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Event-by-Event Observables and FluctuationsNov 23 2012In this talk the status and open questions of the phenomenological description of all the stages of a heavy ion reaction are highlighted. Special emphasis is put on event-by-event fluctuations and associated observables. The first part is concentrated ... More

Asymptotic triangulations and Coxeter transformations of the annulusAug 03 2015Oct 06 2015Asymptotic triangulations can be viewed as limits of triangulations under the action of the mapping class group. In the case of the annulus, such triangulations have been introduced by Baur and Dupont. We construct an alternative method of obtaining these ... More

A high resolution study of complex organic molecules in hot coresJul 07 2014We present the results of a line identification analysis using data from the IRAM Plateau de Bure Inferferometer, focusing on six massive star-forming hot cores: G31.41+0.31, G29.96-0.02, G19.61-0.23, G10.62-0.38, G24.78+0.08A1 and G24.78+0.08A2. We identify ... More

Local helioseismology and the active SunMay 14 2010The goal of local helioseismology is to elicit three-dimensional information about the sub-surface (or far-side) structure and dynamics of the Sun from observations of the helioseismic wave field at the surface. The physical quantities of interest include ... More

On the shape of subword complexity sequences of finite wordsSep 13 2013Sep 13 2014The subword complexity of a word $w$ over a finite alphabet $\mathcal{A}$ is a function that assigns for each positive integer $n$, the number of distinct subwords of length $n$ in $w$. The subword complexity of a word is a good measure of the randomness ... More

Discrete configuration spaces of squares and hexagonsApr 20 2017We consider generalizations of the familiar fifteen-piece sliding puzzle on the 4 by 4 square grid. On larger grids with more pieces and more holes, asymptotically how fast can we move the puzzle into the solved state? We also give a variation with sliding ... More

Some halting problems for abelian sandpiles are undecidable in dimension threeAug 01 2015The abelian sandpile model is a simple combinatorial model for critical behaviour which has the "abelian property" that the order in which we make moves does not change the final outcome of the game. This might seem to restrict the model's computational ... More

Anisotropic flow in transport+hydrodynamics hybrid approachesApr 07 2014Nov 26 2014This contribution to the focus issue covers anisotropic flow in hybrid approaches. The historical development of hybrid approaches and their impact on the interpretation of flow measurements is reviewed. The major ingredients of a hybrid approach and ... More

Semidualizing DG Modules over Tensor ProductsNov 25 2014We study the existence of nontrivial semidualizing DG modules over tensor products of DG algebras over a field. In particular, this gives a lower bound on the number of semidualizing DG modules over the tensor product.

Coefficients of McKay-Thompson series and distributions of the moonshine moduleAug 15 2015Jan 03 2016In a recent paper, Duncan, Griffin and Ono provide exact formulas for the coefficients of McKay-Thompson series and use them to find asymptotic expressions for the distribution of irreducible representations in the moonshine module $V^\natural = \bigoplus_n ... More

Restricting cohomology classes to disk and segment configuration spacesAug 23 2016The configuration space of n labeled disks of radius r inside the unit disk is denoted Conf_{n, r}(D^2). We study how the cohomology of this space depends on r. In particular, given a cohomology class of Conf_{n, 0}(D^2), for which r does its restriction ... More

Identified Particle Spectra and Anisotropic Flow in an Event-by-Event Hybrid Approach in Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2.76$ TeVMay 09 2011The first results from heavy ion collisions at the Large Hadron Collider for charged particle spectra and elliptic flow are compared to an event-by-event hybrid approach with an ideal hydrodynamic expansion. This approach has been shown to successfully ... More

A bijective proof of a false theta function identity from Ramanujan's lost notebookJun 12 2018Oct 29 2018In his lost notebook, Ramanujan listed 5 identities related to the false theta function $$f(q)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty (-1)^nq^{n(n+1)/2}.$$ A new combinatorial interpretation and proof of one of these identities is given. The methods of the proof allow for ... More

Macroscopic stability and simplicial norms of hypersurfacesDec 12 2017We introduce a $\mathbb{Z}$--coefficient version of Guth's macroscopic stability inequality for almost-minimizing hypersurfaces. In manifolds with a lower bound on macroscopic scalar curvature, we use the inequality to prove a lower bound on areas of ... More

Using simplicial volume to count maximally broken Morse trajectoriesJun 15 2015Given a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ and a Morse-Smale function, there are finitely many $n$-part broken trajectories of the negative gradient flow. We show that if the manifold admits a hyperbolic metric, then the number of $n$-part broken ... More

The numbers of tropical plane curves through points in general positionApr 19 2005Jan 10 2006We show that the number of tropical curves of given genus and degree through some given general points in the plane does not depend on the position of the points. In the case when the degree of the curves contains only primitive integral vectors this ... More

Eccentricity fluctuations in an integrated hybrid approach: Influence on elliptic flowFeb 04 2010May 04 2010The effects of initial state fluctuations on elliptic flow are investigated within a (3+1)d Boltzmann + hydrodynamics transport approach. The spatial eccentricity ($\epsilon_{\rm RP}$ and $\epsilon_{\rm part}$) is calculated for initial conditions generated ... More

Ideal hydrodynamics and elliptic flow at SPS energies: Importance of the initial conditionsJan 26 2009The elliptic flow excitation function calculated in a full (3+1)d hybrid Boltzmann approach with an intermediate hydrodynamic stage for heavy ion reactions from GSI-SIS to the highest CERN-SPS energies is discussed in the context of the experimental data. ... More

Particlization in hybrid modelsJun 15 2012Sep 20 2012In hybrid models, which combine hydrodynamical and transport approaches to describe different stages of heavy-ion collisions, conversion of fluid to individual particles, particlization, is a non-trivial technical problem. We describe in detail how to ... More

Sequential recombination algorithm for jet clustering and background subtractionApr 03 2013Aug 14 2013We investigate a new sequential recombination algorithm which effectively subtracts background as it reconstructs the jet. We examine the new algorithm's behavior in light of existing algorithms, and we find that in Monte Carlo comparisons, the new algorithm's ... More

More Iterations per Second, Same Quality -- Why Asynchronous Algorithms may Drastically Outperform Traditional OnesAug 17 2017In this paper, we consider the convergence of a very general asynchronous-parallel algorithm called ARock, that takes many well-known asynchronous algorithms as special cases (gradient descent, proximal gradient, Douglas Rachford, ADMM, etc.). In asynchronous-parallel ... More

The Eternal Game Chromatic Number of a GraphNov 06 2018Apr 11 2019Game coloring is a well-studied two-player game in which each player properly colors one vertex of a graph at a time until all the vertices are colored. An `eternal' version of game coloring is introduced in this paper in which the vertices are colored ... More

Stochastic Modelling of T-Cell-ActivationApr 13 2013We investigate a special part of the human immune system, namely the activation of T-Cells, using stochastic tools, especially sharp large deviation results. T-Cells have to distinguish reliably between foreign and self peptides which are both presented ... More

Congruence properties of Taylor coefficients of modular formsJun 11 2014In their work, Serre and Swinnerton-Dyer study the congruence properties of the Fourier coefficients of modular forms. We examine similar congruence properties, but for the coefficients of a modified Taylor expansion about a CM point $\tau$. These coefficients ... More

Sieved Enumeration of Interval Orders and Other Fishburn StructuresFeb 18 2015Mar 10 2015Following a result of Eriksen and Sj\"{o}strand (2014) we detail a technique to construct structures following the Fishburn distribution from appropriate Mahonian structures. This technique is introduced on a bivincular pattern of Bousquet-M\'elou et ... More

Discrete Morse Theory for Computing Zigzag PersistenceJul 13 2018We introduce a theoretical and computational framework to use discrete Morse theory as an efficient preprocessing in order to compute zigzag persistent homology. From a zigzag filtration of complexes $(K_i)$, we introduce a {\em zigzag Morse filtration} ... More

A family of maps with many small fibersFeb 12 2014Apr 03 2014The waist inequality states that for a continuous map from S^n to R^q, not all fibers can have small (n-q)-dimensional volume. We construct maps for which most fibers have small (n-q)-dimensional volume and all fibers have bounded (n-q)-dimensional volume. ... More

Tracing the cold and warm physico-chemical structure of deeply embedded protostars: IRAS 16293-2422 versus VLA 1623-2417May 14 2018Much attention has been placed on the dust distribution in protostellar envelopes, but there are still many unanswered questions regarding the structure of the gas. We aim to start identifying the factors that determine the chemical structure of protostellar ... More

Initial State Fluctuations and Final State Correlations in Relativistic Heavy-Ion CollisionsDec 19 2013Jun 02 2014We review the phenomenology and theory of bulk observables in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions, focussing on recent developments involving event-by-event fluctuations in the initial stages of a heavy ion collision, and how they manifest in observed ... More

On the Possibility of Event Shape Selection in Relativistic Heavy Ion CollisionsMay 13 2013Nov 12 2013We investigate the possibility of selecting heavy ion collision events with certain features in the initial state ("event engineering"). Anisotropic flow measurements in heavy ion reactions have confirmed the almost ideal fluid dynamical behaviour of ... More

On Unbounded Delays in Asynchronous Parallel Fixed-Point AlgorithmsSep 15 2016The need for scalable numerical solutions has motivated the development of asynchronous parallel algorithms, where a set of nodes run in parallel with little or no synchronization, thus computing with delayed information. This paper studies the convergence ... More

Art gallery problem with rook and queen visionOct 25 2018Nov 20 2018How many chess rooks or queens does it take to guard all the squares of a given polyomino, the union of square tiles from a square grid? This question is a version of the art gallery problem in which the guards can "see" whichever squares the rook or ... More

Tremaine-Weinberg integrals for gas flows in double barsJan 09 2008We report on our attempts to achieve a nearly steady-state gas flow in hydrodynamical simulations of doubly barred galaxies. After exploring the parameter space, we construct two models, for which we evaluate the photometric and the kinematic integrals, ... More

Tropical enumerative invariants of F_0 and F_2Aug 26 2008Jun 20 2011There is an equation relating numbers of curves on F_0 satisfying incidence conditions and numbers of curves on F_2 satisfying incidence conditions. The purpose of this paper is to give a tropical proof of this equation in the case of rational curves. ... More

Automorphism groups of compact complex supermanifoldsJun 03 2015Let $\mathcal M$ be a compact complex supermanifold. We prove that the set $\mathrm{Aut}_{\bar 0}(\mathcal M)$ of automorphisms of $\mathcal M$ can be endowed with the structure of a complex Lie group acting holomorphically on $\mathcal M$, so that its ... More

Higher order corksFeb 07 2019It is shown that any finite list of smooth, closed, simply-connected 4-manifolds that are homeomorphic to a given one X can be obtained by removing a single compact contractible submanifold (or cork) from X, and then regluing it by powers of a boundary ... More

A conditional strong large deviation result and a functional central limit theorem for the rate functionNov 21 2014Dec 04 2014We study the large deviation behaviour of $S_n=\sum_{j=1}^n W_jZ_j$, where $(W_j)_{j \in \mathbb N}$ and $(Z_j)_{j \in \mathbb N}$ are sequences of real-valued, independent and identically distributed random variables satisfying certain moment conditions, ... More

Maximising $H$-Colourings of GraphsNov 09 2016For graphs $G$ and $H$, an $H$-colouring of $G$ is a map $\psi:V(G)\rightarrow V(H)$ such that $ij\in E(G)\Rightarrow\psi(i)\psi(j)\in E(H)$. The number of $H$-colourings of $G$ is denoted by $\hom(G,H)$. We prove the following: for all graphs $H$ and ... More

Evolution of elliptic and triangular flow as a function of collision energy in a hybrid modelOct 07 2013Apr 10 2014We study the collision energy dependence of elliptic flow v_2 and triangular flow v_3 in Au+Au collisions within the energy range sqrt(s_{NN}) = 5-200 GeV, utilizing a transport + hydrodynamics hybrid model. The transport part is described by the Ultrarelativistic ... More

The Lipman-Zariski conjecture in genus one higherJan 17 2019We prove the Lipman-Zariski conjecture for complex surface singularities of genus at most two, and also for those of genus three whose link is not a rational homology sphere. This improves on a previous result of the second author. As an application, ... More

Ensemble Methods for Convex Regression with Applications to Geometric Programming Based Circuit DesignJun 18 2012Convex regression is a promising area for bridging statistical estimation and deterministic convex optimization. New piecewise linear convex regression methods are fast and scalable, but can have instability when used to approximate constraints or objective ... More

The Eternal Game Chromatic Number of a GraphNov 06 2018Apr 16 2019Game coloring is a well-studied two-player game in which each player properly colors one vertex of a graph at a time until all the vertices are colored. An `eternal' version of game coloring is introduced in this paper in which the vertices are colored ... More

Counting tropical elliptic plane curves with fixed j-invariantAug 18 2006Dec 17 2009In complex algebraic geometry, the problem of enumerating plane elliptic curves of given degree with fixed complex structure has been solved by R.Pandharipande using Gromov-Witten theory. In this article we treat the tropical analogue of this problem, ... More

Length 3 Edge-Disjoint Paths and Partial OrientationJan 31 2012In 2003, it was claimed that the following problem was solvable in polynomial time: do there exist k edge-disjoint paths of length exactly 3 between vertices s and t in a given graph? The proof was flawed, and we show that this problem is NP-hard even ... More

A note on the complexity of h-cobordismsNov 07 2018Dec 01 2018We show that the number of double points of smoothly immersed 2-spheres representing certain homology classes of an oriented, smooth, closed, simply-connected 4-manifold X must increase with the complexity of corresponding h-cobordisms from X to X. As ... More

Macroscopic scalar curvature and areas of cyclesMay 08 2017Jun 20 2017In this paper we prove the following. Let $\Sigma$ be an $n$--dimensional closed hyperbolic manifold and let $g$ be a Riemannian metric on $\Sigma \times \mathbb{S}^1$. Given an upper bound on the volumes of unit balls in the Riemannian universal cover ... More

Using simplicial volume to count multi-tangent trajectories of traversing vector fieldsMar 09 2015For a non-vanishing gradient-like vector field on a compact manifold $X^{n+1}$ with boundary, a discrete set of trajectories may be tangent to the boundary with reduced multiplicity $n$, which is the maximum possible. (Among them are trajectories that ... More

HELAS Local Helioseismology ActivitiesOct 19 2008The main goals of the HELAS local helioseismology network activity are to consolidate this field of research in Europe, to organise scientific workshops, and to facilitate the distribution of observations and data analysis software. Most of this is currently ... More

A Diagnostic for Localizing Red Giant Differential RotationAug 05 2016We present a simple diagnostic that can be used to constrain the location of the differential rotation in red giants with measured mixed mode rotational splittings. Specifically, in red giants with radii $\sim 4R_\odot$, the splittings of p-dominated ... More

The Caporaso-Harris formula and plane relative Gromov-Witten invariants in tropical geometryApr 19 2005Aug 01 2007Some years ago Caporaso and Harris have found a nice way to compute the numbers N(d,g) of complex plane curves of degree d and genus g through 3d+g-1 general points with the help of relative Gromov-Witten invariants. Recently, Mikhalkin has found a way ... More

Deviations of the Energy-Momentum Tensor from Equilibrium in the Initial State for Hydrodynamics from Transport ApproachesAug 18 2015Many hybrid models of heavy ion collisions construct the initial state for hydrodynamics from transport models. Hydrodynamics requires that the energy-momentum tensor $T^{\mu\nu}$ and four-currents $j^{\mu}$ do not deviate considerably from the equilibrium ... More

Collision Energy Evolution of Elliptic and Triangular Flow in a Hybrid ModelJun 01 2013While the existence of a strongly interacting state of matter, known as 'quark-gluon plasma' (QGP), has been established in heavy ion collision experiments in the past decade, the task remains to map out the transition from the hadronic matter to the ... More

On Unbounded Delays in Asynchronous Parallel Fixed-Point AlgorithmsSep 15 2016Aug 17 2017The need for scalable numerical solutions has motivated the development of asynchronous parallel algorithms, where a set of nodes run in parallel with little or no synchronization, thus computing with delayed information. This paper studies the convergence ... More

Intersecting Psi-classes on tropical M_{0,n}Sep 25 2007Jul 01 2009We apply the tropical intersection theory developed by L. Allermann and J. Rau to compute intersection products of tropical Psi-classes on the moduli space of rational tropical curves. We show that in the case of zero-dimensional (stable) intersections, ... More

Equivalent non-isotopic spheres in 4-manifoldsJun 20 2018Oct 26 2018We construct infinitely many smooth oriented 4-manifolds containing pairs of homotopic, smoothly embedded 2-spheres that are not topologically isotopic, but that are equivalent by an ambient diffeomorphism inducing the identity on homology. These examples ... More

Hyperbolicity of the partition Jensen polynomialsApr 29 2019Given an arithmetic function $a: \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, one can associate a naturally defined, doubly infinite family of Jensen polynomials. Recent work of Griffin, Ono, Rolen, and Zagier shows that for certain families of functions $a: \mathbb{N} ... More

Tropical Real Hurwitz numbersDec 13 2014Aug 25 2015In this paper, we define tropical analogues of real Hurwitz numbers, i.e. numbers of covers of surfaces with compatible involutions satisfying prescribed ramification properties. We prove a correspondence theorem stating the equality of the tropical numbers ... More

Effective N-particle collisions in a hadronic transport approachSep 05 2016Hadronic transport approaches based on an effective solution of the relativistic Boltzmann equation are widely applied for the dynamical description of heavy ion reactions at low beam energies. At high densities, the assumption of binary interactions ... More

Evolution of elliptic and triangular flow as a function of beam energy in a hybrid modelOct 29 2013Elliptic flow has been one of the key observables for establishing the finding of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) at the highest energies of Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). As a sign of collectively behaving matter, ... More

Consensus on Moving Neighborhood Model of Peterson GraphMar 08 2012In this paper, we study the consensus problem of multiple agents on a kind of famous graph, Peterson graph. It is an undirected graph with 10 vertices and 15 edges. Each agent randomly walks on this graph and communicates with each other if and only if ... More

Deformation of tropical Hirzebruch surfaces and enumerative geometryMar 06 2013Sep 05 2014We illustrate the use of tropical methods by generalizing a formula due to Abramovich and Bertram, extended later by Vakil. Namely, we exhibit relations between enumerative invariants of the Hirzebruch surfaces $\Sigma_n$ and $\Sigma_{n+2}$, obtained ... More

Sky subtraction at the Poisson limit with fibre-optic multi-object spectroscopyJul 05 2010We report on the limitations of sky subtraction accuracy for long duration fibre-optic multi-object spectroscopy of faint astronomical sources during long duration exposures. We show that while standard sky subtraction techniques yield accuracies consistent ... More

Traces of singular values of HauptmodulnJul 16 2014Sep 01 2014In an important paper, Zagier proved that certain half-integral weight modular forms are generating functions for traces of polynomials in the $j$-function. It turns out that Zagier's work makes it possible to algorithmically compute Hilbert class polynomials ... More

The Eternal Game Chromatic Number of a GraphNov 06 2018Feb 22 2019Game coloring is a well-studied two-player game in which each player properly colors one vertex of a graph at a time until all the vertices are colored. An `eternal' version of game coloring is introduced in this paper in which the vertices are colored ... More

Constraining stochastic parametrisation schemes using high-resolution simulationsApr 09 2019Stochastic parametrisations are used in weather and climate models to improve the representation of unpredictable unresolved processes. When compared to a deterministic model, a stochastic model represents `model uncertainty', i.e., sources of error in ... More

Kontsevich's formula and the WDVV equations in tropical geometrySep 27 2005Sep 09 2008Using Gromov-Witten theory the numbers of complex plane rational curves of degree d through 3d-1 general given points can be computed recursively with Kontsevich's formula that follows from the so-called WDVV equations. In this paper we establish the ... More

The space of tropically collinear points is shellableNov 06 2007Jul 13 2009The space T_{d,n} of n tropically collinear points in a fixed tropical projective space TP^{d-1} is equivalent to the tropicalization of the determinantal variety of matrices of rank at most 2, which consists of real d x n matrices of tropical or Kapranov ... More

Tropical covers of curves and their moduli spacesMar 26 2013We define the tropical moduli space of covers of a tropical line in the plane as weighted abstract polyhedral complex, and the tropical branch map recording the images of the simple ramifications. Our main result is the invariance of the degree of the ... More

Tropical descendant Gromov-Witten invariantsSep 08 2008Nov 29 2009We define tropical Psi-classes on the moduli space of rational tropical curves in R^2 and consider intersection products of Psi-classes and pull-backs of evaluations on this space. We show a certain WDVV equation which is sufficient to prove that tropical ... More

Thickness of skeletons of arithmetic hyperbolic orbifoldsNov 13 2018We show that closed arithmetic hyperbolic n--dimensional orbifolds with larger and larger volumes give rise to triangulations of the underlying spaces whose 1--skeletons are harder and harder to embed nicely in Euclidean space. A related question: can ... More

Predictive Accuracy of Dynamic Mode DecompositionMay 05 2019Dynamic mode decomposition (DMD), which the family of singular-value decompositions (SVD), is a popular tool of data-driven regression. While multiple numerical tests demonstrated the power and efficiency of DMD in representing data (i.e., in the interpolation ... More

Experimental Estimation of Number of Clusters Based on Cluster QualityMar 10 2015Text Clustering is a text mining technique which divides the given set of text documents into significant clusters. It is used for organizing a huge number of text documents into a well-organized form. In the majority of the clustering algorithms, the ... More

Obtaining Laws of Thermodynamics for Ideal Gases using Elastic CollisionsMay 29 2013The purpose of this note is to see to what extent ideal gas laws can be obtained from simple Newtonian mechanics, specifically elastic collisions. We present simple one-dimensional situations that seem to validate the laws. The first section describes ... More

Near-UV transit photometry of HAT-P-32 b with the LBT: Silicate aerosols in the planetary atmosphereJul 26 2017Sep 18 2017Broad-band exoplanet transit photometry can characterize the planetary atmosphere when observed at multiple selected filters. This observing technique can reveal gradients in the spectra of extrasolar planets, for example the slope of decreasing opacity ... More

The Influence of Social Movements on Space Astronomy PolicyAug 21 2014Aug 22 2014Public engagement (PE) initiatives can lead to a long term public support of science. However most of the real impact of PE initiatives within the context of long-term science policy is not completely understood. An examination of the National Aeronautics ... More

First Structure Formation: A Simulation of Small Scale Structure at High RedshiftSep 15 2000We describe the results of a simulation of collisionless cold dark matter in a LambdaCDM universe to examine the properties of objects collapsing at high redshift (z=10). We analyze the halos that form at these early times in this simulation and find ... More

Generating Music from LiteratureMar 10 2014We present a system, TransProse, that automatically generates musical pieces from text. TransProse uses known relations between elements of music such as tempo and scale, and the emotions they evoke. Further, it uses a novel mechanism to determine sequences ... More

On the ranks of elliptic curves with isogeniesNov 04 2016In recent years, the question of whether the ranks of elliptic curves defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ are unbounded has garnered much attention. One can create refined versions of this question by restricting one's attention to elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ ... More

Reconstruction from $k$-decks for graphs with maximum degree 2Sep 01 2016The $k$-deck of a graph is its multiset of induced subgraphs on $k$ vertices. We prove that $n$-vertex graphs with maximum degree $2$ have the same $k$-decks if each cycle has at least $k+1$ vertices, each path component has at least $k-1$ vertices, and ... More

The subset-matched Jaccard index for evaluation of Segmentation for Plant ImagesNov 21 2016We describe a new measure for the evaluation of region level segmentation of objects, as applied to evaluating the accuracy of leaf-level segmentation of plant images. The proposed approach enforces the rule that a region (e.g. a leaf) in either the image ... More

Flaring Solar Hale Sector BoundariesOct 13 2010Oct 15 2010Magnetic fields and the occurrence of flares and microflares are strongly concentrated near that portion (the Hale boundary) in each solar hemisphere where the change in magnetic sector polarity is the same as that between leading and following sunspot ... More

The Pulsation Period of the Hot Hydrogen-Deficient Star MV SgrFeb 27 2012MV Sgr is a hot, hydrogen-deficient star which has undergone R CrB fadings. We have used self-correlation analysis and Fourier analysis of CCD V photometry in the AAVSO International Database to identify a period of 8.0 days in this star; the amplitude ... More

Leaf segmentation through the classification of edgesApr 05 2019We present an approach to leaf level segmentation of images of Arabidopsis thaliana plants based upon detected edges. We introduce a novel approach to edge classification, which forms an important part of a method to both count the leaves and establish ... More

Tropical geometry of genus two curvesJan 01 2018Oct 23 2018We exploit three classical characterizations of smooth genus two curves to study their tropical and analytic counterparts. First, we provide a combinatorial rule to determine the dual graph of each algebraic curve and the metric structure on the associated ... More

Characterizing face and flag vector pairs for polytopesMar 13 2018Oct 19 2018Gr\"unbaum, Barnette, and Reay in 1974 completed the characterization of the pairs $(f_i,f_j)$ of face numbers of $4$-dimensional polytopes. Here we obtain a complete characterization of the pairs of flag numbers $(f_0,f_{03})$ for $4$-polytopes. Furthermore, ... More

Semi-algebraic sets of f-vectorsNov 06 2017Oct 19 2018Polytope theory has produced a great number of remarkably simple and complete characterization results for face-number sets or f-vector sets of classes of polytopes. We observe that in most cases these sets can be described as the intersection of a semi-algebraic ... More

Decomposing labeled interval orders as pairs of permutationsMay 10 2014Oct 21 2014We introduce ballot matrices, a signed combinatorial structure whose definition naturally follows from the generating function for labeled interval orders. A sign reversing involution on ballot matrices is defined. We show that matrices fixed under this ... More

How to repair tropicalizations of plane curves using modificationsSep 25 2014Tropical geometry is sensitive to embeddings of algebraic varieties inside toric varieties. The purpose of this paper is to advertise tropical modifications as a tool to locally repair bad embeddings of plane curves, allowing the re-embedded tropical ... More

The ALMA-PILS survey: The sulphur connection between protostars and comets: IRAS 16293-2422 B and 67P/Churyumov-GerasimenkoFeb 08 2018Feb 21 2018The evolutionary past of our Solar System can be pieced together by comparing analogous low-mass protostars with remnants of our Protosolar Nebula - comets. Sulphur-bearing molecules may be unique tracers of the joint evolution of the volatile and refractory ... More

The spectral difference between solar flare HXR coronal and footpoint sources due to wave-particle interactionsMar 11 2011Investigate the spatial and spectral evolution of hard X-ray (HXR) emission from flare accelerated electron beams subject to collisional transport and wave-particle interactions in the solar atmosphere. We numerically follow the propagation of a power-law ... More

Signatures of Planet Formation in Gravitationally Unstable DisksMar 07 2007In this paper, we calculate simulated scattered light images of a circumstellar disk in which a planet is forming by gravitational instability. The simulated images bear no correlation to the vertically integrated surface density of the disk, but rather ... More

Understanding the meaning of Greek temples' orientations. Akragas Valley of the Temples as a case studyNov 08 2015The issue of the orientation of Greek Temples has been the subject of several debates since the end of the 19 century. In fact, although a general tendency to orientation within the arc of the rising sun is undeniable, specific patterns and true meaning ... More

Sublimation of the Endohedral Fullerene Er3N@C80Dec 18 2009Sep 16 2010The heat of sublimation of the endohedral metallofullerene Er3N@C80 was measured via Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry. The large molecule consists of a C80 fullerene cage which is stabilized by comprising a complex of three erbium atoms bounded to a ... More

What the collective flow excitation function can tell about the quark-gluon plasmaAug 01 2014Recent STAR data from the RHIC beam energy scan (BES) show that the midrapidity slope dv1/dy of the directed flow v1 of net-protons changes sign twice within the collision energy range 7.7 - 39 GeV. To investigate this phenomenon, we study the collision ... More

Dilepton production with the SMASH modelApr 24 2016In this work the SMASH model is presented ("Simulating Many Accelerated Strongly-Interacting Hadrons"), a next-generation hadronic transport approach, which is designed to describe the non-equilibrium evolution of hadronic matter in heavy-ion collisions. ... More

Tropical compactification and the Gromov--Witten theory of $\mathbb{P}^1$Oct 10 2014Aug 23 2016We use tropical and nonarchimedean geometry to study the moduli space of genus $0$ stable maps to $\mathbb{P}^1$ relative to two points. This space is exhibited as a tropical compactification in a toric variety. Moreover, the fan of this toric variety ... More

Radiative Transfer Models of a Possible Planet in the AB Aurigae DiskMar 20 2010Recent coronagraphic imaging of the AB Aurigae disk has revealed a region of low polarized scattered light suggestive of perturbations from a planet at a radius of ~100 AU. We model this darkened region using our fully non-plane-parallel radiative-transfer ... More

A2BCD: An Asynchronous Accelerated Block Coordinate Descent Algorithm With Optimal ComplexityMar 15 2018May 20 2018In this paper, we propose the Asynchronous Accelerated Nonuniform Randomized Block Coordinate Descent algorithm (A2BCD), the first asynchronous Nesterov-accelerated algorithm that achieves optimal complexity. This parallel algorithm solves the unconstrained ... More

Transmission spectral properties of clouds for hot Jupiter exoplanetsSep 26 2014Sep 30 2014Clouds have an important role in the atmospheres of planetary bodies. It is expected that, like all the planetary bodies in our solar system, exoplanet atmospheres will also have substantial cloud coverage, and evidence is mounting for clouds in a number ... More

Asynchronous Coordinate Descent under More Realistic AssumptionsMay 20 2017Jul 18 2017Asynchronous-parallel algorithms have the potential to vastly speed up algorithms by eliminating costly synchronization. However, our understanding to these algorithms is limited because the current convergence of asynchronous (block) coordinate descent ... More