cepheid CalibrationJul 21 1997We point out that the absolute magnitude of the Galactic Cepheids, which have been used for local calibrations for Cepheid period-luminosity relation, shows an unexpectedly large metal abundance effect. This indicates that either Cepheids period luminosity ... More

Primordial Magnetic Fields, Right Electrons, and the Abelian AnomalyFeb 28 1997Jul 17 1997In the standard model there are charges with abelian anomaly only (e.g. right-handed electron number) which are effectively conserved in the early universe until some time shortly before the electroweak scale. A state at finite chemical potential of such ... More

Boundary Conditions, Energies and Gravitational Heat in General Relativity (a Classical Analysis)Feb 18 2004May 25 2004The variation of the energy for a gravitational system is directly defined from the Hamiltonian field equations of General Relativity. When the variation of the energy is written in a covariant form it splits into two (covariant) contributions: one of ... More

II. Non-commuting Matrix Solution of DGLAP; $F_2 {p,d}$ Data Leading to Partons Directly without ParameterizationAug 24 2011Sep 11 2013Dominant present path for determination of quarks and gluon distribution functions from data is based on pre-assumed form of parameters. Here, an alternative direct, or non-parametric method is spelled out. As the main task, least square estimates of ... More

Diophantine approximation, Khintchine's theorem, torus geometry and Hausdorff dimensionOct 23 2007A general form of the Borel-Cantelli Lemma and its connection with the proof of Khintchine's Theorem on Diophantine approximation and the more general Khintchine-Groshev theorem are discussed. The torus geometry in the planar case allows a relatively ... More

Lepton Flavour Mixing Matrix and CP Violation from Neutrino Oscillation ExperimentsJul 09 2001The measurement of the charged-current 8B solar neutrino reaction on deuterium at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory confirms the neutrino oscillation hypothesis for the solar neutrino problem, and the result favours the solution with large neutrino mixing ... More

AX-GADGET: a new code for cosmological simulations of Fuzzy Dark Matter and Axion modelsJan 24 2018We present a new module of the parallel N-Body code P-GADGET3 for cosmological simulations of light bosonic non-thermal dark matter, often referred as Fuzzy Dark Matter (FDM). The dynamics of the FDM features a highly non-linear Quantum Potential (QP) ... More

Recursion operator for the IGSG equationMay 05 2006In this paper we find the inverse and direct recursion operator for the intrinsic generalized sine-Gordon equation in any number $n > 2$ of independent variables. Among the flows generated by the direct operator we identify a higher-dimensional analogue ... More

Energy Conditions in $f(R,T,R_{μν}T^{μν})$ GravityJun 13 2013Jun 24 2013We discuss the validity of the energy conditions in a newly modified theory named as $f(R,T,R_{\mu\nu}T^{\mu\nu})$ gravity, where $R$ and $T$ represent the scalar curvature and trace of the energy-momentum tensor. The corresponding energy conditions are ... More

Effects of Electromagnetic Field on the Dynamical Instability of Cylindrical CollapseMar 16 2012The objective of this paper is to discuss the dynamical instability in the context of Newtonian and post Newtonian regimes. For this purpose, we consider non-viscous heat conducting charged isotropic fluid as a collapsing matter with cylindrical symmetry. ... More

Non-commutative and commutative integrability of generic Toda flows in simple Lie algebrasApr 17 1997In this paper we prove the complete integrability of Toda flows on generic coadjoint orbits in simple Lie algebras.

On the uniqueness of a Gorenstein model of a del Pezzo fibration over ${\mathbb P}^1$Dec 03 1999Feb 29 2000It is withdrawn because of errors.

Describing Hot and Dense Nuclear Matter with Gauged Linear sigma-ModelAug 27 1998To describe nuclear matter at high temperature and high baryon density appropriate for RHIC and LHC, an effective theory is proposed. Three developments underlie the effective theory: (1) relativistic mean field theory description of nuclear matter with ... More

Trapped submanifolds in Lorentzian geometryDec 13 2004Jun 16 2005The concept of closed trapped surface is of paramount importance in General Relativity and other gravitational theories. However, it is a purely geometrical object. With the aim of bringing this concept to closer attention by the mathematical community, ... More