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Doubly nonnegative relaxations are equivalent to completely positive reformulations of quadratic optimization problems with block-clique graph structuresMar 18 2019We study the equivalence among a nonconvex QOP, its CPP and DNN relaxations under the assumption that the aggregated and correlative sparsity of the data matrices of the CPP relaxation is represented by a block-clique graph $G$. By exploiting the correlative ... More

A Geometrical Analysis of a Class of Nonconvex Conic Programs for Convex Conic Reformulations of Quadratic and Polynomial Optimization ProblemsJan 08 2019We present a geometrical analysis on the completely positive programming reformulation of quadratic optimization problems and its extension to polynomial optimization problems with a class of geometrically defined nonconvex conic programs and their covexification. ... More

A Newton-bracketing method for a simple conic optimization problemMay 30 2019For the Lagrangian-DNN relaxation of quadratic optimization problems (QOPs), we propose a Newton-bracketing method to improve the performance of the bisection-projection method implemented in BBCPOP [to appear in ACM Tran. Softw., 2019]. The relaxation ... More

On the efficient computation of a generalized Jacobian of the projector over the Birkhoff polytopeFeb 20 2017Sep 01 2018We derive an explicit formula, as well as an efficient procedure, for constructing a generalized Jacobian for the projector of a given square matrix onto the Birkhoff polytope, i.e., the set of doubly stochastic matrices. To guarantee the high efficiency ... More

On the Asymptotic Superlinear Convergence of the Augmented Lagrangian Method for Semidefinite Programming with Multiple SolutionsOct 04 2016Solving large scale convex semidefinite programming (SDP) problems has long been a challenging task numerically. Fortunately, several powerful solvers including SDPNAL, SDPNAL+ and QSDPNAL have recently been developed to solve linear and convex quadratic ... More

A Majorized ADMM with Indefinite Proximal Terms for Linearly Constrained Convex Composite OptimizationDec 05 2014Jun 23 2015This paper presents a majorized alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) with indefinite proximal terms for solving linearly constrained $2$-block convex composite optimization problems with each block in the objective being the sum of a non-smooth ... More

SDPNAL$+$: A Majorized Semismooth Newton-CG Augmented Lagrangian Method for Semidefinite Programming with Nonnegative ConstraintsJun 04 2014In this paper, we present a majorized semismooth Newton-CG augmented Lagrangian method, called SDPNAL$+$, for semidefinite programming (SDP) with partial or full nonnegative constraints on the matrix variable. SDPNAL$+$ is a much enhanced version of SDPNAL ... More

A Schur Complement Based Semi-Proximal ADMM for Convex Quadratic Conic Programming and ExtensionsSep 09 2014This paper is devoted to the design of an efficient and convergent {semi-proximal} alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) for finding a solution of low to medium accuracy to convex quadratic conic programming and related problems. For this ... More

A Convergent $3$-Block Semi-Proximal ADMM for Convex Minimization Problems with One Strongly Convex BlockOct 29 2014In this paper, we present a semi-proximal alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) for solving $3$-block separable convex minimization problems with the second block in the objective being a strongly convex function and one coupled linear equation ... More

A highly efficient semismooth Newton augmented Lagrangian method for solving Lasso problemsJul 19 2016May 03 2017We develop a fast and robust algorithm for solving large scale convex composite optimization models with an emphasis on the $\ell_1$-regularized least squares regression (Lasso) problems. Despite the fact that there exist a large number of solvers in ... More

An Efficient Inexact ABCD Method for Least Squares Semidefinite ProgrammingMay 16 2015May 25 2015We consider least squares semidefinite programming (LSSDP) where the primal matrix variable must satisfy given linear equality and inequality constraints, and must also lie in the intersection of the cone of symmetric positive semidefinite matrices and ... More

An asymptotically superlinearly convergent semismooth Newton augmented Lagrangian method for Linear ProgrammingMar 22 2019Powerful interior-point methods (IPM) based commercial solvers such as Gurobi and Mosek have been hugely successful in solving large-scale linear programming (LP) problems. The high efficiency of these solvers depends critically on the sparsity of the ... More

On efficiently solving the subproblems of a level-set method for fused lasso problemsJun 27 2017In applying the level-set method developed in [Van den Berg and Friedlander, SIAM J. on Scientific Computing, 31 (2008), pp.~890--912 and SIAM J. on Optimization, 21 (2011), pp.~1201--1229] to solve the fused lasso problems, one needs to solve a sequence ... More

A block symmetric Gauss-Seidel decomposition theorem for convex composite quadratic programming and its applicationsMar 20 2017May 23 2017For a symmetric positive semidefinite linear system of equations $\mathcal{Q} {\bf x} = {\bf b}$, where ${\bf x} = (x_1,\ldots,x_s)$ is partitioned into $s$ blocks, with $s \geq 2$, we show that each cycle of the classical block symmetric Gauss-Seidel ... More

A Convergent 3-Block Semi-Proximal Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers for Conic Programming with $4$-Type of ConstraintsApr 22 2014Dec 01 2014The objective of this paper is to design an efficient and convergent alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) for finding a solution of medium accuracy to conic programming problems whose constraints consist of linear equalities, linear inequalities, ... More

QSDPNAL: A two-phase augmented Lagrangian method for convex quadratic semidefinite programmingDec 30 2015Dec 30 2016In this paper, we present a two-phase augmented Lagrangian method, called QSDPNAL, for solving convex quadratic semidefinite programming (QSDP) problems with constraints consisting of a large number of linear equality, inequality constraints, a simple ... More

A Note on the Convergence of ADMM for Linearly Constrained Convex Optimization ProblemsJul 08 2015Feb 22 2016This note serves two purposes. Firstly, we construct a counterexample to show that the statement on the convergence of the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) for solving linearly constrained convex optimization problems in a highly influential ... More

An Efficient Inexact Symmetric Gauss-Seidel Based Majorized ADMM for High-Dimensional Convex Composite Conic ProgrammingJun 02 2015Mar 17 2016In this paper, we propose an inexact multi-block ADMM-type first-order method for solving a class of high-dimensional convex composite conic optimization problems to moderate accuracy. The design of this method combines an inexact 2-block majorized semi-proximal ... More

On the convergence properties of a majorized ADMM for linearly constrained convex optimization problems with coupled objective functionsJan 31 2015In this paper, we establish the convergence properties for a majorized alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) for linearly constrained convex optimization problems whose objectives contain coupled functions. Our convergence analysis relies ... More

A Proximal Point Dual Newton Algorithm for Solving Group Graphical Lasso ProblemsJun 11 2019Undirected graphical models have been especially popular for learning the conditional independence structure among a large number of variables where the observations are drawn independently and identically from the same distribution. However, many modern ... More

Efficient sparse semismooth Newton methods for the clustered lasso problemAug 22 2018May 01 2019We focus on solving the clustered lasso problem, which is a least squares problem with the $\ell_1$-type penalties imposed on both the coefficients and their pairwise differences to learn the group structure of the regression parameters. Here we first ... More

On the Closed-form Proximal Mapping and Efficient Algorithms for Exclusive Lasso ModelsFeb 01 2019The exclusive lasso regularization based on the $\ell_{1,2}$ norm has become popular recently due to its superior performance over the group lasso regularization. Comparing to the group lasso regularization which enforces the competition on variables ... More

Spectral Operators of MatricesJan 10 2014The class of matrix optimization problems (MOPs) has been recognized in recent years to be a powerful tool by researchers far beyond the optimization community to model many important applications involving structured low rank matrices. This trend can ... More

A Unified Algorithmic Framework of Symmetric Gauss-Seidel Decomposition based Proximal ADMMs for Convex Composite ProgrammingDec 17 2018Apr 04 2019This paper aims to present a fairly accessible generalization of several symmetric Gauss-Seidel decomposition based multi-block proximal alternating direction methods of multipliers (ADMMs) for convex composite optimization problems. The proposed method ... More

A New Homotopy Proximal Variable-Metric Framework for Composite Convex MinimizationDec 13 2018This paper suggests two novel ideas to develop new proximal variable-metric methods for solving a class of composite convex optimization problems. The first idea is a new parameterization of the optimality condition which allows us to develop a class ... More

On the Equivalence of Inexact Proximal ALM and ADMM for a Class of Convex Composite ProgrammingMar 28 2018Jan 28 2019In this paper, we show that for a class of linearly constrained convex composite optimization problems, an (inexact) symmetric Gauss-Seidel based majorized multi-block proximal alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is equivalent to an {\em ... More

SDPNAL+: A Matlab software for semidefinite programming with bound constraints (version 1.0)Oct 29 2017May 16 2019SDPNAL+ is a {\sc Matlab} software package that implements an augmented Lagrangian based method to solve large scale semidefinite programming problems with bound constraints. The implementation was initially based on a majorized semismooth Newton-CG augmented ... More

Spectral operators of matrices: semismoothness and characterizations of the generalized JacobianOct 22 2018Spectral operators of matrices proposed recently in [C. Ding, D.F. Sun, J. Sun, and K.C. Toh, Math. Program. {\bf 168}, 509--531 (2018)] are a class of matrix valued functions, which map matrices to matrices by applying a vector-to-vector function to ... More

BBCPOP: A Sparse Doubly Nonnegative Relaxation of Polynomial Optimization Problems with Binary, Box and Complementarity ConstraintsApr 02 2018The software package BBCPOP is a MATLAB implementation of a hierarchy of sparse doubly nonnegative (DNN) relaxations of a class of polynomial optimization (minimization) problems (POPs) with binary, box and complementarity (BBC) constraints. Given a POP ... More

Fast algorithms for large scale generalized distance weighted discriminationApr 19 2016Aug 17 2017High dimension low sample size statistical analysis is important in a wide range of applications. In such situations, the highly appealing discrimination method, support vector machine, can be improved to alleviate data piling at the margin. This leads ... More

A highly efficient semismooth Newton augmented Lagrangian method for solving Lasso problemsJul 19 2016Oct 07 2016We develop a fast and robust algorithm for solving large scale convex composite optimization models with an emphasis on the $\ell_1$-regularized least squares regression (Lasso) problems. Despite the fact that there exist a large number of solvers in ... More

An Efficient Semismooth Newton Based Algorithm for Convex ClusteringFeb 20 2018Clustering may be the most fundamental problem in unsupervised learning which is still active in machine learning research because its importance in many applications. Popular methods like K-means, may suffer from instability as they are prone to get ... More

On the R-superlinear convergence of the KKT residues generated by the augmented Lagrangian method for convex composite conic programmingJun 27 2017Due to the possible lack of primal-dual-type error bounds, the superlinear convergence for the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) residues of the sequence generated by augmented Lagrangian method (ALM) for solving convex composite conic programming (CCCP) has long ... More

Best Nonnegative Rank-One Approximations of TensorsOct 31 2018In this paper, we study the polynomial optimization problem of multi-forms over the intersection of the multi-spheres and the nonnegative orthants. This class of problems is NP-hard in general, and includes the problem of finding the best nonnegative ... More

QSDPNAL: A two-phase proximal augmented Lagrangian method for convex quadratic semidefinite programmingDec 30 2015In this paper, we present a two-phase proximal augmented Lagrangian method, called QSDPNAL, for solving convex quadratic semidefinite programming (QSDP) problems with constraints consisting of a large number of linear equality, inequality constraints, ... More

Convex Clustering: Model, Theoretical Guarantee and Efficient AlgorithmOct 04 2018Clustering is a fundamental problem in unsupervised learning. Popular methods like K-means, may suffer from poor performance as they are prone to get stuck in its local minima. Recently, the sum-of-norms (SON) model (also known as the clustering path) ... More

Computing the Best Approximation Over the Intersection of a Polyhedral Set and the Doubly Nonnegative ConeMar 17 2018This paper introduces an efficient algorithm for computing the best approximation of a given matrix onto the intersection of linear equalities, inequalities and the doubly nonnegative cone (the cone of all positive semidefinite matrices whose elements ... More

A proximal point algorithm for sequential feature extraction applicationsAug 04 2011We propose a proximal point algorithm to solve LAROS problem, that is the problem of finding a "large approximately rank-one submatrix". This LAROS problem is used to sequentially extract features in data. We also develop a new stopping criterion for ... More

A semi-proximal augmented Lagrangian based decomposition method for primal block angular convex composite quadratic conic programming problemsDec 12 2018We propose a semi-proximal augmented Lagrangian based decomposition method for convex composite quadratic conic programming problems with primal block angular structures. Using our algorithmic framework, we are able to naturally derive several well known ... More

An Efficient Linearly Convergent Regularized Proximal Point Algorithm for Fused Multiple Graphical Lasso ProblemsFeb 19 2019Nowadays, analysing data from different classes or over a temporal grid has attracted a great deal of interest. As a result, various multiple graphical models for learning a collection of graphical models simultaneously have been derived by introducing ... More

An efficient Hessian based algorithm for solving large-scale sparse group Lasso problemsDec 16 2017The sparse group Lasso is a widely used statistical model which encourages the sparsity both on a group and within the group level. In this paper, we develop an efficient augmented Lagrangian method for large-scale non-overlapping sparse group Lasso problems ... More

A sparse semismooth Newton based proximal majorization-minimization algorithm for nonconvex square-root-loss regression problemsMar 27 2019In this paper, we consider high-dimensional nonconvex square-root-loss regression problems and introduce a proximal majorization-minimization (PMM) algorithm for these problems. Our key idea for making the proposed PMM to be efficient is to develop a ... More

SDPNAL+: A Matlab software for semidefinite programming with bound constraints (version 1.0)Oct 29 2017SDPNALP is a {\sc Matlab} software package that implements an augmented Lagrangian based method to solve large scale semidefinite programming problems with bound constraints. The implementation was initially based on a majorized semismooth Newton-CG augmented ... More

Sparse-BSOS: a bounded degree SOS hierarchy for large scale polynomial optimization with sparsityJul 05 2016May 27 2017We provide a sparse version of the bounded degree SOS hierarchy BSOS [7] for polynomial optimization problems. It permits to treat large scale problems which satisfy a structured sparsity pattern. When the sparsity pattern satisfies the running intersection ... More

Solving the OSCAR and SLOPE Models Using a Semismooth Newton-Based Augmented Lagrangian MethodMar 28 2018The octagonal shrinkage and clustering algorithm for regression (OSCAR), equipped with the $\ell_1$-norm and a pair-wise $\ell_{\infty}$-norm regularizer, is a useful tool for feature selection and grouping in high-dimensional data analysis. The computational ... More

A bounded degree SOS hierarchy for polynomial optimizationJan 25 2015Jun 26 2015We consider a new hierarchy of semidefinite relaxations for the general polynomial optimization problem $(P):\:f^{\ast}=\min \{\,f(x):x\in K\,\}$ on a compact basic semi-algebraic set $K\subset\R^n$. This hierarchy combines some advantages of the standard ... More

A Fast Globally Linearly Convergent Algorithm for the Computation of Wasserstein BarycentersSep 12 2018In this paper, we consider the problem of computing a Wasserstein barycenter for a set of discrete probability distributions with finite supports, which finds many applications in different areas such as statistics, machine learning and image processing. ... More

A Unified Algorithmic Framework of Symmetric Gauss-Seidel Decomposition based Proximal ADMMs for Convex Composite ProgrammingDec 17 2018This paper aims to present a fairly accessible generalization of several symmetric Gauss-Seidel decomposition based multi-block proximal alternating direction methods of multipliers (ADMMs) for convex composite optimization problems. The proposed method ... More

A bounded degree SOS hierarchy for large scale polynomial optimization with sparsityJul 05 2016We provide a sparse version of the bounded degree SOS (BSOS) hierarchy for polynomial optimization problems. The presented version permits to handle large scale problems which satisfy a structured sparsity pattern. When the sparsity pattern satisfies ... More

Efficient sparse Hessian based algorithms for the clustered lasso problemAug 22 2018Aug 23 2018We focus on solving the clustered lasso problem, which is a least squares problem with the $\ell_1$-type penalties imposed on both the coefficients and their pairwise differences to learn the group structure of the regression parameters. Here we first ... More

A sparse semismooth Newton based proximal majorization-minimization algorithm for nonconvex square-root-loss regression problemsMar 27 2019Apr 02 2019In this paper, we consider high-dimensional nonconvex square-root-loss regression problems and introduce a proximal majorization-minimization (PMM) algorithm for these problems. Our key idea for making the proposed PMM to be efficient is to develop a ... More

A Fast Globally Linearly Convergent Algorithm for the Computation of Wasserstein BarycentersSep 12 2018May 02 2019In this paper, we consider the problem of computing a Wasserstein barycenter for a set of discrete probability distributions with finite supports, which finds many applications in different areas such as statistics, machine learning and image processing. ... More

Charge and CP asymmetries of $B_q$ meson in unparticle physicsDec 01 2010Dec 02 2010Recently the D{\O} Collaboration reported an observation of like-sign charge asymmetry (CA), which is about $3.2 \sigma$ deviation from the standard model (SM) prediction. Inspired by the observation we investigate the scalar unparticle effects, under ... More

Chaotic self-sustaining structure embeded in turbulent-laminar interfaceMar 16 2015An iterface structure between turbulence and laminar flow is investigated in two-dimensional channel flow. This spatially localized structure not only sustains itself, but also converts laminar state into turbulence actively. In other words, this coherent ... More

Fast algorithms for large scale generalized distance weighted discriminationApr 19 2016High dimension low sample size statistical analysis is important in a wide range of applications. In such situations, the highly appealing discrimination method, support vector machine, can be improved to alleviate data piling at the margin. This leads ... More

Max-Norm Optimization for Robust Matrix RecoverySep 24 2016This paper studies the matrix completion problem under arbitrary sampling schemes. We propose a new estimator incorporating both max-norm and nuclear-norm regularization, based on which we can conduct efficient low-rank matrix recovery using a random ... More

Practical Matrix Completion and Corruption Recovery using Proximal Alternating Robust Subspace MinimizationSep 06 2013Oct 28 2014Low-rank matrix completion is a problem of immense practical importance. Recent works on the subject often use nuclear norm as a convex surrogate of the rank function. Despite its solid theoretical foundation, the convex version of the problem often fails ... More

Inverse spectral problems for the Sturm-Liouville operator with discontinuityMar 04 2017In this work, we consider the Sturm-Liouville operator on a finite interval $[0,1]$ with discontinuous conditions at $1/2$. We prove that if the potential is known a priori on a subinterval $[b,1]$ with $b\ge1/2$, then parts of two spectra can uniquely ... More

A quick estimation of luminosity function based on the luminosity-distance diagramJan 12 2017Based on the luminosity-distance diagram, we propose a method to quickly estimate the luminosity function for any certain astrophysical objects. Giving the mean distance between any two objects at a given luminosity range, we can find the relation between ... More

A Proposed Mechanism for the Intrinsic Redshift and its Preferred Values Purportedly Found in Quasars Based on the Local-Ether TheoryAug 16 2006Quasars of high redshift may be ejected from a nearby active galaxy of low redshift. This physical association then leads to the suggestion that the redshifts of quasars are not really an indication of their distances. In this investigation, it is argued ... More

Reexamination of Barnett's Experiment Based on the Modified Lorentz Force LawDec 20 2005Barnett's experiment demonstrates that the induction on a stationary cylindrical capacitor in the presence of a rotating magnet or solenoid is zero. In this investigation, based on the modified Lorentz force law, which complies with Galilean transformations ... More

Local-Ether Wave Equation of Electric Field and Interferometry Experiments with Moving Medium and PathAug 23 2002Recently, we have presented the local-ether model, whereby the propagation of earthbound waves is supposed to be referred uniquely to a geostationary inertial frame. Further, in order to comply with this propagation model, the modified Lorentz force law ... More

Reinterpretation of Matter-Wave Interference Experiments Based on the Local-Ether Wave EquationAug 23 2002Based on the local-ether wave equation for free particle, the dispersion of matter wave is examined. From the dispersion relation, the angular frequency and wavelength of matter wave are derived. These formulas look like the postulates of de Broglie in ... More

Two-Loop Computation in Superstring TheoryJan 06 2003In this paper I review some old and new works on the computation of two-loop 4-particle amplitude in superstring theory. I also present the proof by Iengo, showing the vanishing of the term related to the two-loop correction to the $R^4$ term. Finally ... More

Modifications of Schrödinger's Equation Complying with the Effect of Earth's Rotation on Quantum Energy in Atoms and with the Electromagnetic ForceAug 23 2002Recently, we have presented a local-ether wave equation incorporating a nature frequency and the electric scalar potential, from which the speed-dependences in the angular frequency and wavelength of matter wave, in the mass of particle, and in the energy ... More

On paratopological groupsFeb 18 2013In this paper, we firstly construct a Hausdorff non-submetrizable paratopological group $G$ in which every point is a $G_{\delta}$-set, which gives a negative answer to Arhangel'ski\v{\i}\ and Tkachenko's question [Topological Groups and Related Structures, ... More

Pigeonring: A Principle for Faster Thresholded Similarity SearchApr 04 2018Jun 06 2018The pigeonhole principle states that if n items are contained in m boxes, then at least one box has no more than n/m items. It is utilized to solve many data management problems, especially for thresholded similarity searches. Despite many pigeonhole ... More

Gain measurement scheme for precise determination of atomic parity violation through two-pathway coherent controlAug 01 2018Precision measurements of parity non-conserving (PNC) interactions in atoms, molecules and ions can lead to the discovery of new physics beyond the standard model and understanding of weak-force induced interactions in the nucleus. In this paper, we propose ... More

Two-photon photoassociation spectroscopy of the $^{2}Σ^+$ YbLi molecular ground stateMar 02 2019We report on measurements of the binding energies of several weakly bound vibrational states of the paramagnetic $^{174}$Yb$^{6}$Li molecule in the electronic ground state using two-photon spectroscopy in an ultracold atomic mixture confined in an optical ... More

Recovering Dirac Operator with Nonlocal Boundary ConditionsJan 30 2015In this paper inverse problems for Dirac operator with nonlocal conditions are considered. Uniqueness theorems of inverse problems from the Weyl-type function and spectra are provided, which are generalizations of the well-known Weyl function and Borg's ... More

Note on Redshift Distortion in Fourier SpaceApr 11 2006Jun 15 2006We explore features of redshift distortion in Fourier analysis of N-body simulations. The phases of the Fourier modes of the dark matter density fluctuation are generally shifted by the peculiar motion along the line of sight, the induced phase shift ... More

Radiatively scotogenic type-II seesaw and a relevant phenomenological analysisJun 25 2019When a small vacuum expectation value of Higgs triplet ($v_\Delta$) in the type-II seesaw model is required to explain neutrino oscillation data, a fine-tuning issue occurs on the mass-dimension lepton-number-violation (LNV) scalar coupling. Using the ... More

A Study of Brane Solutions in D-dimensional Coupled Gravity SystemMar 14 1999In this paper, we use only the equation of motion for an interacting system of gravity, dilaton and antisymmetric tensor to study the soliton solutions by making use of a Poincar\'e invariant ansatz. We show that the system of equations are completly ... More

Crystallographic bulk-edge correspondence: glide reflections and twisted mod 2 indicesApr 11 2018Oct 12 2018A 2-torsion topological phase exists for Hamiltonians symmetric under the wallpaper group with glide reflection symmetry, corresponding to the unorientable cycle of the Klein bottle fundamental domain. We prove a mod 2 twisted Toeplitz index theorem, ... More

Making 360$^{\circ}$ Video Watchable in 2D: Learning Videography for Click Free ViewingMar 01 2017May 24 2017360$^{\circ}$ video requires human viewers to actively control "where" to look while watching the video. Although it provides a more immersive experience of the visual content, it also introduces additional burden for viewers; awkward interfaces to navigate ... More

Detecting Engagement in Egocentric VideoApr 04 2016In a wearable camera video, we see what the camera wearer sees. While this makes it easy to know roughly what he chose to look at, it does not immediately reveal when he was engaged with the environment. Specifically, at what moments did his focus linger, ... More

Disjoint topological transitivity for weighted translations on Orlicz spacesAug 17 2018Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and let $\Phi$ be a Young function. In this paper, we give a sufficient and necessary condition for weighted translations on the Orlicz space $L^\Phi(G)$ to be disjoint topologically transitive. This characterization ... More

A hybrid LBM-DEM numerical approach with an improved immersed moving boundary method for complex particle-liquid flows involving adhesive particlesJan 28 2019This paper presents a hybrid numerical framework for modelling solid-liquid flow with particle adhesion based on a coupled single-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) and a discrete element method (DEM) for adhesive particles. The LBM is implemented ... More

Learning Spherical Convolution for Fast Features from 360° ImageryAug 02 2017Dec 07 2018While 360{\deg} cameras offer tremendous new possibilities in vision, graphics, and augmented reality, the spherical images they produce make core feature extraction non-trivial. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) trained on images from perspective ... More

Kernel Transformer Networks for Compact Spherical ConvolutionDec 07 2018Apr 09 2019Ideally, 360{\deg} imagery could inherit the deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) already trained with great success on perspective projection images. However, existing methods to transfer CNNs from perspective to spherical images introduce significant ... More

Submillimeter continuum variability in Planck Galactic cold clumpsMay 29 2019In the early stages of star formation, a protostar is deeply embedded in an optically thick envelope such that it is not directly observable. Variations in the protostellar accretion rate, however, will cause luminosity changes that are reprocessed by ... More

Submillimeter continuum variability in Planck Galactic cold clumpsMay 29 2019Jun 14 2019In the early stages of star formation, a protostar is deeply embedded in an optically thick envelope such that it is not directly observable. Variations in the protostellar accretion rate, however, will cause luminosity changes that are reprocessed by ... More

A distributed regression analysis application based on SAS software Part II: Cox proportional hazards regressionAug 07 2018Previous work has demonstrated the feasibility and value of conducting distributed regression analysis (DRA), a privacy-protecting analytic method that performs multivariable-adjusted regression analysis with only summary-level information from participating ... More

A distributed regression analysis application based on SAS software. Part I: Linear and logistic regressionAug 07 2018Previous work has demonstrated the feasibility and value of conducting distributed regression analysis (DRA), a privacy-protecting analytic method that performs multivariable-adjusted regression analysis with only summary-level information from participating ... More

Determination of the scalar and vector polarizabilities of the cesium $6s \ ^2S_{1/2} \rightarrow 7s \ ^2S_{1/2}$ transition and implications for atomic parity non-conservationMay 07 2019May 25 2019Using recent high-precision measurements of electric dipole matrix elements of atomic cesium, we make an improved determination of the scalar ($\alpha$) and vector ($\beta$) polarizabilities of the cesium $6s \ ^2S_{1/2} \rightarrow 7s \ ^2S_{1/2} $ transition ... More

Cost Minimization in Multiple IaaS Clouds: A Double Auction ApproachAug 04 2013Dec 08 2013IaaS clouds invest substantial capital in operating their data centers. Reducing the cost of resource provisioning, is their forever pursuing goal. Computing resource trading among multiple IaaS clouds provide a potential for IaaS clouds to utilize cheaper ... More

An Auction Approach to Spectrum Management in HetNetsJan 13 2017The growing demand in mobile Internet access calls for high capacity and energy efficient cellular access with better cell coverage. The in-band relaying solution, proposed in LTE-Advanced, improves coverage without requiring additional spectrum for backhauling, ... More

On the Combinatorics of Palindromes and AntipalindromesMar 31 2015We prove a number of results on the structure and enumeration of palindromes and antipalindromes. In particular, we study conjugates of palindromes, palindromic pairs, rich words, and the counterparts of these notions for antipalindromes.

Optimal Power Allocation for Outage Minimization in Fading Channels with Energy Harvesting ConstraintsDec 01 2012May 23 2013This paper studies the optimal power allocation for outage minimization in point-to-point fading channels with the energy-harvesting constraints and channel distribution information (CDI) at the transmitter. Both the cases with non-causal and causal energy ... More

Nontrivial quantum observables can always be optimized via some form of coherenceJul 02 2018In this paper we consider quantum resources required to maximize the mean values of any nontrivial quantum observable. We show that the task of maximizing the mean value of an observable is equivalent to maximizing some form of coherence, up to the application ... More

Coherence as a Unit Resource for Quantum Error CorrectionApr 25 2017In this paper we study an error correcting protocol that specifically derives its error correcting properties from elementary units of coherence. The entire protocol from beginning to end is performed using non-coherence increasing operations, resulting ... More

Realization of Quantum State Privacy Amplification in a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Quantum SystemJul 18 2010Quantum state privacy amplification (QSPA) is the quantum analogue of classical privacy amplification. If the state information of a series of single particle states has some leakage, QSPA reduces this leakage by condensing the state information of two ... More

A note on rectifiable spacesJun 20 2011Oct 07 2011In this paper, we firstly discuss the question: Is $l_{2}^{\infty}$ homeomorphic to a rectifiable space or a paratopological group? And then, we mainly discuss locally compact rectifiable spaces, and show that a locally compact and separable rectifiable ... More

Testing Gravity using Void ProfilesOct 30 2014We investigate void properties in $f(R)$ models using N-body simulations, focusing on their differences from General Relativity (GR) and their detectability. In the Hu-Sawicki $f(R)$ modified gravity (MG) models, the halo number density profiles of voids ... More

Minimal Ward-Takahashi Vertices and Pion Light Cone Distribution Amplitudes from Gauge Invariant, Nonlocal, Dynamical Quark ModelApr 14 2013The gauge-invariant, nonlocal, dynamical quark model is proved to generate the minimal vertices which satisfy the Ward-Takahashi identities. In the chiral limit, the momentum-dependent quark self-energy results in a flat-like form with some end point ... More

Probabilistic representations of solutions of elliptic boundary value problem and non-symmetric semigroupsJul 16 2014Apr 16 2015In this paper, we use a probabilistic approach to show that there exists a unique, bounded continuous solution to the Dirichlet boundary value problem for a general class of second order non-symmetric elliptic operators $L$ with singular coefficients, ... More

Measurement-Based Quantum Computing with Valence-Bond-SolidsNov 22 2011Measurement-based quantum computing (MBQC) is a model of quantum computing that proceeds by sequential measurements of individual spins in an entangled resource state. However, it remains a challenge to produce efficiently such resource states. Would ... More

Anatomy of a q-generalization of the Laguerre/Hermite Orthogonal PolynomialsDec 29 2016Dec 15 2017We study a q-generalization of the classical Laguerre/Hermite orthogonal polynomials. Explicit results include: the recursive coefficients, matrix elements of generators for the Heisenberg algebra, and the Hankel determinants. The power of quadratic relation ... More

Vertex Operators and Scattering Amplitudes of the Bosonic Open String Theory in the Linear Dilaton BackgroundJul 31 2009The operator formalism of the first quantized string theory is applied to the stringy excitations in the linear dilaton background. In particular, the normal-ordered vertex operators in the old-covariant spectrum of the bosonic open string, which correspond ... More

One-loop Massive Scattering Amplitudes and Ward Identities in String TheoryNov 23 2004Dec 05 2005We calculate bosonic open string one-loop massive scattering amplitudes for some low-lying string states. By using the periodicity relations of Jacobi theta functions, we explicitly prove an infinite number of one-loop type I stringy Ward identities derived ... More