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Abundance Differences Between Exoplanet Binary Host Stars XO-2N and XO-2S -- Dependence on Stellar ParametersJan 09 2015Feb 02 2015The chemical composition of exoplanet host stars is an important factor in understanding the formation and characteristics of their orbiting planets. The best example of this to date is the planet-metallicity correlation. Other proposed correlations are ... More

Measuring Organic Molecular Emission in Disks with Low Resolution Spitzer SpectroscopyApr 01 2011We explore the extent to which Spitzer IRS spectra taken at low spectral resolution can be used in quantitative studies of organic molecular emission from disks surrounding low mass young stars. We use Spitzer IRS spectra taken in both the high and low ... More

A Comparison of Spectroscopic versus Imaging Techniques for Detecting Close Companions to Kepler Objects of InterestAug 26 2015(Abbreviated) Kepler planet candidates require both spectroscopic and imaging follow-up observations to rule out false positives and detect blended stars. [...] In this paper, we examine a sample of 11 Kepler host stars with companions detected by two ... More

Stellar Companions to the Exoplanet Host Stars HD 2638 and HD 164509Aug 31 2016An important aspect of searching for exoplanets is understanding the binarity of the host stars. It is particularly important because nearly half of the solar-like stars within our own Milky Way are part of binary or multiple systems. Moreover, the presence ... More

An ALMA and MagAO Study of the Substellar Companion GQ Lup BJan 26 2017Multi-wavelength observations provide a complementary view of the formation of young directly-imaged planet-mass companions. We report the ALMA 1.3 mm and Magellan adaptive optics (MagAO) H-alpha, i', z', and Ys observations of the GQ Lup system, a classical ... More

Search for nearby Earth analogs I. 15 planet candidates found in PFS dataApr 18 2019The radial velocity method plays a major role in the discovery of nearby exoplanets. To efficiently find planet candidates from the data obtained in high precision radial velocity surveys, we apply a signal diagnostic framework to detect radial velocity ... More

Observations of Binary Stars with the Differential Speckle Survey Instrument. VIII. Measures of Metal-Poor Stars and Triple Stars from 2015 to 2018Dec 12 2018We present 248 speckle observations of 43 binary and 19 trinary star systems chosen to make progress in two main areas of investigation: the fundamental properties of metal poor stars and star formation mechanisms. The observations were taken at the Gemini ... More

The Curious Case of Elemental Abundance Differences in the Dual Hot Jupiter Hosts WASP-94ABJan 08 2016Binary stars provide an ideal laboratory for investigating the potential effects of planet formation on stellar composition. Assuming the stars formed in the same environment/from the same material, any compositional anomalies between binary components ... More

Detecting Earth-like Biosignatures on Rocky Exoplanets around Nearby Stars with Ground-based Extremely Large TelescopesMar 22 2019As we begin to discover rocky planets in the habitable zone of nearby stars with missions like TESS and CHEOPS, we will need quick advancements on instrumentation and observational techniques that will enable us to answer key science questions, such as ... More

The LCES HIRES/Keck Precision Radial Velocity Exoplanet SurveyFeb 12 2017We describe a 20-year survey carried out by the Lick-Carnegie Exoplanet Survey Team (LCES), using precision radial velocities from HIRES on the Keck-I telescope to find and characterize extrasolar planetary systems orbiting nearby F, G, K, and M dwarf ... More

Astro2020 Science White Paper: Toward Finding Earth 2.0: Masses and Orbits of Small Planets with Extreme Radial Velocity PrecisionMar 13 2019Having discovered that Earth-sized planets are common, we are now embarking on a journey to determine if Earth-like planets are also common. Finding Earth-like planets is one of the most compelling endeavors of the 21st century - leading us toward finally ... More

Constraining Stellar Photospheres as an Essential Step for Transmission Spectroscopy of Small ExoplanetsMar 14 2019Transmission spectra probe the atmospheres of transiting exoplanets, but these observations are also subject to signals introduced by magnetic active regions on host stars. Here we outline scientific opportunities in the next decade for providing useful ... More

TOI-150: A transiting hot Jupiter in the TESS southern CVZFeb 26 2019We report the detection of a hot Jupiter ($M_{p}=1.72\pm0.09\ M_{J}$, $R_{p}=1.38\pm0.04\ R_{J}$) orbiting a middle-aged star ($\log g=4.152^{+0.030}_{-0.043}$) in the TESS southern continuous viewing zone ($\beta=-79.59^{\circ}$). We confirm the planetary ... More

A 0.8-2.4 Micron Transmission Spectrum of the Hot Jupiter CoRoT-1bJan 14 2014Hot Jupiters with brightness temperatures > ~2000K can have TiO and VO molecules as gaseous species in their atmospheres. The TiO and VO molecules can potentially induce temperature inversions in hot Jupiter atmospheres and also have an observable signature ... More

Exoplanet Science Priorities from the Perspective of Internal and Surface Processes for Silicate and Ice Dominated WorldsApr 13 2018The geophysics of extrasolar planets is a scientific topic often regarded as standing largely beyond the reach of near-term observations. This reality in no way diminishes the central role of geophysical phenomena in shaping planetary outcomes, from formation, ... More

The Effects of Stellar Companions on Exoplanet Radius DistributionsApr 26 2018Oct 29 2018Understanding the distribution and occurrence rate of small planets was a fundamental goal of the Kepler transiting exoplanet mission, and could be improved with K2 and TESS. Deriving accurate exoplanetary radii requires accurate measurements of the host ... More

Reduced Activity And Large Particles From the Disintegrating Planet Candidate KIC 12557548bMay 24 2016The intriguing exoplanet candidate KIC 12557548b is believed to have a comet-like tail of dusty debris trailing a small rocky planet. The tail of debris scatters up to 1.3% of the stellar light in the Kepler observatory's bandpass (0.42 um to 0.9 um). ... More

C/O Ratios of Stars with Transiting Hot Jupiter ExoplanetsMar 26 2014The relative abundances of carbon and oxygen have long been recognized as fundamental diagnostics of stellar chemical evolution. Now, the growing number of exoplanet observations enable estimation of these elements in exoplanetary atmospheres. In hot ... More

A subtle IR excess associated with a young White Dwarf in the Edinburgh-Cape Blue Object SurveyAug 15 2016We report the discovery of a subtle infrared excess associated with the young white dwarf EC\,05365--4749 at 3.35 and 4.6\,$\mu$m. Follow-up spectroscopic observations are consistent with a hydrogen atmosphere white dwarf of effective temperature 22\,800\,K ... More

Carbon and Oxygen Abundances in Cool Metal-rich Exoplanet Hosts: A Case Study of the C/O Ratio of 55 CancriSep 24 2013The super-Earth exoplanet 55 Cnc e, the smallest member of a five-planet system, has recently been observed to transit its host star. The radius estimates from transit observations, coupled with spectroscopic determinations of mass, provide constraints ... More

Optical Observations of the Transiting Exoplanet GJ 1214bFeb 14 2013Feb 22 2013We observed nine primary transits of the super-Earth exoplanet GJ 1214b in several optical photometric bands from March to August 2012, with the goal of constraining the short-wavelength slope of the spectrum of GJ 1214b. Our observations were conducted ... More

Carbon and Oxygen Abundances in the Hot Jupiter Exoplanet Host Star XO-2N and its Binary CompanionApr 01 2013With the aim of connecting the compositions of stars and planets, we present the abundances of carbon and oxygen, as well as iron and nickel, for the transiting exoplanet host star XO-2N and its wide-separation binary companion XO-2S. Stellar parameters ... More

Postorder rearrangement operatorsOct 10 2014Oct 14 2015We investigate the rearrangement of the Haar system induced by the postorder on the set of dyadic intervals in $[0,1]$ with length greater than or equal to $2^{-N}$. By means of operator norms on $\text{BMO}_N$ we prove that the postorder has maximal ... More

Stellar and Planetary Characterization of the Ross 128 Exoplanetary System from APOGEE SpectraMay 29 2018Jun 14 2018The first detailed chemical abundance analysis of the M dwarf (M4.0) exoplanet-hosting star Ross 128 is presented here, based upon near-infrared (1.5--1.7 \micron) high-resolution ($R$$\sim$22,500) spectra from the SDSS-APOGEE survey. We determined precise ... More

Adaptive nonparametric estimation for Lévy processes observed at low frequencyAug 29 2013This article deals with adaptive nonparametric estimation for L\'evy processes observed at low frequency. For general linear functionals of the L\'evy measure, we construct kernel estimators, provide upper risk bounds and derive rates of convergence under ... More

Convergence to Weighted Fractional Brownian SheetsNov 27 2008We define weighted fractional Brownian sheets, which are a class of Gaussian random fields with four parameters that include fractional Brownian sheets as special cases, and we give some of their properties. We show that for certain values of the parameters ... More

Understanding Stellar Contamination in Exoplanet Transmission Spectra as an Essential Step in Small Planet CharacterizationMar 23 2018Transmission spectroscopy during planetary transits is expected to be a major source of information on the atmospheres of small (approximately Earth-sized) exoplanets in the next two decades. This technique, however, is intrinsically affected by stellar ... More

Photometric Stereo by UV-Induced Fluorescence to Detect Protrusions on Georgia O'Keeffe's PaintingsNov 22 2017A significant number of oil paintings produced by Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986) show surface protrusions of varying width, up to several hundreds of microns. These protrusions are similar to those described in the art conservation literature as metallic ... More

Stellar Chemical Clues As To The Rarity of Exoplanetary TectonicsJun 30 2017Jul 03 2017Earth's tectonic processes regulate the formation of continental crust, control its unique deep water and carbon cycles, and are vital to its surface habitability. A major driver of steady-state plate tectonics on Earth is the sinking of the cold subducting ... More

275 Candidates and 149 Validated Planets Orbiting Bright Stars in K2 Campaigns 0-10Feb 14 2018Mar 26 2018Since 2014, NASA's K2 mission has observed large portions of the ecliptic plane in search of transiting planets and has detected hundreds of planet candidates. With observations planned until at least early 2018, K2 will continue to identify more planet ... More

Trace Formulas in Connection with Scattering Theory for Quasi-Periodic BackgroundJun 27 2005We investigate trace formulas for Jacobi operators which are trace class perturbations of quasi-periodic finite-gap operators using Krein's spectral shift theory. In particular we establish the conserved quantities for the solutions of the Toda hierarchy ... More

Geometric Ergodicity of the multivariate COGARCH(1,1) ProcessJan 26 2017Mar 12 2019For the multivariate COGARCH(1,1) volatility process we show sufficient conditions for the existence of a unique stationary distribution, for the geometric ergodicity and for the finiteness of moments of the stationary distribution by a Foster-Lyapunov ... More

Traveling Waves for Nonlocal Models of Traffic FlowAug 11 2018Nov 15 2018We consider several non-local models for traffic flow, including both microscopic ODE models and macroscopic PDE models. The ODE models describe the movement of individual cars, where each driver adjusts the speed according to the road condition over ... More

XO-2b: a hot Jupiter with a variable host star that potentially affects its measured transit depthMay 05 2015Aug 26 2015The transiting hot Jupiter XO-2b is an ideal target for multi-object photometry and spectroscopy as it has a relatively bright ($V$-mag = 11.25) K0V host star (XO-2N) and a large planet-to-star contrast ratio (R$_{p}$/R$_{s}\approx0.015$). It also has ... More

Magellan/PFS Radial Velocities of GJ 9827, a late K dwarf at 30 pc with Three Transiting Super-EarthsNov 03 2017Feb 28 2018The Kepler mission showed us that planets with sizes between that of Earth and Neptune appear to be the most common type in our Galaxy. These "super-Earths" continue to be of great interest for exoplanet formation, evolution, and composition studies. ... More

Detailed Abundances of Stars with Small Planets Discovered by Kepler I: The First SampleNov 03 2015We present newly derived stellar parameters and the detailed abundances of 19 elements of seven stars with small planets discovered by NASA's Kepler Mission. Each star save one has at least one planet with a radius <= 1.6 R_Earth, suggesting a primarily ... More

The Magellan PFS Planet Search Program: Radial Velocity and Stellar Abundance Analyses of the 360 AU, Metal-Poor Binary "Twins" HD 133131A & BAug 22 2016Aug 29 2016We present a new precision radial velocity (RV) dataset that reveals multiple planets orbiting the stars in the $\sim$360 AU, G2$+$G2 "twin" binary HD 133131AB. Our 6 years of high-resolution echelle observations from MIKE and 5 years from PFS on the ... More

Observations of Binary Stars with the Differential Speckle Survey Instrument. V. Toward an Empirical Metal-Poor Mass-Luminosity RelationMar 01 2015In an effort to better understand the details of the stellar structure and evolution of metal poor stars, the Gemini North telescope was used on two occasions to take speckle imaging data of a sample of known spectroscopic binary stars and other nearby ... More

The Transiting Exoplanet Community Early Release Science Program for JWSTMar 13 2018Sep 03 2018The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) presents the opportunity to transform our understanding of planets and the origins of life by revealing the atmospheric compositions, structures, and dynamics of transiting exoplanets in unprecedented detail. However, ... More

Multivariate Archimedean copulas, $d$-monotone functions and $\ell_1$-norm symmetric distributionsAug 26 2009It is shown that a necessary and sufficient condition for an Archimedean copula generator to generate a $d$-dimensional copula is that the generator is a $d$-monotone function. The class of $d$-dimensional Archimedean copulas is shown to coincide with ... More

Doppler Monitoring of the WASP-47 Multiplanet SystemOct 13 2015Oct 28 2015We present precise Doppler observations of WASP-47, a transiting planetary system featuring a hot Jupiter with both inner and outer planetary companions. This system has an unusual architecture and also provides a rare opportunity to measure planet masses ... More

The test case of HD26965: difficulties disentangling weak Doppler signals from stellar activityJan 11 2018We report the discovery of a radial velocity signal that can be interpreted as a planetary-mass candidate orbiting the K dwarf HD26965, with an orbital period of 42.364$\pm$0.015 days, or alternatively, as the presence of residual, uncorrected rotational ... More

A Six-Planet System Around the Star HD 34445Oct 19 2017We present a new precision radial velocity dataset that reveals a multi-planet system orbiting the G0V star HD 34445. Our 18-year span consists of 333 precision radial velocity observations, 56 of which were previously published, and 277 which are new ... More

Spectral Variability of Two Rapidly Rotating Brown Dwarfs: 2MASS J08354256-0819237 and 2MASS J18212815+1414010Sep 19 2017L dwarfs exhibit low-level, rotationally-modulated photometric variability generally associated with heterogeneous, cloud-covered atmospheres. The spectral character of these variations yields insight into the particle sizes and vertical structure of ... More

Uniform Atmospheric Retrieval Analysis of Ultracool Dwarfs I: Characterizing Benchmarks, Gl570D and HD3651BApr 24 2015May 28 2015Interpreting the spectra of brown dwarfs is key to determining the fundamental physical and chemical processes occurring in their atmospheres. Powerful Bayesian atmospheric retrieval tools have recently been applied to both exoplanet and brown dwarf spectra ... More

Building an Inclusive AAS - The Critical Role of Diversity and Inclusion Training for AAS Council and Astronomy LeadershipOct 05 2016Diversity, equity and inclusion are the science leadership issues of our time. As our nation and the field of astronomy grow more diverse, we find ourselves in a position of enormous potential and opportunity: a multitude of studies show how groups of ... More

Follow-up Imaging of Disk Candidates from the Disk Detective Citizen Science Project: New Discoveries and False-Positives in WISE Circumstellar Disk SurveysSep 25 2018The Disk Detective citizen science project aims to find new stars with excess 22-$\mu$m emission from circumstellar dust in the AllWISE data release from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). We evaluated 261 Disk Detective objects of interest ... More

Absolutely summing operators and atomic decomposition in bi-parameter Hardy spacesDec 15 2015For $f \in H^p(\delta^2)$, $0<p\leq 2$, with Haar expansion $f=\sum f_{I \times J}h_{I\times J}$ we constructively determine the Pietsch measure of the $2$-summing multiplication operator \[\mathcal{M}_f:\ell^{\infty} \rightarrow H^p(\delta^2), \quad ... More

p-Summing Multiplication Operators, dyadic Hardy Spaces and atomic DecompositionOct 16 2013Sep 24 2014We constructively determine the Pietsch measure of the 2-summing multiplication operator \[\mathcal{M}_u:\ell^{\infty} \rightarrow H^p, \quad (\varphi_I) \mapsto \sum \varphi_Ix_Ih_I. \] Our construction of the Pietsch measure for the multiplication operator ... More

Randomness and Non-ergodic SystemsJun 12 2012We characterize the points that satisfy Birkhoff's ergodic theorem under certain computability conditions in terms of algorithmic randomness. First, we use the method of cutting and stacking to show that if an element x of the Cantor space is not Martin-Lof ... More

A Hot Saturn Orbiting An Oscillating Late Subgiant Discovered by TESSJan 07 2019Apr 05 2019We present the discovery of TOI-197.01, the first transiting planet identified by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) for which asteroseismology of the host star is possible. TOI-197 (HIP116158) is a bright (V=8.2 mag), spectroscopically ... More

Bivariate distributions with ordered marginalsFeb 12 2019This paper provides a characterization of all possible dependency structures between two stochastically ordered random variables. The answer is given in terms of all possible copulas that are compatible with the stochastic order. The extremal values for ... More

TESS delivers its first Earth-sized planet and a warm sub-NeptuneDec 31 2018Apr 15 2019The future of exoplanet science is bright, as TESS once again demonstrates with the discovery of its longest-period confirmed planet to date. We hereby present HD 21749b (TOI 186.01), a sub-Neptune in a 36-day orbit around a bright (V = 8.1) nearby (16 ... More

Back to "Normal" for the Disintegrating Planet Candidate KIC 12557548 bOct 23 2018Nov 11 2018KIC 12557548 b is first of a growing class of intriguing disintegrating planet candidates, which lose mass in the form of a metal rich vapor that condenses into dust particles. Here, we follow up two perplexing observations of the system: 1) the transits ... More

Investigating the physical properties of transiting hot Jupiters with the 1.5-m Kuiper TelescopeAug 26 2017We present new photometric data of 11 hot Jupiter transiting exoplanets (CoRoT-12b, HAT-P-5b, HAT-P-12b, HAT-P-33b, HAT-P-37b, WASP-2b, WASP-24b, WASP-60b, WASP-80b, WASP-103b, XO-3b) in order to update their planetary parameters and to constrain information ... More

APOGEE Data Releases 13 and 14: Stellar Parameter and Abundance Comparisons With Independent AnalysesJul 25 2018Data from the SDSS-IV / Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE-2) have been released as part of SDSS Data Releases 13 (DR13) and 14 (DR14). These include high resolution H-band spectra, radial velocities, and derived stellar parameters ... More

Doppler Monitoring of five K2 Transiting Planetary SystemsApr 05 2016May 05 2016In an effort to measure the masses of planets discovered by the NASA {\it K2} mission, we have conducted precise Doppler observations of five stars with transiting planets. We present the results of a joint analysis of these new data and previously published ... More

A strong uniform approximation of sub-fractional Brownian motionFeb 08 2012Sub-fractional Brownian motion is a process analogous to fractional Brownian motion but without stationary increments. In \cite{GGL1} we proved a strong uniform approximation with a rate of convergence for fractional Brownian motion by means of transport ... More

Fully-Convolutional Point Networks for Large-Scale Point CloudsAug 21 2018This work proposes a general-purpose, fully-convolutional network architecture for efficiently processing large-scale 3D data. One striking characteristic of our approach is its ability to process unorganized 3D representations such as point clouds as ... More

Learning Features that Predict Cue UsageOct 22 1997Our goal is to identify the features that predict the occurrence and placement of discourse cues in tutorial explanations in order to aid in the automatic generation of explanations. Previous attempts to devise rules for text generation were based on ... More

Optimal solutions to the isotonic regression problemApr 09 2019In general, the solution to a regression problem is the minimizer of a given loss criterion, and as such depends on the specified loss function. The non-parametric isotonic regression problem is special, in that optimal solutions can be found by solely ... More

Quantitative bounds versus existence of weakly coupled bound states for Schrödinger type operatorsOct 31 2016May 22 2017It is well-known that for usual Schroedinger operators weakly coupled bound states exist in dimensions one and two, whereas in higher dimensions the famous Cwikel-Lieb-Rozenblum bound holds. We show for a large class of Schr\"odinger-type operators with ... More

Uniform Atmospheric Retrieval Analysis of Ultracool Dwarfs II: Properties of 11 T-dwarfsDec 08 2016Brown dwarf spectra are rich in information revealing of the chemical and physical processes operating in their atmospheres. We apply a recently developed atmospheric retrieval tool to an ensemble of late T-dwarf (600-800K) near infrared spectra. With ... More

The Lick-Carnegie Exoplanet Survey: HD32963 -- A New Jupiter Analog Orbiting a Sun-like StarDec 01 2015We present a set of 109 new, high-precision Keck/HIRES radial velocity (RV) observations for the solar-type star HD 32963. Our dataset reveals a candidate planetary signal with a period of 6.49 $\pm$ 0.07 years and a corresponding minimum mass of 0.7 ... More

Universal Dynamical Steps in the Exact Time-Dependent Exchange-Correlation PotentialNov 08 2012We show that the exact exchange-correlation potential of time-dependent density-functional theory displays dynamical step structures that have a spatially non-local and time non-local dependence on the density. Using one-dimensional two-electron model ... More

Striped phases in the holographic insulator/superconductor transitionJul 17 2013Nov 04 2013We study striped phases in holographic insulator/superconductor transition by considering a spatially modulated chemical potential in AdS soliton background. Generally striped phases can develop above a critical chemical potential. When the constant leading ... More

Likelihood informed dimension reduction for inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric constituent profilesSep 08 2017Feb 20 2018We use likelihood informed dimension reduction (LIS) (T. Cui et al. 2014) for inverting vertical profile information of atmospheric methane from ground based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) measurements at Sodankyl\"a, Northern Finland. The measurements ... More

New Constraints on Gliese 876 - Exemplar of Mean-Motion ResonanceJan 24 2018Gliese 876 harbors one of the most dynamically rich and well-studied exoplanetary systems. The nearby M4V dwarf hosts four known planets, the outer three of which are trapped in a Laplace mean-motion resonance. A thorough characterization of the complex ... More

Assessing the Effect of Stellar Companions from High-Resolution Imaging of Kepler Objects of InterestJan 23 2017We report on 176 close (<2") stellar companions detected with high-resolution imaging near 170 hosts of Kepler Objects of Interest. These Kepler targets were prioritized for imaging follow-up based on the presence of small planets, so most of the KOIs ... More

Uniform Atmospheric Retrieval Analysis of Ultracool Dwarfs II: Properties of 11 T-dwarfsDec 08 2016Jul 25 2017Brown dwarf spectra are rich in information revealing of the chemical and physical processes operating in their atmospheres. We apply a recently developed atmospheric retrieval tool to an ensemble of late T-dwarf (600-800K) near infrared spectra. With ... More

Ordering dynamics of snow under isothermal conditionsFeb 28 2010We have investigated the morphological evolution of laboratory new snow under isothermal conditions at different temperatures $T=-3,-9,-19 ^{\circ}C$ by means of X-ray tomography. The collective dynamics of the bicontinuous ice-vapor system is monitored ... More

Seeded growth of monodisperse and spherical silver nanoparticlesJan 29 2014Jun 23 2014Aiming at spherical and monodisperse silver nanoparticles with diameters up to 100 nm, the potential of heterogeneous nucleation of silver particles was explored. Gold seed particles, mainly produced with a spark discharge generator, were carried by nitrogen ... More

Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV: Mapping the Milky Way, Nearby Galaxies, and the Distant UniverseFeb 28 2017Jun 29 2017We describe the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV (SDSS-IV), a project encompassing three major spectroscopic programs. The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment 2 (APOGEE-2) is observing hundreds of thousands of Milky Way stars at high resolution ... More

Elemental Abundances of Kepler Objects of Interest in APOGEE. I. Two Distinct Orbital Period Regimes Inferred from Host Star Iron AbundancesDec 04 2017The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) has observed $\sim$600 transiting exoplanets and exoplanet candidates from \textit{Kepler} (Kepler Objects of Interest, KOIs), most with $\geq$18 epochs. The combined multi-epoch spectra ... More

A comprehensive understanding of planet formation is required for assessing planetary habitability and for the search for lifeMar 23 2018Dozens of habitable zone, approximately earth-sized exoplanets are known today. An emerging frontier of exoplanet studies is identifying which of these habitable zone, small planets are actually habitable (have all necessary conditions for life) and, ... More

Systematic construction of density functionals based on matrix product state computationsMar 21 2016Aug 25 2016We propose a systematic procedure for the approximation of density functionals in density functional theory that consists of two parts. First, for the efficient approximation of a general density functional, we introduce an efficient ansatz whose non-locality ... More

An Empirical Investigation of Proposals in Collaborative DialoguesJun 25 1998We describe a corpus-based investigation of proposals in dialogue. First, we describe our DRI compliant coding scheme and report our inter-coder reliability results. Next, we test several hypotheses about what constitutes a well-formed proposal.

Gradient Based Biobjective Shape Optimization to Improve Reliability and Cost of Ceramic ComponentsMay 18 2019We consider the simultaneous optimization of the reliability and the cost of a ceramic component in a biobjective PDE constrained shape optimization problem. A probabilistic Weibull-type model is used to assess the probability of failure of the component ... More

Time dependence of entanglement for steady state formation in AdS$_3$/CFT$_2$Sep 25 2017Oct 03 2017We consider a holographic model of two 1+1-dimensional heat baths at different temperatures joined at time $t=0$, such that a steady state heat-current region forms and expands in space for times $t>0$. After commenting on the causal structure of the ... More

A Six-Planet System Orbiting HD 219134Sep 25 2015We present new, high-precision Doppler radial velocity (RV) data sets for the nearby K3V star HD 219134. The data include 175 velocities obtained with the HIRES Spectrograph at the Keck I Telescope, and 101 velocities obtained with the Levy Spectrograph ... More

Time evolution of entanglement for holographic steady state formationMay 12 2017Sep 17 2017Within gauge/gravity duality, we consider the local quench-like time evolution obtained by joining two 1+1-dimensional heat baths at different temperatures at time t=0. A steady state forms and expands in space. For the 2+1-dimensional gravity dual, we ... More

Hall viscosity induced transverse voltage in two-dimensional Fermi liquidsMay 08 2019The absence of parity and time-reversal symmetry in two-dimensional Fermi liquids gives rise to non-dissipative transport features characterized by the Hall viscosity. For non-vanishing magnetic fields, the Hall viscous force directly competes with the ... More

A planetary system around the nearby M dwarf Gl 357 including a transiting hot Earth-sized planet optimal for atmospheric characterisationApr 29 2019May 01 2019We report the detection of a transiting Earth-size planet around Gl 357, a nearby M2.5 V star, using data from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Gl 357 b (TOI-562.01) is a transiting hot Earth-sized planet (Teq=531+-12 K) with a radius ... More

Real-time observation of a coherent lattice transformation into a high-symmetry phaseSep 13 2016Nov 24 2017Excursions far from their equilibrium structures can bring crystalline solids through collective transformations including transitions into new phases that may be transient or long-lived. Direct spectroscopic observation of far-from-equilibrium rearrangements ... More

Ground-based near-UV observations of 15 transiting exoplanets: Constraints on their atmospheres and no evidence for asymmetrical transitsMar 08 2016Transits of exoplanets observed in the near-UV have been used to study the scattering properties of their atmospheres and possible star-planet interactions. We observed the primary transits of 15 exoplanets (CoRoT-1b, GJ436b, HAT-P-1b, HAT-P-13b, HAT-P-16b, ... More

State-Dependent Modulation of Locomotion by GABAergic Spinal Sensory NeuronsDec 03 2018The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) constitutes an interface through which chemical cues can reach and modulate the activity of neurons located at the epithelial boundary within the entire nervous system. Here, we investigate the role and functional connectivity ... More

Dynamic Data in the Statistics ClassroomMar 15 2016Jan 05 2018The call for using real data in the classroom has long meant using datasets which are culled, cleaned, and wrangled prior to any student working with the observations. However, an important part of teaching statistics should include actually retrieving ... More

Deformation Theory of Matrix Factorizations and F-Terms in the Boundary Changing SectorJul 30 2009We extend the deformation theory algorithm of matrix factorizations to systems with more than one D-brane. The obstructions to the deformations are F-term equations which can be integrated to an effective superpotential. We demonstrate the power of this ... More

D-Branes in Topological String TheorySep 13 2007This thesis is concerned with D-branes in topological string theory, focusing on the description of B-type D-branes in topological Landau-Ginzburg models. Such D-branes are characterized by matrix factorizations of the Landau-Ginzburg superpotential. ... More

Has the Quark-Gluon Plasma been seen?Oct 27 2005Data from the first three years of running at RHIC are reviewed and put into context with data obtained previously at the AGS and SPS and with the physics question of creation of a quark-gluon plasma in high energy heavy ion collisions. Also some very ... More

New Results of the Konkoly Blazhko GroupOct 18 2009During the recent years the Konkoly Blazhko Group (PIs Johanna Jurcsik and B\'ela Szeidl, co-workers \'Ad\'am S\'odor, Zsombor Hurta and several undergraduate, graduate students) published new important results of Blazhko variables in 15 reviewed Journal ... More

Gravitational Axial Anomaly for Four Dimensional Conformal Field TheoriesMay 24 1999Oct 27 1999We construct the three point function involving an axial vector current and two energy-momentum tensors for four dimensional conformal field theories. Conformal symmetry determines the form of this three point function uniquely up to a constant factor ... More

Convolution roots and differentiability of isotropic positive definite functions on spheresJan 27 2012Oct 28 2013We prove that any isotropic positive definite function on the sphere can be written as the spherical self-convolution of an isotropic real-valued function. It is known that isotropic positive definite functions on d-dimensional Euclidean space admit a ... More

Nonparametric estimation for irregularly sampled Lévy processesNov 18 2015Nov 20 2015We consider nonparametric statistical inference for L\'evy processes sampled irregularly, at low frequency. The estimation of the jump dynamics as well as the estimation of the distributional density are investigated. Non-asymptotic risk bounds are derived ... More

SDSS-V: Pioneering Panoptic SpectroscopyNov 09 2017SDSS-V will be an all-sky, multi-epoch spectroscopic survey of over six million objects. It is designed to decode the history of the Milky Way, trace the emergence of the chemical elements, reveal the inner workings of stars, and investigate the origin ... More

Dynamic Data in the Statistics ClassroomMar 15 2016Jun 03 2016The call for using real data in the classroom has long meant using datasets which are culled, cleaned, and wrangled prior to any student working with the observations. However, an important part of teaching statistics should include actually retrieving ... More

A Generalization of Lie's TheoremNov 21 2013We prove that in a locally finite dimensional Lie algebra L, any maximal, locally solvable subalgebra (Borel subalgebra) is the stabilizer of a maximal, generalized flag in an integrable, faithful module over L.

Experimental Summary, ICPAQGP05 ConferenceAug 22 2005This paper gives highlights of the experimental results shown at this conference.

On the spatial asymptotics of solutions of the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchySep 18 2009We show that for decaying solutions of the Ablowitz-Ladik system, the leading asymptotic term is time independent. In addition, two arbitrary bounded solutions of the Ablowitz-Ladik system which are asymptotically close at the initial time stay close. ... More

A recipe for short-word pseudo-AnosovsAug 12 2010Given any generating set of any pseudo-Anosov-containing subgroup of the mapping class group of a surface, we construct a pseudo-Anosov with word length bounded by a constant depending only on the surface. More generally, in any subgroup G we find an ... More