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IGM-Vis: Analyzing Intergalactic and Circumgalactic Medium Absorption Using Quasar Sightlines in a Cosmic Web ContextDec 17 2018This article introduces the Intergalactic Medium Visualization, or 'IGM-Vis', a novel visualization and data analysis platform for investigating galaxies and the gas that surrounds them in context with their larger scale environment, the Cosmic Web. Environment ... More

IGM-Vis: Analyzing Intergalactic and Circumgalactic Medium Absorption Using Quasar Sightlines in a Cosmic Web ContextDec 17 2018Apr 25 2019We introduce IGM-Vis, a novel astrophysics visualization and data analysis application for investigating galaxies and the gas that surrounds them in context with their larger scale environment, the Cosmic Web. Environment is an important factor in the ... More

On the CGM Fundamental Plane: The Halo Mass Dependency of Circumgalactic HIDec 06 2017Aug 07 2018We analyze the equivalent widths of HI Ly-$\alpha$ ($W_{Ly\alpha}$) absorption from the inner (R < 160 kpc) circumgalactic medium (CGM) of 85 galaxies at $z \sim 0$ with stellar masses $M*$ ranging $\rm{8 \leq log M* / M_{\odot} \leq 11.6}$. Across three ... More

Ultraviolet Signatures of the Multiphase Intracluster and Circumgalactic Media in the RomulusC SimulationApr 04 2019Quasar absorption-line studies in the ultraviolet (UV) can uniquely probe the nature of the multiphase cool-warm (10^4 < T < 10^6 K) gas in and around galaxy clusters, promising to provide unprecedented insights into 1) interactions between the circumgalactic ... More

A Deep Search for Faint Galaxies Associated with Very Low-Redshift C IV Absorbers: A Case with Cold-Accretion CharacteristicsNov 18 2013Studies of QSO absorber-galaxy connections are often hindered by inadequate information on whether faint/dwarf galaxies are located near the QSO sight lines. To investigate the contribution of faint galaxies to QSO absorber populations, we are conducting ... More

Warm-hot Gas in X-ray Bright Galaxy Clusters and the H I-deficient Circumgalactic Medium in Dense EnvironmentsMay 16 2017Dec 12 2017We analyze the intracluster medium (ICM) and circumgalactic medium (CGM) in 7 X-ray detected galaxy clusters using spectra of background QSOs (HST-COS/STIS), optical spectroscopy of the cluster galaxies (MMT/Hectospec and SDSS), and X-ray imaging/spectroscopy ... More

Probing the dynamical state, baryon content, and multiphase nature of galaxy clusters with bright background QSOsOct 09 2018We have initiated a programme to study the physical/dynamical state of gas in galaxy clusters and the impact of the cluster environment on gaseous halos of individual galaxies using X-ray imaging and UV absorption line spectroscopy of background QSOs. ... More

The Power Spectrum of the Lyman-$α$ Forest at z < 0.5Aug 16 2018Apr 09 2019We present new measurements of the flux power-spectrum P(k) of the $z<0.5$ HI Lyman-$\alpha$ forest spanning scales k ~ 0.001-0.1 s/km. These results were derived from 65 far ultraviolet quasar spectra (resolution R~18000) observed with the Cosmic Origin ... More

The Power Spectrum of the Lyman-$α$ Forest at z < 0.5Aug 16 2018We present new measurements of the flux power-spectrum P(k) of the z<0.5 H I Lyman-$\alpha$ forest spanning scales k ~ 0.001-0.1 s/km. These results were derived from 65 far ultraviolet quasar spectra (resolution R~18,000) observed with Cosmic Origin ... More

Following the Metals in the Intergalactic and Circumgalactic Medium over Cosmic TimeMar 18 2019The circumgalactic medium (CGM) of galaxies serves as a record of the influences of outflows and accretion that drive the evolution of galaxies. Feedback from star formation drives outflows that carry mass and metals away from galaxies to the CGM, while ... More

The COS-Halos Survey: Metallicities in the Low-Redshift Circumgalactic MediumFeb 08 2017We analyze new far-ultraviolet spectra of 13 quasars from the z~0.2 COS-Halos survey that cover the HI Lyman limit of 14 circumgalactic medium (CGM) systems. These data yield precise estimates or more constraining limits than previous COS-Halos measurements ... More

A Deep Search For Faint Galaxies Associated With Very Low-redshift C IV Absorbers: III. The Mass- and Environment-dependent Circumgalactic MediumDec 02 2015Sep 15 2016Using Hubble Space Telescope Cosmic Origins Spectrograph observations of 89 QSO sightlines through the Sloan Digital Sky Survey footprint, we study the relationships between C IV absorption systems and the properties of nearby galaxies as well as large-scale ... More

A Deep Search For Faint Galaxies Associated With Very Low-redshift C IV Absorbers: II. Program Design, Absorption-line Measurements, and Absorber StatisticsOct 05 2015To investigate the evolution of metal-enriched gas over recent cosmic epochs as well as to characterize the diffuse, ionized, metal-enriched circumgalactic medium (CGM), we have conducted a blind survey for C IV absorption systems in 89 QSO sightlines ... More

The Red Dead Redemption Survey of Circumgalactic Gas About Massive Galaxies. I. Mass and Metallicity of the Cool PhaseNov 26 2018We present a search for HI in the circumgalactic medium (CGM) of 21 massive ($\langle \log M_\star \rangle \sim 11.4$), luminous red galaxies (LRGs) at $z\sim0.5$. Using UV spectroscopy of QSO sightlines projected within 500 kpc ($\sim R_{\rm vir}$) of ... More

Feedback from supermassive black holes transforms centrals into passive galaxies by ejecting circumgalactic gasApr 11 2019Davies et al. (2019) established that for L^* galaxies the fraction of baryons in the circumgalactic medium (CGM) is inversely correlated with the mass of their central supermassive black holes (BHs) in the EAGLE hydrodynamic simulation. The interpretation ... More

The Panchromatic Circumgalactic MediumMar 26 2019Galaxies are surrounded by extended atmospheres, which are often called the circumgalactic medium (CGM) and are the least understood part of galactic ecosystems. The CGM serves as a reservoir of both diffuse, metal-poor gas accreted from the intergalactic ... More

The COS-Dwarfs Survey: The Carbon Reservoir Around sub-L* GalaxiesJun 02 2014Nov 20 2014We report new observations of circumgalactic gas from the COS-Dwarfs survey, a systematic investigation of the gaseous halos around 43 low-mass z $\leq$ 0.1 galaxies using background QSOs observed with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph. From the projected ... More

Extreme circumgalactic HI and CIII absorption around the most massive, quenched galaxiesSep 26 2018Luminous red galaxies (LRGs) are the most massive galaxies at $z\sim 0.5$ and, by selection, have negligible star formation. These objects have halo masses between those of $L_{*}$ galaxies, whose circumgalactic media (CGM) are observed to have large ... More

The COS Absorption Survey of Baryon Harbors (CASBaH): Warm-hot Circumgalactic Gas Reservoirs Traced by Ne VIII AbsorptionOct 15 2018We present a sample of 30 galaxies at 0.49 < z(gal) < 1.44 probed by Ne VIII absorption to study the highly ionized circumgalactic medium (CGM) based on high-S/N ultraviolet spectra of z > 1 QSOs and the galaxy database from the COS Absorption Survey ... More

The RESOLVE Survey Atomic Gas Census and Environmental Influences on Galaxy Gas ReservoirsOct 21 2016We present the HI mass inventory for the RESOLVE survey, a volume-limited, multi-wavelength census of >1500 z=0 galaxies spanning diverse environments and complete in baryonic mass down to dwarfs of 10^9 Msun. This first 21cm data release provides robust ... More

The RESOLVE Survey Atomic Gas Census and Environmental Influences on Galaxy Gas ReservoirsOct 21 2016Nov 01 2016We present the HI mass inventory for the RESOLVE survey, a volume-limited, multi-wavelength census of >1500 z=0 galaxies spanning diverse environments and complete in baryonic mass down to dwarfs of 10^9 Msun. This first 21cm data release provides robust ... More

Ultraviolet Perspectives on Diffuse Gas in the Largest Cosmic StructuresMar 14 2019The past decade has seen an explosion of discoveries and new insights into the diffuse gas within galaxies, galaxy clusters, and the filaments composing the Cosmic Web. A new decade will bring fresh opportunities to further this progress towards developing ... More

The Shape of Saturn's Huygens Ringlet Viewed by Cassini ISSSep 24 2015Oct 07 2015A new model for the shape of the prominent eccentric ringlet in the gap exterior to Saturn's B-ring is developed based on Cassini imaging observations taken over about 8 years. Unlike previous treatments, the new model treats each edge of the ringlet ... More

An N-body Integrator for Gravitating Planetary Rings, and the Outer Edge of Saturn's B RingJun 05 2013Jun 06 2013A new symplectic N-body integrator is introduced, one designed to calculate the global 360 degree evolution of a self-gravitating planetary ring that is in orbit about an oblate planet. This freely-available code is called epi_int, and it is distinct ... More

Quasar Sightline and Galaxy Evolution (QSAGE) Survey - I. The Galaxy Environment of OVI Absorbers up to z=1.4 around PKS 0232-04Sep 14 2018We present the first results from a study of OVI absorption around galaxies at $z<1.44$ using data from a near-infrared grism spectroscopic Hubble Space Telescope Large Program, the Quasar Sightline and Galaxy Evolution (QSAGE) survey. QSAGE is the first ... More

Dynamics of the Sharp Edges of Broad Planetary RingsApr 04 2009(Abridged) The following describes a model of a broad planetary ring whose sharp edge is confined by a satellite's m^th Lindblad resonance (LR). This model uses a streamline formalism to calculate the ring's internal forces, namely, ring gravity, pressure, ... More

Theory of fermion to boson mappings: old wine in new bottlesOct 05 1994After a brief review of various mappings of fermion pairs to bosons, we rigorously derive a general approach. Following the methods of Marumori and Otsuka, Arima, and Iachello, our approach begins with mapping states and constructs boson representations ... More

Fermion to boson mappings revisitedAug 15 1994We briefly review various mappings of fermion pairs to bosons, including those based on mapping operators, such as Belyaev-Zelevinskii, and those on mapping states, such as Marumori; in particular we consider the work of Otsuka-Arima-Iachello, aimed at ... More

Exact, finite, and Hermitian fermion-pair-to-boson mappingNov 10 1993We discuss a general, exact (in that matrix elements are preserved) mapping of fermion pairs to bosons, and find a simple factorization of the boson representation of fermion operators. This leads to boson Hamiltonians that are Hermitian and finite, with ... More

Reduced graphene oxide for control of octahedral distortion in orthorhombic Pbnm perovskiteAug 13 2018Perovskites and related structures are renowned for technologically useful applications. The structural variations in perovskite crystals result in novel properties which can be regulated by external forces. The study attempts to regulate distortion of ... More

Generalized Dual Dynamic Programming for Infinite Horizon Problems in Continuous State and Action SpacesNov 20 2017Oct 04 2018We describe a nonlinear generalization of dual dynamic programming theory and its application to value function estimation for deterministic control problems over continuous state and action spaces, in a discrete-time infinite horizon setting. We prove, ... More

Accelerated Point-wise Maximum Approach to Approximate Dynamic ProgrammingJan 11 2019Mar 15 2019We describe an approximate dynamic programming approach to compute lower bounds on the optimal value function for a discrete time, continuous space, infinite horizon setting. The approach iteratively constructs a family of lower bounding approximate value ... More

Size Effects in the Ginzburg-Landau TheoryApr 22 2015The Ginzburg-Landau theory is analyzed in the case of small dimension superconductors, a couple of orders of magnitude above the coherence length, where the theory is still valid but quantum fluctuations become significant. In this regime, the potential ... More

Accelerated point-wise maximum approach to approximate dynamic programmingJan 11 2019We describe an approximate dynamic programming approach to compute lower bounds on the optimal value function for a discrete time, continuous space, infinite horizon setting. The approach iteratively constructs a family of lower bounding approximate value ... More

Fast, high-resolution surface potential measurements in air with heterodyne Kelvin probe force microscopyJan 11 2016Apr 11 2016Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) adapts an atomic force microscope to measure electric potential on surfaces at nanometer length scales. Here we demonstrate that Heterodyne-KPFM enables scan rates of several frames per minute in air, and concurrently ... More

Shear Selected Cluster Cosmology I: Tomography and Optimal FilteringApr 19 2004Jan 31 2005We study the potential of weak lensing surveys to detect clusters of galaxies, using a fast Particle Mesh cosmological N-body simulation algorithm specifically tailored to investigate the statistics of these mass-selected clusters. In particular, we explore ... More

Pseudo-scheduling: A New Approach to the Broadcast Scheduling ProblemOct 11 2012The broadcast scheduling problem asks how a multihop network of broadcast transceivers operating on a shared medium may share the medium in such a way that communication over the entire network is possible. This can be naturally modeled as a graph coloring ... More

Hermitian boson mapping and finite truncationMay 23 1994Starting from a general, microscopic fermion-to-boson mapping that preserves Hermitian conjugation, we discuss truncations of the boson Fock space basis. We give conditions under which the exact boson images of finite fermion operators are also finite ... More

pdbmine: A Node.js API for the RCSB Protein Data Bank (PDB)Apr 03 2019Summary: The advent of Web-based tools that assist in the analysis and visualization of macromolecules require application programming interfaces (APIs) designed for modern web frameworks. To this end, we have developed a Node.js module pdbmine that allows ... More

Phenomenological correlations in high-temperature superconductorsJul 13 2014An interpretation of the quadratic parameter of the Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductivity is presented in this paper. The negative term in the potential, which allows the spontaneous symmetry breaking, is interpreted as a direct contribution from ... More

Rgbp: An R Package for Gaussian, Poisson, and Binomial Random Effects Models with Frequency Coverage EvaluationsDec 06 2016Rgbp is an R package that provides estimates and verifiable confidence intervals for random effects in two-level conjugate hierarchical models for overdispersed Gaussian, Poisson, and Binomial data. Rgbp models aggregate data from k independent groups ... More

MASON: A Model AgnoStic ObjectNess FrameworkSep 20 2018This paper proposes a simple, yet very effective method to localize dominant foreground objects in an image, to pixel-level precision. The proposed method 'MASON' (Model-AgnoStic ObjectNess) uses a deep convolutional network to generate category-independent ... More

Understanding the circumgalactic medium is critical for understanding galaxy evolutionMar 13 2019Galaxies evolve under the influence of gas flows between their interstellar medium and their surrounding gaseous halos known as the circumgalactic medium (CGM). The CGM is a major reservoir of galactic baryons and metals, and plays a key role in the long ... More

Optimal Control of Rotary MotorsJul 28 2018Single-molecule experiments have found near-perfect thermodynamic efficiency in the rotary motor F1-ATP synthase. To help elucidate the principles underlying nonequilibrium energetic efficiency in such stochastic machines, we investigate driving protocols ... More

Capture and isolation of highly-charged ions in a unitary Penning trapDec 02 2013We recently used a compact Penning trap to capture and isolate highly-charged ions extracted from an electron beam ion trap (EBIT) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Isolated charge states of highly-stripped argon and neon ions ... More

C4Synth: Cross-Caption Cycle-Consistent Text-to-Image SynthesisSep 20 2018Generating an image from its description is a challenging task worth solving because of its numerous practical applications ranging from image editing to virtual reality. All existing methods use one single caption to generate a plausible image. A single ... More

Avoided Critical Behavior in O(n) SystemsAug 31 1998Oct 12 1998Long-range frustrating interactions, even if their strength is infinitesimal, can give rise to a dramatic proliferations of ground or near-ground states. As a consequence, the ordering temperature can exhibit a discontinuous drop as a function of the ... More

Absence of Scaling in the Integer Quantum Hall EffectJun 18 1998Jun 24 1998We have studied the conductivity peak in the transition region between the two lowest integer Quantum Hall states using transmission measurements of edge magnetoplasmons. The width of the transition region is found to increase linearly with frequency ... More

Analysis of Computer Experiments with Functional ResponseNov 07 2012This paper is motivated by a computer experiment conducted for optimizing residual stresses in the machining of metals. Although kriging is widely used in the analysis of computer experiments, it cannot be easily applied to model the residual stresses ... More

Using Humanoid Robot to Instruct and Evaluate Performance of a Physical TaskMay 06 2018In this paper, we present a tool to assess users ability to change tasks. To do this, we use a variation of the Box and Blocks Test. In this version, a humanoid robot instructs a user to perform a task involving the movement of certain colored blocks. ... More

Two-field optical methods to control magnetic Feshbach resonancesNov 04 2015Using an optically-trapped mixture of the two lowest hyperfine states of a $^6$Li Fermi gas, we observe two-field optical tuning of the narrow Feshbach resonance by up to 3 G and an increase in spontaneous lifetime near the broad resonance from $0.5$ ... More

Astronomy of Cholanaikkan tribe of KeralaFeb 14 2017Cholanaikkans are a diminishing tribe of India. With a population of less than 200 members, this tribe living in the reserved forests about 80 km from Kozhikode, it is one of the most isolated tribes. A programme of the Government of Kerala brings some ... More

Highly Charged Ions in Rare Earth Permanent Magnet Penning TrapsJul 13 2012A newly constructed apparatus at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is designed for the isolation, manipulation, and study of highly charged ions. Highly charged ions are produced in the NIST electron-beam ion trap (EBIT), extracted ... More

An effective mean field theory for the coexistence of anti-ferromagnetism and superconductivity: Applications to iron-based superconductors and cold Bose-Fermi atomic mixturesMay 23 2016Aug 30 2016We study an effective fermion model on a square lattice to investigate the cooperation and competition of superconductivity and anti-ferromagnetism. In addition to particle tunneling and on-site interaction, a bosonic excitation mediated attractive interaction ... More

Embedding Half-Edge Graphs in Punctured SurfacesAug 29 2017Sep 05 2017It is known that graphs cellularly embedded into surfaces are equivalent to ribbon graphs. In this work, we generalize this statement to broader classes of graphs and surfaces. Half-edge graphs extend abstract graphs and are useful in quantum field theory ... More

Recipe theorems for polynomial invariants on ribbon graphs with half-edgesOct 26 2014We provide recipe theorems for the Bollob\`as and Riordan polynomial $\mathcal{R}$ defined on classes of ribbon graphs with half-edges introduced in arXiv:1310.3708[math.GT]. We also define a generalized transition polynomial $Q$ on this new category ... More

The Central Component of Gravitational Lens Q0957+561Jan 25 2008In 1981, a faint radio source (G') was detected near the center of the lensing galaxy of the famous "twin quasar" Q0957+561. It is still unknown whether this central radio source is a third quasar image or an active nucleus of the lensing galaxy, or a ... More

Black Holes and Galactic Density Cusps : From Black Hole to BulgeNov 12 2009Nov 12 2010Aims. In this paper we continue our study of density cusps that may contain central black holes. Methods. We recall our attempts to use distribution functions with a memory of self-similar relaxation, but mostly they apply only in restricted regions of ... More

Black holes and Galactic density cusps -- I. Radial orbit cusps and bulgesNov 12 2009Mar 20 2011In this paper, we study the distribution functions that arise naturally during self-similar radial infall of collisionless matter. Such matter may be thought of either as stars or as dark matter particles. If a rigorous steady state is assumed, then the ... More

Symmetries and Decoherence of Two-Component Confined Atomic Clouds: Study of the Atomic Echo in the two-component Bose-Einstein CondensateJun 28 2001Jul 12 2001Implications of the internal symmetries on the dynamics of the trapped two-component atomic vapors are discussed. In the cases of $^{87}$Rb (bosons) as well as of $^{40}$K (fermions) trapped in the two hyperfine states, the intrinsic $su(2)$ symmetry ... More

A New System of Parallel Isolated Nonthermal Filaments Near the Galactic Center: Evidence for a Local Magnetic Field GradientAug 22 2001We report the discovery of a system of isolated nonthermal filaments approximately 0.5 deg. northwest (75 pc in projection) of Sgr A. Unlike other isolated nonthermal filaments which show subfilamentation, braiding of subfilaments, and flaring at their ... More

Penning traps with unitary architecture for storage of highly charged ionsFeb 28 2012Penning traps are made extremely compact by embedding rare-earth permanent magnets in the electrode structure. Axially-oriented NdFeB magnets are used in unitary architectures that couple the electric and magnetic components into an integrated structure. ... More

Convergence of Nearest Neighbor Pattern Classification with Selective SamplingSep 06 2013In the panoply of pattern classification techniques, few enjoy the intuitive appeal and simplicity of the nearest neighbor rule: given a set of samples in some metric domain space whose value under some function is known, we estimate the function anywhere ... More

Can coarse-graining introduce long-range correlations in a symbolic sequence?Sep 02 2004We present an exactly solvable mean-field-like theory of correlated ternary sequences which are actually systems with two independent parameters. Depending on the values of these parameters, the variance on the average number of any given symbol shows ... More

The effect of patch potentials in Casimir force measurements determined by heterodyne Kelvin probe force microscopySep 17 2014Measurements of the Casimir force require the elimination of electrostatic interactions between the surfaces. However, due to electrostatic patch potentials, the voltage required to minimize the total force may not be sufficient to completely nullify ... More

Beyond the Damping Tail: Cross-Correlating the Kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect with Cosmic ShearSep 11 2003Sep 16 2003Secondary anisotropies of the CMB have the potential to reveal intricate details about the history of our universe between the present and recombination epochs. However, because the CMB we observe is the projected sum of a multitude of effects, the interpretation ... More

Atomic Convolutional Networks for Predicting Protein-Ligand Binding AffinityMar 30 2017Empirical scoring functions based on either molecular force fields or cheminformatics descriptors are widely used, in conjunction with molecular docking, during the early stages of drug discovery to predict potency and binding affinity of a drug-like ... More

On the Location and Composition of the Dust in the MCG-6-30-15 Warm AbsorberAug 01 2003Hubble Space Telescope images of MCG-6-30-15 show a dust lane crossing the galaxy just below the nucleus. In this paper, we argue that this dust lane is responsible for the observed reddening of the nuclear emission and the Fe I edge hinted at in the ... More

A Polynomial Invariant for Rank 3 Weakly-Colored Stranded GraphsJan 09 2013Apr 01 2013The Bollobas-Riordan polynomial [Math. Ann. 323, 81 (2002)] is a universal polynomial invariant for ribbon graphs. We find an extension of this polynomial for a particular family of graphs called rank 3 weakly-colored stranded graphs. These graphs live ... More

Recurrent Exponential-Family Harmoniums without Backprop-Through-TimeMay 19 2016Exponential-family harmoniums (EFHs), which extend restricted Boltzmann machines (RBMs) from Bernoulli random variables to other exponential families (Welling et al., 2005), are generative models that can be trained with unsupervised-learning techniques, ... More

The zero-energy state in graphene in a high magnetic fieldAug 14 2007Dec 05 2007The fate of the charge-neutral Dirac point in graphene in a high magnetic field $H$ has been investigated at low temperatures ($T\sim$ 0.3 K). In samples with small $V_0$ (the gate voltage needed to access the Dirac point), the resistance $R_0$ at the ... More

A Performance Estimator for Quantum Annealers: Gauge selection and Parameter SettingMar 03 2015With the advent of large-scale quantum annealing devices, several challenges have emerged. For example, it has been shown that the performance of a device can be significantly affected by several degrees of freedom when programming the device; a common ... More

Classes of f-Deformed Landau Operators: Nonlinear Noncommutative Coordinates from Algebraic RepresentationsDec 03 2008We consider, in a superspace, new operator dependent noncommutative (NC) geometries of the nonlinear quantum Hall limit related to classes of f-deformed Landau operators in the spherical harmonic well. Different NC coordinate algebras are determined using ... More

Complex dynamics and development of behavioural individualityMar 22 2018Behavioural differences may arise in the absence of genetic or environmental variation. Chaotic dynamics may influence behavioural development, and so this among-individual variation. We discuss methods and experimental designs to test this idea. Ultimately, ... More

Universality for polynomial invariants on ribbon graphs with flagsOct 14 2013In this paper, we analyze the Bollobas and Riordan polynomial for ribbon graphs with flags introduced in arXiv:1301.1987 and prove its universality. We also show that this polynomial can be defined on some equivalence classes of ribbon graphs involving ... More

Extending Tutte and Bollobás-Riordan Polynomials to Rank 3 Weakly-Colored Stranded GraphsJan 09 2013Aug 24 2017The Bollob\'as-Riordan polynomial [Math. Ann. 323, 81 (2002)] is a universal polynomial invariant for ribbon graphs. We find an extension of this polynomial for a particular family of combinatorial objects called rank 3 weakly-colored stranded graphs. ... More

Gemini H-band imaging of the field of a z=10 candidateSep 21 2004We present a deep H-band image of the field of a candidate z=10 galaxy magnified by the foreground (z=0.25) cluster A1835. The image was obtained with NIRI on Gemini North to better constrain the photometry and investigate the morphology of the source. ... More

A study on the curling number of graph classesDec 03 2015Jun 21 2016Given a finite nonempty sequence $S$ of integers, write it as $XY^k$, consisting of a prefix $X$ (which may possibly be empty), followed by $k$ copies of a non-empty string $Y$. Then, the greatest such integer $k$ is called the curling number of $S$ and ... More

A Catalog of the Most Optically Luminous Galaxies at z<0.3: Super Spirals, Super Lenticulars, Super Post-Mergers, and Giant EllipticalsApr 04 2019We present a catalog of the 1525 most optically luminous galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) with r-band luminosity L_r > 8L* and redshift z<0.3, including 84 super spirals, 15 super lenticulars, 14 super post-merger galaxies, and 1400 giant ... More

A formalism for studying long-range correlations in many-alphabets sequencesSep 02 2004Sep 13 2005We formulate a mean-field-like theory of long-range correlated $L$-alphabets sequences, which are actually systems with $(L-1)$ independent parameters. Depending on the values of these parameters, the variance on the average number of any given symbol ... More

Measurement of the Kr XVIII 3d $^2D_{5/2}$ lifetime at low energy in a unitary Penning trapApr 24 2014A different technique is used to study the radiative decay of a metastable state in multiply ionized atoms. With use of a unitary Penning trap to selectively capture Kr$^{17+}$ ions from an ion source at NIST, the decay of the 3d $^2D_{5/2}$ metastable ... More

Dynamic optical properties of metal hydridesAug 22 2018Sep 04 2018Metal hydrides often display dramatic changes in optical properties upon hydrogenation. These shifts make them prime candidates for many tunable optical devices, such as optical hydrogen sensors and switchable mirrors. While some of these metals, such ... More

Centrifugal Effects in a Bose-Einstein CondensateJul 17 1996Single particle states in the atomic trap employing the rotating magnetic field are found using the full time-dependent instantaneous trapping potential. These states are compared with those of the effective time-averaged potential. We show that the trapping ... More

The Exploration of the UnknownOct 08 2004Nov 26 2004The Square Kilometre Array is conceived as a telescope which will both test fundamental physical laws and transform our current picture of the Universe. However, the scientific challenges outlined in this book are today's problems--will they still be ... More

RE L$_{3}$ X-ray absorption study of REO$_{1-x}$F$_{x}$FeAs (RE=La, Pr, Nd, Sm) oxypnictidesOct 12 2009Rare-earth L$_{3}$-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy has been used to study REOFeAs (RE=La, Pr, Nd, Sm) oxypnictides. The Nd L$_{3}$ XANES due to 2p$_{3/2}\to5\epsilon$d transition shows a substantial change in both white ... More

The Radio Wavelength Time Delay of Gravitational Lens 0957+561Jul 11 1998The gravitational lens 0957+561 was monitored with the Very Large Array from 1979 to 1997. The 6 cm light curve data from 1995-1997 and the 4 cm data from 1990-1997 are reported here. At 4 cm, the intrinsic source variations occur earlier and are twice ... More

Modeling the dynamics of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) within single cells and 3D cell culture systemsSep 17 2014Sep 22 2014HIF (Hypoxia Inducible Factor) is an oxygen-regulated transcription factor that mediates the intracellular response to hypoxia in human cells. There is increasing evidence that cell signaling pathways encode temporal information, and thus cell fate may ... More

Effect of lateral tip motion on multifrequency atomic force microscopyApr 19 2017Jul 19 2017In atomic force microscopy (AFM), the angle relative to the vertical ($\theta_{i}$) that the tip apex of a cantilever moves is determined by the tilt of the probe holder and the geometries of the cantilever and actuated eigenmode $i$. Even though the ... More

Magnetism in C60 Films Induced by Proton IrradiationMar 13 2005Mar 22 2005It is shown that polycrystalline fullerene thin films on hydrogen passivated Si(111) substrates irradiated by 2 MeV protons displays ferromagnetic-like behavior at 5 K. At 300 K both the pristine and the irradiated film show diamagnetic behavior. Magnetization ... More

Detection of Sagittarius A* at 330 MHz with the Very Large ArrayDec 08 2003We report the detection of Sagittarius A*, the radio source associated with our Galaxy's central massive black hole, at 330 MHz with the Very Large Array. Implications for the spectrum and emission processes of Sagittarius A* are discussed and several ... More

Water and methanol in low-mass protostellar outflows: gas-phase synthesis, ice sputtering and destructionFeb 28 2014Water in outflows from protostars originates either as a result of gas-phase synthesis from atomic oxygen at T > 200 K, or from sputtered ice mantles containing water ice. We aim to quantify the contribution of the two mechanisms that lead to water in ... More

New Nonthermal Filaments at the Galactic Center: Are They Tracing a Globally Ordered Magnetic Field?Feb 03 2004New high-resolution, wide-field 90 cm VLA observations of the Galactic Center region by Nord et al. have revealed twenty nonthermal filament (NTF) candidates. We report 6 cm polarization observations of six of these. All of the candidates have the expected ... More

Sensitivity and accuracy of Casimir force measurements in airNov 17 2018Quantum electrodynamic fluctuations cause an attractive force between metallic surfaces. At separations where the finite speed of light affects the interaction, it is called the Casimir force. Thermal motion determines the fundamental sensitivity limits ... More

Long term Ultra-Violet Variability of Seyfert galaxiesOct 13 2018Flux variability is one of the defining characteristics of Seyfert galaxies, a class of active galactic nuclei (AGN). Though these variations are observed over a wide range of wavelengths, results on their flux variability characteristics in the ultra-violet ... More

A Quantum Annealing Approach for Fault Detection and Diagnosis of Graph-Based SystemsJun 30 2014Oct 02 2014Diagnosing the minimal set of faults capable of explaining a set of given observations, e.g., from sensor readouts, is a hard combinatorial optimization problem usually tackled with artificial intelligence techniques. We present the mapping of this combinatorial ... More

The 6 cm Light Curves of B0957+561, 1979-1994: New Features and Implications for the Time DelayJul 16 1996Nov 26 1996We report on 15 years of VLA monitoring of the gravitational lens B0957+561 at 6 cm. Since our last report in 1992, there have been 32 additional observations, in which both images have returned to their quiescent flux density levels and the A image has ... More

New Variable Stars in the Globular Cluster NGC 6584May 04 2012Using the Southeastern Association for Research in Astronomy 0.6 meter telescope located at Cerro Tololo, we searched for variable stars in the southern globular cluster NGC 6584. We obtained images during 8 nights between 28 May and 6 July of 2011. After ... More

Rapid, Machine-Learned Resource Allocation: Application to High-redshift GRB Follow-upDec 15 2011As the number of observed Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) continues to grow, follow-up resources need to be used more efficiently in order to maximize science output from limited telescope time. As such, it is becoming increasingly important to rapidly identify ... More

Some New Results on the Curling Number of GraphsOct 01 2015Aug 09 2016Let $S=S_1S_2S_3\ldots S_n$ be a finite string. Write $S$ in the form $XYY\ldots Y=XY^k$, consisting of a prefix $X$ (which may be empty), followed by $k$ copies of a non-empty string $Y$. Then, the greatest value of this integer $k$ is called the curling ... More

Distributed Gradient Descent in Bacterial Food SearchApr 11 2016Communication and coordination play a major role in the ability of bacterial cells to adapt to ever changing environments and conditions. Recent work has shown that such coordination underlies several aspects of bacterial responses including their ability ... More