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Evidence of s-channel Single Top Quark Production in Events with one Charged Lepton and Bottom Quark Jets at CDFOct 08 2013We report an evidence of \textit{s}-channel single top quark production in $p\bar{p}$ collision at $\sqrt{s}= 1.96 \mathrm{TeV}$ using data with integrated luminosity of $9.4 \mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). We select ... More

Fingerprint of Galactic Loop I on polarized microwave foregroundsJun 18 2018Sep 28 2018Context: Currently, detection of the primordial gravitational waves by the B-mode of Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is primarily limited by our knowledge of the polarized microwave foreground emissions. Thus improvements of the foreground analysis ... More

Fast Local Voltage Control under Limited Reactive Power: Optimality and Stability AnalysisOct 23 2015High penetration of distributed energy resources presents several challenges and opportunities for voltage regulation in power distribution systems. A local reactive power (VAR) control framework will be developed that can fast respond to voltage mismatch ... More

Heat kernel coefficients on Kahler manifoldsNov 21 2013Dec 19 2016Polterovich proved a remarkable closed formula for heat kernel coefficients of the Laplace operator on compact Riemannian manifolds involving powers of Laplacians acting on the distance function. In the case of K\"ahler manifolds, we prove a combinatorial ... More

A remark on Mirzakhani's asymptotic formulaeMar 26 2011Aug 29 2011In this note, we answer a question of Mirzakhani on asymptotic behavior of the one-point volume polynomial of moduli spaces of curves. We also present some applications of Mirzakhani's asymptotic formulae of Weil-Petersson volumes.

Mirzakharni's recursion formula is equivalent to the Witten-Kontsevich theoremMay 15 2007May 22 2009In this paper, we give a proof of Mirzakhani's recursion formula of Weil-Petersson volumes of moduli spaces of curves using the Witten-Kontsevich theorem. We also describe properties of intersections numbers involving higher degree $\kappa$ classes.

An Energetic Variational Approach for the Cahn--Hilliard Equation with Dynamic Boundary Condition: Model Derivation and Mathematical AnalysisOct 23 2017Jan 23 2019The Cahn--Hilliard equation is a fundamental model that describes phase separation processes of binary mixtures. In recent years, several types of dynamic boundary conditions have been proposed in order to account for possible short-range interactions ... More

Descendent integrals and tautological rings of moduli spaces of curvesDec 03 2009Apr 11 2010The main objective of this paper is to give a summary of our recent work on recursion formulae for intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves and their applications. We also present a conjectural relation between tautological rings and the mock theta ... More

Novel mobility edges in the off-diagonal disordered tight-binding modelsApr 03 2018We study the one-dimensional tight-binding models which include a slowly varying, incommensurate off-diagonal modulation on the hopping amplitude. Interestingly, we find that the mobility edges can appear only when this off-diagonal (hopping) disorder ... More

Quantum fluctuations, conformal deformations, and Gromov's topology --- Wheeler, DeWitt, and Wilson meeting GromovSep 13 2015Oct 07 2015The moduli space of isometry classes of Riemannian structures on a smooth manifold was emphasized by J.A.Wheeler in his superspace formalism of quantum gravity. A natural question concerning it is: What is a natural topology on such moduli space that ... More

The Complete Weight Enumerator of A Class of Linear CodesMay 25 2015May 26 2015Linear codes can be employed to construct authentication codes, which is an interesting area of cryptography. The parameters of the authentication codes depend on the complete weight enumerator of the underlying linear codes. In order to obtain an authentication ... More

Neck analysis for biharmonic mapsDec 17 2013In this paper, we study the blow up of a sequence of (both extrinsic and intrinsic) biharmonic maps in dimension four with bounded energy and show that there is no neck in this process. Moreover, we apply the method to provide new proofs to the removable ... More

Computing top intersections in the tautological ring of $M_g$Jan 25 2010We derive effective recursion formulae of top intersections in the tautological ring $R^*(M_g)$ of the moduli space of curves of genus $g\geq 2$. As an application, we prove a convolution-type tautological relation in $R^{g-2}(M_g)$.

Dynamical quantum phase transitions on cross-stitch flat band networksJan 02 2019Jan 06 2019We study the quench dynamics on cross-stitch flat band networks by a sudden change of the inter-cell hopping strength $J$. For quench processes with $J$ changing as $J=0\rightarrow J\neq0$, we give the analytical expression to the Loschmidt echo which ... More

A proof of the Faber intersection number conjectureMar 14 2008Dec 03 2009We prove the famous Faber intersection number conjecture and other more general results by using a recursion formula of $n$-point functions for intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves. We also present some vanishing properties of Gromov-Witten ... More

An effective recursion formula for computing intersection numbersOct 29 2007We prove a new effective recursion formula for computing all intersection indices (integrals of $\psi$ classes) on the moduli space of curves, inducting only on the genus.

Infinite families of 2-designs from GA_1(q) actionsJul 07 2017Group action is a standard approach to obtain $t$-designs. In this approach, selecting a specific permutation group with a certain degree of transitivity or homogeneity and a proper set of base blocks is important for obtaining $t$-$(v, k, \lambda)$ designs ... More

On the finite time blow-up of biharmonic map flow in dimension fourJan 24 2014In this paper, we show that for certain initial values, the (extrinsic) biharmonic map flow in dimension four must blow up in finite time.

New results of intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curvesMay 24 2007We present a series of new results we obtained recently about the intersection numbers of tautological classes on moduli spaces of curves, including a simple formula of the n-point functions for Witten's $\tau$ classes, an effective recursion formula ... More

Recursion formulae of higher Weil-Petersson volumesAug 03 2007May 22 2009In this paper we study effective recursion formulae for computing intersection numbers of mixed $\psi$ and $\kappa$ classes on moduli spaces of curves. By using the celebrated Witten-Kontsevich theorem, we generalize Mulase-Safnuk form of Mirzakhani's ... More

Dynamical quantum phase transitions on cross-stitch flat band networksJan 02 2019Mar 30 2019We study the quench dynamics on cross-stitch flat band networks by a sudden change of the inter-cell hopping strength $J$. For quench processes with $J$ changing as $J=0\rightarrow J\neq0$, we give the analytical expression to the Loschmidt echo which ... More

Optimal liquidation in a Level-I limit order book for large tick stocksJan 05 2017Nov 14 2017We propose a framework to study the optimal liquidation strategy in a limit order book for large-tick stocks, with spread equal to one tick. All order book events (market orders, limit orders and cancellations) occur according to independent Poisson processes, ... More

Cosmological Models and Gamma-Ray Bursts Calibrated by Using Pade MethodOct 15 2014Nov 08 2015Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are among the most powerful sources in the universe. In the recent years, GRBs have been proposed as a complementary probe to type Ia supernovae (SNIa). However, as is well known, there is a circularity problem in the use of GRBs ... More

Decentralized Dynamic Optimization for Power Network Voltage ControlJul 23 2016Voltage control in power distribution networks has been greatly challenged by the increasing penetration of volatile and intermittent devices. These devices can also provide limited reactive power resources that can be used to regulate the network-wide ... More

Hybrid Voltage Control in Distribution Networks Under Limited Communication RatesJul 22 2017Voltage regulation in distribution networks is challenged by increasing penetration of distributed energy resources (DERs). Thanks to advancement in power electronics, these DERs can be leveraged to regulate the grid voltage by quickly changing the reactive ... More

Incompressible Limit of a Compressible Liquid Crystals SystemJan 28 2012May 29 2013This article is devoted to the study of the so-called incompressible limit for solutions of the compressible liquid crystals system. We consider the problem in the whole space $\mathbb{R}^{\mathbb{N}}$ and a bounded domain of $\mathbb{R}^{\mathbb{N}}$ ... More

Variational Inference with Tail-adaptive f-DivergenceOct 29 2018Jan 12 2019Variational inference with {\alpha}-divergences has been widely used in modern probabilistic machine learning. Compared to Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence, a major advantage of using {\alpha}-divergences (with positive {\alpha} values) is their mass-covering ... More

Existence of strong solutions for the compressible Ericksen-Leslie modelJun 30 2011In this paper, we prove the existence and uniqueness of local strong solutions of the hydrodynamics of nematic liquid crystals system under the initial data satisfying a natural compatibility condition. Also the global strong solutions of the system with ... More

Newly observed $B(5970)$ and the predictions of its spin and strange partnersFeb 03 2014Apr 30 2014Using the effective Lagrangian approach, we study the decay behavior of the newly observed $B(5970)$ meson, which is assigned as the $2^3S_1$ state in the $B$ meson family. What is more important is that we predict the information of the partial and total ... More

Understanding $B^-\rightarrow X(3823)K^-$ via rescattering mechanism and predicting $B^-\to η_{c2} (^1D_2)/ψ_3(^3D_3)K^-$May 16 2016Jul 20 2016We study the observed $B^-\rightarrow X(3823)K^-$ decay via rescattering mechanism and show that this branching ratio is well reproduced by this mechanism. We further extend this theoretical framework to investigate the decays of $B^-\to\eta_{c2} (^1D_2)/\psi_3(^3D_3)K^-$, ... More

$N=1$ fermionic D3-branes in RNS formulation I. $C^\infty$-Algebrogeometric foundations of $d=4$, $N=1$ supersymmetry, SUSY-rep compatible hybrid connections, and $\widehat{D}$-chiral maps from a $d=4$ $N=1$ Azumaya/matrix superspaceAug 15 2018As the necessary background to construct from the aspect of Grothendieck's Algebraic Geometry dynamical fermionic D3-branes along the line of Ramond-Neveu-Schwarz superstrings in string theory, three pieces of the building blocks are given in the current ... More

D-branes and Azumaya/matrix noncommutative differential geometry, I: D-branes as fundamental objects in string theory and differentiable maps from Azumaya/matrix manifolds with a fundamental module to real manifoldsJun 04 2014We consider D-branes in string theory and address the issue of how to describe them mathematically as a fundamental object (as opposed to a solitonic object) of string theory in the realm in differential and symplectic geometry. The notion of continuous ... More

Further studies of the notion of differentiable maps from Azumaya/matrix supermanifolds I. The smooth case: Ramond-Neveu-Schwarz and Green-Schwarz meeting GrothendieckSep 26 2017In this sequel to works D(11.1) (arXiv:1406.0929 [math.DG]), D(11.2) (arXiv:1412.0771 [hep-th]), and D(11.3.1) (arXiv:1508.02347 [math.DG]), we re-examine --- and reformulate when in need --- several basic notions in super $C^{\infty}$-algebraic geometry ... More

D-branes and synthetic/$C^{\infty}$-algebraic symplectic/calibrated geometry, I: Lemma on a finite algebraicness property of smooth maps from Azumaya/matrix manifoldsApr 08 2015We lay down an elementary yet fundamental lemma concerning a finite algebraicness property of a smooth map from an Azumaya/matrix manifold with a fundamental module to a smooth manifold. This gives us a starting point to build a synthetic (synonymously, ... More

Extended phase space thermodynamics for third order Lovelock black holes in diverse dimensionsMay 16 2014May 22 2014Treating the cosmological constant as thermodynamic pressure and its conjugate as thermodynamic volume, we investigate the critical behavior of the third order Lovelock black holes in diverse dimensions. For black hole horizons with different normalized ... More

Upstanding Rashba spin in honeycomb lattices: Electrically reversible surface spin polarizationJul 14 2009Dec 13 2009The spin-split states subject to Rashba spin-orbit coupling in two-dimensional systems have long been accepted as pointing inplane and perpendicular to the corresponding wave vectors. This is in general true for free electron model, but exceptions do ... More

Spin precession in inversion-asymmetric two-dimensional systemsApr 18 2006We present a theoretical method to calculate the expectation value of spin in an inversion-asymmetric two-dimensional (2D) system with respect to an arbitrarily spin-polarized electron state, injected via an ideal point contact. The 2D system is confined ... More

A mathematical theory of D-string world-sheet instantons, II: Moduli stack of $Z$-(semi)stable morphisms from Azumaya nodal curves with a fundamental module to a projective Calabi-Yau 3-foldOct 19 2013In this Part II, D(10.2), of D(10), we take D(10.1) (arXiv:1302.2054 [math.AG]) as the foundation to define the notion of $Z$-semistable morphisms from general Azumaya nodal curves, of genus $\ge 2$, with a fundamental module to a projective Calabi-Yau ... More

A mathematical theory of D-string world-sheet instantons, I: Compactness of the stack of $Z$-semistable Fourier-Mukai transforms from a compact family of nodal curves to a projective Calabi-Yau 3-foldFeb 08 2013In a suitable regime of superstring theory, D-branes in a Calabi-Yau space and their most fundamental behaviors can be nicely described mathematically through morphisms from Azumaya spaces with a fundamental module to that Calabi-Yau space. In the earlier ... More

Immersed Lagrangian deformations of a branched covering of a special Lagrangian 3-sphere in a Calabi-Yau 3-fold and its deviation from Joyce's criteria: Potential image-support rigidity of A-branes that wrap around a sL $S^3$Sep 09 2011Using a hyperK\"{a}hler rotation on complex structures of a Calabi-Yau 2-fold and rolling of an isotropic 2-submanifold in a symplectic 6-manifold, we construct, by gluing, a natural family of immersed Lagrangian deformations of a branched covering of ... More

Resource Allocation with Subcarrier Pairing in OFDMA Two-Way Relay NetworksDec 30 2011This study considers an orthogonal frequency-division multiple-access (OFDMA)-based multi-user two-way relay network where multiple mobile stations (MSs) communicate with a common base station (BS) via multiple relay stations (RSs). We study the joint ... More

Thermodynamics and holographic entanglement entropy for spherical black holes in 5D Gauss-Bonnet gravityJun 21 2016Sep 13 2016The holographic entanglement entropy is studied numerically in (4+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole spacetime with compact boundary. On the bulk side the black hole spacetime undergoes a van der Waals-like phase transition ... More

Closed-form solution for the edge vortex of a revolving plateDec 21 2016Oct 11 2018Flapping and revolving wings can produce attached leading edge vortices (LEVs) when the angle of attack is large. In this work, a low order model is proposed for the edge vortices that develop on a revolving plate at 90 degrees angle of attack which is ... More

All binary linear codes that are invariant under $\PSL_2(n)$Apr 04 2017The projective special linear group $\PSL_2(n)$ is $2$-transitive for all primes $n$ and $3$-homogeneous for $n \equiv 3 \pmod{4}$ on the set $\{0,1, \cdots, n-1, \infty\}$. It is known that the extended odd-like quadratic residue codes are invariant ... More

Algorithm Portfolio for Individual-based Surrogate-Assisted Evolutionary AlgorithmsApr 22 2019Surrogate-assisted evolutionary algorithms (SAEAs) are powerful optimisation tools for computationally expensive problems (CEPs). However, a randomly selected algorithm may fail in solving unknown problems due to no free lunch theorems, and it will cause ... More

Time evolving fluid from Vaidya spacetimeApr 23 2017A time evolving fluid system is constructed on a timelike boundary hypersurface at finite cutoff in Vaidya spacetime. The approach used to construct the fluid equations is a direct extension of the ordinary Gravity/Fluid correspondence under the constrained ... More

Fluids and vortex from constrained fluctuations around C-metric black holeNov 26 2015Apr 06 2017By foliating the four-dimensional C-metric black hole spacetime, we consider a kind of initial-value-like formulation of the vacuum Einstein's equation, the holographic initial data is a double consisting of the induced metric and the Brown-York energy ... More

Extending Adversarial Attacks and Defenses to Deep 3D Point Cloud ClassifiersJan 10 2019Feb 16 20193D object classification and segmentation using deep neural networks has been extremely successful. As the problem of identifying 3D objects has many safety-critical applications, the neural networks have to be robust against adversarial changes to the ... More

Creating and Steering Highly Directional Electron Beams in GrapheneAug 05 2016Feb 08 2017We put forward a concept to create highly collimated, non-dispersive electron beams in pseudo-relativistic Dirac materials such as graphene or topological insulator surfaces. Combining negative refraction and Klein collimation at a parabolic pn junction, ... More

D0-brane realizations of the resolution of a reduced singular curveNov 21 2011Based on examples from superstring/D-brane theory since the work of Douglas and Moore on resolution of singularities of a superstring target-space $Y$ via a D-brane probe, the richness and the complexity of the stack of punctual D0-branes on a variety, ... More

A Family of Reversible BCH CodesAug 07 2016Cyclic codes are an interesting class of linear codes due to their efficient encoding and decoding algorithms as well as their theoretical importance. BCH codes form a subclass of cyclic codes and are very important in both theory and practice as they ... More

Design and Optimization of VoD schemes with Client Caching in Wireless Multicast NetworksAug 10 2017Due to the explosive growth in multimedia traffic, the scalability of video-on-demand (VoD) services becomes increasingly important. By exploiting the potential cache ability at the client side, the performance of VoD multicast delivery can be improved ... More

Implication the observed $ψ(3770)\to p\bar{p}π^0$ for studying the $p\bar{p}\to ψ(3770)π^0$ processMay 18 2015Mar 31 2016We study the charmonium $p \bar{p} \to \psi(3770) \pi^0$ reaction using effective lagrangian approach where the contributions from well established $N^*$ states are considered, and all parameters are fixed in the process of $e^+e^- \to p \bar{p}\pi^0$ ... More

Noise residuals for GW150914 using maximum likelihood and numerical relativity templatesMar 06 2019May 13 2019We reexamine the results presented in a recent work by Nielsen et al. [1], in which the properties of the noise residuals in the 40\,ms chirp domain of GW150914 were investigated. This paper confirmed the presence of strong (i.e., about 0.80) correlations ... More

E and B families of the Stokes parameters in the polarized synchrotron and thermal dust foregroundsApr 27 2018Nov 08 2018Better understanding of Galactic foregrounds is one of the main obstacles to detection of primordial gravitational waves through measurement of the B mode in the polarized microwave sky. We generalize the method proposed in \cite{2011PhRvD..83h3003B} ... More

Gauss-Bonnet coupling constant as a free thermodynamical variable and the associated criticalityNov 13 2013May 12 2014The thermodynamic phase space of Gauss-Bonnet (GB) AdS black holes is extended, taking the inverse of the GB coupling constant as a new thermodynamic pressure $P_{\mathrm{GB}}$. We studied the critical behavior associated with $P_{\mathrm{GB}}$ in the ... More

Datta-Das transistor: Significance of channel direction, size-dependence of source contacts, and boundary effectsJul 21 2005Apr 18 2006We analyze the spin expectation values for injected spin-polarized electrons (spin vectors) in a [001]-grown Rashba-Dresselhaus two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG). We generalize the calculation for point spin injection in semi-infinite 2DEGs to finite-size ... More

Highly sensitive optical sensor for precision measurement of electrical charges based on optomechanically induced difference-sideband generationAug 22 2017Difference-sideband generation in an optomechanical system coupled to a charged object is investigated beyond the conventional linearized description of optomechanical interactions. An exponential decay law for difference-sideband generation in the presence ... More

More on the admissible condition on differentiable maps $\varphi: (X^{\!A\!z},E;\nabla)\rightarrow Y$ in the construction of the non-Abelian Dirac-Born-Infeld action $S_{DBI}(\varphi,\nabla)$Nov 29 2016In D(13.1) (arXiv:1606.08529 [hep-th]), we introduced an admissible condition on differentiable maps $\varphi: (X^{\!A\!z}, E;\nabla)\rightarrow Y$ from an Azumaya/matrix manifold $X^{\!A\!z}$ (with the fundamental module $E$) with a connection $\nabla$ ... More

The Power of Online Learning in Stochastic Network OptimizationApr 06 2014Jul 29 2014In this paper, we investigate the power of online learning in stochastic network optimization with unknown system statistics {\it a priori}. We are interested in understanding how information and learning can be efficiently incorporated into system control ... More

Battery-Aware Relay Selection for Energy Harvesting Cooperative NetworksAug 19 2014The use of energy harvesting (EH) nodes as cooperative relays is an emerging solution for enabling green wireless systems. In this paper, we consider multiple EH relay nodes harvesting energy from the radio frequency (RF) signal received from the source ... More

Extracting Gromov-Witten invariants of a conifold from semi-stable reduction and relative GW invariants of pairsNov 02 2004Nov 28 2004The study of open/closed string duality and large $N$ duality suggests a Gromov-Witten theory for conifolds that sits on the border of both a closed Gromov-Witten theory and an open Gromov-Witten theory. In this work we employ the result of Jun Li on ... More

D-branes and Azumaya/matrix noncommutative differential geometry,II: Azumaya/matrix supermanifolds and differentiable maps therefrom -- with a view toward dynamical fermionic D-branes in string theoryDec 02 2014In this Part II of D(11), we introduce new objects: super-$C^k$-schemes and Azumaya super-$C^k$-manifolds with a fundamental module (or, synonymously, matrix super-$C^k$-manifolds with a fundamental module), and extend the study in D(11.1) ([L-Y3], arXiv:1406.0929 ... More

Azumaya-type noncommutative spaces and morphisms therefrom: Polchinski's D-branes in string theory from Grothendieck's viewpointSep 11 2007We explain how Polchinski's work on D-branes re-read from a noncommutative version of Grothendieck's equivalence of local geometries and function rings gives rise to an intrinsic prototype definition of D-branes (of B-type) as an Azumaya-type noncommutative ... More

Azumaya structure on D-branes and deformations and resolutions of a conifold revisited: Klebanov-Strassler-Witten vs. Polchinski-GrothendieckJul 02 2009In this sequel to [L-Y1], [L-L-S-Y], and [L-Y2] (respectively arXiv:0709.1515 [math.AG], arXiv:0809.2121 [math.AG], and arXiv:0901.0342 [math.AG]), we study a D-brane probe on a conifold from the viewpoint of the Azumaya structure on D-branes and toric ... More

The effect of the chiral chemical potential on the chiral phase transition in the NJL model with different regularization schemesNov 10 2015We study the chiral phase transition in the presence of the chiral chemical potential $\mu_5$ using the two-flavor Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. In particular, we analyze the reason why one can obtain two opposite behaviors of the chiral critical temperature ... More

Survival of charged rho condensation at high temperature and densityJul 21 2015The charged vector $\rho$ mesons in the presence of external magnetic fields at finite temperature $T$ and chemical potential $\mu$ have been investigated in the framework of the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. We compute the masses of charged $\rho$ mesons ... More

Physicists' $d=3+1$, $N=1$ superspace-time and supersymmetric QFTs from a tower construction in complexified ${\Bbb Z}/2$-graded $C^\infty$-Algebraic Geometry and a purge-evaluation/index-contracting mapFeb 17 2019The complexified ${\Bbb Z}/2$-graded $C^\infty$-Algebraic Geometry aspect of a superspace(-time) $\widehat{X}$ in Sec.\,1 of D(14.1) (arXiv:1808.05011 [math.DG]) together with the Spin-Statistics Theorem in Quantum Field Theory, which requires fermionic ... More

Cloud Server Benchmarks for Performance Evaluation of New Hardware ArchitectureMar 04 2016Adding new hardware features to a cloud computing server requires testing both the functionalities and the performance of the new hardware mechanisms. However, commonly used cloud computing server workloads are not well-represented by the SPEC integer ... More

Asymptotic Behavior for a Nematic Liquid Crystal Model with Different Kinematic Transport PropertiesJan 13 2009Oct 29 2010We study the asymptotic behavior of global solutions to hydrodynamical systems modeling the nematic liquid crystal flows under kinematic transports for molecules of different shapes. The coupling system consists of Navier-Stokes equations and kinematic ... More

Majorana Neutrino Masses from Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decays and Lepton-Number-Violating Meson DecaysJun 15 2016Jul 20 2016The Schechter-Valle theorem states that a positive observation of neutrinoless double-beta ($0\nu \beta \beta$) decays implies a finite Majorana mass term for neutrinos when any unlikely fine-tuning or cancellation is absent. In this note, we reexamine ... More

Formal pseudodifferential operators and Witten's r-spin numbersDec 20 2011We derive an effective recursion for Witten's r-spin intersection numbers, using Witten's conjecture relating r-spin numbers to the Gel'fand-Dikii hierarchy (Theorem 4.1). Consequences include closed-form descriptions of the intersection numbers (for ... More

Deep Scene Text Detection with Connected Component ProposalsAug 17 2017A growing demand for natural-scene text detection has been witnessed by the computer vision community since text information plays a significant role in scene understanding and image indexing. Deep neural networks are being used due to their strong capabilities ... More

Further studies on the notion of differentiable maps from Azumaya/matrix manifolds, I. The smooth caseAug 10 2015In this follow-up of our earlier two works D(11.1) (arXiv:1406.0929 [math.DG]) and D(11.2) (arXiv:1412.0771 [hep-th]) in the D-project, we study further the notion of a `differentiable map from an Azumaya/matrix manifold to a real manifold'. A conjecture ... More

D-branes and Azumaya noncommutative geometry: From Polchinski to GrothendieckMar 05 2010We review first Azumaya geometry and D-branes in the realm of algebraic geometry along the line of Polchinski-Grothendieck Ansatz from our earlier work and then use it as background to introduce Azumaya $C^{\infty}$-manifolds with a fundamental module ... More

Nontrivial Azumaya noncommutative schemes, morphisms therefrom, and their extension by the sheaf of algebras of differential operators: D-branes in a $B$-field background à la Polchinski-Grothendieck AnsatzSep 12 2009In this continuation of [L-Y1], [L-L-S-Y], [L-Y2], and [L-Y3] (arXiv:0709.1515 [math.AG], arXiv:0809.2121 [math.AG], arXiv:0901.0342 [math.AG], arXiv:0907.0268 [math.AG]), we study D-branes in a target-space with a fixed $B$-field background $(Y,\alpha_B)$ ... More

Relativistic SpheresMar 02 1999By analyzing the Einstein's equations for the static sphere, we find that there exists a non-singular static configuration whose radius can approach its corresponding horizon size arbitrarily.

Models in Rational homotopy theory and Torus Rank ConjectureMay 11 2017May 23 2017In this paper, we focus on some models in rational homotopy theory, Sullivan model, Quillen model, C_\infty model, and L_\infty model. We give some connections between them. As an application, we prove the Torus Rank Conjecture.

Finite size analysis of zero-temperature jamming transition under applied shear stressDec 10 2013By finding local minima of an enthalpy-like energy, we can generate jammed packings of frictionless spheres under constant shear stress $\sigma$ and obtain the yield stress $\sigma_y$ by sampling the potential energy landscape. For three-dimensional systems ... More

Charged and neutral vector meson under magnetic fieldAug 06 2014The vector meson $\rho$ in the presence of external magnetic field has been investigated in the framework of the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model, where mesons are constructed by infinite sum of quark-loop chains by using random phase approximation. The $\rho$ ... More

An End-to-end Framework For Integrated Pulmonary Nodule Detection and False Positive ReductionMar 23 2019Pulmonary nodule detection using low-dose Computed Tomography (CT) is often the first step in lung disease screening and diagnosis. Recently, algorithms based on deep convolutional neural nets have shown great promise for automated nodule detection. Most ... More

Cosmological Constraints on Variable Warm Dark MatterFeb 04 2013Mar 10 2013Although $\Lambda$CDM model is very successful in many aspects, it has been seriously challenged. Recently, warm dark matter (WDM) remarkably rose as an alternative of cold dark matter (CDM). In the literature, many attempts have been made to determine ... More

Large-scale anomalies of the CMB in the curvaton scenarioFeb 25 2013Aug 28 2013We extend the curvaton scenario presented by Erickcek et al. (2008, 2009), to explain how the even-odd multipole asymmetry of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) (also called parity asymmetry, (Kim & Naselsky 2010)) and power anisotropies can be generated ... More

Lead Sheet Generation and Arrangement by Conditional Generative Adversarial NetworkJul 30 2018Research on automatic music generation has seen great progress due to the development of deep neural networks. However, the generation of multi-instrument music of arbitrary genres still remains a challenge. Existing research either works on lead sheets ... More

Black hole thermodynamics and heat engines in conformal gravityJun 20 2017The extended phase space thermodynamics and heat engines for static spherically symmetric black hole solutions of four dimensional conformal gravity are studied in detail. It is argued that the equation of states (EOS) for such black holes is always branched, ... More

Azumaya structure on D-branes and resolution of ADE orbifold singularities revisited: Douglas-Moore vs. Polchinski-GrothendieckJan 03 2009In this continuation of [L-Y1] and [L-L-S-Y], we explain how the Azumaya structure on D-branes together with a netted categorical quotient construction produces the same resolution of ADE orbifold singularities as that arises as the vacuum manifold/variety ... More

Long time dynamics of defocusing energy critical 3 + 1 dimensional wave equation with potential in the radial caseMar 22 2014Using channel of energy inequalities developed by T.Duyckaerts, C.Kenig and F.Merle, we prove that, modulo a free radiation, any finite energy radial solution to the defocusing energy critical wave equation with radial potential in 3 + 1 dimensions converges ... More

Deep learning based track reconstruction on CEPC luminometerDec 14 2018Dec 19 2018We study the track reconstruction algorithms of the CEPC luminometer. Depend on the current geometry design, the conventional track reconstruction method is applied, but it suffers the energy leakage problem when tracks falling into the tile gaps regions. ... More

Blind correction of the EB-leakage in the pixel domainMar 31 2019We study the problem of EB-leakage that is associated with incomplete polarized CMB sky. In the blind case that assumes no additional information about the statistical properties and amplitudes of the signal from the missing sky region, we prove that ... More

Compressible forced viscous fluid from product Einstein manifoldsJan 21 2015Jan 29 2015We consider the fluctuation modes around a hypersurface $\Sigma_c$ in a $(d+2)$-dimensional product Einstein manifold, with $\Sigma_c$ taken either near the horizon or at some finite cutoff from the horizon. By mapping the equations that governs the lowest ... More

Understanding the LIGO GW150914 eventApr 21 2016Aug 09 2016We present a simplified method for the extraction of meaningful signals from Hanford and Livingstone 32 seconds data for the GW150914 event made publicly available by the LIGO collaboration and demonstrate its ability to reproduce the LIGO collaboration's ... More

D-branes of A-type, their deformations, and Morse cobordism of A-branes on Calabi-Yau 3-folds under a split attractor flow: Donaldson/Alexander-Hilden-Lozano-Montesinos-Thurston/Hurwitz/Denef-Joyce meeting Polchinski-GrothendieckDec 02 2010In [L-Y5] (D(6): arXiv:1003.1178 [math.SG]) we introduced the notion of Azumaya $C^{\infty}$-manifolds with a fundamental module and morphisms therefrom to a complex manifold. In the current sequel, we use this notion to give a prototypical definition ... More

Spontaneous generation of local CP violation and inverse magnetic catalysisApr 28 2014Sep 14 2014In the chiral symmetric phase, the polarized instanton--anti-instanton molecule pairing induces a nontrivial repulsive interaction in the iso-scalar axial-vector channel. As a consequence, one unusual property is observed that in the chiral restoration ... More

Regularity Analysis for an Abstract System of Coupled Hyperbolic and Parabolic EquationsApr 24 2014In this paper, we provide a complete regularity analysis for an abstract system of coupled hyperbolic and parabolic equations in a complex Hilbert space. We are able to decompose the unit square of the parameters into three parts where the semigroup associated ... More

Towards understanding the Planck thermal dust modelsMay 16 2017Understanding the properties of dust emission in the microwave domain is an important premise for the next generation of cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments, devoted to the measurement of the primordial $B$-modes of polarization. In this paper, ... More

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Health Awareness Events by Google Search FrequencyOct 09 2018Over two hundreds health awareness events take place in the United States in order to raise attention and educate the public about diseases. It would be informative and instructive for the organization to know the impact of these events, although such ... More

Generation and amplification of high-order sideband induced by two-level atoms in a hybrid optomechanical systemDec 08 2017It is quite important to enhance and control the optomechanically induced high-order sideband generation to achieve low-power optical comb and high-sensitivity sensing with an integratable structure. Here we present and analyze a proposal for enhancement ... More

Anomalous spin Hall effects in Dresselhaus (110) quantum wellsMay 17 2010Sep 27 2010Anomalous spin Hall effects that belong to the intrinsic type in Dresselhaus (110) quantum wells are discussed. For the out-of-plane spin component, antisymmetric current-induced spin polarization induces opposite spin Hall accumulation, even though there ... More

Nonuniform Rashba-Dresselhaus spin precession along arbitrary pathsJul 04 2006Nov 03 2006Electron spin precession in nonuniform Rashba-Dresselhaus two-dimensional electron systems along arbitrary continuous paths is investigated. We derive an analytical formula to describe the spin vectors (expectation values of the injected spin) in such ... More

Dynamics of D-branes II. The standard action --- an analogue of the Polyakov action for (fundamental, stacked) D-branesApr 11 2017We introduce a new action $S_{standard}^{(\rho,h; \Phi,g,B,C)}$ for D-branes that is to D-branes as the Polyakov action is to fundamental strings. This `standard action' is abstractly a non-Abelian gauged sigma model --- based on maps $\varphi: (X^{\!A\!z},E;\nabla)\rightarrow ... More