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Generalized Landau-Lifshitz Equation into $S^n$Sep 13 2010In this paper, a type of integrable evolution equation--the generalized Landau-Lifshitz equation into $S^n$ is considered. We deal with this equation from a geometric point of view by rewriting it in a geometric form. Through the geometric energy method, ... More

State Transitions in Ultracompact Neutron Star LMXBs: towards the Low Luminosity LimitNov 21 2017Luminosity of X-ray spectral state transitions in black hole and neutron star X-ray binaries can put constraint on the critical mass accretion rate between accretion regimes. Previous studies indicate that the hard-to-soft spectral state transitions in ... More

Some sharp results on the generalized Turán numbersFeb 04 2018For graphs $T, H$, let $ex(n,T,H)$ denote the maximum number of copies of $T$ in an $n$-vertex $H$-free graph. In this paper we prove some sharp results on this generalization of Tur\'an numbers, where our focus is for the graphs $T,H$ satisfying $\chi(T)<\chi(H)$. ... More

Comments on Noncommutative ADHM ConstructionOct 17 2002Nov 06 2002We extend the method of matrix partition to obtain explicitly the gauge field for noncommutative ADHM construction in some general cases. As an application of this method we apply it to the U(2) 2-instanton and get explicit result for the gauge fields ... More

Density-induced reorientation of the stripe at half-filled high Landau levelsApr 03 2004The effect of a unidirectional periodic potential on the orientation of the stripe state is studied for the two-dimensional electron system at half-filled high Landau levels. By considering a quantum well with two electric subbands, it is found that the ... More

Cancellation conjecture for free associative algebrasJun 21 2006We develop a new method to deal with the Cancellation Conjecture of Zariski in different environments. We prove the conjecture for free associative algebras of rank two. We also produce a new proof of the conjecture for polynomial algebras of rank two ... More

Non-extendable isomorphisms between affine varietiesOct 21 2001In this paper, we report several large classes of affine varieties (over an arbitrary field $K$ of characteristic 0) with the following property: each variety in these classes has an isomorphic copy such that the corresponding isomorphism cannot be extended ... More

On the lifting of the Nagata automorphismNov 15 2010Feb 21 2011It is proved that the Nagata automorphism (Nagata coordinates, respectively) of the polynomial algebra $F[x,y,z]$ over a field $F$ cannot be lifted to a $z$-automorphism ($z$-coordinate, respectively) of the free associative algebra $K<x,y,z>$. The proof ... More

Quantum Communications with Compressed Decoherence Using Bright Squeezed LightOct 11 2008We propose a scheme for long-distance distribution of quantum entanglement in which the entanglement between qubits at intermediate stations of the channel is established by using bright light pulses in squeezed states coupled to the qubits in cavities ... More

Test elements, retracts and automorphic orbitsJul 07 2008Let $A_2$ be a free associative or polynomial algebra of rank two over a field $K$ of characteristic zero. Based on the degree estimate of Makar-Limanov and J.-T.Yu, we prove: 1) An element $p \in A_2$ is a test element if $p$ does not belong to any proper ... More

Theoretical stability in coefficient inverse problems for general hyperbolic equations with numerical reconstructionMay 18 2017In this article, we investigate the determination of the spatial component in the time-dependent second order coefficient of a hyperbolic equation from both theoretical and numerical aspects. By the Carleman estimates for general hyperbolic operators ... More

Engineering planar transverse domain walls in biaxial magnetic nanostrips by tailoring transverse magnetic fields with uniform orientationDec 03 2018Designing and realizing various magnetization textures in magnetic nanostructures are essential for developing novel magnetic nanodevices in modern information industry. Among all these textures, planar transverse domain walls (pTDWs) are the simplest ... More

Quantum Interfaces Using Nanoscale Surface PlasmonsSep 24 2008The strong coupling between individual optical emitters and propagating surface plasmons confined to a conducting nanotip make this system act as an ideal interface for quantum networks, through which a stationary qubit and a flying photon (surface plasmon) ... More

A multiwavelength study of the star forming H II region Sh2-82May 05 2016Based on a multiwavelength study, the interstellar medium and young stellar objects (YSOs) around the HII region Sh2-82 have been analyzed. Two molecular clumps were found from the archival data of the Galactic Ring Survey, and using the Two Micron All-Sky ... More

Existence of translating solutions to the flow by powers of mean curvature on unbounded domainsSep 16 2010In this paper, we prove the existence of classical solutions of the Dirichlet problem for a class of quasi-linear elliptic equations on unbounded domains like a cone or a U-type domain. This problem comes from the study of mean curvature flow and its ... More

Asymptotics of Sample Entropy Production Rate for Stochastic Differential EquationsOct 07 2015By using the dimension-free Harnack inequality and the integration by parts formula for the associated diffusion semigroup, we prove the central limit theorem, the moderate deviation principle, and the logarithmic iteration law for the sample entropy ... More

Leptonic Decay of Upsilon, a Possible Signature of New PhysicsNov 09 2009Apr 13 2010We calculate the inclusive decay width of $\Upsilon \to l^+ l^-$. Then we get the ratio $R_{\tau\mu}=\Gamma[\Upsilon \to \tau^+\tau^-]/ \Gamma[\Upsilon \to \mu^+\mu^-]$ to ${\cal{O}}(\alpha)$ and ${\cal{O}}(\alpha_s^2)$ within the Standard Model(SM). ... More

Improving Energy Efficiency Through Multimode Transmission in the Downlink MIMO SystemsJul 13 2011Jan 18 2012Adaptively adjusting system parameters including bandwidth, transmit power and mode to maximize the "Bits per-Joule" energy efficiency (BPJ-EE) in the downlink MIMO systems with imperfect channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) is considered ... More

Qubit Entanglement Dephasing Dynamics Driven by a Bath of SpinsSep 11 2010Sep 16 2010We study the entanglement dynamics for a two-spin system coupled to a spin environment of different configurations by z-x type interaction. The models considered in this paper are solved both analytically and numerically giving rise to some concise analytical ... More

Endomorphisms preserving coordinates of polynomial algebrasOct 19 2011Oct 23 2011It is proved that the Jacobian of a k-endomorphism of k[x_1,...,x_n] over a field k of characteristic zero taking every tame coordinate to a coordinate, must be a nonzero constant in k. It is also proved that the Jacobian of an R-endomorphism of A:=R[x_1,...,x_n] ... More

Cluster-Based Regularized Sliced Inverse Regression for Forecasting Macroeconomic VariablesOct 27 2011Dec 02 2013This article concerns the dimension reduction in regression for large data set. We introduce a new method based on the sliced inverse regression approach, called cluster-based regularized sliced inverse regression. Our method not only keeps the merit ... More

First Principles Study of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Point Defects in Monolayer WSe2Jan 16 2019We present a detailed first principles density functional theory study of intrinsic and extrinsic point defects in monolayer (ML) WSe2. Among the intrinsic point defects, Se vacancies (Sevac) have the lowest formation energy (disregarding Se adatoms that ... More

Proposal for a loophole-free Bell test with electron spins of donorsMar 28 2008Mar 26 2009So far, all experimental tests of Bell inequalities which must be satisfied by all local realistic hidden-variable theories and are violated by quantum mechanical predictions have left at least one loophole open. We propose a feasible setup allowing for ... More

Triple prompt $J/ψ$ hadroproduction as a hard probe of multiple-parton scatteringsFeb 13 2019We propose the process of triple prompt $J/\psi$ hadroproduction is a very clean hard probe of multiple-parton scatterings at high-energy hadron colliders, especially the least known triple-parton scattering. A first complete study is carried out by considering ... More

Calculating the Finite-Speed-of-Light Effect in Atom Gravimeters with General RelativityAug 09 2016This work mainly presents a relativistic analytical calculating method for the finite speed-of-light effect in atom gravimeters, which can simplify the deriva- tion and give a more complete expression for the associated correction.

Cotorsion pairs in the cluster category of a marked surfaceMay 07 2012We study extension spaces, cotorsion pairs and their mutations in the cluster category of a marked surface without punctures. Under the one-to-one correspondence between the curves, valued closed curves in the marked surface and the indecomposable objects ... More

Complete Study of Hadroproduction of a $Υ$ Meson Associated with a Prompt $J/ψ$May 10 2016Aug 07 2016We present the first complete study of $\Upsilon$ and prompt $J/\psi$ production from single-parton scattering, including the complete $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_S^6)$ color-singlet contribution, the $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_S^2\alpha^2)$ electroweak contribution, ... More

On The Zariski Topology Of Automorphism Groups Of Affine Spaces And AlgebrasJul 09 2012Apr 01 2013We study the Zariski topology of the ind-groups of polynomial and free associative algebras $\Aut(K[x_1,...,x_n])$ (which is equivalent to the automorphism group of the affine space $\Aut(K^n))$) and $\Aut(K< x_1,..., x_n>$ via $\Ind$-schemes, toric varieties, ... More

Deep Learning Classification in Asteroseismology Using an Improved Neural Network: Results on 15000 Kepler Red Giants and Applications to K2 and TESS DataFeb 20 2018Deep learning in the form of 1D convolutional neural networks have previously been shown to be capable of efficiently classifying the evolutionary state of oscillating red giants into red giant branch stars and helium-core burning stars by recognizing ... More

Acoustic coupling between cascade sub-chambers and its influence on overall transmission lossNov 30 2015In this letter, acoustic interaction between cascade sub-chambers is investigated by modelling the sound field in a silencer with cascade-connected sub-chambers using a sub-structuring technique. The contribution of the acoustic coupling to the net energy ... More

Efficient Long-distance Quantum Communication Using Microtoroidal ResonatorsSep 23 2008Based on the interaction between a three-level system and a microtoroidal resonator, we present a scheme for long-distance quantum communication in which entanglement generation with near 0.5 success probability and swaps can be implemented by accurate ... More

Dispersive CQED interactions between matter qubits and bright squeezed lightApr 04 2008Apr 06 2008Dispersive interactions of matter qubits with bright squeezed light in a high-Q cavity is studied. Numerical simulation shows that higher fidelity of operations to obtain a certain phase shift of the pulse through the dispersive light-matter interaction ... More

Robust quantum repeater with atomic ensembles and single-photon sourcesNov 14 2008Nov 24 2008We present a quantum repeater protocol using atomic ensembles, linear optics and single-photon sources. Two local 'polarization' entangled states of atomic ensembles $u$ and $d$ are generated by absorbing a single photon emitted by an on-demand single-photon ... More

Search for $C=+$ charmonium and XYZ states in $e^+e^-\to γ+ H$ at BESIIIOct 01 2013Oct 28 2013Within the framework of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics, we study the production of $C=+$ charmonium states $H$ in $e^+e^-\to \gamma~+~H$ at BESIII with $H=\eta_c(nS)$ (n=1, 2, 3, and 4), $\chi_{cJ}(nP)$ (n=1, 2, and 3), and $^1D_2(nD)$ (n=1 and ... More

Naming Game on small-world networks: the role of clustering structureJun 30 2006Oct 15 2006Naming Game is a recently proposed model for describing how a multi-agent system can converge towards a consensus state in a self-organized way. In this paper, we investigate this model on the so-called homogeneous small-world networks and focus on the ... More

Role of initial system-bath correlation on coherence trappingFeb 09 2015We study the coherence trapping of a qubit correlated initially with a non-Markovian bath in a pure dephasing channel. By considering the initial qubit-bath correlation and the bath spectral density, we find that the initial qubit-bath correlation can ... More

The Jacobian Conjecture, together with Specht and Burnside-type problemsAug 03 2013Dec 24 2013We explore an (unpublished) approach to the famous Jacobian Conjecture by means of identities of algebras, discovered by the brilliant deceased mathematician, Alexander Vladimirovich Yagzhev (1951{2001). This approach also indicates some very close connections ... More

Liquid marbles as thermally robust droplets: coating-assisted Leidenfrost-like effectJul 03 2012The Leidenfrost effect-prolonged evaporation of droplets on a superheated surface-happens only when the surface temperature is above a certain transitional value. Here, we show that specially engineered droplets - liquid marbles - can exhibit similar ... More

A Latent Clothing Attribute Approach for Human Pose EstimationNov 16 2014As a fundamental technique that concerns several vision tasks such as image parsing, action recognition and clothing retrieval, human pose estimation (HPE) has been extensively investigated in recent years. To achieve accurate and reliable estimation ... More

Topological Charge of Noncommutative ADHM InstantonNov 23 2002Dec 16 2002We analytically calculate the topological charge of the noncommutative ADHM U(N) k-instanton using the Corrigan's identity and find that the result is exactly the instanton number k.

The Bound of Entanglement of Superpositions with More Than Two ComponentsJan 26 2007Feb 10 2008A bipartite quantum state (for two systems in any dimensions) can be decomposed as a superposition of many components. For a superposition of more than two components we prove that there is a bound of the entanglement of the superposition state which ... More

On problems about judicious bipartitions of graphsJan 25 2017Bollob\'{a}s and Scott [5] conjectured that every graph $G$ has a balanced bipartite spanning subgraph $H$ such that for each $v\in V(G)$, $d_H(v)\ge (d_G(v)-1)/2$. In this paper, we show that every graphic sequence has a realization for which this Bollob\'{a}s-Scott ... More

The Extended Bose Hubbard Model on the Two Dimensional Honeycomb LatticeJan 06 2007Mar 29 2007We study the extended Bose-Hubbard model on a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice by using large scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations. We present the ground state phase diagrams for both the hard-core case and the soft-core case. For the hard-core case, ... More

Correlated valence-bond statesJun 28 2012Jul 05 2012We study generalizations of the singlet-sector amplitude-product (AP) states in the valence-bond basis of S=1/2 quantum spin systems. In the standard AP states, the weight of a tiling of the system into valence bonds (singlets of two spins) is a product ... More

Electron-electron scatttering in Sn-doped indium oxide thick filmsJun 24 2013We have measured the low-field magnetoresistances (MRs) of a series of Sn-doped indium oxide thick films in the temperature $T$ range 4--35 K. The electron dephasing rate $1/\tau_{\varphi}$ as a function of $T$ for each film was extracted by comparing ... More

Asymptotic Finite Sample Information Losses in Neural ClassifiersFeb 15 2019This paper considers the subject of information losses arising from finite datasets used in the training of neural classifiers. It proves a relationship between such losses and the product of the expected total variation of the estimated neural model ... More

Modeling and Predicting Citation Count via Recurrent Neural Network with Long Short-Term MemoryNov 06 2018The rapid evolution of scientific research has been creating a huge volume of publications every year. Among the many quantification measures of scientific impact, citation count stands out for its frequent use in the research community. Although peer ... More

Possible composite-fermion liquid as a crossover from Wigner crystal to bubble phase in higher Landau levelJun 01 2000Nov 30 2000The ground state cohesive energies per electron of the composite fermion (CF) Fermi sea, the Laughlin state and the charge density wave (CDW) at higher Landau levels (LLs) are computed. It is shown that whereas for $n\geq 2$ LL, the CDW state is generally ... More

A systematic study on the cosmic ray antiproton fluxDec 13 2016Recently the AMS-02 collaboration has published the measurement of the cosmic antiproton to proton ratio $\bar{p}/p$ and the $\bar{p}$ flux with a high precision up to $\sim 450\,\mathrm{GeV}$. In this work, we perform a systematic analysis of the secondary ... More

Optimization of Analytic Window FunctionsAug 01 2012Analytic functions represent the state-of-the-art way of performing complex data analysis within a single SQL statement. In particular, an important class of analytic functions that has been frequently used in commercial systems to support OLAP and decision ... More

Feynman Rules for the Rational Part of the Standard Model One-loop Amplitudes in the 't Hooft-Veltman $γ_5$ SchemeJun 24 2011Sep 14 2011We study Feynman rules for the rational part $R$ of the Standard Model amplitudes at one-loop level in the 't Hooft-Veltman $\gamma_5$ scheme. Comparing our results for quantum chromodynamics and electroweak 1-loop amplitudes with that obtained based ... More

Classical Mechanics on Noncommutative Space with Lie-algebraic StructureNov 27 2009Apr 18 2011We investigate the kinetics of a nonrelativistic particle interacting with a constant external force on a Lie-algebraic noncommutative space. The structure constants of a Lie algebra, also called noncommutative parameters, are constrained in general due ... More

The general crossing relation for boundary reflection matrixMay 27 1999In this paper, we give the general crossing relation for boundary reflection matrix $R(\beta)$, which is the extension of the work given by Ghoshal and Zamolodchikov .We also use the first non-trivial extended crossing relation to determine the scaler ... More

Degeneracy and Discreteness in Cosmological Model FittingMay 25 2015Sep 18 2015We explore the degeneracy and discreteness problems in the standard cosmological model (\Lambda CDM). We use the Observational Hubble Data (OHD) and the type Ia supernova (SNe Ia) data to study this issue. In order to describe the discreteness in fitting ... More

3D Wireless: Modeling Wireless Performance by Combining Spatial and Temporal BehaviorsJun 03 2015Performance characterization is a fundamental issue in wireless networks for real time routing, wireless network simulation, and etc. There are four basic wireless operations that are required to be modeled, i.e., unicast, anycast, broadcast, and multicast. ... More

Logarithmic temperature dependence of Hall transport in granular metalsJul 22 2011We have measured the Hall coefficient $R_H$ and the electrical conductivity $\sigma$ of a series of ultrathin indium tin oxide films between 2 and 300 K. A robust $R_H$\,$\propto$\,ln$T$ law is observed in a considerably wide temperature range of 2 and ... More

Lauglin-type wavefunction of two-dimensional electrons in the tilted magnetic fieldMar 27 2002We study the fractional quantum Hall states in the tilted magnetic field. A many-particle wavefunction of the ground state, which is similar to that of Laughlin's, is constructed in the Landau gauge. We show that in the limit of thermodynamics, the concept ... More

Thermodynamics of 2+1 Flavor Polyakov-Loop Quark-Meson Model under External Magnetic FieldFeb 11 2019We study the thermodynamics of QCD system under external magnetic field via the 2+1 flavor Polyakov-loop quark-meson model. To incorporate quantum and thermal fluctuations, the functional renormalization group approach is implemented in our work. Pressure, ... More

The relation between outburst rate and orbital period in low-mass X-ray binary transientsJan 02 2019We have investigated the outburst properties of low-mass X-ray binary transients (LMXBTs) based on a comprehensive study of the outbursts observed in the past few decades. The outburst rates were estimated based on the X-ray monitoring data from Swift/BAT, ... More

A consistent and unified picture for critical phenomena of $f(R)$ AdS black holesFeb 03 2016Apr 25 2016A consistent and unified picture for critical phenomena of charged AdS black holes in $f(R)$ gravity is drawn in this paper. Firstly, we investigate the phase transition in canonical ensemble. We derive the explicit solutions corresponding to the divergence ... More

Efficient excitation of a symmetric collective atomic state with a single-photon through dipole blockadeMar 03 2010In the famous quantum communication scheme developed by Duan {\it et al.}[L.M. Duan, M.D. Lukin, J.I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature (London) {\bf 414} 413 (2001)], the probability of successful generating a symmetric collective atomic state with a single-photon ... More

Long-distance quantum communication with "polarization" maximally entangled statesSep 22 2008Mar 03 2010We propose a scheme for long-distance quantum communication where the elementary entanglement is generated through two-photon interference and quantum swapping is performed through one-photon interference. Local "polarization" maximally entangled states ... More

Drug-drug Interaction Extraction via Recurrent Neural Network with Multiple Attention LayersMay 09 2017May 18 2017Drug-drug interaction (DDI) is a vital information when physicians and pharmacists intend to co-administer two or more drugs. Thus, several DDI databases are constructed to avoid mistakenly combined use. In recent years, automatically extracting DDIs ... More

Paired Hall States versus Unidirectional CDW in Tilted Field for $ν={5/2}$Sep 14 1999Dec 17 2000We formulate the composite fermions in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field. As the in-plane field increases, if we assume the state at $\nu=5/2$ turns into the mixed state between the unidirectional charge density wave domains and paired Hall state, ... More

New Spinor Field Realizations of the Non-Critical $W_{3}$ StringJul 27 2005Jan 01 2007We investigate the new spinor field realizations of the $W_{3}$ algebra, making use of the fact that the $W_{3}$ algebra can be linearized by the addition of a spin-1 current. We then use these new realizations to build the nilpotent Becchi-Rouet-Stora--Tyutin ... More

Spinor Field Realizations of $W_{2,6}$ String and $W_{6}$ StringAug 16 2005In this paper the spinor field BRST charges of the W2,6 string and W6 string are constructed, where the BRST charges are graded.

Using spatial curvature with HII galaxies and cosmic chronometers to explore the tension in $H_0$Jan 20 2019We present a model-independent measurement of spatial curvature $\Omega_{k}$ in the Friedmann-Lema\^itre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) universe, based on observations of the Hubble parameter $H(z)$ using cosmic chronometers, and a Gaussian Process (GP) reconstruction ... More

Expert Finding in Community Question Answering: A ReviewApr 21 2018The rapid development recently of Community Question Answering (CQA) satisfies users quest for professional and personal knowledge about anything. In CQA, one central issue is to find users with expertise and willingness to answer the given questions. ... More

Ghost field realizations of the spinor $W_{2,s}$ strings based on the linear W(1,2,s) algebrasJul 24 2005It has been shown that certain W algebras can be linearized by the inclusion of a spin-1 current. This Provides a way of obtaining new realizations of the W algebras. In this paper, we investigate the new ghost field realizations of the W(2,s)(s=3,4) ... More

Importance of chirality and reduced flexibility of protein side chains: A study with square and tetrahedral lattice modelsApr 10 2004In simple models side chains are often represented implicitly (e.g., by spin-states) or simplified as one atom. We study side chain effects using square lattice and tetrahedral lattice models, with explicitly side chains of two atoms. We distinguish effects ... More

On measuring team stability in cooperative learning: An example of consecutive course projects on software engineeringJan 24 2014Cooperative learning theory has shown that stable membership is a hallmark of effective work teams. According to relation strength and social network centrality, this paper proposes an approach to measure team stability reasons in consecutive cooperative ... More

Reduction Schemes in Cutoff Regularization and Higgs Decay into Two PhotonsOct 31 2011Jan 16 2012We present a new systematic method to evaluate one-loop tensor integrals in conventional ultraviolet cutoff regularization. By deriving a new recursive relation that describes the momentum translation variance of ultraviolet integrals, we implement this ... More

Dijet Invariant Mass Distribution in Top Quark Hadronic Decay with QCD CorrectionsJun 27 2011Nov 21 2011The dijet invariant mass distributions from the hadronic decay of unpolarized top quark ($t\to b W^+$ followed by $W^+\to u \bar{d}$) are calculated, including the next-to-leading order QCD radiative corrections. We treat the top decay in the complex ... More

Improved Deterministic N-To-One Joint Remote Preparation of an Arbitrary Qubit via EPR PairsMay 26 2014Recently, Bich et al. (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 51: 2272, 2012) proposed two deterministic joint remote state preparation (JRSP) protocols of an arbitrary single-qubit state: one is for two preparers to remotely prepare for a receiver by using two Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen ... More

Cryptanalysis and improvement of the quantum private comparison protocol based on Bell entangled statesMay 26 2014Recently, Liu et al. [Commun. Theor. Phys. 57, 583, 2012] proposed a quantum private comparison protocol based on entanglement swapping of Bell states, which aims to securely compare the equality of two participants' information with the help of a semi-honest ... More

Pair Production of Heavy Quarkonium and $B_c(^*)$ Mesons at Hadron CollidersMar 12 2009We investigate the pair production of S-wave heavy quarkonium at the LHC in the color-singlet mechanism (CSM) and estimate the contribution from the gluon fragmentation process in the color-octet mechanism (COM) for comparison. With the matrix elements ... More

Spectrum bandwidth narrowing of Thomson scattering X-rays with energy chirped electron beams from laser wakefield accelerationDec 21 2013We study incoherent Thomson scattering between an ultrashort laser pulse and an electron beam accelerated from a laser wakefield. The energy chirp effects of the accelerated electron beam on the final radiation spectrum bandwidth are investigated. It ... More

Deep Extractor Network for Target Speaker Recovery From Single Channel Speech MixturesJul 24 2018Speaker-aware source separation methods are promising workarounds for major difficulties such as arbitrary source permutation and unknown number of sources. However, it remains challenging to achieve satisfying performance provided a very short available ... More

Enhanced correlation of electron-positron pair in the two and three dimensionsOct 15 2013Early-time electron-positron correlation in vacuum pair-production in an external field is investigated. The entangled electron and positron wave functions are obtained analytically in the configuration and momentum spaces. It is shown that, relative ... More

Multiparty quantum secret sharing with pure entangled states and decoy photonsJun 01 2007We present a scheme for multiparty quantum secret sharing of a private key with pure entangled states and decoy photons. The boss, say Alice uses the decoy photons, which are randomly in one of the four nonorthogonal single-photon states, to prevent a ... More

Spatial chaos of Wang tiles with two symbolsJul 15 2015This investigation completely classifies the spatial chaos problem in plane edge coloring (Wang tiles) with two symbols. For a set of Wang tiles $\mathcal{B}$, spatial chaos occurs when the spatial entropy $h(\mathcal{B})$ is positive. $\mathcal{B}$ is ... More

An Empirical Correlation of $T_{\rm max}$ - $M_{\rm WD}$ of Dwarf Novae and The Average White Dwarf Mass in Cataclysmic Variables in the Galactic BulgeApr 03 2018The mean white dwarf (WD) mass in the Galactic bulge cataclysmic variables (CVs) was measured by applying the the shock temperature-WD mass correlation of magnetic cataclysmic variables (mCVs) to the Galactic Bulge X-ray Emission (GBXE) spectra. However, ... More

Experimental testing of entropic uncertainty relations with multiple measurements in pure diamondOct 13 2015One unique feature of quantum mechanics is the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, which states that the outcomes of two incompatible measurements cannot simultaneously achieve arbitrary precision. In an information-theoretic context of quantum information, ... More

Demonstration of Entanglement-Enhanced Phase Estimation in SolidAug 03 2014Apr 08 2015Precise parameter estimation plays a central role in science and technology. The statistical error in estimation can be decreased by repeating measurement, leading to that the resultant uncertainty of the estimated parameter is proportional to the square ... More

Fermionization, Triangularization and IntegrabilitySep 28 2014In this article, we derive the fermionic formalism of Hamiltonians as well as corresponding excitation spectrums and states of Calogero-Sutherland(CS), Laughlin and Halperin systems, respectively. In addition, we study the triangular property of these ... More

Controlling the transport of single photons by tuning the frequency of either one or two cavities in an array of coupled cavitiesSep 15 2009Apr 14 2010We theoretically study how to control transport, bound states, and resonant states of a single photon in a one-dimensional coupled-cavity array. We find that the transport of a single photon in the cavity array can be controlled by tuning the frequency ... More

$B^*_{s,d} \to μ^+ μ^-$ and its impact on $B_{s,d} \to μ^+ μ^-$Dec 21 2015Feb 23 2016The decay of $B^*_{s,d} \to \mu^+ \mu^-$~ and its impact on $B_{s,d} \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ is studied here. The $ \mu^+ \mu^-$ decay widths of vector mesons $B^*_{s,d}$ are about a factor of 700 larger than the corresponding scalar mesons $B_{s,d}$. The obtained ... More

Gauged baryon and lepton numbers in supersymmetry with a $125\;{\rm GeV}$ HiggsFeb 28 2013Assuming that the Yukawa couplings between the Higgs and exotic quarks cannot be ignored, we analyze the signals of decay channels $h\rightarrow\gamma\gamma$ and $h\rightarrow VV^*\;(V=Z,\;W)$ with the Higgs mass around $125\;{\rm GeV}$ in a supersymmetric ... More

Electron dephasing in homogeneous and inhomogeneous indium tin oxide thin filmsFeb 08 2012The electron dephasing processes in two-dimensional homogeneous and inhomogeneous indium tin oxide thin films have been investigated in a wide temperature range 0.3--90 K. We found that the small-energy-transfer electron-electron ($e$-$e$) scattering ... More

Role of valence changes and nanoscale atomic displacements in BiS2-based superconductorsOct 31 2016Superconductivity within layered crystal structures has attracted sustained interest among condensed matter community, primarily due to their exotic superconducting properties. EuBiS2F is a newly discovered member in the BiS2-based superconducting family, ... More

Joint product numerical range and geometry of reduced density matricesJun 23 2016The reduced density matrices of a many-body quantum system form a convex set, whose three-dimensional projection $\Theta$ is convex in $\mathbb{R}^3$. The boundary $\partial\Theta$ of $\Theta$ may exhibit nontrivial geometry, in particular ruled surfaces. ... More

Exploring the sources of p-mode frequency shifts in the CoRoT target HD 49933Feb 20 2014The oscillations of the solar-like star HD 49933 have been observed thoroughly by CoRot. Two dozens of frequency shifts, which are closely related with the change in magnetic activity, have been measured. To explore the effects of the magnetic activity ... More

Electron resonant tunneling through InAs/GaAs quantum dots embedded in a Schottky diode with an AlAs insertion layerDec 06 2007Molecular beam epitaxy is employed to manufacture self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dot Schottky resonant tunneling diodes. By virtue of a thin AlAs insertion barrier, the thermal current is effectively reduced and electron resonant tunneling through quantum ... More

Implications for dark matter annihilation from the AMS-02 $\bar{p}/p$ ratioApr 27 2015The AMS-02 collaboration has just released the cosmic antiproton to proton ratio $\bar{p}/p$ with a high precision up to $\sim 450$ GeV. In this work, we calculate the secondary antiprotons generated by cosmic ray interactions with the interstellar medium ... More

Mesh-based Autoencoders for Localized Deformation Component AnalysisSep 13 2017Dec 16 2017Spatially localized deformation components are very useful for shape analysis and synthesis in 3D geometry processing. Several methods have recently been developed, with an aim to extract intuitive and interpretable deformation components. However, these ... More

Quantum switch for single-photon transport in a coupled superconducting transmission line resonator arrayApr 06 2009Jul 28 2009We propose and study an approach to realize quantum switch for single-photon transport in a coupled superconducting transmission line resonator (TLR) array with one controllable hopping interaction. We find that the single-photon with arbitrary wavevector ... More

Symmetry of Generalized Randall-Sundrum Model and Distribution of 3-Branes in Six-Dimensional SpacetimeJun 11 2015A generalization from the usual $5$-dimensional two-brane Randall-Sundrum (RS) model to a $6$-dimensional multi-brane RS model is presented. The extra dimensions are extended from one to two; correspondingly the single-variable warp function is generalized ... More

Particle collisions in the lower dimensional rotating black hole space-time with the cosmological constantFeb 19 2012Mar 11 2014In this paper, we study the effect of ultra-high energy collisions of two particles with different energies near the horizon of a 2+1 dimensional BTZ black hole (BSW effect). We find that the particle with the critical angular momentum could exist inside ... More

A critical point in Sr2-xIrO4 and less distorted IrO6 octahedra induced by deep Sr-vacanciesOct 31 2016For the Sr2-xIrO4 system, recent work pointed out the abnormal electronic and magnetic properties around the critical point. Here, to understand Sr-vacancy effect on spin-orbit coupled Mott insulator Sr2IrO4, the electronic structure and local structure ... More

Early thermalization of quark-gluon matter with the elastic scattering of ggq and ggqbarMay 22 2013Elastic gluon-gluon-quark (gluon-gluon-antiquark) scattering is studied in perturbative QCD with 123 Feynman diagrams at the tree level. Individually squared amplitudes and interference terms of the Feynman diagrams are derived. With the elastic gluon-gluon-quark ... More