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Results for "I. Isgum"

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Generative adversarial network for segmentation of motion affected neonatal brain MRIJun 11 2019Automatic neonatal brain tissue segmentation in preterm born infants is a prerequisite for evaluation of brain development. However, automatic segmentation is often hampered by motion artifacts caused by infant head movements during image acquisition. ... More
Automatic brain tissue segmentation in fetal MRI using convolutional neural networksJun 11 2019MR images of fetuses allow clinicians to detect brain abnormalities in an early stage of development. The cornerstone of volumetric and morphologic analysis in fetal MRI is segmentation of the fetal brain into different tissue classes. Manual segmentation ... More
Blood Vessel Geometry Synthesis using Generative Adversarial NetworksApr 12 2018Computationally synthesized blood vessels can be used for training and evaluation of medical image analysis applications. We propose a deep generative model to synthesize blood vessel geometries, with an application to coronary arteries in cardiac CT ... More
Automatic Segmentation and Disease Classification Using Cardiac Cine MR ImagesAug 03 2017Segmentation of the heart in cardiac cine MR is clinically used to quantify cardiac function. We propose a fully automatic method for segmentation and disease classification using cardiac cine MR images. A convolutional neural network (CNN) was designed ... More
A Recurrent CNN for Automatic Detection and Classification of Coronary Artery Plaque and Stenosis in Coronary CT AngiographyApr 12 2018Dec 10 2018Various types of atherosclerotic plaque and varying grades of stenosis could lead to different management of patients with coronary artery disease. Therefore, it is crucial to detect and classify the type of coronary artery plaque, as well as to detect ... More
A Deep Learning Framework for Unsupervised Affine and Deformable Image RegistrationSep 17 2018Dec 05 2018Image registration, the process of aligning two or more images, is the core technique of many (semi-)automatic medical image analysis tasks. Recent studies have shown that deep learning methods, notably convolutional neural networks (ConvNets), can be ... More
Automatic Segmentation of Thoracic Aorta Segments in Low-Dose Chest CTOct 09 2018Morphological analysis and identification of pathologies in the aorta are important for cardiovascular diagnosis and risk assessment in patients. Manual annotation is time-consuming and cumbersome in CT scans acquired without contrast enhancement and ... More
Automatic Segmentation of the Left Ventricle in Cardiac CT Angiography Using Convolutional Neural NetworkApr 19 2017Accurate delineation of the left ventricle (LV) is an important step in evaluation of cardiac function. In this paper, we present an automatic method for segmentation of the LV in cardiac CT angiography (CCTA) scans. Segmentation is performed in two stages. ... More
Direct and Real-Time Cardiovascular Risk PredictionDec 08 2017Coronary artery calcium (CAC) burden quantified in low-dose chest CT is a predictor of cardiovascular events. We propose an automatic method for CAC quantification, circumventing intermediate segmentation of CAC. The method determines a bounding box around ... More
Direct Automatic Coronary Calcium Scoring in Cardiac and Chest CTFeb 12 2019Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the global leading cause of death. A strong risk factor for CVD events is the amount of coronary artery calcium (CAC). To meet demands of the increasing interest in quantification of CAC, i.e. coronary calcium scoring, ... More
Deep MR to CT Synthesis using Unpaired DataAug 03 2017MR-only radiotherapy treatment planning requires accurate MR-to-CT synthesis. Current deep learning methods for MR-to-CT synthesis depend on pairwise aligned MR and CT training images of the same patient. However, misalignment between paired images could ... More
Response monitoring of breast cancer on DCE-MRI using convolutional neural network-generated seed points and constrained volume growingNov 22 2018Response of breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) can be monitored using the change in visible tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In our current workflow, seed points are manually placed in areas of enhancement likely to contain cancer. ... More
Bridge between Hadrodynamics \& HEP: Regional CP Violation in Beauty \& Charm DecaysAug 23 2016There is a long way from `accuracy' to `precision' about {\bf CP} asymmetries in the decays of beauty \& charm hadrons. (a) We have to apply consistent parametrization of the CKM matrix. (b) Probing many-body final states (FS) is {\em not} a back-up for ... More
Memorial Contribution about Kolya Uraltsev's Talk at 2012 Workshop $B\to D**$Jul 02 2013Jul 14 2013Uraltev has given us a deeper understanding of the forces underlying the data from beauty and charm hadrons for the last 35 years and neutron EDM in the future -- in particular about non-perturbative QCD. At the Workshop in the November 2012 before his ... More
The Sybils' Advice on Charm (and $τ$ Leptons)Apr 05 2006The importance of future studies of charm and $\tau$ decays is emphasized as probes of New Physics: the most powerful tools are \cp asymmetries in charm and $\tau$ decays both in partial widths and final state distributions. While these searches for \cp ... More
The Battle of Albuera, the FC Liverpool and the Standard ModelMar 12 2006The Standard Model despite its well-known short comings is unlikely to yield without offering stubborn resistance. There are compelling arguments that New Physics lurks around the TeV scale. Continuing comprehensive studies of beauty, $\tau$ and charm ... More
Quo Vadis, Fascinum?Aug 14 1995The recent progress in our understanding of heavy-flavour decays allows us to define more reliably which future measurements on charm decays are needed to further advance our understanding of QCD and to get our theoretical tools ready for treating beauty ... More
Beauty Physics in the Next 15 Years -- an Itinerary for a Long Journey towards an Essential GoalJul 06 1994After re-stating why beauty physics is so special and sketching its present status I attempt to map out an itinerary for the next fifteen years. The basic elements are listed for a research program that allows to define and probe the KM unitarity triangle ... More
Weak Decays Of Charm Hadrons: The Next Lesson On QCD -- And Possibly More!Nov 01 1993Second-generation theoretical technologies -- heavy quark expansions, QCD sum rules and QCD simulations on the lattice -- are arriving on the scene, allowing a treatment of charm decays that is genuinely based on QCD. The availability of those theoretical ... More
On the Brink of Major Discoveries in Weak Charm Decays -- a Bismarckian Chance to Make HistoryOct 15 2007The recently obtained strong evidence for $D^0 - \bar D^0$ oscillations from the $B$ factories provides an important benchmark in our search for New Physics in charm transitions. While the theoretical verdict on the observed values of $x_D$ and $y_D$ ... More
The Physics of Beauty (& Charm [& $τ$]) at the LHC and in the Era of the LHCAug 20 2006The recent successes of the SM do not weaken the arguments in favour of New Physics residing at the TeV scale. Finding and identifying it represents the prime challenge for a generation of high energy physicists. To differentiate between different scenarios ... More
Measuring Absolute Branching Ratios of Charmed Baryons in $B$ DecaysNov 14 2001The $B$ factories are expected to provide huge samples of single $B$ decay events with little background by reconstructing one of the $B$ mesons produced in $\Upsilon (4S)$ decays. This represents a new experimental paradigm: such samples will allow to ... More
Heavy Flavour Physics: On Its More Than 50 Years Of History, Its Future And The Rio ManifestoDec 13 2000Dec 23 2000After a reminder about how $\Delta S\neq 0$ physics has been instrumental for the development of the Standard Model I sketch theoretical technologies for dealing with nonperturbative QCD in heavy flavour decays and state predictions for CP odd effects ... More
The Lifetimes of Heavy Flavour Hadrons - a Case Study in Quark-Hadron DualityJan 01 2000The status of heavy quark expansions for charm and beauty lifetime ratios is reviewed. Taking note of the surprising semiquantitative success of this description for charm hadrons I interprete the new data on $\tau (D_s)$ and re-iterate the call for more ... More
Memo on Extracting |V(cb)| and |V(ub)/V(cb)| from semileptonic B decaysJul 07 1999Heavy Quark Expansions for semileptonic decays of beauty hadrons are briefly reviewed. I analyze how $|V(cb)|$ can be extracted from the semileptonic width of $B$ mesons, the average semileptonic width of all weakly decaying beauty hadrons and from $B ... More
Inclusive $B_c$ Decays As A QCD LabOct 17 1995Phenomenological models of heavy flavour decays differ significantly in their predictions of global features of $B_c$ decays, like the $B_c$ lifetime or the relative weight of $c\ra s$ and $b\ra c$ transitions. The $1/m_Q$ expansion which is directly ... More
Lifetimes of Heavy-Flavour Hadrons -- Whence and Whither?Jul 21 1995Jul 27 1995A theoretical treatment for the weak decays of heavy-flavour hadrons has been developed that is genuinely based on QCD. Its methodology as it applies to total lifetimes and the underlying theoretical issues are sketched. Predictions are compared with ... More
Spectrum of Anisotropic Exponents in Hydrodynamic Systems with PressureNov 14 2000Mar 15 2001We discuss the scaling exponents characterizing the power-law behavior of the anisotropic components of correlation functions in turbulent systems with pressure. The anisotropic components are conveniently labeled by the angular momentum index $\ell$ ... More
Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays and InflationJan 27 1999Two processes of matter creation after inflation: 1) gravitational creation of superheavy (quasi)stable particles, and 2) non-thermal phase transitions leading to formation of topological defects, may be relevant to the resolution of the puzzle of cosmic ... More
Bridge between Hadrodynamics & HEP: Regional CP Violation in Beauty & Charm DecaysAug 23 2016Oct 03 2016There is a long way from `accuracy' to `precision' about {\bf CP} asymmetries in the decays of beauty \& charm hadrons. (a) We have to apply consistent parametrization of the CKM matrix. (b) Probing many-body final states (FS) is {\em not} a back-up for ... More
Intercalant-Driven Superconductivity in YbC$_{6}$ and CaC$_{6}$Apr 06 2005Recently deiscovered superconductivity in YbC$_6$ and CaC$_6$ at temperatures substantially higher than previously known for intercalated graphites, raised several new questions: (1) Is the mechanism considerably different from the previously known intercalated ... More
Vitaly Ginzburg and High Temperature Superconductivity: Personal ReminiscencesAug 14 2007Aug 17 2007I offer some personal reminiscences from the period of 1976-1983, when I was a M. Sc. and then a Ph.D. student in Vitaly L. Ginzburg's High Temperature Superconductivity group at the P.N. Lebedev Institute in Moscow
Coding for Parallel Channels: Gallager Bounds for Binary Linear Codes with Applications to Repeat-Accumulate Codes and VariationsJul 02 2006This paper is focused on the performance analysis of binary linear block codes (or ensembles) whose transmission takes place over independent and memoryless parallel channels. New upper bounds on the maximum-likelihood (ML) decoding error probability ... More
Isentropic perturbations of a chaotic domainJan 23 2014Three major properties of the chaotic dynamics of the standard map, namely, the measure \mu of the main connected chaotic domain, the maximum Lyapunov exponent L of the motion in this domain, and the dynamical entropy h = \mu L are studied as functions ... More
On the stability of the triangular libration points: exact resultsAug 30 2007Oct 10 2007This paper has been withdrawn by the author, due to necessity of revision.
Impact of Non-perturbative QCD on CP Violation in Many-Body Final States of Flavor TransitionsMay 26 2019Jun 06 2019The title of my talk pointed out central statements: the impact of non-perturbative QCD on {\bf CP} asymmetries in many-body FS in charm \& beauty hadrons. For practical reasons one measures first {\bf CP} violation in two-body final states of heavy flavor ... More
A "Known" CP Asymmetry in $τ$ DecaysJun 04 2005Jul 27 2005We point out that dynamics known from the observed CP violation in $K_L\to \pi^{\mp}l^{\pm}\nu$ generate a CP asymmetry of $3.3\cdot 10^{-3}$ in $\tau^{\pm} \to \nu K_L\pi^{\pm}$. CPT invariance requires the same asymmetry in the more approachable transitions ... More
Comments on the Sign of CP AsymmetriesNov 27 1998Jan 18 1999Several experiments are about to measure the CP asymmetry for $B \to \psi K_S$ and other decays. The standard model together with the Kobayashi-Maskawa ansatz for CP violation predicts the sign as well as the magnitude for this asymmetry. In this note ... More
Resonances, and mechanisms of Theta-productionJun 28 2004After explaining necessity of exotic hadrons, we discuss mechanisms which could determine production of the exotic Theta-baryon. A possible important role of resonances (producing the Theta in real or virtual decays) is emphasized for various processes. ... More
Probing CP Violation in $τ^- \to ν(Kπ/K2π/ 3K/ K3π)^- $ DecaysApr 26 2012Jun 19 2012It had been suggested to probe CP violation in {\tau} \rightarrow {\nu}K{\pi} decays with K0 -K ^{-}0 oscillation to produce ACP({\tau}- \rightarrow {\nu}KS{\pi}-) = (0.36\pm0.01)%. BaBar has found ACP({\tau}- \rightarrow {\nu}KS{\pi}-[\geq {\pi}0]) = ... More
Could Charm's "Third Time" Be the Real Charm? -- A ManifestoFeb 18 2009The recent observation of $D^0 - \bar D^0$ oscillations has left us in a quandary concerning the theoretical interpretation: are they driven by SM forces alone or do they involve new dynamics? A comprehensive analysis of \cp symmetry in $D$ decays can ... More
I Have Come to Praise Charm, not Bury itDec 03 2004The case for further dedicated studies of charm dynamics is presented as driven by three complementary motivations: core lessons on QCD and nonperturbative dynamics in general can be learnt; those can be applied with great profit in analyses of B decays; ... More
CP, T and CPT Symmetries at the Turn of a New MilleniumNov 19 2000After summarizing the status concerning CP violation in 1998 I describe the exciting developments of the last two years and extrapolate to the future. I comment on recent lessons about T and CPT invariance maninly from CPLEAR and emphasize the potential ... More
Flavour Dynamics - Central Mysteries of the Standard ModelSep 04 2000Sep 16 2000After pointing out the amazing success of the CKM description in accommodating the phenomenology of flavour changing neutral currents I review the status of theoretical technologies for extracting CKM parameters from data. I sketch novel directions, namely ... More
Dear Santa: Heavy Flavour Physics at Neutrino Factories - Desires from TheoryJun 21 2000Even in 2010 the CKM parameters $V_{cs}$, $V_{cd}$ and $V_{ub}$ will be known with less than desirable accuracy; the discovery potential for New Physics in charm decays -- in particular their CP asymmetries -- will be far from exhausted; important tests ... More
Marching towards a Theory of Non-leptonic Decays of heavy-Flavour Hadrons"Nov 03 1993Theoretical descriptions for the nonleptonic decays of heavy flavour hadrons have emerged that incorporate non-perturbative corrections in a systematic way and are genuinely based on QCD. One can reproduce $\tau (D^+)/\tau (D^0)$, $BR_{SL}(D^+)$ and $BR_{SL}(D^0)$ ... More
Working with Kolya Uraltsev for twenty-five years about Fundamental Dynamics & Symmetries and for the future -- like CP Violation & EDMsOct 28 2013Feb 25 2015Working with Kolya Uraltsev was a real `marvel' for me about CP & T violation, QCD & its impact on transitions in heavy flavor hadrons, EDMs. The goal was -- and still is -- to define fundamental parameters dynamics, how to measure them and compare SM ... More
"Ceterum censeo Fabricam Super Saporis esse faciendam" ("Moreover I advise a Super-Flavour Factory has to be built")Apr 28 2008The discovery of $B_d - \bar B_d$ oscillations twenty years ago by the ARGUS collaboration marked a watershed event. It persuaded a significant part of the HEP community that the large time dependent \cp asymmetries predicted for some $B_d$ decays might ... More
A Send-off after Dif06: What Do We Need to Know to Understand More?Mar 29 2006After a brief look back at the roles played by hadronic machines and $e^+e^-$ colliders I emphasize that continuing dedicated studies of heavy flavour transitions should be central to our efforts of decoding nature's `Grand Design'. For studies `instrumentalizing' ... More
Astroparticle PhysicsMay 18 2004In this astro-particle lecture course I shall try to emphasize evidence of the new physics which we have in cosmological and astrophysical data. This includes support of the inflationary model, necessity of dark energy and of non-baryonic dark matter, ... More
Phase Transitions at PreheatingOct 19 1995Feb 07 1996Symmetry restoration processes during the non-equilibrium stage of ``preheating'' after inflation is studied. It is shown that symmetry restoration is very efficient when the majority of created particles are concentrated at energies much smaller than ... More
Suppression and restoration of superconductivity in PrBa2Cu3O7Mar 03 1999Mar 11 1999I review the principal experimental findings about superconductivity, suppression thereof, and related properties of RE_{1-x}Pr_xBa_2Cu3O7 in a decision-tree manner, eliminating the models substantially incompatible with established experimental facts, ... More
On the possibility of superconductivity in PrBa2Cu3O7Jun 19 1998Recent reports about observations of superconductivity in PrBa2Cu3O7 raise a number of questions: (i) of various theories striving to explain the Tc suppression in PrxY{1-x}Ba2Cu3O7, are there any compatible with possible superconductivity in stoichiometric ... More
Symmetry analysis of possible superconducting states in KxFe2Se2 superconductorsFeb 17 2011A newly discovered family of the Fe-based superconductors is isostructural with the so-called 122 family of Fe pnictides, but has a qualitatively different doping state. Early experiments indicate that superconductivity is nodeless, yet prerequisites ... More
Sr$_{2}$VO$_{3}$FeAs as Compared to Other Fe-based SuperconductorsSep 28 2009Apr 20 2010One of the most popular scenarios for the superconductivity in Fe-based superconductors (FeBSC) posits that the bosons responsible for electronic pairing are spin-fluctuations with a wave vector spanning the hole Fermi surfaces (FSs) near $\Gamma$ and ... More
Role of defects on the electronic and magnetic properties of CrAs/InAs and CrAs/CdSe half-metallic interfacesDec 09 2009We present an extended study of single impurity atoms at the interface between the half-metallic ferromagnetic zinc-blende CrAs compound and the zinc-blende binary InAs and CdSe semiconductors in the form of very thin multilayers. Contrary to the case ... More
Symbolic computation of the Birkhoff normal form in the problem of stability of the triangular libration pointsDec 26 2013The problem of stability of the triangular libration points in the planar circular restricted three-body problem is considered. A software package, intended for normalization of autonomous Hamiltonian systems by means of computer algebra, is designed ... More
Two-Photon Processes and Photon StructureMay 27 2002In this article aspects of photon-photon physics related to the structure of real and virtual photons are reviewed. A re-calculation of the virtual photon-photon box is performed and some discrepancies in the literature are clarified. A useful compilation ... More
Leading log radiative corrections to polarized heavy flavour leptoproductionNov 28 1997Apr 22 1998O(\alpha) QED radiative corrections to polarized neutral current leptoproduction of heavy quark flavours are calculated in the leading log approximation for HERMES, COMPASS, and HERA kinematics. Besides the inclusive case, we derive general $z_h$-differential ... More
Zero-mass limit of a Dirac spinor with general spin orientationJun 09 2016Aug 23 2016The helicity eigenstates which describe the fermions with a special spin orientation (parallel or antiparallel to the direction of momentum) provide considerable simplification in calculations. Hence, it is generally preferred to use helicity basis during ... More
Cancellation of pinching singularities in out-of-equilibrium thermal field theorySep 15 1998Oct 09 1998Long standing problem in out-of-equilibrium thermal field theories are pinching singularities. We find that the expressions suspect of pinching require loop particles to be on the mass shell. This fact, with the help of threshold effect and similar effect ... More
On the Bergmann Energy-Momentum Complex of a Charged Regular Black HoleApr 02 2001We use the Bergmann energy-momentum complex to calculate the energy of a charged regular black hole. The energy distribution is the same as we obtained in the Einstein prescription. Also, we get the expression of the energy in the Bergmann prescription ... More
CP Violation and Beauty Decays -- A Case Study of High Impact, High Sensitivity and Even High Precision PhysicsJan 21 1999Feb 02 1999The narrative of these lectures contains three main threads: (i) CP violation despite having so far been observed only in the decays of neutral kaons has been recognized as a phenomenon of truly fundamental importance. The KM ansatz constitutes the minimal ... More
MHD waves and instabilities in flowing solar structures in the framework of Hall magnetohydrodynamicsApr 11 2009Sep 15 2009It is well established now that the solar atmosphere, from photosphere to the corona and the solar wind is a highly structured medium. Satellite observations have confirmed the presence of steady flows. Here, we investigate the parallel propagation of ... More
One loop partition function of six dimensional conformal gravity using heat kernel on AdSDec 02 2015Oct 20 2016We compute the heat kernel for the Laplacians of symmetric transverse traceless fields of arbitrary spin on the $AdS$ background in even number of dimensions using the group theoretic approach introduced in \cite{Gopakumar:2011qs} and apply it on the ... More
Dark Matter from Q4 Extension of Standard ModelDec 05 2012Recent analysis of spontaneous breaking of SU(2) as a continuous gauged flavor symmetry to non-abelian discrete group Q4 as a residual symmetry motivates its consideration as a group for stabilizing dark matter. We determine the region of hidden sector ... More
Strong coupling from the tau hadronic width by non-power QCD perturbation theoryJun 05 2013Starting from the divergent character of the perturbative expansions in QCD and using the technique of series acceleration by the conformal mappings of the Borel plane, I define a novel, non-power perturbative expansion for the Adler function, which simultaneously ... More
Early publications about nonzero cosmological constantMar 28 2012Apr 03 2012In 2011 the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for the 1998 discovery of the nonzero cosmological constant. This discovery is very important and surely worth to receive the Nobel Prize. However, years earlier several papers had been published (Paal, Horvath, ... More
Line Formation in the Inner Starburst Regions of AGNFeb 21 2003We review the evidence for young stellar populations in the inner (< 200 pc) regions of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN), and the physical mechanisms through which the stars can potentially create the emission lines that characterize AGN.
Weyl equivalence for rank 2 Nichols algebras of diagonal typeNov 29 2004Yetter--Drinfel'd modules of diagonal type admit an equivalence relation which conjecturally preserves dimension and Gel'fand--Kirillov dimension of the corresponding Nichols algebras. This relation is determined explicitly for all rank 2 Yetter--Drinfeld ... More
Recent developments in the search for Compton-thick AGNApr 10 2012I present a review of X-ray and mid-IR surveys for Compton-thick Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). These are the most highly obscured sources having hydrogen column densities >1.5x10^24 cm-2. Key surveys in the local Universe are presented including the high ... More
Gaudin's model and the generating function of the Wronski mapAug 30 2003We consider the Gaudin model associated to a point z in C^n with pairwise distinct coordinates and to the subspace of singular vectors of a given weight in the tensor product of irreducible finite-dimensional sl_2-representations, [G]. The Bethe equations ... More
The algebraic structure of geometric flows in two dimensionsJul 28 2005There is a common description of different intrinsic geometric flows in two dimensions using Toda field equations associated to continual Lie algebras that incorporate the deformation variable t into their system. The Ricci flow admits zero curvature ... More
O(2,2) Transformations and the String Geroch GroupFeb 03 1994The 1--loop string background equations with axion and dilaton fields are shown to be integrable in four dimensions in the presence of two commuting Killing symmetries and $\delta c = 0$. Then, in analogy with reduced gravity, there is an infinite group ... More
KKW Analysis for the Dyadosphere of a Charged Black HoleNov 28 2005The Keski-Vakkuri, Kraus and Wilczek (KKW) analysis is used to compute the temperature and entropy in the dyadosphere of a charged black hole solution. For our purpose we choose the dyadosphere region of the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole solution. Our ... More
The KKW Generalized Analysis for a Magnetic Stringy Black HoleDec 22 2004Jan 12 2005We apply the Keski-Vakkuri, Kraus and Wilczek (KKW) generalized analysis to a magnetic stringy black hole solution to compute its temperature and entropy. The solution that we choose in the Einstein-dilaton-Maxwell theory is the dual solution known as ... More
Energy Distribution of a Black Hole Solution in Heterotic String TheoryFeb 12 2003We calculate the energy distribution of a charged black hole solution in heterotic string theory in the M{\o}ller prescription.
Comments on a paper by B.Schulz about Bell's inequalitiesOct 25 2009Jun 30 2015Schulz claims to have constructed an actively local stochastic theory which violates Bell's inequality. This is false.
Derivation of the Einstein Equivalence Principle in a Class of Condensed Matter TheoriesApr 04 2001We consider a class of condensed matter theories in a Newtonian framework with a Lagrange formalism related in a natural way with the classical conservation laws \partial_t \rho + \partial_i (\rho v^i) = 0 \partial_t (\rho v^j) + \partial_i (\rho v^i ... More
General Ether TheoryJan 29 2000The paper is an introduction into General Ether Theory (GET). We start with few assumptions about an universal ``ether'' in a Newtonian space-time which fulfils \partial_t \rho + \partial_i (\rho v^i) = 0 \partial_t (\rho v^j) + \partial_i(\rho v^i v^j ... More
The Standard Model fermions as excitations of an etherDec 19 2009Nov 08 2012The three-dimensional complexified exteriour bundle $C \otimes \Lambda(R^3)$ is proposed as a geometric interpretation of electroweak doublets of Dirac fermions. The Dirac equation on this bundle allows a staggered discretization on a three-dimensional ... More
Performance and First Physics Results of the SVT Trigger at CDF IIJul 11 2003For the first time in a hadron collider, a novel trigger processor, the Silicon Vertex Trigger (SVT), allows to select the long-lived heavy flavor particles by cutting on the track impact parameter with a precision similar to that of the offline reconstruction. ... More
Non-Equilibrium Universe and Black Hole EvaporationNov 24 1998The evaporation of the black holes during the very early universe is studied. Starting from black hole filled universe, the distiributions of particle species are calculated and showed, that they differ remarkably from the corresponding equilibrium distributions. ... More
Baryogenesis in the Singlet Majoron ModelDec 15 1993The baryogenesis by decays of the right--handed neutrinos in the Majoron model is studied. We show that compared to the observational value it is possible to produce large enough baryon asymmetry in the Majoron model or, at least, contribute strongly ... More
Flipping SU(5) Towards Five Dimensional UnificationOct 15 2003Oct 26 2003It is shown that embedding of flipped SU(5) in a five-dimensional SO(10) enables exact unification of the gauge coupling constants. The demand for the unification uniquely determines both the compactification scale and the cutoff scale. These are found ... More
Gauge Invariant Matrix Model for the Â-D-Ê Closed StringsAug 21 1992The models of triangulated random surfaces embedded in (extended) Dynkin diagrams are formulated as a gauge-invariant matrix model of Weingarten type. The double scaling limit of this model is described by a collective field theory with nonpolynomial ... More
Stability pockets of a periodically forced oscillator in a model for seasonalityAug 27 2015A periodically forced oscillator in a model for seasonality shows stability pockets and chains thereof in the parameter plane. The frequency of the oscillator and the season indicated by a value between zero and one are the two parameters. The present ... More
Cardy-Verlinde Entropy Formula in the Presence of a General Cosmological State EquationApr 04 2002As recently found by Youm [hep-th/0201268], the entropy of the universe will no longer be expressible in the conventional Cardy-Verlinde form if one relaxes the radiation dominance state equation and instead assumes a more general equation of the form ... More
Self-Screening Hawking Atmosphere in the Presence of a Bulk ViscosityJun 16 1999Mar 16 2000The recent theory of 't Hooft [ Nucl. Phys. Suppl. {\bf 68}, 174 (1998)] models the black hole as a system endowed with an envelope of matter that obeys an equation of state in the form $ p=(\gamma -1)\rho$, and acts as a source in Einstein's equations. ... More
BRST Reduction of the chiral Hecke AlgebraSep 27 2006Nov 17 2008We explore the relationship between de Rham and Lie algebra cohomologies in the finite dimensional and affine settings. As an application, we describe the BRST reduction of the chiral Hecke algebra as a vertex super algebra.
The Phase Transition in SU(2)-HiggsAug 01 1997We investigate the properties of the Confinement-Higgs phase transition in the SU(2)-Higgs model. The system is shown to exhibit a transient behavior up to L=24 along which, the order of the phase transition cannot be discerned. In order to get a global ... More
The private classical capacity and quantum capacity of a quantum channelApr 18 2003Oct 21 2004A formula for the capacity of a quantum channel for transmitting private classical information is derived. This is shown to be equal to the capacity of the channel for generating a secret key, and neither capacity is enhanced by forward public classical ... More
Surface Half-Metallicity of CrAs in the Zinc-Blende StructureMar 26 2002May 08 2002The development of new techniques such as the molecular beam epitaxy have enabled the growth of thin films of materials presenting novel properties. Recently it was made possible to grow a CrAs thin-film in the zinc-blende structure. In this contribution, ... More
Slater-Pauling behavior in half-metallic magnetsFeb 19 2013We review the appearance of Slater-Pauling rules in half-metallic magnets. These rules have been derived using ab-initio electronic structure calculations and directly connect the electronic properties (existence of minority-spin energy gap) to the magnetic ... More
Dynamical fermion algorithm for variable actionsNov 09 2001Jan 02 2002A new version of the two-step multi-boson algorithm is developed with different fermion actions in the multi-boson and noisy Metropolis steps.
Multi-bosonic algorithms for dynamical fermion simulationsMar 16 1999Multi-bosonic fermion simulation algorithms are reviewed, with particular emphasis on a recent application in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory with light gluinos.
Quadratically optimized polynomials for fermion simulationsJul 09 1997Dec 05 1997Quadratically optimized polynomials are described which are useful in multi-bosonic algorithms for Monte Carlo simulations of quantum field theories with fermions. Algorithms for the computation of the coefficients and roots of these polynomials are described ... More
Leptoquarks and vector-like strong interactions at the TeV scaleApr 10 1997May 28 1997In a vector-like extension of the minimal standard model with mirror fermions leptoquarks can be bound states of fermion-mirror-fermion pairs held together by a new strong interaction at the TeV scale. The small couplings of leptoquarks to light fermion ... More
Electroweak Phase Transition and Numerical Simulations in the SU(2) Higgs ModelJul 31 1995Recent progress in non-perturbative investigations of the electroweak phase transition is reviewed, with special emphasis on numerical simulations in the four-dimen\-sional SU(2) Higgs model.
A characterization of Prym varietiesJun 13 2005Apr 26 2006We prove that Prym varieties of algebraic curves with two smooth fixed points of involution are exactly the indecomposable principally polarized abelian varieties whose theta-functions provide explicit formulae for integrable 2D Schr\"odinger equation. ... More