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Scaling Behaviour of Quiver Quantum MechanicsMar 09 2015Sep 28 2015We explore vacuum degeneracy of Kronecker quiver with large ranks, by computing Witten index of corresponding 1d gauged linear sigma model. For $(d-1,d)_k$ quivers with the intersection number $k$, we actually counted index of its mutation equivalent, ... More

Comments on twisted indices in 3d supersymmetric gauge theoriesMay 20 2016Jun 21 2016We study three-dimensional ${\mathcal N}=2$ supersymmetric gauge theories on ${\Sigma_g \times S^1}$ with a topological twist along $\Sigma_g$, a genus-$g$ Riemann surface. The twisted supersymmetric index at genus $g$ and the correlation functions of ... More

D-brane anomaly inflow revisitedJan 03 2012Feb 07 2012Axial and gravitational anomaly of field theories, when embedded in string theory, must be accompanied by canceling inflow. We give a self-contained overview for various world-volume theories, and clarify the role of smeared magnetic sources in I-brane/D-brane ... More

Exact Partition Functions on RP2 and OrientifoldsOct 16 2013Feb 06 2014We consider gauged linear sigma models (GLSM) on $\mathbb{RP}^2$, obtained from a parity projection of $S^2$. The theories admit squashing deformation, much like GLSM on $S^2$, which allows us to interpret the partition function as the overlap amplitude ... More

't Hooft anomalies and the holomorphy of supersymmetric partition functionsMay 14 2019We study the dependence of supersymmetric partition functions on continuous parameters for the flavor symmetry group, $G_F$, for 2d $\mathcal{N} = (0,2)$ and 4d $\mathcal{N}=1$ supersymmetric quantum field theories. In any diffeomorphism-invariant scheme ... More

Witten Index and Wall CrossingJul 09 2014Dec 22 2014We compute the Witten index of one-dimensional gauged linear sigma models with at least ${\mathcal N}=2$ supersymmetry. In the phase where the gauge group is broken to a finite group, the index is expressed as a certain residue integral. It is subject ... More

$\mathcal{N}{=}1$ supersymmetric indices and the four-dimensional A-modelJul 18 2017Aug 14 2017We compute the supersymmetric partition function of $\mathcal{N}{=}1$ supersymmetric gauge theories with an $R$-symmetry on $\mathcal{M}_4 \cong \mathcal{M}_{g,p}\times S^1$, a principal elliptic fiber bundle of degree $p$ over a genus-$g$ Riemann surface, ... More

't Hooft anomalies and the holomorphy of supersymmetric partition functionsMay 14 2019Jun 04 2019We study the dependence of supersymmetric partition functions on continuous parameters for the flavor symmetry group, $G_F$, for 2d $\mathcal{N} = (0,2)$ and 4d $\mathcal{N}=1$ supersymmetric quantum field theories. In any diffeomorphism-invariant scheme ... More

Mutation, Witten Index, and Quiver InvariantApr 01 2015Apr 16 2015We explore Seiberg-like dualities, or mutations, for ${\cal N}=4$ quiver quantum mechanics in the context of wall-crossing. In contrast to higher dimensions, the 1d Seiberg-duality must be performed with much care. With fixed Fayet-Iliopoulos constants, ... More

Seifert fibering operators in 3d $\mathcal{N}=2$ theoriesJul 06 2018Oct 12 2018We study 3d $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric gauge theories on closed oriented Seifert manifold---circle bundles over an orbifold Riemann surface---, with a gauge group G given by a product of simply-connected and/or unitary Lie groups. Our main result ... More

Supersymmetric partition functions and the three-dimensional A-twistJan 11 2017Jan 19 2017We study three-dimensional $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric gauge theories on $\mathcal{M}_{g,p}$, an oriented circle bundle of degree $p$ over a closed Riemann surface, $\Sigma_g$. We compute the $\mathcal{M}_{g,p}$ supersymmetric partition function and ... More

Twisted Indices of 3d ${\mathcal N} = 4$ Gauge Theories and Enumerative Geometry of Quasi-MapsDec 13 2018Mar 26 2019We explore the geometric interpretation of the twisted index of 3d ${\mathcal N} =4$ gauge theories on $S^1\times \Sigma$ where $\Sigma$ is a closed genus $g$ Riemann surface. We focus on a rich class of supersymmetric quiver gauge theories that have ... More

Twisted Indices of 3d ${\mathcal N} = 4$ Gauge Theories and Enumerative Geometry of Quasi-MapsDec 13 2018Jul 02 2019We explore the geometric interpretation of the twisted index of 3d ${\mathcal N} =4$ gauge theories on $S^1\times \Sigma$ where $\Sigma$ is a closed Riemann surface. We focus on a rich class of supersymmetric quiver gauge theories that have isolated vacua ... More

Ab Initio Wall-CrossingJul 04 2011Sep 05 2011We derive supersymmetric quantum mechanics of n BPS objects with 3n position degrees of freedom and 4n fermionic partners with SO(4) R-symmetry. The potential terms, essential and sufficient for the index problem for non-threshold BPS states, are universal, ... More

Twisted Indices of 3d ${\mathcal N} = 4$ Gauge Theories and Enumerative Geometry of Quasi-MapsDec 13 2018We explore the geometric interpretation of the twisted index of 3d ${\mathcal N} =4$ gauge theories on $S^1\times \Sigma$ where $\Sigma$ is a closed genus $g$ Riemann surface. We focus on a rich class of supersymmetric quiver gauge theories that have ... More

Phase transition of quantum corrected Schwarzschild black holeJul 23 2012Nov 07 2012We study the thermodynamic phase transition of a quantum-corrected Schwarzschild black hole. The modified metric affects the critical temperature which is slightly less than the conventional one. The space without black holes is not the hot flat space ... More

Black holes with baryonic charge and $\mathcal{I}$-extremizationApr 10 2019Jun 04 2019Recently it was discovered that twisted superconformal index ${\mathcal{I}}$ can be used to understand the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of magnetically charged black holes in AdS spacetime. In this paper we apply the so-called $\mathcal{I}$-extremization ... More

Resonant absorption and amplification of circularly-polarized waves in inhomogeneous chiral mediaFeb 19 2016It has been found that in the media where the dielectric permittivity $\epsilon$ or the magnetic permeability $\mu$ is near zero and in transition metamaterials where $\epsilon$ or $\mu$ changes from positive to negative values, there occur a strong absorption ... More

Excitation of surface waves on the interfaces of general bi-isotropic mediaMay 20 2016Jun 30 2016We study theoretically the characteristics of surface waves excited at the interface between a metal and a general bi-isotropic medium, which includes isotropic chiral media and Tellegen media as special cases. We derive an analytical dispersion relation ... More

2D Electrophoresis Gel Image and Diagnosis of a DiseaseMay 28 2003The process of diagnosing a disease from the 2D gel electrophoresis image is a challenging problem. This is due to technical difficulties of generating reproducible images with a normalized form and the effect of negative stain. In this paper, we will ... More

A Representation of Changes of Images and its Application for Developmental BiolologyMay 13 2003In this paper, we consider a series of events observed at spaced time intervals and present a method of representation of the series. To explain an idea, by dealing with a set of gene expression data, which could be obtained from developmental biology, ... More

A Novel Statistical Diagnosis of Clinical DataSep 02 2002In this paper, we present a diagnosis method of diseases from clinical data. The data are routine test such as urine test, hematology, chemistries etc. Though those tests have been done for people who check in medical institutes, how each item of the ... More

Effect of disorder correlation on Anderson localization of two-dimensional massless pseudospin-1 Dirac particles in a random one-dimensional scalar potentialJul 16 2019We study theoretically Anderson localization of two-dimensional massless pseudospin-1 Dirac particles in a random one-dimensional scalar potential. We focus explicitly on the effect of disorder correlations, considering a short-range correlated dichotomous ... More

An lp-boundedness of stochastic singular integral operators and its application to spdesAug 31 2016In this article we introduce a stochastic counterpart of the H\"ormander condtion on the kernel $K(r,t,x,y)$: there exists a pseudo-metric $\rho$ on $(0,\infty)\times R^d$ and a positive constant $C_0$ such that for $X=(t,x), Y=(s,y), Z=(r,z) \in (0,\infty) ... More

Geometrical Interpretation of Electromagnetism in 5-Dimensional ManifoldJul 12 2015Sep 21 2016In this paper Kaluza-Klein theory is revisited and its implications are elaborated. We show that electromagnetic 4-potential can be considered as a shearing-like deformation of a 5-dimensional (5D) manifold along the fifth (5th) axis. The charge-to-mass ... More

Spin filtering in a magnetic barrier structure: in-plane spin orientationMar 01 2014We investigate ballistic spin transport in a two dimensional electron gas system through magnetic barriers of various geometries using the transfer matrix method. While most of the previous studies have focused on the effect of magnetic barriers perpendicular ... More

On variation of gradients of deep neural networksDec 02 2018We provide a theoretical explanation of the role of the number of nodes at each layer in deep neural networks. We prove that the largest variation of a deep neural network with ReLU activation function arises when the layer with the fewest nodes changes ... More

Jordan Plane and Numerical Range of Operators Involving Two ProjectionsNov 26 2018We use principal angles between two subspaces to define Jordan planes. Jordan planes provide an optimal way to decompose $\mathbb{C}^n$ in relation to given two subspaces. We apply Jordan planes to show that two pairs of of subspaces $(M,N)$ and $(M^{\perp},N^{\perp})$ ... More

Projective Normality Of Algebraic Curves And Its Application To SurfacesJan 09 2006Let $L$ be a very ample line bundle on a smooth curve $C$ of genus $g$ with $\frac{3g+3}{2}<\deg L\le 2g-5$. Then $L$ is normally generated if $\deg L>\max\{2g+2-4h^1(C,L), 2g-\frac{g-1}{6}-2h^1(C,L)\}$. Let $C$ be a triple covering of genus $p$ curve ... More

On deformation spaces of nonuniform hyperbolic latticesOct 04 2013Let $\Gamma$ be a nonuniform lattice acting on real hyperbolic n-space. We show that in dimension greater than or equal to 4, the volume of a representation is constant on each connected component of the representation variety of $\Gamma$ in SO(n,1). ... More

Sequential Learning of Visual Tracking and Mapping Using Unsupervised Deep Neural NetworksFeb 26 2019We proposed an end-to-end deep learning-based simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) system following conventional visual odometry (VO) pipelines. The proposed method completes the SLAM framework by including tracking, mapping, and sequential optimization ... More

Invariant imbedding theory of wave propagation in arbitrarily inhomogeneous stratified bi-isotropic mediaApr 02 2016Bi-isotropic media, which include isotropic chiral media and Tellegen media as special cases, are the most general form of linear isotropic media where the electric displacement and the magnetic induction are related to both the electric field and the ... More

Comments on the symmetry of AdS$_6$ solutions in String/M-theory and Killing spinor equationsApr 27 2016Aug 22 2016It was recently pointed out in \cite{Kim:2015hya} that AdS$_6$ solutions in IIB theory enjoy an extended symmetry structure and the consistent truncation to $D=4$ internal space leads to a nonlinear sigma model with target $SL(3,\mathbb{R})/SO(2,1)$. ... More

Simplicial volume of Q-rank one locally symmetric manifolds covered by the product of R-rank one symmetric spacesApr 24 2011Jan 10 2012In this paper, we show that the simplicial volume of Q-rank one locally symmetric spaces covered by the product of R-rank one symmetric spaces is strictly positive.

Giant enhancement of reflectance due to the interplay between surface confined wave modes and nonlinear gain in dielectric mediaDec 04 2017We study theoretically the interplay between the surface confined wave modes and the linear and nonlinear gain of the dielectric layer in the Otto configuration. The surface confined wave modes such as surface plasmons or waveguide modes are excited in ... More

Primitive stable representations in higher rank semisimple Lie groupsApr 30 2015Jan 10 2019We study primitive stable representations of free groups into higher rank semisimple Lie groups and their properties. Let $\Sigma$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface (possibly with boundary) of negative Euler characteristic. We first verify the ... More

Unavoidable Subtournaments in Tournaments with Large Chromatic NumberApr 13 2018For a set H of tournaments, we say H is heroic if every tournament, not containing any member of H as a subtournament, has bounded chromatic number. Berger et al. explicitly characterized all heroic sets containing one tournament. Motivated by this result, ... More

Moduli Spaces of Standard Holomorphic Bundles on a Noncommutative Complex TorusDec 11 2003In this paper we study the moduli space of standard holomorphic structures on a noncommutative complex two torus. It will be shown that the moduli space is naturally identified with the moduli space of stable bundles on an elliptic curve. We also propose ... More

Learning Not to Learn: Training Deep Neural Networks with Biased DataDec 26 2018Apr 15 2019We propose a novel regularization algorithm to train deep neural networks, in which data at training time is severely biased. Since a neural network efficiently learns data distribution, a network is likely to learn the bias information to categorize ... More

Neural Network-Hardware Co-design for Scalable RRAM-based BNN AcceleratorsNov 06 2018Apr 15 2019Recently, RRAM-based Binary Neural Network (BNN) hardware has been gaining interests as it requires 1-bit sense-amp only and eliminates the need for high-resolution ADC and DAC. However, RRAM-based BNN hardware still requires high-resolution ADC for partial ... More

Abstractive Summarization of Reddit Posts with Multi-level Memory NetworksNov 02 2018Apr 09 2019We address the problem of abstractive summarization in two directions: proposing a novel dataset and a new model. First, we collect Reddit TIFU dataset, consisting of 120K posts from the online discussion forum Reddit. We use such informal crowd-generated ... More

Parabolic Littlewood-Paley inequality for $φ(-Δ)$-type operators and applications to Stochastic integro-differential equationsFeb 20 2013In this paper we prove a parabolic version of the Littlewood-Paley inequality for the operators of the type $\phi(-\Delta)$, where $\phi$ is a Bernstein function. As an application, we construct an $L_p$-theory for the stochastic integro-differential ... More

Black holes with baryonic charge and $\mathcal{I}$-extremizationApr 10 2019We study $\mathcal{I}$-extremization of three-dimensional gauge field theories and its geometric dual, focusing in particular on a seven-dimensional Sasaki-Einstein manifold $M^{1,1,1}$. We generalize recent studies on relations among toric geometry, ... More

Anderson localization and Brewster anomaly of electromagnetic waves in randomly-stratified anisotropic mediaOct 27 2017May 16 2019Anderson localization of $p$-polarized waves and the Brewster anomaly phenomenon, which is the delocalization of $p$-polarized waves at a special incident angle, in randomly-stratified anisotropic media are studied theoretically for two different random ... More

$J^+$-like invariants of periodic orbits of the second kind in the restricted three body problemAug 28 2017Sep 05 2018We determine three invariants: Arnold's $J^+$-invariant as well as $\mathcal{J}_1$ and $\mathcal{J}_2$ invariants, which were introduced by Cieliebak-Frauenfelder-van Koert, of periodic orbits of the second kind near the heavier primary in the restricted ... More

A characterization of quaternionic Kleinian groups in dimension 2 with complex trace fieldsDec 26 2016Let $G$ be a non-elementary discrete subgroup of $\mathrm{Sp}(2,1)$. We show that if the sum of diagonal entries of each element of $G$ is a complex number, then $G$ is conjugate to a subgroup of $\mathrm{U}(2,1)$.

Geometrical Interpretation of Electromagnetism in a 5-Dimensional ManifoldJul 12 2015Aug 13 2017In this paper, Kaluza-Klein theory is revisited and its implications are elaborated. We show that electromagnetic 4-potential can be considered as a shearing-like deformation of a 5-dimensional (5D) manifold along the fifth (5th) axis. The charge-to-mass ... More

Volume invariant and maximal representations of discrete subgroups of Lie groupsMay 22 2012Sep 21 2012Let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in a connected semisimple Lie group $G$ with trivial center and no compact factors. We introduce a volume invariant for representations of $\Gamma$ into $G$, which generalizes the volume invariant for representations of uniform ... More

Mirror duality and noncommutative toriOct 06 2007In this paper, we study a mirror duality on a generalized complex torus and a noncommutative complex torus. First, we derive a symplectic version of Riemann condition using mirror duality on ordinary complex tori. Based on this we will find a mirror correspondence ... More

Application of Support Vector Machine to detect an association between a disease or trait and multiple SNP variationsApr 17 2001May 22 2001After the completion of human genome sequence was anounced, it is evident that interpretation of DNA sequences is an immediate task to work on. For understanding their signals, improvement of present sequence analysis tools and developing new ones become ... More

Direct calculation of the strong Goos-Hänchen effect of a Gaussian light beam due to the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in the Otto configurationJan 12 2019We study theoretically the influence of the surface plasmon excitation on the Goos-H\"{a}nchen lateral shift of a $p$-polarized Gaussian beam incident obliquely on a dielectric-metal bilayer in the Otto configuration. We find that the lateral shift depends ... More

An lp-boundedness of stochastic singular integral operators and its application to spdesAug 31 2016Jun 08 2017In this article we introduce a stochastic counterpart of the H\"ormander condtion on the kernel $K(r,t,x,y)$: there exists a pseudo-metric $\rho$ on $(0,\infty)\times R^d$ and a positive constant $C_0$ such that for $X=(t,x), Y=(s,y), Z=(r,z) \in (0,\infty) ... More

Surplus Solid Angle as an Imprint of Horava-Lifshitz GravityJul 17 2009Dec 08 2009We consider the electrostatic field of a point charge coupled to Horava-Lifshitz gravity and find an exact solution describing the space with a surplus (or deficit) solid angle. Although, theoretically in general relativity, a surplus angle is hardly ... More

On the q-Euler numbers related to modified q-Bernstein polynomialsJul 20 2010In this paper we investigate some interesting formulae of q-Euler numbers and polynomials related to the modified q-Bernstein polynomials.

On the largest integer that is not a sum of distinct nth powers of positive integersOct 07 2016Oct 12 2016It is known that for an arbitrary positive integer n the sequence S(x^n)=(1^n, 2^n, ...) is complete, meaning that every sufficiently large integer is a sum of distinct nth powers of positive integers. We prove that the upper bound of an integer that ... More

Quantum cohomology of flag manifolds G/B and quantum Toda latticesJul 02 1996Jan 01 1999We prove the Givental conjecture that the (equivariant) quantum cohomology of flag manifolds G/B are governed by the conservation law of Toda lattices. In addition, we find the quantum differential module structure of the flag manifolds.

A critical look at V_us determinations from hadronic tau decay dataNov 29 2010Jan 07 2011A critical review of hadronic tau decay data based determinations of |V_{us}| is given, focussing on the impact of the slow convergence of the integrated D=2 OPE series for the conventional flavor-breaking sum rule determination and the potential role ... More

A-type Supergiant Abundances in the SMC: Probes of EvolutionJan 21 1999New abundances of N, O, Na, Mg, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr, Fe, Sr, Zr, and Ba are presented for 10 A-type supergiants in the SMC, plus upper limits for C. In interpreting the CNO results for constraints on stellar evolution theories, careful attention has been ... More

Solitons of the Self-dual Chern-Simons Theory on a CylinderMay 30 2001We study the self-dual Chern-Simons Higgs theory on an asymptotically flat cylinder. A topological multivortex solution is constructed and the fast decaying property of solutions is proved

Ulrich bundles on blowupsJul 11 2016We construct an Ulrich bundle on the blowup at a point when the original variety is embedded by a sufficiently positive linear system and carries an Ulrich bundle. In particular, we describe the relation between special Ulrich bundles on the blown-up ... More

Langlands-Shahidi $L$-functions for $GSpin$ groups and the generic Arthur packet conjectureJul 26 2015Dec 09 2015We prove that $L$-functions from Langlands-Shahidi method in the case of $GSpin$ groups over a non-Archimedean local field of characteristic zero are Artin $L$-functions through the local Langlands correspondence. It has an application on the proof of ... More

Distributed agent-based automated theorem proving in order-sorted first-order logicSep 08 2016This paper presents a distributed agent-based automated theorem proving framework based on order-sorted first-order logic. Each agent in our framework has its own knowledge base, communicating to its neighboring agent(s) using message-passing algorithms. ... More

On the recurrence formula of the Euler zeta functionsDec 23 2015In this paper, we find a new recurrence formula fo the Euler zeta functions.

A Nonconvex Unconstrained Method for Eigenvalue Problems and A Nonsingular System for Eigenvector EstimationNov 28 2016We propose a nonconvex unconstrained minimization problem for eigenvalue problems. In this framework, given a symmetric matrix $A$, it turns out that any nonzero critical point is an eigenvector of $A$ and any local minimizer is a global minimizer, an ... More

Seesaw Scale and CP Phases in a Minimal Model of LeptogenesisNov 14 2016The seesaw mechanism to derive the light masses of left-handed neutrinos using heavy masses of right-handed neutrinos gives rise to a connection between low-energy measurables and GUT-scale mechanism. We expresses the neutrino mixing angles in terms of ... More

The Particle- and Astro-Physics of Dark MatterNov 09 1994We review some recent determinations of the amount of dark matter on galactic, cluster, and large scales, noting some puzzles and their possible resolutions. We discuss the interpretation of big bang nucleosynthesis for dark matter, and then review the ... More

On a quadratic Waring's problem with congruence conditionsJan 16 2019Jan 17 2019We say a quadratic polynomial is represented by a sum of $r$ odd squares if it is represented by $\Delta_r(y_1,...,y_r)=\sum_{i=1}^r (y_i+\frac{1}{2})^2$. For each positive integer $n$, let $g_\Delta(n)$ be the smallest positive integer $g$ such that ... More

Origin of Hawking Radiation: Firewall or Atmosphere?Apr 02 2016Apr 14 2016The Unruh vacuum not admitting any outgoing flux at the horizon implies that the origin of the outgoing Hawking radiation would be the atmosphere of a near-horizon quantum region without resort to the firewall; however, the existence of the firewall of ... More

Character design for soccer commmentaryJul 31 1998In this paper we present early work on an animated talking head commentary system called {\bf Byrne}\footnote{David Byrne is the lead singer of the Talking Heads.}. The goal of this project is to develop a system which can take the output from the RoboCup ... More

Group-theoretical vector space modelSep 20 2015This paper presents a group-theoretical vector space model (VSM) that extends the VSM with a group action on a vector space of the VSM. We use group and its representation theory to represent a dynamic transformation of information objects, in which each ... More

Origin of Hawking Radiation: Firewall or Atmosphere?Apr 02 2016Jan 16 2017The Unruh vacuum not admitting any outgoing flux at the horizon implies that the origin of the outgoing Hawking radiation is the atmosphere of a near-horizon quantum region without resort to the firewall; however, the existence of the firewall of superplanckian ... More

The Causal Effect of Answer Changing on Multiple-Choice ItemsAug 31 2018Mar 12 2019Whether examinees' answer changing behavior on multiple-choice exams is beneficial or harmful is a long-standing puzzle in the educational and psychological measurement literature. This article unravels the problem by formalizing it using the potential ... More

Fast AutoAugmentMay 01 2019Data augmentation is an indispensable technique to improve generalization and also to deal with imbalanced datasets. Recently, AutoAugment has been proposed to automatically search augmentation policies from a dataset and has significantly improved performances ... More

Separated Rows structure of vortex streets behind triangular objectsJun 30 2018Aug 09 2018We discuss two distinct spatial structures of vortex streets. The `conventional mushroom' structure is commonly discuss in many experimental studies, but the exotic `separated rows' structure is characterized by a thin irrotational fluid between two rows ... More

An $L_p$-Lipschitz theory for parabolic equations with time measurable pseudo-differential operatorsJul 15 2017In this article we prove the existence and uniqueness of a (weak) solution $u$ in $L_p\left((0,T) , \Lambda_{\gamma+m}\right)$ to the Cauchy problem \begin{align} \notag &\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}(t,x)=\psi(t,i\nabla)u(t,x)+f(t,x),\quad (t,x) \in ... More

Deformation space of a non-uniform 3-dimensional real hyperbolic lattice in quaternionic hyperbolic planeFeb 29 2012In this note, we study deformations of a non-uniform real hyperbolic lattice in quaternionic hyperbolic spaces. Specially we show that the representations of the fundamental group of the figure eight knot complement into PU(2,1) cannot be deformed in ... More

Galois deformation theory for norm fields and flat deformation ringsMay 18 2010Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$, and choose a uniformizer $\pi\in K$, and put $K_\infty:=K(\sqrt[p^\infty]{\pi})$. We introduce a new technique using restriction to $\Gal(\ol K/K_\infty)$ to study flat deformation rings. We show the existence ... More

Handlebody-preserving finite group actions on Haken manifolds with Heegaard genus two - IIFeb 07 2009May 25 2009Let $M$ be a closed orientable 3-manifold with a genus two Heegaard splitting $(V_1, V_2; F)$ and a non-trivial JSJ-decomposition, where all components of the intersection of the JSJ-tori and $V_i$ are not $\partial$-parallel in $V_i$ for $i=1,2$. If ... More

Comments on $AdS_2$ solutions from M2-branes on complex curves and the backreacted Kähler geometryNov 28 2013Jan 31 2014We consider $AdS_2$ solutions of M-theory which are obtained by twisted compactifications of M2-branes on a complex curve. They are of a generalized class, in the sense that the non-abelian part of the connection for the holomorphic bundle over the supersymmetric ... More

On a quadratic Waring's problem with congruence conditionsJan 16 2019Feb 12 2019For each positive integer $n$, let $g_\Delta(n)$ be the smallest positive integer $g$ such that every complete quadratic polynomial in $n$ variables which can be represented by a sum of odd squares is represented by a sum of at most $g$ odd squares. In ... More

A combinatorial formula for the Ehrhart $h^{*}$-vector of the hypersimplexOct 04 2018We give a combinatorial formula for the Ehrhart $h^*$-vector of the hypersimplex. In particular, we show that $h^{*}_{d}(\Delta_{k,n})$ is the number of hypersimplicial decorated ordered set partitions of type $(k,n)$ with winding number $d$, thereby ... More

The Effect of In vivo-like Synaptic Inputs on Stellate CellsMay 03 2018Previous experimental work has shown high-frequency Poisson-distributed trains of combined excitatory and inhibitory conductance- and current-based synaptic inputs reduce amplitude of subthreshold oscillations of SCs. In this paper, we investigate the ... More

Welfare Maximization with Deferred Acceptance Auctions in Reallocation ProblemsJul 06 2015Sep 20 2015We design approximate weakly group strategy-proof mechanisms for resource reallocation problems using Milgrom and Segal's deferred acceptance auction framework: the radio spectrum and network bandwidth reallocation problems in the procurement auction ... More

Geometric and topological aspects of Type IIB D-branesDec 02 2009In string theory D-branes can be classified by the RR-charge they carry. In the simplest case the quantized RR-charge takes values in K-theory of the spacetime manifold. However, if the D-brane worldvolume is not spin^c or if there is a background B-field ... More

p-adic L-functions and Selmer varieties associated to elliptic curves with complex multiplicationOct 28 2007We show how non-vanishing of p-adic L functions controls the dimensions of Selmer varieties associated to the complement of the origin in an elliptic curve with CM. As a corollary, one obtains a \pi_1-proof of the theorem of Siegel for such curves.

Normal all pseudo-Anosov subgroups of mapping class groupsJun 20 1999Oct 14 2000We construct the first known examples of nontrivial, normal, all pseudo-Anosov subgroups of mapping class groups of surfaces. Specifically, we construct such subgroups for the closed genus two surface and for the sphere with five or more punctures. Using ... More

Link diagrams with low Turaev genusJul 10 2015Nov 30 2015We classify link diagrams with Turaev genus one and two in terms of an alternating tangle structure of the link diagram. The proof involves surgery along simple closed curves on the Turaev surface, called cutting loops, which have corresponding cutting ... More

Deformations of conically singular Cayley submanifoldsOct 25 2017In this article we study the deformation theory of conically singular Cayley submanifolds. In particular, we prove a result on the expected dimension of a moduli space of Cayley deformations of a conically singular Cayley submanifold. Moreover, when the ... More

Cayley deformations of compact complex surfacesOct 24 2017In this article, we consider Cayley deformations of a compact complex surface in a Calabi--Yau four-fold. We will study complex deformations of compact complex submanifolds of Calabi--Yau manifolds with a view to explaining why complex and Cayley deformations ... More

The average number of divisors of the Euler functionMay 16 2016Feb 22 2017The upper bound and the lower bound of average numbers of divisors of Euler Phi function and Carmichael Lambda function are obtained by Luca and Pomerance (see \cite{LP}). We improve the lower bound and provide a heuristic argument which suggests that ... More

The group $G_{n}^{2}$ with a parity and with pointsApr 30 2016In~\cite{Ma} Manturov studied groups $G_{n}^{k}$ for fixed integers $n$ and $k$ such that $k<n$. In particular, $G_{n}^{2}$ is isomorphic to the group of free braids of $n$-stands. In~\cite{KiMa} Manturov and the author studied an invariant valued in ... More

Rigidity of noncompact complete manifolds with harmonic curvatureNov 13 2009Nov 25 2009Let $(M,g)$ be a noncompact complete $n$-manifold with harmonic curvature and positive Sobolev constant. Assume that $L_2$ norms of Weyl curvature and traceless Ricci curvature are finite. We prove that $(M,g)$ is Einstein if $n \ge 5$ and $L_{n/2}$ norms ... More

An alternating labeling on a spanning tree of Seifert graphs and applications in knot theoryAug 06 2011Feb 07 2014The existence of basket, flat plumbing and flat plumbing basket surfaces of a link was first proven from a braid representative of the link. In the present article, we show the existence of such surfaces from an induced graph of the link. Consequently, ... More

Normal generation of line bundles on multiple coveringsSep 13 2008Any line bundle $\cl $ on a smooth curve $C$ of genus $g$ with $\deg \cl \ge 2g+1$ is normally generated, i.e., $\varphi_\cl (C)\subseteq \mathbb P H^0 (C,\cl)$ is projectively normal. However, it has known that more various line bundles of degree $d$ ... More

Langlands-Shahidi $L$-functions for $GSpin$ groups and the generic Arthur packet conjectureJul 26 2015Dec 26 2017We prove that $L$-functions from Langlands-Shahidi method in the case of $GSpin$ groups over a non-Archimedean local field of characteristic zero are Artin $L$-functions through the local Langlands correspondence. It has an application on the proof of ... More

A splitting theorem for holomorphic Banach bundlesMay 14 2008This paper is motivated by Grothendieck's splitting theorem. In the 1960s, Gohberg generalized this to a class of Banach bundles. We consider a compact complex manifold $X$ and a holomorphic Banach bundle $E \to X$ that is a compact perturbation of a ... More

Optimal condition of boundary flex control for the systems governed by Boussinesq equation with the press boundary condition and mixed boundary conditionJul 13 2012In this paper, the boundary flex control problem of non stationary equation governing the coupled mass and heat flow of a viscous incompressible fluid in a generalized Boussinesq approximation by assuming that viscosity and heat conductivity are dependent ... More

Deep Neural Network Optimized to Resistive Memory with Nonlinear Current-Voltage CharacteristicsMar 30 2017Artificial Neural Network computation relies on intensive vector-matrix multiplications. Recently, the emerging nonvolatile memory (NVM) crossbar array showed a feasibility of implementing such operations with high energy efficiency, thus there are many ... More

On a p-adic interpolation function for the q-extension of the generalized Bernoulli polynomials and Its derivativeFeb 22 2005We construct the q-extension of the Hurwitz's type L-function which interpolates the q-extension of generalized Bernoulli polynomials attached to $chi$.

A note on decay rates of solutions to a system of cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equations in one space dimensionAug 27 2014We consider the initial value problem for a system of cubic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations with different masses in one space dimension. Under a suitable structural condition on the nonlinearity, we will show that the small amplitude solution exists ... More