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quantum interference in bosonic and fermionic matter-wave amplificationOct 25 2002We investigate the quantum interference effects in two types of matter-wave mixing experiments: one with initial matter waves prepared in independent Fock states (type I) and the other with each individual particle prepared in a same coherent superposition ... More

A Batch, Off-Policy, Actor-Critic Algorithm for Optimizing the Average RewardJul 18 2016We develop an off-policy actor-critic algorithm for learning an optimal policy from a training set composed of data from multiple individuals. This algorithm is developed with a view towards its use in mobile health.

The oxygen abundance calibrations and N/O abundance ratios of ~40,000 SDSS star-forming galaxiesJul 05 2006Using a large sample of 38,478 star-forming galaxies selected from the Second Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey database (SDSS-DR2), we derive analytical calibrations for oxygen abundances from several metallicity-sensitive emission-line ratios: ... More

Scheduling of EV Battery Swapping, II: Distributed SolutionsNov 30 2016In Part I of this paper we formulate an optimal scheduling problem for battery swapping that assigns to each electric vehicle (EV) a best station to swap its depleted battery based on its current location and state of charge. The schedule aims to minimize ... More

A Surface Reconstruction with a Fractional Hole: $(\sqrt{5}\times\sqrt{5}) R26.6^\circ$ LaAlO$_3$ (001)Nov 12 2006The structure of the $(\sqrt{5}\times\sqrt{5})R26.6^\circ$ reconstruction of LaAlO$_3$ (001) has been determined using transmission electron diffraction combined with direct methods. The structure is relatively simple, consisting of a lanthanum oxide ... More

Design of an optical reference cavity with low thermal noise and flexible thermal expansion propertiesApr 05 2012An ultrastable optical reference cavity with re-entrant fused silica mirrors and a ULE spacer structure is designed through finite element analysis. The designed cavity has a low thermal noise limit of $1\times10^{-16}$ and a flexible zero crossing temperature ... More

Determination of the positions and orientations of concentrated rod-like colloids from 3D microscopy dataJun 19 2014Confocal microscopy in combination with real-space particle tracking has proven to be a powerful tool in scientific fields such as soft matter physics, materials science and cell biology. However, 3D tracking of anisotropic particles in concentrated phases ... More

Verifying multi-partite mode entanglement of W statesMar 04 2009We construct a method for verifying mode entanglement of N-mode W states. The ideal W state contains exactly one excitation symmetrically shared between N modes, but our method takes the existence of higher numbers of excitations into account, as well ... More

Empirical strong-line oxygen abundance calibrations from galaxies with electron temperature measurementsOct 03 2006We determine the gas-phase oxygen abundance for a sample of 695 galaxies and H II regions with reliable detections of [O III]4363, using the temperature-sensitive Te method. Our aims are to estimate the validity of empirical methods such as R23, R23-P, ... More

Comparing the Host Galaxies of Type Ia, Type II and Type Ibc SupernovaeJul 02 2014We compare the host galaxies of 902 supernovae, including SNe Ia, SNe II and SNe Ibc, which are selected by cross-matching the Asiago Supernova Catalog with the SDSS Data Release 7. We further selected 213 galaxies by requiring the light fraction of spectral ... More

Distributed Data-Processing Pipeline for Mingantu Ultrawide Spectral RadioheliographDec 20 2016The Chinese Spectral RadioHeliograph (CSRH) is a synthetic aperture radio interferometer built in Inner Mongolia, China. As a solar-dedicated interferometric array, CSRH is capable of producing high quality radio images at frequency range from 400 MHz ... More

Observation of topological transition in high-T$_{c}$ superconductor FeTe$_{1-x}$Se$_{x}$/SrTiO$_{3}$(001) monolayersMar 14 2019Superconductors with topological surface or edge states have been intensively explored for the prospect of realizing Majorana bound states, which obey non-Abelian statistics and are crucial for topological quantum computation. The traditional routes for ... More

An Unprecedented Constraint on Water Content in the Sunlit Lunar Exosphere Seen by Lunar-Based Ultraviolet Telescope of Chang'e-3 MissionFeb 15 2015The content of $\mathrm{OH/H_2O}$ molecules in the tenuous exosphere of the Moon is still an open issue at present. We here report an unprecedented upper limit of the content of the OH radicals, which is obtained from the in-situ measurements carried ... More

Experimental Results and Theoretical Developments of Muon g-2Aug 31 2004Sep 14 2004The anomalous magnetic moments of both positive and negative muons are measured to the precision of 0.7 parts per million. Two values are in good agreement. The standard model calculations of muon g-2 are under further studies, especially the descrepancies ... More

Power-Law Distributions in a Two-sided Market and Net NeutralityOct 16 2016"Net neutrality" often refers to the policy dictating that an Internet service provider (ISP) cannot charge content providers (CPs) for delivering their content to consumers. Many past quantitative models designed to determine whether net neutrality is ... More

18-Months Operation of Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope: A Highly Stable Photometric PerformanceOct 06 2015We here report the photometric performance of Lunar-based Ultraviolet telescope (LUT), the first robotic telescope working on the Moon, for its 18-months operation. In total, 17 IUE standards have been observed in 51 runs until June 2015, which returns ... More

The Meissner and Mesoscopic Superconducting States in 1-4 Unit-Cell FeSe-Films up to 80 KNov 25 2013Recent reports of interface-induced superconductivity in the unit-cell films of FeSe on SrTiO3 with a Tc up to ~ 65+-5 K, highest among the Fe-based superconductors and second only to that of the cuprates, have generated great excitement. Here we show ... More

Galaxy disc central surface brightness distribution in the optical and near-infrared bandsJan 29 2019To study the disc central surface brightness ($\mu_0$) distribution in optical and near-infrared bands, we select 708 disc-dominated galaxies within a fixed distance of 57 Mpc from SDSS DR7 and UKIDSS DR10. Then we fit $\mu_0$ distribution by using single ... More

Surface-induced positive planar Hall effect in topological Kondo insulator SmB6 microribbonsFeb 20 2019Whether the surface states in SmB6 are topological is still a critical issue in the field of topological Kondo insulators. In the magneto-transport study of single crystalline SmB6 microribbons, we have revealed a positive planar Hall effect (PHE), the ... More

Characterizing the Topography of Multi-dimensional Energy LandscapesFeb 02 2014A basic issue in optimization, inverse theory,neural networks, computational chemistry and many other problems is the geometrical characterization of high dimensional functions. In inverse calculations one aims to characterize the set of models that fit ... More

Protecting Superconducting Qubits with Universal Quantum Degeneracy PointAug 22 2013Oct 01 2013Low-frequency noise can induce serious decoherence in superconducting qubits. Due to its diverse physical origin, such noise can couple with the qubits either as transverse or as longitudinal noise. Here, we present a universal quantum degeneracy point ... More

LSS-GAC - A LAMOST Spectroscopic Survey of the Galactic Anti-centerJun 23 2013As a major component of the LAMOST Galactic surveys, the LAMOST Spectroscopic Survey of the Galactic Anti-center (LSS-GAC) will survey a significant volume of the Galactic thin/thick disks and halo in a contiguous sky area of ~ 3,400sq.deg., centered ... More

Neutron scattering study of commensurate magnetic ordering in single crystal CeSb$_2$Feb 21 2019Temperature and field-dependent magnetization $M(H,T)$ measurements and neutron scattering study of a single crystal CeSb$_2$ are presented. Several anomalies in the magnetization curves have been confirmed at low magnetic field, i.e., 15.6 K, 12 K, and ... More

Time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of solids in the extreme ultraviolet at 500 kHz repetition rateNov 16 2018Feb 13 2019Time- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (trARPES) employing a 500 kHz extreme-ultravioled (XUV) light source operating at 21.7 eV probe photon energy is reported. Based on a high-power ytterbium laser, optical parametric chirped pulse amplification ... More

Spectroscopy of the Type Ic Supernova SN\,2017iuk Associated with Low-redshift GRB\,171205AOct 08 2018We here report a spectroscopic monitor for the supernova SN\,2017iuk associated with the long-duration low-luminosity gamma-ray burst GRB\,171205A at a redshift of 0.037, which is up to now the third GRB-SN event away from us. Our spectroscopic observations ... More

A large sample of low surface brightness disk galaxies from the SDSS. I: The sample and the stellar populationsSep 18 2008We present the properties of a large sample (12,282) of nearly face-on low surface brightness (LSB) disk galaxies selected from the main galaxy sample of SDSS-DR4. These properties include B-band central surface brightness mu_0(B), scale lengths h, integrated ... More

The properties of a large sample of low surface brightness galaxies from SDSSOct 11 2009A large sample of low surface brightness (LSB) disk galaxies is selected from SDSS with B-band central surface brightness mu_0(B) from 22 to 24.5 mag arcsec^(-2). Some of their properties are studied, such as magnitudes, surface brightness, scalelengths, ... More

Formation of Long Single Quantum Dots in High Quality InSb Nanowires Grown by Molecular Beam EpitaxyAug 13 2015We report on realization and transport spectroscopy study of single quantum dots (QDs) made from InSb nanowires grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The nanowires employed are 50-80 nm in diameter and the QDs are defined in the nanowires between the ... More

Observability of the scalar Aharonov-Bohm effect inside a 3D Faraday cage with time-varying exterior charges and massesNov 13 2014In this paper we investigate the scalar Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect in two of its forms, i.e., its electric form and its gravitational form. The standard form of the electric AB effect involves having particles (such as electrons) move in regions with zero ... More

A large sample of low surface brightness disc galaxies from the SDSS- II. Metallicities in surface brightness binsApr 21 2010We study the spectroscopic properties of a large sample of Low Surface Brightness galaxies (LSBGs) (with B-band central surface brightness mu0(B)>22 mag arcsec^(-2)) selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 4 (SDSS-DR4) main galaxy sample. ... More

Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memoryDec 20 2007Dec 23 2007Recent developments of quantum information science critically rely on entanglement, an intriguing aspect of quantum mechanics where parts of a composite system can exhibit correlations stronger than any classical counterpart. In particular, scalable quantum ... More

The blue stragglers formed via mass transfer in old open clustersApr 13 2006May 09 2006In this paper, we present the simulations for the primordial blue stragglers in the old open cluster M67 based on detailed modelling of the evolutionary processes. The principal aim is to discuss the contribution of mass transfer between the components ... More

Finite difference schemes for the tempered fractional LaplacianNov 14 2017The second and all higher order moments of the $\beta$-stable L\'{e}vy process diverge, the feature of which is sometimes referred to as shortcoming of the model when applied to physical processes. So, a parameter $\lambda$ is introduced to exponentially ... More

Pseudospin-lattice coupling in the spin-orbit Mott insulator Sr2IrO4Aug 21 2018Sep 04 2018Spin-orbit entangled magnetic dipoles, often referred to as pseudospins, provide a new avenue to explore novel magnetism inconceivable in the weak spin-orbit coupling limit, but the nature of their low-energy interactions remains to be understood. We ... More

Photometric Calibration on Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope for Its First Six Months of Operation on Lunar SurfaceDec 12 2014We reported the photometric calibration of Lunar-based Ultraviolet telescope (LUT), the first robotic astronomical telescope working on the lunar surface, for its first six months of operation on the lunar surface. Two spectral datasets (set A and B) ... More

Enhancing structure relaxations for first-principles codes: an approximate Hessian approachAug 15 2006Nov 13 2006We present a method for improving the speed of geometry relaxation by using a harmonic approximation for the interaction potential between nearest neighbor atoms to construct an initial Hessian estimate. The model is quite robust, and yields approximately ... More

Transport properties across the many-body localization transition in quasiperiodic and random systemsJul 10 2017Sep 19 2017We theoretically study transport properties in one-dimensional interacting quasiperiodic systems at infinite temperature. We compare and contrast the dynamical transport properties across the many-body localization (MBL) transition in quasiperiodic and ... More

Decoherence induced deformation of the ground state in adiabatic quantum computationAug 17 2012Mar 29 2013Despite more than a decade of research on adiabatic quantum computation (AQC), its decoherence properties are still poorly understood. Many theoretical works have suggested that AQC is more robust against decoherence, but a quantitative relation between ... More

A universal description of pseudorapidity distributions in both nucleus-nucleus and p-p collisions at now available energy regionsFeb 03 2016Investigations have shown that the collective motion not only appears in nucleus-nucleus but also in p-p collisions. The best tool for depicting such collective motion is relativistic hydrodynamics. In this paper, the collective motion is assumed obeying ... More

Hole-Doped Cuprate High Temperature SuperconductorsFeb 16 2015Hole-doped cuprate high temperature superconductors have ushered in the modern era of high temperature superconductivity (HTS) and have continued to be at center stage in the field. Extensive studies have been made, many compounds discovered, voluminous ... More

Quantum Levy flights and multifractality of dipolar excitations in a random systemApr 13 2016We consider dipolar excitations propagating via dipole-induced exchange among immobile molecules randomly spaced in a lattice. The character of the propagation is determined by long-range hops (Levy flights). We analyze the eigen-energy spectra and the ... More

Global solutions of the gravity-capillary water-wave system in three dimensionsJan 21 2016May 23 2018In this paper we prove global regularity for the full water waves system in 3 dimensions for small data, under the influence of both gravity and surface tension. This problem presents essential difficulties which were absent in all of the earlier global ... More

The Optical/Near-Infrared Light Curves of SN 2002ap for the First 140 Days after DiscoveryApr 01 2003Supernova (SN) 2002ap in M74 was observed in the $UBVRIJHK$ bands for the first 40 days following its discovery (2002 January 29) until it disappeared because of solar conjunction, and then in June after it reappeared. The magnitudes and dates of peak ... More

Global solutions of the gravity-capillary water wave system in 3 dimensionsJan 21 2016In this paper we prove global regularity for the full water waves system in 3 dimensions for small data, under the influence of both gravity and surface tension.

Does Reactor Neutrino Experiment Play an Important Role in Theta_{13} of Lepton Mixing (PMNS) Matrix ?Sep 14 2004Sep 26 2004Reactor neutrinos play an important role in determining parameter theta_{13} in the lepton mixing (PMNS) matrix. A next important step on measuring PMNS matrix could be to build another reactor neutrino experiment, for example, DaYa bay in China, to search ... More

Relation between $M_{BH}$ and $M_{bulge}$: A simulation studyAug 08 2001The dynamical evolution of super star clusters (SSCs) moving in the background of dark matter halo has been investigated as a possible event causing the observed correlation between the mass of galactic bulge, $M_{bulge}$, and the mass of its central ... More

Pairing Correlations Near a Kondo-Destruction Quantum Critical PointAug 04 2013Dec 03 2015Motivated by the unconventional superconductivity observed in heavy-fermion metals, we investigate pairing susceptibilities near a continuous quantum phase transition of the Kondo-destruction type. We solve two-impurity Bose-Fermi Anderson models with ... More

SecComp: Towards Practically Defending Against Component Hijacking in Android ApplicationsSep 12 2016Sep 13 2016Cross-app collaboration via inter-component communication is a fundamental mechanism on Android. Although it brings the benefits such as functionality reuse and data sharing, a threat called component hijacking is also introduced. By hijacking a vulnerable ... More

Graphical virtual links and a polynomial of signed cyclic graphsDec 18 2017May 31 2018For a signed cyclic graph G, we can construct a unique virtual link L by taking the medial construction and convert 4-valent vertices of the medial graph to crossings according to the signs. If a virtual link can occur in this way then we say that the ... More

Bose-Einstein Condensates with Cavity-Mediated Spin-Orbit CouplingSep 03 2013We propose a novel scheme to generate the spin-orbit coupling for a condensate placed inside an optical cavity by using a standing wave and a traveling wave. It is shown that the interplay of the laser lights and the cavity gives rise to rich quantum ... More

Renewal theory with fat tailed distributed sojourn times: typical versus rareSep 16 2018Oct 25 2018Renewal processes with heavy-tailed power law distributed sojourn times are commonly encountered in physical modelling and so typical fluctuations of observables of interest have been investigated in detail. To describe rare events the rate function approach ... More

Exotic Topological States with Raman-Induced Spin-Orbit CouplingJul 18 2016We propose a simple experimental scheme to realize simultaneously the one-dimensional spin-orbit coupling and the staggered spin-flip in ultracold pseudospin-$1/2$ atomic Fermi gases trapped in square optical lattices. In the absence of interspecies interactions, ... More

Formation of bulges in very late-type galaxies from SSCsOct 18 2002The dynamical evolution of super star clusters (SSCs) moving in the background of a dark matter halo has been investigated as a possible event responsible for the formation of bulges in late-type spirals. The underlying physical processes include sinking ... More

Exotic Topological States with Raman-Induced Spin-Orbit CouplingJul 18 2016Feb 13 2017We propose a simple experimental scheme to realize simultaneously the one-dimensional spin-orbit coupling and the staggered spin-flip in ultracold pseudospin-$1/2$ atomic Fermi gases trapped in square optical lattices. In the absence of interspecies interactions, ... More

Direct laser cooling Al+ ions optical clocksSep 13 2016Al$^+$ ions optical clock is a very promising optical frequency standard candidate due to its extremely small blackbody radiation shift. It has been successfully demonstrated with indirect cooled, quantum-logic-based spectroscopy technique. Its accuracy ... More

A Fast Onboard Star-Extraction Algorithm Optimized for the SVOM Visible TelescopeJul 08 2009The Space multi-band Variable Object Monitor (SVOM) is a proposed Chinese astronomical satellite, dedicated to the detection, localization and measurement of the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) on the cosmological scale. An efficient algorithm is developed for ... More

The generalized Yamada polynomials of virtual spatial graphsJun 17 2018Aug 09 2018Classical knot theory can be generalized to virtual knot theory and spatial graph theory. In 2007, Fleming and Mellor combined virtual knot theory and spatial graph theory to form, combinatorially, virtual spatial graph theory. In this paper, we introduce ... More

Near-optimal Smooth Path Planning for Multisection Continuum ArmsDec 10 2018We study the path planning problem for continuum-arm robots, in which we are given a starting and an end point, and we need to compute a path for the tip of the continuum arm between the two points. We consider both cases where obstacles are present and ... More

Nuclear probes of an out-of-equilibrium plasma at the highest compressionNov 13 2018We report the highest compression reached in laboratory plasmas using eight laser beams, E$_{laser}$$\approx$12 kJ, $\tau_{laser}$=2 ns in third harmonic on a CD$_2$ target at the ShenGuang-II Upgrade (SGII-Up) facility in Shanghai, China. We estimate ... More

Broad-lined type Ic supernova iPTF16asu: A challenge to all popular modelsDec 20 2017Sep 18 2018iPTF16asu is a peculiar broad-lined type Ic supernova (SN) discovered by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory. With a rest-frame rise time of only 4 days, iPTF16asu challenges the existing popular models, for example, the radioactive heating (56Ni-only) ... More

A pathway to optimize the properties of magnetocaloric MnxFe2-x(P1-yGey) for magnetic refrigerationAug 28 2014Magnetocaloric materials can be useful in magnetic refrigeration applications, but to be practical the magneto-refrigerant needs to have a very large magnetocaloric effect (MCE) near room temperature for modest applied fields (<2 Tesla) with small hysteresis ... More

A loophole-free Wheeler-delayed-choice experimentJun 01 2018Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment investigates the indeterminacy of wave-particle duality and the role played by the measurement apparatus in quantum theory. Due to the inconsistency with classical physics, it has been generally believed that it is ... More

Photometric study of the pulsating, eclipsing binary OO DraAug 05 2014We present a comprehensive photometric study of the pulsating, eclipsing binary OO Dra. Simultaneous B- and V-band photometry of the star was carried out on 14 nights. Revised orbital period and a new ephemeris were derived from the data. The first photometric ... More

Surface reconstruction, premelting, and collapse of open-cell nanoporous Cu via thermal annealingFeb 07 2018We systematic investigate the collapse of a set of open-cell nanoporous Cu (np-Cu) with the same porosity and shapes, but different specific surface area, during thermal annealing, via performing large-scale molecular dynamics simulations. Surface premelting ... More

Rank-frequency relation for Chinese charactersSep 06 2013Jan 26 2014We show that the Zipf's law for Chinese characters perfectly holds for sufficiently short texts (few thousand different characters). The scenario of its validity is similar to the Zipf's law for words in short English texts. For long Chinese texts (or ... More

A Monte Carlo simulation of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory proportional countersApr 13 2011The third phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) experiment added an array of 3He proportional counters to the detector. The purpose of this Neutral Current Detection (NCD) array was to observe neutrons resulting from neutral-current solar neutrino-deuteron ... More

Deconfined criticality flow in the Heisenberg model with ring-exchange interactionsJan 14 2013May 06 2013Quantum transition points in the J -Q model---the test bed of the deconfined critical point theory---and the SU(2)-symmetric discrete noncompact CP^1 representation of the deconfined critical action are directly compared by the flowgram method. We find ... More

Chinese Sunspot Drawing and Its Digitization-(I) Parameter ArchivesApr 28 2019Based on the Chinese historical sunspots drawings, a data set consisting of the scanned images and all their digitized parameters from 1925 to 2015 have been constructed. In this paper, we briefly describe the developmental history of sunspots drawings ... More

D numbers theory: a generalization of Dempster-Shafer theoryFeb 14 2014May 12 2014Dempster-Shafer theory is widely applied to uncertainty modelling and knowledge reasoning due to its ability of expressing uncertain information. However, some conditions, such as exclusiveness hypothesis and completeness constraint, limit its development ... More

Flux rope, hyperbolic flux tube, and late EUV phases in a non-eruptive circular-ribbon flareApr 05 2017We present a detailed study of a confined circular flare dynamics associated with 3 UV late phases in order to understand more precisely which topological elements are present and how they constrain the dynamics of the flare. We perform a non-linear force ... More

Wave-function Visualization of Core-induced Interaction of Non-hydrogenic Rydberg Atom in Electric FieldJul 27 2015We have investigated the wave-function feature of Rydberg sodium in a uniform electric field and found that the core-induced interaction of non-hydrogenic atom in electric field can be directly visualized in the wave-function. As is well known, the hydrogen ... More

Heralded Entanglement between Atomic Ensembles: Preparation, Decoherence, and ScalingJun 04 2007Sep 19 2007Heralded entanglement between collective excitations in two atomic ensembles is probabilistically generated, stored, and converted to single photon fields. By way of the concurrence, quantitative characterizations are reported for the scaling behavior ... More

The star formation histories of red and blue low surface brightness disk galaxiesApr 25 2010We study the star formation histories (SFH) and stellar populations of 213 red and 226 blue nearly face-on low surface brightness disk galaxies (LSBGs), which are selected from the main galaxy sample of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release Seven ... More

A description of the pseudorapidity distributions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energiesOct 01 2015The charged particles produced in nucleus-nucleus collisions are classified into two parts,One is from the hot and dense matter created in collisions. The other is from leading particles. The hot and dense matter is assumed to expand and generate particles ... More

Horizontal flow fields observed in Hinode G-band images II. Flow fields in the final stages of sunspot decayDec 07 2011We present a subset of multi-wavelengths observations obtained with the Japanese Hinode mission, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and the Vacuum Tower Telescope (VTT) at Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain during the time period from 2010 November ... More

An Equilibrium Dark Matter Halo with the Burkert ProfileMay 29 2005In this paper a prescription for generating an equilibrium spherical system depicted with cuspy density profiles is extended to a core density profile, the Burkert profile, which is observationally more suitable to dwarfs. By using a time-saving Monte ... More

Crystal structure of the unconventional spin-triplet superconductor UTe2 at low temperature by single crystal neutron diffractionMay 10 2019The crystal structure of the new superconductor UTe2 has been investigated for the first time at low temperature (LT) of 2.7 K, just closely above the superconducting transition temperature of about 1.7 K by single crystal neutron diffraction, in order ... More

A short note on the axiomatic requirements of uncertainty measureOct 08 2013In this note, we argue that the axiomatic requirement of range to the measure of aggregated total uncertainty (ATU) in Dempster-Shafer theory is not reasonable.

Transformation of basic probability assignments to probabilities based on a new entropy measureFeb 24 2015Dempster-Shafer evidence theory is an efficient mathematical tool to deal with uncertain information. In that theory, basic probability assignment (BPA) is the basic element for the expression and inference of uncertainty. Decision-making based on BPA ... More

Some Features of Blown-Up Nonlinear $σ$-ModelsJun 24 1994In terms of the gauged nonlinear $\sigma$-models, we describe some results and implications of solving the following problem: Given a smooth symplectic manifold as target space with a quasi-free Hamiltonian group action, perform the symplectic blowing ... More

Towards experimental entanglement connection with atomic ensembles in the single excitation regimeApr 17 2007We present a protocol for performing entanglement connection between pairs of atomic ensembles in the single excitation regime. Two pairs are prepared in an asynchronous fashion and then connected via a Bell measurement. The resulting state of the two ... More

Inferring the emission regions for different kinds of gamma-ray burstsAug 27 2006Oct 27 2006Using a theoretical model describing pulse shapes, we have clarified the relations between the observed pulses and their corresponding timescales, such as the angular spreading time, the dynamic time as well as the cooling time. We find that the angular ... More

The simultaneous occurrence of superparamagnetism and superconductivity in nominal single crystalline (Ca1-xPrx)Fe2As2 with 0 <= x <= 0.13Aug 14 2013The observation of non-bulk superconductivity with an unexpectedly high onset transition temperature Tc up to ~ 49 K in non-superconducting single crystalline CaFe2As2 upon rare-earth doping has raised interesting questions concerning its origin. Several ... More

Gauging and symplectic blowing up in nonlinear sigma-models: I. point singularitiesOct 07 1993Apr 05 1994In this paper a two dimensional non-linear sigma model with a general symplectic manifold with isometry as target space is used to study symplectic blowing up of a point singularity on the zero level set of the moment map associated with a quasi-free ... More

New Diluted Ferromagnetic Semiconductor isostructural to 122 type iron pnictide superconductor with TC up to 180 KMar 28 2013Diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS) have received much attention due to its potential applications to spintronics devices. A prototypical system (Ga,Mn)As has been widely studied since 1990s. The simultaneous spin and charge doping via hetero-valence ... More

Superconductor-Nanowire Devices from Tunneling to the Multichannel Regime: Zero-Bias Oscillations and Magnetoconductance CrossoverMar 11 2013We present transport measurements in superconductor-nanowire devices with a gated constriction forming a quantum point contact. Zero-bias features in tunneling spectroscopy appear at finite magnetic fields, and oscillate in amplitude and split away from ... More

Quantum nonergodicity and fermion localization in a system with a single-particle mobility edgeFeb 04 2016Jun 05 2016We study the many-body localization aspects of single-particle mobility edges in fermionic systems. We investigate incommensurate lattices and random disorder Anderson models. Many-body localization and quantum nonergodic properties are studied by comparing ... More

Composite Fermions Waltz to the Tune of a Wigner CrystalOct 13 2014Jun 01 2016When the kinetic energy of a collection of interacting two-dimensional (2D) electrons is quenched at very high magnetic fields so that the Coulomb repulsion dominates, the electrons are expected to condense into an ordered array, forming a quantum Wigner ... More

Unified Theoretical Approach to Electronic Transport from Diffusive to Ballistic RegimesJan 14 2016We show that by integrating out the electric field and incorporating proper boundary conditions, a semiclassical Boltzmann equation can describe electron transport properties, continuously from the diffusive to ballistic regimes. General analytical formulas ... More

Disk stars in the Milky Way detected beyond 25 kpc from its centerApr 09 2018CONTEXT. The maximum size of the Galactic stellar disk is not yet known. Some studies have suggested an abrupt drop-off of the stellar density of the disk at Galactocentric distances $R\gtrsim 15$ kpc, which means that in practice no disk stars or only ... More

Spin-orbit-coupled dipolar Bose-Einstein condensatesOct 04 2011Jun 08 2012We propose an experimental scheme to create spin-orbit coupling in spin-3 Cr atoms using Raman processes. Employing linear Zeeman effect and optical Stark shift, two spin states within the ground electronic manifold are selected, which results in a pseudo-spin-1/2 ... More

Observation of Majorana Fermions in a Nb-InSb Nanowire-Nb Hybrid Quantum DeviceApr 18 2012We report on the observation of excitation of Majorana fermions in a Nb-InSb nanowire quantum dot-Nb hybrid system. The InSb nanowire quantum dot is formed between the two Nb contacts by weak Schottky barriers and is thus in the regime of strong couplings ... More

Simultaneous cooling of coupled mechanical resonators in cavity optomechanicsApr 11 2018Quantum manipulation of coupled mechanical resonators has become an important research topic in optomechanics because these systems can be used to study the quantum coherence effects involving multiple mechanical modes. A prerequisite for observing macroscopic ... More

Realization of Stable Ferromagnetic Order in Topological Insulator: Codoping Enhanced Magnetism in 4f Transition Metal Doped Bi2Se3Nov 27 2015The realization of long range and insulating ferromagnetic states in topological insulator (TI) has been a pressing issue since its discovery. Only recently, such state was achieved in Cr-doped Bi2-xSbxTe3, leading to the discovery of quantum anomalous ... More

Tracking Back the Solar Wind to its Photospheric Footpoints from Wind Observations -- A Statistical StudyFeb 25 2014It is of great importance to track the solar wind back to its photospheric source region and identify the related current sheets; this will provide key information for investigating the origin and predictions of the solar wind. We report a statistical ... More

The Fundamental Plane of Spiral Galaxies: Search from Observational DataJul 31 2001Aug 30 2001The fundamental plane of spiral galaxies was searched from observational data, which can be approximately represented in observational parameters by $ L \propto V^2 R $, where $L$, $R$, and $V$ are the luminosity, the linear size of galactic disk, and ... More

Quantitative Entropy Study of Language ComplexityNov 14 2016We study the entropy of Chinese and English texts, based on characters in case of Chinese texts and based on words for both languages. Significant differences are found between the languages and between different personal styles of debating partners. ... More

Quantitative Entropy Study of Language ComplexityNov 14 2016Jan 15 2017We study the entropy of Chinese and English texts, based on characters in case of Chinese texts and based on words for both languages. Significant differences are found between the languages and between different personal styles of debating partners. ... More

The binary mass transfer origin of the red blue straggler sequence in M30Jan 07 2015Two separated sequences of blue straggler stars (BSSs) have been revealed by Ferraro et al. (2009) in the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) of the Milky Way globular cluster M30. Their presence has been suggested to be related to the two BSS formation channels ... More

Magnetic Correlations in the Two-dimensional Repulsive Fermi Hubbard ModelJun 23 2017The repulsive Fermi Hubbard model on the square lattice has a rich phase diagram near half-filling (corresponding to the particle density per lattice site $n=1$): for $n=1$ the ground state is an antiferromagnetic insulator, at $0.6 < n \lesssim 0.8$, ... More