total 3500took 0.17s

Reevaluating of the feasibility of ground-based earth-mass microlensing planet detectionsMar 05 2014One important strength of the microlensing method in detecting extrasolar planets is its high sensitivity to low-mass planets. However, it is often believed that microlensing detections of Earth-mass planets from ground-based observation would be difficult ... More

Measurement of Source Star Colors with the K2C9-CFHT Multi-color Microlensing SurveyMar 25 2018K2 Campaign 9 (K2C9) was the first space-based microlensing parallax survey capable of measuring microlensing parallaxes of free-floating planet candidate microlensing events. Simultaneous to K2C9 observations we conducted the K2C9 Canada-France-Hawaii ... More

Positive feedback in coordination games: stochastic evolutionary dynamics and the logit choice ruleJan 17 2017Feb 15 2018We show that under the logit dynamics, positive feedback among agents (also called bandwagon property) induces evolutionary paths along which agents repeat the same actions consecutively so as to minimize the payoff loss incurred by the feedback effects. ... More

Simple Characterizations of Potential Games and Zero-sum GamesFeb 14 2016We provide several tests to determine whether a game is a potential game or whether it is a zero-sum equivalent game---a game which is strategically equivalent to a zero-sum game in the same way that a potential game is strategically equivalent to a common ... More

Characterization of Stellar Spots in Next-Generation Microlensing SurveysDec 03 2009One of the important microlensing applications to stellar atmospheres is the study of spots on stellar surface provided by the high resolution of caustic-crossing binary-lens events. In this paper, we investigate the characteristics of spot-induced perturbations ... More

The Importance of Binary Gravitational Microlensing Events Through High-Magnification ChannelNov 30 2009We estimate the detection efficiency of binary gravitational lensing events through the channel of high-magnification events. From this estimation, we find that binaries in the separations ranges of 0.1 < s < 10, 0.2 < s < 5, and 0.3 < s < 3 can be detected ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-1107: A New Hollywood-Planet Close/Wide DegeneracyMay 22 2018Nov 13 2018We show that microlensing event KMT-2016-BLG-1107 displays a new type of degeneracy between wide-binary and close-binary Hollywood events in which a giant-star source envelops the planetary caustic. The planetary anomaly takes the form of a smooth, two-day ... More

Kmt-2016-blg-1397b: Kmtnet-only discovery of a microlens giant planetOct 25 2018We report the discovery of a giant planet in the KMT-2016-BLG-1397 microlensing event, which was found by The Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) alone. The time scale of this event is t_E = 40.0 +- 0.5 days and the mass ratio between the lens ... More

KMT-2018-BLG-1990Lb: A Nearby Jovian Planet From A Low-Cadence Microlensing FieldMay 14 2019We report the discovery and characterization of KMT-2018-BLG-1990Lb, a Jovian planet $(m_p=0.57_{-0.25}^{+0.79}\,M_J)$ orbiting a late M dwarf $(M=0.14_{-0.06}^{+0.20}\,M_\odot)$, at a distance $(D_L=1.23_{-0.43}^{+1.06}\,\kpc)$, and projected at $2.6\pm ... More

Deterministic Equations for Stochastic Spatial Evolutionary GamesJul 05 2010Spatial evolutionary games model individuals who are distributed in a spatial domain and update their strategies upon playing a normal form game with their neighbors. We derive integro-differential equations as deterministic approximations of the microscopic ... More

The Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) Alert Algorithm and Alert SystemJun 20 2018We describe a new microlensing-event alert algorithm that is tailored to the Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet) multi-observatory system. The algorithm focuses on detecting "rising" events, i.e., events whose brightness is increasing as a function ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-1820 and KMT-2016-BLG-2142: Two Microlensing Binaries Composed of Planetary-mass Companions and Very-Low-Mass PrimariesMay 25 2018Sep 18 2018We present the analyses of two short-timescale $(t_{\rm E} \sim 5~{\rm days})$ microlensing events, KMT-2016-BLG-1820 and KMT-2016-BLG-2142. In both light curves, the brief anomalies were clearly captured and densely covered by the Korea Microlensing ... More

Origin of New Broad Raman D and G Peaks in Annealed GrapheneOct 30 2013Since graphene, a single sheet of graphite, has all of its carbon atoms on the surface, its property is very sensitive to materials contacting the surface. Herein, we report novel Raman peaks ob-served in annealed graphene and elucidate their chemical ... More

On adiabatic evolution for a general time-dependent quantum systemJan 18 2011The unitary operator corresponding to the classical canonical transformation that connects a general closed system to an open system under adiabatic conditions is found. The quantum invariant operator of the adiabatic open system is derived from the unitary ... More

Probing the messenger of supersymmetry breaking by the muon anomalous magnetic momentMar 05 2001Mar 19 2001Motivated by the recently measured muon's anomalous magnetic moment $a_{\mu}$, we examine the supersymmetry contribution to $a_{\mu}$ in various mediation models of supersymmetry breaking which lead to predictive flavor conserving soft parameters at high ... More

False Positive Reduction by Actively Mining Negative Samples for Pulmonary Nodule Detection in Chest RadiographsJul 26 2018Generating large quantities of quality labeled data in medical imaging is very time consuming and expensive. The performance of supervised algorithms for various tasks on imaging has improved drastically over the years, however the availability of data ... More

KMT-2016-BLG-2052L: Microlensing Binary Composed of M Dwarfs Revealed from a Very Long Time-scale EventJul 30 2018We present the analysis of a binary microlensing event KMT-2016-BLG-2052, for which the lensing-induced brightening of the source star lasted for 2 seasons. We determine the lens mass from the combined measurements of the microlens parallax $\pie$ and ... More

KMT-2017-BLG-0165Lb: A Super-Neptune mass planet Orbiting a Sun-like Host StarSep 05 2018Dec 27 2018We report the discovery of a low mass-ratio planet $(q = 1.3\times10^{-4})$, i.e., 2.5 times higher than the Neptune/Sun ratio. The planetary system was discovered from the analysis of the KMT-2017-BLG-0165 microlensing event, which has an obvious short-term ... More

KMT-2018-BLG-1292: A Super-Jovian Microlens Planet in the Galactic PlaneMay 13 2019We report the discovery of KMT-2018-BLG-1292Lb, a super-Jovian $M_{\rm planet} = 4.5\pm 1.3\,M_J$ planet orbiting an F or G dwarf $M_{\rm host} = 1.5\pm 0.4\,M_\odot$, which lies physically within ${\cal O}(10\,\pc)$ of the Galactic plane. The source ... More

KMT-2018-BLG-0029Lb: A Very Low Mass-Ratio Spitzer Microlens PlanetJun 26 2019At $q=1.81\pm 0.20 \times 10^{-5}$, KMT-2018-BLG-0029Lb has the lowest planet-host mass ratio $q$ of any microlensing planet to date by more than a factor of two. Hence, it is the first planet that probes below the apparent "pile-up" at $q=5$--10 $\times ... More

Correlations Between Planetary Microlensing ParametersSep 02 2010Characterization of microlensing planets requires modeling of observed light curves including many parameters. Studying the dependency of the pattern of light curves on the lensing parameters and the correlations between the parameters is important to ... More

Improved Absolute Frequency Measurement of the 171Yb Optical Lattice Clock at KRISS Relative to the SI SecondJan 17 2017Jan 18 2017We measured the absolute frequency of the $^1S_0$ - $^3P_0$ transition of $^{171}$Yb atoms confined in a one-dimensional optical lattice relative to the SI second. The determined frequency was 518 295 836 590 863.38(57) Hz. The uncertainty was reduced ... More

Dynamic nuclear polarisation of liquids at one microtesla using circularly polarised RF with application to millimetre resolution MRIJun 25 2019Magnetic resonance imaging in ultra-low fields is often limited by mediocre signal-to-noise ratio hindering a higher resolution. Overhauser dynamic nuclear polarisation (O-DNP) using nitroxide radicals has been an efficient solution for enhancing the ... More

OGLE-2018-BLG-0532Lb: Cold Neptune With Possible Jovian SiblingMay 15 2019We report the discovery of the planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0532Lb, with very obvious signatures in the light curve that lead to an estimate of the planet-host mass ratio $q=M_{\rm planet}/M_{\rm host}\simeq 1\times10^{-4}$. Although there are no obvious systematic ... More

MOA-2016-BLG-319Lb: Microlensing Planet Subject to Rare Minor-Image Perturbation Degeneracy in Determining Planet ParameterSep 21 2018We present the analysis of the planetary microlensing event MOA-2016-BLG-319. The event light curve is characterized by a brief ($\sim 3$ days) anomaly near the peak produced by minor-image perturbations. From modeling, we find two distinct solutions ... More

Designed Three-Dimensional Freestanding Single-Crystal Carbon ArchitecturesDec 01 2014Single-crystal carbon nanomaterials have led to great advances in nanotechnology. The first single-crystal carbon nanomaterial, fullerene, was fabricated in a zero-dimensional form. One-dimensional carbon nanotubes and two-dimensional graphene have since ... More

A Survey of Multi-Access Edge Computing in 5G and Beyond: Fundamentals, Technology Integration, and State-of-the-ArtJun 20 2019Driven by the emergence of new compute-intensive applications and the vision of IoT, the 5G network will face an unprecedented increase in traffic volume and computation demands. However, end users mostly have limited storage capacities and finite processing ... More

Efficient Hybrid White Organic Light-Emitting Diodes for Application of Triplet Harvesting with Simple StructureMay 23 2016In this study, we fabricated hybrid white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) based on triplet harvesting with simple structure. All the hole transporting material and host in emitting layer (EML) of devices were utilized with same material by using ... More

A Planetary lensing feature in caustic-crossing high-magnification microlensing eventsMar 19 2012Current microlensing follow-up observations focus on high-magnification events because of the high efficiency of planet detection. However, central perturbations of high-magnification events caused by a planet can also be produced by a very close or a ... More

OGLE-2016-BLG-0156: Microlensing Event With Pronounced Microlens-Parallax Effects Yielding Precise Lens Mass MeasurementJan 19 2019We analyze the gravitational binary-lensing event OGLE-2016-BLG-0156, for which the lensing light curve displays pronounced deviations induced by microlens-parallax effects. The light curve exhibits 3 distinctive widely-separated peaks and we find that ... More

OGLE-2018-BLG-0022: First Prediction of an Astrometric Microlensing Signal from a Photometric Microlensing EventMar 30 2019Apr 04 2019In this work, we present the analysis of the binary microlensing event OGLE-2018-BLG-0022 that is detected toward the Galactic bulge field. The dense and continuous coverage with the high-quality photometry data from ground-based observations combined ... More

OGLE-2015-BLG-1670Lb: A Cold Neptune beyond the Snow Line in the Provisional WFIRST Microlensing Survey FieldSep 28 2018Jun 24 2019We present the analysis of the microlensing event OGLE-2015-BLG-1670, detected in a high-extinction field, very close to the Galactic plane. Due to the dust extinction along the line of sight, this event was too faint to be detected before it reached ... More

$Spitzer$ Microlensing Parallax for OGLE-2017-BLG-0896 Reveals a Counter-Rotating Low-Mass Brown DwarfMay 22 2018Jan 18 2019The kinematics of isolated brown dwarfs in the Galaxy, beyond the solar neighborhood, is virtually unknown. Microlensing has the potential to probe this hidden population, as it can measure both the mass and five of the six phase-space coordinates (all ... More

Spectroscopic Mass and Host-star Metallicity Measurements for Newly Discovered Microlensing Planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0740LbMay 01 2019Jul 03 2019We report the discovery of the microlensing planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0740Lb. The planet is detected with a very strong signal of $\Delta\chi^2\sim 4630$, but the interpretation of the signal suffers from two types of degeneracies. One type is caused by the ... More

$Spitzer$ Parallax of OGLE-2018-BLG-0596: A Low-mass-ratio Planet around an M-dwarfMay 14 2019We report the discovery of a $Spitzer$ microlensing planet OGLE-2018-BLG-0596Lb, with preferred planet-host mass ratio $q \sim 2\times10^{-4}$. The planetary signal, which is characterized by a short $(\sim 1~{\rm day})$ "bump" on the rising side of the ... More

Spitzer Microlensing of MOA-2016-BLG-231L : A Counter-Rotating Brown Dwarf Binary in the Galactic DiskFeb 08 2019Feb 12 2019We analyze the binary microlensing event MOA-2016-BLG-231, which was observed from the ground and from Spitzer. The lens is composed of very low-mass brown dwarfs (BDs) with $M_1 = 21^{+12}_{-5} \ M_J$ and $M_2 = 9^{+5}_{-2}\ M_J$, and it is located in ... More

Injection Scheme with Deflecting Cavity for Ultimate Storage RingJul 24 2018We suggest a new on-axis injection scheme that uses two deflecting cavities to remove the tilt of the stored beam, and to kick the injected beam into the ring. In this new injection scheme, an injected beam with a certain angle is overlaid on the stored ... More

A simple diffractive boundary value problem on an asymptotically anti-de Sitter spaceOct 14 2011In this paper, we study the propagation of singularities (in the sense of $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ wave front set) of the solution of a model case initial-boundary value problem with glancing rays for a concave domain on an asymptotically anti-de Sitter ... More

Tight-binding approach to understand photoelectron intensity from graphene for circularly polarized lightApr 25 2015We have investigated the effect of imperfect circular polarization on the angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy signal, using graphene as a prototypical system that can be understood within tight-binding formalism. We found that perfect left- and ... More

Phase constants in the Fock-Goncharov quantization of cluster varieties: long versionFeb 01 2016Feb 22 2016A cluster variety of Fock and Goncharov is a scheme constructed from the data related to the cluster algebras of Fomin and Zelevinsky. A seed is a combinatorial data which can be encoded as an $n\times n$ matrix with integer entries, or as a quiver in ... More

Finite dimensional quantum Teichmüller space from the quantum torus at root of unityMar 16 2017Aug 24 2018Representation theory of the quantum torus Hopf algebra, when the parameter $q$ is a root of unity, is studied. We investigate a decomposition map of the tensor product of two irreducibles into the direct sum of irreducibles, realized as a `multiplicity ... More

Study on the high spectral intensity at the Dirac energy of single-layer graphene on an SiC substrateApr 24 2016We have investigated electron band structure of epitaxially grown graphene on an SiC(0001) substrate using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. In single-layer graphene, abnormal high spectral intensity is observed at the Dirac energy whose origin ... More

Revisiting the Quark-Lepton Complementarity and Triminimal Parametrization of Neutrino Mixing MatrixApr 11 2011Apr 17 2011We examine how a parametrization of neutrino mixing matrix reflecting quark-lepton complementarity can be probed by considering phase-averaged oscillation probabilities, flavor composition of neutrino fluxes coming from atmospheric and astrophysical neutrinos ... More

Ratio coordinates for higher Teichmüller spacesJul 11 2014Nov 25 2015We define new coordinates for Fock-Goncharov's higher Teichm\"uller spaces for a surface with holes, which are the moduli spaces of representations of the fundamental group into a reductive Lie group $G$. Some additional data on the boundary leads to ... More

Limits of Binaries That Can Be Characterized by Gravitational MicrolensingAug 15 2008Due to the high efficiency of planet detections, current microlensing planet searches focus on high-magnification events. High-magnification events are sensitive to remote binary companions as well and thus a sample of wide-separation binaries are expected ... More

Spitzer Microlensing parallax reveals two isolated stars in the Galactic bulgeApr 25 2019We report the mass and distance measurements of two single-lens events from the 2017 Spitzer microlensing campaign. The ground-based observations yield the detection of finite-source effects, and the microlens parallaxes are derived from the joint analysis ... More

OGLE-2017-BLG-1186: first application of asteroseismology and Gaussian processes to microlensingApr 16 2019Jul 25 2019We present the analysis of the event OGLE-2017-BLG-1186 from the 2017 Spitzer microlensing campaign. This is a remarkable microlensing event because its source is photometrically bright and variable, which makes it possible to perform an asteroseismic ... More

Restoration of Topological Surface State by Vacuum Annealing in Magnetically Doped Topological InsulatorSep 14 2017The introduction of magnetic order on the surface of topological insulators in general breaks the two-dimensional character of topological surface state (TSS). Once the TSS disappears, it is improbable to restore the topological surface properties. In ... More

OGLE-2018-BLG-1011L\lowercase{b,c}: Microlensing Planetary System with Two Giant Planets Orbiting a Low-mass StarJul 03 2019We report a multiplanetary system found from the analysis of microlensing event OGLE-2018-BLG-1011, for which the light curve exhibits a double-bump anomaly around the peak. We find that the anomaly cannot be fully explained by the binary-lens or binary-source ... More

Representation Mixing and Exotic Baryons in the Skyrme ModelJun 04 2004Jul 28 2004We study the effect of representation mixing in the SU(3) Skyme model by diagonalizing exactly the representation-dependent part. It is observed that even without the next-to-leading order symmetry breaking terms the low-lying baryon masses as well as ... More

Lattice-mismatched semiconductor heterostructuresDec 26 2018Semiconductor heterostructure is a critical building block for modern semiconductor devices. However, forming semiconductor heterostructures of lattice-mismatch has been a great challenge for several decades. Epitaxial growth is infeasible to form abrupt ... More

Almost sure local wellposedness of energy critical fractional Schrödinger equations with hartree nonlinearityApr 24 2015Apr 28 2015We consider a Cauchy problem of energy-critical fractional Schr\"odinger equation with Hartree nonlinearity below the energy space. Using a method of randomization of functions on $\mathbb{R}^d$ associated with the Wiener decomposition, introduced by ... More

Computational Power and the Social Impact of Artificial IntelligenceMar 23 2018Machine learning is a computational process. To that end, it is inextricably tied to computational power - the tangible material of chips and semiconductors that the algorithms of machine intelligence operate on. Most obviously, computational power and ... More

Nuclear Symmetry Energy with Strangeness in Heavy Ion CollisionMay 20 2014Jun 29 2014The role of anti-kaons in the symmetry energy to be determined in heavy-ion collisions as for instance in such observables as the $\pi^-/\pi^+$ ratio is discussed using a simple chiral Lagrangian. It is shown, with some mild assumptions, that kaons, when ... More

Topology Change and Tensor Forces for the EoS of Dense Baryonic MatterJun 19 2013Jul 01 2013When skyrmions representing nucleons are put on crystal lattice and compressed to simulate high density, there is a transition above the normal nuclear matter density $n_0$ from a matter consisting of skyrmions with integer baryon charge to a state of ... More

Rotation Symmetry and Nonabelian Berry PotentialOct 09 1992We study the role of rotational symmetry in the systems where nonabelian Berry potentials emerge as a result of integrating out fast degrees of freedom. The conserved angular momentum is constructed in the presence of a non-abelian Berry potential, which ... More

On preperiodic points of rational functions defined over $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$Jan 27 2016Let $P\in\mathbb{P}_1(\mathbb{Q})$ be a periodic point for a monic polynomial with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}$. With elementary techniques one sees that the minimal periodicity of $P$ is at most $2$. Recently we proved a generalization of this fact to ... More

Young tableaux, canonical bases and the Gindikin-Karpelevich formulaMay 27 2012Apr 08 2013A combinatorial description of the crystal B(infinity) for finite-dimensional simple Lie algebras in terms of certain Young tableaux was developed by J. Hong and H. Lee. We establish an explicit bijection between these Young tableaux and canonical bases ... More

Nullity of the Levi-form and the associated subvarieties for pseudo-convex CR structures of hypersurface typeFeb 07 2018Let $M^{2n+1}$, $n\ge 1$, be a smooth manifold with a pseudo-convex integrable CR structure of hypersurface type. We consider a sequence of CR invariant subsets $ M=\mathcal S_0 \supset \mathcal S_1 \supset \cdots \supset \mathcal S_{n}, $ where $\mathcal ... More

Outlining an elegant solver for 3-SATMay 13 2009Apr 11 2011The purpose of this article is to incite clever ways to attack problems. It advocates in favor of more elegant algorithms, in place of brute force (albeit its very well crafted) usages.

X-ray Observations of Young Supernova RemnantsFeb 08 2001This brief review of recent X-ray observations of young supernova remnants highlights results obtained by the Chandra and XMM Newton Observatories since their launch last year. Their impressive capabilities are illustrated by results for spectral imaging, ... More

Dilatons in Hidden Local Symmetry for Hadrons in Dense MatterFeb 19 2009Feb 21 2009With the explicit breaking of scale invariance by the trace anomaly of QCD rephrased in terms of spontaneous breaking, low-energy strong interaction dynamics of dense (and also hot) matter can be effectively captured by -- in addition to the Nambu-Goldstone ... More

Vanishing of Nonabelian Berry Phases in Heavy Solitonic BaryonsFeb 18 1993In this article, we show -- using a reasoning applicable to both the excitation spectrum in the chiral bag model and the hyperfine structure of diatomic molecules -- that the generic form of a non- abelian Berry potential appears in heavy-quark effective ... More

Surface Sensitive Microfluidic Optomechanical SensorsJul 08 2014The microfluidic optomechanical resonator (uFOMR) based on a thin-walled glass capillary supports high Q-factor (>1000) mechanical modes in the presence of liquids. In this Letter, the sensitivity of the uFOMR to the surface change is studied by layer-by-layer ... More

Cosmological structure problem of the ekpyrotic scenarioSep 04 2001Oct 25 2001We address the perturbation power spectrum generated in the recently proposed ekpyrotic scenario by Khoury et al. The issue has been raised recently by Lyth who used the conventional method based on a conserved variable in the large-scale limit, and derived ... More

Cosmological structures in generalized gravityNov 28 1997In a class of generalized gravity theories with general couplings between the scalar field and the scalar curvature in the Lagrangian, we describe the quantum generation and the classical evolution processes of both the scalar and tensor structures in ... More

Gravitational Wave Spectrums from Pole-like Inflations based on Generalized Gravity TheoriesOct 10 1997We present a general and unified formulation which can handle the classical evolution and quantum generation processes of the cosmological gravitational wave in a broad class of generalized gravity theories. Applications are made in several inflation ... More

Log-concavity of complexity one Hamiltonian torus actionsSep 14 2011Let $(M,\omega)$ be a closed $2n$-dimensional symplectic manifold equipped with a Hamiltonian $T^{n-1}$-action. Then Atiyah-Guillemin-Sternberg convexity theorem implies that the image of the moment map is an $(n-1)$-dimensional convex polytope. In this ... More

Half-Skyrmion Hadronic Matter at High DensityMay 03 2009The hadronic matter described as a skyrmion matter embedded in an FCC crystal is found to turn into a half-skyrmion matter with vanishing (in the chiral limit) quark condensate and {\em non-vanishing} pion decay constant at a density $n_{1/2S}$ lower ... More

Hyperons and Condensed Kaons in Compact StarsJan 01 2013Using the Callan-Klebanov bound state model for hyperons simulated on crystal lattice to describe strange baryonic matter, we argue that to ${\cal O} (1)$ in the large $N_c$ counting to which the theory is robust, hyperons can figure only when -- or after ... More

Dilatons for Dense Hadronic MatterOct 05 2009The idea that the explicit breaking of scale invariance by the trace anomaly of QCD can be rephrased as a spontaneous breaking has been recently exploited to capture the low-energy strong interaction dynamics of dense (and also hot) matter in terms of ... More

Flavor Symmetry and Topology Change in Nuclear Symmetry Energy for Compact StarsJan 31 2012Dec 10 2012The nuclear symmetry energy figures crucially in the structure of asymmetric nuclei and, more importantly, in the equation of state (EoS) of compact stars. At present it is almost totally unknown, both experimentally and theoretically, in the density ... More

Face De-occlusion using 3D Morphable Model and Generative Adversarial NetworkApr 12 2019In recent decades, 3D morphable model (3DMM) has been commonly used in image-based photorealistic 3D face reconstruction. However, face images are often corrupted by serious occlusion by non-face objects including eyeglasses, masks, and hands. Such objects ... More

Comments on Exchange Graphs in Cluster AlgebrasDec 01 2016Feb 16 2018An important problem in the theory of cluster algebras is to compute the fundamental group of the exchange graph. A non-trivial closed loop in the exchange graph, for example, generates a non-trivial identity for the classical and quantum dilogarithm ... More

Hard Lefschetz Property for Hamiltonian torus actions on 6-dimensional GKM manifoldsOct 31 2013Dec 24 2018In this paper, we study the hard Lefschetz property of a symplectic manifold which admits a Hamiltonian torus action. More precisely, let $(M,\omega)$ be a 6-dimensional compact symplectic manifold with a Hamiltonian $T^2$-action. We will show that if ... More

Cosets as gauge slices in SU(1,1) stringsOct 15 1991We consider a string theory based on an SU(1,1) Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten model and an arbitrary unitary conformal fild theory. We show that the solutions of the Virasoro conditions, in the unitarity regime of the SU(1,1) theory, are states which lie ... More

Integrating Reinforcement Learning to Self Training for Pulmonary Nodule Segmentation in Chest X-raysNov 21 2018Machine learning applications in medical imaging are frequently limited by the lack of quality labeled data. In this paper, we explore the self training method, a form of semi-supervised learning, to address the labeling burden. By integrating reinforcement ... More

Automorphism groups of simple polarized abelian varieties of odd prime dimension over finite fieldsJan 12 2019We prove that the automorphism groups of simple polarized abelian varieties of odd prime dimension over finite fields are cyclic, and give a complete list of finite groups that can be realized as such automorphism groups.

Dilatons in Dense Baryonic MatterApr 24 2013We discuss the role of dilaton, which is supposed to be representing a special feature of scale symmetry of QCD, trace anomaly, in dense baryonic matter. The idea that the scale symmetry breaking of QCD is responsible for the spontaneous breaking of chiral ... More

The W-Boson Mass and Precision Tests of the Standard ModelOct 01 1995We have examined the electroweak radiative corrections in the LEP precision data in view of the new measurements of $M_W$ and $m_t$ as well as the recent progress in the higher order radiative corrections. From the minimal $\chi^2$-fit to the experimental ... More

Unitarity Constraints in the standard model with a singlet scalar fieldJun 28 2013Motivated by the discovery of a new scalar field and amelioration of the electroweak vacuum stability ascribed to a singlet scalar field embedded in the standard model (SM), we examine the implication of the perturbative unitarity in the SM with a singlet ... More

New Class of Quark Mass Matrix and Calculability of Flavor Mixing MatrixApr 07 1997Apr 08 1997We discuss a new general class of mass matrix ansatz that respects the fermion mass hierarchy and calculability of the flavor mixing matrix. This is a generalization and justification of the various specific forms of the mass matrix by successive breaking ... More

Measurement of amplitude of the moiré patterns in digital autostereoscopic 3D displaySep 18 2017The article presents the experimental measurements of the amplitude of the moir\'e patterns in a digital autostereoscopic barrier-type 3D display across a wide angular range with a small increment. The period and orientation of the moir\'e patterns were ... More

String theoretic axion coupling and the evolution of cosmic structuresJul 06 1999We examine the effects of the axion coupling to $R\tilde{R}$ on the evolution of cosmic structures. It is shown that the evolutions of the scalar- and vector-type perturbations are not affected by this axion coupling. However the axion coupling causes ... More

Enhancement of Real Time EPICS IOC PV Management for Data Archiving SystemJul 31 2015For operating a 100MeV linear proton accelerator, the major driving values and experimental data need to be archived. According to the experimental conditions, different data are required. It is necessary to implement functions that can add new data and ... More

Regularity of squarefree monomial idealsOct 29 2013Nov 04 2013We survey a number of recent studies of the Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity of squarefree monomial ideals. Our focus is on bounds and exact values for the regularity in terms of combinatorial data from associated simplicial complexes and/or hypergraphs. ... More

Infinite-dimensional Log-Determinant divergences II: Alpha-Beta divergencesOct 13 2016Jan 14 2017This work presents a parametrized family of divergences, namely Alpha-Beta Log- Determinant (Log-Det) divergences, between positive definite unitized trace class operators on a Hilbert space. This is a generalization of the Alpha-Beta Log-Determinant ... More

Operator-Valued Bochner Theorem, Fourier Feature Maps for Operator-Valued Kernels, and Vector-Valued LearningAug 19 2016This paper presents a framework for computing random operator-valued feature maps for operator-valued positive definite kernels. This is a generalization of the random Fourier features for scalar-valued kernels to the operator-valued case. Our general ... More

Reduced ideals from the reduction algorithmNov 20 2017Aug 16 2018The reduction algorithm is used to compute reduced ideals of a number field. However, there are reduced ideals that can never be obtained from this algorithm. In this paper, we will show that these ideals have inverses of larger norms among reduced ones. ... More

A generalization of reduced Arakelov divisors of a number fieldMay 09 2015May 25 2016Let $C \geq 1$. Inspired by the LLL-algorithm, we define strongly $C$-reduced divisors of a number field $F$ which are generalized from the concept of reduced Arakelov divisors. Moreover, we prove that strongly $C$-reduced Arakelov divisors still retain ... More

Further properties of Gaussian Reproducing Kernel Hilbert SpacesOct 23 2012We generalize the orthonormal basis for the Gaussian RKHS described in \cite{MinhGaussian2010} to an infinite, continuously parametrized, family of orthonormal bases, along with some implications. The proofs are direct generalizations of those in \cite{MinhGaussian2010}. ... More

Sub-Hopf algebras of the Steenrod algebra and the Singer transferMar 27 2009The Singer transfer provides an interesting connection between modular representation theory and the cohomology of the Steenrod algebra. We discuss a version of `Quillen stratification' theorem for the Singer transfer and its consequences.

Modified trace from pivotal Hopf $G$-coalgebraApr 06 2018In a recent paper the authors Beliakova, Blanchet and Gainutdinov have shown that the modified trace on the category $H$-pmod of the projective modules corresponds to the symmetrised integral on the finite dimensional pivotal Hopf algebra $H$. We generalize ... More

Polynomials non-negative on strips and half-stripsSep 18 2010In 2008, M. Marshall settled a long-standing open problem by showing that if f(x,y) is a polynomial that is non-negative on the strip [0,1] x R, then there exist sums of squares s(x,y) and t(x,y) such that f(x,y) = s(x,y) + (x - x^2) t(x,y). In this paper, ... More

Adjoint line bundles and syzygies of projective varietiesJan 26 2005Sep 13 2007Let X be a smooth projective variety and let K be the canonical divisor of X. In this paper, we study embeddings of X given by adjoint line bundles of the form K+L, where L is an ample line bundle. When X is a regular surface (i.e. H^1(X, O_X) = 0), we ... More

Bost-Connes-Marcolli systems for Shimura varieties. I. Definitions and formal analytic propertiesJul 05 2005We construct a quantum statistical mechanical system $(A,s)$ analogous to the systems constructed by Bost-Connes and Connes-Marcolli in the case of Shimura varieties. Along the way, we define a new Bost-Connes system for number fields which has the ``correct'' ... More

Severe Challenges In Gravity TheoriesJun 29 2011Gravity is specifically the attractive force between two masses separated at a distance. Is this force a derived or a fundamental interaction? We believe that all fundamental interactions are quantum in nature but a derived interaction may be classical. ... More

Are Black Holes Elementary Particles?Jun 19 2009Quantum black holes are the smallest and heaviest conceivable elementary particles. They have a microscopic size but a macroscopic mass. Several fundamental types have been constructed with some remarkable properties. Quantum black holes in the neighborhood ... More

The Gravitational Energy of a Black HoleAug 10 2005An exact energy expression for a physical black hole is derived by considering the escape of a photon from the black hole. The mass of the black hole within its horizon is found to be twice its mass as observed at infinity. This result is important in ... More

Infinite-dimensional Log-Determinant divergences between positive definite Hilbert-Schmidt operatorsFeb 11 2017The current work generalizes the author's previous work on the infinite-dimensional Alpha Log-Determinant (Log-Det) divergences and Alpha-Beta Log-Det divergences, defined on the set of positive definite unitized trace class operators on a Hilbert space, ... More