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The simplest model of galaxy formation I: A formation history model of galaxy stellar mass growthApr 09 2013Sep 04 2013We introduce a simple model to self-consistently connect the growth of galaxies to the formation history of their host dark matter haloes. Our model is defined by two simple functions: the "baryonic growth function" which controls the rate at which new ... More

The mid-life crisis of the Milky Way and M31May 12 2011Upcoming next generation galactic surveys, such as GAIA and HERMES, will deliver unprecedented detail about the structure and make-up of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, and promise to radically improve our understanding of it. However, to benefit our broader ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation -- XVII. Sizes, angular momenta and morphologies of high redshift galaxiesApr 02 2019Jun 29 2019We study the sizes, angular momenta and morphologies of high-redshift galaxies using an update of the Meraxes semi-analytic galaxy evolution model. Our model successfully reproduces a range of observations from redshifts $z=0$-$10$. We find that the effective ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - XIX: Predictions of infrared excess and cosmic star formation rate density from UV observationsMay 07 2019We present a new analysis of high-redshift UV observations using a semi-analytic galaxy formation model, and provide self-consistent predictions of the infrared excess (IRX) - $\beta$ relations and cosmic star formation rate density. We combine the Charlot ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - XVII. Sizes, angular momenta and morphologies of high redshift galaxiesApr 02 2019We study the sizes, angular momenta and morphologies of high-redshift galaxies using an update of the Meraxes semi-analytic galaxy evolution model. Our model successfully reproduces a range of observations from redshifts $z=0$-$10$. We find that the effective ... More

Abell 1201: The anatomy of a cold front cluster from combined optical and X-ray dataOct 25 2008We present a combined X-ray and optical analysis of the cold front cluster Abell 1201 using archival Chandra, data and multi-object spectroscopy taken with the 3.9m Anglo Australian and 6.5m Multiple Mirror Telescopes. This paper represents the first ... More

On the dynamical state of galaxy clusters: insights from cosmological simulations IIMay 24 2016Aug 21 2016Using a suite of cosmology simulations of a sample of $> 120$ galaxy clusters with $\log(M_{DM, vir}) \le 14.5$. We compare clusters that form in purely dark matter run and their counterparts in hydro runs and investigate 4 independent parameters, that ... More

Scaling Relations of Star-Forming Regions: from kpc-size clumps to HII regionsMar 01 2012We present the properties of 8 star-forming regions, or 'clumps,' in 3 galaxies at z~1.3 from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey, which are resolved with the OSIRIS integral field spectrograph. Within turbulent discs, \sigma~90 km/s, clumps are measured with ... More

A hybrid multi resolution scheme to efficiently model the structure of reionization on the largest scalesNov 10 2015Redshifted 21cm measurements of the structure of ionised regions that grow during reionization promise to provide a new probe of early galaxy and structure formation. One of the challenges of modelling reionization is to account both for the sub-halo ... More

Dark ages reionization & galaxy formation simulation XII: Bubbles at dawnApr 18 2017Jul 21 2017Direct detection of regions of ionized hydrogen (HII) has been suggested as a promising probe of cosmic reionization. Observing the redshifted 21-cm signal of hydrogen from the epoch of reionization (EoR) is a key scientific driver behind new-generation, ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - XV. Stellar evolution and feedback in dwarf galaxies at high redshiftAug 10 2018We directly compare predictions of dwarf galaxy properties in a semi-analytic model (SAM) with those extracted from a high-resolution hydrodynamic simulation. We focus on galaxies with halo masses of 1e9<Mvir/Msol<1e11 at high redshift ($z\ge5$). We find ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - XIII. AGN quenching of high-redshift star formation in ZF-COSMOS-20115Apr 11 2017Aug 25 2017Massive quiescent galaxies (MQGs) are thought to have formed stars rapidly at early times followed by a long period of quiescence. The recent discovery of a MQG, ZF-COSMOS-20115 at $z\sim4$, only 1.5 Gyr after the big bang, places new constraints on galaxy ... More

Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation XI: Clustering and halo masses of high redshift galaxiesMar 15 2017Sep 15 2017We investigate the clustering properties of Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) at $z\sim6$ - $8$. Using the semi-analytical model {\scshape Meraxes} constructed as part of the Dark-ages Reionization And Galaxy-formation Observables from Numerical Simulation ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - X. The small contribution of quasars to reionizationMar 15 2017Sep 26 2017Motivated by recent measurements of the number density of faint AGN at high redshift, we investigate the contribution of quasars to reionization by tracking the growth of central supermassive black holes in an update of the Meraxes semi-analytic model. ... More

Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation - IX. Economics of reionizing galaxiesMay 20 2017Jun 19 2017Using a series of high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations we show that during the rapid growth of high-redshift (z > 5) galaxies, reserves of molecular gas are consumed over a time-scale of 300Myr, almost independent of feedback scheme. We find that ... More

Dark-ages reionization and galaxy-formation simulation - VI. The origins and fate of the highest known redshift galaxyMay 25 2016Jan 09 2017Using Hubble data, including new grism spectra, Oesch et al. recently identified GN-z11, an $M_\textrm{UV}$=-21.1 galaxy at $z$=11.1 (just 400Myr after the big bang). With an estimated stellar mass of $\sim$10$^9$M$_{\odot}$, this galaxy is surprisingly ... More

Dark-ages Reionization & Galaxy Formation Simulation II: Spin and concentration parameters for dark matter haloes during the Epoch of ReionizationDec 02 2015We use high resolution N-Body simulations to study the concentration and spin parameters of dark matter haloes in the mass range $10^8\, {\rm M}_{\odot}\, h^{-1} < {\rm M} < 10^{11}\, {\rm M}_{\odot}\, h^{-1}$ and redshifts $5{<}z{<}10$, corresponding ... More

High star formation rates as the origin of turbulence in early and modern disk galaxiesOct 06 2010Oct 13 2010High spatial and spectral resolution observations of star formation and kinematics in early galaxies have shown that two-thirds are massive rotating disk galaxies with the remainder being less massive non-rotating objects. The line of sight averaged velocity ... More

Semi-Analytic Galaxy Evolution (SAGE): Model Calibration and Basic ResultsJan 18 2016Jan 22 2016This paper describes a new publicly available codebase for modelling galaxy formation in a cosmological context, the "Semi-Analytic Galaxy Evolution" model, or SAGE for short. SAGE is a significant update to that used in Croton et al. (2006) and has been ... More

The Theoretical Astrophysical Observatory: Cloud-Based Mock Galaxy CataloguesMar 20 2014Jan 22 2016We introduce the Theoretical Astrophysical Observatory (TAO), an online virtual laboratory that houses mock observations of galaxy survey data. Such mocks have become an integral part of the modern analysis pipeline. However, building them requires an ... More

Are peculiar velocity surveys competitive as a cosmological probe?Dec 04 2013Peculiar velocity surveys, which measure galaxy peculiar velocities directly from standard candles in addition to redshifts, can provide strong constraints on the linear growth rate of cosmological large-scale structure at low redshift. The improvement ... More

The 2-degree Field Lensing Survey: photometric redshifts from a large new training sample to r<19.5Dec 01 2016We present a new training set for estimating empirical photometric redshifts of galaxies, which was created as part of the 2dFLenS project. This training set is located in a 700 sq deg area of the KiDS South field and is randomly selected and nearly complete ... More

The 6dF Galaxy Survey: Bulk Flows on $50-70 h^{-1}$ Mpc scalesNov 21 2015We measure the bulk flow of the local Universe using the 6dF Galaxy Survey peculiar velocity sample (6dFGSv), the largest and most homogeneous peculiar velocity sample to date. 6dFGSv is a Fundamental Plane sample of $\sim10^4$ peculiar velocities covering ... More

KECK/MOSFIRE spectroscopic confirmation of a Virgo-like cluster ancestor at z=2.095Oct 02 2014We present the spectroscopic confirmation of a galaxy cluster at $z=2.095$ in the COSMOS field. This galaxy cluster was first reported in the ZFOURGE survey as harboring evolved massive galaxies using photometric redshifts derived with deep near-infrared ... More

DYNAMO I: A Sample of Ha-Luminous Galaxies with Resolved KinematicsOct 23 2013(abridged) DYNAMO is a multi-wavelength, spatially-resolved survey of local ($z \sim 0.1$) star-forming galaxies designed to study evolution through comparison with samples at z~2. Half of the sample has integrated H-alpha luminosities of >$10^{42}$ erg/s, ... More

Dipole Septum Magnet in the Fast Kicker System for Multi-Axis Advanced RadiographyOct 02 2000Here we present designs for a static septum magnet with two adjacent apertures where ideally one aperture has a uniform dipole field and the other zero field. Two designs are considered. One is a true septum magnet with a thin layer of coils and materials ... More

A New Benchmark For Evaluation Of Graph-Theoretic AlgorithmsMay 05 2010We propose a new graph-theoretic benchmark in this paper. The benchmark is developed to address shortcomings of an existing widely-used graph benchmark. We thoroughly studied a large number of traditional and contemporary graph algorithms reported in ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Direct constraints on blue galaxy intrinsic alignments at intermediate redshiftsNov 27 2009Aug 04 2010Correlations between the intrinsic shapes of galaxy pairs, and between the intrinsic shapes of galaxies and the large-scale density field, may be induced by tidal fields. These correlations, which have been detected at low redshifts (z<0.35) for bright ... More

2dFLenS and KiDS: Determining source redshift distributions with cross-correlationsNov 22 2016We develop a statistical estimator to infer the redshift probability distribution of a photometric sample of galaxies from its angular cross-correlation in redshift bins with an overlapping spectroscopic sample. This estimator is a minimum variance weighted ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: the selection function and z=0.6 galaxy power spectrumMar 30 2010We report one of the most accurate measurements of the three-dimensional large-scale galaxy power spectrum achieved to date, using 56,159 redshifts of bright emission-line galaxies at effective redshift z=0.6 from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey at the ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Galaxy Evolution at 0.25 < z < 0.75 Using The Second Red-Sequence Cluster Survey (RCS-2)Jan 04 2012We study the evolution of galaxy populations around the spectroscopic WiggleZ sample of starforming galaxies at 0.25 < z < 0.75 using the photometric catalog from the Second Red-Sequence Cluster Survey (RCS2). We probe the optical photometric properties ... More

The 2-degree Field Lensing Survey: design and clustering measurementsAug 09 2016We present the 2-degree Field Lensing Survey (2dFLenS), a new galaxy redshift survey performed at the Anglo-Australian Telescope. 2dFLenS is the first wide-area spectroscopic survey specifically targeting the area mapped by deep-imaging gravitational ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Star-formation in UV-luminous galaxies from their luminosity functionsJun 17 2013We present the ultraviolet (UV) luminosity function of galaxies from the GALEX Medium Imaging Survey with measured spectroscopic redshifts from the first data release of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. This sample selects galaxies with high star formation ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Probing the Epoch of Radiation Domination using Large Scale StructureNov 23 2012Nov 03 2015We place the most robust constraint to date on the scale of the turnover in the cosmological matter power spectrum using data from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We find this feature to lie at a scale of $k_0=0.0160^{+0.0041}_{-0.0035}$ [h/Mpc] (68% ... More

KiDS-450 + 2dFLenS: Cosmological parameter constraints from weak gravitational lensing tomography and overlapping redshift-space galaxy clusteringJul 20 2017Nov 08 2017We perform a combined analysis of cosmic shear tomography, galaxy-galaxy lensing tomography, and redshift-space multipole power spectra (monopole and quadrupole) using 450 deg$^2$ of imaging data by the Kilo Degree Survey (KiDS) overlapping with two spectroscopic ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: High Resolution Kinematics of Luminous Star-Forming GalaxiesJul 17 2011We report evidence of ordered orbital motion in luminous star-forming galaxies at z~1.3. We present integral field spectroscopy (IFS) observations, performed with the OH Suppressing InfraRed Imaging Spectrograph (OSIRIS) system, assisted by laser guide ... More

First Results from Z-FOURGE: Discovery of a Candidate Cluster at z = 2.2 in COSMOSDec 12 2011Mar 05 2012We report the first results from the Z-FOURGE survey: the discovery of a candidate galaxy cluster at z = 2.2 consisting of two compact overdensities with red galaxies detected at >20{\sigma} above the mean surface density. The discovery was made possible ... More

Successive minimum spanning treesJun 04 2019In a complete graph $K_n$ with edge weights drawn independently from a uniform distribution $U(0,1)$ (or alternatively an exponential distribution $\operatorname{Exp}(1)$), let $T_1$ be the MST (the spanning tree of minimum weight) and let $T_k$ be the ... More

Fibrewise rational H-spacesAug 20 2012We prove fibrewise versions of classical theorems of Hopf and Leray-Samelson. Our results imply the fibrewise H-triviality after rationalization of a certain class of fibrewise H-spaces. They apply, in particular, to universal adjoint bundles. From this, ... More

The Satisfiability Threshold for k-XORSATDec 09 2012Aug 03 2014We consider "unconstrained" random $k$-XORSAT, which is a uniformly random system of $m$ linear non-homogeneous equations in $\mathbb{F}_2$ over $n$ variables, each equation containing $k \geq 3$ variables, and also consider a "constrained" model where ... More

VCG Auction Mechanism Cost Expectations and VariancesOct 07 2013We consider Vickrey-Clarke-Groves (VCG) auctions for a very general combinatorial structure, in an average-case setting where item costs are independent, identically distributed uniform random variables. We prove that the expected VCG cost is at least ... More

Electric field control of chiral magnetic domains in the high-temperature multiferroic CuOJan 16 2012We have studied the high temperature multiferroic cupric oxide using polarized neutron diffraction as a function of temperature and applied electric field. We find that the chiral domain population can be varied using an external electric field applied ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Survey Design and First Data ReleaseNov 22 2009Nov 24 2009The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey is a survey of 240,000 emission line galaxies in the distant universe, measured with the AAOmega spectrograph on the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT). The target galaxies are selected using ultraviolet photometry from ... More

Geometric scaling of purely-elastic flow instabilitiesSep 23 2011We present a combined experimental, numerical and theoretical investigation of the geometric scaling of the onset of a purely-elastic flow instability in a serpentine channel. Good qualitative agreement is obtained between experiments, using dilute solutions ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Final data release and cosmological resultsOct 08 2012This paper presents cosmological results from the final data release of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We perform full analyses of different cosmological models using the WiggleZ power spectra measured at z=0.22, 0.41, 0.60, and 0.78, combined with other ... More

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: Improved Distance Measurements to z = 1 with Reconstruction of the Baryonic Acoustic FeatureJan 02 2014Jul 28 2014We present significant improvements in cosmic distance measurements from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey, achieved by applying the reconstruction of the baryonic acoustic feature technique. We show using both data and simulations that the reconstruction ... More

Parallelized Inference for Gravitational-Wave AstronomyApr 05 2019Bayesian inference is the workhorse of gravitational-wave astronomy, for example, determining the mass and spins of merging black holes, revealing the neutron star equation of state, and unveiling the population properties of compact binaries. The science ... More

Searching for Maximum Out-Degree Vertices in TournamentsJan 15 2018A vertex $x$ in a tournament $T$ is called a king if for every vertex $y$ of $T$ there is a directed path from $x$ to $y$ of length at most 2. It is not hard to show that every vertex of maximum out-degree in a tournament is a king. However, tournaments ... More

A tight bound on the collection of edges in MSTs of induced subgraphsMay 16 2007Let $G=(V,E)$ be a complete $n$-vertex graph with distinct positive edge weights. We prove that for $k\in\{1,2,...,n-1\}$, the set consisting of the edges of all minimum spanning trees (MSTs) over induced subgraphs of $G$ with $n-k+1$ vertices has at ... More

The Interlace Polynomial of a GraphSep 04 2002Aug 13 2004Motivated by circle graphs, and the enumeration of Euler circuits, we define a one-variable ``interlace polynomial'' for any graph. The polynomial satisfies a beautiful and unexpected reduction relation, quite different from the cut and fuse reduction ... More

A Two-Variable Interlace PolynomialSep 05 2002Aug 13 2004We introduce a new graph polynomial in two variables. This ``interlace'' polynomial can be computed in two very different ways. The first is an expansion analogous to the state space expansion of the Tutte polynomial; the significant differences are that ... More

Using the topology of large-scale structure in the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey as a cosmological standard rulerOct 25 2013We present new and accurate measurements of the cosmic distance-redshift relation, spanning 0.2 < z < 1, using the topology of large-scale structure as a cosmological standard ruler. Our results derive from an analysis of the Minkowski functionals of ... More

Globular clusters and supermassive black holes in galaxies: further analysis and a larger sampleDec 18 2013We explore several correlations between various large-scale galaxy properties, particularly total globular cluster population (N_GCS), the central black hole mass (M_BH), velocity dispersion (nominally sigma_e), and bulge mass (M_dyn). Our data sample ... More

Determining accurate measurements of the growth rate from the galaxy correlation function in simulationsFeb 21 2013We use high-resolution N-body simulations to develop a new, flexible, empirical approach for measuring the growth rate from redshift-space distortions (RSD) in the 2-point galaxy correlation function. We quantify the systematic error in measuring the ... More

Structure of random r-SAT below the pure literal thresholdAug 06 2010It is well known that there is a sharp density threshold for a random $r$-SAT formula to be satisfiable, and a similar, smaller, threshold for it to be satisfied by the pure literal rule. Also, above the satisfiability threshold, where a random formula ... More

XORRO: Rapid Paired-End Read OverlapperApr 16 2013Background: Computational analysis of next-generation sequencing data is outpaced by data generation in many cases. In one such case, paired-end reads can be produced from the Illumina sequencing method faster than they can be overlapped by downstream ... More

Online Sum-Paintability: Slow-Coloring of TreesDec 14 2016Oct 02 2017The slow-coloring game is played by Lister and Painter on a graph $G$. On each round, Lister marks a nonempty subset $M$ of the remaining vertices, scoring $|M|$ points. Painter then gives a color to a subset of $M$ that is independent in $G$. The game ... More

Variability in Optical Spectra of epsilon OrionisJan 23 2013Mar 02 2013We present the results of a time-series analysis of 130 echelle spectra of epsilon Ori (B0 Ia), acquired over seven observing seasons between 1998 and 2006 at Ritter Observatory. The equivalent widths of Halpha (net) and He I 5876 were measured and radial ... More

Excision boundary conditions for the conformal metricOct 24 2008Shibata, Ury\=u and Friedman recently suggested a new decomposition of Einstein's equations that is useful for constructing initial data. In contrast to previous decompositions, the conformal metric is no longer treated as a freely-specifiable variable, ... More

Measuring eccentricity in binary black-hole initial dataJun 28 2007Initial data for evolving black-hole binaries can be constructed via many techniques, and can represent a wide range of physical scenarios. However, because of the way that different schemes parameterize the physical aspects of a configuration, it is ... More

Conformal thin-sandwich puncture initial data for boosted black holesFeb 14 2005May 23 2005We apply the puncture approach to conformal thin-sandwich black-hole initial data. We solve numerically the conformal thin-sandwich puncture (CTSP) equations for a single black hole with non-zero linear momentum. We show that conformally flat solutions ... More

Inspiral, merger and ring-down of equal-mass black-hole binariesOct 25 2006Jun 22 2007We investigate the dynamics and gravitational-wave (GW) emission in the binary merger of equal-mass black holes as obtained from numerical relativity simulations. Results from the evolution of three sets of initial data are explored in detail, corresponding ... More

An autoregressive model leading to stable distributionsMay 26 2015May 28 2015We construct an autoregressive model with random coefficients that has a stationary distribution after proper normalization. This limit distribution is found to be stable.

The rational homotopy type of the space of self-equivalences of a fibrationMar 09 2009Sep 04 2010Let Aut(p) denote the topological monoid of self-fibre-homotopy equivalences of a fibration p:E\to B. We make a general study of this monoid, especially in rational homotopy theory. When E and B are simply connected CW complexes with E finite, we identify ... More

Constraining the last 7 billion years of galaxy evolution in semi-analytic modelsOct 11 2012Nov 30 2012We investigate the ability of the Croton et al. (2006) semi-analytic model to reproduce the evolution of observed galaxies across the final 7 billion years of cosmic history. Using Monte-Carlo Markov Chain techniques we explore the available parameter ... More

How does our choice of observable influence our estimation of the centre of a galaxy cluster? Insights from cosmological simulationsDec 03 2015Galaxy clusters are an established and powerful test-bed for theories of both galaxy evolution and cosmology. Accurate interpretation of cluster observations often requires robust identification of the location of the centre. Using a statistical sample ... More

The use of conflicts in searching Bayesian networksMar 06 2013This paper discusses how conflicts (as used by the consistency-based diagnosis community) can be adapted to be used in a search-based algorithm for computing prior and posterior probabilities in discrete Bayesian Networks. This is an "anytime" algorithm, ... More

Asymptotic distribution of the numbers of vertices and arcs of the giant strong component in sparse random digraphsMay 15 2014May 20 2015Two models of a random digraph on $n$ vertices, $D(n,\text{Prob}(\text{arc})=p)$ and $D(n,\text{number of arcs}=m)$ are studied. In 1990, Karp for $D(n,p)$ and independently T. \L uczak for $D(n,m=cn)$ proved that for $c>1$, with probability tending to ... More

The a-function in three dimensions: beyond leading orderJul 01 2016Jan 04 2017Recently, evidence was provided for the existence of an $a$-function for renormalisable quantum field theories in three dimensions. An explicit expression was given at lowest order for general theories involving scalars and fermions, and shown to be related ... More

Consistency of non-minimal renormalisation schemesMar 23 2016Non-minimal renormalisation schemes such as the momentum subtraction scheme (MOM) have frequently been used for physical computations. The consistency of such a scheme relies on the existence of a coupling redefinition linking it to MSbar. We discuss ... More

Scheme invariants in phi^4 theory in four dimensionsJun 22 2018Sep 18 2018We provide an analysis of the structure of renormalisation scheme invariants for the case of $\phi^4$ theory, relevant in four dimensions. We give a complete discussion of the invariants up to four loops and include some partial results at five loops, ... More

On the applicability of the two-band model to describe transport across n-p junctions in bilayer grapheneJan 11 2010We extend the low-energy effective two-band Hamiltonian for electrons in bilayer graphene (E. McCann, V. I. Fal'ko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 (2006) 86805) to include a spatially dependent electrostatic potential. We find that this Hamiltonian contains additional ... More

Symbolic computation of conservation laws for nonlinear partial differential equations in multiple space dimensionsJul 29 2010Aug 04 2011A method for symbolically computing conservation laws of nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) in multiple space dimensions is presented in the language of variational calculus and linear algebra. The steps of the method are illustrated using ... More

CANDELS Visual Classifications: Scheme, Data Release, and First ResultsJan 10 2014Oct 09 2015We have undertaken an ambitious program to visually classify all galaxies in the five CANDELS fields down to H<24.5 involving the dedicated efforts of 65 individual classifiers. Once completed, we expect to have detailed morphological classifications ... More

Birth of a giant $(k_1,k_2)$-core in the random digraphAug 17 2016The $(k_1,k_2)$-core of a digraph is the largest sub-digraph with minimum in-degree and minimum out-degree at least $k_1$ and $k_2$ respectively. For $\max\{k_1, k_2\} \geq 2$, we establish existence of the threshold edge-density $c^*=c^*(k_1,k_2)$, such ... More

Why is Compiling Lifted Inference into a Low-Level Language so Effective?Jun 14 2016First-order knowledge compilation techniques have proven efficient for lifted inference. They compile a relational probability model into a target circuit on which many inference queries can be answered efficiently. Early methods used data structures ... More

Probabilistic Semantics and DefaultsMar 27 2013There is much interest in providing probabilistic semantics for defaults but most approaches seem to suffer from one of two problems: either they require numbers, a problem defaults were intended to avoid, or they generate peculiar side effects. Rather ... More

Robust split-step Fourier methods for simulating the propagation of ultra-short pulses in single- and two-mode optical communication fibersApr 06 2015Extensions of the split-step Fourier method (SSFM) for Schr\"odinger-type pulse propagation equations for simulating femto-second pulses in single- and two-mode optical communication fibers are developed and tested for Gaussian pulses. The core idea of ... More

Constraints on 3- and 4-loop $β$-functions in a general four-dimensional Quantum Field TheoryJun 11 2019Jun 12 2019The $ \beta $-functions of marginal couplings are known to be closely related to the $ A $-function through Osborn's equation, derived using the local renormalization group. It is possible to derive strong constraints on the $\beta$-functions by parametrizing ... More

Constraint Processing in Lifted Probabilistic InferenceMay 09 2012First-order probabilistic models combine representational power of first-order logic with graphical models. There is an ongoing effort to design lifted inference algorithms for first-order probabilistic models. We analyze lifted inference from the perspective ... More

Computing the refined stability conditionJul 17 2012The classical (inviscid) stability analysis of shock waves is based on the Lopatinski determinant, \Delta---a function of frequencies whose zeros determine the stability of the underlying shock. A careful analysis of \Delta\ shows that in some cases the ... More

MLtuner: System Support for Automatic Machine Learning TuningMar 20 2018MLtuner automatically tunes settings for training tunables (such as the learning rate, the momentum, the mini-batch size, and the data staleness bound) that have a significant impact on large-scale machine learning (ML) performance. Traditionally, these ... More

Comment on "Evidence for a small hole pocket in the Fermi surface of underdoped YBa2Cu3Oy; [arXiv:1409.2788v1]"Sep 16 2014Oct 06 2014N. Doiron-Leyraud et al. in [1] report on the experimental observation of small holes pockets in the energy spectrum of YBa2Cu3Oy (YBCO) coming below the transition into the charge ordered (CO) phase as a result of a Fermi surface (FS) reconstruction. ... More

Casual Stability of Some Systems of Random VariablesAug 17 2014Self-similarity of systems is very popular and intensively developing field during last decades. To this field belong so-called stable distributions and their generalization. In Klebanov and Sl\'amov\'a (2014) there was given an approach to define additive ... More

On the dual role of the d-electrons in iron-pnictidesAug 18 2012Jan 09 2013In the stoichiometric Fe-pnictides the same d-electrons form the local moments and participate in the metallic conductivity. In the manuscript the emergence of the magnetic moments on the Fe-sites, their interaction with the itinerant electrons are studied ... More

Edge connectivity and the spectral gap of combinatorial and quantum graphsFeb 17 2017We derive a number of upper and lower bounds for the first nontrivial eigenvalue of a finite quantum graph in terms of the edge connectivity of the graph, i.e., the minimal number of edges which need to be removed to make the graph disconnected. On combinatorial ... More

Low-mass galaxy formation and the ionizing photon budget during reionizationMay 29 2014Jul 20 2014We use high-resolution simulations of cosmological volumes to model galaxy formation at high-redshift, with the goal of studying the photon budget for reionization. We demonstrate that galaxy formation models that include a strong, thermally coupled supernovae ... More

Two regimes in conductivity and the Hall coefficient of underdoped cuprates in strong magnetic fieldsNov 19 2013We address recent experiments shedding light on the energy spectrum of under- and optimally doped cuprates at temperatures above superconducting transition. Angle resolved photoemission reveals coherent excitation only near nodal points on parts of the ... More

On electron-hole symmetry and phase separation in some electron doped cupratesSep 16 2005We conclude from the analysis of the experimental NMR data for electron-doped cuprates that the Coulomb effects caused by doping lead to dynamical spatial phase separation that contributes to the nuclear spin relaxation. Remarkable, the "infinite-layer" ... More

The Double Cluster G185 in M31Feb 11 1995We have identified a small globular cluster in M31 located approximately 4 arcseconds northwest of the M31 globular cluster G185. While several multiple globular clusters have been observed in the Magellanic Clouds none have been found in the Galaxy or ... More

Two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy for the quantum-optics enthusiastJul 22 2013Recent interest in the role of quantum mechanics in the primary events of photosynthetic energy transfer has led to a convergence of nonlinear optical spectroscopy and quantum optics on the topic of energy-transfer dynamics in pigment-protein complexes. ... More

Quasi-circular Orbits for Spinning Binary Black HolesJun 22 2000Using an effective potential method we examine binary black holes where the individual holes carry spin. We trace out sequences of quasi-circular orbits and locate the innermost stable circular orbit as a function of spin. At large separations, the sequences ... More

Semiclassical framed BPS statesDec 30 2015Feb 25 2016We provide a semiclassical description of framed BPS states in four-dimensional N = 2 super Yang-Mills theories probed by 't Hooft defects, in terms of a supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the moduli space of singular monopoles. Framed BPS states, like ... More

A High-Quality Speech and Audio Codec With Less Than 10 ms DelayFeb 17 2016With increasing quality requirements for multimedia communications, audio codecs must maintain both high quality and low delay. Typically, audio codecs offer either low delay or high quality, but rarely both. We propose a codec that simultaneously addresses ... More

Testing a Simplified Version of Einstein's Equations for Numerical RelativityDec 05 1995Solving dynamical problems in general relativity requires the full machinery of numerical relativity. Wilson has proposed a simpler but approximate scheme for systems near equilibrium, like binary neutron stars. We test the scheme on isolated, rapidly ... More

Deep HST V- and I-Band Observations of Two Globular Clusters in the Halo of M31Aug 25 1997We present deep (V ~= 27) V- and I-band stellar photometry of G302 and G312, two globular star clusters in the halo of M31. These data were obtained using the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field/Planetary Camera 2. We find iron abundances of [Fe/H] = ... More

The White Dwarf Cooling Age of M67Jun 12 1998Jul 22 1998A deep imaging survey covering the entire $23\arcmin$ diameter of the old open cluster M67 to $V = 25$ has been carried out using the mosaic imager (UHCam) on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. The cluster color-magnitude diagram (CMD) can be traced ... More

Surgery principles for the spectral analysis of quantum graphsJul 21 2018We present a systematic collection of spectral surgery principles for the Laplacian on a metric graph with any of the usual vertex conditions (natural, Dirichlet or $\delta$-type), which show how various types of changes of a local or localised nature ... More

The Pulsar-White Dwarf-Planet System in Messier 4: Improved AstrometrySep 17 2003A young and undermassive white dwarf has been identified as the possible companion to the millisecond pulsar PSR B1620-26 in Messier 4. This association is important as it then helps constrain the mass of the third body in the system to be of order a ... More

Two-component energy spectrum of cuprates in the pseudogap phase and its evolution with temperature and at charge orderingJul 22 2014Mar 04 2015In the search for mechanisms of high-temperature superconductivity it is critical to know the electronic spectrum in the pseudogap phase from which superconductivity evolves. The lack of angle-resolved photoemission data for every cuprate family precludes ... More