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Optimization of the Orbiting Wide-angle Light Collectors (OWL) Mission for Charged-Particle and Neutrino AstronomyJul 15 2013OWL uses the Earth's atmosphere as a vast calorimeter to fully enable the emerging field of charged-particle astronomy with high-statistics measurements of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECR) and a search for sources of UHE neutrinos and photons. Confirmation ... More

Extending the n=2 Ruddlesden-Popper Solid Solution La2-2xSr1+2xMn2O7 Beyond x=0.5: Synthesis of Mn4+-rich CompoundsApr 06 1999We report the synthesis and room temperature crystal structures of the heretofore unknown, metastable manganites La2-2xSr1+2xMn2O7+delta (0.5 < x < 0.9) via high-temperature (T=1650 C) quenching followed by low-temperature (T=400 C) annealing to fill ... More

Solving Linear Programs with Complementarity Constraints using Branch-and-CutFeb 08 2018A linear program with linear complementarity constraints (LPCC) requires the minimization of a linear objective over a set of linear constraints together with additional linear complementarity constraints. This class has emerged as a modeling paradigm ... More

The Potential of Spaced-based High-Energy Neutrino Measurements via the Airshower Cherenkov SignalSep 29 2011Future space-based experiments, such as OWL and JEM-EUSO, view large atmospheric and terrestrial neutrino targets. With energy thresholds slightly above 10^19 eV for observing airshowers via air fluorescence, the potential for observing the cosmogenic ... More

A Review of chi_cJ Decays at BESIII and CLEO-cAug 31 2012The latest results on chi_cJ(1P) decays from BESIII and CLEO-c are reviewed and compared to theoretical predictions. The experimental results use the final samples of chi_cJ(1P) decays from CLEO-c, obtained from 26 million psi(2S) decays, and the most ... More

PWA of 3pi Final States and a Search for the pi1(1600)Oct 27 2005Partial wave analyses (PWA) of the 3pi systems in the reactions pi- p --> pi+ pi- pi- p (the ``charged'' mode) and pi- p --> pi- pi0 pi0 p (the ``neutral'' mode) with an 18.3 GeV/c pion beam were performed using high statistics data from the E852 experiment. ... More

Recent Results on Charmonium Decays at CLEO-cFeb 16 2011Feb 17 2011The CLEO-c Experiment has made several recent contributions to the study of charmonium decays. This review briefly outlines the CLEO-c analyses of charmonium that were completed or made public during 2010. Special attention is given to the discovery of ... More

Bottomonium and Charmonium at CLEOMay 21 2007The bottomonium and charmonium systems have long proved to be a rich source of QCD physics. Recent CLEO contributions in three disparate areas are presented: (1) the study of quark and gluon hadronization using $\Upsilon$ decays; (2) the interpretation ... More

An Experimental Review of CharmoniumOct 17 2008This review briefly outlines recent experimental results from the charmonium system. These include new measurements of the M1 radiative transition rates $B(\psi(1S,2S)\to\gamma\eta_c(1S))$; new insights into the mass of the $\eta_c(1S)$; the observation ... More

Lithium Ion Solvation and Diffusion in Bulk Organic Electrolytes from First Principles and Classical Reactive Molecular DynamicsFeb 26 2015Lithium-ion battery performance is strongly influenced by the ionic conductivity of the electrolyte, which depends on the speed at which Li ions migrate across the cell and relates to their solvation structure. The choice of solvent can greatly impact ... More

Invariant manifolds and the geometry of front propagation in fluid flowsMay 07 2012Recent theoretical and experimental work has demonstrated the existence of one-sided, invariant barriers to the propagation of reaction-diffusion fronts in quasi-two-dimensional periodically-driven fluid flows. These barriers were called burning invariant ... More

A turnstile mechanism for fronts propagating in fluid flowsMay 22 2013We consider the propagation of fronts in a periodically driven flowing medium. It is shown that the progress of fronts in these systems may be mediated by a turnstile mechanism akin to that found in chaotic advection. We first define the modified ("active") ... More

Finite-time barriers to front propagation in two-dimensional fluid flowsMar 27 2015Recent theoretical and experimental investigations have demonstrated the role of certain invariant manifolds, termed burning invariant manifolds (BIMs), as one-way dynamical barriers to reaction fronts propagating within a flowing fluid. These barriers ... More

Graham's Number is Less Than 2^^^6Apr 25 2013Aug 25 2013In [5] Graham and Rothschild consider a geometric Ramsey problem: finding the least n such that if all edges of the complete graph on the points {+1,-1}^n are 2-colored, there exist 4 coplanar points such that the 6 edges between them are monochromatic. ... More

Observation of D^+ to eta e^+ nu_eFeb 28 2008Aug 03 2009Using a 281 pb^-1 data sample collected at the psi(3770) resonance with the CLEO-c detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we report the first observation of D^+ to eta e^+ nu_e. We also set upper limits for D^+ to eta' e^+ nu_e and D^+ to phi ... More

Hawkes process as a model of social interactions: a view on video dynamicsJul 22 2009Jan 05 2010We study by computer simulation the "Hawkes process" that was proposed in a recent paper by Crane and Sornette (Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 15649 (2008)) as a plausible model for the dynamics of YouTube video viewing numbers. We test the claims made ... More

J/psi and psi(2S) Radiative Transitions to eta_cMay 02 2008Jan 05 2009Using 24.5 million psi(2S) decays collected with the CLEO-c detector at CESR we present the most precise measurements of magnetic dipole transitions in the charmonium system. We measure B(psi(2S)->gamma eta_c) = (4.32+/-0.16+/-0.60)x10^-3, B(J/psi->gamma ... More

Invariant barriers to reactive front propagation in fluid flowsAug 04 2011Mar 07 2012We present theory and experiments on the dynamics of reaction fronts in two-dimensional, vortex-dominated flows, for both time-independent and periodically driven cases. We find that the front propagation process is controlled by one-sided barriers that ... More

The covering lemma up to a Woodin cardinalFeb 18 1997A cardinal kappa is countably closed if mu^omega < kappa whenever mu < kappa. Assume that there is no inner model with a Woodin cardinal and that every set has a sharp. Let K be the core model. Assume that kappa is a countably closed cardinal and that ... More

Intrinsic chemical and structural inhomogeneity in lightly doped La(1-x)Sr(x)MnO(3)Jul 31 2001X-ray absorption fine structure measurements of the Sr and La K edges of the solid solution La(1-x)Sr(x)MnO(3) reveal a consistent deviation from a random distribution of Sr at the La/Sr sites for x~0.3. Local structural disorder on the cation sublattice ... More

Flexible Dynamic Information Flow Control in the Presence of ExceptionsJul 05 2012We describe a new, dynamic, floating-label approach to language-based information flow control. A labeled IO monad, LIO, keeps track of a current label and permits restricted access to IO functionality. The current label floats to exceed the labels of ... More

Privacy-Preserving Shortest Path ComputationJan 10 2016Navigation is one of the most popular cloud computing services. But in virtually all cloud-based navigation systems, the client must reveal her location and destination to the cloud service provider in order to learn the fastest route. In this work, we ... More

Viscous erosion with a generalized traction integral equationApr 15 2016A double-layer integral equation for the surface tractions on a body moving in a viscous fluid is derived, allowing for the incorporation of a background flow and/or the presence of a plane wall. The Lorentz reciprocal theorem is used to link the surface ... More

Weight and rank of matrices over finite fieldsMar 18 2004Define the weight of a matrix to be the number of non-zero entries. One would like to count $m$ by $n$ matrices over a finite field by their weight and rank. This is equivalent to determining the probability distribution of the weight while conditioning ... More

Uncertainties in the attribution of greenhouse gas warming and implications for climate predictionJun 16 2016Using optimal detection techniques with climate model simulations, most of the observed increase of near surface temperatures over the second half of the twentieth century is attributed to anthropogenic influences. However, the partitioning of the anthropogenic ... More

Data Representation and Compression Using Linear-Programming ApproximationsNov 20 2015May 03 2016We propose `Dracula', a new framework for unsupervised feature selection from sequential data such as text. Dracula learns a dictionary of $n$-grams that efficiently compresses a given corpus and recursively compresses its own dictionary; in effect, Dracula ... More

Two-channel Kondo phases and frustration-induced transitions in triple quantum dotsOct 27 2009Mar 09 2010We consider a ring of three quantum dots mutually coupled by antiferromagnetic exchange interactions, and tunnel-coupled to two metallic leads: the simplest device in which the consequences of local frustration arising from internal degrees of freedom ... More

Accurate Transfer Maps for Realistic Beamline Elements: Part I, Straight ElementsJan 09 2010May 06 2010The behavior of orbits in charged-particle beam transport systems, including both linear and circular accelerators as well as final focus sections and spectrometers, can depend sensitively on nonlinear fringe-field and high-order-multipole effects in ... More

Magnetic domain tuning and the emergence of bubble domains in the bilayer manganite La$_{2-2x}$Sr$_{1+2x}$Mn$_2$O$_7$ (x=0.32)Aug 14 2015We report a magnetic force microscopy study of the magnetic domain evolution in the layered manganite La$_{2-2x}$Sr$_{1+2x}$Mn$_2$O$_7$ (with $x=0.32$). This strongly correlated electron compound is known to exhibit a wide range of magnetic phases, including ... More

NLTE 1.5D Modeling of Red Giant StarsApr 28 2014Spectra for 2D stars in the 1.5D approximation are created from synthetic spectra of 1D non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) spherical model atmospheres produced by the PHOENIX code. The 1.5D stars have the spatially averaged Rayleigh-Jeans flux ... More

Sedimentation of spheroidal bodies near walls in viscous fluids: glancing, reversing, tumbling, and slidingSep 29 2014Mar 15 2015The sedimentation of a rigid particle near a wall in a viscous fluid has been studied numerically by many authors, but analytical solutions have been derived only for special cases such as the motion of spherical particles. In this paper the method of ... More

Random Matrices and Chaos in Nuclear PhysicsJul 07 2008The authors review the evidence for the applicability of random--matrix theory to nuclear spectra. In analogy to systems with few degrees of freedom, one speaks of chaos (more accurately: quantum chaos) in nuclei whenever random--matrix predictions are ... More

Results from Electron-Positron Collisions at BESIIINov 15 2016A selection of results from electron-positron collisions at BESIII are reviewed. The results presented here illustrate the wide range of physics topics that can be studied using the Beijing Electron Positron Collider~(BEPC). At low collision energies, ... More

Modeling radiation in particle clouds: On the importance of inter-particle radiation for pulverized solid fuel combustionApr 25 2014The importance of inter-particle radiation for clusters of gray and diffuse particles is investigated. The radiative cooling of each individual particle is found to vary strongly with its position in the cluster, and a mean radiative particle cooling ... More

Dalitz Plot Analysis of Ds to K+K-pi+Mar 06 2009We perform a Dalitz plot analysis of the decay Ds to K+K-pi+ with the CLEO-c data set of 586/pb of e+e- collisions accumulated at sqrt(s) = 4.17 GeV. This corresponds to about 0.57 million D_s+D_s(*)- pairs from which we select 14400 candidates with a ... More

Frozen reaction fronts in steady flows: a burning-invariant-manifold perspectiveMar 27 2015The dynamics of fronts, such as chemical reaction fronts, propagating in two-dimensional fluid flows can be remarkably rich and varied. For time-invariant flows, the front dynamics may simplify, settling in to a steady state in which the reacted domain ... More

Superconducting Resonators with Parasitic Electromagnetic EnvironmentsMar 20 2012Parasitic electromagnetic fields are shown to strongly suppress the quality (Q)-factor of superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators via non-local dissipation in the macroscopic environment. Numerical simulation and low temperature measurements demonstrate ... More

Development and application of a particle-particle particle-mesh Ewald method for dispersion interactionsOct 30 2012Apr 24 2013For inhomogeneous systems with interfaces, the inclusion of long-range dispersion interactions is necessary to achieve consistency between molecular simulation calculations and experimental results. For accurate and efficient incorporation of these contributions, ... More

Heavy-Quark QCD ExoticaOct 14 2016This review presents an overview of the remarkable progress in the field of heavy-quark exotic hadrons over the past 15 years. It seeks to be pedagogical rather than exhaustive, summarizing both the progress and specific results of experimental discoveries, ... More

Cavity optomechanics in gallium phosphide microdisksSep 24 2013May 29 2014We demonstrate gallium phosphide (GaP) microdisk optical cavities with intrinsic quality factors $ > 2.8\times10^{5}$ and mode volumes $< 10 (\lambda/n)^3$, and study their nonlinear and optomechanical properties. For optical intensities up to $8.0\times10^4$ ... More

Uncertainties in the analysis of neutron resonance dataSep 11 2012May 27 2014Recent analyses of the distribution of reduced neutron widths in the Nuclear Data Ensemble (NDE) and in the Pt isotopes find strong disagreement with predictions of random-matrix theory. These analyses combine the maximum-likelihood method with a cutoff ... More

Random Matrices and Chaos in Nuclear Physics: Nuclear ReactionsJan 14 2010The application of random-matrix theory (RMT) to compound-nucleus (CN) reactions is reviewed. An introduction into the basic concepts of nuclear scattering theory is followed by a survey of phenomenological approaches to CN scattering. The implementation ... More

Gate voltage effects in capacitively coupled quantum dotsNov 08 2006We study a system of two symmetrical capacitively coupled quantum dots, each coupled to its own metallic lead, focusing on its evolution as a function of the gate voltage applied to each dot. Using the numerical renormalization group and poor man's scaling ... More

NLTE and LTE Lick indices for red giants from [M/H] 0.0 to -6.0 at SDSS and IDS spectral resolutionAug 19 2015We investigate the dependence of the complete system of 22 Lick indices on overall metallicity scaled from solar abundances, [M/H], from the solar value, 0.0, down to the extremely-metal-poor (XMP) value of -6.0, for late-type giant stars (MK luminosity ... More

Radiation-Driven Warping: The Origin of Warps and Precession in Accretion DisksDec 11 1996A geometrically thin, optically thick, warped accretion disk with a central source of luminosity is subject to non-axisymmetric forces due to radiation pressure; the resulting torque acts to modify the warp. In a recent paper, \cite{pri96} used a local ... More

Real-space post-processing correction of thermal drift and piezoelectric actuator nonlinearities in scanning tunneling microscope imagesOct 26 2016We have developed a real-space method to correct distortion due to thermal drift and piezoelectric actuator nonlinearities on scanning tunneling microscope images using Matlab. The method uses the known structures typically present in high-resolution ... More

The Evolutionary Status of SS433Dec 18 1999We consider possible evolutionary models for SS 433. We assume that common-envelope evolution is avoided if radiation pressure is able to expel most of a super-Eddington accretion flow from a region smaller than the accretor's Roche lobe. This condition ... More

Cyclotron Maser Emission from Blazar Jets?Feb 07 2005We consider the production of electron cyclotron maser emission by low-density, highly magnetized plasmas in relativistic jets. The population inversion required to drive cyclotron maser instability could occur in localized, transient sites where hydromagnetic ... More

Hydrodynamical Non-radiative Accretion Flows in Two-DimensionsAug 17 1999Two-dimensional (axially symmetric) numerical hydrodynamical calculations of accretion flows which cannot cool through emission of radiation are presented. The calculations begin from an equilibrium configuration consisting of a thick torus with constant ... More

Multiple magnetic impurities on surfaces: Scattering and quasiparticle interferenceApr 21 2015Jun 15 2015We study systems of multiple interacting quantum impurities deposited on a metallic surface in a 3D host. For the real-space two-impurity problem, using numerical renormalization group calculations, a rich range of behavior is shown to arise due to the ... More

Physics Accomplishments and Future Prospects of the BES Experiments at the BEPC ColliderMar 31 2016The cornerstone of the Chinese experimental particle physics program consists of a series of experiments performed in the tau-charm energy region. China began building e+e- colliders at the Institute for High Energy Physics in Beijing more than three ... More

Measurements of Compton Scattered Transition Radiation at High Lorentz FactorsSep 17 2002Feb 05 2004X-ray transition radiation can be used to measure the Lorentz factor of relativistic particles. Standard transition radiation detectors (TRDs) typically incorporate thin plastic foil radiators and gas-filled x-ray detectors, and are sensitive up to \gamma ... More

Quasiparticle interference from magnetic impuritiesMar 16 2015Jul 13 2015Fourier transform scanning tunneling spectroscopy (FT-STS) measures the scattering of conduction electrons from impurities and defects, giving information about the electronic structure of both the host material and adsorbed impurities. We interpret such ... More

Two-channel Kondo physics in two-impurity Kondo modelsNov 28 2011We consider the non-Fermi liquid quantum critical state of the spin-S two-impurity Kondo model, and its potential realization in a quantum dot device. Using conformal field theory (CFT) and the numerical renormalization group (NRG), we show the critical ... More

Two-channel Kondo physics in odd impurity chainsMar 25 2011Jun 28 2011We study odd-membered chains of spin-(1/2) impurities, with each end connected to its own metallic lead. For antiferromagnetic exchange coupling, universal two-channel Kondo (2CK) physics is shown to arise at low energies. Two overscreening mechanisms ... More

Archetypal analysis of galaxy spectraJan 24 2003Archetypal analysis represents each individual member of a set of data vectors as a mixture (a constrained linear combination) of the pure types or archetypes of the data set. The archetypes are themselves required to be mixtures of the data vectors. ... More

Properties of Binary Transition-Metal Arsenides (TAs)May 17 2012We present thermodynamic and transport properties of transition-metal (T) arsenides, TAs with T = Sc to Ni (3d), Zr, Nb, Ru (4d), Hf and Ta (5d). Characterization of these binaries is made with powder X-ray diffraction, temperature and field-dependent ... More

Universality and scaling in a charge two-channel Kondo deviceFeb 05 2016Apr 21 2016We study a charge two-channel Kondo model, demonstrating that recent experiments [Iftikhar et al, Nature 526, 233 (2015)] realize an essentially perfect quantum simulation -- not just of its universal physics, but also nonuniversal effects away from the ... More

Quantum phase transition in quantum dot trimersFeb 27 2009We investigate a system of three tunnel-coupled semiconductor quantum dots in a triangular geometry, one of which is connected to a metallic lead, in the regime where each dot is essentially singly occupied. Both ferro- and antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 ... More

Heavy-Quark QCD ExoticaOct 14 2016Nov 24 2016This review presents an overview of the remarkable progress in the field of heavy-quark exotic hadrons over the past 15 years. It seeks to be pedagogical rather than exhaustive, summarizing both the progress and specific results of experimental discoveries, ... More

Matter, Energy, and Heat Transfer in a Classical Ballistic Atom PumpNov 02 2015A ballistic atom pump is a system containing two reservoirs of neutral atoms or molecules and a junction connecting them containing a localized time-varying potential. Atoms move through the pump as independent particles. Under certain conditions, these ... More

Fluctuations and Pinch-Offs Observed in Viscous FingeringOct 14 2002Our experiments on viscous (Saffman-Taylor) fingering in Hele-Shaw channels reveal several phenomena that were not observed in previous experiments. At low flow rates, growing fingers undergo width fluctuations that intermittently narrow the finger as ... More

Evidence for nano-scale inhomogeneities in bilayer manganites in the Mn\sp{4+} rich region: $\bm{0.54 \leq x \leq 0.80}$Jul 25 2003The atomic pair distribution function (PDF) technique is employed to probe the atomic local structural responses in naturally double layered manganites \lsmo in the doping range $0.54 \leq x \leq 0.80$. Our low temperature neutron powder diffraction measurements ... More

Far-UV Emission Properties of FR1 Radio GalaxiesMay 17 2016The power mechanism and accretion geometry for low-power FR1 radio galaxies is poorly understood in comparison to Seyfert galaxies and QSOs. In this paper, we use the diagnostic power of the Lya recombination line observed using the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph ... More

Fluctuations in viscous fingeringJun 27 2001Oct 16 2001Our experiments on viscous (Saffman-Taylor) fingering in Hele-Shaw channels reveal finger width fluctuations that were not observed in previous experiments, which had lower aspect ratios and higher capillary numbers Ca. These fluctuations intermittently ... More

Far-UV Emission Properties of FR1 Radio GalaxiesMay 17 2016Oct 05 2016The power mechanism and accretion geometry for low-power FR1 radio galaxies is poorly understood in comparison to Seyfert galaxies and QSOs. In this paper we use the diagnostic power of the Lya recombination line observed using the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph ... More

IFC Inside: Retrofitting Languages with Dynamic Information Flow Control (Extended Version)Jan 16 2015Many important security problems in JavaScript, such as browser extension security, untrusted JavaScript libraries and safe integration of mutually distrustful websites (mash-ups), may be effectively addressed using an efficient implementation of information ... More

A Symbolic Logic with Concrete Bounds for Cryptographic ProtocolsNov 24 2015We present a formal logic for quantitative reasoning about security properties of network protocols. The system allows us to derive concrete security bounds that can be used to choose key lengths and other security parameters. We provide axioms for reasoning ... More

A Learning-Based Approach to Reactive SecurityDec 07 2009Dec 22 2009Despite the conventional wisdom that proactive security is superior to reactive security, we show that reactive security can be competitive with proactive security as long as the reactive defender learns from past attacks instead of myopically overreacting ... More

Feedback Network Models for Quantum TransportAug 29 2014Quantum feedback networks have been introduced in quantum optics as a set of rules for constructing arbitrary networks of quantum mechanical systems connected by uni-directional quantum optical fields, and has allowed for a system theoretic approach to ... More

The Algebra and Geometry of IsometriesMay 14 2014May 26 2014An expository approach is given on the relationship between algebraic and geometric approaches to properties of isometries in the plane and the 2-sphere.

Complex Impedance as a Diagnostic Tool for Characterizing Thermal DetectorsAug 19 2004Mar 14 2005The complex ac impedance of a bolometer or microcalorimeter detector is easily measured and can be used to determine thermal time constants, thermal resistances, heat capacities, and sensitivities. Accurately extracting this information requires an understanding ... More

Bar constructions and Quillen homology of modules over operadsFeb 16 2008Sep 27 2009We show that topological Quillen homology of algebras and modules over operads in symmetric spectra can be calculated by realizations of simplicial bar constructions. Working with several model category structures, we give a homotopical proof after showing ... More

Relative Entropy, Probabilistic Inference and AIMar 27 2013Various properties of relative entropy have led to its widespread use in information theory. These properties suggest that relative entropy has a role to play in systems that attempt to perform inference in terms of probability distributions. In this ... More

Rare Decays, Recent Results from FOCUS (+Theory)Jul 03 2002We present results for 3 body rare decays of the D+ and Ds+ containing 2 muons from the FOCUS experiment. A comparison to previous best experimental limits and theory is also shown.

Complex Patterns in a Simple SystemApr 17 1993Numerical simulations of a simple reaction--diffusion model reveal a surprising variety of irregular spatio--temporal patterns. These patterns arise in response to finite--amplitude perturbations. Some of them resemble the steady irregular patterns discussed ... More

A Boltzmann Machine Implementation for the D-WaveJun 20 2016The D-Wave is an adiabatic quantum computer. It is an understatement to say that it is not a traditional computer. It can be viewed as a computational accelerator or more precisely a computational oracle, where one asks it a relevant question and it returns ... More

M-Subdwarfs: Spectroscopic Classification and the Metallicity ScaleNov 26 1996We present a spectroscopic classification system for M-dwarfs and M-subdwarfs based on quantitative measures of TiO and CaH features in the region 6200 - 7400 Angstroms. Our sample of cool stars covers the range from solar metallicity stars to the most ... More

The Formal Underpinnings of the Response Functions used in X-Ray Spectral AnalysisNov 03 2000This work provides an in-depth mathematical description of the response functions that are used for spatial and spectral analysis of X-ray data. The use of such functions is well-known to anyone familiar with the analysis of X-ray data where they may ... More

Semianalytic Models of Two-Phase Disk Winds in Active Galactic Nuclei with Combined Hydromagnetic and Radiative DrivingDec 18 2002(abridged) We present a semianalytic model of steady-state magnetically and radiatively driven disk outflows in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) consisting of a continuous wind with embedded clouds. The continuous outflow is launched from the disk surface ... More

The Notion of a Random Gauge and its InterpretationMar 16 2011We introduce the concept of a random gauge. We propose two distinct types of random gauge that can be defined based on the concept of phase noise in scattering theory. In the context of quantum physics, we discuss a variety of possible realizations of ... More

M Dwarfs in the Mid-Infrared AKARI/IRC Sky SurveyAug 26 2010We present a sample of 968 K5-M6 dwarfs detected in the AKARI-IRC Point Source Catalog. The vast majority of these low-mass stars have brightnesses in the AKARI broad 9-micron (S9W) filter that match expectations of model photospheres. Mismatched double ... More

Activity and Kinematics of M and L DwarfsOct 25 2000I discuss observations of two traditional age indicators, chromospheric activity and kinematics, in late-M and L dwarfs near the hydrogen-burning limit. The frequency and strength of chromospheric activity disappears rapidly as a function of temperature ... More

Observations of Polarized Dust Emission at Far-infrared through Millimeter WavelengthsApr 13 2009Interstellar polarization at far-infrared through millimeter wavelengths (0.1 - 1 mm) is primarily due to thermal emission from dust grains aligned with magnetic fields. This mechanism has led to studies of magnetic fields in a variety of celestial sources, ... More

Classical Maxwellian polarization entanglementNov 08 2015An explanation of polarization entanglement is presented using Maxwells classical electromagnetic theory.Two key features are required to understand these classical origins.The first is that all waves diffract and weakly diffracting waves,with a principal ... More

A photon-like wavepacket with quantised properties based on classical Maxwell's equationsSep 20 2006A photon-like wavepacket based on novel solutions of Maxwell's equations is proposed. It is believed to be the first 'classical' model that contains so many of the accepted quantum features. In this new work, novel solutions to Maxwell's classical equations ... More

The Global versus Local Hamiltonian Description of Quantum Input-Output TheorySep 12 2014Sep 24 2014The aim of this paper is to derive the global Hamiltonian form for a quantum system and bath, or more generally a quantum network with multiple quantum input field connections, based on the local descriptions. We give a new simple argument which shows ... More

On The Scattering Process in Quantum OpticsSep 11 2014The derivation of a quantum Markovian model for an opto-mechanical system consisting of a quantum mechanical mirror interacting with quantum optical input fields via radiation pressure is difficult problem which ultimately involves the scattering process ... More

Placing Confidence Limits on Polarization MeasurementsMar 04 2006The determination of the true source polarization given a set of measurements is complicated by the requirement that the polarization always be positive. This positive bias also hinders construction of upper limits, uncertainties, and confidence regions, ... More

Homotopy theory of modules over operads in symmetric spectraDec 31 2007May 15 2014We establish model category structures on algebras and modules over operads in symmetric spectra, and study when a morphism of operads induces a Quillen equivalence between corresponding categories of algebras (resp. modules) over operads.

Brown Dwarfs and the TW Hya AssociationApr 19 2002I report the results of a survey for low-mass (0.030 <~ M <~ 0.013 M_solar) brown dwarfs in the direction of the TW Hya association using 2MASS. Two late-M dwarfs show signs of low surface gravity and are strong candidates to be young, very-low-mass (M ... More

N-body integrators for planets in binary star systemsMay 22 2007Symplectic integrators are the tool of choice for many researchers studying dynamical systems because of their good long-term energy conservation properties. For systems with a dominant central mass, symplectic integrators are also highly efficient. In ... More

Radiative Transfer and Acceleration in Magnetocentrifugal WindsJun 14 2005Detailed photoionization and radiative acceleration of self-similar magnetocentrifugal accretion disk winds are explored. First, a general-purpose hybrid magnetocentrifugal and radiatively-driven wind model is defined. Solutions are then examined to determine ... More

Stochastic Characteristics of Qubits and Qubit chains on the D-Wave 2XJun 17 2016This document presents a studies of the stochastic behavior of D-Wave qubits, qubit cells, and qubit chains. The purpose of this paper is to address the algorithmic behavior of execution rather than the physical behavior, though they are related. The ... More

Forever Young: High Chromospheric Activity in M subdwarfsJan 29 1998We present spectroscopic observations of two halo M subdwarfs which have H alpha emission lines. We show that in both cases close companions are the most likely cause of the chromospheric activity in these old, metal-poor stars. We argue that Gl 781 A's ... More

Polarized Emission from Interstellar DustSep 01 2006Observations of far-infrared (FIR) and submillimeter (SMM) polarized emission are used to study magnetic fields and dust grains in dense regions of the interstellar medium (ISM). These observations place constraints on models of molecular clouds, star-formation, ... More

Homotopy theory of modules over operads and non-Sigma operads in monoidal model categoriesDec 31 2007Jun 03 2009This paper studies the existence of model category structures on algebras and modules over operads in monoidal model categories.

Semisimplicity of certain representation categoriesSep 04 2015We exhibit a correspondence between subcategories of modules over an algebra and sub-bimodules of the dual of that algebra. We then prove that the semisimplicity of certain such categories is equivalent to the existence of a Peter-Weyl decomposition of ... More

THEO Concept Mission: Testing the Habitability of Enceladus's OceanMay 02 2016Saturn's moon Enceladus offers a unique opportunity in the search for life and habitable environments beyond Earth, a key theme of the National Research Council's 2013-2022 Decadal Survey. A plume of water vapor and ice spews from Enceladus's south polar ... More

The Many-Body Expansion Combined with Neural NetworksSep 22 2016Fragmentation methods such as the many-body expansion (MBE) are a common strategy to model large systems by partitioning energies into a hierarchy of decreasingly significant contributions. The number of fragments required for chemical accuracy is still ... More