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The simplest model of galaxy formation I: A formation history model of galaxy stellar mass growthApr 09 2013Sep 04 2013We introduce a simple model to self-consistently connect the growth of galaxies to the formation history of their host dark matter haloes. Our model is defined by two simple functions: the "baryonic growth function" which controls the rate at which new ... More

The mid-life crisis of the Milky Way and M31May 12 2011Upcoming next generation galactic surveys, such as GAIA and HERMES, will deliver unprecedented detail about the structure and make-up of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, and promise to radically improve our understanding of it. However, to benefit our broader ... More

Globular clusters and supermassive black holes in galaxies: further analysis and a larger sampleDec 18 2013We explore several correlations between various large-scale galaxy properties, particularly total globular cluster population (N_GCS), the central black hole mass (M_BH), velocity dispersion (nominally sigma_e), and bulge mass (M_dyn). Our data sample ... More

Determining accurate measurements of the growth rate from the galaxy correlation function in simulationsFeb 21 2013We use high-resolution N-body simulations to develop a new, flexible, empirical approach for measuring the growth rate from redshift-space distortions (RSD) in the 2-point galaxy correlation function. We quantify the systematic error in measuring the ... More

Using the topology of large-scale structure in the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey as a cosmological standard rulerOct 25 2013We present new and accurate measurements of the cosmic distance-redshift relation, spanning 0.2 < z < 1, using the topology of large-scale structure as a cosmological standard ruler. Our results derive from an analysis of the Minkowski functionals of ... More

Constraining the last 7 billion years of galaxy evolution in semi-analytic modelsOct 11 2012Nov 30 2012We investigate the ability of the Croton et al. (2006) semi-analytic model to reproduce the evolution of observed galaxies across the final 7 billion years of cosmic history. Using Monte-Carlo Markov Chain techniques we explore the available parameter ... More

Low-mass galaxy formation and the ionizing photon budget during reionizationMay 29 2014Jul 20 2014We use high-resolution simulations of cosmological volumes to model galaxy formation at high-redshift, with the goal of studying the photon budget for reionization. We demonstrate that galaxy formation models that include a strong, thermally coupled supernovae ... More

Abell 1201: The anatomy of a cold front cluster from combined optical and X-ray dataOct 25 2008We present a combined X-ray and optical analysis of the cold front cluster Abell 1201 using archival Chandra, data and multi-object spectroscopy taken with the 3.9m Anglo Australian and 6.5m Multiple Mirror Telescopes. This paper represents the first ... More

The impact of mergers on relaxed X-ray clusters - III. Effects on compact cool coresApr 09 2008(Abridged) We use the simulations presented in Poole et al. 2006 to examine the effects of mergers on compact cool cores in X-ray clusters. We propose a scheme for classifying the morphology of clusters based on their surface brightness and entropy profiles. ... More

On the dynamical state of galaxy clusters: insights from cosmological simulations IIMay 24 2016Aug 21 2016Using a suite of cosmology simulations of a sample of $> 120$ galaxy clusters with $\log(M_{DM, vir}) \le 14.5$. We compare clusters that form in purely dark matter run and their counterparts in hydro runs and investigate 4 independent parameters, that ... More

The impact of mergers on relaxed X-ray clusters - I. Dynamical evolution and emergent transient structuresAug 25 2006We report on the analysis of a suite of SPH simulations (incorporating cooling and star formation) of mergers involving idealised X-ray clusters whose initial conditions resemble relaxed clusters with cool compact cores observed by Chandra and XMM. The ... More

Models of the ICM with Heating and Cooling: Explaining the Global and Structural X-ray Properties of ClustersJun 14 2004(Abridged) Theoretical models that include only gravitationally-driven processes fail to match the observed mean X-ray properties of clusters. As a result, there has recently been increased interest in models in which either radiative cooling or entropy ... More

Physical Implications of the X-ray Properties of Galaxy Groups and ClustersSep 19 2001Dec 13 2001Within the standard framework of structure formation, where clusters and groups of galaxies are built up from the merging of smaller systems, the physical properties of the intracluster medium, such as the gas temperature and the total X-ray luminosity, ... More

Scaling Relations of Star-Forming Regions: from kpc-size clumps to HII regionsMar 01 2012We present the properties of 8 star-forming regions, or 'clumps,' in 3 galaxies at z~1.3 from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey, which are resolved with the OSIRIS integral field spectrograph. Within turbulent discs, \sigma~90 km/s, clumps are measured with ... More

Convergence properties of halo merger trees; halo and substructure merger rates across cosmic historySep 05 2017We introduce gbpTrees: an algorithm for constructing merger trees from cosmological simulations, designed to identify and correct for pathological cases introduced by errors or ambiguities in the halo finding process. gbpTrees is built upon a halo matching ... More

A hybrid multi resolution scheme to efficiently model the structure of reionization on the largest scalesNov 10 2015Redshifted 21cm measurements of the structure of ionised regions that grow during reionization promise to provide a new probe of early galaxy and structure formation. One of the challenges of modelling reionization is to account both for the sub-halo ... More

Dark ages reionization & galaxy formation simulation XII: Bubbles at dawnApr 18 2017Jul 21 2017Direct detection of regions of ionized hydrogen (HII) has been suggested as a promising probe of cosmic reionization. Observing the redshifted 21-cm signal of hydrogen from the epoch of reionization (EoR) is a key scientific driver behind new-generation, ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - XIII. AGN quenching of high-redshift star formation in ZF-COSMOS-20115Apr 11 2017Aug 25 2017Massive quiescent galaxies (MQGs) are thought to have formed stars rapidly at early times followed by a long period of quiescence. The recent discovery of a MQG, ZF-COSMOS-20115 at $z\sim4$, only 1.5 Gyr after the big bang, places new constraints on galaxy ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - XIV. Gas accretion, cooling and star formation in dwarf galaxies at high redshiftFeb 12 2018We study dwarf galaxy formation at high redshift ($z\ge5$) using a suite of high-resolution, cosmological hydrodynamic simulations and a semi-analytic model (SAM). We focus on gas accretion, cooling and star formation in this work by isolating the relevant ... More

The impact of mergers on relaxed X-ray clusters - II. Effects on global X-ray and SZ properties and their scaling relationsJan 20 2007We use the suite of simulations presented in Poole et al (2006) to examine global X-ray and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) observables for systems of merging relaxed X-ray clusters. In all of the scaling relations generated from the properties we have studied, ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - X. The small contribution of quasars to reionizationMar 15 2017Sep 26 2017Motivated by recent measurements of the number density of faint AGN at high redshift, we investigate the contribution of quasars to reionization by tracking the growth of central supermassive black holes in an update of the Meraxes semi-analytic model. ... More

Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation XI: Clustering and halo masses of high redshift galaxiesMar 15 2017Sep 15 2017We investigate the clustering properties of Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) at $z\sim6$ - $8$. Using the semi-analytical model {\scshape Meraxes} constructed as part of the Dark-ages Reionization And Galaxy-formation Observables from Numerical Simulation ... More

Dark-ages Reionization & Galaxy Formation Simulation I: The dynamical lives of high redshift galaxiesDec 02 2015Mar 21 2016We present the Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy-formation Observables from Numerical Simulations (DRAGONS) program and Tiamat, the collisionless N-body simulation program upon which DRAGONS is built. The primary trait distinguishing Tiamat from other ... More

Dark-ages reionization & galaxy formation simulation IV: UV luminosity functions of high-redshift galaxiesDec 02 2015Apr 27 2016In this paper we present calculations of the UV luminosity function from the Dark-ages Reionization And Galaxy-formation Observables from Numerical Simulations (DRAGONS) project, which combines N-body, semi-analytic and semi-numerical modelling designed ... More

Dark-ages reionization & galaxy formation simulation V: morphology and statistical signatures of reionizationDec 02 2015Aug 15 2016We use the Dark-ages, Reionization And Galaxy-formation Observables from Numerical Simulations (DRAGONS) framework to investigate the effect of galaxy-formation physics on the morphology and statistics of ionized hydrogen (HII) regions during the Epoch ... More

Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation - III. Modelling galaxy formation and the epoch of reionizationDec 02 2015Aug 18 2016We introduce Meraxes, a new, purpose-built semi-analytic galaxy formation model designed for studying galaxy growth during reionization. Meraxes is the first model of its type to include a temporally and spatially coupled treatment of reionization and ... More

Dark-ages reionization & galaxy formation simulation VI: The origins and fate of the highest known redshift galaxyMay 25 2016Using Hubble data, including new grism spectra, Oesch et al. (2016) recently identified GN-z11, a $M_\textrm{UV}$=-21.1 galaxy at $z$=11.1 (just 400 Myr after the Big Bang). With an estimated stellar mass of $\sim$10$^9$M$_\odot$, this galaxy is surprisingly ... More

Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation - IX. Economics of reionizing galaxiesMay 20 2017Jun 19 2017Using a series of high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations we show that during the rapid growth of high-redshift (z > 5) galaxies, reserves of molecular gas are consumed over a time-scale of 300Myr, almost independent of feedback scheme. We find that ... More

Dark-ages Reionization & Galaxy Formation Simulation II: Spin and concentration parameters for dark matter haloes during the Epoch of ReionizationDec 02 2015We use high resolution N-Body simulations to study the concentration and spin parameters of dark matter haloes in the mass range $10^8\, {\rm M}_{\odot}\, h^{-1} < {\rm M} < 10^{11}\, {\rm M}_{\odot}\, h^{-1}$ and redshifts $5{<}z{<}10$, corresponding ... More

Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation--VII. The sizes of high-redshift galaxiesAug 02 2016Nov 08 2016We investigate high-redshift galaxy sizes using a semi-analytic model constructed for the Dark-ages Reionization And Galaxy-formation Observables from Numerical Simulation project. Our fiducial model, including strong feedback from supernovae and photoionization ... More

Dark-ages Reionization & Galaxy Formation Simulation VIII. Suppressed growth of dark matter halos during the Epoch of ReionizationJan 13 2017Feb 21 2017We investigate how the hydrostatic suppression of baryonic accretion affects the growth rate of dark matter halos during the Epoch of Reionization. By comparing halo properties in a simplistic hydrodynamic simulation in which gas only cools adiabatically, ... More

High star formation rates as the origin of turbulence in early and modern disk galaxiesOct 06 2010Oct 13 2010High spatial and spectral resolution observations of star formation and kinematics in early galaxies have shown that two-thirds are massive rotating disk galaxies with the remainder being less massive non-rotating objects. The line of sight averaged velocity ... More

Semi-Analytic Galaxy Evolution (SAGE): Model Calibration and Basic ResultsJan 18 2016Jan 22 2016This paper describes a new publicly available codebase for modelling galaxy formation in a cosmological context, the "Semi-Analytic Galaxy Evolution" model, or SAGE for short. SAGE is a significant update to that used in Croton et al. (2006) and has been ... More

The Gigaparsec WiggleZ Simulations: Characterising scale dependant bias and associated systematics in growth of structure measurementsJul 01 2014Nov 03 2015We use the Gigaparsec WiggleZ (GiggleZ) simulations to characterise galaxy bias and its scale dependence for a range of redshifts and halo masses in a standard $\Lambda$LCDM cosmology. Assuming bias converges to a scale independent form at large scales, ... More

The Theoretical Astrophysical Observatory: Cloud-Based Mock Galaxy CataloguesMar 20 2014Jan 22 2016We introduce the Theoretical Astrophysical Observatory (TAO), an online virtual laboratory that houses mock observations of galaxy survey data. Such mocks have become an integral part of the modern analysis pipeline. However, building them requires an ... More

The 6dF Galaxy Survey: z \approx 0 measurement of the growth rate and sigma_8Apr 20 2012We present a detailed analysis of redshift-space distortions in the two-point correlation function of the 6dF Galaxy Survey (6dFGS). The K-band selected sub-sample which we employ in this study contains 81971 galaxies distributed over 17000deg^2 with ... More

Are peculiar velocity surveys competitive as a cosmological probe?Dec 04 2013Peculiar velocity surveys, which measure galaxy peculiar velocities directly from standard candles in addition to redshifts, can provide strong constraints on the linear growth rate of cosmological large-scale structure at low redshift. The improvement ... More

The 2-degree Field Lensing Survey: photometric redshifts from a large new training sample to r<19.5Dec 01 2016We present a new training set for estimating empirical photometric redshifts of galaxies, which was created as part of the 2dFLenS project. This training set is located in a 700 sq deg area of the KiDS South field and is randomly selected and nearly complete ... More

Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): improved cosmic growth measurements using multiple tracers of large-scale structureSep 22 2013We present the first application of a "multiple-tracer" redshift-space distortion (RSD) analysis to an observational galaxy sample, using data from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly survey (GAMA). Our dataset is an r < 19.8 magnitude-limited sample of 178,579 ... More

KECK/MOSFIRE spectroscopic confirmation of a Virgo-like cluster ancestor at z=2.095Oct 02 2014We present the spectroscopic confirmation of a galaxy cluster at $z=2.095$ in the COSMOS field. This galaxy cluster was first reported in the ZFOURGE survey as harboring evolved massive galaxies using photometric redshifts derived with deep near-infrared ... More

The 6dF Galaxy Survey: Bulk Flows on $50-70 h^{-1}$ Mpc scalesNov 21 2015We measure the bulk flow of the local Universe using the 6dF Galaxy Survey peculiar velocity sample (6dFGSv), the largest and most homogeneous peculiar velocity sample to date. 6dFGSv is a Fundamental Plane sample of $\sim10^4$ peculiar velocities covering ... More

DYNAMO I: A Sample of Ha-Luminous Galaxies with Resolved KinematicsOct 23 2013(abridged) DYNAMO is a multi-wavelength, spatially-resolved survey of local ($z \sim 0.1$) star-forming galaxies designed to study evolution through comparison with samples at z~2. Half of the sample has integrated H-alpha luminosities of >$10^{42}$ erg/s, ... More

Measuring the 2D Baryon Acoustic Oscillation signal of galaxies in WiggleZ: Cosmological constraintsNov 24 2016Nov 29 2016We present results from the 2D anisotropic Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) signal present in the final dataset from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We analyse the WiggleZ data in two ways: firstly using the full shape of the 2D correlation function ... More

Dipole Septum Magnet in the Fast Kicker System for Multi-Axis Advanced RadiographyOct 02 2000Here we present designs for a static septum magnet with two adjacent apertures where ideally one aperture has a uniform dipole field and the other zero field. Two designs are considered. One is a true septum magnet with a thin layer of coils and materials ... More

On the Intracluster Medium in Cooling Flow & Non-Cooling Flow ClustersSep 19 2003Recent X-ray observations have highlighted clusters that lack entropy cores. At first glance, these results appear to invalidate the preheated ICM models. We show that a self-consistent preheating model, which factors in the effects of radiative cooling, ... More

A Color-Magnitude Diagram for a Globular Cluster In the Giant Elliptical Galaxy NGC 5128Jun 30 1998The Hubble Space Telescope has been used to obtain WFPC2 (V,I) photometry for a large sample of stars in the outer halo of the giant elliptical NGC 5128 (d = 4 Mpc). The globular cluster N5128-C44, at the center of the Planetary Camera field, is well ... More

Corotating and irrotational binary black holes in quasi-circular orbitsAug 30 2001Sep 04 2001A complete formalism for constructing initial data representing black-hole binaries in quasi-equilibrium is developed. Radiation reaction prohibits, in general, true equilibrium binary configurations. However, when the timescale for orbital decay is much ... More

The Metallicity Distribution in the Halo Stars of NGC 5128: Implications for Galaxy FormationOct 08 1998The Hubble Space Telescope has been used to obtain WFPC2 (V,I) photometry for a sample of 10,000 red giant stars in the outer halo of the giant elliptical NGC 5128. Comparison with the fiducial RGBs of Milky Way globular clusters and model isochrones ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Direct constraints on blue galaxy intrinsic alignments at intermediate redshiftsNov 27 2009Aug 04 2010Correlations between the intrinsic shapes of galaxy pairs, and between the intrinsic shapes of galaxies and the large-scale density field, may be induced by tidal fields. These correlations, which have been detected at low redshifts (z<0.35) for bright ... More

2dFLenS and KiDS: Determining source redshift distributions with cross-correlationsNov 22 2016We develop a statistical estimator to infer the redshift probability distribution of a photometric sample of galaxies from its angular cross-correlation in redshift bins with an overlapping spectroscopic sample. This estimator is a minimum variance weighted ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: the selection function and z=0.6 galaxy power spectrumMar 30 2010We report one of the most accurate measurements of the three-dimensional large-scale galaxy power spectrum achieved to date, using 56,159 redshifts of bright emission-line galaxies at effective redshift z=0.6 from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey at the ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: measuring the cosmic growth rate with the two-point galaxy correlation functionFeb 21 2013The growth history of large-scale structure in the Universe is a powerful probe of the cosmological model, including the nature of dark energy. We study the growth rate of cosmic structure to redshift $z = 0.9$ using more than $162{,}000$ galaxy redshifts ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Star-formation in UV-luminous galaxies from their luminosity functionsJun 17 2013We present the ultraviolet (UV) luminosity function of galaxies from the GALEX Medium Imaging Survey with measured spectroscopic redshifts from the first data release of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. This sample selects galaxies with high star formation ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Probing the Epoch of Radiation Domination using Large Scale StructureNov 23 2012Nov 03 2015We place the most robust constraint to date on the scale of the turnover in the cosmological matter power spectrum using data from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We find this feature to lie at a scale of $k_0=0.0160^{+0.0041}_{-0.0035}$ [h/Mpc] (68% ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Joint measurements of the expansion and growth history at z < 1Apr 17 2012Jun 12 2012We perform a joint determination of the distance-redshift relation and cosmic expansion rate at redshifts z = 0.44, 0.6 and 0.73 by combining measurements of the baryon acoustic peak and Alcock-Paczynski distortion from galaxy clustering in the WiggleZ ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Galaxy Evolution at 0.25 < z < 0.75 Using The Second Red-Sequence Cluster Survey (RCS-2)Jan 04 2012We study the evolution of galaxy populations around the spectroscopic WiggleZ sample of starforming galaxies at 0.25 < z < 0.75 using the photometric catalog from the Second Red-Sequence Cluster Survey (RCS2). We probe the optical photometric properties ... More

The 2-degree Field Lensing Survey: design and clustering measurementsAug 09 2016We present the 2-degree Field Lensing Survey (2dFLenS), a new galaxy redshift survey performed at the Anglo-Australian Telescope. 2dFLenS is the first wide-area spectroscopic survey specifically targeting the area mapped by deep-imaging gravitational ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: High Resolution Kinematics of Luminous Star-Forming GalaxiesJul 17 2011We report evidence of ordered orbital motion in luminous star-forming galaxies at z~1.3. We present integral field spectroscopy (IFS) observations, performed with the OH Suppressing InfraRed Imaging Spectrograph (OSIRIS) system, assisted by laser guide ... More

The Stellar Masses of ~40,000 UV Selected Galaxies from the WiggleZ Survey at 0.3<z<1.0: Analogues of Lyman Break Galaxies?Feb 20 2013We characterise the stellar masses and star formation rates in a sample of almost 40000 spectroscopically confirmed UV luminous galaxies at 0.3<z<1.0 selected from within the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. In particular, we match this UV bright population ... More

First Results from Z-FOURGE: Discovery of a Candidate Cluster at z = 2.2 in COSMOSDec 12 2011Mar 05 2012We report the first results from the Z-FOURGE survey: the discovery of a candidate galaxy cluster at z = 2.2 consisting of two compact overdensities with red galaxies detected at >20{\sigma} above the mean surface density. The discovery was made possible ... More

Radio Flares and the Magnetic Field Structure in GRB OutflowsDec 14 2004Feb 22 2005The magnetic field structure in GRB outflows is of great interest as it can provide valuable clues that can help pin down the mechanism responsible for the acceleration and collimation of GRB jets. The most promising way of probing it is through polarization ... More

Testing Closeness With Unequal Sized SamplesApr 17 2015We consider the problem of closeness testing for two discrete distributions in the practically relevant setting of \emph{unequal} sized samples drawn from each of them. Specifically, given a target error parameter $\varepsilon > 0$, $m_1$ independent ... More

Fibrewise rational H-spacesAug 20 2012We prove fibrewise versions of classical theorems of Hopf and Leray-Samelson. Our results imply the fibrewise H-triviality after rationalization of a certain class of fibrewise H-spaces. They apply, in particular, to universal adjoint bundles. From this, ... More

The Satisfiability Threshold for k-XORSATDec 09 2012Aug 03 2014We consider "unconstrained" random $k$-XORSAT, which is a uniformly random system of $m$ linear non-homogeneous equations in $\mathbb{F}_2$ over $n$ variables, each equation containing $k \geq 3$ variables, and also consider a "constrained" model where ... More

VCG Auction Mechanism Cost Expectations and VariancesOct 07 2013We consider Vickrey-Clarke-Groves (VCG) auctions for a very general combinatorial structure, in an average-case setting where item costs are independent, identically distributed uniform random variables. We prove that the expected VCG cost is at least ... More

On the strength of connectedness of a random hypergraphSep 04 2014Mar 09 2015Bollob\'{a}s and Thomason (1985) proved that for each $k=k(n) \in [1, n-1]$, with high probability, the random graph process, where edges are added to vertex set $V=[n]$ uniformly at random one after another, is such that the stopping time of having minimal ... More

Electric field control of chiral magnetic domains in the high-temperature multiferroic CuOJan 16 2012We have studied the high temperature multiferroic cupric oxide using polarized neutron diffraction as a function of temperature and applied electric field. We find that the chiral domain population can be varied using an external electric field applied ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Survey Design and First Data ReleaseNov 22 2009Nov 24 2009The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey is a survey of 240,000 emission line galaxies in the distant universe, measured with the AAOmega spectrograph on the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT). The target galaxies are selected using ultraviolet photometry from ... More

Geometric scaling of purely-elastic flow instabilitiesSep 23 2011We present a combined experimental, numerical and theoretical investigation of the geometric scaling of the onset of a purely-elastic flow instability in a serpentine channel. Good qualitative agreement is obtained between experiments, using dilute solutions ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Final data release and cosmological resultsOct 08 2012This paper presents cosmological results from the final data release of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We perform full analyses of different cosmological models using the WiggleZ power spectra measured at z=0.22, 0.41, 0.60, and 0.78, combined with other ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Improved Distance Measurements to z = 1 with Reconstruction of the Baryonic Acoustic FeatureJan 02 2014Jul 28 2014We present significant improvements in cosmic distance measurements from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey, achieved by applying the reconstruction of the baryonic acoustic feature technique. We show using both data and simulations that the reconstruction ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Cosmological neutrino mass constraint from blue high-redshift galaxiesDec 21 2011Apr 16 2012The absolute neutrino mass scale is currently unknown, but can be constrained from cosmology. The WiggleZ high redshift star-forming blue galaxy sample is less sensitive to systematics from non-linear structure formation, redshift-space distortions and ... More

Young massive stars in the ISOGAL survey I. VLA observations of the ISOGAL l=+45 fieldMay 23 1999We present VLA radio continuum observations at 3.6 and 6 cm of a ~0.65 sq.deg. field in the galactic plane at l=+45deg . These observations are meant to be used in a comparison with ISO observations at 7 and 15 um of the same region. In this paper we ... More

Excision boundary conditions for black hole initial dataJul 21 2004Apr 01 2005We define and extensively test a set of boundary conditions that can be applied at black hole excision surfaces when the Hamiltonian and momentum constraints of general relativity are solved within the conformal thin-sandwich formalism. These boundary ... More

The MIp Toolset: an efficient algorithm for calculating Mutual Information in protein alignmentsApr 16 2013Background: Coevolution within a protein family is often predicted using statistics that measure the degree of covariation between positions in the protein sequence. Mutual Information is a measure of dependence between two random variables that has been ... More

Structure of random r-SAT below the pure literal thresholdAug 06 2010It is well known that there is a sharp density threshold for a random $r$-SAT formula to be satisfiable, and a similar, smaller, threshold for it to be satisfied by the pure literal rule. Also, above the satisfiability threshold, where a random formula ... More

XORRO: Rapid Paired-End Read OverlapperApr 16 2013Background: Computational analysis of next-generation sequencing data is outpaced by data generation in many cases. In one such case, paired-end reads can be produced from the Illumina sequencing method faster than they can be overlapped by downstream ... More

How does our choice of observable influence our estimation of the centre of a galaxy cluster? Insights from cosmological simulationsDec 03 2015Galaxy clusters are an established and powerful test-bed for theories of both galaxy evolution and cosmology. Accurate interpretation of cluster observations often requires robust identification of the location of the centre. Using a statistical sample ... More

Variability in Optical Spectra of epsilon OrionisJan 23 2013Mar 02 2013We present the results of a time-series analysis of 130 echelle spectra of epsilon Ori (B0 Ia), acquired over seven observing seasons between 1998 and 2006 at Ritter Observatory. The equivalent widths of Halpha (net) and He I 5876 were measured and radial ... More

The rational homotopy type of the space of self-equivalences of a fibrationMar 09 2009Sep 04 2010Let Aut(p) denote the topological monoid of self-fibre-homotopy equivalences of a fibration p:E\to B. We make a general study of this monoid, especially in rational homotopy theory. When E and B are simply connected CW complexes with E finite, we identify ... More

Consistency of non-minimal renormalisation schemesMar 23 2016Non-minimal renormalisation schemes such as the momentum subtraction scheme (MOM) have frequently been used for physical computations. The consistency of such a scheme relies on the existence of a coupling redefinition linking it to MSbar. We discuss ... More

Coupling of magnetic and ferroelectric hysteresis by a multi-component magnetic structure in Mn2GeO4Aug 06 2012The olivine compound Mn2GeO4 is shown to feature both a ferroelectric polarization and a ferromagnetic magnetization that are directly coupled and point along the same direction. We show that a spin spiral generates ferroelectricity (FE), and a canted ... More

CANDELS Visual Classifications: Scheme, Data Release, and First ResultsJan 10 2014Oct 09 2015We have undertaken an ambitious program to visually classify all galaxies in the five CANDELS fields down to H<24.5 involving the dedicated efforts of 65 individual classifiers. Once completed, we expect to have detailed morphological classifications ... More

Symbolic computation of conservation laws for nonlinear partial differential equations in multiple space dimensionsJul 29 2010Aug 04 2011A method for symbolically computing conservation laws of nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) in multiple space dimensions is presented in the language of variational calculus and linear algebra. The steps of the method are illustrated using ... More

Exploiting the Rule Structure for Decision Making within the Independent Choice LogicFeb 20 2013This paper introduces the independent choice logic, and in particular the "single agent with nature" instance of the independent choice logic, namely ICLdt. This is a logical framework for decision making uncertainty that extends both logic programming ... More

Context-Specific Approximation in Probabilistic InferenceJan 30 2013There is evidence that the numbers in probabilistic inference don't really matter. This paper considers the idea that we can make a probabilistic model simpler by making fewer distinctions. Unfortunately, the level of a Bayesian network seems too coarse; ... More

Birth of a giant $(k_1,k_2)$-core in the random digraphAug 17 2016The $(k_1,k_2)$-core of a digraph is the largest sub-digraph with minimum in-degree and minimum out-degree at least $k_1$ and $k_2$ respectively. For $\max\{k_1, k_2\} \geq 2$, we establish existence of the threshold edge-density $c^*=c^*(k_1,k_2)$, such ... More

Why is Compiling Lifted Inference into a Low-Level Language so Effective?Jun 14 2016First-order knowledge compilation techniques have proven efficient for lifted inference. They compile a relational probability model into a target circuit on which many inference queries can be answered efficiently. Early methods used data structures ... More

Robust split-step Fourier methods for simulating the propagation of ultra-short pulses in single- and two-mode optical communication fibersApr 06 2015Extensions of the split-step Fourier method (SSFM) for Schr\"odinger-type pulse propagation equations for simulating femto-second pulses in single- and two-mode optical communication fibers are developed and tested for Gaussian pulses. The core idea of ... More

Hamiltonian lattice QCD at finite chemical potentialDec 25 1999Aug 03 2000At sufficiently high temperature and density, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is expected to undergo a phase transition from the confined phase to the quark-gluon plasma phase. In the Lagrangian lattice formulation the Monte Carlo method works well for QCD ... More

L^2-Kernels Of Dirac-Type Operators On Monopole Moduli SpacesDec 30 2015Feb 25 2016We state some mathematical predictions concerning the kernels of Dirac-type operators on moduli spaces of (singular) monopoles in R^3. These predictions follow from the semiclassical interpretation of physical results on spaces of (framed) BPS states ... More

Equilibrium relationships for non-equilibrium chemical dependenciesJul 27 2010In contrast to common opinion, it is shown that equilibrium constants determine the time-dependent behavior of particular ratios of concentrations for any system of reversible first-order reactions. Indeed, some special ratios actually coincide with the ... More

Maximum relative height of elastic interfaces in random mediaJul 29 2011The distribution of the maximal relative height (MRH) of self-affine one-dimensional elastic interfaces in a random potential is studied. We analyze the ground state configuration at zero driving force, and the critical configuration exactly at the depinning ... More

Fading entanglement near equilibrium stateFeb 21 2013It was recently shown that entanglement in quantum systems being in a non-equilibrium state can appear at much higher temperatures than in an equilibrium state. However, any system is subject to the natural relaxation process establishing equilibrium. ... More

Two regimes in conductivity and the Hall coefficient of underdoped cuprates in strong magnetic fieldsNov 19 2013We address recent experiments shedding light on the energy spectrum of under- and optimally doped cuprates at temperatures above superconducting transition. Angle resolved photoemission reveals coherent excitation only near nodal points on parts of the ... More

High-Quality, Low-Delay Music Coding in the Opus CodecFeb 15 2016The IETF recently standardized the Opus codec as RFC6716. Opus targets a wide range of real-time Internet applications by combining a linear prediction coder with a transform coder. We describe the transform coder, with particular attention to the psychoacoustic ... More

Parameter counting for singular monopoles on R^3Apr 22 2014Jan 09 2016We compute the dimension of the moduli space of gauge-inequivalent solutions to the Bogomolny equation on R^3 with prescribed singularities corresponding to the insertion of a finite number of 't Hooft defects. We do this by generalizing the methods of ... More

Brane bending and monopole moduliApr 28 2014Jan 09 2016We study intersecting brane systems that realize a class of singular monopole configurations in four-dimensional Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. Singular monopoles are solutions to the Bogomolny equation on R^3 with a prescribed number of singularities corresponding ... More

Phase Calibration Sources in the Northern Sky at Galactic Latitudes $\mid b \mid < 2.5\arcdeg$May 18 2001The Jodrell Bank - VLA Astrometric Survey (JVAS) of flat-spectrum sources yielded a catalog of 2118 compact radio sources in the northern sky. Those sources are being used as phase calibrators for many synthesis arrays. JVAS suffers from a zone of avoidance ... More

Counting Pairs of Faint GalaxiesJun 07 1995The number of close pairs of galaxies observed to faint magnitude limits, when compared to nearby samples, determines the interaction or merger rate as a function of redshift. The prevalence of mergers at intermediate redshifts is fundamental to understanding ... More