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Synchrotron spectrum of fast cooling electrons in GRBsMar 03 2017Apr 26 2017We discuss the synchrotron emission of fast cooling electrons in shocks. The fast cooling electrons behind the shocks can generate a position-dependent inhomogeneous electron distribution if they do not have enough time to mix homogeneously. This would ... More

Statistical Study of the Swift X-ray Flash and X-ray Rich Gamma-Ray BurstsOct 07 2018We build a comprehensive sample to statistically describe the properties of X-ray flashes (XRFs) and X-ray riches (XRRs) from the latest third Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT3) catalog of Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We obtain 81 XRFs, 540 XRRs, and 394 ... More

What determines the observational differences of blazars?Jul 18 2016We examine the scenario that the Doppler factor determines the observational differences of blazars in this paper. Significantly negative correlations are found between the observational synchrotron peak frequency and the Doppler factor. After correcting ... More

Radiation Mechanisms and Physical Properties of GeV-TeV BL Lac ObjectsJul 31 2011Broadband spectral energy distributions (SEDs) are complied from literature for 24 TeV BL Lac objects. Two SEDs, which are identified as low and high states with their flux densities at $1\ {\rm TeV}$ ($F_{1 TeV}$), are available for each of 11 objects. ... More

Radiation Mechanisms and Physical Properties of GeV-TeV BL Lac ObjectsAug 02 2011Apr 26 2012BL Lac objects are the best candidates to study the jet properties since their spectral energy distributions (SEDs) are less contaminated by the emission from the accretion disk and external Compton processes. We compile the broadband SEDs observed with ... More

A New Superlinearly Convergent Algorithm of Combining QP Subproblem with System of Linear Equations for Nonlinear OptimizationJun 27 2012In this paper, a class of optimization problems with nonlinear inequality constraints is discussed. Based on the ideas of sequential quadratic programming algorithm and the method of strongly sub-feasible directions, a new superlinearly convergent algorithm ... More

Reddening of the BLR and NLR in AGN From a Systematic Analysis of Balmer DecrementNov 27 2018Nov 29 2018We selected an active galactic nuclei (AGN) sample ($0 < z \le 0.35$) from Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7, and measured the broad- (${\rm H\alpha^{b}/H\beta^{b}}$) and narrow-line Balmer decrements (${\rm H\alpha^{n}/H\beta^{n}}$) of 554 selected ... More

Double-peaked narrow emission-line galaxies from Sloan Digital Sky Survey. I. Sample and basic propertiesAug 13 2012Recently, much attention has been given to double-peaked narrow emission-line galaxies, some of which are suggested to be related with merging galaxies. We make a systematic search to build the largest sample of these sources from Data Release 7 of Sloan ... More

Kinematic properties of the dual AGN system J0038+4128 based on long-slit spectroscopyOct 08 2015The study of kiloparsec-scale dual active galactic nuclei (AGN) will provide important clues to understand the co-evolution between the host galaxies and their central supermassive black holes undergoing a merging process. We present long-slit spectroscopy ... More

Theory of Transmission of Light by Sub-wavelength Cylindrical Holes in Metallic FilmsAug 24 2006This paper presents theory and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations for a single and arrays of sub-wavelength cylindrical holes in metallic films presenting large transmission. These calculations are in excellent agreement with experimental ... More

Surface Plasmons and Field Electron Emission In Metal NanostructuresDec 05 2012In this paper we discuss the field enhancement due to surface plasmons resonances of metallic nanostructures, in particular nano spheres on top of a metal, and find maximum field enhancement of the order of 10^2, intensities enhancement of the order of ... More

Stochastic differential equations driven by fractional Brownian motion and Poisson point processJun 13 2012Apr 13 2015In this paper, we study a class of stochastic differential equations with additive noise that contains a fractional Brownian motion (fBM) and a Poisson point process of class (QL). The differential equation of this kind is motivated by the reserve processes ... More

$R$-band host galaxy contamination of TeV $γ$-ray blazar Mrk 501: effects of the aperture size and seeingDec 01 2017We simulated the $R$-band contribution of the host galaxy of TeV $\gamma$-ray BL Lac object Mrk 501 in different aperture sizes and seeing conditions . The intensive observations were run with the 1.02 m optical telescope at Yunnan Observatories from ... More

Improving the Flux Calibration in Reverberation Mapping by Spectral Fitting: Application to the Seyfert Galaxy MCG--6-30-15Aug 24 2016We propose a method for the flux calibration of reverberation mapping spectra based on accurate measurement of [O III] $\lambda 5007$ emission by spectral fitting. The method can achieve better accuracy than the traditional method of van Groningen & Wanders ... More

Stability-certified reinforcement learning: A control-theoretic perspectiveOct 26 2018We investigate the important problem of certifying stability of reinforcement learning policies when interconnected with nonlinear dynamical systems. We show that by regulating the input-output gradients of policies, strong guarantees of robust stability ... More

Discovery of gamma-ray emission from a strongly lobe-dominated quasar 3C 275.1Jan 04 2015Jun 10 2015We systematically analyze the 6-year {\it Fermi}/LAT data of the lobe-dominated quasars (LDQs) in the complete LDQ sample from 3CRR survey and report the discovery of high-energy $\gamma$-ray emission from 3C 275.1. The $\gamma$-ray emission of 3C 207 ... More

Spectroscopy of broad absorption line quasars at $3\lesssim z \lesssim5$: sample, observations, and resultsApr 11 2019Our knowledge of high redshift, broad absorption line (BAL) quasars (QSOs) remains limited due to their apparent deficiency in the QSO population. We present an observational study of 22 BAL QSOs at $3\lesssim z \lesssim5$ based on optical/near-IR spectroscopy, ... More

Supermassive black holes with high accretion rates in active galactic nuclei: II. the most luminous standard candles in the UniverseAug 11 2014This is the second in a series of papers reporting on a large reverberation mapping (RM) campaign to measure black hole (BH) mass in high accretion rate active galactic nuclei (AGNs). The goal is to identify super-Eddington accreting massive black holes ... More

Supermassive Black Holes with High Accretion Rates in Active Galactic Nuclei. III. Detection of Fe II Reverberation in Nine Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 GalaxiesMar 12 2015This is the third in a series of papers reporting on a large reverberation-mapping campaign aimed to study the properties of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with high accretion rates. We present new results on the variability of the optical Fe II emission ... More

Unveiling slim accretion disc in AGN through X-ray and Infrared observationsJan 30 2017In this work, which is a continuation of Castell\'o-Mor et al. (2016), we present new X-ray and infrared (IR) data for a sample of active galactic nuclei (AGN) covering a wide range in Eddington ratio over a small luminosity range. In particular, we rigorously ... More

Noncommutative differential calculi and the unifying zero curvature representation of integrable systemsDec 01 2014Derivation-based differential calculi are of great importance in noncommutative geometry, noncommutative gauge theory and integrable systems. In this paper, we propose the connection and curvature from a class of deformed derivation-based differential ... More

Refinement of Ado's Theorem in Low Dimensions and Application in Affine GeometrNov 24 2007In this paper, we construct a faithful representation with the lowest dimension for every complex Lie algebra in dimension $\leq 4$. In particular, in our construction, in the case that the faithful representation has the same dimension of the Lie algebra, ... More

Kinematics of the Broad-line Region of 3C 273 from a Ten-year Reverberation Mapping CampaignNov 09 2018Mar 13 2019Despite many decades of study, the kinematics of the broad-line region of 3C~273 are still poorly understood. We report a new, high signal-to-noise, reverberation mapping campaign carried out from November 2008 to March 2018 that allows the determination ... More

Supermassive black holes with high accretion rates in active galactic nuclei: X. Optical variability characteristicsApr 06 2019May 14 2019We compiled a sample of 73 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with reverberation mapping (RM) observations from RM campaigns including our ongoing campaign of monitoring super-Eddington accreting massive black holes (SEAMBHs). This sample covers a large range ... More

Supermassive black holes with high accretion rates in active galactic nuclei. VII. Reconstruction of velocity-delay maps by maximum entropy methodAug 02 2018As one of the series of papers reporting on a large reverberation mapping campaign, we apply the maximum entropy method (MEM) to 9 narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies with super-Eddington accretion rates observed during 2012-2013 for the velocity-delay maps ... More

Lower and upper bounds for $H$-eigenvalues of even order real symmetric tensorsJul 16 2015In this article, we define new classes of tensors called double $\overline{B}$-tensors, quasi-double $\overline{B}$-tensors and establish some of their properties. Using these properties, we construct new regions viz., double $\overline{B}$-intervals ... More

A High-Quality velocity-delay map of the broad-line region in NGC 5548Sep 15 2018Sep 18 2018NGC 5548 has been well spectroscopically monitored for reverberation mapping of the central kinematics by 19 campaigns. Using the maximum entropy method in this Letter, we build up a high-quality velocity-delay map of the H$\beta$ emission line in the ... More

Optimal Dividend and Investment Problems under Sparre Andersen ModelJul 04 2016In this paper we study a class of optimal dividend and investment problems assuming that the underlying reserve process follows the Sparre Andersen model, that is, the claim frequency is a "renewal" process, rather than a standard compound Poisson process. ... More

Directional quasi/pseudo-normality as sufficient conditions for metric subregularityApr 04 2019Jun 20 2019In this paper we study sufficient conditions for metric subregularity of a set-valued map which is the sum of a single-valued continuous map and a locally closed subset. First we derive a sufficient condition for metric subregularity which is weaker than ... More

Supermassive Black Holes with High Accretion Rates in Active Galactic Nuclei. VIII. Structure of the Broad-Line Region and Mass of the Central Black Hole in Mrk 142Nov 15 2018This is the eighth in a series of papers reporting on a large reverberation mapping campaign to measure black hole (BH) mass in high accretion rate active galactic nuclei (AGNs). We employ the recently developed dynamical modeling approach for broad-line ... More

Spectroscopic Indication for a Centi-parsec Supermassive Black Hole Binary in the Galactic Center of NGC 5548Feb 16 2016Mar 04 2016As a natural consequence of cosmological hierarchical structure formation, sub-parsec supermassive black hole binaries (SMBHBs) should be common in galaxies but thus far have eluded spectroscopic identification. Based on four decades of optical spectroscopic ... More

Reverberation mapping of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy I Zwicky 1: black hole massApr 12 2019We report results of the first reverberation mapping campaign of I Zwicky 1 during $2014$-$2016$, which showed unambiguous reverberations of the broad H$\beta$ line emission to the varying optical continuum. From analysis using several methods, we obtain ... More

Monitoring AGNs with Hβ Asymmetry. I. First Results: Velocity-resolved Reverberation MappingOct 29 2018We have started a long-term reverberation mapping project using the Wyoming Infrared Observatory 2.3 meter telescope titled "Monitoring AGNs with H\beta\ Asymmetry" (MAHA). The motivations of the project are to explore the geometry and kinematics of the ... More

Optical and Gamma-Ray Variability Behaviors of 3C 454.3 from 2006 to 2011Feb 15 2018We present our photometric monitoring of a flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) 3C 454.3 at Yunnan observatories from 2006 to 2011. We find that the optical color of 3C 454.3 shows obvious redder-when-brighter trend, which reaches a saturation stage when ... More

Reverberation Mapping of the Broad-line Region in NGC 5548: Evidence for Radiation Pressure?Jul 27 2016NGC 5548 is the best-observed reverberation-mapped active galactic nucleus with long-term, intensive monitoring. Here we report results from a new observational campaign between January and July, 2015. We measure the centroid time lag of the broad H$\beta$ ... More

Supermassive Black Holes with High Accretion Rates in Active Galactic Nuclei. VI. Velocity-resolved Reverberation Mapping of H$β$ LineFeb 05 2016In the sixth of the series of papers reporting on a large reverberation mapping (RM) campaign of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with high accretion rates, we present velocity-resolved time lags of H$\beta$ emission lines for nine objects observed in the ... More

Supermassive Black Holes with High Accretion Rates in Active Galactic Nuclei. IX 10 New Observations of Reverberation Mapping and Shortened H$β$ LagsFeb 08 2018As one of the series of papers reporting on a large reverberation mapping campaign of super-Eddington accreting massive black holes (SEAMBHs) in active galactic nuclei (AGNs), we present the results of 10 SEAMBHs monitored spectroscopically during 2015-2017. ... More

Quantum Anomaly Detection with Density Estimation and Multivariate Gaussian DistributionJun 15 2019We study quantum anomaly detection with density estimation and multivariate Gaussian distribution. Both algorithms are constructed using the standard gate-based model of quantum computing. Compared with the corresponding classical algorithms, the resource ... More

Dynamics of pion production in heavy-ion collisions around 1A GeV energiesJun 12 2010Oct 13 2010Within the framework of the improved isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamics (ImIQMD) model, the dynamics of pion emission in heavy-ion collisions in the region 1 A GeV as a probe of nuclear symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities is investigated ... More

Effect of interfacial strain on spin injection and spin polarization of Co2CrAl/NaNbO3/Co2CrAl magnetic tunneling junctionApr 03 2012First-principles calculations were carried out to investigate interfacial strain effects on spin injection and spin polarization of a magnetic tunnel junction consisting of half-metallic full-Heusler alloy Co2CrAl and ferroelectric perovskite NaNbO3. ... More

Quantum state redistribution based on a generalized decouplingMay 11 2008Sep 24 2008We develop a simple protocol for a one-shot version of quantum state redistribution, which is the most general two-terminal source coding problem. The protocol is simplified from a combination of protocols for the fully quantum reverse Shannon and fully ... More

A General SU(2) Formulation for Quantum Searching with CertaintyDec 07 2001A general quantum search algorithm with arbitrary unitary transformations and an arbitrary initial state is considered in this work. To serach a marked state with certainty, we have derived, using an SU(2) representation: (1) the matching condition relating ... More

Transitivity of Varietal Hypercube NetworksDec 20 2012The varietal hypercube $VQ_n$ is a variant of the hypercube $Q_n$ and has better properties than $Q_n$ with the same number of edges and vertices. This paper proves that $VQ_n$ is vertex-transitive. This property shows that when $VQ_n$ is used to model ... More

Cycles and Paths Embedded in Varietal HypercubesNov 19 2012The varietal hypercube $VQ_n$ is a variant of the hypercube $Q_n$ and has better properties than $Q_n$ with the same number of edges and vertices. This paper shows that every edge of $VQ_n$ is contained in cycles of every length from 4 to $2^n$ except ... More

Monogamy relations of all quantum correlation measures for multipartite quantum systemsMay 05 2019The monogamy relations of quantum correlation restrict the sharability of quantum correlations in multipartite quantum states. We show that all measures of quantum correlations satisfy some kind of monogamy relations for arbitrary multipartite quantum ... More

Quantifying quantum coherence and non-classical correlation based on Hellinger distanceJun 28 2018Quantum coherence and non-classical correlation are key features of quantum world. Quantifying coherence and non-classical correlation are two key tasks in quantum information theory. First, we present a bona fide measure of quantum coherence by utilizing ... More

Superactivation of monogamy relations for nonadditive quantum correlation measuresMar 27 2019We investigate the general monogamy and polygamy relations satisfied by quantum correlation measures. We show that there exist two real numbers $\alpha$ and $\beta$ such that for any quantum correlation measure $Q$, $Q^x$ is monogamous if $x\geq \alpha$ ... More

Polygamy relations of multipartite entanglement beyond qubitsMar 27 2019We investigate the polygamy relations related to the concurrence of assistance for any multipartite pure states. General polygamy inequalities given by the $\alpha$th $(0\leq \alpha\leq 2)$ power of concurrence of assistance is first presented for multipartite ... More

Tighter entanglement monogamy relations of qubit systemsFeb 11 2017Monogamy relations characterize the distributions of entanglement in multipartite systems. We investigate monogamy relations related to the concurrence $C$ and the entanglement of formation $E$. We present new entanglement monogamy relations satisfied ... More

Dynamics of strangeness production in heavy-ion collisions near threshold energiesOct 13 2010Within the framework of the improved isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamics (ImIQMD) model, the dynamics of strangeness (K$^{0,+}$, $\Lambda$ and $\Sigma^{-,0,+}$) production in heavy-ion collisions near threshold energies is investigated systematically, ... More

Creating Boolean Functions for the Five-EPR-Pair, Single-Error-Correcting CodeMay 08 2004Jun 20 2004A quantum single-error-correcting scheme can be derived from a one-way entanglement purification protocol in purifying one Bell state from a finite block of five Bell states. The main issue to be concerned with in the theory of such an error-correction ... More

Pion Production in Heavy-ion Collisions in the 1 A GeV regionApr 20 2009Within the framework of the improved isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamics (ImIQMD) model, the pion emission in heavy-ion collisions in the region 1 A GeV is investigated systematically, in which the pion is considered to be mainly produced by ... More

SoundLoc: Acoustic Method for Indoor Localization without InfrastructureJul 16 2014Identifying locations of occupants is beneficial to energy management in buildings. A key observation in indoor environment is that distinct functional areas are typically controlled by separate HVAC and lighting systems and room level localization is ... More

Modeling of End-Use Energy Profile: An Appliance-Data-Driven Stochastic ApproachJun 24 2014In this paper, the modeling of building end-use energy profile is comprehensively investigated. Top-down and Bottom-up approaches are discussed with a focus on the latter for better integration with occupant information. Compared to the Time-Of-Use (TOU) ... More

Tighter monogamy relations of quantum entanglement for multiqubit W-class statesDec 16 2017Monogamy relations characterize the distributions of entanglement in multipartite systems. We investigate monogamy relations for multiqubit generalized W-class states. We present new analytical monogamy inequalities for the concurrence of assistance, ... More

Effect of inhomogeneous magnetic flux on double-dot Aharonov-Bohm InterferometerJul 03 2003Apr 14 2004The influence of the inhomogeneous distribution of the magnetic flux on quantum transport through coupled double quantum dots embedded in an Aharonov-Bohm interferometer are investigated. We show that the effective tunnelling coupling between two dots ... More

Yangian symmetry in molecule {V6} and four-spin Heisenberg modelJul 27 2009Oct 18 2010The symmetry operator $Q=Y^2$ is introduced to re-describe the Heisenberg spin triangles in the \{V6\} molecule, where $\mathbf{Y}$ stands for the Yangian operator which can be viewed as special form of Dzyaloshiky-Moriya (DM) interaction for spin 1/2 ... More

A secret sharing scheme on p^2 -dimensional quantum systemJan 18 2018In this paper, we give the mutually unbiased bases on the p^2 -dimensional quantum system where p is an odd prime number, and construct the corresponding unitary transformation based on the properties of these mutually unbiased bases. Then, we construct ... More

Strategic nomadic-colonial switching: Stochastic noise and subsidence-recovery cyclesJan 23 2018Previously, we developed a population model incorporating the Allee effect and periodic environmental fluctuations, in which organisms alternate between nomadic and colonial behaviours. This switching strategy is regulated by biological clocks and the ... More

Fusion dynamics of symmetric systems near barrier energiesSep 06 2009The enhancement of the sub-barrier fusion cross sections was explained as the lowering of the dynamical fusion barriers within the framework of the improved isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (ImIQMD) model. The numbers of nucleon transfer in ... More

Probing high-density behavior of symmetry energy from pion emission in heavy-ion collisionsApr 20 2009Jan 08 2010Within the framework of the improved isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamics (ImIQMD) model, the emission of pion in heavy-ion collisions in the region 1 A GeV as a probe of nuclear symmetry energy at supra-saturation densities is investigated systematically, ... More

Collapses and revivals of exciton emission in a semiconductor microcavity: detuning and phase-space filling effectsFeb 12 2004We investigate exciton emission of quantum well embedded in a semiconductor microcavity. The analytical expressions of the light intensity for the cases of excitonic number state and coherent state are presented by using secular approximation. Our results ... More

Finite Element Modeling of Metasurfaces with Generalized Sheet Transition ConditionsNov 17 2016Mar 07 2017A modeling of metasurfaces in the finite element method (FEM) based on generalized sheet transition conditions (GSTCs) is presented. The discontinuities in electromagnetic fields across a metasurface as represented by the GSTC are modeled by assigning ... More

Finer Distribution of Quantum Correlations among Multiqubit SystemsDec 01 2018We study the distribution of quantum correlations characterized by monogamy relations in multipartite systems. By using the Hamming weight of the binary vectors associated with the subsystems, we establish a class of monogamy inequalities for multiqubit ... More

Cluster multiplication theorem in the quantum cluster algebra of type $A_{2}^{(2)}$Jun 14 2017Apr 14 2018The objective of the present paper is to prove cluster multiplication theorem in the quantum cluster algebra of type $A_{2}^{(2)}$. As corollaries, we obtain bar-invariant $\mathbb{Z}[q^{\pm\frac{1}{2}}]$-bases established in [6], and naturally deduce ... More

Target assignment for robots constrained by limited communication rangeFeb 15 2017This paper investigates the task assignment problem for multiple dispersed robots constrained by limited communication range. The robots are initially randomly distributed and need to visit several target locations while minimizing the total travel time. ... More

Entanglement monogamy and entanglement evolution in multipartite systemsJun 02 2009Oct 16 2009We analyze the entanglement distribution and the two-qubit residual entanglement in multipartite systems. For a composite system consisting of two cavities interacting with independent reservoirs, it is revealed that the entanglement evolution is restricted ... More

Light Collimation and Focussing by a Thin Flat Metallic SlabMay 23 2005We present experimental and theoretical work showing that a flat metallic slab can collimate and focus light impinging on the slab from a punctual source. The effect is optimised when the radiation is around the bulk, not at the surface, plasma frequency. ... More

A quantum analogue of generalized cluster algebrasOct 31 2016Jan 20 2017We define a quantum analogue of a class of generalized cluster algebras which can be viewed as a generalization of quantum cluster algebras defined in \cite{berzel}. In the case of rank two, we extend some structural results from the classical theory ... More

Entanglement in a class of multiqubit mixed states without multipartite tanglesJun 12 2008Dec 22 2008Based on quantum complementary relations (QCRs) and a purification scenario, we analyze a class of N-qubit mixed states that are entangled but do not have two-, and genuine three-, four-, ..., N-qubit entanglements. It is shown that entanglement (one-tangle ... More

Generalized Bell states and principal realization of the Yangian Y(sl_N)Jan 05 2013We prove that the action of the Yangian algebra Y(sl_N) is better described by the principal generators on the tensor product of the fundamental representation and its dual. The generalized Bell states or maximally entangled states are permuted by the ... More

Is Low-Frequency-Peaked BL Lac Object OJ 287 a TeV Emitter?Sep 13 2010It is well known that there are only two low-frequency-peaked BL Lac objects (LBLs: BL Lacertae and S5 0716+714) and one flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ: 3C 279) among more than 30 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with detected TeV emissions. We study the ... More

Convergence of Contrastive Divergence Algorithm in Exponential FamilyMar 17 2016Feb 27 2018The Contrastive Divergence (CD) algorithm has achieved notable success in training energy-based models including Restricted Boltzmann Machines and played a key role in the emergence of deep learning. The idea of this algorithm is to approximate the intractable ... More

Resonance and frequency-locking phenomena in spatially extended phytoplankton-zooplankton system with additive noise and periodic forcesMay 25 2007Dec 07 2007In this paper, we present a spatial version of phytoplankton-zooplankton model that includes some important factors such as external periodic forces, noise, and diffusion processes. The spatially extended phytoplankton-zooplankton system is from the original ... More

Contractive De-noising Auto-encoderMay 17 2013Apr 23 2014Auto-encoder is a special kind of neural network based on reconstruction. De-noising auto-encoder (DAE) is an improved auto-encoder which is robust to the input by corrupting the original data first and then reconstructing the original input by minimizing ... More

Richer Convolutional Features for Edge DetectionDec 07 2016Jul 03 2019In this paper, we propose an accurate edge detector using richer convolutional features (RCF). Since objects in nature images have various scales and aspect ratios, the automatically learned rich hierarchical representations by CNNs are very critical ... More

A Riemannian Inexact Newton-CG Method for Nonnegative Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Nonsymmetric CaseJun 12 2017This paper is concerned with the nonnegative inverse eigenvalue problem of finding a nonnegative matrix such that its spectrum is the prescribed self-conjugate set of complex numbers. We first reformulate the nonnegative inverse eigenvalue problem as ... More

X-ray Radiation Mechanisms and Beaming Effect of Hot Spots and Knots in Active Galactic Nuclear JetsDec 13 2009The observed radio-optical-X-ray spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 22 hot spots and 45 knots in the jets of 35 active galactic nuclei are complied from literature and modeled with single-zone lepton models. It is found that the observed luminosities ... More

$L^{\pm}$ Operators and Quantum Enveloping AlgebrasSep 14 1995Sep 15 1995The relations between $L^{\pm}$ operators and the generators in the quantum enveloping algebras are studied. The $L^{\pm}$ operators for $U_{q}A_{N}$ and $U_{q}G_{2}$ algebras are explicitly expressed by the generators as examples.

An Improved Sequential Quadratic Programming Algorithm for Solving General Nonlinear Programming ProblemsJun 15 2012Dec 18 2012In this paper, a class of general nonlinear programming problems with inequality and equality constraints is discussed. Firstly, the original problem is transformed into an associated simpler equivalent problem with only inequality constraints. Then, ... More

Richer Convolutional Features for Edge DetectionDec 07 2016Apr 09 2017In this paper, we propose an accurate edge detector using richer convolutional features (RCF). Since objects in nature images have various scales and aspect ratios, the automatically learned rich hierarchical representations by CNNs are very critical ... More

A Generalized Information Theoretical Model for Quantum Secret SharingMar 19 2016Mar 22 2016An information theoretical model for quantum secret sharing was introduced by A. C. A. Nascimento et al.[Quantum Inf. Comput. Vol.5,1,205,68-79(2003)], which was analyzed by quantum information theory. In this paper, we analyze this information theoretical ... More

Supermassive Black Holes with High Accretion Rates in Active Galactic Nuclei. IV. H$β$ Time Lags and Implications for Super-Eddington AccretionApr 08 2015We have completed two years of photometric and spectroscopic monitoring of a large number of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with very high accretion rates. In this paper, we report on the result of the second phase of the campaign, during 2013--2014, and ... More

SDSS J013127.34$-$032100.1: A newly discovered radio-loud quasar at $z=5.18$ with extremely high luminosityOct 10 2014Only very few z>5 quasars discovered to date are radio-loud, with a radio-to-optical flux ratio (radio-loudness parameter) higher than 10. Here we report the discovery of an optically luminous radio-loud quasar, SDSS J013127.34-032100.1 (J0131-0321 in ... More

A Possible ~20-Year Periodicity in Long-term Optical Photometric and Spectral Variations of the Nearby Radio-Quiet Active Galactic Nucleus Ark 120May 22 2017Mar 13 2019We study the long-term variability in the optical monitoring database of Ark 120, a nearby radio-quiet active galactic nucleus (AGN) at a distance of 143 Mpc (z=0.03271). We compiled the historical archival photometric and spectroscopic data since 1974 ... More

An improved phase error tolerance in Quantum search algorithmSep 11 2002Jun 24 2004As the matching condition in Grover search algorithm is transgressed due to inevitable errors in phase inversions, it gives a reduction in maximum probability of success. With a given degree of maximum success, we have derive the generalized and imroved ... More

Is the line-like optical afterglow SED of GRB 050709 due to a flare?Nov 07 2016Recently Jin et al. (2016) reanalyzed the optical observation data of GRB 050709 and reported a line-like spectral energy distribution (SED) component observed by the Very Large Telescope at $t\sim 2.5$ days after the trigger of the burst, which had been ... More

Production of new superheavy Z=108-114 nuclei with $^{238}$U, $^{244}$Pu and $^{248,250}$Cm targetsDec 21 2009Within the framework of the dinuclear system (DNS) model, production cross sections of new superheavy nuclei with charged numbers Z=108-114 are analyzed systematically. Possible combinations based on the actinide nuclides $^{238}$U, $^{244}$Pu and $^{248,250}$Cm ... More

The bulk Lorentz factor of outflow powering X-ray flare in GRB afterglowSep 21 2010We develop two methods to estimate the bulk Lorentz factor of X-ray flare outflow. In the first method the outflow is assumed to be baryonic and is accelerated by the thermal pressure, for which the final bulk Lorentz factor is limited by the outflow ... More

Jantzen filtration of Weyl modules, product of Young symmetrizers and denominator of Young's seminormal basisApr 30 2019Let $G$ be a connected reductive algebraic group over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, $\Delta(\lambda)$ denote the Weyl module of $G$ of highest weight $\lambda$ and $\iota_{\lambda,\mu}:\Delta(\lambda+\mu)\to \Delta(\lambda)\otimes\Delta(\mu)$ ... More

Fast Symbolic 3D Registration SolutionMay 12 2018Jul 01 20193D registration has always been performed invoking singular value decomposition (SVD) or eigenvalue decomposition (EIG) in real engineering practices. However, these numerical algorithms suffer from uncertainty of convergence in many cases. A novel fast ... More

Generalized Entanglement Monogamy and Polygamy Relations for N -Qubit SystemsMay 05 2019We investigate the generalized monogamy and polygamy relations $N$-qubit systems. We give a general upper bound of the $\alpha$th ($0\leq\alpha\leq2$) power of concurrence for $N$-qubit states. The monogamy relations satisfied by the $\alpha$th ($0\leq\alpha\leq2$) ... More

Fast Symbolic 3D Registration SolutionMay 12 20183D registration has always been performed invoking singular value decomposition (SVD) or eigenvalue decomposition (EIG) in real engineering practices. However, numerical algorithms suffer from uncertainty of convergence in many cases. A novel fast symbolic ... More

Quantifying quantum coherence based on the generalized $α-z-$relative R$\acute{e}$nyi entropyMay 06 2019We present a family of coherence quantifiers based on the generalized $\alpha-z-$relative R$\acute{e}$nyi entropy. These quantifiers satisfy all the standard criteria for well-defined measures of coherence, and include some existing coherence measures ... More

Hamiltonian and measuring time for analog quantum searchSep 15 2002Oct 30 2002We derive in this study a Hamiltonian to solve with certainty the analog quantum search problem analogue to the Grover algorithm. The general form of the initial state is considered. Since the evaluation of the measuring time for finding the marked state ... More

Analytical technique for simplification of the encoder-decoder circuit for a perfect five-qubit error correctionOct 01 2004Dec 23 2005Simpler encoding and decoding networks are necessary for more reliable quantum error correcting codes (QECCs). The simplification of the encoder-decoder circuit for a perfect five-qubit QECC can be derived analytically if the QECC is converted from its ... More

Multi-object searching algorithm using subgrouped oraclesMay 28 2002Jun 16 2002We present in this work, if a set of well organized suboracles is available, an algorithm for multiobject search with certainty in an unsorted database of $N$ items. Depending on the number of the objects, the technique of phase tunning is included in ... More

Spin squeezing in a generalized one-axis twisting modelApr 03 2009Jun 27 2009We investigate the dependence of spin squeezing on the polar angle of the initial coherent spin state $|\theta_0, \phi_0>$ in a generalized one-axis twisting model, where the detuning $\delta$ is taken into account. We show explicitly that regardless ... More

Influence of entrance channels on formation of superheavy nuclei in massive fusion reactionsApr 20 2009Within the framework of the dinuclear system (DNS) model, the production cross sections of superheavy nuclei Hs (Z=108) and Z=112 combined with different reaction systems are analyzed systematically. It is found that the mass asymmetries and the reaction ... More

Improved monogamy relations with concurrence of assistance and negativity of assistance for multiqubit W-class statesJul 18 2018Monogamy relations characterize the distributions of entanglement in multipartite systems. We investigate the monogamy relations satisfied by the concurrence of assistance and the negativity of assistance for multiqubit generalized $W$-class states. Analytical ... More