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Cesium bright matter-wave solitons and soliton trainsFeb 08 2019A setup for studying bright matter-wave solitons of a cesium Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is presented. Production of a single soliton is demonstrated and dependence of soliton atom number on the interatomic interaction is studied. Formation of soliton ... More

Cesium bright matter-wave solitons and soliton trainsFeb 08 2019Mar 05 2019A study of bright matter-wave solitons of a cesium Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is presented. Production of a single soliton is demonstrated and dependence of soliton atom number on the interatomic interaction is investigated. Formation of soliton trains ... More

Greedy walks on two linesMar 25 2017The greedy walk is a walk on a point process that always moves from its current position to the nearest not yet visited point. We consider here various point processes on two lines. We look first at the greedy walk on two independent one-dimensional Poisson ... More

Searches for Gauge Mediated SUSY Breaking at LEPMay 29 2002Searches for neutralinos and sleptons with arbitrary lifetimes, as predicted in the framework of the Gauge Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking (GMSB) model, have been performed by the four LEP collaborations. No evidence for these particles has been found ... More

A thermally-driven differential mutation approach for the structural optimization of large atomic systemsJul 12 2017Aug 25 2017A computational method is presented which is capable to obtain low lying energy structures of topological amorphous systems. The method merges a differential mutation genetic algorithm with simulated annealing. This is done by incorporating a thermal ... More

An iterative aggregation and disaggregation approach to the calculation of steady-state distributions of continuous processesJul 12 2017A mapping of the process on a continuous configuration space to the symbolic representation of the motion on a discrete state space will be combined with an iterative aggregation and disaggregation (IAD) procedure to obtain steady state distributions ... More

Entanglement entropy of a scalar field across a spherical boundary in the Einstein universeSep 27 2013A scalar field in the ground state, when partially hidden from observation by a spherical boundary, acquires entanglement entropy $S$ proportional to the area of the surface. This area law is well established in flat space, where it follows almost directly ... More

Coarse types of tropical matroid polytopesDec 14 2010Dec 15 2010Describing the combinatorial structure of the tropical complex $C$ of a tropical matroid polytope, we obtain a formula for the coarse types of the maximal cells of $C$. Due to the connection between tropical complexes and resolutions of monomial ideals, ... More

The CMS Silicon Strip Tracker - Overview and StatusOct 28 2006With an active silicon area of more than 200 squaremetres, the silicon strip tracker of the CMS experiment, one of the experiments currently under construction for the future Large Hadron Collider at CERN, will be by far the largest silicon tracker in ... More

Random walks on weighted, oriented percolation clustersJun 05 2015Jun 30 2017We consider a weighted random walk on the backbone of an oriented percolation cluster. We determine necessary conditions on the weights for Brownian scaling limits under the annealed and the quenched law. This model is a random walk in dynamic random ... More

Random walks on weighted, oriented percolation clustersJun 05 2015Nov 30 2015We consider a weighted random walk on the backbone of an oriented percolation cluster. We determine necessary conditions on the weights for Brownian scaling limits under the annealed and the quenched law. This model is a random walk in dynamic random ... More

How stars and planets interact: a look through the high-energy windowApr 08 2019The architecture of exoplanetary systems is often different from the solar system, with some exoplanets being in close orbits around their host stars and having orbital periods of only a few days. In analogy to interactions between stars in close binary ... More

AHCAL Energy ResolutionJun 18 2010The CALICE collaboration has constructed highly granular hadronic and electromagnetic calorimeter prototypes to evaluate technologies for the use in detector systems at a future Linear Collider. The hadron calorimeter uses 7608 small scintillator cells ... More

Continuous time random walk for open systems: Fluctuation theorems and counting statisticsFeb 06 2008Apr 08 2008We consider continuous time random walks (CTRW) for open systems that exchange energy and matter with multiple reservoirs. Each waiting time distribution (WTD) for times between steps is characterized by a positive parameter a, which is set to a=1 if ... More

Comprehensive study of phase transitions in relaxational systems with field-dependent coefficientsSep 05 2003We present a comprehensive study of phase transitions in single-field systems that relax to a non-equilibrium global steady state. The mechanism we focus on is not the so-called Stratonovich drift combined with collective effects, but is instead similar ... More

Pulse Propagation in Chains with Nonlinear InteractionsAug 14 2003Pulse propagation in nonlinear arrays continues to be of interest because it provides a possible mechanism for energy transfer with little dispersion. Here we show that common measures of pulse dispersion might be misleading; in strongly anharmonic systems ... More

Tropical and Ordinary Convexity CombinedJan 31 2008Mar 23 2010A polytrope is a tropical polytope which at the same time is convex in the ordinary sense. A $d$-dimensional polytrope turns out to be a tropical simplex, that is, it is the tropical convex hull of $d+1$ points. This statement is equivalent to the known ... More

Estimating Probabilities of Default for Low Default PortfoliosNov 28 2004Apr 04 2005For credit risk management purposes in general, and for allocation of regulatory capital by banks in particular (Basel II), numerical assessments of the credit-worthiness of borrowers are indispensable. These assessments are expressed in terms of probabilities ... More

The Geometry of Almost Einstein (2,3,5) DistributionsJun 03 2016Jan 19 2017We analyze the classic problem of existence of Einstein metrics in a given conformal structure for the class of conformal structures inducedf Nurowski's construction by (oriented) (2,3,5) distributions. We characterize in two ways such conformal structures ... More

Convergence to the Tracy-Widom distribution for longest paths in a directed random graphMar 25 2013Aug 23 2013We consider a directed graph on the 2-dimensional integer lattice, placing a directed edge from vertex $(i_1,i_2)$ to $(j_1,j_2)$, whenever $i_1 \le j_1$, $i_2 \le j_2$, with probability $p$, independently for each such pair of vertices. Let $L_{n,m}$ ... More

Pulse Velocity in a Granular ChainSep 02 2003We discuss the applicability of two very different analytic approaches to the study of pulse propagation in a chain of particles interacting via a Hertz potential, namely, a continuum model and a binary collision approximation. While both methods capture ... More

The geometry of almost Einstein $(2,3,5)$ distributionsJun 03 2016Jul 25 2016We analyze the classic problem of existence of Einstein metrics in a given conformal structure for the class of conformal structures induced via Nurowski's construction by (oriented) $(2,3,5)$ distributions. We characterize in two ways such conformal ... More

Spatial Patterns Induced Purely by Dichotomous DisorderMar 18 2003We study conditions under which spatially extended systems with coupling a la Swift-Hohenberg exhibit spatial patterns induced purely by the presence of quenched dichotomous disorder. Complementing the theoretical results based on a generalized mean-field ... More

Intracellular delay limits cyclic changes in gene expressionFeb 07 2006Based on previously published experimental observations and mathematical models for Hes1, p53 and NF-kB gene expression, we improve these models through a distributed delay formulation of the time lag between transcription factor binding and mRNA production. ... More

Phase-Induced (In)-Stability in Coupled Parametric OscillatorsAug 02 2000We report results on a model of two coupled oscillators that undergo periodic parametric modulations with a phase difference $\theta$. Being to a large extent analytically solvable, the model reveals a rich $\theta$ dependence of the regions of parametric ... More

A Temporally Sensitive Submodularity Framework for Timeline SummarizationOct 18 2018Timeline summarization (TLS) creates an overview of long-running events via dated daily summaries for the most important dates. TLS differs from standard multi-document summarization (MDS) in the importance of date selection, interdependencies between ... More

On Nurowski's conformal structure associated to a generic rank two distribution in dimension fiveOct 11 2007For a generic distribution of rank two on a manifold $M$ of dimension five, we introduce the notion of a generalized contact form. To such a form we associate a generalized Reeb field and a partial connection. From these data, we explicitly constructed ... More

Conformal Structures Associated to Generic Rank 2 Distributions on 5-Manifolds - Characterization and Killing-Field DecompositionAug 04 2009Nov 10 2009Given a maximally non-integrable 2-distribution ${\mathcal D}$ on a 5-manifold $M$, it was discovered by P. Nurowski that one can naturally associate a conformal structure $[g]_{\mathcal D}$ of signature (2,3) on $M$. We show that those conformal structures ... More

The Prospects of Observing Tidal Disruption Events with the LSSTJun 19 2019The upcoming Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will observe 18 000 deg$^2$ of the Southern sky and is expected to discover thousands of transients every night due to its large coverage of the sky and its observing strategy. In this work we address ... More

TDEs with LSSTDec 14 2018We investigate the prospects of observing Tidal Disruption Events (TDEs) with different LSST cadences proposed with the White Paper call. We study their detection rates, the quality of their light curves and discuss which cadences sample TDEs better before ... More

DiscreteZOO: a Fingerprint Database of Discrete ObjectsDec 13 2018In this paper, we present DiscreteZOO, a project which illustrates some of the possibilities for computer-supported management of collections of finite combinatorial (discrete) objects, in particular graphs with a high degree of symmetry. DiscreteZOO ... More

The almost Einstein operator for $(2, 3, 5)$ distributionsMay 02 2017Nov 07 2017For the geometry of oriented $(2, 3, 5)$ distributions $(M, {\mathbf D})$, which correspond to regular, normal parabolic geometries of type $(\mathrm{G}_2, P)$ for a particular parabolic subgroup $P < \mathrm{G}_2$, we develop the corresponding tractor ... More

Pulse Dynamics in a Chain of Granules With FrictionJul 03 2003We study the dynamics of a pulse in a chain of granules with friction. We present theories for chains of cylindrical granules (Hertz potential with exponent $n=2$) and of granules with other geometries ($n>2$). Our results are supported via numerical ... More

A non-normal Fefferman-type construction of split-signature conformal structures admitting twistor spinorsSep 20 2011We treat a non-normal Fefferman-type construction based on an inclusion $\SL(n+1)\embed\Spin(n+1,n+1)$. The construction associates a split signature $(n,n)$-conformal spin structure to a projective structure of dimension $n$. For $n\geq 3$ the induced ... More

The twistor spinors of generic 2- and 3-distributionsApr 21 2010Generic distributions on 5- and 6-manifolds give rise to conformal structures that were discovered by P. Nurowski resp. R. Bryant. We describe both as Fefferman-type constructions and show that for orientable distributions one obtains conformal spin structures. ... More

Fast k-best Sentence CompressionOct 28 2015A popular approach to sentence compression is to formulate the task as a constrained optimization problem and solve it with integer linear programming (ILP) tools. Unfortunately, dependence on ILP may make the compressor prohibitively slow, and thus approximation ... More

The greedy walk on an inhomogeneous Poisson processNov 29 2016The greedy walk is a deterministic walk that always moves from its current position to the nearest not yet visited point. In this paper we consider the greedy walk on an inhomogeneous Poisson point process on the real line. Our primary interest is whether ... More

Trapping reactions with subdiffusive traps and particles characterized by different anomalous diffusion exponentsOct 21 2005Oct 23 2005A number of results for reactions involving subdiffusive species all with the same anomalous exponent gamma have recently appeared in the literature and can often be understood in terms of a subordination principle whereby time t in ordinary diffusion ... More

Subdiffusion-limited reactionsMay 17 2001We consider the coagulation dynamics A+A -> A and A+A <-> A and the annihilation dynamics A+A -> 0 for particles moving subdiffusively in one dimension. This scenario combines the "anomalous kinetics" and "anomalous diffusion" problems, each of which ... More

Simulation of Deformation and Flow in Fractured, Poroelastic MaterialsJun 18 2016Aug 12 2016We introduce a coupled system of PDEs for the modeling of the fluid-fluid and fluid-solid interaction in a poroelastic material with a single static fracture. The fluid flow in the fracture is modeled by a lower-dimensional Darcy equation, which interacts ... More

A three-sphere swimmer for flagellar synchronizationNov 26 2012Feb 21 2013In a recent letter (Friedrich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109:138102, 2012), a minimal model swimmer was proposed that propels itself at low Reynolds numbers by a revolving motion of a pair of spheres. The motion of the two spheres can synchronize by virtue ... More

Trapping reactions with subdiffusive traps and particlesApr 18 2006Reaction dynamics involving subdiffusive species is an interesting topic with only few known results, especially when the motion of different species is characterized by different anomalous diffusion exponents. Here we study the reaction dynamics of a ... More

The subdiffusive target problem: Survival probabilitySep 19 2007Nov 13 2007The asymptotic survival probability of a spherical target in the presence of a single subdiffusive trap or surrounded by a sea of subdiffusive traps in a continuous Euclidean medium is calculated. In one and two dimensions the survival probability of ... More

Subdiffusion-limited single species reactionsNov 14 2001We consider the coagulation dynamics A+A -> A and the annihilation dynamics A+A -> 0 for particles moving subdiffusively in one dimension, both on a lattice and in a continuum. The analysis combines the "anomalous kinetics" and "anomalous diffusion" problems, ... More

Properties of the reaction front in a reaction-subdiffusion processApr 19 2006We study the reaction front for the process $A+B\to C$ in which the reagents move subdiffusively. We propose a fractional reaction-subdiffusion equation in which both the motion and the reaction terms are affected by the subdiffusive character of the ... More

Comment on "Mean First Passage Time for Anomalous Diffusion"Jan 07 2004We correct a previously erroneous calculation [Phys. Rev. E 62, 6065 (2000)] of the mean first passage time of a subdiffusive process to reach either end of a finite interval in one dimension. The mean first passage time is in fact infinite.

Mapping the dynamics of complex multi-dimensional systems onto a discrete set of states conserving mean first passage times: a Projective Dynamics approachApr 16 2010We consider any dynamical system that starts from a given ensemble of configurations and evolves in time until the system reaches a certain fixed stopping criterion, with the mean first-passage time the quantity of interest. We present a general method, ... More

Sentence-Level Fluency Evaluation: References Help, But Can Be Spared!Sep 24 2018Motivated by recent findings on the probabilistic modeling of acceptability judgments, we propose syntactic log-odds ratio (SLOR), a normalized language model score, as a metric for referenceless fluency evaluation of natural language generation output ... More

Evanescent continuous time random walksSep 30 2013We study how an evanescence process affects the number of distinct sites visited by a continuous time random walker in one dimension. We distinguish two very different cases, namely, when evanescence can only occur concurrently with a jump, and when evanescence ... More

Synchronization of globally coupled two-state stochastic oscillators with a state dependent refractory periodJun 08 2012We present a model of identical coupled two-state stochastic units each of which in isolation is governed by a fixed refractory period. The nonlinear coupling between units directly affects the refractory period, which now depends on the global state ... More

Flavour Tagging at CLICFeb 28 2012We present the performance of the LCFI flavour tagging package in a realistic CLIC environment. The application is demonstrated on the examples of the measurement of the cross section times branching ratio of light Higgs decays to b and c quarks at 3 ... More

Nonequilibrium patterns and shape fluctuations in reactive membranesNov 01 2005A simple kinetic model of a two-component deformable and reactive bilayer is presented. The two differently shaped components are interconverted by a nonequilibrium reaction, and a phenomenological coupling between local composition and curvature is proposed. ... More

Breathers and Thermal Relaxation in Fermi-Pasta-Ulam ArraysOct 15 2002Breather stability and longevity in thermally relaxing nonlinear arrays depend sensitively on their interactions with other excitations. We review the relaxation of breathers in Fermi-Pasta-Ulam arrays, with a specific focus on the different relaxation ... More

Exactly solvable deterministic lattice model of crossover between ballistic and diffusive transportAug 22 2018We discuss a simple deterministic lattice gas of locally interacting charged particles, for which we show coexistence of ballistic and diffusive transport. Both, the ballistic and the diffusive transport coefficients, specifically the Drude weight and ... More

The Odyssey Approach for Optimizing Federated SPARQL QueriesMay 17 2017Nov 02 2017Answering queries over a federation of SPARQL endpoints requires combining data from more than one data source. Optimizing queries in such scenarios is particularly challenging not only because of (i) the large variety of possible query execution plans ... More

Reaction-subdiffusion and reaction-superdiffusion equations for evanescent particles performing continuous time random walksNov 16 2009Starting from a continuous time random walk (CTRW) model of particles that may evanesce as they walk, our goal is to arrive at macroscopic integro-differential equations for the probability density for a particle to be found at point r at time t given ... More

The CMS Silicon Strip Tracker: System Tests and Test Beam ResultsDec 22 2003With a total area of 210 squaremeters and about 15000 single silicon modules the silicon strip tracker of the CMS experiment at the LHC will be the largest silicon strip detector ever built. While the performance of the individual mechanical and electronic ... More

Order statistics for d-dimensional diffusion processesMay 17 2001We present results for the ordered sequence of first passage times of arrival of N random walkers at a boundary in Euclidean spaces of d dimensions.

New relations between $G_2$-geometries in dimensions 5 and 7Jan 15 2016Jan 19 2016There are two well-known parabolic split $G_2$-geometries in dimension five, $(2,3,5)$-distributions and $G_2$-contact structures. Here we link these two geometries with yet another $G_2$-related contact structure, which lives on a seven-manifold. We ... More

Set-oriented numerical computation of rotation setsFeb 20 2017Feb 22 2017We establish a set-oriented algorithm for the numerical approximation of the rotation set of homeomorphisms of the two-torus homotopic to the identity. A theoretical background is given by the concept of {\epsilon}-rotation sets. These are obtained by ... More

Memory-induced anomalous dynamics: emergence of diffusion, subdiffusion, and superdiffusion from a single random walk modelMay 16 2010Jun 21 2010We present a random walk model that exhibits asymptotic subdiffusive, diffusive, and superdiffusive behavior in different parameter regimes. This appears to be the first instance of a single random walk model leading to all three forms of behavior by ... More

Beyond unimodal regression: modelling multimodality with piecewise unimodal regression or deconvolution modelsJun 06 2016Shape constraints enable us to reflect prior knowledge in regression settings. A unimodality constraint, for example, can describe the frequent case of a first increasing and then decreasing intensity. Yet, data shapes often exhibit multiple modes. Therefore, ... More

Arrival statistics and exploration properties of mortal walkersAug 10 2013We study some of the salient features of the arrival statistics and exploration properties of mortal random walkers, that is, walkers that may die as they move, or as they wait to move. Such evanescence or death events have profound consequences for quantities ... More

Survival probability of an immobile target in a sea of evanescent diffusive or subdiffusive traps: a fractional equation approachOct 03 2012We calculate the survival probability of an immobile target surrounded by a sea of uncorrelated diffusive or subdiffusive evanescent traps, i.e., traps that disappear in the course of their motion. Our calculation is based on a fractional reaction-subdiffusion ... More

Top Mass Measurement at CLIC at 500 GeVFeb 15 2012We present a study of the capability of a 500 GeV e+e- collider based on CLIC technology for precision measurements of top quark properties. The analysis is based on full detector simulations of the CLIC_ILD detector concept using Geant4, including realistic ... More

Nuclear wave function interference in single-molecule electron transportJan 09 2006It is demonstrated that non-equilibrium vibrational effects are enhanced in molecular devices for which the effective potential for vibrations is sensitive to the charge state of the device. We calculate the electron tunneling current through a molecule ... More

Energy Relaxation in Fermi-Pasta-Ulam ArraysSep 20 2001The dynamics of energy relaxation in thermalized one- and two-dimensional arrays with nonlinear interactions depend in detail on the interactions and, in some cases, on dimensionality. We describe and explain these differences for arrays of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam ... More

Confinement induces conformational transition of semiflexible polymer rings to figure eight formApr 26 2010Employing Monte Carlo simulations of semiflexible polymer rings in weak spherical confinement a conformational transition to figure eight shaped, writhed configurations is discovered and quantified.

Buckling of stiff polymer rings in weak spherical confinementMar 22 2010Jun 24 2010Confinement is a versatile and well-established tool to study the properties of polymers either to understand biological processes or to develop new nano-biomaterials. We investigate the conformations of a semiflexible polymer ring in weak spherical confinement ... More

Vibration-assisted tunneling through competing molecular statesJun 21 2005We calculate the non-linear tunneling current through a molecule with two electron-accepting orbitals which interact with an intramolecular vibration. We investigate the interplay between Coulomb blockade and non-equilibrium vibration-assisted tunneling ... More

Depth and nonlinearity induce implicit exploration for RLMay 29 2018The question of how to explore, i.e., take actions with uncertain outcomes to learn about possible future rewards, is a key question in reinforcement learning (RL). Here, we show a surprising result: We show that Q-learning with nonlinear Q-function and ... More

Fine Grained Citation Span for References in WikipediaJul 23 2017\emph{Verifiability} is one of the core editing principles in Wikipedia, editors being encouraged to provide citations for the added content. For a Wikipedia article, determining the \emph{citation span} of a citation, i.e. what content is covered by ... More

A Deep Learning Approach for Joint Video Frame and Reward Prediction in Atari GamesNov 21 2016Aug 17 2017Reinforcement learning is concerned with identifying reward-maximizing behaviour policies in environments that are initially unknown. State-of-the-art reinforcement learning approaches, such as deep Q-networks, are model-free and learn to act effectively ... More

The geometry of marked contact Engel structuresSep 17 2018A contact twisted cubic structure (M,C,S) is a 5-dimensional manifold M together with a contact distribution C and a bundle S of twisted cubics that is compatible with the conformal symplectic form on C. In Engel's classical work, the Lie algebra of the ... More

Long Memory in a Linear Stochastic Volterra Differential EquationSep 07 2010In this paper we consider a linear stochastic Volterra equation which has a stationary solution. We show that when the kernel of the fundamental solution is regularly varying at infinity with a log-convex tail integral, then the autocovariance function ... More

A Deep Learning Approach for Joint Video Frame and Reward Prediction in Atari GamesNov 21 2016Reinforcement learning is concerned with learning to interact with environments that are initially unknown. State-of-the-art reinforcement learning approaches, such as DQN, are model-free and learn to act effectively across a wide range of environments ... More

Number of distinct sites visited by a subdiffusive random walkerNov 09 2007Mar 17 2008The asymptotic mean number of distinct sites visited by a subdiffusive continuous time random walker in two dimensions seems not to have been explicitly calculated anywhere in the literature. This number has been calculated for other dimensions for only ... More

Automated News Suggestions for Populating Wikipedia Entity PagesMar 30 2017Wikipedia entity pages are a valuable source of information for direct consumption and for knowledge-base construction, update and maintenance. Facts in these entity pages are typically supported by references. Recent studies show that as much as 20\% ... More

Generalization of an Upper Bound on the Number of Nodes Needed to Achieve Linear SeparabilityFeb 10 2018An important issue in neural network research is how to choose the number of nodes and layers such as to solve a classification problem. We provide new intuitions based on earlier results by An et al. (2015) by deriving an upper bound on the number of ... More

Diffusion in deterministic interacting lattice systemsMay 12 2017We study reversible deterministic dynamics of classical charged particles on a lattice with hard-core interaction. It is rigorously shown that the system exhibits three types of transport phenomena, ranging from ballistic, through diffusive to insulating. ... More

Experimental and causal view on information integration in autonomous agentsJun 14 2016Mar 13 2018The amount of digitally available but heterogeneous information about the world is remarkable, and new technologies such as self-driving cars, smart homes, or the internet of things may further increase it. In this paper we present preliminary ideas about ... More

Exploration and Trapping of Mortal Random WalkersApr 28 2013Jun 18 2013Exploration and trapping properties of random walkers that may evanesce at any time as they walk have seen very little treatment in the literature, and yet a finite lifetime is a frequent occurrence, and its effects on a number of random walk properties ... More

Efficiency at maximum power for classical particle transportAug 09 2012Aug 14 2012We derive the explicit analytic expression for the efficiency at maximum power in a simple model of classical particle transport.

Left lane road electrificationNov 01 2010Oct 29 2012We propose the left-side electrification of multilane motorways in suburban areas as a practical way of implementing on-road charging in order to reduce the weight and price of electrically-powered automobiles. These could then be supplied energy en-route, ... More

Energy Relaxation in Nonlinear One-Dimensional LatticesAug 08 2001Sep 18 2001We study energy relaxation in thermalized one-dimensional nonlinear arrays of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam type. The ends of the thermalized systems are placed in contact with a zero-temperature reservoir via damping forces. Harmonic arrays relax by sequential ... More

A Conceptual Reasoning Approach to Textual EllipsisMay 15 1996We present a hybrid text understanding methodology for the resolution of textual ellipsis. It integrates conceptual criteria (based on the well-formedness and conceptual strength of role chains in a terminological knowledge base) and functional constraints ... More

Coupling highly excited nuclei to the atomic shell in dense astrophysical plasmasApr 25 2014Jul 25 2014In dense astrophysical plasmas, neutron capture populates highly excited nuclear states close to the neutron threshold. The impact of additional low-energy nuclear excitations via coupling to the atomic shell on the ability of the so-formed compound nucleus ... More

Partout: A Distributed Engine for Efficient RDF ProcessingDec 21 2012The increasing interest in Semantic Web technologies has led not only to a rapid growth of semantic data on the Web but also to an increasing number of backend applications with already more than a trillion triples in some cases. Confronted with such ... More

Generation of dynamic structures in nonequilibrium reactive bilayersNov 01 2005We present a nonequlibrium approach for the study of a flexible bilayer whose two components induce distinct curvatures. In turn, the two components are interconverted by an externally promoted reaction. Phase separation of the two species in the surface ... More

Reaction Front in an A+B -> C Reaction-Subdiffusion ProcessJan 07 2004We study the reaction front for the process A+B -> C in which the reagents move subdiffusively. Our theoretical description is based on a fractional reaction-subdiffusion equation in which both the motion and the reaction terms are affected by the subdiffusive ... More

Lacunarity of Han-Nekrasov-Okounkov $q$-seriesJul 12 2018Jul 15 2018A power series is called lacunary if `almost all' of its coefficients are zero. Integer partitions have motivated the classification of lacunary specializations of Han's extension of the Nekrasov-Okounkov formula. More precisely, we consider the modular ... More

Channel Noise Effects on Neural SynchronizationApr 07 2017Synchronization in neural networks is strongly tied to the implementation of cognitive processes, but abnormal neuronal synchronization has been linked to a number of brain disorders such as epilepsy and schizophrenia. Here we examine the effects of channel ... More

Modelling collective motion based on the principle of agencyDec 04 2017Collective motion is an intriguing phenomenon, especially considering that it arises from a set of simple rules governing local interactions between individuals. In theoretical models, these rules are normally \emph{assumed} to take a particular form, ... More

Experimental and causal view on information integration in autonomous agentsJun 14 2016Aug 26 2016The amount of digitally available but heterogeneous information about the world is remarkable, and new technologies such as self-driving cars, smart homes, or the internet of things may further increase it. In this paper we examine certain aspects of ... More

Velocity Distribution in a Viscous Granular GasApr 16 2004Apr 20 2004We investigate the velocity relaxation of a viscous one-dimensional granular gas, that is, one in which neither energy nor momentum is conserved in a collision. Of interest is the distribution of velocities in the gas as it cools, and the time dependence ... More

Dynamics of Two GranulesJun 18 2003We study the dynamics of two particles that interact only when in contact. In this sense, although not in every particular, the interactions mimic those in granular materials. The detailed solution of the dynamics allows an analysis of the backscattering ... More

Asymptotic Dynamics of Breathers in Fermi-Pasta-Ulam ChainsMay 15 2002We study the asymptotic dynamics of breathers in finite Fermi-Pasta-Ulam chains at zero and non-zero temperatures. While such breathers are essentially stationary and very long-lived at zero temperature, thermal fluctuations tend to lead to breather motion ... More

Identifying treatment effect heterogeneity in dose-finding trials using Bayesian hierarchical modelsNov 26 2018An important task in drug development is to identify patients, which respond better or worse to an experimental treatment. Identifying predictive covariates, which influence the treatment effect and can be used to define subgroups of patients, is a key ... More

Why initial system-environment correlations do not imply the failure of complete positivity: a causal perspectiveJun 06 2018Nov 02 2018The common wisdom in the field of quantum information theory is that when a system is initially correlated with its environment, the map describing its evolution may fail to be completely positive. If true, this would have practical and foundational significance. ... More

Memory Lens: How Much Memory Does an Agent Use?Nov 21 2016We propose a new method to study the internal memory used by reinforcement learning policies. We estimate the amount of relevant past information by estimating mutual information between behavior histories and the current action of an agent. We perform ... More