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Hyperfine-Enhanced Gyromagnetic Ratio of a Nuclear Spin in DiamondMar 25 2015Nuclear spins in the solid state environment of diamond are highly coherent, but difficult to rapidly control due to the small nuclear gyromagnetic ratio. Here we demonstrate a more than 50-fold enhancement of the effective nuclear gyromagnetic ratio ... More

Dispersive readout of valley splittings in cavity-coupled silicon quantum dotsJul 29 2016The bandstructure of bulk silicon has a six-fold valley degeneracy. Strain in the Si/SiGe quantum well system partially lifts the valley degeneracy, but the materials factors that set the splitting of the two lowest lying valleys are still under intense ... More

High-quality quantum point contact in two-dimensional GaAs (311)A hole systemSep 29 2008We studied ballistic transport across a quantum point contact (QPC) defined in a high-quality, GaAs (311)A two-dimensional (2D) hole system using shallow etching and top-gating. The QPC conductance exhibits up to 11 quantized plateaus. The ballistic one-dimensional ... More

Measurements of strongly-anisotropic g-factors for spins in single quantum statesJun 22 2002We have measured the full angular dependence, as a function of the direction of magnetic field, for the Zeeman splitting of individual energy states in copper nanoparticles. The g-factors for spin splitting are highly anisotropic, with angular variations ... More

Controlled MOCVD growth of Bi2Se3 topological insulator nanoribbonsJun 14 2012Topological insulators are a new class of materials that support topologically protected electronic surface states. Potential applications of the surface states in low dissipation electronic devices have motivated efforts to create nanoscale samples with ... More

Correlating the nanostructure and electronic properties of InAs nanowiresDec 08 2009Oct 04 2010The electronic properties and nanostructure of InAs nanowires are correlated by creating multiple field effect transistors (FETs) on nanowires grown to have low and high defect density segments. 4.2 K carrier mobilities are ~4X larger in the nominally ... More

A quadrupolar exchange-only spin qubitJul 27 2018We propose a quadrupolar exchange-only spin (QUEX) qubit that is highly robust against charge noise and nuclear spin dephasing, the dominant decoherence mechanisms in quantum dots. The qubit consists of four electrons trapped in three quantum dots, and ... More

Harnessing the GaAs quantum dot nuclear spin bath for quantum controlFeb 24 2010Dec 20 2011We theoretically demonstrate that nuclear spins can be harnessed to coherently control two-electron spin states in a double quantum dot. Hyperfine interactions lead to an avoided crossing between the spin singlet state and the ms = +1 triplet state, T_+ ... More

Interplay of charge and spin coherence in Landau-Zener-Stückelberg-Majorana interferometryOct 06 2012Jul 16 2013We study Landau-Zener dynamics in a double quantum dot filled with two electrons, where the spin states can become correlated with charge states and the level velocity can be tuned in a time-dependent fashion. We show that a correct interpretation of ... More

Optimized cavity-mediated dispersive two-qubit gates between spin qubitsFeb 20 2019The recent realization of a coherent interface between a single electron in a silicon quantum dot and a single photon trapped in a superconducting cavity opens the way for implementing photon-mediated two-qubit entangling gates. In order to couple a spin ... More

Studies of spin-orbit scattering in noble-metal nanoparticles using energy level tunneling spectroscopyJun 21 2001The effects of spin-orbit scattering on discrete electronic energy levels are studied in copper, silver, and gold nanoparticles. Level-to-level fluctuations of the effective $g$-factor for Zeeman splitting are characterized, and the statistics are found ... More

Probing electron-phonon interactions in the charge-photon dynamics of cavity-coupled double quantum dotsNov 03 2017Electron-phonon coupling is known to play an important role in the charge dynamics of semiconductor quantum dots. Here we explore its role in the combined charge-photon dynamics of cavity-coupled double quantum dots. Previous work on these systems has ... More

Fast Room-Temperature Phase Gate on a Single Nuclear Spin in DiamondMar 13 2014Jul 14 2014Nuclear spins support long lived quantum coherence due to weak coupling to the environment, but are difficult to rapidly control using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) as a result of the small nuclear magnetic moment. We demonstrate a fast ~ 500 ns nuclear ... More

Spin-dependent transport in molecular tunnel junctionsApr 30 2004We present measurements of magnetic tunnel junctions made using a self-assembled-monolayer molecular barrier. Ni/octanethiol/Ni samples were fabricated in a nanopore geometry. The devices exhibit significant changes in resistance as the angle between ... More

A coherent beam splitter for electronic spin statesOct 04 2010Rapid coherent control of electron spin states is required for implementation of a spin-based quantum processor. We demonstrate coherent control of electronic spin states in a double quantum dot by sweeping an initially prepared spin singlet state through ... More

MOCVD synthesis of compositionally tuned topological insulator nanowiresJul 22 2015Device applications involving topological insulators (TIs) will require the development of scalable methods for fabricating TI samples with sub-micron dimensions, high quality surfaces, and controlled compositions. Here we use Bi-, Se-, and Te-bearing ... More

Large anomalous Hall effect in ferromagnetic insulator-topological insulator heterostructuresJul 05 2014Aug 25 2014We demonstrate the van der Waals epitaxy of the topological insulator compound Bi2Te3 on the ferromagnetic insulator Cr2Ge2Te6. The layers are oriented with (001) of Bi2Te3 parallel to (001) of Cr2Ge2Te6 and (110) of Bi2Te3 parallel to (100) of Cr2Ge2Te6. ... More

Fast charge sensing of a cavity-coupled double quantum dot using a Josephson parametric amplifierFeb 04 2015We demonstrate fast readout of a double quantum dot (DQD) that is coupled to a superconducting resonator. Utilizing parametric amplification in a nonlinear operational mode, we improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) by a factor of 2000 compared to the ... More

Polarized Temperature Dependent Raman Study of Bi2Te3-Cr2Ge2Te6 heterostructure and the Ferromagnetic Insulator Cr2Ge2Te6Oct 07 2014Cr2Ge2Te6 has been of interest for decades, as it is one of only a few ferromagnetic insulators. Recently, this material has been revisited due to its potential as a substrate for Bi2Te3, a topological insulator. This enables the possibility of studying ... More

Phonon-Assisted Gain in a Semiconductor Double Quantum Dot MaserJan 14 2015Apr 13 2015We develop a microscopic model for the recently demonstrated double quantum dot (DQD) maser. In characterizing the gain of this device we find that, in addition to the direct stimulated emission of photons, there is a large contribution from the simultaneous ... More

Photon Emission from a Cavity-Coupled Double Quantum DotJan 30 2014Jul 28 2014We study a voltage biased InAs double quantum dot (DQD) that is coupled to a superconducting transmission line resonator. Inelastic tunneling in the DQD is mediated by electron phonon coupling and coupling to the cavity mode. We show that electronic transport ... More

Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics Architecture for Gate-Defined Quantum Dots in SiliconOct 18 2016We demonstrate a hybrid device architecture where the charge states in a double quantum dot (DQD) formed in a Si/SiGe heterostructure are read out using an on-chip superconducting microwave cavity. A quality factor Q = 5,400 is achieved by selectively ... More

Single charge sensing and transport in double quantum dots fabricated from commercially grown Si/SiGe heterostructuresDec 13 2011Mar 21 2012We perform quantum Hall measurements on three types of commercially available modulation doped Si/SiGe heterostructures to determine their suitability for depletion gate defined quantum dot devices. By adjusting the growth parameters, we are able to achieve ... More

Injection Locking of a Semiconductor Double Quantum Dot MicromaserAug 17 2015Emission linewidth is an important figure of merit for masers and lasers. We recently demonstrated a semiconductor double quantum dot (DQD) micromaser where photons are generated through single electron tunneling events. Charge noise directly couples ... More

Sisyphus Thermalization of Photons in a Cavity-Coupled Double Quantum DotDec 03 2015Oct 11 2016We investigate the non-classical states of light that emerge in a microwave resonator coupled to a periodically-driven electron in a nanowire double quantum dot (DQD). Under certain drive configurations, we find that the resonator approaches a thermal ... More

Semiconductor double quantum dot micromaserJul 22 2015The coherent generation of light, from masers to lasers, relies upon the specific structure of the individual emitters that lead to gain. Devices operating as lasers in the few-emitter limit provide opportunities for understanding quantum coherent phenomena, ... More

Nonadiabatic quantum control of a semiconductor charge qubitJul 25 2011Mar 25 2012We demonstrate multipulse quantum control of a single electron charge qubit. The qubit is manipulated by applying nonadiabatic voltage pulses to a surface depletion gate and readout is achieved using a quantum point contact charge sensor. We observe Ramsey ... More

Input-output theory for spin-photon coupling in Si double quantum dotsOct 06 2017The interaction of qubits via microwave frequency photons enables long-distance qubit-qubit coupling and facilitates the realization of a large-scale quantum processor. However, qubits based on electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots have proven ... More

Highly-tunable formation of nitrogen-vacancy centers via ion implantationJul 05 2014Aug 26 2014We demonstrate highly-tunable formation of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers using 20 keV 15N+ ion implantation through arrays of high-resolution apertures fabricated with electron beam lithography. By varying the aperture diameters from 80 to 240 nm, as ... More

The Role of Multilevel Landau-Zener Interference in Extreme Harmonic GenerationJul 27 2016Motivated by the observation of multiphoton electric dipole spin resonance processes in InAs nanowires, we theoretically study the transport dynamics of a periodically driven five-level system, modeling the level structure of a two-electron double quantum ... More

Extreme Harmonic Generation in Electrically Driven Spin ResonanceDec 13 2013Jul 03 2014We report the observation of multiple harmonic generation in electric dipole spin resonance in an InAs nanowire double quantum dot. The harmonics display a remarkable detuning dependence: near the interdot charge transition as many as eight harmonics ... More

Spins in few-electron quantum dotsOct 16 2006Jun 05 2007This review describes the physics of spins in quantum dots containing one or two electrons, from an experimentalist's viewpoint. Various methods for extracting spin properties from experiment are presented, restricted exclusively to electrical measurements. ... More

Comment on `Vacuum Rabi Splitting in a Semiconductor Circuit QED System' by Toida et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 066802 - Published 6 February 2013Apr 12 2013Toida et al. claim in their recent article [Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 066802 (2013)] that they `report a direct observation of vacuum Rabi splitting in a GaAs/AlGaAs double quantum dot (DQD) based charge qubit coupled with a superconducting coplanar waveguide ... More

Quantum Coherence in a One-Electron Semiconductor Charge QubitAug 18 2010May 07 2011We study quantum coherence in a semiconductor charge qubit formed from a GaAs double quantum dot containing a single electron. Voltage pulses are applied to depletion gates to drive qubit rotations and non-invasive state readout is achieved using a quantum ... More

Charge Relaxation in a Single Electron Si/SiGe Double Quantum DotApr 09 2013Apr 15 2013We measure the interdot charge relaxation time T_1 of a single electron trapped in an accumulation mode Si/SiGe double quantum dot. The energy level structure of the charge qubit is determined using photon assisted tunneling, which reveals the presence ... More

Manipulation of a single charge in a double quantum dotAug 06 2004We manipulate a single electron in a fully tunable double quantum dot using microwave excitation. Under resonant conditions, microwaves drive transitions between the (1,0) and (0,1) charge states of the double dot. Local quantum point contact charge detectors ... More

Coherent Adiabatic Spin Control in the Presence of Charge Noise Using Tailored PulsesJul 12 2012Mar 02 2013We study finite-time Landau-Zener transitions at a singlet-triplet level crossing in a GaAs double quantum dot, both experimentally and theoretically. Sweeps across the anticrossing in the high driving speed limit result in oscillations with a small visibility. ... More

A Radio Frequency Charge Parity MeterSep 18 2012We demonstrate a total charge parity measurement by detecting the radio frequency signal that is reflected by a lumped element resonator coupled to a single InAs nanowire double quantum dot. The high frequency response of the circuit is used to probe ... More

Electron Spin Resonance at the Level of 10000 Spins Using Low Impedance Superconducting ResonatorsAug 17 2016We report on electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements of phosphorus donors localized in a 200 square micron area below the inductive wire of a lumped element superconducting resonator. By combining quantum limited parametric amplification with a low ... More

A Reconfigurable Gate Architecture for Si/SiGe Quantum DotsFeb 05 2015We demonstrate a reconfigurable quantum dot gate architecture that incorporates two interchangeable transport channels. One channel is used to form quantum dots and the other is used for charge sensing. The quantum dot transport channel can support either ... More

Field Tuning the G-Factor in InAs Nanowire Double Quantum DotsMay 07 2011Mar 21 2012We study the effects of magnetic and electric fields on the g-factors of spins confined in a two-electron InAs nanowire double quantum dot. Spin sensitive measurements are performed by monitoring the leakage current in the Pauli blockade regime. Rotations ... More

Singlet-triplet spin blockade and charge sensing in a few-electron double quantum dotOct 26 2004Singlet-triplet spin blockade in a few-electron lateral double quantum dot is investigated using simultaneous transport and charge-sensing measurements. Transport from the (1,1) to the (0,2) electron occupancy states is strongly suppressed relative to ... More

Scalable gate architecture for densely packed semiconductor spin qubitsJul 24 2016We demonstrate a 12 quantum dot device fabricated on an undoped Si/SiGe heterostructure as a proof-of-concept for a scalable, linear gate architecture for semiconductor quantum dots. The device consists of 9 quantum dots in a linear array and 3 single ... More

Development and operation of research-scale III-V nanowire growth reactorsNov 04 2009Oct 04 2010III-V nanowires are useful platforms for studying the electronic and mechanical properties of materials at the nanometer scale. However, the costs associated with commercial nanowire growth reactors are prohibitive for most research groups. We developed ... More

Radio frequency charge sensing in InAs nanowire double quantum dotsMay 29 2012We demonstrate charge sensing of an InAs nanowire double quantum dot (DQD) coupled to a radio frequency (rf) circuit. We measure the rf signal reflected by the resonator using homodyne detection. Clear single dot and DQD behavior are observed in the resonator ... More

Landau-Zener-Stuckelberg Interferometry of a Single Electron Charge QubitMay 28 2012Sep 17 2012We perform Landau-Zener-Stuckelberg interferometry on a single electron GaAs charge qubit by repeatedly driving the system through an avoided crossing. We observe coherent destruction of tunneling, where periodic driving with specific amplitudes inhibits ... More

Quantum CNOT Gate for Spins in SiliconAug 11 2017Single qubit rotations and two-qubit CNOT operations are crucial ingredients for universal quantum computing. While high fidelity single qubit operations have been achieved using the electron spin degree of freedom, realizing a robust CNOT gate has been ... More

Exchange Control of Nuclear Spin Diffusion in a Double Quantum DotMar 20 2008Coherent two-level systems, or qubits, based on electron spins in GaAs quantum dots are strongly coupled to the nuclear spins of the host lattice via the hyperfine interaction. Realizing nuclear spin control would likely improve electron spin coherence ... More

Suppressing Spin Qubit Dephasing by Nuclear State PreparationJul 09 2008Coherent spin states in semiconductor quantum dots offer promise as electrically controllable quantum bits (qubits) with scalable fabrication. For few-electron quantum dots made from gallium arsenide (GaAs), fluctuating nuclear spins in the host lattice ... More

High-fidelity quantum gates in Si/SiGe double quantum dotsNov 02 2017Motivated by recent experiments of Zajac et al. [arXiv:1708.03530], we theoretically describe high-fidelity two-qubit gates using the exchange interaction between the spins in neighboring quantum dots subject to a magnetic field gradient. We use a combination ... More

Threshold Dynamics of a Semiconductor Single Atom MaserApr 06 2017We demonstrate a single-atom maser consisting of a semiconductor double quantum dot (DQD) that is embedded in a high quality factor microwave cavity. A finite bias drives the DQD out of equilibrium, resulting in sequential single electron tunneling and ... More

Site-selective quantum control in an isotopically enriched 28Si/SiGe quadruple quantum dotMar 14 2019Silicon spin qubits are a promising quantum computing platform offering long coherence times, small device sizes, and compatibility with industry-backed device fabrication techniques. In recent years, high fidelity single-qubit and two-qubit operations ... More

A Coherent Spin-Photon Interface in SiliconOct 09 2017Electron spins in silicon quantum dots are attractive systems for quantum computing due to their long coherence times and the promise of rapid scaling using semiconductor fabrication techniques. While nearest neighbor exchange coupling of two spins has ... More

Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics with a Spin QubitMay 30 2012Circuit quantum electrodynamics allows spatially separated superconducting qubits to interact via a "quantum bus", enabling two-qubit entanglement and the implementation of simple quantum algorithms. We combine the circuit quantum electrodynamics architecture ... More

Structural and Electrical Characterization of Bi2Se3 Nanostructures Grown by Metalorganic Chemical Vapor DepositionAug 25 2011Sep 17 2012We characterize nanostructures of Bi2Se3 that are grown via metalorganic chemical vapor deposition using the precursors diethyl selenium and trimethyl bismuth. By adjusting growth parameters, we obtain either single-crystalline ribbons up to 10 microns ... More

Relaxation, dephasing, and quantum control of electron spins in double quantum dotsFeb 20 2006Mar 14 2007Recent experiments have demonstrated quantum manipulation of two-electron spin states in double quantum dots using electrically controlled exchange interactions. Here, we present a detailed theory for electron spin dynamics in two-electron double dot ... More

Investigation of Mobility Limiting Mechanisms in Undoped Si/SiGe HeterostructuresMar 19 2015We perform detailed magnetotransport studies on two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs) formed in undoped Si/SiGe heterostructures in order to identify the electron mobility limiting mechanisms in this increasingly important materials system. By analyzing ... More

Pulsed-gate measurements of the singlet-triplet relaxation time in a two-electron double quantum dotDec 02 2004Dec 05 2004A pulsed-gate technique with charge sensing is used to measure the singlet-triplet relaxation time for nearly-degenerate spin states in a two-electron double quantum dot. Transitions from the (1,1) charge occupancy state to the (0,2) state, measured as ... More

Effect of Exchange Interaction on Spin Dephasing in a Double Quantum DotDec 05 2005Jul 03 2006We measure singlet-triplet dephasing in a two-electron double quantum dot in the presence of an exchange interaction which can be electrically tuned from much smaller to much larger than the hyperfine energy. Saturation of dephasing and damped oscillations ... More

Cavity-Mediated Entanglement Generation Via Landau-Zener InterferometryDec 04 2012We demonstrate quantum control and entanglement generation using a Landau-Zener beam splitter formed by coupling two transmon qubits to a superconducting cavity. Single passage through the cavity-mediated qubit-qubit avoided crossing provides a direct ... More

Double Quantum Dot Floquet Gain MediumJul 27 2016Strongly driving a two-level quantum system with light leads to a ladder of Floquet states separated by the photon energy. Nanoscale quantum devices allow the interplay of confined electrons, phonons, and photons to be studied under strong driving conditions. ... More

Measurement of Temporal Correlations of the Overhauser Field in a Double Quantum DotDec 24 2007Oct 20 2008In quantum dots made from materials with nonzero nuclear spins, hyperfine coupling creates a fluctuating effective Zeeman field (Overhauser field) felt by electrons, which can be a dominant source of spin qubit decoherence. We characterize the spectral ... More

Dynamic Nuclear Polarization with Single Electron SpinsSep 06 2007Sep 07 2007We polarize nuclear spins in a GaAs double quantum dot by controlling two-electron spin states near the anti-crossing of the singlet (S) and m_S=+1 triplet (T+) using pulsed gates. An initialized S state is cyclically brought into resonance with the T+ ... More

Charge and spin manipulation in a few-electron double dotOct 06 2005We demonstrate high speed manipulation of a few-electron double quantum dot. In the one-electron regime, the double dot forms a charge qubit. Microwaves are used drive transitions between the (1,0) and (0,1) charge states of the double dot. A local quantum ... More

Triplet-Singlet Spin Relaxation via Nuclei in a Double Quantum DotMar 29 2005Jun 07 2005The spin of a confined electron, when oriented originally in some direction, will lose memory of that orientation after some time. Physical mechanisms leading to this relaxation of spin memory typically involve either coupling of the electron spin to ... More

Perspective for resonances in p-p collisions with the ALICE detectorOct 14 2008The capability of the ALICE detector to reconstruct short-lived resonances from the very beginning of the LHC p-p program start-up was investigated, considering about 300,000 minimum bias p-p PYTHIA events at 900 GeV and 10 TeV, fully reconstructed under ... More

Understanding the dynamics of biological colloids to elucidate cataract formation towards the development of methodology for its early diagnosisDec 19 2008The eye lens is the most characteristic example of mammalian tissues exhibiting complex colloidal behaviour. In this paper we briefly describe how dynamics in colloidal suspensions can help addressing selected aspects of lens cataract which is ultimately ... More

Tiny Descriptors for Image Retrieval with Unsupervised Triplet HashingNov 10 2015A typical image retrieval pipeline starts with the comparison of global descriptors from a large database to find a short list of candidate matches. A good image descriptor is key to the retrieval pipeline and should reconcile two contradictory requirements: ... More

Group Invariant Deep Representations for Image Instance RetrievalJan 09 2016Jan 13 2016Most image instance retrieval pipelines are based on comparison of vectors known as global image descriptors between a query image and the database images. Due to their success in large scale image classification, representations extracted from Convolutional ... More

The late time structure of high density contrast, single mode Richtmyer-Meshkov flowJul 19 2016We study the late time flow structure of Richtmyer-Meshkov instability. Recent numerical work has suggested a self-similar collapse of the development of this instability at late times, independent of the initial surface profile. Using the form of collapse ... More

An addendum to `A rigidity property for the set of all characters induced by valuations'May 28 2013This corrects and amplifies some comments made in a paper by Robert Bieri and the author with the above title.

Subdirect products of finitely presented metabelian groupsJun 13 2011Jul 15 2011There has been substantial investigation in recent years of subdirect products of limit groups and their finite presentability and homological finiteness properties. To contrast the results obtained for limit groups, Baumslag, Bridson, Holt and Miller ... More

Using Annular Josephson Tunnel Junctions to Monitor Causal HorizonMar 29 2005If systems change as fast as possible as they pass through a phase transition then the initial domain structure is constrained by causality. We shall show how we can trace these causal horizons by measuring the spontaneous production of flux in annular ... More

The effective potential at finite temperature in the left-right symmetric modelOct 09 1992We obtain the effective potential at finite temperature within the left-right symmetric model. We take the Higgs sector to consist of two doublets and calculate its finite temperature effective potential up to the order of ``ring-diagrams'', using analogous ... More

Real Higgs singlet and the electroweak phase transition in the standard model, (UM-P-93/80, OZ-93/20)Aug 06 1993Aug 13 1993The effective potential at finite temperature is constructed within the minimal standard model when a real Higgs singlet is added on. We find that a region of parameter space exists for which one can find a first order transition strong enough to prevent ... More

Modelling the application of integrated photonic spectrographs to astronomyJul 23 2012One of the well-known problems of producing instruments for Extremely Large Telescopes is that their size (and hence cost) scales rapidly with telescope aperture. To try to break this relation alternative new technologies have been proposed, such as the ... More

Effects for atmospheric neutrino experiments from electron neutrino oscillationsFeb 26 1997Sep 10 1997The minimal interpretation of the atmospheric neutrino data suggests that the muon neutrino oscillates into another species with a mixing angle close to the maximal $\pi/4$. In the Exact Parity Symmetric Model, both the muon and electron neutrinos are ... More

Structure of large random hypergraphsMar 22 2005The theme of this paper is the derivation of analytic formulae for certain large combinatorial structures. The formulae are obtained via fluid limits of pure jump-type Markov processes, established under simple conditions on the Laplace transforms of ... More

Hard thermal loops in long wave-length and static external gravitational fieldsJan 10 2013We study, in the long wave-length and static limits, the structure of the n-point graviton functions at high temperature. Using the gauge and Weyl invariance of the theory, we derive a simple expression for the hard thermal amplitudes in these two limits. ... More

An AdS/QCD holographic wavefunction for the rho meson and diffractive rho meson electroproductionMar 27 2012Jul 18 2012We show that AdS/QCD generates predictions for the rate of diffractive rho meson electroproduction that are in agreement with data collected at the HERA electron-proton collider.

Phenomenology of Distribution Amplitudes for the rho mesonDec 23 2011We report on a successful extraction of the twist-2 and twist-3 Distribution Amplitudes (DAs) of the rho meson using the HERA data on diffractive rho photoproduction. We extract these DAs using several Colour Glass Condensate (CGC) inspired and a Regge ... More

Constraining the rho meson wavefunctionDec 22 2010Diffractive rho meson production has been identified as one of the important processes where saturation can be probed at a future Electron-Ion Collider (EIC). A source of uncertainty in making predictions for this process lies within the assumed form ... More

Scaling Laws for Fluxon Formation in Annular Josephson Tunnel JunctionsJan 16 2003It has been argued by Zurek and Kibble that the likelihood of producing defects in a continuous phase transition depends in a characteristic way on the quench rate. In this paper we discuss our experiment for measuring the Zurek-Kibble scaling exponent ... More

Dependence on the quark masses of elastic phase shifts and light resonances within standard and unitarized Chiral Perturbation TheoryOct 19 2010We study the dependence of the pion-pion scattering phase shifts on the light quark mass in both standard and unitarized SU(2) Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT) to one and two loops. We then use unitarized SU(3) ChPT to study the elastic f_0(600), kappa(800), ... More

Entire cyclic homology of Schatten idealsSep 09 2004Sep 23 2004Certain cocycles constructed by Connes are characters of $p$-summable Fredholm modules. In this article, we establish some consequences of the universal properties which these characters enjoy. Our main technical result is that the entire cyclic cohomology ... More

A stochastic diffusion process for the Dirichlet distributionMar 01 2013Mar 04 2013The method of potential solutions of Fokker-Planck equations is used to develop a transport equation for the joint probability of N coupled stochastic variables with the Dirichlet distribution as its asymptotic solution. To ensure a bounded sample space, ... More

Diffractive rho production with an AdS/QCD holographic wavefunction for the rho mesonNov 20 2012We report on the results of our recent research published in [1] that shows that AdS/QCD generates predictions for the rate of diffractive \rho-meson electroproduction that are in agreement with data collected at the HERA electron-proton collider [2,3]. ... More

Planetary Torques as the Viscosity of Protoplanetary DisksOct 27 2000We revisit the idea that density-wave wakes of planets drive accretion in protostellar disks. The effects of many small planets can be represented as a viscosity if the wakes damp locally, but the viscosity is proportional to the damping length. Damping ... More

Simple deterministic dynamical systems with fractal diffusion coefficientsJul 10 1998We analyze a simple model of deterministic diffusion. The model consists of a one-dimensional periodic array of scatterers in which point particles move from cell to cell as defined by a piecewise linear map. The microscopic chaotic scattering process ... More

Simple Maps with Fractal Diffusion CoefficientsAug 03 1994Dec 16 1994We consider chains of one-dimensional, piecewise linear, chaotic maps with uniform slope. We study the diffusive behaviour of an initially nonuniform distribution of points as a function of the slope of the map by solving Frobenius-Perron equation. For ... More

Birkhoff averages of Poincare cycles for Axiom-A diffeomorphismsDec 15 2003We study the time of $n$th return of orbits to some given (union of) rectangle(s) of a Markov partition of an Axiom A diffeomorphism. Namely, we prove the existence of a scaled generating function for these returns with respect to any Gibbs measure (associated ... More

Extracting the Distribution Amplitudes of the rho meson from the Color Glass CondensateApr 25 2011Oct 26 2011We extract the leading twist-2 and subleading twist-3 Distribution Amplitudes (DAs) of the rho meson using the HERA data on diffractive rho photoproduction. We do so using several Colour Glass Condensate (CGC) inspired and a Regge inspired dipole models. ... More

Spectroscopic data for the LiH molecule from pseudopotential quantum Monte Carlo calculationsSep 30 2009Quantum Monte Carlo and quantum chemistry techniques are used to investigate pseudopotential models of the lithium hydride (LiH) molecule. Interatomic potentials are calculated and tested by comparing with the experimental spectroscopic constants and ... More

Zero range model of traffic flowApr 26 2005Oct 08 2005A multi--cluster model of traffic flow is studied, in which the motion of cars is described by a stochastic master equation. Assuming that the escape rate from a cluster depends only on the cluster size, the dynamics of the model is directly mapped to ... More

Non-analytic curvature contributions to solvation free energies: influence of dryingOct 07 2004We investigate the solvation of a hard spherical cavity, of radius $R$, immersed in a fluid for which the interparticle forces are short ranged. For thermodynamic states lying close to the liquid binodal, where the chemical potential deviation $\delta ... More

Resolved shocks in clumpy mediaNov 20 2001We study the structure of shocks in clumpy media, using a multifluid formalism. As expected, shocks broaden as they weaken: for sufficiently weak shocks, no viscous subshock appears in the structure. This has significant implications for the survival ... More

Cosmic Rays from the Knee to the Highest EnergiesApr 04 2009This review summarizes recent developments in the understanding of high-energy cosmic rays. It focuses on galactic and presumably extragalactic particles in the energy range from the knee (10^15 eV) up to the highest energies observed (>10^20 eV). Emphasis ... More

Pseudopotentials for correlated electron systemsJun 28 2013A scheme is developed for creating pseudopotentials for use in correlated-electron calculations. Pseudopotentials for the light elements H, Li, Be, B, C, N, O, and F, are reported, based on data from high-level quantum chemical calculations. Results obtained ... More

The O/H Distribution in the Transition Magellanic Galaxy NGC 1313May 06 1997Multi-fibre emission-line spectrophotometry of 33 H II regions and 3 diffuse interstellar medium positions are presented for the barred Magellanic galaxy NGC 1313. The H II regions show a fairly narrow range of thermal conditions characteristic of high ... More

Diffuse continuum transfer in H II regionsOct 05 2009We compare the accuracy of various methods for determining the transfer of the diffuse Lyman continuum in HII regions, by comparing them with a high-resolution discrete-ordinate integration. We use these results to suggest how, in multidimensional dynamical ... More