total 67278took 0.14s

The remote detectability of Earth's biosphere through time and the importance of UV capability for characterizing habitable exoplanetsMar 13 2019Thousands of planets beyond our solar system have been discovered to date, dozens of which are rocky in composition and are orbiting within the circumstellar habitable zone of their host star. The next frontier in life detection beyond our solar system ... More

Exploring the composition of icy bodies at the fringes of the Solar System with next generation space telescopesMar 18 2019Determining the distribution and spectral signature of volatile ices and organics exposed on icy body surfaces can provide crucial clues for deciphering how the outer solar system formed and evolved. Over the past few decades, ground- and space-based ... More

A Statistical Comparative Planetology Approach to Maximize the Scientific Return of Future Exoplanet Characterization EffortsMar 12 2019Provided that sufficient resources are deployed, we can look forward to an extraordinary future in which we will characterize potentially habitable planets. Until now, we have had to base interpretations of observations on habitability hypotheses that ... More

Evolved Climates and Observational Discriminants for the TRAPPIST-1 Planetary SystemSep 20 2018The TRAPPIST-1 planetary system provides an unprecedented opportunity to study terrestrial exoplanet evolution with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and ground-based observatories. Since M dwarf planets likely experience extreme volatile loss, the ... More

Imaging Cool Giant Planets in Reflected Light: Science Investigations and Synergy with Habitable PlanetsMar 22 2019Planned astronomical observatories of the 2020s will be capable of obtaining reflected light photometry and spectroscopy of cool extrasolar giant planets. Here we explain that such data are valuable both for understanding the origin and evolution of giant ... More

Pale Orange Dots: The Impact of Organic Haze on the Habitability and Detectability of Earthlike ExoplanetsFeb 09 2017Hazes are common in known planet atmospheres, and geochemical evidence suggests early Earth occasionally supported an organic haze with significant environmental and spectral consequences. The UV spectrum of the parent star drives organic haze formation ... More

Explicit cloud representation in the Atmos 1D climate model for Earth and rocky planet applicationsNov 27 20181D climate models are less sophisticated than 3D global circulation models (GCMs), however their computational time is much less expensive, allowing a large number of runs in a short period of time to explore a wide parameter space. Exploring parameter ... More

3D modeling of GJ1214b's atmosphere: formation of inhomogeneous high clouds and observational implicationsOct 06 2015The warm sub-Neptune GJ1214b has a featureless transit spectrum which may be due to the presence of high and thick clouds or haze. Here, we simulate the atmosphere of GJ1214b with a 3D General Circulation Model for cloudy hydrogen-dominated atmospheres, ... More

Identifying Planetary Biosignature Impostors: Spectral Features of CO and O4 Resulting from Abiotic O2/O3 ProductionFeb 17 2016O2 and O3 have been long considered the most robust individual biosignature gases in a planetary atmosphere, yet multiple mechanisms that may produce them in the absence of life have been described. However, these abiotic planetary mechanisms modify the ... More

The Habitability of Proxima Centauri b: II: Environmental States and Observational DiscriminantsAug 30 2016Proxima Centauri b provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand the evolution and nature of terrestrial planets orbiting M dwarfs. Although Proxima Cen b orbits within its star's habitable zone, multiple plausible evolutionary paths could have ... More

Bayesian Deep Learning for Exoplanet Atmospheric RetrievalNov 08 2018Dec 02 2018Over the past decade, the study of extrasolar planets has evolved rapidly from plain detection and identification to comprehensive categorization and characterization of exoplanet systems and their atmospheres. Atmospheric retrieval, the inverse modeling ... More

Finding the Needles in the Haystacks: High-Fidelity Models of the Modern and Archean Solar System for Simulating Exoplanet ObservationsOct 17 2017We present two state-of-the-art models of the solar system, one corresponding to the present day and one to the Archean Eon 3.5 billion years ago. Each model contains spatial and spectral information for the star, the planets, and the interplanetary dust, ... More

Probing the "Sea" of Galactic Cosmic Rays with Fermi-LATNov 29 2018High energy $\gamma$ rays from Giant Molecular Clouds (GMCs) carry direct information about spatial and energy distributions of Galactic Cosmic Rays (CRs). The recently released catalogues of GMCs contain sufficiently massive clouds to be used as barometers ... More

Is the Pale Blue Dot unique? Optimized photometric bands for identifying Earth-like exoplanetsDec 01 2015Jan 29 2016The next generation of ground and space-based telescopes will image habitable planets around nearby stars. A growing literature describes how to characterize such planets with spectroscopy, but less consideration has been given to the usefulness of planet ... More

Habitable Moist Atmospheres On Terrestrial Planets Near the Inner Edge Of the Habitable Zone Around M-dwarfsMay 29 2017Jul 04 2017Terrestrial planets in the habitable zones (HZs) of low-mass stars and cool dwarfs have received significant scrutiny recently because their shorter orbital periods increase their chances of detection and characterization compared to planets around G-dwarfs. ... More

Exoplanet Biosignatures: A Review of Remotely Detectable Signs of LifeMay 16 2017Jun 25 2018In the coming years and decades, advanced space- and ground-based observatories will allow an unprecedented opportunity to probe the atmospheres and surfaces of potentially habitable exoplanets for signatures of life. Life on Earth, through its gaseous ... More

Exoplanet Biosignatures: Understanding Oxygen as a Biosignature in the Context of Its EnvironmentMay 22 2017Here we review how environmental context can be used to interpret whether O2 is a biosignature in extrasolar planetary observations. This paper builds on the overview of current biosignature research discussed in Schwieterman et al. (2017), and provides ... More

Venus: The Making of an Uninhabitable WorldJan 09 2018The goals of the astrobiology community are focussed on developing a framework for the detection of biosignatures, or evidence thereof, on objects inside and outside of our solar system. A fundamental aspect of understanding the limits of habitable environments ... More

The Importance of Multiple Observation Methods to Characterize Potentially Habitable Exoplanets: Ground- and Space-Based SynergiesMar 08 2018The discovery of a truly habitable exoplanet would be one of the most important events in the history of science. However, the nature and distribution of habitable environments on exoplanets is currently unconstrained. The exoplanet revolution teaches ... More

The Pale Orange Dot: The Spectrum and Habitability of Hazy Archean EarthOct 14 2016Recognizing whether a planet can support life is a primary goal of future exoplanet spectral characterization missions, but past research on habitability assessment has largely ignored the vastly different conditions that have existed in our planet's ... More

Stellar Activity Effects on Moist Habitable Terrestrial Atmospheres Around M dwarfsFeb 11 2019Transit spectroscopy of terrestrial planets around nearby M dwarfs is a primary goal of space missions in coming decades. 3-D climate modeling has shown that slow-synchronous rotating terrestrial planets may develop thick clouds at the substellar point, ... More

Evolution of Li, Be and B in the GalaxyOct 15 2001In this paper we study the production of Li, Be and B nuclei by Galactic cosmic ray spallation processes. We include three kinds of processes: (i) spallation by light cosmic rays impinging on interstellar CNO nuclei (direct processes); (ii) spallation ... More

The Habitability of Proxima Centauri b I: Evolutionary ScenariosAug 24 2016We analyze the evolution of the potentially habitable planet Proxima Centauri b to identify environmental factors that affect its long-term habitability. We consider physical processes acting on size scales ranging between the galactic scale, the scale ... More

Highly Volcanic Exoplanets, Lava Worlds, and Magma Ocean Worlds: An Emerging Class of Dynamic Exoplanets of Significant Scientific PriorityApr 13 2018Highly volcanic exoplanets, which can be variously characterized as 'lava worlds', 'magma ocean worlds', or 'super-Ios' are high priority targets for investigation. The term 'lava world' may refer to any planet with extensive surface lava lakes, while ... More

Restructuring the "one-way CSA" counterparty risk in a CDOOct 26 2013We show how to restructure the counterparty risk faced by the originator of a securitization or covered bond arising from an interest rate hedging swap assisted by a "one-way" collateral agreement. This risk emerges when the swap is negotiated between ... More

First order phase transition in a nonequilibrium growth processMay 25 2000We introduce a simple continuous model for nonequilibrium surface growth. The dynamics of the system is defined by the KPZ equation with a Morse-like potential representing a short range interaction between the surface and the substrate. The mean field ... More

Energy Diffusion in Harmonic System with Conservative NoiseJun 29 2013We prove diffusive behaviour of the energy fluctuations in a system of harmonic oscillators with a stochastic perturbation of the dynamics that conserves energy and momentum. The results concern pinned systems or lattice dimension $d\ge 3$, where the ... More

Convergence of a kinetic equation to a fractional diffusion equationSep 18 2009A linear Boltzmann equation is interpreted as the forward equation for the probability density of a Markov process (K(t), Y(t)), where K(t) is a autonomous reversible jump process, with waiting times between two jumps with finite expectation value but ... More

Funded Bilateral Valuation AdjustmentNov 07 2012We show how the cost of funding the collateral in a particular set up can be equal to the Bilateral Valuation Adjustment with the "funded" probability of default, leading to the definition of a Funded Bilateral Valuation Adjustment (FBVA). That set up ... More

Algorithms of maximum likelihood data clustering with applicationsApr 09 2002We address the problem of data clustering by introducing an unsupervised, parameter free approach based on maximum likelihood principle. Starting from the observation that data sets belonging to the same cluster share a common information, we construct ... More

Data clustering and noise undressing for correlation matricesJan 16 2001We discuss a new approach to data clustering. We find that maximum likelihood leads naturally to an Hamiltonian of Potts variables which depends on the correlation matrix and whose low temperature behavior describes the correlation structure of the data. ... More

A note on replicating a CDS through a repo and an asset swapApr 30 2013In this note we show how to replicate a stylized CDS with a repurchase agreement and an asset swap. The latter must be designed in such a way that, on default of the issuer, it is terminated with a zero close-out amount. This break clause can be priced ... More

Bilateral Credit Valuation Adjustment of an Optional Early Termination ClauseMay 09 2012Jan 23 2013Is an option to early terminate a swap at its market value worth zero? At first sight it is, but in presence of counterparty risk it depends on the criteria used to determine such market value. In case of a single uncollateralised swap transaction under ... More

Teaching statistics with Excel and RJan 11 2006Despite several deficiencies, the use of spreadsheets in statistics courses is increasingly common. In this paper we discuss many shortcomings resulting from this approach. We suggest a technique integrating a spreadsheet and a dedicated software package ... More

Quantifying playmaking ability in hockeyJul 24 2013It is often said that a sign of a great player is that he makes the players around him better. The player may or may not score much himself, but his teammates perform better when he plays. One way a hockey player can improve his or her teammates' performance ... More

Life Beyond the Solar System: Remotely Detectable BiosignaturesJan 20 2018For the first time in human history, we will soon be able to apply the scientific method to the question "Are We Alone?" The rapid advance of exoplanet discovery, planetary systems science, and telescope technology will soon allow scientists to search ... More

Thermal Conductivity for a Momentum Conserving ModelJan 24 2006Aug 02 2008We introduce a model whose thermal conductivity diverges in dimension 1 and 2, while it remains finite in dimension 3. We consider a system of oscillators perturbed by a stochastic dynamics conserving momentum and energy. We compute thermal conductivity ... More

Energy transport in stochastically perturbed lattice dynamicsMay 20 2008Sep 12 2008We consider lattice dynamics with a small stochastic perturbation of order ε and prove that for a space-time scale of order \varepsilon\^-1 the local spectral density (Wigner function) evolves according to a linear transport equation describing inelastic ... More

A pseudo-spectral method for the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equationDec 18 2001May 03 2002We discuss a numerical scheme to solve the continuum Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation in generic spatial dimensions. It is based on a momentum-space discretization of the continuum equation and on a pseudo-spectral approximation of the non-linear term. The ... More

A diffusion limit for a test particle in a random distribution of scatterersJul 08 2013We consider a point particle moving in a random distribution of obstacles described by a potential barrier. We show that, in a weak-coupling regime, under a diffusion limit suggested by the potential itself, the probability distribution of the particle ... More

A gradient flow approach to linear Boltzmann equationsJul 28 2017Nov 14 2018We introduce a gradient flow formulation of linear Boltzmann equations. Under a diffusive scaling we derive a diffusion equation by using the machinery of gradient flows.

The VMC survey - XXXI. The spatially resolved star formation history of the main body of the Small Magellanic CloudMay 11 2018We recover the spatially resolved star formation history across the entire main body and Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), using fourteen deep tile images from the VISTA survey of the Magellanic Clouds (VMC), in the YJKs filters. The analysis ... More

A momentum conserving model with anomalous thermal conductivity in low dimensionSep 27 2005May 23 2006Anomalous large thermal conductivity has been observed numerically and experimentally in one and two dimensional systems. All explicitly solvable microscopic models proposed to date did not explain this phenomenon and there is an open debate about the ... More

Diffusion limit for a kinetic equation with a thermostatted interfaceMar 06 2019We consider a linear phonon Boltzmann equation with a reflecting/transmitting/absorbing interface. This equation appears as the Boltzmann-Grad limit for the energy density function of a harmonic chain of oscillators with inter-particle stochastic scattering ... More

Thermal conductivity in harmonic lattices with random collisionsSep 08 2015Dec 23 2015We review recent rigorous mathematical results about the macroscopic behaviour of harmonic chains with the dynamics perturbed by a random exchange of velocities between nearest neighbor particles. The random exchange models the effects of nonlinearities ... More

Exoplanet Diversity in the Era of Space-based Direct Imaging MissionsMar 10 2018This whitepaper discusses the diversity of exoplanets that could be detected by future observations, so that comparative exoplanetology can be performed in the upcoming era of large space-based flagship missions. The primary focus will be on characterizing ... More

Relativistic surface-plasmon enhanced harmonic generation from gratingsNov 21 2016The role of relativistic surface plasmons (SPs) in high order harmonic emission from laser-irradiated grating targets has been investigated by means of particle-in-cell simulations. SP excitation drives a strong enhancement of the intensity of harmonics, ... More

Derivation of the Fick's Law for the Lorentz Model in a low density regimeApr 16 2014Apr 13 2016We consider the Lorentz model in a slab with two mass reservoirs at the boundaries. We show that, in a low density regime, there exists a unique stationary solution for the microscopic dynamics which converges to the stationary solution of the heat equation, ... More

Circumstellar Na I and Ca II lines of type Ia supernovae in symbiotic scenarioJan 29 2008Formation of circumstellar lines of Na I and Ca II in type Ia supernovae is studied for the case, when supernova explodes in a binary system with a red giant. The model suggests a spherically-symmetric wind and takes into account ionization and heating ... More

Broad emission lines from opaque electron-scattering environment of SN 1998SJun 13 2001I propose that broad narrow-topped emission lines with full width at zero intensity >20000 km/s, seen in early-time spectra of SN 1998S, originate from a dense circumstellar gas and not from the supernova ejecta. The tremendous line width is the result ... More

Circumstellar interaction in type Ibn supernovae and SN 2006jcAug 05 2009I analyse peculiar properties of light curve and continua of enigmatic Ibn supernovae, including SN 2006jc, and argue in favour of the early strong circumstellar interaction. This interaction explains the high luminosity and fast flux rise of SN 1999cq, ... More

Light Scalar Mesons as Manifestation of Spontaneously Broken Chiral SymmetryJan 20 2010Attention is paid to the production mechanisms of light scalars that reveal their nature. We reveal the chiral shielding of the \sigma(600) meson. We show that the kaon loop mechanism of the \phi radiative decays, ratified by experiment, points to the ... More

Strong decays of P wave baryons in the $1/N_c$ expansionApr 18 2005The hadronic decays of non-strange negative parity baryons are analyzed in the framework of the 1/Nc expansion. A complete basis of spin-flavor operators for the pseudoscalar meson S and D partial wave amplitudes is established to order 1/Nc and the unknown ... More

Two and Three parametric regular generalizations of spherically symmetric and axially symmetric metricsNov 22 2002Regular generalizations of spherically and axially symmetric metrics and their properties are considered. Newton gravity law generalizations are reduced for null geodesic.

Stripes ordering in self-stratification experiments of binary and ternary granular mixturesApr 25 2000The self-stratification of binary and ternary granular mixtures has been experimentally investigated. Ternary mixtures lead to a particular ordering of the strates which was not accounted for in former explanations. Bouncing grains are found to have an ... More

Partition test and sexual motivation in male miceAug 02 2007Theoretical analysis of own and literature investigations of sexual motivation with the use of the partition test [Kudryavtseva, 1987, 1994] in male mice was carried out. It has been shown that appearance of a receptive female in the neighboring compartment ... More

Spin Dependence of Diffractive Vector Meson ProductionAug 24 1999Aug 26 1999I review the recent progress in the theory of s-channel helicity nonconservation (SCHNC) effects in diffractive DIS. SCHNC in diffractive vector meson production is an unique probe of the spin-orbit coupling and Fermi motion of quarks in vector mesons. ... More

Helicity Flip in Diffractive DISAug 26 1999I review new results on s-channel helicity nonconservation (SCHNC) in diffractive DIS. I discuss how by virtue of unitarity diffractive DIS gives rise to spin structure functions which were believed to vanish at x << 1. These include tensor polarization ... More

Asymptotic behaviour of the total cross section of p-p scattering and the Akeno cosmic ray dataApr 21 1993I present a new determination of the total cross section for proton-proton collisions from the recent Akeno results on absorption of the cosmic ray protons in the p-Air collisions. Extrapolation to the SSC energy suggests $\sigma_{tot}(p-p) \approx (160-170) ... More

SN 2011ht: Weak explosion in massive extended envelopeOct 21 2015Oct 29 2015A possibility is explored to account for the light curve and the low expansion velocity of the supernova SN~2011ht, a member of group of three objects showing signatures of both IIn and IIP supernovae. It is argued that the radiated energy and the expansion ... More

Affine metrics and algebroid structures: Application to general relativity and unificationAug 14 2011Affine metrics and its associated algebroid bundle are developed. Theses structures are applied to the general relativity and provide an structure for unification of gravity and electromagnetism. The final result is a field equation on the associated ... More

$ΔS = 1$ Hadronic Weak Decays of Hyperons in a Soliton ModelSep 23 1997We study the parity violating hyperon non-leptonic weak decays in the three flavor Skyrme model. We follow the approach in which the symmetry breaking terms in the action are diagonalized exactly within the collective coordinate approximation. We show ... More

Fate of k_perp-factorization for hard processes in nuclear environmentDec 15 2004Large thickness of heavy nuclei brings in a new scale into the pQCD description of hard processes in nuclear environment. The familiar linear $k_{\perp}$-factorization breaks down and must be replaced by a new concept of the nonlinear $k_{\perp}$-factorization ... More

Random data Cauchy theory for supercritical wave equations I: Local theoryJul 10 2007We study the local existence of strong solutions for the cubic nonlinear wave equation with data in $H^s(M)$, $s<1/2$, where $M$ is a three dimensional compact riemannian manifold. This problem is supercritical and can be shown to be strongly ill-posed ... More

Asymmetry of $^{56}$Ni ejecta and polarization in type IIP supernova 2004djAug 21 2006I study a problem, whether the asymmetry of a $^{56}$Ni ejecta that results in the asymmetry of the H$\alpha$ emission line at the nebular epoch of the type IIP supernova SN 2004dj is able also to account for the recently detected polarization of the ... More

Non-Abelian Lovelock-Born-Infeld Topological Black HolesSep 02 2009Oct 24 2009We present the asymptotically AdS solutions of the Einstein gravity with hyperbolic horizons in the presence of $So(n(n-1)/2-1, 1)$ Yang-Mills fields governed by the non-Abelian Born-Infeld lagrangian. We investigate the properties of these solutions ... More

Gaussian measures associated to the higher order conservation laws of the Benjamin-Ono equationSep 24 2011Jul 04 2012Inspired by the work of Zhidkov on the KdV equation, we perform a construction of weighted gaussian measures associated to the higher order conservation laws of the Benjamin-Ono equation. The resulting measures are supported by Sobolev spaces of increasing ... More

Stability of the Lepton-Flavor Mixing Matrix Against Quantum CorrectionsJun 24 1999Recent neutrino experiments suggest the strong evidences of tiny neutrino masses and the lepton-flavor mixing. Neutrino-oscillation solutions for the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and the solar neutrino deficit can determine the texture of neutrino mass ... More

Yukawa Interaction from a SUSY Composite ModelSep 04 1997We present a composite model that is based on non-perturbative effects of N=1 supersymmetric SU(N_C) gauge theory with N_f=N_C+1 flavors. In this model, we consider N_C=7, where all matter fields in the supersymmetric standard model, that is, quarks, ... More

Static Configurations of Dark Energy and Dark MatterSep 26 2005Dec 08 2005We study static configurations of dark matter coupled to a scalar field responsible for the dark energy of the Universe. The dark matter is modelled as a Fermi gas within the Thomas-Fermi approximation. The mass of the dark matter particles is a function ... More

Colour transparency: a novel test of QCD in nuclear interactionsApr 20 1993Colour transparency is a cute and indispensable property of QCD as the gauge theory of strong interaction. CT tests of QCD consist of production of the perturbative small-sized hadronic state and measuring the strngth of its non-perturbative diffraction ... More

Intrinsic $k_{\perp}$ in the pomeronMay 31 1999Aug 20 1999In a consistent QCD approach to diffractive DIS gluons in the pomeron have soft $z_{g}$ distribution and very broad intrinsic $k_{\perp}$ distribution. The latter has not yet been incorporated into diffractive Monte-Carlo generators (RAPGAP,....). I argue ... More

An example of a 16-vertex Folkman edge (3,4)-graph without 8-cliquesFeb 12 2006In this paper we prove a new upper bouhd on an edge Folkman number. In a previous paper we have proved that this bound is exact.

Invariant measure for a three dimensional nonlinear wave equationJul 10 2007We study the long time behavior of the subcritical (subcubic) defocussing nonlinear wave equation on the three dimensional ball, for random data of low regularity. We prove that for a large set of radial initial data in $\cap_{s<1/2} H^s(B(0,1))$ the ... More

Effective quantum number for axially symmetric problemsAug 15 2014We generalize the universal effective quantum number introduced earlier for centrally symmetric problems. The proposed number determines the semiclassical quantization condition for axially symmetric potentials.

Propagation of a Dark Soliton in a Disordered Bose-Einstein CondensateJun 01 2005Sep 26 2005We consider the propagation of a dark soliton in a quasi 1D Bose-Einstein condensate in presence of a random potential. This configuration involves nonlinear effects and disorder, and we argue that, contrarily to the study of stationary transmission coefficients ... More

Unnatural Oscillon Lifetimes in an Expanding BackgroundApr 19 2006Jul 11 2006We consider a classical toy model of a massive scalar field in 1+1 dimensions with a constant exponential expansion rate of space. The nonlinear theory under consideration supports approximate oscillon solutions, but they eventually decay due to their ... More

Non-linear Matter Spectrum for a Variable Equation of StateFeb 17 2010Apr 10 2014We study the growth of matter perturbations beyond the linear level in cosmologies in which the dark energy has a variable equation of state. The non-linear corrections result in shifts in the positions of the maximum, minima and nodes of the spectrum ... More

Chern invariants of some flat bundles in the arithmetic Deligne cohomologyApr 09 2006In this note, we investigate the Chern classes of flat bundles in the arithmetic Deligne Cohomology, introduced by Green-Griffiths, Asakura-Saito. We show nontriviality of the Chern classes in some cases and the proof also indicates that generic flat ... More

Unifying aspects of polarization of vector mesons from hard production in DIS and at TevatronAug 08 2001Virtual photons have both the transverse and longitudinal polarization. In the inclusive DIS the impact of longitudinal photons, quantified by R=sigmaL/\igmaT sim 0.2, is marginal, but in diffractive DIS with excitation of small mass hadronic states or ... More

Random data Cauchy theory for supercritical wave equations II : A global existence resultJul 10 2007We prove that the subquartic wave equation on the three dimensional ball $\Theta$, with Dirichlet boundary conditions admits global strong solutions for a large set of random supercritical initial data in $\cap_{s<1/2} H^s(\Theta)$. We obtain this result ... More

Bosonic stimulation of cold 1s excitons into a harmonic potential minimum in Cu$_2$OFeb 07 2003Density distribution of cold exciton clouds generated into a strain-induced potential well by two-photon excitation in Cu$_2$O is studied at 2 K. We find that an anomalous spike, which can be interpreted as accumulation of the excitons into the ground ... More

The Universal Equation of State near the Critical Point of QCDJan 12 2004Jun 18 2004We study the universal properties of the phase diagram of QCD near the critical point using the exact renormalization group. For two-flavour QCD and zero quark masses we derive the universal equation of state in the vicinity of the tricritical point. ... More

Analytical Estimate of the Effect of Spherical Inhomogeneities on Luminosity Distance and RedshiftFeb 06 2008Jun 25 2008We provide an analytical estimate of the effect of a spherical inhomogeneity on light beams that travel through it. We model the interior of the inhomogeneity in terms of the Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi metric. We assume that the beam source is located outside ... More

Heavy quark skyrmionsMay 18 2009The description of the heavy baryons as heavy-meson--soliton bound systems is reviewed. We outline how such bound systems arise from effective lagrangians that respect both chiral symmetry and heavy quark symmetry. Effects due to finite heavy quark masses ... More

Wind of presupernova IIn SN~1997egJan 15 2019Spectra and phototometry of type IIn supernova SN 1997eg are used to determine properties of the circumstellar gas lost by the presupernova during the latest 200 years before the explosion. The analysis of narrow H$\alpha$ and [Fe X] 6374 \AA\ results ... More

Upgrading the Local Ergodic Theorem for planar semi-dispersing billiardsMay 29 2007Jun 04 2009The Local Ergodic Theorem (also known as the `Fundamental Theorem') gives sufficient conditions under which a phase point has an open neighborhood that belongs (mod 0) to one ergodic component. This theorem is a key ingredient of many proofs of ergodicity ... More

Connection between Diffraction and Small-$x$Nov 30 2001A brief review of the modern QCD theory of diffractive DIS is given.

Diffractive DIS: Where Are We?Nov 12 2001Nov 20 2001A brief review of the modern QCD theory of diffractive DIS is given. The recent progress has been remarkably rapid, all the principal predictions from the color dipole approach to diffraction - the $(Q^2+m_V^2)$ scaling, the pattern of SCHNC, shrinkage ... More

Diffractive Vector Mesons in DIS: Meson Structure and QCDSep 15 2000I review the modern status of QCD theory of diffractive vector meson production with the focus on shrinkage of photons with Q2 and (Q2+mV2)$scaling, j-plane properties of the QCD pomeron and Regge shrinkage of diffraction cone, $s$-channel helicity non-conservation ... More

Spin dependence of diffractive DISMay 31 1999I review the recent progress in the theory of s-channel helicity nonconservation (SCHNC) effects in diffractive DIS including the unitarity driven demise of the Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule and strong scaling departure from the Wandzura-Wilczek relation. ... More

Flow-invariant hypersurfaces in semi-dispersing billiardsMar 15 2006This work results from our attempts to solve Boltzmann-Sinai's hypothesis about the ergodicity of hard ball gases. A crucial element in the studies of the dynamics of hard balls is the analysis of special hypersurfaces in the phase space consisting of ... More

New upper bound for a class of vertex Folkman numbersJan 11 2006We improve the previuosly known bound for some vertex Folkman numbers.

Observation of the anomalous isotopic symmetry breaking in central diffractive production of the $f_1(1285)$ and $a^0_0(980)$ resonancesJan 29 2018At very high energies, and in the central region ($x_F\simeq0$), the double-Pomeron exchange mechanism gives the dominant contribution to production of hadrons with the positive $C$-parity and isospin $I=0$. Therefore, the observation of resonances in ... More

Astrometric and photometric initial mass functions from the UKIDSS Galactic Clusters Survey: I The PleiadesApr 12 2012We present the results of a deep wide-field near-infrared survey of the entire Pleiades cluster recently released as part of the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky (UKIDSS) Galactic Clusters Survey (GCS) Data Release 9 (DR9). We have identified a sample of ~1000 ... More

The quest for novel modes of excitation in exotic nucleiFeb 25 2010This article provides an insight into several open problems in the quest for novel modes of excitation in nuclei with isospin asymmetry, deformation and finite temperature characteristic in stellar environment. Major unsolved problems include the nature ... More

Comparison of Dijet Cross Sections vs Q^2 with Various Monte Carlo ModelsNov 30 1999The dijet cross section as a function of both the fraction of the photon momentum participating in the hard process, x_\gamma^{OBS}, and the photon's virtuality, Q^2, is compared with the predictions of Herwig 5.9 for various photon parton distribution ... More

JLC ProgressAug 19 2000The JLC is a linear collider project pursued in Japan by researchers centered around KEK. The R&D status for the JLC project is presented, with emphasis on recent results from ATF concerning studies of production of ultra-low emittance beams and from ... More

On the Coulomb interaction in superconducting pairing in cupratesJul 11 2016We discuss a reduction of superconducting transition temperature by the intersite Coulomb repulsion for the d-wave pairing in cuprates. We compare the results found for the spin-fermion model and the extended Hubbard model. We argue that in both the models ... More

Radiative corrections to the magnetic moments of the proton and the neutronOct 17 2016We estimate the radiative corrections of order $\alpha/\pi$ to the magnetic moments of the proton and the neutron. The photon-loop diagram of the vertex-correction type is evaluated with phenomenological nucleon vector form factors. Infrared-finiteness ... More