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Small-scale resolving simulations of the turbulent mixing in confined planar jets using one-dimensional turbulenceApr 17 2019Small-scale effects of turbulent mixing are numerically investigated by applying the map-based, stochastic, one-dimensional turbulence (ODT) model to confined planar jets. The model validation is carried out for the momentum transport by comparing ODT ... More

The heat semigroup in the compact Heckman-Opdam setting and the Segal-Bargmann transformMar 15 2010In the first part of this paper, we study the heat equation and the heat kernel associated with the Heckman-Opdam Laplacian in the compact, Weyl-group invariant setting. In particular, this Laplacian gives rise to a Feller-Markov semigroup on a fundamental ... More

Convolution algebras for Heckman-Opdam polynomials derived from compact GrassmanniansNov 26 2009May 12 2014We study convolution algebras associated with Heckman-Opdam polynomials. For root systems of type BC we derive three continuous classes of positive convolution algebras (hypergroups) by interpolating the double coset convolution structures of compact ... More

Alternative to evolving surface finite element methodJan 30 2015Apr 15 2016ESFEM is a method introduced in order to solve a linear advection-diffusion equation on an evolving two-dimensional surface with finite elements by using a moving grid with nodes sitting on and evolving with the surface. The evolution of the surface is ... More

IMEX based Multi-Scale Time Advancement in ODTLESJun 05 2018In this paper we overcome a key problem in an otherwise highly potential approach to study turbulent flows, ODTLES (One-Dimensional Turbulence Large Eddy Simulation). From a methodological point of view, ODTLES is an approach in between Direct Numerical ... More

XLES Part II: From Extended Large Eddy Simulation to ODTLESJun 16 2015In turbulence research and flow applications, turbulence models like RaNS (Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes) models and LES (Large Eddy Simulation) are used. Both models filter the governing flow equations. Thus a scale separation approach is introduced ... More

XLES Part I: Introduction to Extended Large Eddy SimulationJun 16 2015Direct numerical simulation (DNS), mostly used in fundamental turbulence research, is limited to low turbulent intensities due the current and future computer resources. Standard turbulence models, like RaNS (Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes) and LES (Large ... More

Polynomial-time isomorphism testing of groups of most finite ordersJun 22 2018Oct 05 2018We consider the isomorphism problem for finite abelian groups and finite meta-cyclic groups. We prove that for a dense set of positive integers $n$, isomorphism testing for abelian groups of black-box type of order $n$ can be done in time polynomial in ... More

Proceedings of the 3rd MANIAC Challenge, Berlin, Germany, July 27 - 28, 2013Jan 06 2014Jan 08 2014This is the Proceedings of the 3rd MANIAC Challenge, which was held in Berlin, Germany, July 27 - 28, 2013.

Integral Menger curvature for surfacesNov 11 2009Nov 18 2009We develop the concept of integral Menger curvature for a large class of nonsmooth surfaces. We prove uniform Ahlfors regularity and a $C^{1,\lambda}$-a-priori bound for surfaces for which this functional is finite. In fact, it turns out that there is ... More

On Cognitive Preferences and the Plausibility of Rule-based ModelsMar 04 2018Apr 22 2019It is conventional wisdom in machine learning and data mining that logical models such as rule sets are more interpretable than other models, and that among such rule-based models, simpler models are more interpretable than more complex ones. In this ... More

Reaction-diffusion model for STIM-ORAI interaction: the role of ROS and mutationsApr 23 2018Feb 20 2019Release of $Ca^{2+}$ from endoplasmatic retriculum (ER) $Ca^{2+}$ stores causes stromal interaction molecules (STIM) in the ER membrane and ORAI proteins in the plasma membrane (PM) to interact and form the $Ca^{2+}$ release activated $Ca^{2+}$ (CRAC) ... More

A quantum reactive scattering perspective on electronic nonadiabaticityMar 13 2014Based on quantum reactive-scattering theory, we propose a method for studying the electronic nonadiabaticity in collision processes involving electron-ion rearrangements. We investigate the state-to-state transition probability for electron-ion rearrangements ... More

Optimal control theory for quantum electrodynamics: an initial state problemAug 08 2018In conventional quantum optimal control theory, the parameters that determine an external field are optimised to maximise some predefined function of the trajectory, or of the final state, of a matter system. The situation changes in the case of quantum ... More

Large Eddy Simulations of Supersonic TurbulenceOct 01 2009Based on ideas by Woodward et al., a subgrid scale model that is applicable to highly compressible turbulence is presented. Applying the subgrid scale model in large eddy simulations of forced supersonic turbulence, the bottleneck effect is largely reduced ... More

An Array AlgebraDec 29 2008This is a proposal of an algebra which aims at distributed array processing. The focus lies on re-arranging and distributing array data, which may be multi-dimensional. The context of the work is scientific processing; thus, the core science operations ... More

Introduction to Machine ProtectionAug 08 2016Protection of accelerator equipment is as old as accelerator technology and was for many years related to high-power equipment. Examples are the protection of powering equipment from overheating (magnets, power converters, high-current cables), of superconducting ... More

Machine Protection and Interlock Systems for Circular Machines - Example for LHCAug 10 2016This paper introduces the protection of circular particle accelerators from accidental beam losses. Already the energy stored in the beams for accelerators such as the TEVATRON at Fermilab and Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) at CERN could cause serious ... More

Isometric and metamorphic operations on the space of local fundamental measuresJan 21 2011We consider symmetry operations on the four-dimensional vector space that is spanned by the local versions of the Minkowski functionals (or fundamental measures): volume, surface, integral mean curvature, and Euler characteristic, of an underlying three-dimensional ... More

Gamma-Ray Burst Luminosity Functions Based on Luminosity CriteriaJan 15 2003We review five studies of the gamma-ray burst (GRB) luminosity function that are based on one or more of the proposed luminosity criteria, i.e., variability, spectral lag and spectral hardness. A comparison between the resulting luminosity functions at ... More

The GUSBAD Catalog of Gamma-Ray BurstsJun 23 2004Sep 28 2004The GUSBAD catalog of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is based on archival BATSE DISCLA data covering the full 9.1 years of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory mission. The catalog contains 2204 GRBs, including 589 bursts not listed in the Current BATSE Burst Catalog. ... More

Derivation of a Sample of Gamma-Ray Bursts from BATSE DISCLA DataJan 07 2000We have searched for gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) in the BATSE DISCLA data over a time period of 5.9 years. We employ a trigger requiring an excess of at least 5 sigma over background for at least two modules in the 50-300 keV range. After excluding certain ... More

Local Grand Unification in the Heterotic LandscapeJun 30 2009Sep 03 2009We consider the possibility that the unification of the electroweak interactions and the strong force arises from string theory, at energies significantly lower than the string scale. As a tool, an effective grand unified field theory in six dimensions ... More

The Weight in EnumerationDec 02 2016In our setting enumeration amounts to generate all solutions of a problem instance without duplicates. We address the problem of enumerating the models of B-formulae. A B-formula is a propositional formula whose connectives are taken from a fixed set ... More

Gauge-Higgs Unification from the Heterotic StringAug 31 2007We present a 6D orbifold model on $T^2/\Z2$ which emerges as intermediate step in the compactification of the heterotic string to the supersymmetric standard model in four dimensions. It has $\SU6$ gauge symmetry in the bulk and two pairs of inequivalent ... More

Circular sets of prime numbers and p-extension of the rationalsApr 26 2005Feb 05 2006Let p be an odd prime number and let S be a finite set of prime numbers congruent to 1 modulo p. We prove that the group G_S(Q)(p) has cohomological dimension 2 if the linking diagram attached to S and p satisfies a certain technical condition, and we ... More

Counting rational points and lower bounds for Galois orbitsFeb 06 2018Feb 20 2019In this article we present a new method to obtain polynomial lower bounds for Galois orbits of torsion points of one dimensional group varieties.

The 3/5-conjecture for weakly $S(K_{1,3})$-free forestsJul 10 2015The $3/5$-conjecture for the domination game states that the game domination numbers of an isolate-free graph $G$ on $n$ vertices are bounded as follows: $\gamma_g(G)\leq \frac{3n}5 $ and $\gamma_g'(G)\leq \frac{3n+2}5 $. Recent progress have been done ... More

Quantum automorphisms of folded cube graphsOct 26 2018We show that the quantum automorphism group of the Clebsch graph is $SO_5^{-1}$. This answers a question by Banica, Bichon and Collins from 2007. More general for odd $n$, the quantum automorphism group of the folded $n$-cube graph is $SO_n^{-1}$. Furthermore, ... More

The Massless Nelson Hamiltonian and its DomainJan 17 2019In the theory of point interactions, one is given a formal expression for a quantum mechanical Hamiltonian. The interaction terms of the Hamiltonian are singular: they can not be rigorously defined as a perturbation (in the operator or form sense) of ... More

On the applicability of the level set method beyond the flamelet regime in thermonuclear supernova simulationsJan 15 2007In thermonuclear supernovae, intermediate mass elements are mostly produced by distributed burning provided that a deflagration to detonation transition does not set in. Apart from the two-dimensional study by Roepke & Hillebrandt (2005), very little ... More

Spectroscopic Measurements Using the H1 and ZEUS DetectorsJun 08 2005Results on spectroscopy from the H1 and ZEUS collaborations are presented. The main focus is to search for baryon states which could be interpreted as pentaquarks. This includes states decaying to K^0_sp and K^0_s\bar{p}, \Xi\pi and D*p. In addition an ... More

Counting rational points and lower bounds for Galois orbitsFeb 06 2018Feb 13 2018In this article we present a new method to obtain polynomial lower bounds for Galois orbits of torsion points of one dimensional group varieties.

Transverse Target Spin asymmetries in exclusive $ρ^0$ muoproductionNov 06 2013Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) provide a dynamical picture of the nucleon. The exclusive production of $\rho^0$ mesons on a transversely polarised target is sensitive to the nucleon helicity-flip GPDs $E$ which are related to the total angular ... More

QCD Thermodynamics with Almost Realistic Quark MassesJun 29 2006Ongoing calculations on the QCDOC supercomputer at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the APEnext installation at the University of Bielefeld aim to determine the critical temperature of the QCD phase transition as well as the equation of state with almost ... More

Universal critical behavior and the transition temperature in (2+1)-flavor QCDDec 10 2010We discuss the universal critical behavior in (2+1)-flavor QCD by analyzing lattice data from improved staggered fermions generated by the HotQCD Collaboration. We present recent results from two different lattice discretizations and various lattice spacings ... More

QCD Thermodynamics with an almost realistic quark mass spectrumJan 25 2006We will report on the status of a new large scale calculation of thermodynamic quantities in QCD with light up and down quarks corresponding to an almost physical light quark mass value and a heavier strange quark mass. These calculations are currently ... More

Elicitation of ambiguous beliefs with mixing betsFeb 20 2019I consider the elicitation of ambiguous beliefs about an event. I introduce a mechanism that allows to identify an interval of probabilities (representing ambiguity perception) for several classes of ambiguity averse preferences. The agent reveals her ... More

Physics of Nuclear AntishadowingNov 14 2005Shadowing and antishadowing of the electromagnetic nuclear structure functions are produced by the coherence of multiscattering quark nuclear processes. This picture leads to substantially different antishadowing for charged and neutral current processes, ... More

Statics and dynamics of inhomogeneous liquids via the internal-energy functionalOct 20 2011We give a variational formulation of classical statistical mechanics where the one-body density and the local entropy distribution constitute the trial fields. Using Levy's constrained search method it is shown that the grand potential is a functional ... More

Gamma-Ray Burst Luminosity Functions Based On a Newly Discovered Correlation Between Peak Spectral Energy and V/V_maxMay 18 2009Aug 06 2009We have discovered a correlation between the observed peak spectral energy E_pk,obs and the average Euclidean value of V/V_max of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We present the evidence for the correlation in the GUSBAD catalog and use it to derive the luminosity ... More

Are Durations of Weak Gamma-Ray Bursts Reliable?Aug 16 2005Simulations in the GUSBAD Catalog of gamma-ray bursts suggest that the apparent duration of a burst decreases as its amplitude is decreased. We see no evidence for this effect in the BATSE catalog. We show that for a burst at the detection limit, the ... More

Rosenfeld functional for non-additive hard spheresJul 01 2004The fundamental measure density functional theory for hard spheres is generalized to binary mixtures of arbitrary positive and moderate negative non-additivity between unlike components. In bulk the theory predicts fluid-fluid phase separation into phases ... More

Gamma-Ray Bursts Detected From BATSE DISCLA DataAug 17 1999We have searched for gamma-ray bursts (GRB) in the BATSE DISCLA data covering the period TJD 8365-10528. We employ an algorithm that uses the background both before and after the onset of the burst, and that requires an excess of at least 5 sigma over ... More

Picard groups in $p$-adic Fourier theoryMar 27 2009Jun 25 2013Let $L$ be a proper finite extension of the field of $p$-adic numbers and let $o\subset L$ be its integers, viewed as an abelian locally $L$-analytic group. Let $\hat{o}$ be the rigid analytic group variety parametrizing the locally analytic characters ... More

Recurrence of cocycles and stationary random walksAug 09 2006We survey distributional properties of $\mathbb{R}^d$-valued cocycles of finite measure preserving ergodic transformations (or, equivalently, of stationary random walks in $\mathbb{R}^d$) which determine recurrence or transience.

On the K(π,1)-property for rings of integers in the mixed caseJan 14 2008We investigate the Galois group G_S(p) of the maximal p-extension unramified outside a finite set S of primes of a number field in the (mixed) case, when there are primes dividing p inside and outside S. We show that the cohomology of G_S(p) is "often" ... More

Auslander Regularity of p-adic Distribution AlgebrasMar 15 2007Oct 01 2012Given a compact p-adic Lie group we show that its distribution algebra is Frechet-Stein with Auslander regular Banach algebras. As an application, we show that nonzero coadmissible modules coming from smooth or, more general, U(g)-finite representations ... More

Characterization of highly anisotropic three-dimensionally nanostructured surfacesAug 13 2013Generalized ellipsometry, a non-destructive optical characterization technique, is employed to determine geometrical structure parameters and anisotropic dielectric properties of highly spatially coherent three-dimensionally nanostructured thin films ... More

Rank two sheaves with maximal third Chern character in three-dimensional projective spaceNov 29 2018We give a complete classification of semistable rank two sheaves on three-dimensional projective space with maximal third Chern character. This implies an explicit description of their moduli spaces. As an open subset they contain rank two reflexive sheaves ... More

Counterexample to the Generalized Bogomolov-Gieseker Inequality for ThreefoldsFeb 16 2016We give a counterexample to the generalized Bogomolov-Gieseker inequality for threefolds conjectured by Bayer, Macr\`i and Toda using the blow up of a point over three dimensional projective space.

Bridgeland Stability on Threefolds - Some Wall CrossingsSep 15 2015Following up on the construction of Bridgeland stability condition on $\mathbb{P}^3$ by Macr\`i, we compute first examples of wall crossing behaviour. In particular, for Hilbert schemes of curves such as twisted cubics or complete intersections of the ... More

On locally analytic Beilinson-Bernstein localization and the canonical dimensionAug 07 2011Jun 25 2013Let G be a connected split reductive group over a p-adic field. In the first part of the paper we prove, under certain assumptions on G and the prime p, a localization theorem of Beilinson-Bernstein type for admissible locally analytic representations ... More

A note on expansion of convex plane curves via inverse curvature flowJun 16 2014Recently Andrews and Bryan [3] discovered a comparison function which allows them to shorten the classical proof of the well-known fact that the curve shortening flow shrinks embedded closed curves in the plane to a round point. Using this comparison ... More

Parameter estimation for power-law distributions by maximum likelihood methodsApr 14 2007Aug 11 2007Distributions following a power-law are an ubiquitous phenomenon. Methods for determining the exponent of a power-law tail by graphical means are often used in practice but are intrinsically unreliable. Maximum likelihood estimators for the exponent are ... More

Anisotropic Interface Depinning - Numerical ResultsMay 03 1996We study numerically a stochastic differential equation describing an interface driven along the hard direction of an anisotropic random medium. The interface is subject to a homogeneous driving force, random pinning forces and the surface tension. In ... More

Critical Behavior of the 3d Random Field Ising Model: Two-Exponent Scaling or First Order Phase Transition?Mar 08 1995In extensive Monte Carlo simulations the phase transition of the random field Ising model in three dimensions is investigated. The values of the critical exponents are determined via finite size scaling. For a Gaussian distribution of the random fields ... More

Interface Depinning in a Disordered Medium - Numerical ResultsFeb 26 1993We propose a lattice model to study the dynamics of a driven interface in a medium with random pinning forces. For driving forces F smaller than a threshold force F_c the whole interface gets pinned. The depinning transition can be characterized by a ... More

Cavity Born-Oppenheimer Approximation for Correlated Electron-Nuclear-Photon SystemsNov 28 2016In this work, we illustrate the recently introduced concept of the cavity Born-Oppenheimer approximation for correlated electron-nuclear-photon problems in detail. We demonstrate how an expansion in terms of conditional electronic and photon-nuclear wave ... More

Local Temporal Bilinear Pooling for Fine-grained Action ParsingDec 05 2018Jan 10 2019Fine-grained temporal action parsing is important in many applications, such as daily activity understanding, human motion analysis, surgical robotics and others requiring subtle and precise operations in a long-term period. In this paper we propose a ... More

Multi-party authorization and conflict mediation for decentralized configuration management processesMar 19 2019Configuration management in networks with highest security demands must not depend on just one administrator and her device. Otherwise, problems can be caused by mistakes or malicious behavior of this admin, or when her computer got compromised, which ... More

Large-scale Velocities and Primordial Non-GaussianityMay 21 2010Jun 01 2010We study the peculiar velocities of density peaks in the presence of primordial non-Gaussianity. Rare, high density peaks in the initial density field can be identified with tracers such as galaxies and clusters in the evolved matter distribution. The ... More

Self-Consistent Cosmological Simulations of DGP Braneworld GravityMay 06 2009Sep 16 2009We perform cosmological N-body simulations of the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati braneworld model, by solving the full non-linear equations of motion for the scalar degree of freedom in this model, the brane bending mode. While coupling universally to matter, ... More

Weak Lensing Probes of Modified GravityMay 30 2008Jul 14 2008We study the effect of modifications to General Relativity on large scale weak lensing observables. In particular, we consider three modified gravity scenarios: f(R) gravity, the DGP model, and TeVeS theory. Weak lensing is sensitive to the growth of ... More

Dynamical Masses in Modified GravityMar 01 2010Mar 11 2010Differences in masses inferred from dynamics, such as velocity dispersions or X-rays, and those inferred from lensing are a generic prediction of modified gravity theories. Viable models however must include some non-linear mechanism to restore General ... More

Cosmological Simulations of Normal-Branch Braneworld GravityOct 01 2009Nov 30 2009We introduce a cosmological model based on the normal branch of DGP braneworld gravity with a smooth dark energy component on the brane. The expansion history in this model is identical to LambdaCDM, thus evading all geometric constraints on the DGP cross-over ... More

Sources of false positives and false negatives in the STATCHECK algorithm: Reply to Nuijten et al. (2015)Oct 04 2016Oct 10 2016STATCHECK is an R algorithm designed to scan papers automatically for inconsistencies between test statistics and their associated p values (Nuijten et al., 2015). The goal of this comment is to point out an important and well-documented flaw in this ... More

Sources of false positives and false negatives in the STATCHECK algorithm: Reply to Nuijten et al. (2016)Oct 04 2016Nov 15 2016STATCHECK is an R algorithm designed to scan papers automatically for inconsistencies between test statistics and their associated p values (Nuijten et al., 2016). The goal of this comment is to point out an important and well-documented flaw in this ... More

Large Eddy Simulations in AstrophysicsApr 09 2014In this review, the methodology of large eddy simulations (LES) is introduced and applications in astrophysics are discussed. As theoretical framework, the scale decomposition of the dynamical equations for neutral fluids by means of spatial filtering ... More

Auslander-Reiten theory for simply connected differential graded algebrasJan 04 2008Peter Jorgensen introduced the Auslander-Reiten quiver of a simply connected Poincare duality space. He showed that its components are of the form ZA_infty and that the Auslander-Reiten quiver of a d-dimensional sphere consists of d-1 such components. ... More

Proceedings of the 2014 Joint International Accelerator School: Beam Loss and Accelerator Protection (JAS 2014), Newport Beach, CA, USA, 5-14 Nov 2014Aug 11 2016Many particle accelerators operate with very high beam power and very high energy stored in particle beams as well as in magnet systems. In the future, the beam power in high intensity accelerators will further increase. The protection of the accelerator ... More

Behavioral criteria of feedforward processing in rapid-chase theory: Some formal considerationsMay 22 2014Oct 15 2014The rapid-chase theory of response priming defines a set of behavioral criteria that indicate feedforward processing of visual stimulus features rather than recurrent processing. These feedforward criteria are strong predictions from a feedforward model ... More

Density functional for ternary non-additive hard sphere mixturesAug 31 2011Sep 27 2011Based on fundamental measure theory, a Helmholtz free energy density functional for three-component mixtures of hard spheres with general, non-additive interaction distances is constructed. The functional constitutes a generalization of the previously ... More

Luminosity Function of Gamma-Ray Bursts Derived Without Benefit of RedshiftsJan 10 2001We show that the Euclidean value of <V/Vmax> for gamma-ray bursts (GRB) selected on a timescale of 1024 ms is correlated with spectral hardness. The value of <V/Vmax> ranges from 0.42 for soft bursts to 0.26 for the hardest bursts. Given that the Euclidean ... More

Luminosities, Space Densities and Redshift Distributions of Gamma-Ray BurstsJan 07 2000We use the BD2 sample of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) based on 5.9 years of BATSE DISCLA data with a variety of models of the luminosity function to derive characteristic GRB luminosities, space densities and redshift distributions. Previously published results ... More

Luminosities and Space Densities of Short Gamma-Ray BurstsAug 29 2001Using the Euclidean value of <V/Vmax> as a cosmological distance indicator, we derive the isotropic-equivalent characteristic peak luminosity of gamma-ray bursts both longer and shorter than 2 s. The short bursts have essentially the same characteristic ... More

Conserved charge fluctuations with HISQ fermionsJan 28 2013We calculate cumulants of fluctuations of net-baryon number, net-electric charge and net-strangeness, in the framework of lattice regularized QCD. We use a highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) action on lattices with temporal extent of N_tau=6,8 and ... More

QCD bulk thermodynamics and conserved charge fluctuations with HISQ fermionsDec 18 2012After briefly reviewing recent progress by the HotQCD collaboration in studying the 2+1 flavor QCD equation of state, we will focus on results on fluctuations of conserved charges by the BNL-Bielefeld and HotQCD collaborations. Higher order cumulants ... More

Strangeness at high temperaturesOct 11 2013We use up to fourth order cumulants of net strangeness fluctuations and their correlations with net baryon number fluctuations to extract information on the strange meson and baryon contribution to the low temperature hadron resonance gas, the dissolution ... More

Rings of integers of type $K(π,1)$May 23 2007Nov 14 2007We investigate the Galois group $G_S(p)$ of the maximal $p$-extension unramified outside a finite $S$ of primes of a number field in the (tame) case, when no prime dividing $p$ is in $S$. We show that the cohomology of $G_S(p)$ is 'often' isomorphic to ... More

On the infinite particle limit in Lagrangian dynamics and convergence of optimal transportation meshfree methodsJan 15 2013We consider Lagrangian systems in the limit of infinitely many particles. It is shown that the corresponding discrete action functionals Gamma-converge to a continuum action functional acting on probability measures of particle trajectories. Also the ... More

Verma modules over p-adic Arens-Michael envelopes of reductive Lie algebrasAug 23 2010Jun 25 2013Let K be a locally compact nonarchimedean field, g a split reductive Lie algebra over K and U(g) its universal enveloping algebra. We study the category C_g of coadmissible modules over the nonarchimedean Arens-Michael envelope of U(g). Let p be a parabolic ... More

On unitary deformations of smooth modular representationsDec 20 2009Oct 15 2012Let G be a locally analytic group. We use deformation theory and Emerton's 'augmented' Iwasawa modules to study the possible liftings of a given absolutely irreducible smooth modular representation of G to a unitary Banach space representation. Final ... More

A Griffith-Euler-Bernoulli theory for thin brittle beams derived from nonlinear models in variational fracture mechanicsFeb 24 2016We study a planar thin brittle beam subject to elastic deformations and cracks described in terms of a nonlinear Griffith energy functional acting on $SBV$ deformations of the beam. In particular we consider the case in which elastic bulk contributions ... More

A generalized Bogomolov-Gieseker inequality for the smooth quadric threefoldSep 17 2013May 07 2014We prove a generalized Bogomolov-Gieseker inequality as conjectured by Bayer, Macr\`i and Toda for the smooth quadric threefold. This implies the existence of a family of Bridgeland stability conditions.

Aging in Disordered SystemsJul 13 1995The dynamics of strongly disordered systems becomes extremely slow or glassy at low temperatures, which results in a characteristic aging scenario. This means that the outcome of measurements strongly depends on the history of the system within the glassy ... More

Towards Swarm Calculus: Urn Models of Collective Decisions and Universal Properties of Swarm PerformanceOct 24 2012Mar 18 2013Methods of general applicability are searched for in swarm intelligence with the aim of gaining new insights about natural swarms and to develop design methodologies for artificial swarms. An ideal solution could be a `swarm calculus' that allows to calculate ... More

The inverse F-curvature flow in ARW spacesJun 23 2011We consider the so-called inverse $F$-curvature flow (IFCF) $\dot x = -F^{-1}\nu$ in ARW spaces, i.e. in Lorentzian manifolds with a special future singularity. Here, $F$ denotes a curvature function of class $(K^*)$, which is homogenous of degree one, ... More

Non-Gaussian Halo Bias Beyond the Squeezed LimitApr 05 2013Jun 13 2013Primordial non-Gaussianity, in particular the coupling of modes with widely different wavelengths, can have a strong impact on the large-scale clustering of tracers through a scale-dependent bias with respect to matter. We demonstrate that the standard ... More

Machine ProtectionJan 20 2016The protection of accelerator equipment is as old as accelerator technology and was for many years related to high-power equipment. Examples are the protection of powering equipment from overheating (magnets, power converters, high-current cables), of ... More

On the electronic structure of the charge-ordered phase in epitaxial and polycrystalline La1-xCaxMnO3 (x = 0.55, 0.67) perovskite manganitesMar 28 2008In this work the charge transport properties of charge ordered (CO) La1-xCaxMnO3 (LCMO) (x= 0.55, 0.67) epitaxial thin films and polycrystals are discussed following the recent controversy of localised electron states vs. weakly or de- localised charge ... More

Injectives Hulls and Projective Covers in Categories of Generalized Uniform HypergraphsJul 24 2018We construct injective hulls and projective covers in categories of generalized uniform hypergraphs which generalizes the constructions in the category of quivers and the category of undirected graphs. While the constructions are not functorial, they ... More

A Note on the Schmid-Witt symbol and Higher Local FieldsSep 13 2017For a local field of characteristic $p>0$, $K$, the combination of local class field theory and Artin-Schreier-Witt theory yield what is known as the Schmid-Witt symbol. The symbol encodes interesting data about the ramification theory of $p$-extensions ... More

Luminosities and Space Densities of Gamma-Ray BurstsAug 18 1999We use a homogeneous sample of gamma-ray bursts (GRB) extracted from 5.9 years of BATSE DISCLA data (astro-ph/9908190) and a variety of broken power-law luminosity functions to derive GRB luminosities and space densities. Luminosity functions that are ... More

$T$-adic Exponential Sums over AffinoidsJan 16 2019We introduce and develop $(\pi,p)$-adic Dwork theory for $L$-functions of exponential sums associated to one-variable rational functions, interpolating $p^k$-order exponential sums over affinoids. Namely, we prove a generalization of the Dwork-Monsky-Reich ... More

Baryon number and charge fluctuations from lattice QCDDec 18 2012We calculate electric and baryonic charge fluctuations on the lattice. Results have been obtained with the highly improved staggered quark action (HISQ) and almost physical quark masses on lattices with spacial extent of $N_\tau=6,8,12$. Higher order ... More

Net-baryon number fluctuations in (2+1)-flavor QCDJul 29 2010We present a lattice study of net-baryon number fluctuations in (2+1)-flavor QCD. The results are based on a Taylor expansion of the pressure with respect to the baryon chemical potential. We calculate higher moments of the net-baryon number fluctuations ... More

The QCD equation of state from improved staggered fermionsJun 22 2009We calculate the equation of state in 2+1 flavor QCD at finite temperature with physical strange quark mass and almost physical light quark masses using lattices with temporal extent $N_{\tau}=8$. Calculations have been performed with two different improved ... More

Shot-Noise Processes in FinanceDec 20 2016Shot-Noise processes constitute a useful tool in various areas, in particular in finance. They allow to model abrupt changes in a more flexible way than processes with jumps and hence are an ideal tool for modelling stock prices, credit portfolio risk, ... More

On the existence and uniqueness of self-adjoint realizations of discrete (magnetic) Schrödinger operatorsMay 22 2018In this expository paper we answer two fundamental questions concerning discrete magnetic Schr\"odinger operator associated with weighted graphs. We discuss when formal expressions of such operators give rise to self-adjoint operators, i.e., when they ... More