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Wavefunction positivization via automatic differentiationJun 11 2019We introduce a procedure to systematically search for a local unitary transformation that maps a wavefunction with a non-trivial sign structure into a positive-real form. The transformation is parametrized as a quantum circuit compiled into a set of one ... More

Latent Space Purification via Neural Density OperatorsJan 29 2018Jun 16 2018Machine learning is actively being explored for its potential to design, validate, and even hybridize with near-term quantum devices. A central question is whether neural networks can provide a tractable representation of a given quantum state of interest. ... More

A Neural Decoder for Topological CodesOct 13 2016We present an algorithm for error correction in topological codes that exploits modern machine learning techniques. Our decoder is constructed from a stochastic neural network called a Boltzmann machine, of the type extensively used in deep learning. ... More

Learning Thermodynamics with Boltzmann MachinesJun 08 2016A Boltzmann machine is a stochastic neural network that has been extensively used in the layers of deep architectures for modern machine learning applications. In this paper, we develop a Boltzmann machine that is capable of modelling thermodynamic observables ... More

Machine learning quantum states in the NISQ eraMay 10 2019We review the development of generative modeling techniques in machine learning for the purpose of reconstructing real, noisy, many-qubit quantum states. Motivated by its interpretability and utility, we discuss in detail the theory of the restricted ... More

Integrating Neural Networks with a Quantum Simulator for State ReconstructionApr 17 2019We demonstrate quantum many-body state reconstruction from experimental data generated by a programmable quantum simulator, by means of a neural network model incorporating known experimental errors. Specifically, we extract restricted Boltzmann machine ... More

Reconstructing quantum states with generative modelsOct 24 2018A major bottleneck in the quest for scalable many-body quantum technologies is the difficulty in benchmarking their preparations, which suffer from an exponential `curse of dimensionality' inherent to their quantum states. We present an experimentally ... More

Dynamics of the entanglement spectrum in spin chainsNov 21 2013Jun 25 2014We study the dynamics of the entanglement spectrum, that is the time evolution of the eigenvalues of the reduced density matrices after a bipartition of a one-dimensional spin chain. Starting from the ground state of an initial Hamiltonian, the state ... More

Many-body quantum state tomography with neural networksMar 15 2017Oct 23 2017The experimental realization of increasingly complex synthetic quantum systems calls for the development of general theoretical methods, to validate and fully exploit quantum resources. Quantum-state tomography (QST) aims at reconstructing the full quantum ... More

Higgs and Beyond Standard Model Searches at LEPNov 06 2004Extensive searches for Higgs bosons and other new phenomena predicted by extensions of the Standard Model have been performed at LEP. A summary is given reviewing the principal aspects and presenting a selection of results.

Relativity Experiments in the Solar SystemApr 27 1995Recent theoretical works on alternative metric theories of gravity give greater significance to solar-system tests of General Relativity. In particular, it is suggested that the post-Newtonian parameter $\gamma$ ought to be determined with great precision ... More

Cryptanalysis of a non-commutative key exchange protocolJun 22 2013In the papers by Alvarez et al. and Pathak and Sanghi a non-commutative based public key exchange is described. A similiar version of it has also been patented (US7184551). In this paper we present a polynomial time attack that breaks the variants of ... More

Epitopological and pseudotopological fundamental group functorsJul 18 2017In these notes the epitopological and pseudotopological fundamental group functors are introduced. These are functors from the category of pointed epitopological and pseudotopological spaces respectively, to the category of their respective group-objects. ... More

The construction and commissioning of the CMS Silicon Strip TrackerSep 19 2008Oct 06 2008As the start up date for LHC approaches, the detectors are readying for data taking. Here a review will be given on the construction phase with insights into the various difficulties encountered during the process. An overview will also be given of the ... More

Bayesian complementary clustering, MCMC and Anglo-Saxon placenamesSep 24 2014Jul 02 2015Common cluster models for multi-type point processes model the aggregation of points of the same type. In complete contrast, in the study of Anglo-Saxon settlements it is hypothesized that administrative clusters involving complementary names tend to ... More