total 89929took 0.13s

Abrupt Emergence of Pressure-Induced Superconductivity of 34 K in SrFe2As2: A Resistivity Study under PressureOct 27 2008Nov 19 2008We report resistivity measurement under pressure in single crystals of SrFe_2As_2, which is one of the parent materials of Fe-based superconductors. The structural and antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition of T_0 = 198 K at ambient pressure is suppressed ... More

Effect of Uniaxial Stress for Pressure-Induced Superconductor SrFe_2As_2Apr 29 2009Jun 17 2009We report that the pressure-temperature phase diagram of single-crystalline SrFe$_2$As$_2$ is easily affected by the hydrostaticity of a pressure-transmitting medium. For all of the three mediums we used, superconductivity with zero resistance appears, ... More

Contrasting Pressure Effects in Sr2VFeAsO3 and Sr2ScFePO3Aug 11 2009Oct 27 2009We report the resistivity measurements under pressure of two Fe-based superconductors with a thick perovskite oxide layer, Sr2VFeAsO3 and Sr2ScFePO3. The superconducting transition temperature Tc of Sr2VFeAsO3 markedly increases with increasing pressure. ... More

NMR Investigation of the iron-based superconductors Ca4(Mg,Ti)3Fe2As2O8-y and Ca5(Sc,Ti)4Fe2As2O11-yOct 22 2012$^{75}$As and $^{45}$Sc NMR measurements unravel the electronic state for Fe-based superconductors with perovskite-type blocking layers Ca$_4$(Mg,Ti)$_3$Fe$_2$As$_2$O$_{8-y}$ ($T_c^{onset}=47$ K) and Ca$_5$(Sc,Ti)$_4$Fe$_2$As$_2$O$_{11-y}$ ($T_c^{onset}=41$ ... More

Pressure-Temperature-Magnetic Field Phase Diagram of Ferromagnetic Kondo Lattice CeRuPONov 06 2013We report the temperature-pressure-magnetic field phase diagram made from electrical resistivity measurements for the ferromagnetic (FM) Kondo lattice CeRuPO. The ground state at zero field changes from the FM state to another state, which is suggested ... More

Evidence for Spin-Singlet Superconductivity in Layered MgB2Mar 23 2001May 21 2001This paper has been withdrawn by the authors, because of serious experimental problems.

Evidence for Unconventional Superconductivity in Arsenic-Free Iron-Based Superconductor FeSe : A ^77Se-NMR StudyJul 31 2008Sep 09 2008We report the results of $^{77}$Se--nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in $\alpha$-FeSe, which exhibits a similar crystal structure to the LaFeAsO$_{1-x}$F$_x$ superconductor and shows superconductivity at 8 K. The nuclear-spin lattice relaxation rate $1/T_1$ ... More

Precise Pressure Dependence of the Superconducting Transition Temperature of FeSe: Resistivity and ^77Se--NMR StudyMar 15 2009Apr 20 2009We report the precise pressure dependence of FeSe from a resistivity measurement up to 4.15 GPa. Superconducting transition temperature (T_c) increases sensitively under pressure, but shows a plateau between 0.5-1.5 GPa. The maximum T_c, which is determined ... More

Thermopower of CexR1-xB6 (R=La, Pr and Nd)Apr 25 2006The thermopower, S, of CexR1-xB6 (R=La, Pr, Nd) was investigated. S with a positive sign shows a typical behavior observed in the Ce Kondo system, an increase with decreasing temperature at high temperatures and a maximum at low temperatures. The S values ... More

Anion height dependence of Tc for the Fe-based superconductorJan 12 2010Mar 13 2010We have established a plot of the anion height dependence of Tc for the typical Fe-based superconductors. The plot appeared a symmetric curve with a peak around 1.38 A. Both data at ambient pressure and under high pressure obeyed the unique curve. This ... More

Foundations of Electromagnetism, Equivalence Principles and Cosmic InteractionsSep 26 2011We look at the foundations of electromagnetism in this chapter of the "eletromagnetism" book. For doing this, after some review (constraints on photon mass etc.), we use two approaches. The first one is to formulate a Parametrized Post-Maxwellian framework ... More

Constraints on pseudoscalar-photon interaction from CMB polarization observationOct 22 2009Effective pseudoscalar-photon interaction(s) would induce a rotation of linear polarization of electromagnetic wave propagating with cosmological distance in various cosmological models. Pseudoscalar-photon interaction is proportional to the gradient ... More

Gravitational wave detection in spaceOct 04 2016Gravitational wave (GW) detection in space is aimed at low frequency band (100 nHz - 100 mHz) and middle frequency band (100 mHz - 10 Hz). The science goals are the detection of GWs from (i) Supermassive Black Holes; (ii) Extreme-Mass-Ratio Black Hole ... More

Dilaton field and cosmic wave propagationOct 01 2014We study the electromagnetic wave propagation in the joint dilaton field and axion field. Dilaton field induces amplification/attenuation in the propagation while axion field induces polarization rotation. The amplification/attenuation induced by dilaton ... More

Solar-system tests of the relativistic gravityNov 18 2016In 1859, Le Verrier discovered the Mercury perihelion advance anomaly. This anomaly turned out to be the first relativistic-gravity effect observed. During the 156 years to 2016, the precisions and accuracies of laboratory and space experiments, and of ... More

Genesis of general relativity - a concise expositionDec 30 2016This short exposition starts with a brief discussion of situation before the completion of special relativity (Le Verrier's discovery of the Mercury perihelion advance anomaly, Michelson-Morley experiment, E\"otv\"os experiment, Newcomb's improved observation ... More

Solar-system tests of the relativistic gravityNov 18 2016Dec 25 2016In 1859, Le Verrier discovered the Mercury perihelion advance anomaly. This anomaly turned out to be the first relativistic-gravity effect observed. During the 157 years to 2016, the precisions and accuracies of laboratory and space experiments, and of ... More

ASTROD and ASTROD I -- Overview and ProgressDec 15 2007In this paper, we present an overview of ASTROD (Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices) and ASTROD I mission concepts and studies. The missions employ deep-space laser ranging using drag-free spacecraft to map the gravitational ... More

Equivalence Principles, Spacetime Structure and the Cosmic ConnectionDec 28 2015After reviewing the meaning of various equivalence principles and the structure of electrodynamics, we give a fairly detailed account of the construction of the light cone and a core metric from the equivalence principle for the photon (no birefringence, ... More

Solar-system tests of the inflation model with a Weyl termMar 12 2012Recently, there has been an interest in inflation and modified gravity with a Weyl term added to the general-relativistic action (N. Derulle, M. Sasaki, Y. Sendouda and A. Youssef, JCAP, 3, 040 (2011)). In this paper we study empirical constraint on this ... More

Rotation, Equivalence Principle, and GP-B ExperimentMay 22 2011The ultra-precise Gravity Probe B experiment measured the frame-dragging effect and geodetic precession on four quartz gyros. We use this result to test WEP II (Weak Equivalence Principle II) which includes rotation in the universal free-fall motion. ... More

Empirical Foundations of Relativistic GravityApr 24 2005In 1859, Le Verrier discovered the mercury perihelion advance anomaly. This anomaly turned out to be the first relativistic-gravity effect observed. During the 141 years to 2000, the precisions of laboratory and space experiments, and astrophysical and ... More

ASTROD I Charging Simulation and DisturbancesApr 25 2007ASTROD I is planned as a single spacecraft mission. It will use interferometric and pulse ranging techniques between the spacecraft and ground stations, to make high precision measurements of the parameters that describe the solar system, and to test ... More

Testing Relativistic Gravity and Detecting Gravitational Waves in SpaceJan 01 2010For testing gravity and detecting gravitational waves in space, deep-space laser ranging using drag-free spacecraft is a common method. Deep space provides a large arena and a long integration time. Laser technology provides measurement sensitivity, while ... More

From Equivalence Principles to Cosmology: Cosmic Polarization Rotation, CMB Observation, Neutrino Number Asymmetry, Lorentz Invariance and CPTDec 25 2007Feb 24 2008In this paper, we review the approach leading to cosmic polarization rotation observation and present the current status with an outlook. In the study of the relations among equivalence principles, we found that long-range pseudoscalar-photon interaction ... More

Gravitational Wave (GW) Classification, Space GW Detection Sensitivities and AMIGO (Astrodynamical Middle-frequency Interferometric GW Observatory)Sep 17 2017After first reviewing the gravitational wave (GW) spectral classification. we discuss the sensitivities of GW detection in space aimed at low frequency band (100 nHz-100 mHz) and middle frequency band (100 mHz-10 Hz). The science goals are to detect GWs ... More

Direct Detection of the Primordial Inflationary Gravitational WavesMay 15 2009Inflationary cosmology is successful in explaining a number of outstanding cosmological issues including the flatness, the horizon and the relic issues. More spectacular is the experimental confirmation of the structure as arose from the inflationary ... More

Improved Simulation of the Mass Charging for ASTROD IJul 13 2007The electrostatic charging of the test mass in ASTROD I (Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices I) mission can affect the quality of the science data as a result of spurious Coulomb and Lorentz forces. To estimate the size of the ... More

Energy gap formation in a valence fluctuating compound CeIrSb probed by Sb NMR and NQRJan 24 2007Sb-NMR/NQR study has revealed a formation of a pseudogap at the Fermi level in the density of states in a valence fluctuating compound CeIrSb. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate divided by temperature, 1/T_1T has a maximum around 300 K and decreases ... More

Exemplar-Based Word Sense Disambiguation: Some Recent ImprovementsJun 10 1997In this paper, we report recent improvements to the exemplar-based learning approach for word sense disambiguation that have achieved higher disambiguation accuracy. By using a larger value of $k$, the number of nearest neighbors to use for determining ... More

Searches for the role of spin and polarization in gravity: a five-year updateJan 30 2015Searches for the role of spin in gravitation dated before the firm establishment of the electron spin in 1925. Since mass and spin, or helicity in the case of zero mass, are the Casimir invariants of the Poincar\'e group and mass participates in universal ... More

Equivalence Principles, Lense-Thirring Effects, and Solar-System Tests of Cosmological ModelsApr 09 2012In this talk, we review the empirical status for modern gravitational theories with emphases on (i) Equivalence Principles; (ii) Lense-Thirring effects and the implications of Gravity Probe B experiment; (iii) Solar-System Tests of Cosmological Models. ... More

On spacetime structure and electrodynamicsOct 10 2016Since almost all phenomena electrodynamics deal with have energy scales much lower than the Higgs mass energy and intermediate boson energy, electrodynamics of continuous media should be applicable and the constitutive relation of spacetime/vacuum should ... More

Spacetime structure and asymmetric metric from the premetric formulation of electromagnetismNov 03 2014After reviewing the construction of metric from premetric electrodynamics with empirical improvement of accuracy in the skewonless case, we explore the role of skewons in the construction of spacetime metric in the full premetric electrodynamics. For ... More

ASTROD-GW: Overview and ProgressDec 12 2012Dec 16 2012In this paper, we present an overview of ASTROD-GW (ASTROD [Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices] optimized for Gravitational Wave [GW] detection) mission concept and its studies. ASTROD-GW is an optimization of ASTROD which focuses ... More

Dark energy, co-evolution of massive black holes with galaxies, and ASTROD-GWApr 26 2011Sep 19 2012The detection of low frequency band (100 nHz-100 mHz) and very low frequency band (300 pHz-100 nHz) gravitational waves (GWs) is important for exploration of the equation of state of dark energy and the co-evolution of massive black holes (MBHs) with ... More

Gravitational waves, dark energy and inflationMar 20 2010In this paper we first present a complete classification of gravitational waves according to their frequencies: (i) Ultra high frequency band (above 1 THz); (ii) Very high frequency band (100 kHz - 1 THz); (iii) High frequency band (10 Hz - 100 kHz); ... More

Skewon field and cosmic wave propagationDec 11 2013Mar 01 2014For the study of the gravitational coupling of electromagnetism and the equivalence principle, we have used the spacetime constitutive tensor density {chi}ijkl, and discovered the nonmetric (axion) part (A){chi}ijkl (equal to {phi}eijkl) of {chi}ijkl ... More

Searches for the role of spin and polarization in gravityDec 27 2009Spin is fundamental in physics. Gravitation is universal. Searches for the role of spin in gravitation dated before the firm establishment of the electron spin in 1925. Since mass and spin or helicity in the case of zero mass are the only invariants of ... More

Cosmic Polarization Rotation, Cosmological Models, and the Detectability of Primordial Gravitational WavesMar 04 2009CMB (Cosmic Microwave Background) polarization observations test many aspects of cosmological models. Effective pseudoscalar-photon interaction(s) would induce a rotation of linear polarization of electromagnetic wave propagating with cosmological distance ... More

Super-ASTROD: Probing primordial gravitational waves and mapping the outer solar systemDec 04 2008Jan 30 2009Super-ASTROD (Super Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices or ASTROD III) is a mission concept with 3-5 spacecraft in 5 AU orbits together with an Earth-Sun L1/L2 spacecraft ranging optically with one another to probe primordial ... More

Deep-space laser-ranging missions ASTROD (Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices) and ASTROD I for astrodynamics and astrometryOct 30 2007Deep-space laser ranging will be ideal for testing relativistic gravity, and mapping the solar-system to an unprecedented accuracy. ASTROD (Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices) and ASTROD I are such missions. ASTROD I is a mission ... More

Probing the Microscopic Origin of Gravity via Precision Polarization and Spin ExperimentsJul 29 2004As in other parts of physics, we advocate the interaction approach: experiments <--> phenomenology <--> low-energy effective (field) theory <--> microscopic theory to probe the microscopic origin of gravity. Using chi-g phenomenological framework, we ... More

Quasilinear quantum magnetoresistance in pressure-induced nonsymmorphic superconductor CrAsDec 22 2016In conventional metals, modification of electron trajectories under magnetic field gives rise to a magnetoresistance that varies quadratically at low field, followed by a saturation at high field for closed orbits on the Fermi surface. Deviations from ... More

Emergent Weyl fermion excitations in TaP explored by 181-Ta quadrupole resonanceNov 22 2016The $^{181}$Ta quadrupole resonance (NQR) technique has been utilized to investigate the microscopic magnetic properties of the Weyl semi-metal TaP. We found three zero-field NQR signals associated with the transition between the quadrupole split levels ... More

Orbit optimization and time delay interferometry for inclined ASTROD-GW formation with half-year precession-periodSep 15 2014ASTROD-GW (ASTROD [Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices] optimized for Gravitational Wave detection) is a gravitational-wave mission with the aim of detecting gravitational waves from massive black holes, extreme mass ratio inspirals ... More

Numerical simulation of time delay interferometry for new LISA, TAIJI and other LISA-like missionsJul 28 2017Dec 10 2017The success of LISA Pathfinder in demonstrating the LISA drag-free requirement paved the road of using space missions for detecting low-frequency and middle-frequency GWs. The new LISA GW mission proposes to use arm length of 2.5 Gm (1 Gm = 106 km). The ... More

Light deflection in the second post-Newtonian approximation of scalar-tensor theory of gravityNov 02 2007In this paper, we use the metric coefficients and the equation of motion in the 2nd post-Newtonian approximation in scalar-tensor theory including intermediate range gravity to derive the deflection of light and compare it with previous works. These results ... More

Acceleration disturbances and requirements for ASTROD IJun 02 2005Jun 15 2006ASTRODynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices I (ASTROD I) mainly aims at testing relativistic gravity and measuring the solar-system parameters with high precision, by carrying out laser ranging between a spacecraft in a solar orbit and ... More

A Question-Focused Multi-Factor Attention Network for Question AnsweringJan 25 2018Neural network models recently proposed for question answering (QA) primarily focus on capturing the passage-question relation. However, they have minimal capability to link relevant facts distributed across multiple sentences which is crucial in achieving ... More

General relativity and cosmologySep 15 2015This year marks the hundredth anniversary of Einstein's 1915 landmark paper "Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation" in which the field equations of general relativity were correctly formulated for the first time, thus rendering general relativity a complete ... More

Numerical simulation of time delay interferometry for eLISA/NGOApr 10 2012Jan 30 2013eLISA/NGO is a new gravitational wave detection proposal with arm length of 10^6 km and one interferometer down-scaled from LISA. Just like LISA and ASTROD-GW, in order to attain the requisite sensitivity for eLISA/NGO, laser frequency noise must be suppressed ... More

Nonsaturating large magnetoresistance in the high carrier density nonsymmorphic metal CrPMar 14 2019The band structure of high carrier density metal CrP features an interesting crossing at the Y point of the Brillouin zone. The crossing, which is protected by the nonsymmorphic symmetry of the space group, results in a hybrid, semi-Dirac-like energy-momentum ... More

Improving Statistical Machine Translation for a Resource-Poor Language Using Related Resource-Rich LanguagesJan 23 2014We propose a novel language-independent approach for improving machine translation for resource-poor languages by exploiting their similarity to resource-rich ones. More precisely, we improve the translation from a resource-poor source language X_1 into ... More

Precision requirements and innovative manufacturing for ultrahigh precision laser interferometry of gravitational-wave astronomyOct 11 2016With the LIGO announcement of the first direct detection of gravitational waves (GWs), the GW Astronomy was formally ushered into our age. After one-hundred years of theoretical investigation and fifty years of experimental endeavor, this is a historical ... More

Non-minimal coupling of photons and axionsNov 16 2009Mar 01 2010We establish a new self-consistent system of equations accounting for a non-minimal interaction of gravitational, electromagnetic and axion fields. The procedure is based on a non-minimal extension of the standard Einstein-Maxwell-axion action. The general ... More

The Low Frequency Sensitivity to Gravitational Waves for ASTRODApr 25 2007ASTROD is a relativity mission concept encompassing multi-purposes. One of its main purposes is to detect gravitational waves sensitive to low-frequency band similar to LISA, but shifted to lower frequencies. In this aspect, ASTROD would complement LISA ... More

Orbit Simulation for the Determination of Relativistic and Solar-System Parameters for the ASTROD Space MissionJul 28 2004ASTROD (Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices) mission concept is to conduct high-precision measurement of relativistic effects,solar-system parameters and gravitational waves. In this paper, we first extend the stochastic model ... More

Neural Network Translation Models for Grammatical Error CorrectionJun 01 2016Phrase-based statistical machine translation (SMT) systems have previously been used for the task of grammatical error correction (GEC) to achieve state-of-the-art accuracy. The superiority of SMT systems comes from their ability to learn text transformations ... More

To Swap or Not to Swap? Exploiting Dependency Word Pairs for Reordering in Statistical Machine TranslationAug 03 2016Reordering poses a major challenge in machine translation (MT) between two languages with significant differences in word order. In this paper, we present a novel reordering approach utilizing sparse features based on dependency word pairs. Each instance ... More

Deployment and simulation of the ASTROD-GW formationDec 06 2012Jan 18 2013Constellation or formation flying is a common concept in space Gravitational Wave (GW) mission proposals for the required interferometry implementation. The spacecraft of most of these mission proposals go to deep space and many have Earthlike orbits ... More

Propagation of Dirac Wave Functions in Accelerated Frames of ReferenceJul 30 2004The first-order gravity effects of Dirac wave functions are found from the inertial effects in the accelerated frames of reference. Derivations and discussions about Lense-Thirring effect and the gyrogravitational ratio for intrinsic spin are presented. ... More

Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices I (ASTROD I) - Mission OverviewDec 15 2012ASTROD I is the first planned space mission in a series of ASTROD missions for testing relativity in space using optical devices. The main aims are: (i) to test General Relativity with an improvement of three orders of magnitude compared to current results, ... More

Integrating Multiple Knowledge Sources to Disambiguate Word Sense: An Exemplar-Based ApproachJun 29 1996In this paper, we present a new approach for word sense disambiguation (WSD) using an exemplar-based learning algorithm. This approach integrates a diverse set of knowledge sources to disambiguate word sense, including part of speech of neighboring words, ... More

Proton radius puzzle and large extra dimensionsMar 20 2013May 23 2013We propose a theoretical scenario to solve the proton radius puzzle which recently arises from the muonic hydrogen experiment. In this framework, 4 + n dimensional theory is incorporated with modified gravity. The extra gravitational interaction between ... More

Anomalous character of the axion-photon coupling in a magnetic field distorted by a pp-wave gravitational backgroundMar 26 2014We study the problem of axion-photon coupling in the magnetic field influenced by gravitational radiation. We focus on exact solutions to the equations for axion electrodynamics in the pp-wave gravitational background for two models with initially constant ... More

Laser Ranging Delay in the Bi-Metric Theory of GravityJan 18 2006Mar 02 2006We introduce a linearized bi-metric theory of gravity with two metrics. The metric g_{ab} describes null hypersurfaces of the gravitational field while light moves on null hypersurfaces of the optical metric \bar{g}_{ab}. Bi-metrism naturally arises in ... More

Asteroid Perturbations and Mass Determination for the ASTROD Space MissionJul 29 2004Due to the high-precision nature of the ASTROD (Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices) mission concept, the asteroid perturbations on the ASTROD spacecraft is crucial. These perturbations need to be modelled and determined together ... More

Rotatable-Torsion-Balance Equivalence Principleexperiment for the Spin-Polarized Hofe_{3}Sep 04 2000We use a rotatable torsion balance to perform an equivalence principle test on a magnetically shielded spin-polarized body of HoFe_{3}. With a rotation period of one hour, the period of possible signal is reduced from one solar day by 24 times, and hence ... More

A brief history of gravitational wave researchOct 27 2016For the benefit of the readers of this journal, the editors requested that we prepare a brief review of the history of the development of the theory, the experimental attempts to detect them, and the recent direct observations of gravitational waves (GWs). ... More

Gravitational waves: Classification, Methods of detection, Sensitivities, and SourcesNov 01 2015After giving a brief introduction and presenting a complete classification of gravitational waves (GWs) according to their frequencies, we review and summarize the detection methods, the sensitivities, and the sources. We notice that real-time detections ... More

Q & A Experiment to Search for Vacuum Dichroism, Pseudoscalar-Photon Interaction and Millicharged FermionsNov 28 2006A number of experiments are underway to detect vacuum birefringence and dichroism -- PVLAS, Q & A, and BMV. Recently, PVLAS experiment has observed optical rotation in vacuum by a magnetic field (vacuum dichroism). Theoretical interpretations of this ... More

ASTROD, ASTROD I and their gravitational-wave sensitivitiesSep 02 2003ASTROD (Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices) is a mission concept with three spacecraft -- one near L1/L2 point, one with an inner solar orbit and one with an outer solar orbit, ranging coherently with one another using lasers ... More

Exploiting N-Best Hypotheses to Improve an SMT Approach to Grammatical Error CorrectionJun 01 2016Grammatical error correction (GEC) is the task of detecting and correcting grammatical errors in texts written by second language learners. The statistical machine translation (SMT) approach to GEC, in which sentences written by second language learners ... More

Second post-Newtonian approximation of scalar-tensor theory of gravityApr 23 2007Jul 28 2009Deep space laser ranging missions like ASTROD I (Single-Spacecraft Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices) and ASTROD, together with astrometry missions like GAIA and LATOR will be able to test relativistic gravity to an unprecedented ... More

Building a 3.5 m prototype interferometer for the Q & A vacuum birefringence experiment and high precision ellipsometryAug 21 2003Aug 22 2003We have built and tested a 3.5 m high-finesse Fabry-Perot prototype inteferometer with a precision ellipsometer for the QED test and axion search (Q & A) experiment. We use X-pendulum-double-pendulum suspension designs and automatic control schemes developed ... More

Test of Cosmic Spatial Isotropy for Polarized Electrons Using a Rotatable Torsion BalanceSep 04 2000To test the cosmic spatial isotropy, we use a rotatable torsion balance carrying a transversely spin-polarized ferrimagnetic Dy_{6}Fe_{23} mass. With a rotation period of one hour, the period of anisotropy signal is reduced from one sidereal day by about ... More

Exploiting Document Knowledge for Aspect-level Sentiment ClassificationJun 12 2018Attention-based long short-term memory (LSTM) networks have proven to be useful in aspect-level sentiment classification. However, due to the difficulties in annotating aspect-level data, existing public datasets for this task are all relatively small, ... More

A brief history of gravitational wave researchOct 27 2016Nov 22 2016For the benefit of the readers of this journal, the editors requested that we prepare a brief review of the history of the development of the theory, the experimental attempts to detect them, and the recent direct observations of gravitational waves (GWs). ... More

Loop quantization of spherically symmetric midisuperspaces and loop quantum geometry of the maximally extended Schwarzschild spacetimeDec 06 2012Jan 25 2013We elaborate on the Ashtekar's formalism for spherically symmetric midisuperspaces and, for loop quantization, propound a new quantization scheme which yields a graph-preserving Hamiltonian constraint operator and by which one can impose the fundamental ... More

Fifth ASTROD Symposium and Outlook of Direct Gravitational-Wave DetectionOct 28 2012From July 11 to July 13, 2012, Raman Research Institute (Bangalore, India) hosted the Fifth International ASTROD Symposium on Laser Astrodynamics, Space Test of Relativity and Gravitational-Wave Astronomy. This is a report on the symposium with an exposition ... More

Pseudoscalar-photon Interactions, Axions, Non-Minimal Extensions, and Their Empirical Constraints from ObservationsSep 03 2011Pseudoscalar-photon interactions were proposed in the study of the relations among equivalence principles. The interaction of pseudoscalar axion with gluons was proposed as a way to solve the strong CP problem. Subsequent proposal of axion as a dark matter ... More

Extra dimensions and atomic transition frequenciesJun 27 2007New unification theories predict Large Extra Dimensions (LEDs). If that is the case, gravity would be stronger at short ranges than what Newtonian gravity predicts. LEDs could also have effects at atomic level. In this paper we propose a new method to ... More

Adaptive Semi-supervised Learning for Cross-domain Sentiment ClassificationSep 03 2018We consider the cross-domain sentiment classification problem, where a sentiment classifier is to be learned from a source domain and to be generalized to a target domain. Our approach explicitly minimizes the distance between the source and the target ... More

New Constraints on Cosmic Polarization Rotation from B-Mode Polarization in Cosmic Microwave BackgroundApr 07 2014Jul 08 2014STPpol, POLARBEAR and BICEP2 have recently measured the cosmic microwave background (CMB) B-mode polarization in various sky regions of several tens of square degrees and obtained BB power spectra in the multipole range 20-3000, detecting the components ... More

Quantum Gravity: A Brief History of Ideas and Some ProspectsJul 29 2015We present a bird's-eye survey on the development of fundamental ideas of quantum gravity, placing emphasis on perturbative approaches, string theory, loop quantum gravity, and black hole thermodynamics. The early ideas at the dawn of quantum gravity ... More

Suspension of the fiber mode-cleaner launcher and measurement of the high extinction-ratio (10^{-9}) ellipsometer for the Q & A experimentAug 22 2005Jan 25 2006The Q & A experiment, first proposed and started in 1994, provides a feasible way of exploring the quantum vacuum through the detection of vacuum birefringence effect generated by QED loop diagram and the detection of the polarization rotation effect ... More

Ellipsometry noise spectrum, suspension transfer function measurement and closed-loop control of the suspension system in the Q & A experimentAug 24 2005Dec 01 2005The Q & A experiment, aiming at the detection of vacuum birefringence predicted by quantum electrodynamics, consists mainly of a suspended 3.5 m Fabry-Perot cavity, a rotating permanent dipole magnet and an ellipsometer. The 2.3 T magnet can rotate up ... More

A PDTB-Styled End-to-End Discourse ParserNov 03 2010We have developed a full discourse parser in the Penn Discourse Treebank (PDTB) style. Our trained parser first identifies all discourse and non-discourse relations, locates and labels their arguments, and then classifies their relation types. When appropriate, ... More

Foundations of Classical Electrodynamics, Equivalence Principle and Cosmic Interactions: A Short Exposition and an UpdateApr 04 2012We look at the foundations of electromagnetism in this 1st LeCosPA Symposium. For doing this, after some review (constraints on photon mass etc.), we use two approaches. The first one is to formulate a Parametrized Post-Maxwellian (PPM) framework to include ... More

Superconductivity of 2.2 K under Pressure in Helimagnet CrAsJul 05 2014Aug 04 2014We report resistivity measurements of the helimagnet CrAs under pressures. The helimagnetic transition with T_N ~ 265 K at ambient pressure is completely suppressed above a critical pressure of P_c ~ 0.7 GPa, and superconductivity is observed at ~2.2 ... More

Axion Search with Q & A ExperimentJan 25 2010Jan 31 2010Dark matter is a focused issue in galactic evolution and cosmology. Axion is a viable particle candidate for dark matter. Its interaction with photon is an effective way to detect it, e.g., pseudoscalar-photon interaction will generate vacuum dichroism ... More

Astrodynamical Space Test of Relativity using Optical Devices I (ASTROD I) - A class-M fundamental physics mission proposal for Cosmic Vision 2015-2025: 2010 UpdateApr 01 2011This paper on ASTROD I is based on our 2010 proposal submitted for the ESA call for class-M mission proposals, and is a sequel and an update to our previous paper [Experimental Astronomy 23 (2009) 491-527; designated as Paper I] which was based on our ... More

Pressure Dependence of Superconducting Transition Temperature on Perovskite-Type Fe-Based Superconductors and NMR Study of Sr2VFeAsO3Sep 28 2010We report the pressure dependences of the superconducting transition temperature (T_c) in several perovskite-type Fe-based superconductors through the resistivity measurements up to ~4 GPa. In Ca_4(Mg,Ti)_3Fe_2As_2O_y with the highest T_c of 47 K in the ... More

Measurement of the Cotton-Mouton effect in nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon, and krypton with the Q & A apparatusDec 17 2008Feb 11 2009Experiments for vacuum birefringence and vacuum dichroism have been set up with high-finesse high magnetic experimental apparatuses, which seem to be ideal for small gaseous Cotton-Mouton effect (CME) measurements. PVLAS Collaboration has measured CMEs ... More

Orbit Design for Space Atom-Interferometer AIGSOMay 02 2019Atom Interferometric Gravitational-wave (GW) Space Observatory (AIGSO) is a mission concept mainly aimed at the middle-frequency (0.1 Hz - 10 Hz) GW detection. AIGSO proposes to have three spacecraft in linear formation with extension of 10 km. The three ... More

Total dose radiation and annealing responses of the back transistor of Silicon-On-Insulator pMOSFETsDec 17 2014The total dose radiation and annealing responses of the back transistor of Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) pMOSFETs have been studied by comparing with those of the back transistor of SOI nMOSFETs fabricated on the same wafer. The transistors were irradiated ... More

Possible Superconducting Symmetry and Magnetic Correlations in K0.8Fe2Se2: A 77Se-NMR StudyJan 24 2011Apr 12 2011We report ^77Se-NMR measurements in the recent discovered K_0.8Fe_2Se_2 with the superconducting transition temperature T_c=32 K. The characteristic point of this system is that the high density of state is located in the vicinity of the Fermi level. ... More

Phase diagram of CeRuPO under pressure investigated by $^{31}$P-NMR - Comparison between CeRuPO under pressure and the Ce(Ru$_{1-x}$Fe$_{x}$)PO system -Oct 08 2014We have performed $^{31}$P-NMR measurements on single-crystalline CeRuPO under pressure in order to understand the variation in magnetic character against pressure. The NMR spectra for $H \perp c$ and $H \parallel c$ at 2.15GPa split below the ordered ... More

Strong Suppression of Coherence Effect and Appearance of Pseudogap in Layered Nitride Superconductor Li_xZrNCl: ^91Zr- and ^15N- NMR StudiesJul 11 2014We present NMR measurements of the layered nitride superconductor Li_xZrNCl. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate, 1/T_1, shows that the coherence peak is strongly suppressed in Li_xZrNCl in contrast to conventional BCS superconductors. In the lightly-doped ... More