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On Algorithms Based on Joint Estimation of Currents and Contrast in Microwave TomographyJan 29 2009This paper deals with improvements to the contrast source inversion method which is widely used in microwave tomography. First, the method is reviewed and weaknesses of both the criterion form and the optimization strategy are underlined. Then, two new ... More

Reaching Fleming's dicrimination boundApr 13 2012Any rule for identifying a quantum system's state within a set of two non-orthogonal pure states by a single measurement is flawed. It has a non-zero probability of either yielding the wrong result or leaving the query undecided. This also holds if the ... More

Effects of high vs moderate-intensity training on neuroplasticity and functional recovery after focal ischemiaFeb 08 2018Background and Purpose: This study was designed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MOD) on functional recovery and cerebral plasticity during the first 2 weeks following cerebral ... More

Roots, symmetries and conjugacy of pseudo-Anosov mapping classesOct 10 2007An algorithm is proposed that solves two decision problems for pseudo-Anosov elements in the mapping class group of a surface with at least one marked fixed point. The first problem is the root problem: decide if the element is a power and in this case ... More

Optimized geometries for future generation optical lattice clocksJun 30 2015Sep 28 2015Atoms deeply trapped in magic wavelength optical lattices provide a Doppler- and collision-free dense ensemble of quantum emitters ideal for high precision spectroscopy. Thus, they are the basis of some of the best optical clock setups to date. However, ... More

Correlation function of the 8-vertex model with free boundary conditions using triangular probabilistic cellular automataJul 18 2016This paper is devoted to the 8-vertex model and its edge correlation function. In some particular (integrable) cases, we find a closed form of the edge correlation function and we deduce also its asymptotic. To do this, we introduce probabilistic cellular ... More

Estimate dependence in medium dimensions, using ranks and sub-samplingNov 07 2013It is well known that non-parametric methods suffer from the "curse of dimensionality". We propose here a new estimation method for a multivariate distribution, using sub-sampling and ranks, which seems not to suffer from this "curse". We prove that in ... More

Generalized rank weights : a duality statementJun 17 2013Oct 31 2013We consider linear codes over some fixed finite field extension over an arbitrary finite field. Gabidulin introduced rank metric codes, by endowing linear codes over the extension field with a rank weight over the base field and studied their basic properties ... More

Sur les composantes connexes d'une famille d'espaces analytiques p-adiquesJan 10 2014Let $X=\mathcal{M}(A)$ be an affinoid space and let $f,g \in A$. We study the sets of connected components of the spaces defined by an inequality of the form $|f|\le r|g|$, with $r\ge 0$. We prove that there exists a finite partition of $\mathbb{R}_+$ ... More

Un résultat de connexité pour les variétés analytiques p-adiques. Privilège et noethérianitéNov 28 2006Sep 16 2008Let $k$ be a non-Archimedean field, $X$ a $k$-affinoid space and $f$ an analytic function over $X$. We precisely describe how the geometric connected components of the spaces $\{x \in X, |f(x)| \ge \varepsilon\}$ behave with regards to $\varepsilon$. ... More

Polynomial approximation of Berkovich spaces and definable typesApr 16 2012We investigate affine Berkovich spaces over maximally complete fields and prove that they may be approximated by simpler spaces when the only functions we need to evaluate are polynomials of bounded degree. We derive applications to semi-algebraic sets ... More

Almost sure convergence of randomly truncated stochastic algorithms under verifiable conditionsJun 06 2007We study the almost sure convergence of randomly truncated stochastic algorithms. We present a new convergence theorem which extends the already known results by making vanish the classical condition on the noise terms. The aim of this work is to prove ... More

Infinite sequence of fixed point free pseudo-Anosov homeomorphismsJun 25 2008Aug 24 2009We construct infinite sequences of pseudo-Anosov homeomorphisms without fixed points and leaving invariant a sequence of orientable measured foliations on the same topological surface and the same stratum of the space of abelian differentials. The existence ... More

General limit value in Dynamic ProgrammingJan 03 2013We consider a dynamic programming problem with arbitrary state space and bounded rewards. Is it possible to define in an unique way a limit value for the problem, where the "patience" of the decision-maker tends to infinity ? We consider, for each evaluation ... More

Recurrence rates for observations of flowsJan 27 2011We study Poincar\'e recurrence for flows and observations of flows. For Anosov flow, we prove that the recurrence rates are linked to the local dimension of the invariant measure. More generally, we give for the recurrence rates for the observation an ... More

The IDSA and the homogeneous sphere: Issues and possible improvementsJun 13 2016In this paper, we are concerned with the study of the Isotropic Diffusion Source Approximation (IDSA) (Baxter et al., Phys. Rev. E 73, 046118, 2006) of radiative transfer. After having recalled well-known limits of the radiative transfer equation, we ... More

Continuous time limits of the Utterance Selection ModelJun 27 2016In this paper, we derive new continuous time limits of the Utterance Selection Model (USM) for language change (Baxter et al., Phys. Rev. E {\bf 73}, 046118, 2006). This is motivated by the fact that the Fokker-Planck continuous time limit derived in ... More

Variational Formulation of Time-Dependent Density Functional TheoryOct 25 2012We present a variational formulation of Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory similar to the constrained-search variational formulation of ground-state density-function theory. The formulation is applied to justify the time-dependent Kohn-Sham method. ... More

Edge correlation function of the 8-vertex model when $a+c = b+d$Jul 18 2016Feb 07 2017This paper is devoted to the 8-vertex model and its edge correlation function. In some particular (integrable) cases, we find a closed form of the edge correlation function and we deduce also its asymptotic. In addition, we quantify influence of boundary ... More

Estimating copula measure using ranks and subsampling: a simulation studySep 25 2007We describe here a new method to estimate copula measure. From N observations of two variables X and Y, we draw a huge number m of subsamples (size n<N), and we compute the joint ranks in these subsamples. Then, for each bivariate rank (p,q) (0<p,q<n+1), ... More

La droite de Berkovich sur ZSep 17 2008We study here the Berkovich line over the ring of integers of a number field. It is a natural object which contains complex and non-Archimedean analytic spaces associated to each place. We prove that this line satisfies good topological and algebraic ... More

Les espaces de Berkovich sont angéliquesMay 02 2011Dec 14 2012Although Berkovich spaces may fail to be metrizable when defined over too big a field, we prove that a large part of their topology can be recovered through sequences: for instance, limit points of subsets are actual limits of sequences and compact subsets ... More

Super- and subradiance of clock atoms in multimode optical waveguidesNov 14 2018The transversely confined propagating modes of an optical fiber mediate virtually infinite range energy exchanges among atoms placed within their field, which adds to the inherent free space dipole-dipole coupling. Typically, the single atom free space ... More

Volume entropy for surface groups via Bowen-Series like mapsAug 25 2009We define a Bowen-Series like map for every geometric presentation of a co-compact surface group and we prove that the volume entropy of the presentation is the topological entropy of this particular (circle) map. Finally we find the minimal volume entropy ... More

Non abelian twisted Reidemeister torsion for fibered knotsMar 18 2004Feb 11 2005In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the non-abelian twisted sign-determined Reidemeister torsion of the exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian Reidemeister ... More

Pricing American options using martingale basesApr 12 2016In this work, we propose an algorithm to price American options by directly solving the dual minimization problem introduced by Rogers. Our approach relies on approximating the set of uniformly square integrable martingales by a finite dimensional Wiener ... More

Pricing path-dependent Bermudan options using Wiener chaos expansion: an embarrassingly parallel approachJan 17 2019In this work, we propose a new policy iteration algorithm for pricing Bermudan options when the payoff process cannot be written as a function of a lifted Markov process. Our approach is based on a modification of the well-known Longstaff Schwartz algorithm, ... More

Particle motion driven by non-uniform thermodynamic forcesFeb 13 2019Mar 06 2019We present a complete reciprocal description of particle motion inside multi-component fluids that extends the conventional Onsager formulation of non-equilibrium transport to systems where the thermodynamic forces are non-uniform on the colloidal scale. ... More

Particle motion driven by non-uniform thermodynamic forcesFeb 13 2019We present a complete reciprocal description of particle motion inside multi-component fluids that extends the conventional Onsager formulation of non-equilibrium transport to systems where the thermodynamic forces are locally non-uniform on the colloidal ... More

Sendov conjecture for high degree polynomialsJun 21 2011Nov 15 2011Sendov conjecture tells that if $P$ denotes a complex polynomial having all his zeros in the closed unit disk and $a$ denote a zero of $P$, the closed disk of center $a$ and radius 1 contains a zero of the derivative $P'$. The main result of this paper ... More

A note on Liouville type results for a fractional obstacle problemFeb 28 2019This note is a synthesis of my reflexions on some questions that have emerged during the MATRIX event "Recent Trends on Nonlinear PDEs of Elliptic and Parabolic Type" concerning the qualitative properties of solutions to some non local reaction-diffusion ... More

Analytic p-adic Banach spaces and the fundamental lemma of Colmez and FontaineOct 31 2016This article gives a new proof of the fundamental lemma of the "weakly admissible implies admissible" theorem of Colmez-Fontaine that describes the semi-stable p-adic representations. To this end, we introduce the category of spectral Banach spaces, which ... More

Espaces de Berkovich sur Z : étude localeFeb 03 2012Oct 15 2012We investigate the local properties of Berkovich spaces over Z. Using Weierstrass theorems, we prove that the local rings of those spaces are noetherian, regular in the case of affine spaces and excellent. We also show that the structure sheaf is coherent. ... More

Raccord sur les espaces de BerkovichSep 22 2008Oct 26 2009Let $X$ be a Berkovich space over a valued field. We prove that every finite group is a Galois group over $\Ms(B)(T)$, where $\Ms(B)$ is the field of meromorphic functions over a part $B$ of $X$ satisfying some conditions. This gives a new geometric proof ... More

Polcovar: Software for Computing the Mean and Variance of Subgraph Counts in Random GraphsFeb 24 2014May 04 2016The mean and variance of the number of appearances of a given subgraph $H$ in an Erd\H{o}s--R\'enyi random graph over $n$ nodes are rational polynomials in $n$. We present a piece of software named Polcovar (from "polynomial" and "covariance") that computes ... More

Taming the Penguin in the B0(t) -> Pi+Pi- CP-asymmetry: Observables and Minimal Theoretical InputJun 24 1998Oct 29 1998Penguin contributions, being not negligible in general, can hide the information on the CKM angle alpha coming from the measurement of the time-dependent B0(t) -> pi+pi- CP-asymmetry. Nevertheless, we show that this information can be summarized in a ... More

Prescription of Gauss curvature using optimal mass transportMay 18 2015In this paper we give a new proof of a theorem by Alexandrov on the Gauss curvature prescription of Euclidean convex sets. This proof is based on the duality theory of convex sets and on optimal mass transport. A noteworthy property of this proof is that ... More

The value of Repeated Games with an informed controllerMar 23 2008Apr 20 2009We consider the general model of zero-sum repeated games (or stochastic games with signals), and assume that one of the players is fully informed and controls the transitions of the state variable. We prove the existence of the uniform value, generalizing ... More

Uniform value in Dynamic ProgrammingMar 19 2008Apr 20 2009We consider dynamic programming problems with a large time horizon, and give sufficient conditions for the existence of the uniform value. As a consequence, we obtain an existence result when the state space is precompact, payoffs are uniformly continuous ... More

Non abelian Reidemeister torsion and volume form on the SU(2)-representation space of knot groupsMar 26 2004Apr 18 2005For a knot K in $S^3$ and a regular representation $\rho$ of its group $G_K$ into SU(2) we construct a non abelian Reidemeister torsion on the first twisted cohomology group of the knot exterior. This non abelian Reidemeister torsion provides a volume ... More

DESP-C++: A Discrete-Event Simulation Package for C++Nov 28 2016DESP-C++ is a C++ discrete-event random simulation engine that has been designed to be fast, very easy to use and expand, and valid. DESP-C++ is based on the resource view. Its complete architecture is presented in detail, as well as a short " user manual ... More

Slope filtration on Banach-Colmez spacesOct 31 2016We give a new proof of the "weakly admissible implies admissible" theorem of Colmez and Fontaine describing the semi-stable p-adic representations. We study Banach-Colmez spaces, i.e. p-adic Banach spaces with the extra data of a C_p-algebra of analytic ... More

Probabilistic cellular automata with general alphabets letting a Markov chain invariantOct 12 2014This paper is devoted to probabilistic cellular automata (PCA) on $\mathbb{N}$, $\mathbb{Z}$ or $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$, depending of two neighbors, with a general alphabet $E$ (finite or infinite, discrete or not). We study the following question: under ... More

The illusion of neutron star magnetic field estimatesMar 04 2019Neutron stars radiate in a broad band spectrum from radio wavelengths up to very high energies. They have been sorted into several classes depending on their respective place in the $P-\dot{P}$ diagram and depending on spectral/temporal properties. Fundamental ... More

Inhomogeneous phases in the 1+1 dimensional Gross-Neveu model at finite number of fermion flavorsFeb 28 2019We study the phase diagram of the 1+1 dimensional Gross-Neveu model at finite number of fermion flavors using lattice field theory. Numerical results are presented, which indicate the existence of an inhomogeneous phase, where the chiral condensate is ... More

Structurally Cyclic Petri NetsOct 28 2015Dec 20 2015A Petri net is structurally cyclic if every configuration is reachable from itself in one or more steps. We show that structural cyclicity is decidable in deterministic polynomial time. For this, we adapt the Kosaraju's approach for the general reachability ... More

PyFAI: a Python library for high performance azimuthal integration on GPUDec 19 2014The pyFAI package has been designed to reduce X-ray diffraction images into powder diffraction curves to be further processed by scientists. This contribution describes how to convert an image into a radial profile using the Numpy package, how the process ... More

XWeB: the XML Warehouse BenchmarkFeb 02 2011With the emergence of XML as a standard for representing business data, new decision support applications are being developed. These XML data warehouses aim at supporting On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) operations that manipulate irregular XML data. ... More

Spectral Methods for Numerical RelativityJun 15 2007Oct 23 2008Equations arising in General Relativity are usually too complicated to be solved analytically and one has to rely on numerical methods to solve sets of coupled partial differential equations. Among the possible choices, this paper focuses on a class called ... More

Simulation of Gegenbauer Processes using Wavelet PacketsAug 24 2006In this paper, we study the synthesis of Gegenbauer processes using the wavelet packets transform. In order to simulate a 1-factor Gegenbauer process, we introduce an original algorithm, inspired by the one proposed by Coifman and Wickerhauser [1], to ... More

Algorithms for nonnegative matrix factorization with the beta-divergenceOct 08 2010Mar 08 2011This paper describes algorithms for nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) with the beta-divergence (beta-NMF). The beta-divergence is a family of cost functions parametrized by a single shape parameter beta that takes the Euclidean distance, the Kullback-Leibler ... More

Stochastic modelling of thermal effects on a ferromagnetic nano particleJun 24 2016In this work, we are interested in the behaviour of a single ferromagnetic mono--domain particle submitted to an external field with a stochastic perturbation. This model is a step toward the mathematical understanding of thermal effects on ferromagnets. ... More

Minimax rates of convergence for Wasserstein deconvolution with supersmooth errors in any dimensionFeb 25 2013Jul 18 2013The subject of this paper is the estimation of a probability measure on ${\mathbb R}^d$ from data observed with an additive noise, under the Wasserstein metric of order $p$ (with $p\geq 1$). We assume that the distribution of the errors is known and belongs ... More

Density estimation for $β$-dependent sequencesMay 17 2016We study the Lp-integrated risk of some classical estimators of the density, when the observations are drawn from a strictly stationary sequence. The results apply to a large class of sequences, which can be non-mixing in the sense of Rosenblatt and long-range ... More

Behavior of the Wasserstein distance between the empirical and the marginal distributions of stationary $α$-dependent sequencesFeb 28 2015We study the Wasserstein distance of order 1 between the empirical distribution and the marginal distribution of stationary $\alpha$-dependent sequences. We prove some moments inequalities of order p for any p $\ge$ 1, and we give some conditions under ... More

Measurement back-action on adiabatic coherent electron transportMar 30 2010We study the back-action of a nearby measurement device on electrons undergoing coherent transfer via adiabatic passage (CTAP) in a triple-well system. The measurement is provided by a quantum point contact capacitively coupled to the middle well, thus ... More

Implementing cryptographic pairings at standard security levelsJul 22 2014This study reports on an implementation of cryptographic pairings in a general purpose computer algebra system. For security levels equivalent to the different AES flavours, we exhibit suitable curves in parametric families and show that optimal ate and ... More

DC CalculusMay 18 2015In this paper, we extend the DC Calculus introduced by Perelman on finite dimensional Alexandrov spaces with curvature bounded below. Among other things, our results allow us to define the Hessian and the Laplacian of DC functions (including distance ... More

A geometric study of Wasserstein spaces: an addendum on the boundaryFeb 06 2013May 13 2013We extend the geometric study of the Wasserstein space W(X) of a simply connected, negatively curved metric space X by investigating which pairs of boundary points can be linked by a geodesic, when X is a tree.

A distance for probability spaces, and long-term values in Markov Decision Processes and Repeated GamesFeb 28 2012Given a finite set $K$, we denote by $X=\Delta(K)$ the set of probabilities on $K$ and by $Z=\Delta_f(X)$ the set of Borel probabilities on $X$ with finite support. Studying a Markov Decision Process with partial information on $K$ naturally leads to ... More

Level density of a Fermi gas: average growth and fluctuationsFeb 13 2006We compute the level density of a two--component Fermi gas as a function of the number of particles, angular momentum and excitation energy. The result includes smooth low--energy corrections to the leading Bethe term (connected to a generalization of ... More

A parameterless scale-space approach to find meaningful modes in histograms - Application to image and spectrum segmentationJan 13 2014In this paper, we present an algorithm to automatically detect meaningful modes in a histogram. The proposed method is based on the behavior of local minima in a scale-space representation. We show that the detection of such meaningful modes is equivalent ... More

The twisted Alexander polynomial for finite abelian covers over three manifolds with boundaryJul 17 2011Jan 16 2012We provide the twisted Alexander polynomials of finite abelian covers over three-dimensional manifolds whose boundary is a finite union of tori. This is a generalization of a well-known formula for the usual Alexander polynomial of knots in finite cyclic ... More

On the upstream mobility scheme for two-phase flow in porous mediaJan 26 2009When neglecting capillarity, two-phase incompressible flow in porous media is modelled as a scalar nonlinear hyperbolic conservation law. A change in the rock type results in a change of the flux function. Discretizing in one-dimensional with a finite ... More

Modulational instability in wind-forced wavesOct 15 2014Oct 23 2014We consider the wind-forced nonlinear Schroedinger (NLS) equation obtained in the potential flow framework when the Miles growth rate is of the order of the wave steepness. In this case, the form of the wind-forcing terms gives rise to the enhancement ... More

Angular momentum redistribution by SASI spiral modes and consequences for neutron star spinsOct 09 2013Apr 23 2014In the collapsing core of massive stars, the standing accretion shock instability (SASI) can drive spiral modes that efficiently redistribute angular momentum. This process can impart a spin to the forming neutron star even when the progenitor star is ... More

Topological Complexity of H-SpacesJun 17 2011Let X be a (not-necessarily homotopy-associative) H-space. We show that TC_{n+1}(X) = cat(X^n), for n >= 1, where TC_{n+1}(-) denotes the so-called higher topological complexity introduced by Rudyak, and cat(-) denotes the Lusternik-Schnirelmann category. ... More

Robust adaptive importance sampling for normal random vectorsNov 10 2008Oct 23 2009Adaptive Monte Carlo methods are very efficient techniques designed to tune simulation estimators on-line. In this work, we present an alternative to stochastic approximation to tune the optimal change of measure in the context of importance sampling ... More

Continuity and finiteness of the radius of convergence of a p-adic differential equation via potential theorySep 27 2012We study the radius of convergence of a differential equation on a smooth Berkovich curve over a non-archimedean complete valued field of characteristic 0. Several properties of this function are known: F. Baldassarri proved that it is continuous and ... More

Notions of Stein spaces in non-archimedean geometryNov 10 2017Dec 21 2018Let $k$ be a non-archimedean complete valued field and $X$ be a $k$-analytic space in the sense of Berkovich. In this note, we prove the equivalence between three properties: 1) for every complete valued extension $k'$ of $k$, every coherent sheaf on ... More

On the number of connected components of the ramification locus of a morphism of Berkovich curvesSep 25 2017Mar 06 2018Let $k$ be a complete, nontrivially valued non-archimedean field. Given a finite morphism of quasi-smooth $k$-analytic curves that admit finite triangulations, we provide upper bounds for the number of connected components of the ramification locus in ... More

Pattern tree-based XOLAP rollup operator for XML complex hierarchiesFeb 04 2011With the rise of XML as a standard for representing business data, XML data warehousing appears as a suitable solution for decision-support applications. In this context, it is necessary to allow OLAP analyses on XML data cubes. Thus, XQuery extensions ... More

Dynamic Logic of Common Knowledge in a Proof AssistantDec 19 2007Common Knowledge Logic is meant to describe situations of the real world where a group of agents is involved. These agents share knowledge and make strong statements on the knowledge of the other agents (the so called \emph{common knowledge}). But as ... More

Continuous Vernier filtering of an optical frequency comb for broadband cavity-enhanced molecular spectroscopyMar 09 2016We have recently introduced the Vernier-based Direct Frequency Comb Cavity-Enhanced Spectroscopy technique and we present the corresponding formalism for quantitative broadband spectroscopy. We achieve high sensitivity and broadband performance by acquiring ... More

Facilitated diffusion framework for transcription factor search with conformational changesJul 09 2015Cellular responses often require the fast activation or repression of specific genes, which depends on Transcription Factors (TFs) that have to quickly find the promoters of these genes within a large genome. Transcription Factors (TFs) search for their ... More

The convex hull of a regular set of integer vectors is polyhedral and effectively computableDec 10 2008Number Decision Diagrams (NDD) provide a natural finite symbolic representation for regular set of integer vectors encoded as strings of digit vectors (least or most significant digit first). The convex hull of the set of vectors represented by a NDD ... More

Extended Skyrme interaction (I): spin fluctuations in dense matterMay 12 2009Jun 18 2009Most of the Skyrme interactions are known to predict spin or isospin instabilities beyond the saturation density of nuclear matter which contradict predictions based on realistic interactions. A modification of the standard Skyrme interaction is proposed ... More

Level density of a Fermi gas and integer partitions: a Gumbel-like finite-size correctionJan 29 2010Mar 20 2010We investigate the many-body level density of gas of non-interacting fermions. We determine its behavior as a function of the temperature and the number of particles. As the temperature increases, and beyond the usual Sommerfeld expansion that describes ... More

On the ground--state energy of finite Fermi systemsMar 02 2007Sep 04 2007We study the ground--state shell correction energy of a fermionic gas in a mean--field approximation. Considering the particular case of 3D harmonic trapping potentials, we show the rich variety of different behaviors (erratic, regular, supershells) that ... More

Radial orbit instability as a dissipation-induced phenomenonMar 11 2010Nov 30 2010This paper is devoted to Radial Orbit Instability in the context of self-gravitating dynamical systems. We present this instability in the new frame of Dissipation-Induced Instability theory. This allows us to obtain a rather simple proof based on energetics ... More

Social Influence with Recurrent Mobility with multiple optionsJan 26 2018In this paper, we discuss the possible generalizations of the Social Influence with Recurrent Mobility (SIRM) model developed in Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 158701 (2014). Although the SIRM model worked approximately satisfying when US election was modelled, ... More

Fluid structure system with boundary conditions involving the pressureJul 20 2017May 16 2018We study a coupled fluid-structure system involving boundary conditions on the pressure. The fluid is described by the incompressible Navier--Stokes equations in a 2D rectangular type domain where the upper part of the domain is described by a damped ... More

The convergence Newton polygon of a p-adic differential equation II: Continuity and finiteness on Berkovich curvesSep 17 2012We study the variation of the convergence Newton polygon of a differential equation along a smooth Berkovich curve over a non-archimedean complete valued field of characteristic 0. Relying on work of the second author who investigated its properties on ... More

The convergence Newton polygon of a $p$-adic differential equation III : global decomposition and controlling graphsAug 04 2013We deal with locally free $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules with connection over a Berkovich curve $X$. As a main result we prove local and global decomposition theorems of such objects by the radii of convergence of their solutions. We also derive a bound of the ... More

Sign-changing solutions to elliptic second order equations: glueing a peak to a degenerate critical manifoldJan 23 2014Oct 13 2014We construct blowing-up sign-changing solutions to some nonlinear critical equations by glueing a standard bubble to a degenerate function. We develop a method based on analyticity to perform the glueing when the critical manifold of solutions is degenerate ... More

Evaluating the Dynamic Behavior of Database ApplicationsJan 02 2017This paper explores the effect that changing access patterns has on the performance of database management systems. Changes in access patterns play an important role in determining the efficiency of key performance optimization techniques, such as dynamic ... More

Ionic and electronic transport properties in dense plasmas by orbital-free density functional theoryOct 02 2015We validate the application of our recent orbital-free density functional theory (DFT) approach, [Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 155006 (2014)], for the calculation of ionic and electronic transport properties of dense plasmas. To this end, we calculate the self-diffusion ... More

Correlation Effects on the Temperature Relaxation Rates in Dense PlasmasFeb 11 2009Mar 18 2009We present a model for the rate of temperature relaxation between electrons and ions in plasmas. The model includes self-consistently the effects of particle screening, electron degeneracy and correlations between electrons and ions. We successfully validate ... More

A geometric study of Wasserstein spaces: Hadamard spacesOct 04 2010Feb 06 2013Optimal transport enables one to construct a metric on the set of (sufficiently small at infinity) probability measures on any (not too wild) metric space X, called its Wasserstein space W(X). In this paper we investigate the geometry of W(X) when X is ... More

McDiarmid's martingale for a class of iterated random functionsFeb 17 2014We consider a Markov chain X_1, X_2, ..., X_n belonging to a class of iterated random functions, which is "one-step contracting" with respect to some distance d. If f is any separately Lipschitz function with respect to d, we use a well known decomposition ... More

Hitting times and periodicity in random dynamicsMar 23 2015Jul 09 2015We prove quenched laws of hitting time statistics for random subshifts of finite type. In particular we prove a dichotomy between the law for periodic and for non-periodic points. We show that this applies to random Gibbs measures.

Adjoint accuracy for the full-Stokes ice flow model: limits to the transmission of basal friction variability to the surfaceMar 10 2014This work focuses on the numerical assessment of the accuracy of an adjoint-based gradient in the perspective of variational data assimilation and parameter identification in glaciology. Using noisy synthetic data, we quantify the ability to identify ... More

Atomic clocks: new prospects in metrology and geodesyAug 29 2013We present the latest developments in the field of atomic clocks and their applications in metrology and fundamental physics. In the light of recent advents in the accuracy of optical clocks, we present an introduction to the relativistic modelization ... More

On mean central limit theorems for stationary sequencesAug 22 2008In this paper, we give estimates of the minimal ${\mathbb{L}}^1$ distance between the distribution of the normalized partial sum and the limiting Gaussian distribution for stationary sequences satisfying projective criteria in the style of Gordin or weak ... More

Vers l'auto-administration des entrepôts de donnéesApr 26 2007With the wide development of databases in general and data warehouses in particular, it is important to reduce the tasks that a database administrator must perform manually. The idea of using data mining techniques to extract useful knowledge for administration ... More

Enhancing XML Data Warehouse Query Performance by FragmentationAug 27 2009XML data warehouses form an interesting basis for decision-support applications that exploit heterogeneous data from multiple sources. However, XML-native database systems currently suffer from limited performances in terms of manageable data volume and ... More

Solid state plasmasOct 07 2014Magnetic fusion devices operate at regimes characterized by extremely high temperatures and low densities, for which the charged particles motion is well described by classical mechanics. This is not true, however, for solid-state metallic objects: their ... More

Implication of the striped pulsar wind model for gamma-ray binariesApr 21 2011Jun 23 2011(abridged) Gamma-ray binaries are massive stars with compact object companions that are observed to emit most of their energy in the gamma-ray range. One of these binaries is known to contain a radio pulsar, PSR B1259-63. Synchrotron and inverse Compton ... More

Using a Monte-Carlo-based approach to evaluate the uncertainty on fringe projection techniqueJul 18 2013A complete uncertainty analysis on a given fringe projection set-up has been performed using Monte-Carlo approach. In particular the calibration procedure is taken into account. Two applications are given: at a macroscopic scale, phase noise is predominant ... More

On skew polynomial codes and lattices from quotients of cyclic division algebrasJun 19 2015We propose a variation of Construction A of lattices from linear codes defined using the quotient $\Lambda/\mathfrak p\Lambda$ of some order $\Lambda$ inside a cyclic division $F$-algebra, for $\mathfrak p$ a prime ideal of a number field $F$. To obtain ... More