Results for "L. Baudis"

total 104454took 0.20s
Detecting the Milky Way's Dark DiskApr 17 2008Jun 18 2009In LambdaCDM, massive satellites are dragged into the disk-plane by dynamical friction where they dissolve into a stellar thick disk and a more massive dark matter disk. The distinctive kinematics of the dark disk matches the stars that also entered in ... More
Detection of low energy solar neutrinos with HPGermaniumJun 30 1999The potential of the GENIUS proposal to measure the spectrum of low energy solar neutrinos in real time is studied. The detection reaction is elastic neutrino-electron scattering. The energy resolution for detecting the recoil electrons is about 0.3 %, ... More
Signatures of the Milky Way's Dark Disk in Current and Future ExperimentsNov 25 2008Nov 26 2008In hierarchical structure formation models of disk galaxies, a dark matter disk forms as massive satellites are preferentially dragged into the disk-plane where they dissolve. Here, we quantify the importance of this dark disk for direct and indirect ... More
Direct Detection of Cold Dark MatterNov 25 2007We know from cosmological and astrophysical observations that more than 80% of the matter density in the Universe is non-luminous, or dark. This non-baryonic dark matter could be composed of neutral, heavy particles, which were non-relativistic, or 'cold', ... More
Dark Matter SearchesNov 29 2005More than 90% of matter in the Universe could be composed of heavy particles, which were non-relativistic, or 'cold', when they froze-out from the primordial soup. I will review current searches for these hypothetical particles, both via interactions ... More
The XENON10 WIMP Search Experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground LaboratoryMar 08 2007XENON10 is a new direct dark matter detection experiment using liquid xenon as target for weakly interacting, massive particles (WIMPs). A two-phase (liquid/gas) time projection chamber with 15 kg fiducial mass has been installed in a low-background shield ... More
Underground Searches for Cold Relics of the Early UniverseMar 24 2005We have strong evidence on all cosmic scales, from galaxies to the largest structures ever observed, that there is more matter in the universe than we can see. Galaxies and clusters would fly apart unless they would be held together by material which ... More
Dark matter searchesSep 02 2015One of the major challenges of modern physics is to decipher the nature of dark matter. Astrophysical observations provide ample evidence for the existence of an invisible and dominant mass component in the observable universe, from the scales of galaxies ... More
DARWIN: dark matter WIMP search with noble liquidsDec 21 2010DARWIN (DARk matter WImp search with Noble liquids) is an R&D and design study towards the realization of a multi-ton scale dark matter search facility in Europe, based on the liquid argon and liquid xenon time projection chamber techniques. Approved ... More
Direct dark matter detection: the next decadeNov 30 2012Direct dark matter searches are promising techniques to identify the nature of dark matter particles. I describe the future of this field of research, focussing on the question of what can be achieved in the next decade. I will present the main techniques ... More
WIMP Dark Matter Direct-Detection Searches in Noble GasesAug 19 2014Cosmological observations and the dynamics of the Milky Way provide ample evidence for an invisible and dominant mass component. This so-called dark matter could be made of new, colour and charge neutral particles, which were non-relativistic when they ... More
CDMS, Supersymmetry and Extra DimensionsSep 07 2006The CDMS experiment aims to directly detect massive, cold dark matter particles originating from the Milky Way halo. Charge and lattice excitations are detected after a particle scatters in a Ge or Si crystal kept at ~30 mK, allowing to separate nuclear ... More
The Search for Dark MatterJan 24 2018The dark matter problem is almost a century old. Since the 1930s evidence has been growing that our cosmos is dominated by a new form of non-baryonic matter, that holds galaxies and clusters together and influences cosmic structures up to the largest ... More
The GENIUS Project - Background and technical studiesNov 11 1998The potential of GENIUS as a dark matter detector is discussed. A study was performed to demonstrate the good behaviour of the proposed detector design of naked HPGe-crystals in liquid nitrogen. The expected background components were simulated and are ... More
First Results from the Heidelberg Dark Matter Search ExperimentAug 22 2000The Heidelberg Dark Matter Search Experiment (HDMS) is a new ionization Germanium experiment in a special design. Two concentric Ge crystals are housed by one cryostat system, the outer detector acting as an effective shield against multiple scattered ... More
Status of the HDMS experiment, the GENIUS project and the GENIUS-TFMar 08 2001The status of dark matter search in Heidelberg is reviewed. After one year of running the HDMS prototype experiment in the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory, the inner crystal of the detector has been replaced with a HPGe crystal of enriched 73Ge. The ... More
High-purity germanium detector ionization pulse shapes of nuclear recoils, gamma interactions and microphonismJan 19 1999Nuclear recoil measurements with high-purity Germanium detectors are very promising to directly detect dark matter candidates. The main background sources in such experiments are natural radioactivity and microphonic noise. Digital pulse shape analysis ... More
Signatures of Dark Matter Scattering Inelastically Off NucleiSep 03 2013Nov 08 2013Direct dark matter detection focuses on elastic scattering of dark matter particles off nuclei. In this study, we explore inelastic scattering where the nucleus is excited to a low-lying state of 10-100 keV, with subsequent prompt de-excitation. We calculate ... More
Measurements of the position-dependent photo-detection sensitivity of the Hamamatsu R11410 and R8520 photomultiplier tubesSep 14 2015May 23 2016The Hamamatsu R11410 and R8520 photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) are designed for applications in dark matter detectors using liquid xenon, featuring excellent sensitivity to VUV light and stable operability at cryogenic temperatures. For eleven R11410 and ... More
Neutrino physics with multi-ton scale liquid xenon detectorsSep 26 2013Feb 07 2014We study the sensitivity of large-scale xenon detectors to low-energy solar neutrinos, to coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering and to neutrinoless double beta decay. As a concrete example, we consider the xenon part of the proposed DARWIN (Dark Matter ... More
GENIUS-TF: a test facility for the GENIUS projectDec 07 2000GENIUS is a proposal for a large scale detector of rare events. As a first step of the experiment, a small test version, the GENIUS test facility, will be build up at the Laboratorio Nazionale del Gran Sasso (LNGS). With about 40 kg of natural Ge detectors ... More
Background and Technical Studies for GENIUS as a Dark Matter ExperimentNov 24 1998The GENIUS project is a proposal for a new dark matter detector, with an increased sensitivity of three orders of magnitude relative to existing direct dark matter detection experiments. We performed a technical study and calculated the main background ... More
GENIUS - a Supersensitive Germanium Detector System for Rare EventsOct 01 1999Jun 29 2000To increase by a major step the present sensitivity for dark matter and double beta decay search, a new project is suggested, which would operate 'naked' GErmanium detectors in liquid NItrogen as shielding in an Underground Setup (GENIUS). In a first ... More
Performance of the Hamamatsu R11410 Photomultiplier Tube in cryogenic Xenon EnvironmentsMar 01 2013Apr 25 2013The Hamamatsu R11410 photomultiplier, a tube of 3" diameter and with a very low intrinsic radioactivity, is an interesting light sensor candidate for future experiments using liquid xenon (LXe) as target for direct dark matter searches. We have performed ... More
Recent Results from the HDMS ExperimentMar 07 2001The status of dark matter search with the HDMS experiment is reviewed. After one year of running the HDMS prototype detector in the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory, the inner crystal of the detector has been replaced with a HPGe crystal of enriched ... More
Direct Dark Matter Searches with CDMS and XENONNov 03 2006Nov 09 2006The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) and XENON experiments aim to directly detect dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) via their elastic scattering on the target nuclei. The experiments use different techniques to ... More
Hot and Cold Dark Matter Search with GENIUSMay 30 2000GENIUS is a proposal for a large volume detector to search for rare events. An array of 40-400 'naked' HPGe detectors will be operated in a tank filled with ultra-pure liquid nitrogen. After a description of performed technical studies of detector operation ... More
The scintillation and ionization yield of liquid xenon for nuclear recoilsJul 03 2008Dec 31 2008XENON10 is an experiment designed to directly detect particle dark matter. It is a dual phase (liquid/gas) xenon time-projection chamber with 3D position imaging. Particle interactions generate a primary scintillation signal (S1) and ionization signal ... More
Limits on spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon cross-sections from the XENON10 experimentMay 19 2008Sep 10 2008XENON10 is an experiment to directly detect weakly interacting massive particle (WIMPs), which may comprise the bulk of the non-baryonic dark matter in our Universe. We report new results for spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon interactions with 129-Xe and 131-Xe ... More
Material screening and selection for XENON100Mar 30 2011Jun 22 2011Results of the extensive radioactivity screening campaign to identify materials for the construction of XENON100 are reported. This Dark Matter search experiment is operated underground at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS), Italy. Several ultra ... More
Study of the electromagnetic background in the XENON100 experimentJan 20 2011Feb 21 2013The XENON100 experiment, located at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS), aims to directly detect dark matter in the form of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) via their elastic scattering off xenon nuclei. We present a comprehensive ... More
First Dark Matter Results from the XENON100 ExperimentMay 03 2010Mar 01 2011The XENON100 experiment, in operation at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy, is designed to search for dark matter WIMPs scattering off 62 kg of liquid xenon in an ultra-low background dual-phase time projection chamber. In this letter, ... More
New Measurement of the Relative Scintillation Efficiency of Xenon Nuclear Recoils Below 10 keVOct 01 2008May 16 2010Liquid xenon is an important detection medium in direct dark matter experiments, which search for low-energy nuclear recoils produced by the elastic scattering of WIMPs with quarks. The two existing measurements of the relative scintillation efficiency ... More
A Dual-phase Xenon TPC for Scintillation and Ionisation Yield Measurements in Liquid XenonDec 22 2017A small-scale, two-phase (liquid/gas) xenon time projection chamber (Xurich II) was designed, constructed and is under operation at the University of Zurich. Its main purpose is to investigate the microphysics of particle interactions in liquid xenon ... More
Qualification Tests of the R11410-21 Photomultiplier Tubes for the XENON1T DetectorSep 06 2016The Hamamatsu R11410-21 photomultiplier tube is the photodetector of choice for the XENON1T dual-phase time projection chamber. The device has been optimized for a very low intrinsic radioactivity, a high quantum efficiency and a high sensitivity to single ... More
Qualification Tests of the R11410-21 Photomultiplier Tubes for the XENON1T DetectorSep 06 2016Feb 09 2017The Hamamatsu R11410-21 photomultiplier tube is the photodetector of choice for the XENON1T dual-phase time projection chamber. The device has been optimized for a very low intrinsic radioactivity, a high quantum efficiency and a high sensitivity to single ... More
Gator: a low-background counting facility at the Gran Sasso Underground LaboratoryMar 10 2011Jan 10 2012A low-background germanium spectrometer has been installed and is being operated in an ultra-low background shield (the Gator facility) at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory in Italy (LNGS). With an integrated rate of ~0.16 events/min in the energy ... More
Spatially uniform calibration of a liquid xenon detector at low energies using 83m-KrAug 05 2009May 16 2010A difficult task with many particle detectors focusing on interactions below ~100 keV is to perform a calibration in the appropriate energy range that adequately probes all regions of the detector. Because detector response can vary greatly in various ... More
Production and characterization of a custom-made 228Th source with reduced neutron source strength for the Borexino experimentOct 06 2011A custom-made 228Th source of several MBq activity was produced for the Borexino experiment for studying the external background of the detector. The aim was to reduce the unwanted neutron emission produced via (alpha,n) reactions in ceramics used typically ... More
The XENON Dark Matter Search ExperimentJul 28 2004The XENON experiment aims at the direct detection of dark matter in the form of WIMPs (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles) via their elastic scattering off Xe nuclei. A fiducial mass of 1000 kg, distributed in ten independent liquid xenon time projection ... More
Direct Detection of Nonbaryonic Dark MatterMar 29 2000Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are leading candidates for the dominant part of the mass density of the Universe. Here we will review direct WIMP detection techniques by giving examples of currently running experiments, and present the status ... More
Joint Learning of Sentence Embeddings for Relevance and EntailmentMay 16 2016Jun 22 2016We consider the problem of Recognizing Textual Entailment within an Information Retrieval context, where we must simultaneously determine the relevancy as well as degree of entailment for individual pieces of evidence to determine a yes/no answer to a ... More
GENIUS: the first real-time detector for solar pp-neutrinos?Mar 29 2000The GENIUS project is a proposal for a large supersensitive Germanium detector system for WIMP and double beta decay searches with a much increased sensitivity relative to existing and other future experiments. In this paper, the possibility to detect ... More
DARWIN: dark matter WIMP search with noble liquidsJan 11 2012DARWIN (dark matter wimp search with noble liquids) is a design study for a next-generation, multi-ton dark matter detector in Europe. Liquid argon and/or liquid xenon are the target media for the direct detection of dark matter candidates in the form ... More
Production and Characterization of 228Th Calibration Sources with Low Neutron Emission for GERDAAug 24 2015The GERDA experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) searches for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 76-Ge. In view of the GERDA Phase II data collection, four new 228-Th radioactive sources for the calibration of the germanium detectors ... More
arrayMap: A Reference Resource for Genomic Copy Number Imbalances in Human MalignanciesJan 11 2012Background: The delineation of genomic copy number abnormalities (CNAs) from cancer samples has been instrumental for identification of tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes and proven useful for clinical marker detection. An increasing number of projects ... More
Direct Detection Constraints on Superheavy Dark MatterJan 11 2003Jan 26 2004The dark matter in the Universe might be composed of superheavy particles (mass >~ 10^10 GeV). These particles can be detected via nuclear recoils produced in elastic scatterings from nuclei. We estimate the observable rate of strongly interacting supermassive ... More
Results from the XENON100 Dark Matter Search ExperimentMar 07 2012XENON100 is a liquid xenon time projection chamber built to search for rare collisions of hypothetical, weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), which are candidates for the dark matter in our universe, with xenon atoms. Operated in a low-background ... More
New limits on dark--matter WIMPs from the Heidelberg--Moscow experimentNov 27 1998New results after 0.69 kg yr of measurement with an enriched 76Ge detector of the Heidelberg--Moscow experiment with an active mass of 2.758 kg are presented. An energy threshold of 9 keV and a background level of 0.042 counts/(kg d keV) in the energy ... More
Limits on the release of Rb isotopes from a zeolite based 83mKr calibration source for the XENON projectSep 20 2011Oct 06 2011The isomer 83mKr with its half-life of 1.83 h is an ideal calibration source for a liquid noble gas dark matter experiment like the XENON project. However, the risk of contamination of the detector with traces of the much longer lived mother isotop 83Rb ... More
No correlation between Solar flares and the decay rate of several $β$-decaying isotopesJun 08 2018Oct 23 2018We report on finding no correlation between the two strongest observed Solar flares in September 2017 and the decay rates of $^{60}$Co, $^{44}$Ti and $^{137}$Cs sources, which are continuously measured by two independent NaI(Tl) detector setups. We test ... More
Characterization of the QUartz Photon Intensifying Detector (QUPID) for Noble Liquid DetectorsMar 18 2011Jul 15 2011Dark Matter and Double Beta Decay experiments require extremely low radioactivity within the detector materials. For this purpose, the University of California, Los Angeles and Hamamatsu Photonics have developed the QUartz Photon Intensifying Detector ... More
Latest Results from the Heidelberg-Moscow Double Beta Decay ExperimentMar 06 2001New results for the double beta decay of 76Ge are presented. They are extracted from Data obtained with the HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW, which operates five enriched 76Ge detectors in an extreme low-level environment in the GRAN SASSO. The two neutrino accompanied ... More
Limits on the Majorana neutrino mass in the 0.1 eV rangeFeb 10 1999The Heidelberg-Moscow experiment gives the most stringent limit on the Majorana neutrino mass. After 24 kg yr of data with pulse shape measurements, we set a lower limit on the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge of T_1/2 > 5.7 * 10^{25} ... More
Production, characterization and operation of $^{76}$Ge enriched BEGe detectors in GERDAOct 03 2014The GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory (LNGS) searches for the neutrinoless double beta decay (0{\nu}{\beta}{\beta}) of $^{76}$Ge. Germanium detectors made of material with an enriched $^{76}$Ge fraction act simultaneously ... More
Pulse shape discrimination for GERDA Phase I dataJul 09 2013The GERDA experiment located at the LNGS searches for neutrinoless double beta (0\nu\beta\beta) decay of ^{76}Ge using germanium diodes as source and detector. In Phase I of the experiment eight semi-coaxial and five BEGe type detectors have been deployed. ... More
Dark Matter Results from 225 Live Days of XENON100 DataJul 25 2012Mar 20 2013We report on a search for particle dark matter with the XENON100 experiment, operated at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) for 13 months during 2011 and 2012. XENON100 features an ultra-low electromagnetic background of (5.3 \pm 0.6) \times ... More
Conceptual design and simulation of a water Cherenkov muon veto for the XENON1T experimentJun 09 2014Feb 25 2015XENON is a dark matter direct detection project, consisting of a time projection chamber (TPC) filled with liquid xenon as detection medium. The construction of the next generation detector, XENON1T, is presently taking place at the Laboratori Nazionali ... More
Limits on spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon cross sections from 225 live days of XENON100 dataJan 28 2013Jan 29 2013We present new experimental constraints on the elastic, spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon cross section using recent data from the XENON100 experiment, operated in the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. An analysis of 224.6 live days x 34 kg of exposure ... More
Comment on "On the subtleties of searching for dark matter with liquid xenon detectors"Aug 28 2012In a recent manuscript (arXiv:1208.5046) Peter Sorensen claims that XENON100's upper limits on spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross sections for WIMP masses below 10 GeV "may be understated by one order of magnitude or more". Having performed a similar, ... More
Cosmogenic activation of xenon and copperJul 14 2015Sep 07 2015Rare event search experiments using liquid xenon as target and detection medium require ultra-low background levels to fully exploit their physics potential. Cosmic ray induced activation of the detector components and, even more importantly, of the xenon ... More
Status and Sensitivity Projections for the XENON100 Dark Matter ExperimentFeb 24 2009The XENON experimental program aims to detect cold dark matter particles via their elastic collisions with xenon nuclei in two-phase time projection chambers (TPCs). We are currently testing a new TPC at the 100 kg scale, XENON100. This new, ultra-low ... More
Monte Carlo Studies and Optimization for the Calibration System of the GERDA ExperimentMar 26 2013Aug 12 2013The GERmanium Detector Array, GERDA, searches for neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76 using bare high-purity germanium detectors submerged in liquid argon. For the calibration of these detectors gamma emitting sources have to be lowered from their ... More
Dark matter sensitivity of multi-ton liquid xenon detectorsJun 27 2015Sep 03 2015We study the sensitivity of multi ton-scale time projection chambers using a liquid xenon target, e.g., the proposed DARWIN instrument, to spin-independent and spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon scattering interactions. Taking into account realistic backgrounds ... More
Characterisation of Silicon Photomultipliers for Liquid Xenon DetectorsAug 21 2018Oct 21 2018Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPMs) are considered as a solid-state sensor alternative to photomultiplier tubes in experiments using liquid xenon (LXe) as a radiation detection medium. The main requirements are single-photon detection of the vacuum ultraviolet ... More
Signal Yields of keV Electronic Recoils and Their Discrimination from Nuclear Recoils in Liquid XenonSep 28 2017Feb 01 2018We report on the response of liquid xenon to low energy electronic recoils below 15 keV from beta decays of tritium at drift fields of 92 V/cm, 154 V/cm and 366 V/cm using the XENON100 detector. A data-to-simulation fitting method based on Markov Chain ... More
Search for WIMP Inelastic Scattering off Xenon Nuclei with XENON100May 01 2017We present the first constraints on the spin-dependent, inelastic scattering cross section of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) on nucleons from XENON100 data with an exposure of 7.64$\times$10$^3$\,kg\,day. XENON100 is a dual-phase xenon time ... More
Physics reach of the XENON1T dark matter experimentDec 23 2015Apr 15 2016The XENON1T experiment is currently in the commissioning phase at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. In this article we study the experiment's expected sensitivity to the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon interaction cross section, based on Monte ... More
Isotopically modified Ge detectors for {\sc Gerda}: from production to operationMar 27 2013The \textsc{Gerda} experiment searches for the neutrinoless double beta ($0\nu\beta$beta$) decay of $^{76}$Ge using high-purity germanium detectors made of material enriched in $^{76}$Ge. For Phase II of the experiment a sensitivity for the half life ... More
Intrinsic backgrounds from Rn and Kr in the XENON100 experimentAug 11 2017Mar 03 2018In this paper, we describe the XENON100 data analyses used to assess the target-intrinsic background sources radon ($^{222}$Rn), thoron ($^{220}$Rn) and krypton ($^{85}$Kr). We detail the event selections of high-energy alpha particles and decay-specific ... More
Effective field theory search for high-energy nuclear recoils using the XENON100 dark matter detectorMay 07 2017We report on WIMP search results in the XENON100 detector using a non-relativistic effective field theory approach. The data from science run II (34 kg $\times$ 224.6 live days) was re-analyzed, with an increased recoil energy interval compared to previous ... More
A Precision Experiment to Investigate Long-Lived Radioactive DecaysApr 08 2018Radioactivity is understood to be described by a Poisson process, yet some measurements of nuclear decays appear to exhibit unexpected variations. Generally, the isotopes reporting these variations have long half lives, which are plagued by large measurement ... More
3D Position Sensitive XeTPC for Dark Matter SearchSep 26 2006The technique to realize 3D position sensitivity in a two-phase xenon time projection chamber (XeTPC) for dark matter search is described. Results from a prototype detector (XENON3) are presented.
Enhancement of Light Yield and Stability of Radio-Pure Tetraphenyl-Butadiene Based Coatings for VUV Light Detection in Cryogenic EnvironmentsMar 18 2015Jun 19 2015The detection of VUV scintillation light, e.g. in (liquid) argon detectors, commonly includes a reflector with a fluorescent coating, converting UV photons to visible light. The light yield of these detectors depends directly on the conversion efficiency. ... More
Kaluza-Klein Dark Matter: Direct Detection vis-a-vis LHC (IDM 2008 proceeding)Nov 26 2008We explore the phenomenology of Kaluza-Klein (KK) dark matter in very general models with universal extra dimensions (UEDs), emphasizing the complementarity between high-energy colliders and dark matter direct detection experiments. In models with relatively ... More
A search for light dark matter in XENON10 dataApr 15 2011May 07 2013We report results of a search for light (<10 GeV) particle dark matter with the XENON10 detector. The event trigger was sensitive to a single electron, with the analysis threshold of 5 electrons corresponding to 1.4 keV nuclear recoil energy. Considering ... More
Lowering the low-energy threshold of xenon detectorsNov 30 2010We show that the energy threshold for nuclear recoils in the XENON10 dark matter search data can be lowered to ~1 keV, by using only the ionization signal. In other words, we make no requirement that a valid event contain a primary scintillation signal. ... More
Dark Matter Disc Enhanced Neutrino Fluxes from the Sun and EarthFeb 23 2009Apr 21 2009As disc galaxies form in a hierarchical cosmology, massive merging satellites are preferentially dragged towards the disc plane. The material accreted from these satellites forms a dark matter disc that contributes 0.25 - 1.5 times the non-rotating halo ... More
Kaluza-Klein Dark Matter: Direct Detection vis-a-vis LHCMay 28 2008We explore the phenomenology of Kaluza-Klein (KK) dark matter in very general models with universal extra dimensions (UEDs), emphasizing the complementarity between high-energy colliders and dark matter direct detection experiments. In models with relatively ... More
First Results from the XENON10 Dark Matter Experiment at the Gran Sasso National LaboratoryMay 31 2007Dec 03 2007The XENON10 experiment at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory uses a 15 kg xenon dual phase time projection chamber (XeTPC) to search for dark matter weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). The detector measures simultaneously the scintillation and ... More
Design and Performance of the XENON10 Dark Matter ExperimentJan 16 2010XENON10 is the first two-phase xenon time projection chamber (TPC) developed within the XENON dark matter search program. The TPC, with an active liquid xenon (LXe) mass of about 14 kg, was installed at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory (LNGS) in ... More
Constraints on inelastic dark matter from XENON10Oct 19 2009Nov 30 2010It has been suggested that dark matter particles which scatter inelastically from detector target nuclei could explain the apparent incompatibility of the DAMA modulation signal (interpreted as evidence for particle dark matter) with the null results ... More
Complementarity of Dark Matter Direct Detection TargetsDec 15 2010Jun 20 2011We investigate the reconstruction capabilities of Dark Matter mass and spin-independent cross-section from future ton-scale direct detection experiments using germanium, xenon or argon as targets. Adopting realistic values for the exposure, energy threshold ... More
Kaluza-Klein Dark Matter: Direct Detection vis-a-vis LHC (2013 update)Jul 24 2013Aug 27 2013We present updated results on the complementarity between high-energy colliders and dark matter direct detection experiments in the context of Universal Extra Dimensions (UED). In models with relatively small mass splittings between the dark matter candidate ... More
Progenetix: 12 years of oncogenomic data curationNov 12 2013DNA copy number aberrations (CNAs) can be found in the majority of cancer genomes, and are crucial for understanding the potential mechanisms underlying tumor initiation and progression. Since the first release in 2001, the Progenetix project ( ... More
Dark Matter in the Coming Decade: Complementary Paths to Discovery and BeyondOct 31 2013In this Report we discuss the four complementary searches for the identity of dark matter: direct detection experiments that look for dark matter interacting in the lab, indirect detection experiments that connect lab signals to dark matter in our own ... More
Beyond the CDMS-II Dark Matter Search: SuperCDMSMar 28 2005Presently the CDMS-II collaboration's Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) search at the Soudan Underground Laboratory sets the most stringent exclusion limits of any WIMP cold dark matter direct-detection experiment. To extend our reach further, ... More
The Large Enriched Germanium Experiment for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (LEGEND)Sep 06 2017The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay (0${\nu}{\beta}{\beta}$) would show that lepton number is violated, reveal that neutrinos are Majorana particles, and provide information on neutrino mass. A discovery-capable experiment covering the inverted ... More
The XENON100 Dark Matter ExperimentJul 11 2011Feb 08 2012The XENON100 dark matter experiment uses liquid xenon (LXe) in a time projection chamber (TPC) to search for Xe nuclear recoils resulting from the scattering of dark matter Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs). In this paper we present a detailed ... More
Likelihood Approach to the First Dark Matter Results from XENON100Mar 01 2011Sep 07 2011Many experiments that aim at the direct detection of Dark Matter are able to distinguish a dominant background from the expected feeble signals, based on some measured discrimination parameter. We develop a statistical model for such experiments using ... More
Response of liquid xenon to Compton electrons down to 1.5 keVMar 27 2013Jun 12 2013The response of liquid xenon to low-energy electronic recoils is relevant in the search for dark-matter candidates which interact predominantly with atomic electrons in the medium, such as axions or axion-like particles, as opposed to weakly interacting ... More
Results from a Low-Energy Analysis of the CDMS II Germanium DataNov 10 2010Apr 21 2011We report results from a reanalysis of data from the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS II) experiment at the Soudan Underground Laboratory. Data taken between October 2006 and September 2008 using eight germanium detectors are reanalyzed with a lowered, ... More
Analysis of the low-energy electron-recoil spectrum of the CDMS experimentJul 09 2009We report on the analysis of the low-energy electron-recoil spectrum from the CDMS II experiment using data with an exposure of 443.2 kg-days. The analysis provides details on the observed counting rate and possible background sources in the energy range ... More
Search for inelastic dark matter with the CDMS II experimentDec 22 2010Jun 12 2011Results are presented from a reanalysis of the entire five-tower data set acquired with the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS II) experiment at the Soudan Underground Laboratory, with an exposure of 969 kg-days. The analysis window was extended to a ... More
Low-threshold analysis of CDMS shallow-site dataOct 20 2010Jan 03 2011Data taken during the final shallow-site run of the first tower of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS II) detectors have been reanalyzed with improved sensitivity to small energy depositions. Four ~224 g germanium and two ~105 g silicon detectors ... More
Minimal surfaces bounded by elastic linesAug 02 2011May 30 2012In mathematics, the classical Plateau problem consists of finding the surface of least area that spans a given rigid boundary curve. A physical realization of the problem is obtained by dipping a stiff wire frame of some given shape in soapy water and ... More
Solution of a Yang-Baxter systemNov 04 1998Nov 05 1998Yang-Baxter system related to quantum doubles is introduced and large class of both continuous and discrete symmetries of the solution manifold are determined. Strategy for solution of the system based on the symmetries is suggested and accomplished in ... More
Does the complex Langevin method give unbiased results?Nov 19 2016We investigate whether the stationary solution of the Fokker-Planck equation of the complex Langevin algorithm reproduces the correct expectation values. When the complex Langevin algorithm for an action $S(x)$ is convergent, it produces an equivalent ... More
Comment on "Quantum back-reaction through the Bohmian particle"Feb 17 2003In this Comment I point out some limitations of the proposal of Prezhdo and Brooksby for coupling quantum and classical degrees of freedom (Phys.Rev.Lett.86(2001)3215) if it is pushed too far.
Generalized heat kernel coefficientsJul 16 2001Sep 26 2001Following Osipov and Hiller, a generalized heat kernel expansion is considered for the effective action of bosonic operators. In this generalization, the standard heat kernel expansion, which counts inverse powers of a c-number mass parameter, is extended ... More